SIST EN ISO 5198:2000
(Main)Centrifugal, mixed flow and axial pumps  Code for hydraulic performance tests  Precision class (ISO 5198:1987)
Centrifugal, mixed flow and axial pumps  Code for hydraulic performance tests  Precision class (ISO 5198:1987)
Definition of terms, quantities, ways of measuring the characteristic quantities of the precision class so as to ascertain the performance of the pump.
Kreiselpumpen (Radial, Halbaxial und Axialkreiselpumpen)  Regeln für die Messung der hydraulischen Betriebsverhaltens  Präzisionsklasse (ISO 5198:1987)
Pompes centrifuges, hélicocentrifuges et hélices  Code d'essais de fonctionnement hydraulique  Classe de précision (ISO 5198:1987)
Centrifugal, mixed flow and axial pumps  Code for hydraulic performance tests  Precision class (ISO 5198:1987)
General Information
Standards Content (Sample)
SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 5198:2000
01december2000
Centrifugal, mixed flow and axial pumps  Code for hydraulic performance tests 
Precision class (ISO 5198:1987)
Centrifugal, mixed flow and axial pumps  Code for hydraulic performance tests 
Precision class (ISO 5198:1987)
Kreiselpumpen (Radial, Halbaxial und Axialkreiselpumpen)  Regeln für die Messung
der hydraulischen Betriebsverhaltens  Präzisionsklasse (ISO 5198:1987)
Pompes centrifuges, hélicocentrifuges et hélices  Code d'essais de fonctionnement
hydraulique  Classe de précision (ISO 5198:1987)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 5198:1998
ICS:
23.080 ýUSDONH Pumps
SIST EN ISO 5198:2000 en
200301.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.
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SIST EN ISO 5198:2000
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SIST EN ISO 5198:2000
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SIST EN ISO 5198:2000
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SIST EN ISO 5198:2000
IS0
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD
5198
First edition
198707O 1
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR STANDARDIZATION
ORGANISATION INTERNATIONALE DE NORMALISATION
MEXflYHAPOflHAfl OPTAHM3A~klfl ll0 CTAH~APTM3A~MM
Centrifugal, mixed flow and axial pumps  Code for
hydraulic performance tests  Precision class
Code d’essais de fonctionnement
Pompes ten trifuges, h&coten trifuges et hklices 
h ydraufique  Classe de prbision
Reference number
IS0 5198: 1987 (E)
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SIST EN ISO 5198:2000
Foreword
IS0 (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of
national standards bodies (IS0 member bodies). The work of preparing International
Standards is normally carried out through IS0 technical committees. Each member
body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been established has
the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, govern
mental and nongovernmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.
Draft International Standards adopted by the technical committees are circulated to
the member bodies for approval before their acceptance as International Standards by
the IS0 Council. They are approved in accordance with IS0 procedures requiring at
least 75 % approval by the member bodies voting.
International Standard IS0 5198 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 115,
Pumps.
Users should note that all International Standards undergo revision from time to time
and that any reference made herein to any other International Standard implies its
latest edition, unless otherwise stated.
0 International Organization for Standardization, 1987
Printed in Switzerland
ii
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SIST EN ISO 5198:2000
IS0 5198 :I987 (E)
Contents
Page
. . . . I
0 Introduction. . . . . . .
............. 1
1 Scope . . . . . . . . .
. . . . I
2 Field of application . . . . . .
. . . . 2
3 References. . . . . . .
Section one : General recommendations
4 Definitions and symbols . . . . . . . . . . . .
5 Specified duty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6 General requirements for tests . . . . . .
Section two : Measurement methods
7 Measurement of rate of flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . * . 17
91
LI
8 Measurement of head. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
..................................... 38
9 Measurement of speed of rotation
......................................... 38
10 Measurement of power input
........ . . 41
11 Measurement of pump efficiency by the thermodynamic method
.................................................. . .
12 Cavitation tests 51
Annexes
A Estimation and analysis of uncertainties . . . 57
B Comparison of test results with specified duty. . . . 61
C Thermodynamic properties of water and assessment of the accuracy
................ 65
of efficiency measurements by the thermodynamic method
D . 78
Other cavitation tests
E . 80
Frictionlosses.
