Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+) (GSM); Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS); LTE; 3GPP System Architecture Evolution (SAE); Security architecture (3GPP TS 33.401 version 15.10.0 Release 15)

RTS/TSGS-0333401vfa0

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Status
Published
Publication Date
15-Jan-2020
Technical Committee
Current Stage
12 - Completion
Completion Date
16-Jan-2020
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ETSI TS 133 401 V15.10.0 (2020-01) - Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+) (GSM); Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS); LTE; 3GPP System Architecture Evolution (SAE); Security architecture (3GPP TS 33.401 version 15.10.0 Release 15)
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ETSI TS 133 401 V15.10.0 (2020-01)
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION
Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+) (GSM);
Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS);
LTE;
3GPP System Architecture Evolution (SAE);
Security architecture
(3GPP TS 33.401 version 15.10.0 Release 15)
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3GPP TS 33.401 version 15.10.0 Release 15 1 ETSI TS 133 401 V15.10.0 (2020-01)
Reference
RTS/TSGS-0333401vfa0
Keywords
GSM,LTE,SECURITY,UMTS
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3GPP TS 33.401 version 15.10.0 Release 15 2 ETSI TS 133 401 V15.10.0 (2020-01)
Intellectual Property Rights
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pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, is publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be found

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Legal Notice

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The present document may refer to technical specifications or reports using their 3GPP identities. These shall be

interpreted as being references to the corresponding ETSI deliverables.
The cross reference between 3GPP and ETSI identities can be found under
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Modal verbs terminology

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ETSI
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3GPP TS 33.401 version 15.10.0 Release 15 3 ETSI TS 133 401 V15.10.0 (2020-01)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................ 2

Legal Notice ....................................................................................................................................................... 2

Modal verbs terminology .................................................................................................................................... 2

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................... 10

1 Scope ...................................................................................................................................................... 11

2 References .............................................................................................................................................. 11

3 Definitions, symbols and abbreviations ................................................................................................. 13

3.1 Definitions ........................................................................................................................................................ 13

3.2 Symbols ............................................................................................................................................................ 14

3.3 Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................................... 15

3.4 Conventions ...................................................................................................................................................... 16

4 Overview of Security Architecture ......................................................................................................... 17

5 Security Features .................................................................................................................................... 17

5.1 User-to-Network security ................................................................................................................................. 17

5.1.0 General ........................................................................................................................................................ 17

5.1.1 User identity and device confidentiality ..................................................................................................... 18

5.1.2 Entity authentication ................................................................................................................................... 18

5.1.3 User data and signalling data confidentiality .............................................................................................. 18

5.1.3.1 Ciphering requirements ......................................................................................................................... 18

5.1.3.2 Algorithm Identifier Values .................................................................................................................. 19

5.1.4 User data and signalling data integrity ........................................................................................................ 19

5.1.4.1 Integrity requirements ........................................................................................................................... 19

5.1.4.2 Algorithm Identifier Values .................................................................................................................. 19

5.2 Security visibility and configurability .............................................................................................................. 20

5.3 Security requirements on eNodeB .................................................................................................................... 20

5.3.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................ 20

5.3.2 Requirements for eNB setup and configuration .......................................................................................... 20

5.3.3 Requirements for key management inside eNB .......................................................................................... 21

5.3.4 Requirements for handling User plane data for the eNB ............................................................................ 21

5.3.4a Requirements for handling Control plane data for the eNB ........................................................................ 21

5.3.5 Requirements for secure environment of the eNB ...................................................................................... 21

5.4 Void .................................................................................................................................................................. 22

6 Security Procedures between UE and EPC Network Elements ............................................................. 22

6.0 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 22

6.1 Authentication and key agreement ................................................................................................................... 22

6.1.1 AKA procedure ........................................................................................................................................... 22

6.1.2 Distribution of authentication data from HSS to serving network .............................................................. 23

6.1.3 User identification by a permanent identity ................................................................................................ 24

6.1.4 Distribution of IMSI and authentication data within one serving network domain .................................... 25

6.1.5 Distribution of IMSI and authentication data between different serving network domains........................ 26

6.1.6 Distribution of IMSI and UMTS authentication vectors between MMEs or between MME and

SGSN .......................................................................................................................................................... 26

6.2 EPS key hierarchy ............................................................................................................................................ 27

6.3 EPS key identification ...................................................................................................................................... 29

6.4 Handling of EPS security contexts ................................................................................................................... 30

6.5 Handling of NAS COUNTs.............................................................................................................................. 31

