Electronic Signatures and Infrastructures (ESI); Certificate Profiles; Part 5: QCStatements

REN/ESI-0019412-5v231

Elektronski podpisi in infrastruktura (ESI) - Profili potrdil - 5. del: Izjave QC

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
13-Apr-2020
Current Stage
12 - Completion
Due Date
22-Apr-2020
Completion Date
14-Apr-2020
Mandate

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1:2020
01-junij-2020

Elektronski podpisi in infrastruktura (ESI) - Profili potrdil - 5. del: Izjave QC

Electronic Signatures and Infrastructures (ESI) - Certificate Profiles - Part 5:
QCStatements
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1 (2020-04)
ICS:
03.080.99 Druge storitve Other services
35.040.01 Kodiranje informacij na Information coding in general
splošno
SIST EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1:2020 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1:2020
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SIST EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1:2020
ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1 (2020-04)
EUROPEAN STANDARD
Electronic Signatures and Infrastructures (ESI);
Certificate Profiles;
Part 5: QCStatements
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SIST EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1:2020
2 ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1 (2020-04)
Reference
REN/ESI-0019412-5v231
Keywords
e-commerce, electronic signature, security,
trust services
ETSI
650 Route des Lucioles
F-06921 Sophia Antipolis Cedex - FRANCE
Tel.: +33 4 92 94 42 00 Fax: +33 4 93 65 47 16
Siret N° 348 623 562 00017 - NAF 742 C
Association à but non lucratif enregistrée à la
Sous-Préfecture de Grasse (06) N° 7803/88
Important notice
The present document can be downloaded from:
http://www.etsi.org/standards-search

The present document may be made available in electronic versions and/or in print. The content of any electronic and/or

print versions of the present document shall not be modified without the prior written authorization of ETSI. In case of any

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Users of the present document should be aware that the document may be subject to revision or change of status.

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Copyright Notification

No part may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying

and microfilm except as authorized by written permission of ETSI.

The content of the PDF version shall not be modified without the written authorization of ETSI.

The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.
© ETSI 2020.
All rights reserved.

DECT™, PLUGTESTS™, UMTS™ and the ETSI logo are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members.

3GPP™ and LTE™ are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and

of the 3GPP Organizational Partners.

oneM2M™ logo is a trademark of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and

of the oneM2M Partners.
GSM and the GSM logo are trademarks registered and owned by the GSM Association.
ETSI
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SIST EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1:2020
3 ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1 (2020-04)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................ 4

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 4

Modal verbs terminology .................................................................................................................................... 4

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ 5

1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 6

2 References ................................................................................................................................................ 6

2.1 Normative references ......................................................................................................................................... 6

2.2 Informative references ........................................................................................................................................ 6

3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations ....................................................................................... 7

3.1 Terms .................................................................................................................................................................. 7

3.2 Symbols .............................................................................................................................................................. 7

3.3 Abbreviations ..................................................................................................................................................... 7

4 Qualified certificate statements ................................................................................................................ 8

4.1 General requirements ......................................................................................................................................... 8

4.2 QCStatements claiming compliance with specific legislation ...................................................................... 8

4.2.1 QCStatement claiming that the certificate is a EU qualified certificate or a certificate being

qualified within a defined legal framework from an identified country or set of countries .......................... 8

4.2.2 QCStatement claiming that the private key related to the certified public key resides in a QSCD .......... 9

4.2.3 QCStatement claiming that the certificate is a certificate of a particular type ......................................... 9

4.2.4 QcStatement stating the country or set of countries under the legislation of which the certificate is

issued as a qualified certificate ................................................................................................................... 10

4.3 Generic QCStatements ................................................................................................................................ 10

4.3.1 Introduction................................................................................................................................................. 10

4.3.2 QCStatement regarding limits on the value of transactions ................................................................... 10

4.3.3 QCStatement indicating the duration of the retention period of material information ........................... 11

4.3.4 QCStatement regarding location of PKI Disclosure Statements (PDS) ................................................. 11

5 Requirements on QCStatements in EU qualified certificates .......................................................... 12

Annex A (informative): Relationship with the Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 .................................. 13

A.1 EU qualified certificates for electronic signatures ................................................................................. 13

A.2 EU qualified certificates for electronic seals .......................................................................................... 14

A.3 EU qualified certificates for website authentication .............................................................................. 15

Annex B (normative): ASN.1 declarations......................................................................................... 16

Annex C (informative): Change History .............................................................................................. 18

History .............................................................................................................................................................. 19

ETSI
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SIST EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1:2020
4 ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1 (2020-04)
Intellectual Property Rights
Essential patents

IPRs essential or potentially essential to normative deliverables may have been declared to ETSI. The information

pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, is publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be found

in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to ETSI in

respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the ETSI Web

server (https://ipr.etsi.org/).

Pursuant to the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation, including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee

can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web

server) which are, or may be, or may become, essential to the present document.
Trademarks

The present document may include trademarks and/or tradenames which are asserted and/or registered by their owners.

ETSI claims no ownership of these except for any which are indicated as being the property of ETSI, and conveys no

right to use or reproduce any trademark and/or tradename. Mention of those trademarks in the present document does

not constitute an endorsement by ETSI of products, services or organizations associated with those trademarks.

Foreword

This European Standard (EN) has been produced by ETSI Technical Committee Electronic Signatures and

Infrastructures (ESI).

The present document is part 5 of multi-part deliverable covering the Certificate Profiles. Full details of the entire series

can be found in part 1 [i.1].
The present document was previously published as ETSI TS 101 862 [i.4].
National transposition dates
Date of adoption of this EN: 8 April 2020
Date of latest announcement of this EN (doa): 31 July 2020
Date of latest publication of new National Standard
or endorsement of this EN (dop/e): 31 January 2021
Date of withdrawal of any conflicting National Standard (dow): 31 January 2021
Modal verbs terminology

In the present document "shall", "shall not", "should", "should not", "may", "need not", "will", "will not", "can" and

"cannot" are to be interpreted as described in clause 3.2 of the ETSI Drafting Rules (Verbal forms for the expression of

provisions).

"must" and "must not" are NOT allowed in ETSI deliverables except when used in direct citation.

ETSI
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SIST EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1:2020
5 ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1 (2020-04)
Introduction

ITU and ISO issued standards for certification of public keys in Recommendation ITU-T X.509 | ISO/IEC 9594-8 [i.7]

which are used for the security of communications and data for a wide range of electronic applications.

The IETF qualified certificate profile, IETF RFC 3739 [2] defines an extension to X.509 certificates, the

qcStatements extension, which can include statements relevant for qualified certificates. IETF RFC 3739 [2]

defines qualified certificates in a general context as "a certificate whose primary purpose is to identify a person with a

high level of assurance, where the certificate meets some qualification requirements defined by an applicable legal

framework". The use of IETF RFC 3739 [2] qcStatements in the present document goes beyond the scope of the

RFC which is directed at natural persons only.

The qcStatements certificate extension can contain any statement by the certificate issuer that can be useful to the

relying party in determining the applicability of the certificate for an intended usage. Such statement can be a

declaration that the certificate fulfils specific legal requirements for qualified certificates according to a defined legal

framework.

The present document is aiming to meet the general requirements of the international community to provide trust and

confidence in electronic transactions including, amongst others, applicable requirements from Regulation (EU)

No 910/2014 [i.8] Annexes I, III and IV.
ETSI
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SIST EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1:2020
6 ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1 (2020-04)
1 Scope

The present document defines specific QCStatement for the qcStatements extension as defined in IETF

RFC 3739 [2], clause 3.2.6, including requirements for their use in EU qualified certificates. Some of these

QCStatements can be used for other forms of certificate.

The QCStatements defined in the present document can be used in combination with any certificate profile, either

defined in ETSI EN 319 412-2 [i.2], ETSI EN 319 412-3 [i.5] and ETSI EN 319 412-4 [i.6], or defined elsewhere.

The QCStatements defined in clause 4.3 may be applied to regulatory environments outside the EU. Other

requirements specified in clause 4 are specific to Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 [i.8] but may be adapted for other

regulatory environments.
2 References
2.1 Normative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

Referenced documents which are not found to be publicly available in the expected location might be found at

https://docbox.etsi.org/Reference.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are necessary for the application of the present document.

