Information technology — AT Attachment — Part 103: ATA/ATAPI Command Set - 3 (ACS-3)

This document specifies the command set host systems use to access storage devices. It provides a common command set for systems manufacturers, system integrators, software suppliers, and suppliers of intelligent storage devices. This document maintains compatibility with the ACS-2 standard, ISO/IEC 17760-102, while providing additional functions.

Titre manque — Partie 103: Titre manque

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Status
Published
Publication Date
29-Jun-2021
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
30-Jun-2021
Completion Date
30-Jun-2021
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ISO/IEC 17760-103
Edition 1.0 2021-06
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
colour
inside
Information technology – AT attachment –
Part 103: ATA/ATAPI Command Set - 3 (ACS-3)
ISO/IEC 17760-103:2021-06(en)
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
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---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 17760-103
Edition 1.0 2021-06
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
colour
inside
Information technology – AT attachment –
Part 103: ATA/ATAPI Command Set - 3 (ACS-3)
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
ICS 35.200 ISBN 978-2-8322-9827-5

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

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2 ISO/IEC 17760-103:2021 © ISO/IEC 2021
CONTENTS

FOREWORD....................................................................................................................................................... 16

INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................................................ 18

1 Scope ............................................................................................................................................................... 20

2 Normative references ....................................................................................................................................... 20

3 Terms, definitions, abbreviations, and conventions ......................................................................................... 21

3.1 Terms and definitions .......................................................................................................................... 21

3.2 Symbols and abbreviations.................................................................................................................. 30

3.2.1 Abbreviations ............................................................................................................................ 30

3.2.2 Units: ......................................................................................................................................... 31

3.2.3 Mathematical operators: ............................................................................................................ 31

3.2.4 Other Symbols .......................................................................................................................... 31

3.3 Conventions......................................................................................................................................... 31

3.3.1 Overview ................................................................................................................................... 31

3.3.2 Precedence ............................................................................................................................... 32

3.3.3 Lists ........................................................................................................................................... 32

3.3.4 Keywords .................................................................................................................................. 33

3.3.5 Numbering ................................................................................................................................. 34

3.3.6 Bit conventions .......................................................................................................................... 35

3.3.7 Number range convention ......................................................................................................... 35

3.3.8 State diagram conventions ........................................................................................................ 35

3.3.9 Byte, word, DWord, QWord, and DQWord Relationships ......................................................... 37

3.3.10 ATA string convention ............................................................................................................... 38

3.3.11 Offset Convention ..................................................................................................................... 39

4 Feature set definitions ...................................................................................................................................... 40

4.1 Overview.............................................................................................................................................. 40

4.1.1 Feature set summary ................................................................................................................ 40

4.1.2 Capacity reporting ..................................................................................................................... 41

4.2 General feature set ............................................................................................................................. 42

4.3 The PACKET feature set ..................................................................................................................... 42

4.3.1 Overview ................................................................................................................................... 42

4.3.2 Identification of PACKET feature set devices ........................................................................... 43

4.3.3 Signature for ATAPI devices ..................................................................................................... 43

4.3.4 The PACKET command ............................................................................................................ 43

4.4 48-bit Address feature set.................................................................................................................... 43

4.5 Accessible Max Address Configuration feature set ............................................................................. 44

4.5.1 Overview ................................................................................................................................... 44

4.5.2 SET ACCESSIBLE MAX ADDRESS EXT description .............................................................. 44

4.5.3 Device Statistics data ................................................................................................................ 44

4.6 Advanced Power Management (APM) feature set .............................................................................. 44

4.7 CompactFlash Association (CFA) feature set...................................................................................... 45

4.8 Device Statistics Notification (DSN) feature set................................................................................... 45

4.8.1 Overview ................................................................................................................................... 45

4.8.2 DSN notifications ....................................................................................................................... 46

4.8.3 DSN notifications setup ............................................................................................................. 46

4.9 Extended Power Conditions (EPC) feature set.................................................................................... 47

4.9.1 Overview ................................................................................................................................... 47

4.9.2 Power conditions ....................................................................................................................... 47

4.9.3 Power condition timers .............................................................................................................. 47

4.9.4 Interaction with resets, commands, and other features if the EPC feature set is enabled ........ 48

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ISO/IEC 17760-103:2021 © ISO/IEC 2021 3

4.10 Free-fall Control feature set ................................................................................................................. 49

4.11 General Purpose Logging (GPL) feature set ....................................................................................... 49

4.12 Long Logical Sector (LLS) feature set ................................................................................................. 50

4.13 Long Physical Sector (LPS) feature set............................................................................................... 51

4.14 Native Command Queuing (NCQ) feature set ..................................................................................... 53

4.14.1 Overview ................................................................................................................................... 53

4.14.2 Priority ....................................................................................................................................... 54

4.14.3 Unload with NCQ commands outstanding ................................................................................ 54

4.14.4 Command Phases ..................................................................................................................... 54

