Mining — Vocabulary — Part 5: Drilling and blasting

This document specifies the drilling and blasting terms commonly used in mining. Only those terms that have a specific meaning in this field are included.

Exploitation minière — Vocabulaire — Partie 5: Forage et abattage à l'explosif

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Publication Date
Technical Committee
Drafting Committee
Current Stage
9092 - International Standard to be revised
Completion Date
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ISO 22932-5:2023 - Mining — Vocabulary — Part 5: Drilling and blasting Released:8. 06. 2023
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STANDARD 22932-5
First edition
Mining — Vocabulary —
Part 5:
Drilling and blasting
Exploitation minière — Vocabulaire —
Partie 5: Forage et abattage à l'explosif
Reference number
© ISO 2023
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Contents Page
Foreword .iv
Introduction .v
1 Scope . 1
2 Normative references . 1
3 Terms and definitions . 1
3.1 Rock drilling concepts . 1
3.2 Rock drilling technologies . 3
3.3 Bore holes, bench and cuttings . 4
3.4 Hole properties . 5
3.5 Rock reinforcement methods . 5
3.6 Hand-held machines . 6
3.7 Equipment mainly for hand-held machines . 7
3.8 Rigs. 8
3.9 Support components and systems . 9
3.10 Rock drilling and rock reinforcement units . 10
3.11 Drill bits . 11
3.12 Chuck .13
3.13 Drill string . 13
3.14 Rod and bit handling systems . 16
3.15 Rock support components . 16
3.16 Movement and force . . 17
3.17 Drill rig winch and hoist . 19
3.18 Flushing . 19
3.19 Drill dust suppression .20
3.20 Rock drill rig operator station .20
3.21 Rock drill rig operation modes .22
3.22 Charging loading - explosive loading . 22
3.23 Cuts . 25
3.24 Detonation . 27
3.25 Explosive .29
3.26 Primer .34
3.27 Firing .34
3.28 Fuses . 36
3.29 Shotfiring . . 37
3.30 Blasting. 37
Bibliography .45
Index .47
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Mining — Vocabulary —
Part 5:
Drilling and blasting
1 Scope
This document specifies the drilling and blasting terms commonly used in mining. Only those terms
that have a specific meaning in this field are included.
2 Normative references
This document does not contain normative references.
3 Terms and definitions
ISO and IEC maintain terminology databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at https:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1 Rock drilling concepts
enlargement of a bore by pulling back a tool of a larger diameter than that previously used to form the
bench drilling
drilling (3.1.11) of blast holes (3.3.2) on benches (3.3.1) in open pit mines
blast hole drilling
drilling (3.1.11) of holes to be charged with explosive ( for blasting (
consolidation drilling
drilling (3.1.11) of long holes in the front or at an angle of the drift direction to be injected with
consolidation fluid
EXAMPLE Grout (3.15.4).
coverage area
area that the rock drill can drill from one stationary position of the rock drill rig (3.8.15)
Note 1 to entry: The coverage area depends largely on the boom (3.13.11) configuration and if of the rock drill rig,
and if there is a turn able superstructure.
Note 2 to entry: Hole deviation (3.4.8) is due to the drill bit (3.11.1) changing direction as a result of, for example,
inhomogeneity in the rock or a bent drill rod (3.13.2) is bent. Hole deviation (3.4.8) can be minimised by sturdy
drill string (3.13.1) support and proper guidance while collaring (3.3.3).
dimensional stone drilling
drilling (3.1.11) of holes for quarrying natural stone
drainage drilling
drilling (3.1.11) of drainage holes for methane or water
drilling (3.1.11), blasting ( and excavating rock to create transportation (3.16.16) and access
openings to ore bodies in an underground mining operation
drill instruction
instruction for how drilling (3.1.11) should be carried out
relative speed at which a material may be penetrated by a drill bit (3.11.1)
Note 1 to entry: High drillability denotes easy penetration at a fast rate.
[SOURCE: Reference [2]]
process by which a borehole is produced in any geological formation by rotary, rotary percussive,
percussive or thrust methods and in any predetermined direction in relation to the drill rig
[SOURCE: ISO 22475-1:2021, 3.1.5]
drilling for secondary breaking
drilling (3.1.11) of blast holes (3.3.2) in the boulders remaining after a blast
exploratory drilling
application of the mechanical engineering technology of deep drilling (3.1.11) to determine the profile
of the formation and retrieve strata samples to obtain the relevant geological parameters
[SOURCE: IWA 33-1:2019, 5.19]
face drilling
drilling (3.1.11) of blast holes (3.3.2) in the front wall at the end of a drift, rock chamber (3.22.6) or
fan drilling
long hole production drilling (3.1.17) where the holes are drilled in the same plane but at different angles,
both left and right of vertical, to form a

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