Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for Advanced Networking (TISPAN) - NGN Functional Architecture

The present document describes the overall TISPAN NGN functional architecture, its subsystems and the relationships between them.

Zlite telekomunikacijske in internetne storitve ter protokoli za napredno omreženje (TISPAN) - Funkcijska arhitektura omrežja NGN

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
08-Oct-2009
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
23-Sep-2009
Due Date
28-Nov-2009
Completion Date
09-Oct-2009

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ETSI ES 282 001 V3.4.1 (2009-09)
ETSI Standard
Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and
Protocols for Advanced Networking (TISPAN);
NGN Functional Architecture
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
2 ETSI ES 282 001 V3.4.1 (2009-09)
Reference
RES/TISPAN-02067-NGN-R3
Keywords
architecture, functional
ETSI
650 Route des Lucioles
F-06921 Sophia Antipolis Cedex - FRANCE
Tel.: +33 4 92 94 42 00 Fax: +33 4 93 65 47 16
Siret N° 348 623 562 00017 - NAF 742 C
Association à but non lucratif enregistrée à la
Sous-Préfecture de Grasse (06) N° 7803/88
Important notice
Individual copies of the present document can be downloaded from:
http://www.etsi.org

The present document may be made available in more than one electronic version or in print. In any case of existing or

perceived difference in contents between such versions, the reference version is the Portable Document Format (PDF).

In case of dispute, the reference shall be the printing on ETSI printers of the PDF version kept on a specific network drive

within ETSI Secretariat.

Users of the present document should be aware that the document may be subject to revision or change of status.

Information on the current status of this and other ETSI documents is available at

http://portal.etsi.org/tb/status/status.asp

If you find errors in the present document, please send your comment to one of the following services:

http://portal.etsi.org/chaircor/ETSI_support.asp
Copyright Notification
No part may be reproduced except as authorized by written permission.
The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.
© European Telecommunications Standards Institute 2009.
All rights reserved.
TM TM TM TM

DECT , PLUGTESTS , UMTS , TIPHON , the TIPHON logo and the ETSI logo are Trade Marks of ETSI registered

for the benefit of its Members.

3GPP is a Trade Mark of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and of the 3GPP Organizational Partners.

LTE™ is a Trade Mark of ETSI currently being registered
for the benefit of its Members and of the 3GPP Organizational Partners.

GSM® and the GSM logo are Trade Marks registered and owned by the GSM Association.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
3 ETSI ES 282 001 V3.4.1 (2009-09)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................ 5

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 5

1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 6

2 References ................................................................................................................................................ 6

2.1 Normative references ......................................................................................................................................... 6

2.2 Informative references ........................................................................................................................................ 7

3 Definitions and abbreviations ................................................................................................................... 7

3.1 Definitions .......................................................................................................................................................... 7

3.2 Abbreviations ..................................................................................................................................................... 8

4 Overall architecture .................................................................................................................................. 9

5 Transport layer ....................................................................................................................................... 11

5.1 Transport control sublayer ................................................................................................................................ 11

5.1.1 Network Attachment SubSystem (NASS) .................................................................................................. 11

5.1.2 Resource and Admission Control Subsystem (RACS) ............................................................................... 12

5.2 Transport processing functions ......................................................................................................................... 13

5.2.1 Border Gateway Function (BGF) ................................................................................................................ 14

5.2.1A Resource Control Enforcement Function (RCEF) ...................................................................................... 15

5.2.2 Void ............................................................................................................................................................ 15

5.2.3 Access Relay Function (ARF) .................................................................................................................... 15

5.2.4 Media Gateway Function (MGF) ................................................................................................................ 15

5.2.5 Multimedia Resource Function Processor (MRFP) .................................................................................... 16

5.2.6 Signalling Gateway Function (SGF) ........................................................................................................... 16

5.2.7 Access Management Function (AMF) ........................................................................................................ 16

5.2.8 Basic Transport Function (BTF) ................................................................................................................. 16

5.2.8.1 Elementary Forwarding Function (EFF) ............................................................................................... 17

5.2.8.2 Elementary Control Function (ECF) ..................................................................................................... 17

6 Service Layer Model .............................................................................................................................. 17

6.1 The "Core" IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) ................................................................................................... 17

6.2 The PSTN/ISDN Emulation subsystem (PES) ................................................................................................. 18

6.3 The IPTV Subsystem........................................................................................................................................ 18

6.4 Void .................................................................................................................................................................. 18

6.5 Common components ....................................................................................................................................... 18

6.5.1 User Profile Server Function (UPSF) ......................................................................................................... 19

6.5.2 Subscription Locator Function (SLF) ......................................................................................................... 19

6.5.3 Application Server Function (ASF) ............................................................................................................ 19

6.5.4 Void ............................................................................................................................................................ 19

6.5.5 InterWorking Function (IWF)..................................................................................................................... 19

6A Charging and Data Collection Functions ............................................................................................... 20

7 NGN Interconnection ............................................................................................................................. 20

7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 20

7.2 Interconnection reference points and functions ................................................................................................ 21

7.2.1 Interconnection at the transport layer ......................................................................................................... 21

7.2.1.1 Transport processing sublayer ............................................................................................................... 21

7.2.1.2 NASS .................................................................................................................................................... 21

7.2.1.3 RACS .................................................................................................................................................... 22

7.2.2 Interconnection at the Service Layer .......................................................................................................... 22

7.3 NGN Interconnection types .............................................................................................................................. 23

7.3.1 SoIx in the NGN Architecture .................................................................................................................... 23

7.3.2 CoIx in the NGN Architecture .................................................................................................................... 24

7.3.3 PSTN Interconnection types ....................................................................................................................... 25

7.3.4 NGN Direct and Indirect interconnection modes ........................................................................................ 26

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
4 ETSI ES 282 001 V3.4.1 (2009-09)

8 User Equipment (UE) ............................................................................................................................. 29

8.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................................................... 29

8.2 Authentication .................................................................................................................................................. 29

8.3 Reference points ............................................................................................................................................... 30

8.3.1 Reference points to the core IMS ................................................................................................................ 30

8.3.2 Reference points to the PSTN/ISDN Emulation subsystem ....................................................................... 30

8.3.3 Reference points with applications ............................................................................................................. 31

8.3.4 Reference points with the NASS ................................................................................................................ 31

8.3.5 Reference points with the RACS ................................................................................................................ 31

8.3.6 Reference points with transport processing functions................................................................................. 31

8.3.7 Reference points with access media gateway functions.............................................................................. 31

9 Security aspects ...................................................................................................................................... 31

9.1 Security architecture ......................................................................................................................................... 31

9.2 Threat Vulnerability and Risk Analysis (TVRA) ............................................................................................. 31

9.3 Prevention of Unsolicited Communication (PUC) ........................................................................................... 31

Annex A (informative): Example of physical configuration for xDSL access ................................... 32

Annex B (informative): Transport architecture for multicast ........................................................... 33

B.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 33

B.2 Multicast Functions in Transport Plane .................................................................................................. 33

Annex C (informative): Example of physical configuration for WiMAX access .............................. 35

Annex D (informative): Change history: .............................................................................................. 36

History .............................................................................................................................................................. 37

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
5 ETSI ES 282 001 V3.4.1 (2009-09)
Intellectual Property Rights

IPRs essential or potentially essential to the present document may have been declared to ETSI. The information

pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, is publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be found

in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to ETSI in

respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the ETSI Web

server (http://webapp.etsi.org/IPR/home.asp).