4.15 Power Management feature set........................................................................................................... 55

4.15.1 Overview ................................................................................................................................... 55

4.15.2 Power management commands ...............................................................................................55

4.15.3 Standby timer ............................................................................................................................ 56

4.15.4 Power Management states and transitions ............................................................................... 57

4.16 Power-Up In Standby (PUIS) feature set............................................................................................. 60

4.16.1 Overview ................................................................................................................................... 60

4.16.2 Interactions with IDENTIFY DEVICE and IDENTIFY PACKET DEVICE commands ................ 60

4.16.3 PUIS feature set device spin-up subcommand ......................................................................... 60

4.17 Sanitize Device feature set .................................................................................................................. 61

4.17.1 Overview ................................................................................................................................... 61

4.17.2 Sanitize operation scope ........................................................................................................... 61

4.17.3 Sanitize commands ................................................................................................................... 61

4.17.4 Sanitize operations .................................................................................................................... 61

4.17.5 Command processing during sanitize operations ..................................................................... 62

4.17.6 Sanitize Operation Completed Without Error value .................................................................. 62

4.17.7 Failure Mode Policy value ......................................................................................................... 62

4.17.8 Sanitize Antifreeze value ........................................................................................................... 63

4.17.9 Sanitize Device state machine .................................................................................................. 63

4.18 Security feature set.............................................................................................................................. 66

4.18.1 Overview ................................................................................................................................... 66

4.18.2 Disabling and enabling the Security feature set ........................................................................ 66

4.18.3 Passwords ................................................................................................................................. 66

4.18.4 Master password capability ....................................................................................................... 67

4.18.5 Frozen mode ............................................................................................................................. 67

4.18.6 Commands ................................................................................................................................ 67

4.18.7 Security initial setting ................................................................................................................ 67

4.18.8 Password Rules ........................................................................................................................ 67

4.18.9 Password attempt counter and SECURITY COUNT EXPIRED bit .................................................... 68

4.18.10 Master Password Identifier feature ........................................................................................... 68

4.18.11 Security states ........................................................................................................................... 69

4.19 Self-Monitoring, Analysis, and Reporting Technology (SMART) feature set ....................................... 78

4.19.1 Overview ................................................................................................................................... 78

4.19.2 Device SMART data structure ................................................................................................... 78

4.19.3 Background data collection ....................................................................................................... 78

4.19.4 Off-line/Captive mode data collection ....................................................................................... 78

4.19.5 Threshold exceeded condition .................................................................................................. 79

4.19.6 SMART feature set commands ................................................................................................. 79

4.19.7 SMART operation with power management modes .................................................................. 79

4.19.8 SMART device error log reporting ............................................................................................. 79

4.20 Sense Data Reporting feature set ....................................................................................................... 79

4.21 Software Settings Preservation (SSP) feature set............................................................................... 80

4.22 SATA Hardware Feature Control......................................................................................................... 81

4.23 Streaming feature set .......................................................................................................................... 82

4.23.1 Streaming feature set overview ................................................................................................. 82

4.23.2 Streaming commands ............................................................................................................... 82

4.24 Trusted Computing feature set ............................................................................................................ 83

4.25 Write-Read-Verify feature set .............................................................................................................. 84

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4 ISO/IEC 17760-103:2021 © ISO/IEC 2021

5 ATA protocols .................................................................................................................................................. 85

6 Normal and Error Output field descriptions ...................................................................................................... 86

6.1 Overview.............................................................................................................................................. 86

6.2 STATUS field.......................................................................................................................................... 86

6.2.1 Overview ................................................................................................................................... 86

6.2.2 ALIGNMENT ERROR bit ................................................................................................................. 86

6.2.3 BUSY bit ...................................................................................................................................... 87

6.2.4 CHECK CONDITION bit .................................................................................................................. 87

6.2.5 DATA REQUEST bit ....................................................................................................................... 87

6.2.6 DEFERRED WRITE ERROR bit ........................................................................................................ 87

6.2.7 DEVICE FAULT bit ......................................................................................................................... 87

6.2.8 DEVICE READY bit ........................................................................................................................ 87

6.2.9 ERROR bit ................................................................................................................................... 87

6.2.10 SENSE DATA AVAILABLE bit .......................................................................................................... 88

6.2.11 STREAM ERROR bit ...................................................................................................................... 88

6.2.12 Transport Dependent bits and fields ......................................................................................... 88

6.3 ERROR field........................................................................................................................................... 89

6.3.1 Overview ................................................................................................................................... 89

6.3.2 ABORT bit ................................................................................................................................... 89

6.3.3 COMMAND COMPLETION TIME OUT bit ........................................................................................... 89

6.3.4 END OF MEDIA bit ........................................................................................................................ 89

6.3.5 ID NOT FOUND bit ........................................................................................................................ 89

6.3.6 ILLEGAL LENGTH INDICATOR bit .................................................................................................... 90