[1] ISO 639-1:2002: "Codes for the representation of names of languages -- Part 1: Alpha-2 code".

[2] IETF RFC 3739: "Internet X.509 Public Key Infrastructure: Qualified Certificates Profile".

[3] Recommendation ITU-T X.680-X.683: "Information technology - Abstract Syntax Notation One

(ASN.1)".
[4] ISO 4217: "Codes for the representation of currencies".
[5] IETF RFC 2818: "HTTP Over TLS".

[6] ISO 3166-1: "Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions --

Part 1: Country codes".
2.2 Informative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are not necessary for the application of the present document but they assist the

user with regard to a particular subject area.

[i.1] ETSI EN 319 412-1: "Electronic Signatures and Infrastructures (ESI); Certificate Profiles; Part 1:

Overview and common data structures".

[i.2] ETSI EN 319 412-2: "Electronic Signatures and Infrastructures (ESI); Certificate Profiles; Part 2:

Certificate Profile for certificates issued to natural persons".
ETSI
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SIST EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1:2020
7 ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1 (2020-04)

[i.3] Directive 1999/93/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 December 1999 on a

Community framework for electronic signatures.
[i.4] ETSI TS 101 862: "Qualified Certificate profile".

[i.5] ETSI EN 319 412-3: "Electronic Signatures and Infrastructures (ESI); Certificate Profiles; Part 3:

Certificate Profile for certificates issued to legal persons".

[i.6] ETSI EN 319 412-4: "Electronic Signatures and Infrastructures (ESI); Certificate Profiles; Part 4:

Certificate profile for web site certificates".

[i.7] Recommendation ITU-T X.509 | ISO/IEC 9594-8: "Information technology - Open systems

interconnection - The Directory: Public-key and attribute certificate frameworks".

[i.8] Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council on electronic

identification and trust services for electronic transactions in the internal market and repealing

Directive 1999/93/EC.

[i.9] IETF RFC 5280: "Internet X.509 Public Key Infrastructure Certificate and Certificate Revocation

List (CRL) Profile".

[i.10] ETSI EN 319 411-1: "Electronic Signatures and Infrastructures (ESI); Policy and security

requirements for Trust Service Providers issuing certificates; Part 1: General requirements".

[i.11] CA/Browser Forum: "Baseline Requirements for the Issuance and Management of Publicly-

Trusted Certificates".

[i.12] CA/Browser Forum: "Guidelines for The Issuance and Management of Extended Validation

Certificates".
3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations
3.1 Terms

For the purposes of the present document, the terms given in ETSI EN 319 412-1 [i.1] and the following apply:

EU qualified certificate: qualified certificate that is stated to be in accordance with Annex I, III or IV of the Regulation

(EU) No 910/2014 [i.8] or Annex I of the Directive 1999/93/EC [i.3] whichever is in force at the time of issuance

QCStatement: statement for inclusion in a qcStatements certificates extension as specified in IETF RFC 3739 [2]

qualified electronic signature/seal creation device: As specified in Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 [i.8].

secure signature creation device: As specified in Directive 1999/93/EC [i.3].
3.2 Symbols
Void.
3.3 Abbreviations
For the purposes of the present document, the following abbreviations apply:
ASN.1 Abstract Syntax Notation One
CA Certification Authority
CRL Certificate Revocation List
EC European Commission
EU European Union
IETF Internet Engineering Task Force
ISO International Organization for Standardization
ETSI
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SIST EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1:2020
8 ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1 (2020-04)
PDS PKI Disclosure Statements
PKI Public Key Infrastructure
QC Qualified Certificate
QSCD Qualified electronic Signature/Seal Creation Device
RFC Request For Comments
URL Uniform Resource Locator
4 Qualified certificate statements
4.1 General requirements

The qcStatements extension shall be as specified in clause 3.2.6 of IETF RFC 3739 [2]. The qcStatements

extension shall not be marked as critical.

The following clauses define a number of individual QCStatements to be included in the qcStatements

extension.

The syntax of the defined statements shall comply with ASN.1 [3]. The complete ASN.1 module for all defined

statements shall be as provided in Annex B; it takes precedence over the ASN.1 definitions provided in the body of the

present document, in case of discrepancy.

NOTE: This extension is not processed as part of IETF RFC 5280 [i.9] path validation and there are no security

implications with accepting a certificate in a system that cannot parse this extension.

4.2 QCStatements claiming compliance with specific
legislation
4.2.1 QCStatement claiming that the certificate is a EU qualified
certificate or a certificate being qualified within a defined legal
framework from an identified country or set of countries
This Qcstatement claims:

i) either that the certificate is an EU qualified certificate that is issued according to Directive 1999/93/EC [i.3] or

the Annex I, III or IV of the Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 [i.8] whichever is in force at the time of issuance;

ii) that the certificate is a certificate that is issued as qualified within a defined legal framework from an identified

country or set of countries.
Syntax:
esi4-qcStatement-1 QC-STATEMENT ::= { IDENTIFIED BY id-etsi-qcs-QcCompliance }
id-etsi-qcs-QcCompliance OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-etsi-qcs 1 }
The precise meaning of this statement is enhanced by:
a) the QC type statement defined in clause 4.2.3 according to table 1; and
b) the QcCClegislation statement defined in clause 4.2.4 according to table 1A.
ETSI
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SIST EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1:2020
9 ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1 (2020-04)
Table 1: esi4-qcStatement-1 meaning
QC type statement Meaning of this statement (esi4-qcStatement-1)
(esi4-qcStatement-6)

Absent The certificate is issued for electronic signatures according to Directive 1999/93/EC [i.3] or to

Annex I of the Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 [i.8], or in accordance with another regulatory

environment which use electronic signature with the same meaning.
Present The certificate is issued:

• either according to Annex I, III or IV of Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 [i.8] as of the

types declared by the QC type statement in accordance with clause 4.2.3; or

• according to another regulatory environment which use electronic signature, electronic

seal or web site authentication with the same meaning.
Table 1A: esi4-qcStatement-1 meaning
QcCClegislation statement Meaning of this statement (esi4-qcStatement-1)
(esi4-qcStatement-7)

Absent The certificate is issued in accordance with Directive 1999/93/EC [i.3] or with Regulation

(EU) No 910/2014 [i.8].

Present The certificate is issued in accordance with the regulatory environment in application in

the country or set of countries identified by the country code declared by the
QcCClegislation statement in accordance with clause 4.2.4.

A certificate that includes the esi4-qcStatement-1 statement with the aim to declare that it is an EU qualified certificate

that is issued according to Directive 1999/93/EC [i.3] or the Annex I, III or IV of the Regulation (EU)

No 910/2014 [i.8] whichever is in force at the time of issuance:
a) shall not include the QcCClegislation statement; and
b) shall comply with all requirements defined in clause 5.
4.2.2 QCStatement claiming that the private key related to the certified
public key resides in a QSCD

This Qcstatement declares that the private key related to the certified public key resides in a Qualified

Signature/Seal Creation Device (QSCD) according to the Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 [i.8] or a secure signature

creation device as defined in the Directive 1999/93/EC [i.3].
Syntax:
esi4-qcStatement-4 QC-STATEMENT ::= { IDENTIFIED BY id-etsi-qcs-QcSSCD }
id-etsi-qcs-QcSSCD OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-etsi-qcs 4 }
4.2.3 QCStatement claiming that the certificate is a certificate of a
particular type

This QCStatement declares that a certificate is issued as one and only one of the purposes of electronic signature,

electronic seal or web site authentication.

When used in combination with the qcStatement as defined in clause 4.2.1, this QCStatement states that a qualified

certificate, within a specific legislative context, such as Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 [i.8], is issued as one and only

one of the purposes of electronic signature, electronic seal or web site authentication.

When not used in combination with the qcStatement as defined in clause 4.2.1, it indicates that a certificate is issued as

one and only one of the purposes of electronic signatures, seals or web site authentication for "non-qualified

certificates" within a legislative context, which may be indicated by the qcStatement defined in clause 4.2.4.

EXAMPLE: This QCStatement states that an EU qualified certificate is issued as one specific types according

to Annexes I, III or IV of the Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 [i.8] when used in combination with

the qcStatement as defined in clause 4.2.1 without the qcStatement defined in clause 4.2.4.

