Graphic technology — Method for radius determination of printing cylinders

ISO 15341:2014 defines a method for measuring the external radius of printing cylinders, specifies critical parameters and operational instructions and provides recommendations for instrument design.

Technologie graphique — Méthode de mesure du rayon de cylindres d'impression

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9093 - International Standard confirmed
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ISO 15341:2014 - Graphic technology -- Method for radius determination of printing cylinders
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Graphic technology — Method for
radius determination of printing
Technologie graphique — Méthode de mesure du rayon de cylindres
Reference number
ISO 15341:2014(E)
ISO 2014

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ISO 15341:2014(E)

© ISO 2014
All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form
or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior
written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of
the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2014 – All rights reserved

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ISO 15341:2014(E)

Contents Page
Foreword .iv
Introduction .v
1 Scope . 1
2 Normative references . 1
3 Terms, definitions, and symbols . 1
3.1 Terms and definitions . 1
3.2 Symbols . 2
4 Measurement device . 2
4.1 Principle . 2
4.2 Apparatus . 3
4.3 Material . 3
4.4 Dimensions of critical functional parts . 4
4.5 Indicator . 4
4.6 Calibration tool . 5
5 Test procedure . 5
5.1 Calibration . 5
5.2 General measurement conditions . 6
5.3 Preliminary preparation . 6
5.4 Measurement . 6
6 Test reporting . 6
6.1 Required information . 6
6.2 Optional information . 7
Annex A (normative) Device for measuring mid-web flexography sleeves .8
Annex B (informative) Device for measuring mid-web flexography sleeves —
Technical drawings .10
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ISO 15341:2014(E)

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards
bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out
through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical
committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International
organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.
ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of
electrotechnical standardization.
The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are
described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the
different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the
editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see
Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of
patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of
any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or
on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see
Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not
constitute an endorsement.
For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity
assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical Barriers
to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information
The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 130, Graphic technology.
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ISO 15341:2014(E)

Although the external radius of the cylinders used in offset presses is fixed by the design of the printing
press, there are applications in flexography and gravure printing where the diameter of individual
cylinders is critical for the final result and has to be determined. This International Standard provides a
recommended device and procedure to accomplish such measurements.
The body of this International Standard describes the operational principles and general requirements,
including all relevant parameters necessary for the functional design. Different areas of application
are covered in different annexes. For each particular application, a normative annex contains the set
of critical parameters and a corresponding informative annex contains a set of technical drawings
to be utilized in the creation of a suitable device. Functional variables are defined in the body of this
International Standard and the aims and tolerances for each targeted application are given in the
applicable normative annex.
Standard hand-held micrometers have traditionally been used for checking and determining the
radius of printing cylinders. Because the micrometer positioning on a cylinder surface is normally
carried out by a human operator, problems with poor repeatability, low precision, and weak reliability
of the measurements have been reported. The test method and subsequent device(s) described in the
present International Standard represent a cost-efficient, reliable, and operator-independent means of
determining the radius of printing cylinders.
The normative annex included in this International Standard defines a particular methodology for
measuring the external radius of flexographic printing sleeves and the informative annex provides
guidance for the physical design of the instrument.
Sleeves are the structural, mechanical, and dimensional base of a printing forme for different web
printing methods. Flexographic printing plates are assembled/mounted on the surface of a sleeve to
create a printing forme. Dimensional variations of a sleeve radius can lead to length variations of the
printed matter that can have a direct impact on the final appearance of prints. Dimensional variations
of a sleeve radius can also have an impact on other functional properties (e.g. in the case of packaging).
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Graphic technology — Method for radius determination of
printing cylinders
1 Scope
This International Standard defines a method for measuring the external radius of printing cylinders,
specifies critical parameters and operational instructions and provides recommendations for instrument
2 Normative references
The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are
indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated
references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
ISO 1101:2004, Geometrical product specifications (GPS) — Geometrical tolerancing — Tolerances of form,
orientation, location and run-out
ISO 4287, Geometrical Product Specifications (GPS) — Surface texture: Profile method — Terms, definitions
and surface texture parameters
ISO 6507-1:2004, Metallic metarials — Vickers hardness test — Part 1: Test method
ISO 12637-1, Graphic technology — Vocabulary — Part 1: Fundamental terms
3 Terms, definitions, and symbols
3.1 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 12637-1 and the following
flexographic printing
forme-based process/method using flexible relief formes where the raised inked areas reproduce
images onto a substrate using low viscosity inks
seamless tube used to fasten printing plates to rapidly change printing forme on a press
cylindrical shaft equipped with a mechanism that allows a sleeve to be securely attached
circumference of the external surface of a printing forme when installed for printing
Note 1 to entry: Sleeves are commonly designated by their repeat.
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ISO 15341:2014(E)

printing cylinder
rotating carrying component of a printing forme structure
Note 1 to entry: A printing cylinder can either be a sleeve on a mandrel or a solid cylinder.
3.2 Symbols
For the purposes of this document, the following symbols apply.
α thermal expansion coefficient (K )
4 Measurement device
4.1 Principle
The measuring device is formed by a mechanical frame supporting two flat surfaces arranged at a
precise angle, as illustrated in Figure 1. A standard high-precision indicator (micrometer) is mounted
at the intersection of the two planes created by the previously defined surfaces, as shown in Figure 1.
The device positioning on a cylinder surface is an action physically independent of the measuring using
a dedicated frame for positioning. The cylinder radius, R, in contact with the measuring tool surface is
always at a right angle to the plane. This geometric arrangement allows for the measurement to always
be performed perpendicularly to the tangent of the cylinder surface.
η frame angle
R radius of the cylinder
h measured distance
Figure 1 — Operational principle and 3D rendering (example of a device with a 60° angle)
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ISO 15341:2014(E)

When the device is correctly calibrated, the measured distance, h, is a measure of the cylinder radius
and can be converted using a suitable formula based on the frame angle. In practice, the measured
distance, h, can be used to estimate the cylinder radius since the equality is only true if the cylinder is
perfectly round. This feature makes the device sensitive to the cylinder shape, allowing for capture of
deviations from a perfect round. For measurement of out-of-roundness, it is recommended to take at
least three measurements, rotating the cylinder by 60° between measurements.
4.2 Apparatus
Table 1 defines the critical parameters necessary for the construction of an apparatus. Aims and
tolerances for specific applications are provided in the annexes.
NOTE 1 It is intended that future editions of this International Standard will contain specific applications
beyond that included in Annex A.
Table 1 — Critical parameters
Parameter Unit
Frame angle °
Thermal expansion coefficient, α K
Total weight of assembled apparatus kg
Total width of the frame active surfaces mm
Edge radius of the frame active surfaces mm
Position of the apparatus centre of mass mm
Indicator spindle movement range mm
Calibration tool (ring) diameter mm
Located along the spindle axis, distance measured from the top of the frame.
Annex A provides information for measurement of mid-web flexographic sleeves.
NOTE 2 Annex A lists the critical parameters for a particular application, measuring mid-web flexography
sleeves having a repeat between 490 mm (radius of 77,986 mm) and 740 mm (radius of 117,775 mm).
The device shall contain a mechanism capable of assuring that, during operation, both contact lines
generated between the printing cylinder surface and the frame surfaces are parallel to the cylinder
longitudinal central axis to ensure a correct reading of the distance. The same or a complementary

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