Pursuant to the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation, including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee

can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web

server) which are, or may be, or may become, essential to the present document.
Foreword

This ETSI Standard (ES) has been produced by ETSI Technical Committee Telecommunications and Internet

converged Services and Protocols for Advanced Networking (TISPAN).
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
6 ETSI ES 282 001 V3.4.1 (2009-09)
1 Scope

The present document describes the overall TISPAN NGN functional architecture, its subsystems and the relationships

between them.
2 References

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific.
• For a specific reference, subsequent revisions do not apply.

• Non-specific reference may be made only to a complete document or a part thereof and only in the following

cases:

- if it is accepted that it will be possible to use all future changes of the referenced document for the

purposes of the referring document;
- for informative references.

Referenced documents which are not found to be publicly available in the expected location might be found at

http://docbox.etsi.org/Reference.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.
2.1 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of the present document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For non-specific references, the latest edition of the referenced document

(including any amendments) applies.

[1] ETSI TS 102 144: "Services and Protocols for Advanced Networks (SPAN); MTP/SCCP/SSCOP

and SIGTRAN (Transport of SS7 over IP); Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP)

[Endorsement of RFC 2960 and RFC 3309, modified]".

[2] ITU-T Recommendation Y.2011: "General principles and general reference model for next

generation networks".

[3] ETSI TS 123 002: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+); Universal Mobile

Telecommunications System (UMTS); Network architecture (3GPP TS 23.002 version 7.3.1)".

[4] ETSI TS 123 228: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+); Universal Mobile

Telecommunications System (UMTS); LTE; IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS); Stage 2
(3GPP TS 23.228)".

[5] ETSI ES 282 004: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); NGN Functional Architecture; Network Attachment
Sub-System (NASS)".

[6] ETSI ES 282 003: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); Resource and Admission Control Sub-System (RACS):
Functional Architecture".

[7] ETSI ES 282 007: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS); Functional architecture".

[8] ETSI ES 282 002: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); PSTN/ISDN Emulation Sub-system (PES); Functional
architecture".
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
7 ETSI ES 282 001 V3.4.1 (2009-09)

[9] ETSI TS 182 012: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); IMS-based PSTN/ISDN Emulation Sub-system (PES);
Functional architecture".

[10] ETSI TS 182 027: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); IPTV Architecture; IPTV functions supported by the IMS

subsystem".

[11] ETSI TS 182 028: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); IPTV Architecture; Dedicated subsystem for IPTV functions".

[12] ETSI TS 185 003: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); Customer Network Gateway (CNG) Architecture and
Reference Points".

[13] ETSI TS 185 006: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); Customer Devices architecture and Reference Points".

[14] ETSI TS 181 005: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); Service and Capability Requirements".
[15] ITU-T Recommendation G.8010: "Architecture of Ethernet layer networks".

[16] ETSI TS 182 025: " Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); Business Trunking; Architecture and functional description".

[17] ETSI TS 187 003: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); NGN Security; Security Architecture".
2.2 Informative references

The following referenced documents are not essential to the use of the present document but they assist the user with

regard to a particular subject area. For non-specific references, the latest version of the referenced document (including

any amendments) applies.

[i.1] ETSI TS 187 015: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); Specifications for PUC (Prevention of Unsolicited
Communication) in the NGN".

[i.2] ETSI TR 187 002: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); TISPAN NGN Security (NGN-SEC); Threat, Vulnerability and

Risk Analysis".

[i.3] IEEE 802.16-2004: "IEEE Standard for Local and metropolitan area networks; Part 16: Air

Interface for Fixed Broadband Wireless Access Systems".
3 Definitions and abbreviations
3.1 Definitions

For the purposes of the present document, the following terms and definitions apply:

access network: collection of network entities and interfaces that provide the underlying IP transport connectivity

between end user devices and NGN entities

core network: portion of the delivery system composed of networks, systems equipment and infrastructures,

connecting the service providers to the access network
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
8 ETSI ES 282 001 V3.4.1 (2009-09)

functional entity: entity that comprises a specific set of functions at a given location

NOTE: Functional entities are logical concepts, grouping of functional entities are used to describe practical

physical realizations.

user equipment: one or more devices allowing a user to access services delivered by TISPAN NGN networks

NOTE: This includes devices when under user control commonly referred to as IAD, ATA, RGW, TE, etc., UE

does not include network controlled entities such as network terminations and access gateways.

3.2 Abbreviations
For the purposes of the present document, the following abbreviations apply:
3GPP Third Generation Project Partnership
AMF Access Management Function
A-MGF Access Media Gateway Function
AN Access Node
ARF Access Relay Function
AS Application Server
ASF Application Server Function
ASN GW Access Service Network GateWay
ATA Analogue Terminal Adaptor
AUC AUthentication Centre
BGF Border Gateway Function
BGW Border GateWay
BNG Broadband Network Gateway
BRAS Broadband Remote Access Server
BS Base Station
BTF Basic Transport Function
C-BGF Core Border Gateway Function
CND Customer Network Device
CNG Customer Network Gateway
CPN Customer Premises Network
CSCF Call Session Control Function
DHCP Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
DSL Digital Subscriber Line
DSLAM Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer
ECF Elementary Control Function
EFF Elementary Forwarding Function
ENUM tElephone NUmber Mapping
GPON Gigabit-capable Passive Optical Network
HLR Home Location Register
HSS Home Subscriber Server
IAD Integrated Access Device
IBCF Interconnection Border Control Function
I-BGF Interconnection-Border Gateway Function
I-CSCF Interrogating-Call Session Control Function
IGMP Internet Group Management Protocol
IMS IP Multimedia Subsystem
IMS-MGW IMS-Media GateWay
IP Internet Protocol
ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network
ISUP ISDN User Part
IVR Interactive Voice Response
IWF InterWorking Function
MAC Media Access Control (layer)
MGCF Media Gateway Control Function
MGF Media Gateway Function
MLD Multicast Listener Discovery
MPLS MultiProtocol Label Switching
MRFP Multimedia Resource Function Processor
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
9 ETSI ES 282 001 V3.4.1 (2009-09)
MTP Message Transfer Part
NAPT Network Address and Port Translation
NAPT-PT NAPT and Protocol Translation
NASS Network Attachment SubSystem
NAT Network Address Translation
NGCN Next Generation Corporate Networks
NGN Next Generation Network
NNI Network to Network Interface
OLT Optical Line Termination
ONT Optical Network Termination
ONU Optical Network Unit
OSA Open Service Access
PES PSTN/ISDN Emulation Subsystem
PHY PHYsical (layer)
PIM Protocol Independent Multicast
PPP Point-to-Point Protocol
PSTN Public Switched Telephony Network
PUC Prevention of Unsolicited Communication
RACS Resource and Admission Control Subsystem
RADIUS Remote Access Dial In User Service
RCEF Resource Control Enforcement Function
RGW Residential GateWay
R-MGF Residential Media Gateway Function
SCCP Signalling Connection Control Part
SCTP Stream Control Transmission Protocol
SGCF Signalling Gateway Control Function
SGF Signalling Gateway Function
SGW Signalling GateWay
SIP Session Initiation Protocol
SLF Subscription Locator Function
TDM Time Division Multiplexing
TE Terminal Equipment
TF Transport Function
TGCF Trunking GateWay Control Function
TGW Trunking GateWay
T-MGF Trunking-Media Gateway Function
TVRA Threat Vulnerability and Risk Analysis
UE User Equipment
UPSF User Profile Server Function
WiMAX Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access
4 Overall architecture