ETSI
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SIST EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1:2020
10 ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1 (2020-04)
Syntax:
esi4-qcStatement-6 QC-STATEMENT ::= { SYNTAX QcType IDENTIFIED
BY id-etsi-qcs-QcType }
id-etsi-qcs-QcType OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-etsi-qcs 6 }

QcType::= SEQUENCE OF OBJECT IDENTIFIER (id-etsi-qct-esign | id-etsi-qct-eseal |

id-etsi-qct-web, ...)
-- QC type identifiers
id-etsi-qct-esign OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-etsi-qcs-QcType 1 }

-- Certificate for electronic signatures as defined in Regulation (EU) No 910/2014

id-etsi-qct-eseal OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-etsi-qcs-QcType 2 }
-- Certificate for electronic seals as defined in Regulation (EU) No 910/2014
id-etsi-qct-web OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-etsi-qcs-QcType 3 }

-- Certificate for website authentication as defined in Regulation (EU) No 910/2014

4.2.4 QcStatement stating the country or set of countries under the
legislation of which the certificate is issued as a qualified certificate

This QCStatement identifies the country or set of countries under the legislation of which the certificate is issued as a

qualified certificate.

It shall not be present when the certificate is issued according to Directive 1999/93/EC [i.3] or the Regulation (EU)

No 910/2014 [i.8].
Syntax:

esi4-qcStatement-7 QC-STATEMENT ::= { SYNTAX QcCClegislation IDENTIFIED BY id-etsi-qcs-

QcCClegislation }
id-etsi-qcs-QcCClegislation OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-etsi-qcs 7 }
QcCClegislation ::= SEQUENCE OF CountryName

CountryName ::= PrintableString (SIZE (2)) (CONSTRAINED BY { -- ISO 3166-1 [6] alpha-2 codes only

-- })
4.3 Generic QCStatements
4.3.1 Introduction

QCStatements defined in the following clauses may be used with any applicable regulatory framework.

4.3.2 QCStatement regarding limits on the value of transactions

This QCStatement declares a limitation on the value of transaction for which a certificate can be used.

Syntax:
esi4-qcStatement-2 QC-STATEMENT ::= { SYNTAX QcEuLimitValue IDENTIFIED
BY id-etsi-qcs-QcLimitValue }
QcEuLimitValue ::= MonetaryValue
MonetaryValue::= SEQUENCE {
currency Iso4217CurrencyCode,
amount INTEGER,
exponent INTEGER}
-- value = amount * 10^exponent
Iso4217CurrencyCode ::= CHOICE {
alphabetic PrintableString (SIZE (3)), -- Recommended
numeric INTEGER (1..999) }
-- Alphabetic or numeric currency code as defined in ISO 4217
-- It is recommended that the Alphabetic form is used
id-etsi-qcs-QcLimitValue OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-etsi-qcs 2 }

The currency codes shall be as defined in ISO 4217 [4]. The alphabetic form should be used.

ETSI
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SIST EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1:2020
11 ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1 (2020-04)

NOTE 1: This QCStatement was aimed at supporting Directive 1999/93/EC [i.3] which declared that qualified

certificates could declare "limits on the value of transactions for which the certificate can be used, if

applicable". The definition of EU qualified certificates according to the Regulation (EU)

No 910/2014 [i.8] does not include any requirements on such declaration.

NOTE 2: It is outside the scope of this QCStatement to define how CA liability is affected by inclusion of this

QCStatement. Relying parties can consult the certificate policy for further understanding of the

implications of this statement.
4.3.3 QCStatement indicating the duration of the retention period of
material information

Reliance on qualified certificates can depend on the existence of external information retained by the CA.

This QCStatement declares a retention period for material information relevant to the use of and reliance on a

certificate, expressed as a number of years after the expiry date of the certificate.

Syntax:
esi4-qcStatement-3 QC-STATEMENT ::= { SYNTAX QcEuRetentionPeriod IDENTIFIED
BY id-etsi-qcs-QcRetentionPeriod }
QcEuRetentionPeriod ::= INTEGER
id-etsi-qcs-QcRetentionPeriod OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-etsi-qcs 3 }

NOTE: A significant aspect for an EU qualified certificate is that the Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 [i.8] allows

name forms in certificates, such as pseudonyms, which can require assistance from the CA or a relevant

name registration authority, in order to identify the associated physical person in case of a dispute.

4.3.4 QCStatement regarding location of PKI Disclosure Statements
(PDS)

This QCStatement holds URLs to PKI Disclosure Statements (PDS) in accordance with Annex A of ETSI

EN 319 411-1 [i.10].
Syntax:
esi4-qcStatement-5 QC-STATEMENT ::= { SYNTAX QcEuPDS IDENTIFIED
BY id-etsi-qcs-QcPDS }
QcEuPDS ::= PdsLocations
PdsLocations ::= SEQUENCE SIZE (1..MAX) OF PdsLocation
PdsLocation::= SEQUENCE {
url IA5String,
language PrintableString (SIZE(2))} --ISO 639-1 language code
id-etsi-qcs-QcPDS OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-etsi-qcs 5 }
The language shall be as defined in ISO 639-1 [1].

Referenced PKI Disclosure Statements should be structured according to Annex A of ETSI EN 319 411-1 [i.10].

The signature of the certificate does not cover the content of the PDS and hence does not protect the integrity of the

PDS which can change over time. End users trust in the accuracy of a PDS is therefore based on the mechanisms used

to protect the authenticity of the PDS. As a minimum, a URL to a PDS provided in this statement shall use the "https"

(https://) scheme, IETF RFC 2818 [5].
ETSI
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SIST EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1:2020
12 ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1 (2020-04)
5 Requirements on QCStatements in EU qualified
certificates
EU qualified certificates shall include QCStatements in accordance with table 2.

The column "Presence" contains the specification of the presence of the statement as f

...

ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1 (2020-04)
EUROPEAN STANDARD
Electronic Signatures and Infrastructures (ESI);
Certificate Profiles;
Part 5: QCStatements
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
2 ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1 (2020-04)
Reference
REN/ESI-0019412-5v231
Keywords
e-commerce, electronic signature, security,
trust services
ETSI
650 Route des Lucioles
F-06921 Sophia Antipolis Cedex - FRANCE
Tel.: +33 4 92 94 42 00 Fax: +33 4 93 65 47 16
Siret N° 348 623 562 00017 - NAF 742 C
Association à but non lucratif enregistrée à la
Sous-Préfecture de Grasse (06) N° 7803/88
Important notice
The present document can be downloaded from:
http://www.etsi.org/standards-search

The present document may be made available in electronic versions and/or in print. The content of any electronic and/or

print versions of the present document shall not be modified without the prior written authorization of ETSI. In case of any

existing or perceived difference in contents between such versions and/or in print, the prevailing version of an ETSI

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© ETSI 2020.
All rights reserved.

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ETSI
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3 ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1 (2020-04)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................ 4

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 4

Modal verbs terminology .................................................................................................................................... 4

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ 5

1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 6

2 References ................................................................................................................................................ 6

2.1 Normative references ......................................................................................................................................... 6

2.2 Informative references ........................................................................................................................................ 6

3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations ....................................................................................... 7

3.1 Terms .................................................................................................................................................................. 7

3.2 Symbols .............................................................................................................................................................. 7

3.3 Abbreviations ..................................................................................................................................................... 7

4 Qualified certificate statements ................................................................................................................ 8

4.1 General requirements ......................................................................................................................................... 8

4.2 QCStatements claiming compliance with specific legislation ...................................................................... 8

4.2.1 QCStatement claiming that the certificate is a EU qualified certificate or a certificate being

qualified within a defined legal framework from an identified country or set of countries .......................... 8

4.2.2 QCStatement claiming that the private key related to the certified public key resides in a QSCD .......... 9

4.2.3 QCStatement claiming that the certificate is a certificate of a particular type ......................................... 9

4.2.4 QcStatement stating the country or set of countries under the legislation of which the certificate is

issued as a qualified certificate ................................................................................................................... 10

4.3 Generic QCStatements ................................................................................................................................ 10

4.3.1 Introduction................................................................................................................................................. 10

4.3.2 QCStatement regarding limits on the value of transactions ................................................................... 10

4.3.3 QCStatement indicating the duration of the retention period of material information ........................... 11

4.3.4 QCStatement regarding location of PKI Disclosure Statements (PDS) ................................................. 11

5 Requirements on QCStatements in EU qualified certificates .......................................................... 12

Annex A (informative): Relationship with the Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 .................................. 13

A.1 EU qualified certificates for electronic signatures ................................................................................. 13

A.2 EU qualified certificates for electronic seals .......................................................................................... 14

A.3 EU qualified certificates for website authentication .............................................................................. 15

Annex B (normative): ASN.1 declarations......................................................................................... 16

Annex C (informative): Change History .............................................................................................. 18

History .............................................................................................................................................................. 19

ETSI
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4 ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1 (2020-04)
Intellectual Property Rights
Essential patents

IPRs essential or potentially essential to normative deliverables may have been declared to ETSI. The information

pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, is publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be found

in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to ETSI in

respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the ETSI Web

server (https://ipr.etsi.org/).