. . .
III
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SIST EN ISO 5198:2000
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SIST EN ISO 5198:2000
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD
IS0 5198 : 1987 (E)
Centrifugal, mixed flow and axial pumps  Code for
hydraulic performance tests  Precision class
0 Introduction This International Standard does not recommend any construc
tional tolerance nor any global tolerance for acceptance pur
This International Standard is the first of a set of International poses; it is devoted to specifying and describing procedure and
Standards dealing with performance tests of centrifugal, mixed methods for accurately ascertaining the performance of a pump
flow and axial pumps (in the rest of the text referred to as under the conditions in which it is tested. Contractual
“pumps”). interpretation of the test results must be the subject of a special
agreement between the parties concerned (see annex B).
It specifies precision class tests (former class A). Engineering
class I and class II tests (former classes B and C) will be the Pump performance may be greatly affected by the installation
subject of a further International Standard? conditions, and this must be especially considered when
drawing up the contract if a precision class test is to be carried
The aims of these classes are quite different.
The precision class is mainly used for research, develop
ment and scientific purposes in laboratories, where an
4 Scope
extremely high accuracy of measurement is important.
This International Standard specifies precision class pe rfor
The engineering classes are generally applied for acceptance
mance tests for centrifugal, mixed flow and axial pumps.
tests.
It defines the terms and quantities that are used and specifies
In most cases, engineering class II is adequate for acceptance
general requirements for tests. It specifies ways of measuring
tests. The use of engineering class I is restricted to special
the characteristic quantities of the precision class so as
cases when there is a need to have the pump performance
to ascertain the performance of the pump and thus provide a
more precisely defined. However, there may be cases of high
basis for comparison with the performance specified in the
importance, in which even an engineering class I acceptance
contract.
test will be judged inadequate for the precision required for
defining pump performance. In these cases the use of the
The structural details of pumps and the mechanical properties
precision class may exceptionally be necessary for an accep
of their co mponents lie outside the scope of this I
nternational
tance test.
Standard.
Attention must be paid to the fact that the accuracy required
This International Standard does not specify constructional
for a precision class test significantly increases the test costs by
tolerances, which are purely contractual.
comparison with the costs for an engineering class test.
Precision class tests may not always be practicable, even when
great effort and expense are devoted to measurements. Perfor
2 Field of application
mance tests to precision class specifications will be required,
and are possible, only in suitable circumstances. Therefore This International Standard gives recommendations for
both the purchaser and the manufacturer shall carefully ex hydraulic performance testing of centrifugal, mixedflow and
amine whether the accuracy required for a precision class test axial pumps when these tests have to meet very special require
might be achieved either on site, on the manufacturer’s test
ments for research, development or acceptance of industrial
bed or in a mutually agreed laboratory. It should be noted that it hightech. pumps, or when very accurate knowledge of perfor
may not be possible to guarantee precision class accuracy in
mance characteristics is of prime importance.
advance of the tests.
This International Standard also applies to models and proto
The purpose of this International Standard is to specify how to types whether the pumps are tested on a test bench or on site if
carry out a test with extremely high precision. installation conditions so permit.
1) At present, they are dealt with in IS0 2548 and IS0 3555.
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SIST EN ISO 5198:2000
IS0 5198 : 1987 (E)
It applies IS0 3534, Statistics  Vocabulary and symbols.

either to the pu mp itself without fittings, which re
IS0 3555, Centrifugal, mixed flow and axial pumps  Code for
quires that the pump ends are accessible; or
acceptance tests  Class B.

to the whole assembly of pump and of all or part of its
IS0 3846, Liquid flow measurement in open channels by weirs
upstream and downstream fittings, which is the case for
and flumes  Free overfall weirs of finite crest width frec
pumps with inaccessible ends (submerged pumps, etc.).
tangular broadcrested weirs).
NOTES
IS0 3966, Measurement of fluid flow conduits 
in closed
1 Attention is drawn to the fact that nearly all industrial needs are
Velocity area method using Pitot static tubes.
covered by the codes of acceptance testing of industrial classes I
and II.
I SO 4185, Measurement of liquid flow in closed conduits 
2 Acceptance tests for site and model storage pumps are dealt with in
Weighing method.