The NGN functional architecture described in the present document complies with the ITU-T general reference model

for next generation networks [2] and is structured according to a service layer and an IP-based transport layer.

The service layer comprises the following components:
• the core IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS);
• the PSTN/ISDN Emulation Subsystem (PES);
• other multimedia subsystems (e.g. IPTV Dedicated Subsystem) and applications;

• common components (i.e. used by several subsystems) such as those required for accessing applications,

charging functions, user profile management, security management, routing data bases (e.g. ENUM), etc.

This subsystem-oriented architecture enables the addition of new subsystems over the time to cover new demands and

service classes. It also provides the ability to import (and adapt) subsystems defined by other standardization bodies.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
Other networks
User Equipment
10 ETSI ES 282 001 V3.4.1 (2009-09)

IP-connectivity is provided to NGN user equipment by the transport layer, under the control of the Network Attachment

SubSystem (NASS) and the Resource and Admission Control Subsystem (RACS). These subsystems hide the transport

technology used in access and core networks below the IP layer.

The architecture described in the present document and related subsystems specifications is a functional architecture.

Each subsystem is specified as a set of functional entities and related interfaces. As a result implementers may choose to

combine functional entities where this makes sense in the context of the business models, services and capabilities

being supported. Where functional entities are combined the interface between them is internal, is hidden and

un-testable.

Figure 1 provides an overview of the NGN architecture. An example of realization of this functional architecture, with

an xDSL-based access network is provided in annex A. An example of realization of this functional architecture, with a

WiMAX-based access network is provided in annex B.
Applications
Service Layer
Other
Subsyst ems
User
profiles
Core IMS
PSTN/ISDN
Emulat ion
Subsyst em
Transport Layer
Network
Attachment
Resource and
Subsyst em
Admission Control
Subsyst em
Transport processing functions
Figure 1: TISPAN NGN overall architecture

The functional entities that make up a subsystem may be distributed over network/service provider domains (see

figure 2). The network attachment subsystem may be distributed between a visited and a home network. Service-layer

subsystems that support nomadism may also be distributed between a visited and a home network.

Visited Network Home Network
Distributed Subsystem
Core Network Core Network
(control) (control)
Access
Core Core
Network Networks Networks
(transfer) (transfer) (transfer)
Figure 2: Distributed subsystems

This architecture supports the service capabilities and requirements identified in TS 181 005 [14].

An access network comprises an access segment and an aggregation segment (figure 2a). The access segment (also

known as "last mile segment" stretches from the customer premises to the first network node (also known as the "access

node"). The aggregation segment comprises the transport network elements enabling one or more access nodes to be

connected to a core network through an IP Edge Router, at the Di reference point.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
11 ETSI ES 282 001 V3.4.1 (2009-09)

NOTE 1: In configurations where the access segment uses the DSL technology, the aggregation segment generally

uses ATM or Giga Ethernet. The IP Edge is known as a Broadband Remote Access Server (BRAS) or

Broadband Network Gateway (BNG) and the access node is a DSLAM.

NOTE 2: In configurations where the access segment uses the GPON technology, the aggregation segment uses

Giga Ethernet. The IP Edge is known as a Broadband Network Gateway (BNG) and the functions of the

access node are distributed between the Optical Line Termination (OLT) and the Optical Network

Unit (ONU)/Optical Network Termination (ONT).
Access
IP-Edge
Transport Network Elements
Node
Access Segment Aggregation Segment
Figure 2a: Access and aggregation segments
5 Transport layer

The transport layer comprises a transport control sublayer on top of transport processing functions in the access and

core networks. Equivalent functionality in the User Equipment (UE) is defined in clause 8.

The transport control sublayer is further divided in two subsystems:
• the Network Attachment SubSystem (NASS);
• the Resource and Admission Control Subsystem (RACS).
5.1 Transport control sublayer
5.1.1 Network Attachment SubSystem (NASS)
The Network Attachment Subsystem provides the following functionalities:
• dynamic provision of IP addresses and other terminal configuration parameters;

• authentication taking place at the IP layer, prior or during the address allocation procedure;

• authorization of network access based on user profiles;
• access network configuration based on user profiles;
• location management taking place at the IP layer.

The NGN architecture does not mandate a single NASS instance to support multiple access networks. This does not

prevent operators from deploying NASS functions that are common to multiple access networks (e.g. one user profile

database common to different access networks).

NOTE: The user profiles mentioned above are related to the access subscription only.

ETSI
...

Final draft ETSI ES 282 001 V3.4.0 (2009-07)
ETSI Standard
Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and
Protocols for Advanced Networking (TISPAN);
NGN Functional Architecture
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
2 Final draft ETSI ES 282 001 V3.4.0 (2009-07)
Reference
RES/TISPAN-02067-NGN-R3
Keywords
architecture, functional
ETSI
650 Route des Lucioles
F-06921 Sophia Antipolis Cedex - FRANCE
Tel.: +33 4 92 94 42 00 Fax: +33 4 93 65 47 16
Siret N° 348 623 562 00017 - NAF 742 C
Association à but non lucratif enregistrée à la
Sous-Préfecture de Grasse (06) N° 7803/88
Important notice
Individual copies of the present document can be downloaded from:
http://www.etsi.org

The present document may be made available in more than one electronic version or in print. In any case of existing or

perceived difference in contents between such versions, the reference version is the Portable Document Format (PDF).

In case of dispute, the reference shall be the printing on ETSI printers of the PDF version kept on a specific network drive

within ETSI Secretariat.

Users of the present document should be aware that the document may be subject to revision or change of status.

Information on the current status of this and other ETSI documents is available at

http://portal.etsi.org/tb/status/status.asp

If you find errors in the present document, please send your comment to one of the following services:

http://portal.etsi.org/chaircor/ETSI_support.asp
Copyright Notification
No part may be reproduced except as authorized by written permission.
The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.
© European Telecommunications Standards Institute 2009.
All rights reserved.
TM TM TM TM

DECT , PLUGTESTS , UMTS , TIPHON , the TIPHON logo and the ETSI logo are Trade Marks of ETSI registered

for the benefit of its Members.