Pursuant to the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation, including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee

can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web

server) which are, or may be, or may become, essential to the present document.
Trademarks

The present document may include trademarks and/or tradenames which are asserted and/or registered by their owners.

ETSI claims no ownership of these except for any which are indicated as being the property of ETSI, and conveys no

right to use or reproduce any trademark and/or tradename. Mention of those trademarks in the present document does

not constitute an endorsement by ETSI of products, services or organizations associated with those trademarks.

Foreword

This European Standard (EN) has been produced by ETSI Technical Committee Electronic Signatures and

Infrastructures (ESI).

The present document is part 5 of multi-part deliverable covering the Certificate Profiles. Full details of the entire series

can be found in part 1 [i.1].
The present document was previously published as ETSI TS 101 862 [i.4].
National transposition dates
Date of adoption of this EN: 8 April 2020
Date of latest announcement of this EN (doa): 31 July 2020
Date of latest publication of new National Standard
or endorsement of this EN (dop/e): 31 January 2021
Date of withdrawal of any conflicting National Standard (dow): 31 January 2021
Modal verbs terminology

In the present document "shall", "shall not", "should", "should not", "may", "need not", "will", "will not", "can" and

"cannot" are to be interpreted as described in clause 3.2 of the ETSI Drafting Rules (Verbal forms for the expression of

provisions).

"must" and "must not" are NOT allowed in ETSI deliverables except when used in direct citation.

ETSI
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5 ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1 (2020-04)
Introduction

ITU and ISO issued standards for certification of public keys in Recommendation ITU-T X.509 | ISO/IEC 9594-8 [i.7]

which are used for the security of communications and data for a wide range of electronic applications.

The IETF qualified certificate profile, IETF RFC 3739 [2] defines an extension to X.509 certificates, the

qcStatements extension, which can include statements relevant for qualified certificates. IETF RFC 3739 [2]

defines qualified certificates in a general context as "a certificate whose primary purpose is to identify a person with a

high level of assurance, where the certificate meets some qualification requirements defined by an applicable legal

framework". The use of IETF RFC 3739 [2] qcStatements in the present document goes beyond the scope of the

RFC which is directed at natural persons only.

The qcStatements certificate extension can contain any statement by the certificate issuer that can be useful to the

relying party in determining the applicability of the certificate for an intended usage. Such statement can be a

declaration that the certificate fulfils specific legal requirements for qualified certificates according to a defined legal

framework.

The present document is aiming to meet the general requirements of the international community to provide trust and

confidence in electronic transactions including, amongst others, applicable requirements from Regulation (EU)

No 910/2014 [i.8] Annexes I, III and IV.
ETSI
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6 ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1 (2020-04)
1 Scope

The present document defines specific QCStatement for the qcStatements extension as defined in IETF

RFC 3739 [2], clause 3.2.6, including requirements for their use in EU qualified certificates. Some of these

QCStatements can be used for other forms of certificate.

The QCStatements defined in the present document can be used in combination with any certificate profile, either

defined in ETSI EN 319 412-2 [i.2], ETSI EN 319 412-3 [i.5] and ETSI EN 319 412-4 [i.6], or defined elsewhere.

The QCStatements defined in clause 4.3 may be applied to regulatory environments outside the EU. Other

requirements specified in clause 4 are specific to Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 [i.8] but may be adapted for other

regulatory environments.
2 References
2.1 Normative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

Referenced documents which are not found to be publicly available in the expected location might be found at

https://docbox.etsi.org/Reference.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are necessary for the application of the present document.

[1] ISO 639-1:2002: "Codes for the representation of names of languages -- Part 1: Alpha-2 code".

[2] IETF RFC 3739: "Internet X.509 Public Key Infrastructure: Qualified Certificates Profile".

[3] Recommendation ITU-T X.680-X.683: "Information technology - Abstract Syntax Notation One

(ASN.1)".
[4] ISO 4217: "Codes for the representation of currencies".
[5] IETF RFC 2818: "HTTP Over TLS".

[6] ISO 3166-1: "Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions --

Part 1: Country codes".
2.2 Informative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are not necessary for the application of the present document but they assist the

user with regard to a particular subject area.

[i.1] ETSI EN 319 412-1: "Electronic Signatures and Infrastructures (ESI); Certificate Profiles; Part 1:

Overview and common data structures".

[i.2] ETSI EN 319 412-2: "Electronic Signatures and Infrastructures (ESI); Certificate Profiles; Part 2:

Certificate Profile for certificates issued to natural persons".
ETSI
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7 ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1 (2020-04)

[i.3] Directive 1999/93/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 December 1999 on a

Community framework for electronic signatures.
[i.4] ETSI TS 101 862: "Qualified Certificate profile".

[i.5] ETSI EN 319 412-3: "Electronic Signatures and Infrastructures (ESI); Certificate Profiles; Part 3:

Certificate Profile for certificates issued to legal persons".

[i.6] ETSI EN 319 412-4: "Electronic Signatures and Infrastructures (ESI); Certificate Profiles; Part 4:

Certificate profile for web site certificates".

[i.7] Recommendation ITU-T X.509 | ISO/IEC 9594-8: "Information technology - Open systems

interconnection - The Directory: Public-key and attribute certificate frameworks".

[i.8] Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council on electronic

identification and trust services for electronic transactions in the internal market and repealing

Directive 1999/93/EC.

[i.9] IETF RFC 5280: "Internet X.509 Public Key Infrastructure Certificate and Certificate Revocation

List (CRL) Profile".

[i.10] ETSI EN 319 411-1: "Electronic Signatures and Infrastructures (ESI); Policy and security

requirements for Trust Service Providers issuing certificates; Part 1: General requirements".

[i.11] CA/Browser Forum: "Baseline Requirements for the Issuance and Management of Publicly-

Trusted Certificates".

[i.12] CA/Browser Forum: "Guidelines for The Issuance and Management of Extended Validation

Certificates".
3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations
3.1 Terms

For the purposes of the present document, the terms given in ETSI EN 319 412-1 [i.1] and the following apply:

EU qualified certificate: qualified certificate that is stated to be in accordance with Annex I, III or IV of the Regulation

(EU) No 910/2014 [i.8] or Annex I of the Directive 1999/93/EC [i.3] whichever is in force at the time of issuance

QCStatement: statement for inclusion in a qcStatements certificates extension as specified in IETF RFC 3739 [2]

qualified electronic signature/seal creation device: As specified in Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 [i.8].

secure signature creation device: As specified in Directive 1999/93/EC [i.3].
3.2 Symbols
Void.
3.3 Abbreviations
For the purposes of the present document, the following abbreviations apply:
ASN.1 Abstract Syntax Notation One
CA Certification Authority
CRL Certificate Revocation List
EC European Commission
EU European Union
IETF Internet Engineering Task Force
ISO International Organization for Standardization
ETSI
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8 ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1 (2020-04)
PDS PKI Disclosure Statements
PKI Public Key Infrastructure
QC Qualified Certificate
QSCD Qualified electronic Signature/Seal Creation Device
RFC Request For Comments
URL Uniform Resource Locator
4 Qualified certificate statements
4.1 General requirements

The qcStatements extension shall be as specified in clause 3.2.6 of IETF RFC 3739 [2]. The qcStatements

extension shall not be marked as critical.

