Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+) (GSM); Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS); LTE; 3G security; Network Domain Security (NDS); IP network layer security (3GPP TS 33.210 version 15.2.2 Release 15)

RTS/TSGS-0333210vf22

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Status
Published
Publication Date
13-Oct-2019
Technical Committee
Current Stage
12 - Completion
Completion Date
14-Oct-2019
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ETSI TS 133 210 V15.2.2 (2019-10) - Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+) (GSM); Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS); LTE; 3G security; Network Domain Security (NDS); IP network layer security (3GPP TS 33.210 version 15.2.2 Release 15)
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ETSI TS 133 210 V15.2.2 (2019-10)
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION
Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+) (GSM);
Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS);
LTE;
3G security;
Network Domain Security (NDS);
IP network layer security
(3GPP TS 33.210 version 15.2.2 Release 15)
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3GPP TS 33.210 version 15.2.2 Release 15 1 ETSI TS 133 210 V15.2.2 (2019-10)
Reference
RTS/TSGS-0333210vf22
Keywords
GSM,LTE,SECURITY,UMTS
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ETSI
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3GPP TS 33.210 version 15.2.2 Release 15 2 ETSI TS 133 210 V15.2.2 (2019-10)
Intellectual Property Rights
Essential patents

IPRs essential or potentially essential to normative deliverables may have been declared to ETSI. The information

pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, is publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be found

in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to ETSI in

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Pursuant to the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation, including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee

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The present document may include trademarks and/or tradenames which are asserted and/or registered by their owners.

ETSI claims no ownership of these except for any which are indicated as being the property of ETSI, and conveys no

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Legal Notice

This Technical Specification (TS) has been produced by ETSI 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP).

The present document may refer to technical specifications or reports using their 3GPP identities. These shall be

interpreted as being references to the corresponding ETSI deliverables.

The cross reference between 3GPP and ETSI identities can be found under http://webapp.etsi.org/key/queryform.asp.

Modal verbs terminology

In the present document "shall", "shall not", "should", "should not", "may", "need not", "will", "will not", "can" and

"cannot" are to be interpreted as described in clause 3.2 of the ETSI Drafting Rules (Verbal forms for the expression of

provisions).

"must" and "must not" are NOT allowed in ETSI deliverables except when used in direct citation.

ETSI
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3GPP TS 33.210 version 15.2.2 Release 15 3 ETSI TS 133 210 V15.2.2 (2019-10)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................ 2

Legal Notice ....................................................................................................................................................... 2

Modal verbs terminology .................................................................................................................................... 2

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 5

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ 5

1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 6

2 References ................................................................................................................................................ 6

3 Definitions, symbols and abbreviations ................................................................................................... 8

3.1 Definitions .......................................................................................................................................................... 8

3.2 Symbols .............................................................................................................................................................. 9

3.3 Abbreviations ..................................................................................................................................................... 9

4 Overview over network domain security for IP based protocols ........................................................... 10

4.1 Introduction ...................................................................................................................................................... 10

4.2 Protection at the network layer ......................................................................................................................... 10

4.3 Security for native IP based protocols .............................................................................................................. 10

4.4 Security domains .............................................................................................................................................. 10

4.4.1 Security domains and interfaces ................................................................................................................. 10

4.5 Security Gateways (SEGs) ............................................................................................................................... 10

5 Key management and distribution architecture for NDS/IP ................................................................... 11

5.1 Security services afforded to the protocols ....................................................................................................... 11

5.2 Security Associations (SAs) ............................................................................................................................. 11

5.2.0 General ........................................................................................................................................................ 11

5.2.1 Security Policy Database (SPD) ................................................................................................................. 12

5.2.2 Security Association Database (SAD) ........................................................................................................ 12

5.3 Profiling of IPsec .............................................................................................................................................. 12

5.3.0 General ........................................................................................................................................................ 12

5.3.1 Support of ESP ........................................................................................................................................... 12

5.3.2 Support of tunnel mode ............................................................................................................................... 12

5.3.3 Support of ESP encryption transforms ....................................................................................................... 12

5.3.4 Support of ESP authentication transforms .................................................................................................. 13

5.3.5 Requirements on the construction of the IV ............................................................................................... 13

5.4 Profiling of IKEv2 ............................................................................................................................................ 13

5.4.0 General ........................................................................................................................................................ 13

5.4.1 Void ............................................................................................................................................................ 13

5.4.2 Profiling of IKEv2 ...................................................................................................................................... 13

5.4.3 Void ............................................................................................................................................................ 14

5.5 Security policy granularity ............................................................................................................................... 15

5.6 Network domain security key management and distribution architecture for native IP based protocols ......... 15

5.6.1 Network domain security architecture outline ............................................................................................ 15