3GPP is a Trade Mark of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and of the 3GPP Organizational Partners.

LTE™ is a Trade Mark of ETSI currently being registered
for the benefit of its Members and of the 3GPP Organizational Partners.

GSM® and the GSM logo are Trade Marks registered and owned by the GSM Association.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
3 Final draft ETSI ES 282 001 V3.4.0 (2009-07)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights................................................................................................................................5

Foreword.............................................................................................................................................................5

1 Scope........................................................................................................................................................6

2 References................................................................................................................................................6

2.1 Normative references.........................................................................................................................................6

2.2 Informative references........................................................................................................................................7

3 Definitions and abbreviations...................................................................................................................7

3.1 Definitions..........................................................................................................................................................7

3.2 Abbreviations.....................................................................................................................................................8

4 Overall architecture ..................................................................................................................................9

5 Transport layer.......................................................................................................................................11

5.1 Transport control sublayer................................................................................................................................11

5.1.1 Network Attachment Subsystem (NASS)...................................................................................................11

5.1.2 Resource and Admission Control Subsystem (RACS) ...............................................................................12

5.2 Transport processing functions.........................................................................................................................13

5.2.1 Border Gateway Function (BGF)................................................................................................................14

5.2.1A Resource Control Enforcement Function (RCEF) ......................................................................................15

5.2.2 Void............................................................................................................................................................15

5.2.3 Access Relay Function (ARF) ....................................................................................................................15

5.2.4 Media Gateway Function (MGF)................................................................................................................15

5.2.5 Media Resource Function Processor (MRFP) ............................................................................................16

5.2.6 Signalling Gateway Function (SGF)...........................................................................................................16

5.2.7 Access Management Function (AMF)........................................................................................................16

5.2.8 Basic Transport Function (BTF).................................................................................................................16

5.2.8.1 Elementary Forwarding Function (EFF) ...............................................................................................17

5.2.8.2 Elementary Control Function (ECF) .....................................................................................................17

6 Service Layer Model ..............................................................................................................................17

6.1 The "Core" IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS)...................................................................................................17

6.2 The PSTN/ISDN Emulation subsystem (PES).................................................................................................18

6.3 The IPTV Subsystem........................................................................................................................................18

6.4 Void..................................................................................................................................................................18

6.5 Common components.......................................................................................................................................18

6.5.1 User Profile Server Function (UPSF) .........................................................................................................19

6.5.2 Subscription Locator Function (SLF) .........................................................................................................19

6.5.3 Application Server Function (ASF) ............................................................................................................19

6.5.4 Void............................................................................................................................................................19

6.5.5 Interworking Function (IWF) .....................................................................................................................19

6a Charging and Data Collection Functions ...............................................................................................20

7 NGN Interconnection .............................................................................................................................20

7.1 General.............................................................................................................................................................20

7.2 Interconnection reference points and functions................................................................................................20

7.2.1 Interconnection at the transport layer .........................................................................................................20

7.2.1.1 Transport processing sublayer...............................................................................................................20

7.2.1.2 NASS....................................................................................................................................................21

7.2.1.3 RACS ....................................................................................................................................................21

7.2.2 Interconnection at the Service Layer ..........................................................................................................22

7.3 NGN Interconnection types..............................................................................................................................23

7.3.1 SoIx in the NGN Architecture ....................................................................................................................23

7.3.2 CoIx in the NGN Architecture....................................................................................................................24

7.3.3 PSTN Interconnection types.......................................................................................................................25

7.3.4 NGN Direct and Indirect interconnection modes........................................................................................26

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
4 Final draft ETSI ES 282 001 V3.4.0 (2009-07)

8 User Equipment (UE).............................................................................................................................29

8.1 Overview ..........................................................................................................................................................29

8.2 Authentication..................................................................................................................................................29

8.3 Reference points...............................................................................................................................................30

8.3.1 Reference points to the core IMS................................................................................................................30

8.3.2 Reference points to the PSTN/ISDN Emulation subsystem .......................................................................30

8.3.3 Reference points with applications .............................................................................................................31

8.3.4 Reference points with the NASS ................................................................................................................31

8.3.5 Reference points with the RACS ................................................................................................................31

8.3.6 Reference points with transport processing functions.................................................................................31

8.3.7 Reference points with access media gateway functions..............................................................................31

9 Security aspects......................................................................................................................................31

9.1 Security architecture.........................................................................................................................................31

9.2 Threat Vulnerability and Risk Analysis (TVRA).............................................................................................31

9.3 Prevention of unsolicited communication (PUC).............................................................................................31

Annex A (informative): Example of physical configuration for xDSL access...................................32

Annex B (informative): Transport architecture for multicast ...........................................................33

B.1 Introduction............................................................................................................................................33

B.2 Multicast Functions in Transport Plane..................................................................................................33

Annex C (informative): Example of physical configuration for WiMAX access..............................35

Annex D (informative): Change history:..............................................................................................36

History ..............................................................................................................................................................37

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
5 Final draft ETSI ES 282 001 V3.4.0 (2009-07)
Intellectual Property Rights

IPRs essential or potentially essential to the present document may have been declared to ETSI. The information

pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, is publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be found

in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to ETSI in

respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the ETSI Web

server (http://webapp.etsi.org/IPR/home.asp).

Pursuant to the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation, including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee

can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web

server) which are, or may be, or may become, essential to the present document.
Foreword

This ETSI Standard (ES) has been produced by ETSI Technical Committee Telecommunications and Internet

converged Services and Protocols for Advanced Networking (TISPAN), and is now submitted for the ETSI standards

Membership Approval Procedure.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
6 Final draft ETSI ES 282 001 V3.4.0 (2009-07)
1 Scope

The present document describes the overall TISPAN NGN functional architecture, its subsystems and the relationships

between them.
2 References

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific.
• For a specific reference, subsequent revisions do not apply.

• Non-specific reference may be made only to a complete document or a part thereof and only in the following

cases:

- if it is accepted that it will be possible to use all future changes of the referenced document for the

purposes of the referring document;
- for informative references.

Referenced documents which are not found to be publicly available in the expected location might be found at

http://docbox.etsi.org/Reference.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.
2.1 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of the present document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For non-specific references, the latest edition of the referenced document

(including any amendments) applies.

[1] ETSI TS 102 144: "Services and Protocols for Advanced Networks (SPAN); MTP/SCCP/SSCOP

and SIGTRAN (Transport of SS7 over IP); Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP)

[Endorsement of RFC 2960 and RFC 3309, modified]".

[2] ITU-T Recommendation Y.2011: "General principles and general reference model for next

generation networks".

[3] ETSI TS 123 002: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+); Universal Mobile

Telecommunications System (UMTS); Network architecture (3GPP TS 23.002 version 7.3.1)".

[4] ETSI TS 123 228: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+); Universal Mobile

Telecommunications System (UMTS); LTE; IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS); Stage 2
(3GPP TS 23.228)".