The following clauses define a number of individual QCStatements to be included in the qcStatements

extension.

The syntax of the defined statements shall comply with ASN.1 [3]. The complete ASN.1 module for all defined

statements shall be as provided in Annex B; it takes precedence over the ASN.1 definitions provided in the body of the

present document, in case of discrepancy.

NOTE: This extension is not processed as part of IETF RFC 5280 [i.9] path validation and there are no security

implications with accepting a certificate in a system that cannot parse this extension.

4.2 QCStatements claiming compliance with specific
legislation
4.2.1 QCStatement claiming that the certificate is a EU qualified
certificate or a certificate being qualified within a defined legal
framework from an identified country or set of countries
This Qcstatement claims:

i) either that the certificate is an EU qualified certificate that is issued according to Directive 1999/93/EC [i.3] or

the Annex I, III or IV of the Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 [i.8] whichever is in force at the time of issuance;

ii) that the certificate is a certificate that is issued as qualified within a defined legal framework from an identified

country or set of countries.
Syntax:
esi4-qcStatement-1 QC-STATEMENT ::= { IDENTIFIED BY id-etsi-qcs-QcCompliance }
id-etsi-qcs-QcCompliance OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-etsi-qcs 1 }
The precise meaning of this statement is enhanced by:
a) the QC type statement defined in clause 4.2.3 according to table 1; and
b) the QcCClegislation statement defined in clause 4.2.4 according to table 1A.
ETSI
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9 ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1 (2020-04)
Table 1: esi4-qcStatement-1 meaning
QC type statement Meaning of this statement (esi4-qcStatement-1)
(esi4-qcStatement-6)

Absent The certificate is issued for electronic signatures according to Directive 1999/93/EC [i.3] or to

Annex I of the Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 [i.8], or in accordance with another regulatory

environment which use electronic signature with the same meaning.
Present The certificate is issued:

• either according to Annex I, III or IV of Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 [i.8] as of the

types declared by the QC type statement in accordance with clause 4.2.3; or

• according to another regulatory environment which use electronic signature, electronic

seal or web site authentication with the same meaning.
Table 1A: esi4-qcStatement-1 meaning
QcCClegislation statement Meaning of this statement (esi4-qcStatement-1)
(esi4-qcStatement-7)

Absent The certificate is issued in accordance with Directive 1999/93/EC [i.3] or with Regulation

(EU) No 910/2014 [i.8].

Present The certificate is issued in accordance with the regulatory environment in application in

the country or set of countries identified by the country code declared by the
QcCClegislation statement in accordance with clause 4.2.4.

A certificate that includes the esi4-qcStatement-1 statement with the aim to declare that it is an EU qualified certificate

that is issued according to Directive 1999/93/EC [i.3] or the Annex I, III or IV of the Regulation (EU)

No 910/2014 [i.8] whichever is in force at the time of issuance:
a) shall not include the QcCClegislation statement; and
b) shall comply with all requirements defined in clause 5.
4.2.2 QCStatement claiming that the private key related to the certified
public key resides in a QSCD

This Qcstatement declares that the private key related to the certified public key resides in a Qualified

Signature/Seal Creation Device (QSCD) according to the Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 [i.8] or a secure signature

creation device as defined in the Directive 1999/93/EC [i.3].
Syntax:
esi4-qcStatement-4 QC-STATEMENT ::= { IDENTIFIED BY id-etsi-qcs-QcSSCD }
id-etsi-qcs-QcSSCD OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-etsi-qcs 4 }
4.2.3 QCStatement claiming that the certificate is a certificate of a
particular type

This QCStatement declares that a certificate is issued as one and only one of the purposes of electronic signature,

electronic seal or web site authentication.

When used in combination with the qcStatement as defined in clause 4.2.1, this QCStatement states that a qualified

certificate, within a specific legislative context, such as Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 [i.8], is issued as one and only

one of the purposes of electronic signature, electronic seal or web site authentication.

When not used in combination with the qcStatement as defined in clause 4.2.1, it indicates that a certificate is issued as

one and only one of the purposes of electronic signatures, seals or web site authentication for "non-qualified

certificates" within a legislative context, which may be indicated by the qcStatement defined in clause 4.2.4.

EXAMPLE: This QCStatement states that an EU qualified certificate is issued as one specific types according

to Annexes I, III or IV of the Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 [i.8] when used in combination with

the qcStatement as defined in clause 4.2.1 without the qcStatement defined in clause 4.2.4.

ETSI
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10 ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1 (2020-04)
Syntax:
esi4-qcStatement-6 QC-STATEMENT ::= { SYNTAX QcType IDENTIFIED
BY id-etsi-qcs-QcType }
id-etsi-qcs-QcType OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-etsi-qcs 6 }

QcType::= SEQUENCE OF OBJECT IDENTIFIER (id-etsi-qct-esign | id-etsi-qct-eseal |

id-etsi-qct-web, ...)
-- QC type identifiers
id-etsi-qct-esign OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-etsi-qcs-QcType 1 }

-- Certificate for electronic signatures as defined in Regulation (EU) No 910/2014

id-etsi-qct-eseal OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-etsi-qcs-QcType 2 }
-- Certificate for electronic seals as defined in Regulation (EU) No 910/2014
id-etsi-qct-web OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-etsi-qcs-QcType 3 }

-- Certificate for website authentication as defined in Regulation (EU) No 910/2014

4.2.4 QcStatement stating the country or set of countries under the
legislation of which the certificate is issued as a qualified certificate

This QCStatement identifies the country or set of countries under the legislation of which the certificate is issued as a

qualified certificate.

It shall not be present when the certificate is issued according to Directive 1999/93/EC [i.3] or the Regulation (EU)

No 910/2014 [i.8].
Syntax:

esi4-qcStatement-7 QC-STATEMENT ::= { SYNTAX QcCClegislation IDENTIFIED BY id-etsi-qcs-

QcCClegislation }
id-etsi-qcs-QcCClegislation OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-etsi-qcs 7 }
QcCClegislation ::= SEQUENCE OF CountryName

CountryName ::= PrintableString (SIZE (2)) (CONSTRAINED BY { -- ISO 3166-1 [6] alpha-2 codes only

-- })
4.3 Generic QCStatements
4.3.1 Introduction

QCStatements defined in the following clauses may be used with any applicable regulatory framework.

4.3.2 QCStatement regarding limits on the value of transactions

This QCStatement declares a limitation on the value of transaction for which a certificate can be used.

Syntax:
esi4-qcStatement-2 QC-STATEMENT ::= { SYNTAX QcEuLimitValue IDENTIFIED
BY id-etsi-qcs-QcLimitValue }
QcEuLimitValue ::= MonetaryValue
MonetaryValue::= SEQUENCE {
currency Iso4217CurrencyCode,
amount INTEGER,
exponent INTEGER}
-- value = amount * 10^exponent
Iso4217CurrencyCode ::= CHOICE {
alphabetic PrintableString (SIZE (3)), -- Recommended
numeric INTEGER (1..999) }
-- Alphabetic or numeric currency code as defined in ISO 4217
-- It is recommended that the Alphabetic form is used
id-etsi-qcs-QcLimitValue OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-etsi-qcs 2 }

The currency codes shall be as defined in ISO 4217 [4]. The alphabetic form should be used.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
11 ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1 (2020-04)

NOTE 1: This QCStatement was aimed at supporting Directive 1999/93/EC [i.3] which declared that qualified

certificates could declare "limits on the value of transactions for which the certificate can be used, if

applicable". The definition of EU qualified certificates according to the Regulation (EU)

No 910/2014 [i.8] does not include any requirements on such declaration.

NOTE 2: It is outside the scope of this QCStatement to define how CA liability is affected by inclusion of this

QCStatement. Relying parties can consult the certificate policy for further understanding of the

implications of this statement.
4.3.3 QCStatement indicating the duration of the retention period of
material information

Reliance on qualified certificates can depend on the existence of external information retained by the CA.

This QCStatement declares a retention period for material information relevant to the use of and reliance on a

certificate, expressed as a number of years after the expiry date of the certificate.