5.6.2 Interface description ................................................................................................................................... 16

6 Other 3GPP profiles ............................................................................................................................... 17

6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 17

6.2 TLS protocol profiles ....................................................................................................................................... 17

6.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 17

6.2.2 Profiling for TLS 1.3 ........................................................................................................................................ 18

6.2.3 Profiling for TLS 1.2 and earlier ...................................................................................................................... 18

6.3 JWE and JWS profiles ...................................................................................................................................... 19

6.3.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................ 19

6.3.2 JWE profile ................................................................................................................................................. 20

6.3.3 JWS profile ................................................................................................................................................. 20

Annex A (informative): Other issues .................................................................................................... 21

ETSI
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3GPP TS 33.210 version 15.2.2 Release 15 4 ETSI TS 133 210 V15.2.2 (2019-10)

A.1 Network Address Translators (NATs) and Transition Gateways (TrGWs) ........................................... 21

A.2 Filtering routers and firewalls ................................................................................................................ 21

A.3 The relationship between BGs and SEGs ............................................................................................... 21

Annex B (normative): Security protection for GTP ......................................................................... 22

B.0 General ................................................................................................................................................... 22

B.1 The need for security protection ............................................................................................................. 22

B.2 Policy discrimination of GTP-C and GTP-U ......................................................................................... 22

B.3 Protection of GTP-C transport protocols and interfaces ........................................................................ 23

Annex C (normative): Security protection of IMS protocols ........................................................... 24

C.0 General ................................................................................................................................................... 24

C.1 The need for security protection ............................................................................................................. 24

C.2 Protection of IMS protocols and interfaces ............................................................................................ 24

Annex D (normative): Security protection of UTRAN/GERAN IP transport protocols ............... 25

D.0 General ................................................................................................................................................... 25

D.1 The need for security protection ............................................................................................................. 25

D.2 Protection of UTRAN/GERAN IP transport protocols and interfaces ................................................... 25

Annex E (informative): RFC-4303 compared with RFC-2406 ........................................................... 26

Annex F (informative): Change history ............................................................................................... 27

History .............................................................................................................................................................. 29

ETSI
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3GPP TS 33.210 version 15.2.2 Release 15 5 ETSI TS 133 210 V15.2.2 (2019-10)
Foreword

This Technical Specification has been produced by the 3 Generation Partnership Project (3GPP).

The contents of the present document are subject to continuing work within the TSG and may change following formal

TSG approval. Should the TSG modify the contents of the present document, it will be re-released by the TSG with an

identifying change of release date and an increase in version number as follows:
Version x.y.z
where:
x the first digit:
1 presented to TSG for information;
2 presented to TSG for approval;
3 or greater indicates TSG approved document under change control.

y the second digit is incremented for all changes of substance, i.e. technical enhancements, corrections,

updates, etc.

z the third digit is incremented when editorial only changes have been incorporated in the document.

Introduction

An identified security weakness in GPRS systems is the absence of security in the core network. This was formerly

perceived not to be a problem, since the GPRS networks previously were the provinces of a small number of large

institutions. This is no longer the case, and so there is now a need for security precautions. Another significant

development has been the introduction of IP as the network layer in the GPRS backbone network and then later in the

UMTS network domain. Furthermore, IP is not only used for signalling traffic, but also for user traffic. The introduction

of IP therefore signifies not only a shift towards packet switching, which is a major change by its own accounts, but also

a shift towards completely open and easily accessible protocols. The implication is that from a security point of view, a

whole new set of threats and risks must be faced.

For UMTS and fixed broadband systems it is a clear goal to be able to protect the core network signalling protocols, and

by implication this means that security solutions must be found for both SS7 and IP based protocols.

Starting with LTE, but especially with 5G, security of signalling protocols moves onto the application layer. The current

document is the central repository of the protection mechanisms and profiles for these protocols.

This document is the stage-2 specification for IP related security in the 3GPP and fixed broadband core networks.

The security services that have been identified as being needed are confidentiality, integrity, authentication and anti-

replay protection. These will be ensured by standard procedures, based on cryptographic techniques.

ETSI
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3GPP TS 33.210 version 15.2.2 Release 15 6 ETSI TS 133 210 V15.2.2 (2019-10)
1 Scope

The present document defines the security architecture for network domain IP based control planes, which shall be

applied to NDS/IP-networks (i.e. 3GPP and fixed broadband networks). The scope of network domain control plane

security is to cover the control signalling on selected interfaces between network elements of NDS/IP networks. . The

present document furthermore serves as a central repository for cryptographic profiles for security above IP layer.

2 References

The following documents contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of the present

document.

- References are either specific (identified by date of publication, edition number, version number, etc.) or

non-specific.
- For a specific reference, subsequent revisions do not apply.