[5] ETSI ES 282 004: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); NGN Functional Architecture; Network Attachment SubSystem

(NASS)".

[6] ETSI ES 282 003: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); Resource and Admission Control Sub-System (RACS):
Functional Architecture".

[7] ETSI ES 282 007: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS); Functional architecture".

[8] ETSI ES 282 002: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); PSTN/ISDN Emulation Sub-system (PES); Functional
architecture".
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
7 Final draft ETSI ES 282 001 V3.4.0 (2009-07)

[9] ETSI TS 182 012: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); IMS-based PSTN/ISDN Emulation Sub-system (PES);
Functional architecture".

[10] ETSI TS 182 027: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); IPTV Architecture; IPTV functions supported by the IMS

subsystem".

[11] ETSI TS 182 028: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); IPTV Architecture; Dedicated subsystem for IPTV functions".

[12] ETSI TS 185 003: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); Customer Network Gateway (CNG) Architecture and
Reference Points".

[13] ETSI TS 185 006: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); Customer Devices architecture and Reference Points".

[14] ETSI TS 181 005: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); Service and Capability Requirements".
[15] ITU-T Recommendation G.8010: "Architecture of Ethernet layer networks".

[16] ETSI TS 182 025: " Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); Business Trunking; Architecture and functional description".

[17] ETSI TS 187 003: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); NGN Security; Security Architecture".
2.2 Informative references

The following referenced documents are not essential to the use of the present document but they assist the user with

regard to a particular subject area. For non-specific references, the latest version of the referenced document (including

any amendments) applies.

[i.1] ETSI TS 187 015: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); Specifications for PUC (Prevention of Unsolicited
Communication) in the NGN".

[i.2] ETSI TR 187 002: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); TISPAN NGN Security (NGN-SEC); Threat, Vulnerability and

Risk Analysis".

[i.3] IEEE 802.16-2004: "IEEE Standard for Local and metropolitan area networks; Part 16: Air

Interface for Fixed Broadband Wireless Access Systems".
3 Definitions and abbreviations
3.1 Definitions

For the purposes of the present document, the following terms and definitions apply:

access network: collection of network entities and interfaces that provide the underlying IP transport connectivity

between end user devices and NGN entities

core network: portion of the delivery system composed of networks, systems equipment and infrastructures,

connecting the service providers to the access network

functional entity: entity that comprises a specific set of functions at a given location

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
8 Final draft ETSI ES 282 001 V3.4.0 (2009-07)

NOTE: Functional entities are logical concepts, grouping of functional entities are used to describe practical

physical realizations.

user equipment: one or more devices allowing a user to access services delivered by TISPAN NGN networks

NOTE: This includes devices when under user control commonly referred to as IAD, ATA, RGW, TE, etc., UE

does not include network controlled entities such as network terminations and access gateways.

3.2 Abbreviations
For the purposes of the present document, the following abbreviations apply:
3GPP Third Generation Project Partnership
AMF Access Management Function
A-MGF Access Media Gateway Function
AN Access Node
ARF Access Relay Function
AS Application Server
ASF Application Server Function
ASN GW Access Service Network GateWay
ATA Analogue Terminal Adaptor
AUC AUthentication Centre
BGF Border Gateway Function
BGW Border GateWay
BNG Broadband Network Gateway
BRAS Broadband Remote Access Server
BS Base Station
BTF Basic Transport Function
C-BGF Core Border Gateway Function
CND Customer Network Device
CNG Customer Network Gateway
CPN Customer Premises Network
CSCF Call Session Control Function
DHCP Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
DSL Digital Subscriber Line
DSLAM Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer
ECF Elementary Control Function
EFF Elementary Forwarding Function
ENUM tElephone NUmber Mapping
GPON Gigabit-capable Passive Optical Network
HLR Home Location Register
HSS Home Subscriber Server
IAD Integrated Access Device
IBCF Interconnection Border Control Function
I-BGF Interconnection-Border Gateway Function
I-CSCF Interrogating-Call Session Control Function
IGMP Internet Group Management Protocol
IMS IP Multimedia Subsystem
IMS-MGW IMS-Media GateWay
IP Internet Protocol
ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network
ISDN: Integrated Services Digital Network
ISUP ISDN User Part
IVR Interactive Voice Response
IWF InterWorking Function
MAC Media Access Control (layer)
MGCF Media Gateway Control Function
MGF Media Gateway Function
MLD Multicast Listener Discovery
MPLS MultiProtocol Label Switching
MRFP Multimedia Resource Function Processor
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
9 Final draft ETSI ES 282 001 V3.4.0 (2009-07)
MTP Message Transfer Part
NAPT Network Address and Port Translation
NAPT-PT NAPT and Protocol Translation
NASS Network Attachment SubSystem
NAT Network Address Translation
NGCN Next Generation Corporate Networks
NGN Next Generation Network
NNI Network to Network Interface
OLT Optical Line Termination
ONT Optical Network Termination
ONU Optical Network Unit
OSA Open Service Access
PES PSTN/ISDN Emulation Subsystem
PHY PHYsical (layer)
PIM Protocol Independent Multicast
PPP Point-to-Point Protocol
PSTN Public Switched Telephony Network
PUC Prevention of Unsolicited Communication
RACS Resource and Admission Control Subsystem
RADIUS Remote Access Dial In User Service
RCEF Resource Control Enforcement Function
RGW Residential GateWay
R-MGF Residential Media Gateway Function
SCCP Signalling Connection Control Part
SCTP Stream Control Transmission Protocol
SGCF Signalling Gateway Control Function
SGF Signalling Gateway Function
SGW Signalling GateWay
SIP Session Initiation Protocol
SLF Subscription Locator Function
TDM Time Division Multiplexing
TE Terminal Equipment
TF Transport Function
TGCF Trunking GateWay Control Function
TGW Trunking GateWay
T-MGF Trunking-Media Gateway Function
TVRA Threat Vulnerability and Risk Analysis
UE User Equipment
UPSF User Profile Server Function
WiMAX Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access
4 Overall architecture

The NGN functional architecture described in the present document complies with the ITU-T general reference model

for next generation networks [2] and is structured according to a service layer and an IP-based transport layer.

The service layer comprises the following components:
• the core IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS);
• the PSTN/ISDN Emulation Subsystem (PES);
• other multimedia subsystems (e.g. IPTV Dedicated Subsystem) and applications;

• common components (i.e. used by several subsystems) such as those required for accessing applications,

charging functions, user profile management, security management, routing data bases (e.g. ENUM), etc.

This subsystem-oriented architecture enables the addition of new subsystems over the time to cover new demands and

service classes. It also provides the ability to import (and adapt) subsystems defined by other standardization bodies.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
Other networks
User Equipment
10 Final draft ETSI ES 282 001 V3.4.0 (2009-07)

IP-connectivity is provided to NGN user equipment by the transport layer, under the control of the Network Attachment

SubSystem (NASS) and the Resource and Admission Control Subsystem (RACS). These subsystems hide the transport

technology used in access and core networks below the IP layer.