Syntax:
esi4-qcStatement-3 QC-STATEMENT ::= { SYNTAX QcEuRetentionPeriod IDENTIFIED
BY id-etsi-qcs-QcRetentionPeriod }
QcEuRetentionPeriod ::= INTEGER
id-etsi-qcs-QcRetentionPeriod OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-etsi-qcs 3 }

NOTE: A significant aspect for an EU qualified certificate is that the Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 [i.8] allows

name forms in certificates, such as pseudonyms, which can require assistance from the CA or a relevant

name registration authority, in order to identify the associated physical person in case of a dispute.

4.3.4 QCStatement regarding location of PKI Disclosure Statements
(PDS)

This QCStatement holds URLs to PKI Disclosure Statements (PDS) in accordance with Annex A of ETSI

EN 319 411-1 [i.10].
Syntax:
esi4-qcStatement-5 QC-STATEMENT ::= { SYNTAX QcEuPDS IDENTIFIED
BY id-etsi-qcs-QcPDS }
QcEuPDS ::= PdsLocations
PdsLocations ::= SEQUENCE SIZE (1..MAX) OF PdsLocation
PdsLocation::= SEQUENCE {
url IA5String,
language PrintableString (SIZE(2))} --ISO 639-1 language code
id-etsi-qcs-QcPDS OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-etsi-qcs 5 }
The language shall be as defined in ISO 639-1 [1].

Referenced PKI Disclosure Statements should be structured according to Annex A of ETSI EN 319 411-1 [i.10].

The signature of the certificate does not cover the content of the PDS and hence does not protect the integrity of the

PDS which can change over time. End users trust in the accuracy of a PDS is therefore based on the mechanisms used

to protect the authenticity of the PDS. As a minimum, a URL to a PDS provided in this statement shall use the "https"

(https://) scheme, IETF RFC 2818 [5].
ETSI
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12 ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.3.1 (2020-04)
5 Requirements on QCStatements in EU qualified
certificates
EU qualified certificates shall include QCStatements in accordance with table 2.

The column "Presence" contains the specification of the presence of the statement as follows:

• M: Mandatory. The statement shall be present.
• O: Optional. The statement may be present.
• X: Forbidden. The statement shall not be present.
Table 2: Requirements on QCStatements
QCStatement
Clause Presence Additional requirements
esi4-qcStatement-1
4.2.1 M
esi4-qcStatement-7
4.2.4 X
esi4-qcStatement-4
4.2.2 O When the certificate is issued as a certificate where the private key
related to the certified public key resides in a qualified signature/seal
creation device in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 [i.8]
or in a secure signature creation device as defined in Directive
1999/93/EC [i.3], this statement shall be present.
esi4-qcStatement-6
4.2.3 O When the certificate is issued in accordance with Annex III or
Annex IV of Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 [i.8], this statement shall
be present.
esi4-qcStatement-2
4.3.2 O
esi4-qcStatement-3
4.3.3 O
esi4-qcStatement-5
4.3.4 O a) it shall provide at least one URL to a PDS in English. Other PDS
documents in other languages may be referenced using this
QCStatement provided that they provide information
...

Draft ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.2.3 (2020-01)
EUROPEAN STANDARD
Electronic Signatures and Infrastructures (ESI);
Certificate Profiles;
Part 5: QCStatements
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
2 Draft ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.2.3 (2020-01)
Reference
REN/ESI-0019412-5v231
Keywords
e-commerce, electronic signature, security,
trust services
ETSI
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Users of the present document should be aware that the document may be subject to revision or change of status.

Information on the current status of this and other ETSI documents is available at

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If you find errors in the present document, please send your comment to one of the following services:

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Copyright Notification

No part may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying

and microfilm except as authorized by written permission of ETSI.

The content of the PDF version shall not be modified without the written authorization of ETSI.

The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.
© ETSI 2020.
All rights reserved.

DECT™, PLUGTESTS™, UMTS™ and the ETSI logo are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members.

3GPP™ and LTE™ are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and

of the 3GPP Organizational Partners.

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of the oneM2M Partners.
GSM and the GSM logo are trademarks registered and owned by the GSM Association.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
3 Draft ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.2.3 (2020-01)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................ 4

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 4

Modal verbs terminology .................................................................................................................................... 4

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ 5

1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 6

2 References ................................................................................................................................................ 6

2.1 Normative references ......................................................................................................................................... 6

2.2 Informative references ........................................................................................................................................ 6

3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations ....................................................................................... 7

3.1 Terms .................................................................................................................................................................. 7

3.2 Symbols .............................................................................................................................................................. 7

3.3 Abbreviations ..................................................................................................................................................... 7

4 Qualified certificate statements ................................................................................................................ 8

4.1 General requirements ......................................................................................................................................... 8

4.2 QCStatements claiming compliance with specific legislation ...................................................................... 8

4.2.1 QCStatement claiming that the certificate is a EU qualified certificate or a certificate being

qualified within a defined legal framework from an identified country or set of countries .......................... 8

4.2.2 QCStatement claiming that the private key related to the certified public key resides in a QSCD .......... 9

4.2.3 QCStatement claiming that the certificate is a certificate of a particular type ......................................... 9

4.2.4 QcStatement stating the country or set of countries under the legislation of which the certificate is

issued as a qualified certificate ................................................................................................................... 10

4.3 Generic QCStatements ................................................................................................................................ 10

4.3.1 Introduction................................................................................................................................................. 10

4.3.2 QCStatement regarding limits on the value of transactions ................................................................... 10

4.3.3 QCStatement indicating the duration of the retention period of material information ........................... 11

4.3.4 QCStatement regarding location of PKI Disclosure Statements (PDS) ................................................. 11

5 Requirements on QCStatements in EU qualified certificates .......................................................... 12

Annex A (informative): Relationship with the Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 .................................. 13

A.1 EU qualified certificates for electronic signatures ................................................................................. 13

A.2 EU qualified certificates for electronic seals .......................................................................................... 14

A.3 EU qualified certificates for website authentication .............................................................................. 15

Annex B (normative): ASN.1 declarations......................................................................................... 16

Annex C (informative): Change History .............................................................................................. 18

History .............................................................................................................................................................. 19

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4 Draft ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.2.3 (2020-01)
Intellectual Property Rights
Essential patents

IPRs essential or potentially essential to normative deliverables may have been declared to ETSI. The information

pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, is publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be found

in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to ETSI in

respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the ETSI Web

server (https://ipr.etsi.org/).

Pursuant to the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation, including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee

can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web

server) which are, or may be, or may become, essential to the present document.
Trademarks

The present document may include trademarks and/or tradenames which are asserted and/or registered by their owners.

ETSI claims no ownership of these except for any which are indicated as being the property of ETSI, and conveys no

right to use or reproduce any trademark and/or tradename. Mention of those trademarks in the present document does

not constitute an endorsement by ETSI of products, services or organizations associated with those trademarks.

Foreword

This draft European Standard (EN) has been produced by ETSI Technical Committee Electronic Signatures and

Infrastructures (ESI), and is now submitted for the combined Public Enquiry and Vote phase of the ETSI standards EN

Approval Procedure.

The present document is part 5 of multi-part deliverable covering the Certificates Profiles. Full details of the entire

series can be found in part 1 [i.1].
The present document was previously published as ETSI TS 101 862 [i.4].
Proposed national transposition dates
Date of latest announcement of this EN (doa): 3 months after ETSI publication
Date of latest publication of new National Standard
or endorsement of this EN (dop/e): 6 months after doa

Date of withdrawal of any conflicting National Standard (dow): 6 months after doa

Modal verbs terminology

In the present document "shall", "shall not", "should", "should not", "may", "need not", "will", "will not", "can" and

"cannot" are to be interpreted as described in clause 3.2 of the ETSI Drafting Rules (Verbal forms for the expression of

provisions).

"must" and "must not" are NOT allowed in ETSI deliverables except when used in direct citation.

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5 Draft ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.2.3 (2020-01)
Introduction

ITU and ISO issued standards for certification of public keys in Recommendation ITU-T X.509 | ISO/IEC 9594-8 [i.7]

which are used for the security of communications and data for a wide range of electronic applications.