IEC Publications 198 and 497.
IS0 4359, Liquid flow measurement in open channels  Rec
tangular, trapezoidal and Ushaped flumes.
3 References
IS0 4360, Liquid flow measurement in open channels by weirs
IS 0 31, Quantities, units and symbols.
and flumes  Triangular profile weirs.
IS0 555, Liquid flow measurement in open channels  Dilu
tion methods for measurement of steady flow 
IS0 4373, Measurement of liquid flow In open channels 
Water level measuring devices.
Part 1: Constan trate injection method.
Part 2: Integration (sudden injection) method.
IS0 5167, Measurement of fluid flow by means of orifice
plates, nozzles and venturi tubes inserted in circular cross
Part 3: Cons tan tra te injection method and integration
section conduits running full.
method using radioactive tracers.
IS0 1438, Liquid flow measurement in open channels using I S 0 5168, Measurement of fluid flow  Es tima tion of uncer
tainty of a flowrate measurement.
thinplate weirs and venturi flumes.
IS0 1 4381 1, Water flow measurement in open channels using
I SO 7194, Measurement of fluid flow in closed conduits 
weirs and venturi flumes  Part I: Thinplate weirs.
Velocityarea methods of flow measurement in swirling or
asymmetric flow conditions in circular ducts by means of
IS0 2186, Fluid flow in closed conduits  Connections for
currentmeters or Pito t static tubes.
pressure signal transmissions between primary and secondary
elements.
IS0 8316, Measurement of liquid flow in closed conduits 
Method by collection of the liquid in a volumetric tank. l)
IS0 2548, Centrifugal, mixed flow and axial pumps  Code for
acceptance tests  Class C.
IEC Publication 342, Rotating electrical machines  Part 2:
Methods for determining losses and efficiency of rotating elec
IS0 2975, Measurement of water flow in closed conduits 
trical machinery from tests (excluding machines for traction
Tracer methods 
vehicles).
Part I: General.
IEC Publication 41 , In terna tional code for the field acceptance
method using non
Part 2: Constant injection
tests of hydraulic turbines.
radioactive tracers.
Part 3: Constant rate injection method using radioactive IEC Publication 193, International code for
model acceptance
tracers. tests of hydraulic turbines.
Part 6: Transit time method using nonradioactive tracers.
IEC Publication 198, International code for the field acceptance
tests of storage pumps.
Part 7: Transit time method using radioactive tracers.
IS0 3354, Measurement of clean water flow in closed con IEC Publication 497, International code for
acceptance
 Velocityarea method using currentmeters,
duits tests of storage pumps.
1) At present at the stage of draft.
2
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SIST EN ISO 5198:2000
IS0 5198 : 1987 (E)
Section one : General recommendations
4 Definitions and symbols or the autocorrelation function, I?,, given by the equation
t+ T
1
4.1 Definitions
R, (t, T) = 
x(t) [x(t + T)] dt
s
T t
For the purposes of this International Standard, the following
definitions apply.
4.1.5 steady and unsteady process: Random process x(t)
is said to be slightly steady or steady in a general sense
when its first order statistical moment (mean ,uJ and its second
order statistical moment [variance OS, or autocorrelation func
4.1.1 measuring system : System composed of a measuring
tion R, (t, T)] are not dependent on time t, at which the obser
instrument, including a transducer which picks up physical in
vation begins nor on the period of time T during which the
formation, and one or several elements in series transmitting or
observation is made.
transforming the resulting signal.
Inversely, when the statistical moments are dependent
Such a system has a response function which can be illustrated on t or
T, the physical phenomenon is said to be u nsteady.
by a gain response or a phase response curve over a frequency
range. In particular, a filtering effect appears between the
When all statistical moments of the process x(t) (beyond the
picked up physical quantity and the observed signal. This filter
second order), which completely describe the statistical prop
ing effect is essentially characterized by a cut frequency. In
erty of x(t), are not dependent on t and T, the process is then
most measuring systems which are used, the continuous com
said to be strongly or strictly steady.
ponent of the signal can pass and the cut frequency is then
strongly related to the response time of the system.