The architecture described in the present document and related subsystems specifications is a functional architecture.

Each subsystem is specified as a set of functional entities and related interfaces. As a result implementers may choose to

combine functional entities where this makes sense in the context of the business models, services and capabilities

being supported. Where functional entities are combined the interface between them is internal, is hidden and

un-testable.

Figure 1 provides an overview of the NGN architecture. An example of realization of this functional architecture, with

an xDSL-based access network is provided in annex A. An example of realization of this functional architecture, with a

WiMAX-based access network is provided in annex B.
Applications
Service Layer
Other
Subsyst ems
User
profiles
Core IMS
PSTN/ISDN
Emulat ion
Subsyst em
Transport Layer
Network
Attachment
Resource and
Subsyst em
Admission Control
Subsyst em
Transport processing functions
Figure 1: TISPAN NGN overall architecture

The functional entities that make up a subsystem may be distributed over network/service provider domains (see

figure 2). The network attachment subsystem may be distributed between a visited and a home network. Service-layer

subsystems that support nomadism may also be distributed between a visited and a home network.

Visited Network Home Network
Distributed Subsystem
Core Network Core Network
(control) (control)
Access
Core Core
Network Networks Networks
(transfer) (transfer) (transfer)
Figure 2: Distributed subsystems

This architecture supports the service capabilities and requirements identified in TS 181 005 [14].

An access network comprises an access segment and an aggregation segment (figure 2a). The access segment (also

known as "last mile segment" stretches from the customer premises to the first network node (also known as the "access

node"). The aggregation segment comprises the transport network elements enabling one or more access nodes to be

connected to a core network through an IP Edge Router, at the Di reference point.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
11 Final draft ETSI ES 282 001 V3.4.0 (2009-07)

NOTE 1: In configurations where the access segment uses the DSL technology, the aggregation segment generally

uses ATM or Giga Ethernet. The IP Edge is known as a Broadband Remote Access Server (BRAS) or

Broadband Network Gateway (BNG) and the access node is a DSLAM.

NOTE 2: In configurations where the access segment uses the GPON technology, the aggregation segment uses

Giga Ethernet. The IP Edge is known as a Broadband Network Gateway (BNG) and the functions of the

access node are distributed between the Optical Line Termination (OLT) and the Optical Network

Unit (ONU)/Optical Network Termination (ONT).
Access
IP-Edge
Transport Network Elements
Node
Access Segment Aggregation Segment
Figure 2a: Access and aggregation segments
5 Transport layer

The transport layer comprises a transport control sublayer on top of transport processing functions in the access and

core networks. Equivalent functionality in the User Equipment (UE) is defined in clause 8.

The transport control sublayer is further divided in two subsystems:
• the Network Attachment SubSystem (NASS);
• the Resource and Admission Control Subsystem (RACS).
5.1 Transport control sublayer
5.1.1 Network Attachment SubSystem (NASS)
The Network Attachment Subsystem provides the following functionalities:
• dynamic provision of IP addresses and other terminal configuration parameters;

• authentication taking place at the IP layer, prior or during the address allocation procedure;

• authorization of network access based on user profiles;
• access network configuration based on user profiles;
• location management taking place at the IP layer.

The NGN architecture does not mandate a single NASS instance to support multiple access networks. This does not

prevent operators from deploying NASS functions that are common to multiple access networks (e.g. one u

...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST ES 282 001 V3.4.1:2009
01-november-2009

Zlite telekomunikacijske in internetne storitve ter protokoli za napredno omreženje

(TISPAN) - Funkcijska arhitektura omrežja NGN
Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for Advanced
Networking (TISPAN) - NGN Functional Architecture
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: ES 282 001 Version 3.4.1
ICS:
33.040.01 Telekomunikacijski sistemi Telecommunication systems
na splošno in general
33.080 Digitalno omrežje z Integrated Services Digital
integriranimi storitvami Network (ISDN)
(ISDN)
SIST ES 282 001 V3.4.1:2009 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST ES 282 001 V3.4.1:2009
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST ES 282 001 V3.4.1:2009
ETSI ES 282 001 V3.4.1 (2009-09)
ETSI Standard
Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and
Protocols for Advanced Networking (TISPAN);
NGN Functional Architecture
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST ES 282 001 V3.4.1:2009
2 ETSI ES 282 001 V3.4.1 (2009-09)
Reference
RES/TISPAN-02067-NGN-R3
Keywords
architecture, functional
ETSI
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Users of the present document should be aware that the document may be subject to revision or change of status.

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No part may be reproduced except as authorized by written permission.
The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.
© European Telecommunications Standards Institute 2009.
All rights reserved.
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DECT , PLUGTESTS , UMTS , TIPHON , the TIPHON logo and the ETSI logo are Trade Marks of ETSI registered

for the benefit of its Members.

3GPP is a Trade Mark of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and of the 3GPP Organizational Partners.

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GSM® and the GSM logo are Trade Marks registered and owned by the GSM Association.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST ES 282 001 V3.4.1:2009
3 ETSI ES 282 001 V3.4.1 (2009-09)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................ 5

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 5

1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 6

2 References ................................................................................................................................................ 6

2.1 Normative references ......................................................................................................................................... 6

2.2 Informative references ........................................................................................................................................ 7

3 Definitions and abbreviations ................................................................................................................... 7

3.1 Definitions .......................................................................................................................................................... 7

3.2 Abbreviations ..................................................................................................................................................... 8

4 Overall architecture .................................................................................................................................. 9

5 Transport layer ....................................................................................................................................... 11

5.1 Transport control sublayer ................................................................................................................................ 11

5.1.1 Network Attachment SubSystem (NASS) .................................................................................................. 11

5.1.2 Resource and Admission Control Subsystem (RACS) ............................................................................... 12

5.2 Transport processing functions ......................................................................................................................... 13

5.2.1 Border Gateway Function (BGF) ................................................................................................................ 14

5.2.1A Resource Control Enforcement Function (RCEF) ...................................................................................... 15

5.2.2 Void ............................................................................................................................................................ 15

5.2.3 Access Relay Function (ARF) .................................................................................................................... 15

5.2.4 Media Gateway Function (MGF) ................................................................................................................ 15

5.2.5 Multimedia Resource Function Processor (MRFP) .................................................................................... 16

5.2.6 Signalling Gateway Function (SGF) ........................................................................................................... 16

5.2.7 Access Management Function (AMF) ........................................................................................................ 16

5.2.8 Basic Transport Function (BTF) ................................................................................................................. 16

5.2.8.1 Elementary Forwarding Function (EFF) ............................................................................................... 17

5.2.8.2 Elementary Control Function (ECF) ..................................................................................................... 17

6 Service Layer Model .............................................................................................................................. 17

6.1 The "Core" IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) ................................................................................................... 17

6.2 The PSTN/ISDN Emulation subsystem (PES) ................................................................................................. 18

6.3 The IPTV Subsystem........................................................................................................................................ 18

6.4 Void .................................................................................................................................................................. 18

6.5 Common components ....................................................................................................................................... 18