The IETF qualified certificate profile, IETF RFC 3739 [2] defines an extension to X.509 certificates, the

qcStatements extension, which can include statements relevant for qualified certificates. IETF RFC 3739 [2]

defines qualified certificates in a general context as "a certificate whose primary purpose is to identify a person with a

high level of assurance, where the certificate meets some qualification requirements defined by an applicable legal

framework". The use of IETF RFC 3739 [2] qcStatements in the present document goes beyond the scope of the

RFC which is directed at natural persons only.

The qcStatements certificate extension can contain any statement by the certificate issuer that can be useful to the

relying party in determining the applicability of the certificate for an intended usage. Such statement can be a

declaration that the certificate fulfils specific legal requirements for qualified certificates according to a defined legal

framework.

The present document is aiming to meet the general requirements of the international community to provide trust and

confidence in electronic transactions including, amongst others, applicable requirements from Regulation (EU)

No 910/2014 [i.8] Annexes I, III and IV.
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6 Draft ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.2.3 (2020-01)
1 Scope

The present document defines specific QCStatement for the qcStatements extension as defined in IETF

RFC 3739 [2], clause 3.2.6, including requirements for their use in EU qualified certificates. Some of these

QCStatements can be used for other forms of certificate.

The QCStatements defined in the present document can be used in combination with any certificate profile, either

defined in ETSI EN 319 412-2 [i.2], ETSI EN 319 412-3 [i.5] and ETSI EN 319 412-4 [i.6], or defined elsewhere.

The QCStatements defined in clause 4.3 may be applied to regulatory environments outside the EU. Other

requirements specified in clause 4 are specific to Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 [i.8] but may be adapted for other

regulatory environments.
2 References
2.1 Normative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

Referenced documents which are not found to be publicly available in the expected location might be found at

https://docbox.etsi.org/Reference.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are necessary for the application of the present document.

[1] ISO 639-1:2002: "Codes for the representation of names of languages -- Part 1: Alpha-2 code".

[2] IETF RFC 3739: "Internet X.509 Public Key Infrastructure: Qualified Certificates Profile".

[3] Recommendation ITU-T X.680-X.683: "Information technology - Abstract Syntax Notation One

(ASN.1)".
[4] ISO 4217: "Codes for the representation of currencies".
[5] IETF RFC 2818: "HTTP Over TLS".

[6] ISO 3166-1: "Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions --

Part 1: Country codes".
2.2 Informative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are not necessary for the application of the present document but they assist the

user with regard to a particular subject area.

[i.1] ETSI EN 319 412-1: "Electronic Signatures and Infrastructures (ESI); Certificate Profiles; Part 1:

Overview and common data structures".

[i.2] ETSI EN 319 412-2: "Electronic Signatures and Infrastructures (ESI); Certificate Profiles; Part 2:

Certificate Profile for certificates issued to natural persons".
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7 Draft ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.2.3 (2020-01)

[i.3] Directive 1999/93/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 December 1999 on a

Community framework for electronic signatures.
[i.4] ETSI TS 101 862: "Qualified Certificate profile".

[i.5] ETSI EN 319 412-3: "Electronic Signatures and Infrastructures (ESI); Certificate Profiles; Part 3:

Certificate Profile for certificates issued to legal persons".

[i.6] ETSI EN 319 412-4: "Electronic Signatures and Infrastructures (ESI); Certificate Profiles; Part 4:

Certificate profile for web site certificates".

[i.7] Recommendation ITU-T X.509 | ISO/IEC 9594-8: "Information technology - Open systems

interconnection - The Directory: Public-key and attribute certificate frameworks".

[i.8] Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council on electronic

identification and trust services for electronic transactions in the internal market and repealing

Directive 1999/93/EC.

[i.9] IETF RFC 5280: "Internet X.509 Public Key Infrastructure Certificate and Certificate Revocation

List (CRL) Profile".

[i.10] ETSI EN 319 411-1: "Electronic Signatures and Infrastructures (ESI); Policy and security

requirements for Trust Service Providers issuing certificates; Part 1: General requirements".

[i.11] CA/Browser Forum: "Baseline Requirements for the Issuance and Management of Publicly-

Trusted Certificates".

[i.12] CA/Browser Forum: "Guidelines for The Issuance and Management of Extended Validation

Certificates".
3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations
3.1 Terms

For the purposes of the present document, the terms given in ETSI EN 319 412-1 [i.1] and the following apply:

EU qualified certificate: qualified certificate that is stated to be in accordance with Annex I, III or IV of the Regulation

(EU) No 910/2014 [i.8] or Annex I of the Directive 1999/93/EC [i.3] whichever is in force at the time of issuance

QCStatement: statement for inclusion in a qcStatements certificates extension as specified in IETF RFC 3739 [2]

qualified electronic signature/seal creation device: As specified in Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 [i.8].

secure signature creation device: As specified in Directive 1999/93/EC [i.3].
3.2 Symbols
Void.
3.3 Abbreviations
For the purposes of the present document, the following abbreviations apply:
ASN.1 Abstract Syntax Notation One
CA Certification Authority
CRL Certificate Revocation List
EC European Commission
EU European Union
IETF Internet Engineering Task Force
ISO International Organization for Standardization
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8 Draft ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.2.3 (2020-01)
PDS PKI Disclosure Statements
PKI Public Key Infrastructure
QC Qualified Certificate
QSCD Qualified electronic Signature/Seal Creation Device
RFC Request For Comments
URL Uniform Resource Locator
4 Qualified certificate statements
4.1 General requirements

The qcStatements extension shall be as specified in clause 3.2.6 of IETF RFC 3739 [2]. The qcStatements

extension shall not be marked as critical.

The following clauses define a number of individual QCStatements to be included in the qcStatements

extension.

The syntax of the defined statements shall comply with ASN.1 [3]. The complete ASN.1 module for all defined

statements shall be as provided in annex B; it takes precedence over the ASN.1 definitions provided in the body of the

present document, in case of discrepancy.

NOTE: This extension is not processed as part of IETF RFC 5280 [i.9] path validation and there are no security

implications with accepting a certificate in a system that cannot parse this extension.

4.2 QCStatements claiming compliance with specific
legislation
4.2.1 QCStatement claiming that the certificate is a EU qualified
certificate or a certificate being qualified within a defined legal
framework from an identified country or set of countries
This Qcstatement claims:

i) either that the certificate is an EU qualified certificate that is issued according to Directive 1999/93/EC [i.3] or

the Annex I, III or IV of the Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 [i.8] whichever is in force at the time of issuance;

ii) that the certificate is a certificate that is issued as qualified within a defined legal framework from an identified

country or set of countries.
Syntax:
esi4-qcStatement-1 QC-STATEMENT ::= { IDENTIFIED BY id-etsi-qcs-QcCompliance }
id-etsi-qcs-QcCompliance OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-etsi-qcs 1 }
The precise meaning of this statement is enhanced by:
a) the QC type statement defined in clause 4.2.3 according to table 1; and
b) the QcCClegislation statement defined in clause 4.2.4 according to table 1A.
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9 Draft ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.2.3 (2020-01)
Table 1: esi4-qcStatement-1 meaning
QC type statement Meaning of this statement (esi4-qcStatement-1)
(esi4-qcStatement-6)

Absent The certificate is issued for electronic signatures according to Directive 1999/93/EC [i.3] or to

Annex I of the Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 [i.8], or in accordance with another regulatory

environment which use electronic signature with the same meaning.
Present The certificate is issued:

• either according to Annex I, III or IV of Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 [i.8] as of the

types declared by the QC type statement in accordance with clause 4.2.3; or

• according to another regulatory environment which use electronic signature, electronic

seal or web site authentication with the same meaning.
Table 1A: esi4-qcStatement-1 meaning
QcCClegislation statement Meaning of this statement (esi4-qcStatement-1)
(esi4-qcStatement-7)

Absent The certificate is issued in accordance with Directive 1999/93/EC [i.3] or with Regulation

(EU) No 910/2014 [i.8].

Present The certificate is issued in accordance with the regulatory environment in application in

the country or set of countries identified by the country code declared by the
QcCClegislation statement in accordance with clause 4.2.4.