7 Security procedures between UE and EPS access network elements .................................................... 32

7.0 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 32

7.1 Mechanism for user identity confidentiality ..................................................................................................... 32

7.2 Handling of user-related keys in E-UTRAN .................................................................................................... 32

7.2.1 E-UTRAN key setting during AKA ........................................................................................................... 32

7.2.2 E-UTRAN key identification ...................................................................................................................... 32

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3GPP TS 33.401 version 15.10.0 Release 15 4 ETSI TS 133 401 V15.10.0 (2020-01)

7.2.3 E-UTRAN key lifetimes ............................................................................................................................. 33

7.2.4 Security mode command procedure and algorithm negotiation .................................................................. 33

7.2.4.1 Requirements for algorithm selection ................................................................................................... 33

7.2.4.2 Procedures for AS algorithm selection .................................................................................................. 34

7.2.4.2.1 Initial AS security context establishment ........................................................................................ 34

7.2.4.2.2 X2-handover .................................................................................................................................... 34

7.2.4.2.3 S1-handover ..................................................................................................................................... 34

7.2.4.2.4 Intra-eNB handover ......................................................................................................................... 34

7.2.4.3 Procedures for NAS algorithm selection ............................................................................................... 34

7.2.4.3.1 Initial NAS security context establishment ..................................................................................... 34

7.2.4.3.2 MME change ................................................................................................................................... 35

7.2.4.4 NAS security mode command procedure .............................................................................................. 35

7.2.4.5 AS security mode command procedure ................................................................................................. 36

7.2.4a Algorithm negotiation for unauthenticated UEs in LSM ............................................................................ 37

7.2.5 Key handling at state transitions to and away from EMM-DEREGISTERED ........................................... 38

7.2.5.1 Transition to EMM-DEREGISTERED ................................................................................................. 38

7.2.5.2 Transition away from EMM-DEREGISTERED ................................................................................... 39

7.2.5.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................ 39

7.2.5.2.2 With existing native EPS NAS security context .............................................................................. 39

7.2.5.2.3 With run of EPS AKA ..................................................................................................................... 40

7.2.6 Key handling in ECM-IDLE to ECM-CONNECTED and ECM-CONNECTED to ECM-IDLE

transitio ns .................................................................................................................................................... 40

7.2.6.1 ECM-IDLE to ECM-CONNECTED transition..................................................................................... 40

7.2.6.2 Establishment of keys for cryptographically protected radio bearers ................................................... 40

7.2.6.3 ECM-CONNECTED to ECM-IDLE transition..................................................................................... 41

7.2.7 Key handling for the TAU procedure when registered in E-UTRAN ........................................................ 41

7.2.8 Key handling in handover ........................................................................................................................... 42

7.2.8.1 General .................................................................................................................................................. 42

7.2.8.1.1 Access stratum ................................................................................................................................. 42

7.2.8.1.2 Non access stratum .......................................................................................................................... 43

7.2.8.2 Void....................................................................................................................................................... 43

7.2.8.3 Key derivations for context modification procedure ............................................................................. 43

7.2.8.4 Key derivations during handovers ......................................................................................................... 44

7.2.8.4.1 Intra-eNB Handover ........................................................................................................................ 44

7.2.8.4.2 X2-handover .................................................................................................................................... 44

7.2.8.4.3 S1-Handover .................................................................................................................................... 44

7.2.8.4.4 UE handling ..................................................................................................................................... 45

7.2.9 Key-change-on-the fly ................................................................................................................................ 45

7.2.9.1 General .................................................................................................................................................. 45

7.2.9.2 K re-keying ....................................................................................................................................... 45

eNB

7.2.9.3 KeNB refresh ........................................................................................................................................ 46

7.2.9.4 NAS key re-keying ................................................................................................................................ 46

7.2.10 Rules on Concurrent Running of Security Procedures ............................................................................... 46

7.2.11 Suspend and resume of RRC connection .................................................................................................... 47

7.2.11.1 General .................................................................................................................................................. 47

7.2.11.2 RRC connection suspend ...................................................................................................................... 47

7.2.11.3 RRC connection resume to a new eNB ................................................................................................. 48

7.2.11.4 RRC connection resume to the same eNB ............................................................................................ 49

7.3 UP security mechanisms .................................................................................................................................. 50

7.3.1 UP confidentiality mechanisms .................................................................................................................. 50

7.3.2 UP integrity mechanisms ............................................................................................................................ 50

7.4 RRC security mechanisms ................................................................................................................................ 50