6.3.7 INTERFACE CRC bit ...................................................................................................................... 90

6.3.8 SENSE KEY field .......................................................................................................................... 90

6.3.9 UNCORRECTABLE ERROR bit ........................................................................................................ 90

6.4 INTERRUPT REASON field........................................................................................................................ 90

6.4.1 Overview ................................................................................................................................... 90

6.4.2 COMMAND/DATA bit ..................................................................................................................... 90

6.4.3 INPUT/OUTPUT bit ........................................................................................................................ 90

6.5 COUNT field ........................................................................................................................................... 90

6.5.1 Overview ................................................................................................................................... 90

6.5.2 Contiguous stream logical sectors that contain potentially bad data ........................................ 90

6.5.3 NCQ Tag ................................................................................................................................... 91

6.6 SACTIVE field......................................................................................................................................... 91

6.7 SATA STATUS field ................................................................................................................................. 91

6.8 LBA field................................................................................................................................................ 91

6.8.1 Overview ................................................................................................................................... 91

6.8.2 LBA of First Unrecoverable Error .............................................................................................. 91

7 Command descriptions .................................................................................................................................... 92

7.1 Command description introduction ...................................................................................................... 92

7.1.1 Overview ................................................................................................................................... 92

7.1.10 Command Code Usage ............................................................................................................. 96

7.2 Accessible Max Address Configuration .............................................................................................. 97

7.2.1 Accessible Max Address Configuration overview ..................................................................... 97

7.2.2 GET NATIVE MAX ADDRESS EXT – 78h/0000h, Non-Data ................................................... 97

7.2.3 SET ACCESSIBLE MAX ADDRESS EXT – 78h/0001h, Non-Data ........................................... 98

7.2.4 FREEZE ACCESSIBLE MAX ADDRESS EXT – 78h/0002h, Non-Data.................................... 99

7.3 CHECK POWER MODE – E5h, Non-Data ....................................................................................... 100

7.4 CONFIGURE STREAM – 51h, Non-Data ......................................................................................... 101

7.5 DATA SET MANAGEMENT – 06h, DMA .......................................................................................... 103

7.6 DEVICE RESET – 08h, Device Reset .............................................................................................. 106

7.7 DOWNLOAD MICROCODE – 92h, PIO Data-Out/Non-Data ........................................................... 107

7.8 DOWNLOAD MICROCODE DMA – 93h, DMA ................................................................................ 120

7.9 EXECUTE DEVICE DIAGNOSTIC – 90h, Execute Device Diagnostic ............................................ 121

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ISO/IEC 17760-103:2021 © ISO/IEC 2021 5

7.10 FLUSH CACHE – E7h, Non-Data ..................................................................................................... 123

7.11 FLUSH CACHE EXT – EAh, Non-Data ............................................................................................ 124

7.12 IDENTIFY DEVICE – ECh, PIO Data-In ........................................................................................... 125

7.13 IDENTIFY PACKET DEVICE – A1h, PIO Data-In ............................................................................ 162

7.14 IDLE – E3h, Non-Data ...................................................................................................................... 182

7.15 IDLE IMMEDIATE – E1h, Non-Data ................................................................................................. 184

7.16 NCQ QUEUE MANAGEMENT – 63h, Non-Data .............................................................................. 186

7.16.8 ABORT NCQ QUEUE – 63h/0h, Non-Data.............................................................................. 188

7.16.9 DEADLINE HANDLING – 63h/1h, Non-Data ........................................................................... 191

7.17 NOP – 00h, Non-Data ....................................................................................................................... 194

7.18 PACKET – A0h, Packet .................................................................................................................... 195

7.19 READ BUFFER – E4h, PIO Data-In ................................................................................................. 198

7.20 READ BUFFER DMA – E9h, DMA ................................................................................................... 199

7.21 READ DMA – C8h, DMA .................................................................................................................. 200

7.22 READ DMA EXT – 25h, DMA ........................................................................................................... 201

7.23 READ FPDMA QUEUED – 60h, DMA Queued ................................................................................ 202

7.24 READ LOG EXT – 2Fh, PIO Data-In ................................................................................................ 204

7.25 READ LOG DMA EXT – 47h, DMA .................................................................................................. 206

7.26 READ MULTIPLE – C4h, PIO Data-In .............................................................................................. 207

7.27 READ MULTIPLE EXT – 29h, PIO Data-In ...................................................................................... 208

7.28 READ SECTOR(S) – 20h, PIO Data-In ............................................................................................ 209

7.29 READ SECTOR(S) EXT – 24h, PIO Data-In .................................................................................... 210

7.30 READ STREAM DMA EXT – 2Ah, DMA ........................................................................................... 211

7.31 READ STREAM EXT – 2Bh, PIO Data-In ........................................................................................ 214

7.32 READ VERIFY SECTOR(S) – 40h, Non-Data .................................................................................. 215

7.33 READ VERIFY SECTOR(S) EXT – 42h, Non-Data .......................................

...

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