- For a non-specific reference, the latest version applies. In the case of a reference to a 3GPP document (including

a GSM document), a non-specific reference implicitly refers to the latest version of that document in the same

Release as the present document.

[1] 3GPP TS 21.133: "3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Services

and System Aspects; 3G Security; Security Threats and Requirements".

[2] 3GPP TR 21.905: "3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Services

and System Aspects; Vocabulary for 3GPP Specifications".

[3] 3GPP TS 23.002: "3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Services

and Systems Aspects; Network architecture".

[4] 3GPP TS 23.060: "3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Services

and System Aspects; General Packet Radio Service (GPRS); Service description; Stage 2".

[5] 3GPP TS 23.228: "3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Services

and System Aspects; IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS); Stage 2".

[6] 3GPP TS 29.060: "3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Core

Network; General Packet Radio Service (GPRS); GPRS Tunnelling Protocol (GTP) across the Gn

and Gp Interface".

[7] 3GPP TS 33.102: "3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Services

and System Aspects; 3G Security; Security Architecture".

[8] 3GPP TS 33.103: "3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Services

and System Aspects; 3G security; Integration guidelines".

[9] 3GPP TS 33.120: "3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Services

and System Aspects; 3G Security; Security Principles and Objectives".

[10] 3GPP TS 33.203: "3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Services

and System Aspects; Access security for IP-based services".
[11] -[25] Void.

[26] RFC-3554: "On the Use of Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP) with IPsec".

[27] RFC-1750: "Randomness Recommendations for Security".

[28] 3GPP TS 25.412: "3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Radio

Access Network; UTRAN Iu interface signalling transport".
[29] Void.
ETSI
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3GPP TS 33.210 version 15.2.2 Release 15 7 ETSI TS 133 210 V15.2.2 (2019-10)

[30] 3GPP TS 33.310: "3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Services

and System Aspects; 3G Security; Network domain security; Authentication Framework".

[31] RFC-4303: "IP Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP)"
[32] Void.
[33] Void
[34] Void.
[35] RFC-4301: "Security Architecture for the Internet Protocol".
[36] Void.
[37] Void.

[38] 3GPP TS 25.422: "3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Radio

Access Network; UTRAN Iur interface signalling transport".

[39] 3GPP TS 25.467: "3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Radio

Access Network; UTRAN architecture for 3G Home Node B (HNB); Stage 2".

[40] 3GPP TS 25.468: "3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Radio

Access Network; UTRAN Iuh Interface RANAP User Adaption (RUA) signalling".

[41] 3GPP TS 25.471: "3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Radio

Access Network; UTRAN Iurh Interface RNSAP User Adaption (RNA) signalling".
[42] RFC-6311: "Protocol Support for High Availability of IKEv2/IPsec".
[43] RFC-7296: "Internet Key Exchange Protocol Version 2 (IKEv2)".
[44] IANA: "Internet Key Exchange Version 2 (IKEv2) Parameters".

[45] RFC-7321: "Cryptographic Algorithm Implementation Requirements and Usage Guidance for

Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP) and Authentication Header (AH)".
[46] IETF RFC 7515: "JSON Web Signature (JWS)".
[47] IETF RFC 7516: "JSON Web Encryption (JWE)".
[48] IETF RFC 7518: "JSON Web Algorithms (JWA)".
[49] IETF RFC 6347: "Datagram Transport Layer Security Version 1.2".
[50] IETF RFC 5246: "The Transport Layer Security (TLS) Protocol Version 1.2".

[51] IETF RFC 8442: "ECDHE_PSK with AES-GCM and AES-CCM Cipher Suites for TLS 1.2 and

DTLS 1.2”.
[52] IETF RFC 2818: "HTTP Over TLS".
[53] IETF RFC 2817: "Upgrading to TLS Within HTTP/1.1".
[54] IETF RFC 5288: "AES Galois Counter Mode (GCM) Cipher Suites for TLS".

[55] IETF RFC 5289: "TLS Elliptic Curve Cipher Suites with SHA-256/384 and AES Galois Counter

Mode (GCM)".

[56] IETF RFC 4492: "Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC) Cipher Suites for Transport Layer Security

(TLS)".

[57] IETF RFC 6066: "Transport Layer Security (TLS) Extensions: Extension Definitions".

[58] IETF RFC 4366: "Transport Layer Security (TLS) Extensions".
ETSI
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3GPP TS 33.210 version 15.2.2 Release 15 8 ETSI TS 133 210 V15.2.2 (2019-10)

[59] IETF RFC 5077: "Transport Layer Security (TLS) Session Resumption without Server-Side

State".

[60] IETF RFC 5746: "Transport Layer Security (TLS) Renegotiation Indication Extension".