6.5.1 User Profile Server Function (UPSF) ......................................................................................................... 19

6.5.2 Subscription Locator Function (SLF) ......................................................................................................... 19

6.5.3 Application Server Function (ASF) ............................................................................................................ 19

6.5.4 Void ............................................................................................................................................................ 19

6.5.5 InterWorking Function (IWF)..................................................................................................................... 19

6A Charging and Data Collection Functions ............................................................................................... 20

7 NGN Interconnection ............................................................................................................................. 20

7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 20

7.2 Interconnection reference points and functions ................................................................................................ 21

7.2.1 Interconnection at the transport layer ......................................................................................................... 21

7.2.1.1 Transport processing sublayer ............................................................................................................... 21

7.2.1.2 NASS .................................................................................................................................................... 21

7.2.1.3 RACS .................................................................................................................................................... 22

7.2.2 Interconnection at the Service Layer .......................................................................................................... 22

7.3 NGN Interconnection types .............................................................................................................................. 23

7.3.1 SoIx in the NGN Architecture .................................................................................................................... 23

7.3.2 CoIx in the NGN Architecture .................................................................................................................... 24

7.3.3 PSTN Interconnection types ....................................................................................................................... 25

7.3.4 NGN Direct and Indirect interconnection modes ........................................................................................ 26

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST ES 282 001 V3.4.1:2009
4 ETSI ES 282 001 V3.4.1 (2009-09)

8 User Equipment (UE) ............................................................................................................................. 29

8.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................................................... 29

8.2 Authentication .................................................................................................................................................. 29

8.3 Reference points ............................................................................................................................................... 30

8.3.1 Reference points to the core IMS ................................................................................................................ 30

8.3.2 Reference points to the PSTN/ISDN Emulation subsystem ....................................................................... 30

8.3.3 Reference points with applications ............................................................................................................. 31

8.3.4 Reference points with the NASS ................................................................................................................ 31

8.3.5 Reference points with the RACS ................................................................................................................ 31

8.3.6 Reference points with transport processing functions................................................................................. 31

8.3.7 Reference points with access media gateway functions.............................................................................. 31

9 Security aspects ...................................................................................................................................... 31

9.1 Security architecture ......................................................................................................................................... 31

9.2 Threat Vulnerability and Risk Analysis (TVRA) ............................................................................................. 31

9.3 Prevention of Unsolicited Communication (PUC) ........................................................................................... 31

Annex A (informative): Example of physical configuration for xDSL access ................................... 32

Annex B (informative): Transport architecture for multicast ........................................................... 33

B.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 33

B.2 Multicast Functions in Transport Plane .................................................................................................. 33

Annex C (informative): Example of physical configuration for WiMAX access .............................. 35

Annex D (informative): Change history: .............................................................................................. 36

History .............................................................................................................................................................. 37

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST ES 282 001 V3.4.1:2009
5 ETSI ES 282 001 V3.4.1 (2009-09)
Intellectual Property Rights

IPRs essential or potentially essential to the present document may have been declared to ETSI. The information

pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, is publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be found

in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to ETSI in

respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the ETSI Web

server (http://webapp.etsi.org/IPR/home.asp).

Pursuant to the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation, including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee

can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web

server) which are, or may be, or may become, essential to the present document.
Foreword

This ETSI Standard (ES) has been produced by ETSI Technical Committee Telecommunications and Internet

converged Services and Protocols for Advanced Networking (TISPAN).
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST ES 282 001 V3.4.1:2009
6 ETSI ES 282 001 V3.4.1 (2009-09)
1 Scope

The present document describes the overall TISPAN NGN functional architecture, its subsystems and the relationships

between them.
2 References

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific.
• For a specific reference, subsequent revisions do not apply.

• Non-specific reference may be made only to a complete document or a part thereof and only in the following

cases:

- if it is accepted that it will be possible to use all future changes of the referenced document for the

purposes of the referring document;
- for informative references.

Referenced documents which are not found to be publicly available in the expected location might be found at

http://docbox.etsi.org/Reference.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.
2.1 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of the present document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For non-specific references, the latest edition of the referenced document

(including any amendments) applies.

[1] ETSI TS 102 144: "Services and Protocols for Advanced Networks (SPAN); MTP/SCCP/SSCOP

and SIGTRAN (Transport of SS7 over IP); Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP)

[Endorsement of RFC 2960 and RFC 3309, modified]".

[2] ITU-T Recommendation Y.2011: "General principles and general reference model for next

generation networks".

[3] ETSI TS 123 002: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+); Universal Mobile

Telecommunications System (UMTS); Network architecture (3GPP TS 23.002 version 7.3.1)".

[4] ETSI TS 123 228: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+); Universal Mobile

Telecommunications System (UMTS); LTE; IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS); Stage 2
(3GPP TS 23.228)".

[5] ETSI ES 282 004: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); NGN Functional Architecture; Network Attachment
Sub-System (NASS)".

[6] ETSI ES 282 003: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); Resource and Admission Control Sub-System (RACS):
Functional Architecture".

[7] ETSI ES 282 007: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS); Functional architecture".

[8] ETSI ES 282 002: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); PSTN/ISDN Emulation Sub-system (PES); Functional
architecture".
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST ES 282 001 V3.4.1:2009
7 ETSI ES 282 001 V3.4.1 (2009-09)

[9] ETSI TS 182 012: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); IMS-based PSTN/ISDN Emulation Sub-system (PES);
Functional architecture".

[10] ETSI TS 182 027: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); IPTV Architecture; IPTV functions supported by the IMS

subsystem".

[11] ETSI TS 182 028: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); IPTV Architecture; Dedicated subsystem for IPTV functions".

[12] ETSI TS 185 003: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); Customer Network Gateway (CNG) Architecture and
Reference Points".

[13] ETSI TS 185 006: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); Customer Devices architecture and Reference Points".

[14] ETSI TS 181 005: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); Service and Capability Requirements".
[15] ITU-T Recommendation G.8010: "Architecture of Ethernet layer networks".

[16] ETSI TS 182 025: " Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); Business Trunking; Architecture and functional description".

[17] ETSI TS 187 003: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); NGN Security; Security Architecture".
2.2 Informative references

The following referenced documents are not essential to the use of the present document but they assist the user with

regard to a particular subject area. For non-specific references, the latest version of the referenced document (including

any amendments) applies.

[i.1] ETSI TS 187 015: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); Specifications for PUC (Prevention of Unsolicited
Communication) in the NGN".

[i.2] ETSI TR 187 002: "Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for

Advanced Networking (TISPAN); TISPAN NGN Security (NGN-SEC); Threat, Vulnerability and

Risk Analysis".