7.4.1 RRC integrity mechanisms ......................................................................................................................... 50

7.4.2 RRC confidentiality mechanisms ............................................................................................................... 51

7.4.3 K * and Token Preparation for the RRCConnectionRe-establishment Procedure .................................. 51

eNB

7.4.4 RRCConnectionRe-establishment Procedure for Control Plane CIoT EPS optimisation ........................... 52

7.5 Signalling procedure for periodic local authentication ..................................................................................... 53

8 Security mechanisms for non-access stratum signalling and data via MME ......................................... 53

8.0 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 53

8.1 NAS integrity mechanisms ............................................................................................................................... 54

8.1.1 NAS input parameters and mechanism ....................................................................................................... 54

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3GPP TS 33.401 version 15.10.0 Release 15 5 ETSI TS 133 401 V15.10.0 (2020-01)

8.1.2 NAS integrity activation ............................................................................................................................. 54

8.2 NAS confidentiality mechanisms ..................................................................................................................... 54

9 Security interworking between E-UTRAN and UTRAN ....................................................................... 55

9.1 RAU and TAU procedures ............................................................................................................................... 55

9.1.1 RAU procedures in UTRAN ....................................................................................................................... 55

9.1.2 TAU procedures in E-UTRAN ................................................................................................................... 56

9.2 Handover .......................................................................................................................................................... 57

9.2.1 From E-UTRAN to UTRAN ...................................................................................................................... 57

9.2.2 From UTRAN to E-UTRAN ...................................................................................................................... 59

9.2.2.1 Procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 59

9.2.2.2 Derivation of NAS keys and K during Handover from UTRAN to E-UTRAN ............................... 63

eNB

9.3 Recommendations on AKA at IRAT-mobility to E-UTRAN .......................................................................... 63

9.4 Attach procedures ............................................................................................................................................. 64

9.4.1 Attach in UTRAN ....................................................................................................................................... 64

10 Security interworking between E-UTRAN and GERAN ....................................................................... 64

10.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 64

10.2 RAU and TAU procedures ............................................................................................................................... 65

10.2.1 RAU procedures in GERAN ....................................................................................................................... 65

10.2.2 TAU procedures in E-UTRAN ................................................................................................................... 65

10.3 Handover .......................................................................................................................................................... 65

10.3.1 From E-UTRAN to GERAN ...................................................................................................................... 65

10.3.2 From GERAN to E-UTRAN ...................................................................................................................... 65

10.3.2.1 Procedures ............................................................................................................................................. 65

10.4 Recommendations on AKA at IRAT-mobility to E-UTRAN .......................................................................... 65

10.5 Attach procedures ............................................................................................................................................. 66

10.5.1 Attach in GERAN ....................................................................................................................................... 66

11 Network Domain Control Plane protection ............................................................................................ 66

12 Backhaul link user plane protection ....................................................................................................... 66

13 Management plane protection over the S1 interface .............................................................................. 67

14 SRVCC between E-UTRAN and Circuit Switched UTRAN/GERAN .................................................. 68

14.1 From E-UTRAN to Circuit Switched UTRAN/GERAN ................................................................................. 68

14.2 Emergency call in SRVCC from E-UTRAN to circuit switched UTRAN/GERAN ........................................ 69

14.3 SRVCC from circuit switched UTRAN/GERAN to E-UTRAN ...................................................................... 69

14.3.1 Procedure .................................................................................................................................................... 69

15 Security Aspects of IMS Emergency Session Handling ........................................................................ 72

15.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 72

15.2 Security procedures and their applicability ...................................................................................................... 73

15.2.1 Authenticated IMS Emergency Sessions .................................................................................................... 73

15.2.1.1 General .................................................................................................................................................. 73

15.2.1.2 UE and MME share a current security context ..................................................................................... 73

15.2.2 Unauthenticated IMS Emergency Sessions ................................................................................................ 74

15.2.2.1 General .................................................................................................................................................. 74

15.2.2.2 UE and MME share no security context ............................................................................................... 75

15.2.3 Void ............................................................................................................................................................ 76

15.2.4 Key generation procedures for unauthenticated IMS Emergency Sessions ................................................ 76

15.2.4.1 General .................................................................................................................................................. 76

15.2.4.2 Handover ............................................................................................................................................... 76

16 Void ........................................................................................................................................................ 76

Annex A (normative): Key derivation functions ............................................................................... 77

A.1 KDF interface and input parameter construction ...........................................................................

...

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