[61] IETF RFC 7627: "Transport Layer Security (TLS) Session Hash and Extended Master Secret

Extension".

[62] IETF RFC 7919: "Negotiated Finite Field Diffie-Hellman Ephemeral Parameters for Transport

Layer Security (TLS)".

[63] IETF RFC 4279: "Pre-Shared Key Ciphersuites for Transport Layer Security (TLS)".

[64] IETF RFC 5489: "ECDHE_PSK Cipher Suites for Transport Layer Security (TLS)".

[65] IETF RFC 5487: "Pre-Shared Key Cipher Suites for TLS with SHA-256/384 and AES Galois

Counter Mode".
[66] IETF RFC 8446: “The Transport Layer Security (TLS) Protocol Version 1.3".
[67] IETF RFC 4346: "The Transport Layer Security (TLS) Protocol Version 1.1".
3 Definitions, symbols and abbreviations
3.1 Definitions

For the purposes of the present document, the following terms and definitions apply.

Anti-replay protection: Anti-replay protection is a special case of integrity protection. Its main service is to protect

against replay of self-contained packets that already have a cryptographical integrity mechanism in place.

Confidentiality: The property that information is not made available or disclosed to unauthorised individuals, entities

or processes.

Data integrity: The property that data has not been altered in an unauthorised manner.

Data origin authentication: The corroboration that the source of data received is as claimed.

Entity authentication: The provision of assurance of the claimed identity of an entity.

Key freshness: A key is fresh if it can be guaranteed to be new, as opposed to an old key being reused through actions

of either an adversary or authorised party.

NDS/IP Traffic: Traffic that requires protection according to the mechanisms defined in this specification.

NDS/IP-networks: 3GPP and fixed broadband networks.

IPsec Security Association: A unidirectional logical connection created for security purposes. All traffic traversing a

SA is provided the same security protection. The SA itself is a set of parameters to define security protection between

two entities. A IPsec Security Association includes the cryptographic algorithms, the keys, the duration of the keys, and

other parameters.

Security Domain: Networks that are managed by a single administrative authority. Within a security domain the same

level of security and usage of security services will be typical.

Transit Security Domain: A security domain, which is transmitting NDS/IP traffic between other security domains.

Transport mode: Mode of operation that primarily protects the payload of the IP packet, in effect giving protection to

higher level layers.
ETSI
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3GPP TS 33.210 version 15.2.2 Release 15 9 ETSI TS 133 210 V15.2.2 (2019-10)

Tunnel mode: Mode of operation that protects the whole IP packet by tunnelling it so that the whole packet is

protected.
3.2 Symbols
For the purposes of the present document, the following symbols apply:
Gi Reference point between GPRS and an external packet data network
Gn Interface between two GSNs within the same PLMN

Gp Interface between two GSNs in different PLMNs. The Gp interface allows support of GPRS

network services across areas served by the co-operating GPRS PLMNs
Mm Interface between a CSCF and an IP multimedia network
Mw Interface between a CSCF and another CSCF
Za Interface between SEGs belonging to different networks/security domains

Zb Interface between SEGs and NEs and interface between NEs within the same network/security

domain
3.3 Abbreviations
For the purposes of the present document, the following abbreviations apply:
AAA Authentication Authorization Accounting
AES Advanced Encryption Standard
AH Authentication Header
BG Border Gateway
CS Circuit Switched
CSCF Call Session Control Function
DES Data Encryption Standard
DoI Domain of Interpretation
ESP Encapsulating Security Payload
GTP GPRS Tunnelling Protocols
IESG Internet Engineering Steering Group
IETF Internet Engineering Task Force
IKE Internet Key Exchange
IKEv2 Internet Key Exchange version 2
IP Internet Protocol

IPsec IP security - a collection of protocols and algorithms for IP security incl. key mngt.

ISAKMP Internet Security Association Key Management Protocol
IV Initialisation Vector
MAC Message Authentication Code
NAT Network Address Translator
NDS Network Domain Security
NDS/IP NDS for IP based protocols
NE Network Entity
PS Packet Switched
SA Security Association
SAD Security Association Database (sometimes also referred to as SADB)
SEG Security Gateway
SIP Session Initiation Protocol
SPD Security Policy Database (sometimes also referred to as SPDB)
SPI Security Parameters Index
TISPAN Telecoms & Internet converged Services & Protocols for Advanced Networks
TrGW Transition Gateway
ETSI
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3GPP TS 33.210 version 15.2.2 Release 15 10 ETSI TS 133 210 V15.2.2 (2019-10)
4 Overview over network domain security for IP based
protocols
4.1 Introduction

The scope of this section is to outline the basic principles for the network domain security architecture. A central

concept introduced in this specification is the notion of a security domain. The security domains are networks that are

...

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