[i.3] IEEE 802.16-2004: "IEEE Standard for Local and metropolitan area networks; Part 16: Air

Interface for Fixed Broadband Wireless Access Systems".
3 Definitions and abbreviations
3.1 Definitions

For the purposes of the present document, the following terms and definitions apply:

access network: collection of network entities and interfaces that provide the underlying IP transport connectivity

between end user devices and NGN entities

core network: portion of the delivery system composed of networks, systems equipment and infrastructures,

connecting the service providers to the access network
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functional entity: entity that comprises a specific set of functions at a given location

NOTE: Functional entities are logical concepts, grouping of functional entities are used to describe practical

physical realizations.

user equipment: one or more devices allowing a user to access services delivered by TISPAN NGN networks

NOTE: This includes devices when under user control commonly referred to as IAD, ATA, RGW, TE, etc., UE

does not include network controlled entities such as network terminations and access gateways.

3.2 Abbreviations
For the purposes of the present document, the following abbreviations apply:
3GPP Third Generation Project Partnership
AMF Access Management Function
A-MGF Access Media Gateway Function
AN Access Node
ARF Access Relay Function
AS Application Server
ASF Application Server Function
ASN GW Access Service Network GateWay
ATA Analogue Terminal Adaptor
AUC AUthentication Centre
BGF Border Gateway Function
BGW Border GateWay
BNG Broadband Network Gateway
BRAS Broadband Remote Access Server
BS Base Station
BTF Basic Transport Function
C-BGF Core Border Gateway Function
CND Customer Network Device
CNG Customer Network Gateway
CPN Customer Premises Network
CSCF Call Session Control Function
DHCP Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
DSL Digital Subscriber Line
DSLAM Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer
ECF Elementary Control Function
EFF Elementary Forwarding Function
ENUM tElephone NUmber Mapping
GPON Gigabit-capable Passive Optical Network
HLR Home Location Register
HSS Home Subscriber Server
IAD Integrated Access Device
IBCF Interconnection Border Control Function
I-BGF Interconnection-Border Gateway Function
I-CSCF Interrogating-Call Session Control Function
IGMP Internet Group Management Protocol
IMS IP Multimedia Subsystem
IMS-MGW IMS-Media GateWay
IP Internet Protocol
ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network
ISUP ISDN User Part
IVR Interactive Voice Response
IWF InterWorking Function
MAC Media Access Control (layer)
MGCF Media Gateway Control Function
MGF Media Gateway Function
MLD Multicast Listener Discovery
MPLS MultiProtocol Label Switching
MRFP Multimedia Resource Function Processor
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MTP Message Transfer Part
NAPT Network Address and Port Translation
NAPT-PT NAPT and Protocol Translation
NASS Network Attachment SubSystem
NAT Network Address Translation
NGCN Next Generation Corporate Networks
NGN Next Generation Network
NNI Network to Network Interface
OLT Optical Line Termination
ONT Optical Network Termination
ONU Optical Network Unit
OSA Open Service Access
PES PSTN/ISDN Emulation Subsystem
PHY PHYsical (layer)
PIM Protocol Independent Multicast
PPP Point-to-Point Protocol
PSTN Public Switched Telephony Network
PUC Prevention of Unsolicited Communication
RACS Resource and Admission Control Subsystem
RADIUS Remote Access Dial In User Service
RCEF Resource Control Enforcement Function
RGW Residential GateWay
R-MGF Residential Media Gateway Function
SCCP Signalling Connection Control Part
SCTP Stream Control Transmission Protocol
SGCF Signalling Gateway Control Function
SGF Signalling Gateway Function
SGW Signalling GateWay
SIP Session Initiation Protocol
SLF Subscription Locator Function
TDM Time Division Multiplexing
TE Terminal Equipment
TF Transport Function
TGCF Trunking GateWay Control Function
TGW Trunking GateWay
T-MGF Trunking-Media Gateway Function
TVRA Threat Vulnerability and Risk Analysis
UE User Equipment
UPSF User Profile Server Function
WiMAX Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access
4 Overall architecture

The NGN functional architecture described in the present document complies with the ITU-T general reference model

for next generation networks [2] and is structured according to a service layer and an IP-based transport layer.

The service layer comprises the following components:
• the core IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS);
• the PSTN/ISDN Emulation Subsystem (PES);
• other multimedia subsystems (e.g. IPTV Dedicated Subsystem) and applications;

• common components (i.e. used by several subsystems) such as those required for accessing applications,

charging functions, user profile management, security management, routing data bases (e.g. ENUM), etc.

This subsystem-oriented architecture enables the addition of new subsystems over the time to cover new demands and

service classes. It also provides the ability to import (and adapt) subsystems defined by other standardization bodies.

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Other networks
User Equipment
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IP-connectivity is provided to NGN user equipment by the transport layer, under the control of the Network Attachment

SubSystem (NASS) and the Resource and Admission Control Subsystem (RACS). These subsystems hide the transport

technology used in access and core networks below the IP layer.

The architecture described in the present document and related subsystems specifications is a functional architecture.

Each subsystem is specified as a set of functional entities and related interfaces. As a result implementers may choose to

combine functional entities where this makes sense in the context of the business models, services and capabilities

being supported. Where functional entities are combined the interface between them is internal, is hidden and

un-testable.

Figure 1 provides an overview of the NGN architecture. An example of realization of this functional architecture, with

an xDSL-based access network is provided in annex A. An example of realization of this functional architecture, with a

WiMAX-based access network is provided in annex B.
Applications
Service Layer
Other
Subsyst ems
User
profiles
Core IMS
PSTN/ISDN
Emulat ion
Subsyst em
Transport Layer
Network
Attachment
Resource and
Subsyst em
Admission Control
Subsyst em
Transport processing functions
Figure 1: TISPAN NGN overall architecture

The functional entities that make up a subsystem may be distributed over network/service provider domains (see

figure 2). The network attachment subsystem may be distributed between a visited and a home network. Service-layer

subsystems that support nomadism may also be distributed between a visited and a home network.

Visited Network Home Network
Distributed Subsystem
Core Network Core Network
(control) (control)
Access
Core Core
Network Networks Networks
(transfer) (transfer) (transfer)
Figure 2: Distributed subsystems

This architecture supports the service capabilities and requirements identified in TS 181 005 [14].

An access network comprises an access segment and an aggregation segment (figure 2a). The access segment (also

known as "last mile segment" stretches from the customer premises to the first network node (also known as the "access

node"). The aggregation segment comprises the transport network elements enabling one or more access nodes to be

connected to a core network through an IP Edge Router, at the Di reference point.

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NOTE 1: In configurations where the access segment uses the DSL technology, the aggregation segment generally

uses ATM or Giga Ethernet. The IP Edge is known as a Broadband Remote Access Server (BRAS) or

Broadband Network Gateway (BNG) and the access node is a DSLAM.

NOTE 2: In configurations where the access segment uses the GPON technology, the aggregation segment uses

Giga Ethernet. The IP Edge is known as a Broadband Network Gateway (BNG) and the functions of the

access node are distributed between the Optical Line Termination (OLT) and the Optical Network

Unit (ONU)/Optical Network Termination (ONT).
Access
IP-Edge
Transport Network Elements
Node
Access Segment Aggregation Segment
Figure 2a: Access and aggregation segments
5 Transport layer
The transport layer comprise
...

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