A certificate that includes the esi4-qcStatement-1 statement with the aim to declare that it is an EU qualified certificate

that is issued according to Directive 1999/93/EC [i.3] or the Annex I, III or IV of the Regulation (EU)

No 910/2014 [i.8] whichever is in force at the time of issuance:
a) shall not include the QcCClegislation statement; and
b) shall comply with all requirements defined in clause 5.
4.2.2 QCStatement claiming that the private key related to the certified
public key resides in a QSCD

This Qcstatement declares that the private key related to the certified public key resides in a Qualified

Signature/Seal Creation Device (QSCD) according to the Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 [i.8] or a secure signature

creation device as defined in the Directive 1999/93/EC [i.3].
Syntax:
esi4-qcStatement-4 QC-STATEMENT ::= { IDENTIFIED BY id-etsi-qcs-QcSSCD }
id-etsi-qcs-QcSSCD OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-etsi-qcs 4 }
4.2.3 QCStatement claiming that the certificate is a certificate of a
particular type

This QCStatement declares that a certificate is issued as one and only one of the purposes of electronic signature,

electronic seal or web site authentication.

When used in combination with the qcStatement as defined in clause 4.2.1, this QCStatement states that a qualified

certificate, within a specific legislative context, such as Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 [i.8], is issued as one and only

one of the purposes of electronic signature, electronic seal or web site authentication.

When not used in combination with the qcStatement as defined in clause 4.2.1, it indicates that a certificate is issued as

one and only one of the purposes of electronic signatures, seals or web site authentication for "non-qualified

certificates" within a legislative context, which may be indicated by the qcStatement defined in clause 4.2.4.

EXAMPLE: This QCStatement states that an EU qualified certificate is issued as one specific types according

to Annexes I, III or IV of the Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 [i.8] when used in combination with

the qcStatement as defined in clause 4.2.1 without the qcStatement defined in clause 4.2.4.

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10 Draft ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.2.3 (2020-01)
Syntax:
esi4-qcStatement-6 QC-STATEMENT ::= { SYNTAX QcType IDENTIFIED
BY id-etsi-qcs-QcType }
id-etsi-qcs-QcType OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-etsi-qcs 6 }

QcType::= SEQUENCE OF OBJECT IDENTIFIER (id-etsi-qct-esign | id-etsi-qct-eseal |

id-etsi-qct-web, ...)
-- QC type identifiers
id-etsi-qct-esign OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-etsi-qcs-QcType 1 }

-- Certificate for electronic signatures as defined in Regulation (EU) No 910/2014

id-etsi-qct-eseal OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-etsi-qcs-QcType 2 }
-- Certificate for electronic seals as defined in Regulation (EU) No 910/2014
id-etsi-qct-web OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-etsi-qcs-QcType 3 }

-- Certificate for website authentication as defined in Regulation (EU) No 910/2014

4.2.4 QcStatement stating the country or set of countries under the
legislation of which the certificate is issued as a qualified certificate

This QCStatement identifies the country or set of countries under the legislation of which the certificate is issued as a

qualified certificate.

It shall not be present when the certificate is issued according to Directive 1999/93/EC [i.3] or the Regulation (EU)

No 910/2014 [i.8].
Syntax:

esi4-qcStatement-7 QC-STATEMENT ::= { SYNTAX QcCClegislation IDENTIFIED BY id-etsi-qcs-

QcCClegislation }
id-etsi-qcs-QcCClegislation OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-etsi-qcs 7 }
QcCClegislation ::= SEQUENCE OF CountryName

CountryName ::= PrintableString (SIZE (2)) (CONSTRAINED BY { -- ISO 3166-1 [6] alpha-2 codes only

-- })
4.3 Generic QCStatements
4.3.1 Introduction

QCStatements defined in the following clauses may be used with any applicable regulatory framework.

4.3.2 QCStatement regarding limits on the value of transactions

This QCStatement declares a limitation on the value of transaction for which a certificate can be used.

Syntax:
esi4-qcStatement-2 QC-STATEMENT ::= { SYNTAX QcEuLimitValue IDENTIFIED
BY id-etsi-qcs-QcLimitValue }
QcEuLimitValue ::= MonetaryValue
MonetaryValue::= SEQUENCE {
currency Iso4217CurrencyCode,
amount INTEGER,
exponent INTEGER}
-- value = amount * 10^exponent
Iso4217CurrencyCode ::= CHOICE {
alphabetic PrintableString (SIZE (3)), -- Recommended
numeric INTEGER (1..999) }
-- Alphabetic or numeric currency code as defined in ISO 4217
-- It is recommended that the Alphabetic form is used
id-etsi-qcs-QcLimitValue OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-etsi-qcs 2 }

The currency codes shall be as defined in ISO 4217 [4]. The alphabetic form should be used.

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11 Draft ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.2.3 (2020-01)

NOTE 1: This QCStatement was aimed at supporting Directive 1999/93/EC [i.3] which declared that qualified

certificates could declare "limits on the value of transactions for which the certificate can be used, if

applicable". The definition of EU qualified certificates according to the Regulation (EU)

No 910/2014 [i.8] does not include any requirements on such declaration.

NOTE 2: It is outside the scope of this QCStatement to define how CA liability is affected by inclusion of this

QCStatement. Relying parties can consult the certificate policy for further understanding of the

implications of this statement.
4.3.3 QCStatement indicating the duration of the retention period of
material information

Reliance on qualified certificates can depend on the existence of external information retained by the CA.

This QCStatement declares a retention period for material information relevant to the use of and reliance on a

certificate, expressed as a number of years after the expiry date of the certificate.

Syntax:
esi4-qcStatement-3 QC-STATEMENT ::= { SYNTAX QcEuRetentionPeriod IDENTIFIED
BY id-etsi-qcs-QcRetentionPeriod }
QcEuRetentionPeriod ::= INTEGER
id-etsi-qcs-QcRetentionPeriod OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-etsi-qcs 3 }

NOTE: A significant aspect for an EU qualified certificate is that the Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 [i.8] allows

name forms in certificates, such as pseudonyms, which can require assistance from the CA or a relevant

name registration authority, in order to identify the associated physical person in case of a dispute.

4.3.4 QCStatement regarding location of PKI Disclosure Statements
(PDS)

This QCStatement holds URLs to PKI Disclosure Statements (PDS) in accordance with Annex A of ETSI

EN 319 411-1 [i.10].
Syntax:
esi4-qcStatement-5 QC-STATEMENT ::= { SYNTAX QcEuPDS IDENTIFIED
BY id-etsi-qcs-QcPDS }
QcEuPDS ::= PdsLocations
PdsLocations ::= SEQUENCE SIZE (1..MAX) OF PdsLocation
PdsLocation::= SEQUENCE {
url IA5String,
language PrintableString (SIZE(2))} --ISO 639-1 language code
id-etsi-qcs-QcPDS OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-etsi-qcs 5 }
The language shall be as defined in ISO 639-1 [1].

Referenced PKI Disclosure Statements should be structured according to Annex A of ETSI EN 319 411-1 [i.10].

The signature of the certificate does not cover the content of the PDS and hence does not protect the integrity of the

PDS which can change over time. End users trust in the accuracy of a PDS is therefore based on the mechanisms used

to protect the authenticity of the PDS. As a minimum, a URL to a PDS provided in this statement shall use the "https"

(https://) scheme, IETF RFC 2818 [5].
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12 Draft ETSI EN 319 412-5 V2.2.3 (2020-01)
5 Requirements on QCStatements in EU qualified
certificates
EU qualified certificates shall include QCStatements in accordance with table 2.

The column "Presence" contains the specification of the presence of the statement as follows:

• M: Mandatory. The statement shall be present.
• O: Optional. The statement may be present.
• X: Forbidden. The statement shall not be present.
Table 2: Requirements on QCStatements
QCStatement
Clause Presence Additional requirements
esi4-qcStatement-1
4.2.1 M
esi4-qcStatement-7
4.2.4 X
esi4-qcStatement-4
4.2.2 O When the certificate is issued as a certificate where the private key
related to the certified public key resides in a qualified signature/seal
creation device in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 [i.8]
or in a secure signature creation device as defined in Directive
1999/93/EC [i.3], this statement shall be present.
esi4-qcStatement-6
4.2.3 O When the certificate is issued in accordance with Annex III or
Annex IV of Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 [i.8], this statement shall
be present.
esi4-qcStatement-2
4.3.2 O
esi4-qcStatement-3
4.3.3 O
esi4-qcStatement-5
4.3.4 O a) it
...

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