NOTE  From a practical point of view and in this International Stan
dard, only slightly steady processes are considered (first and second
order statistical moments). It should be noted that when the con
4.1.2 measuring instrument : Instrument, forming part of a
sidered process follows a normal or Gaussian distribution law, the first
measuring system, which transforms any physical quantity
and second order statistical moments are sufficient to describe the
(pressure, speed, current, etc.) into a signal which can be statistical properties of the process completely and both concepts of
strong or slight steadiness are then equivalent.
directly observed (a mercury level, a point on a dial scale, a
digital reading, etc.).
4.1.6 steady operating conditions : The operating condi
tions are said to be steady when the different signals delivered
4.1.3 first order statistical moment: mean value of a
by the measuring systems and the physical quantities
signal: Characterization of a random process x(t) by a first
calculated from these signals have first order (mean ,u,) and
order statistical moment which generally is the mean ,uX
second order [variance oX2, or autocorrelation function R,
calculated over a period of time T given by the equation
(t, T)] statistical moments which do not depend on the time t
at which the observation begins nor on the duration T during
t+ T
1
which the observation is made.
x(t) dt
I& = 
s
T t
NOTE  The random signal delivered by a measuring system can be
found to be steady only if the integration period T is sufficiently long.
NOTE  To calculate the mean value of a signal or physical quantity,
This point is difficult to check for one is never calculated for a sufficient
an integration period T much longer than the response time of the cor
duration; this is why, from a practical point of view, only a steadiness
responding measuring system is usually chosen.
with a certain confidence level is defined.
To determine simultaneously the mean value of several signals of
several physical quantities corresponding to the same operating point,
the integration period T is chosen by considering the longest response 4.1.7 unsteady operating conditions : The operating condi
time among all the measuring systems which are used.
tions are said to be unsteady when the different signals
delivered by the measuring systems and the physical quantities
According to the value of the integration period T chosen to calculate
calculated from these signals have a first order (mean ,uJ or se
the mean value of the signals, the operating conditions will be deter
cond order [variance crz, or autocorrelation function R, (t, T)]
mined to be either steady or unsteady.
statistical moment which depends on the time t at which the
observation begins or on the period T during which the obser
vation is made.
4.1.4 second order statistical moment: variance or
autocorrelation function : Characterization of a random pro
NOTE  The dynamic component (see figure
1) of the picked up
cess x(t) by a second order statistical moment calculated over a
physical quantities has different origins :
time period Tand for which can be chosen either the variance
a) a random origin : turbulence, white noise of the electronic
a: expressed as :
system, etc.,
t+ T
b) a determinist origin: blade passing frequency, speed of rota
1
2
tion in connection with the electric network frequency, flow
ax = 
[x(t)  p$dt
s
T t
singularities, vibration modes, etc.
3
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SIST EN ISO 5198:2000
IS0 5198 : 1987 (E)
Tl is an insufficiently long integration period. The mean value, X, of x as estimated from T, will vary.
T2 is a sufficiently long period.
Figure 1  Graph of the evolution of a phenomenon (supposed to be known)
It is supposed that the possible unsteadiness of the operating Then the variations of the mean value can be considered as
conditions has a frequency lower than that corresponding to these
being “slow” compared to fluctuations (see 4.1.8).
phenomena (less than half the lowest encountered frequency); as a
consequence, the integration period Twill not be less than twice the
period T corresponding to the lowest frequency mentioned above.
4.1 .lO readings: Visual observations allowing the recording
of the value of the signal delivered by a measuring system.
4.1.8 fluctuations: Periodic or random evolutions of a
phenomenon x(t) as a function of time, varying around a mean
Two types of readings should be considered:
value and describing a physical quantity or a signal delivered by
a measuring system.
a) the “quasiinstantaneous” reading of the signal, which
All evolutions having a period or a pseudoperiod less than
is made during as short a time as possible (but not shorter
twice the integration period chosen to calculate the mean
than the response time of the measuring system
values are considered as fluctuations. Then the fluctuations
considered) ;
can be considered as being “rapid” compared to the variations
of the mean value (see 4.1.9).
NOTE  The group of “quasiinstantaneous” readings made
during the integration period Tallows the calculation of statistical
NOTE  Only fluctuations having a period or a pseudoperiod higher
moments (see 4.1.3 and 4.1.4).
than twice the response time of the corresponding measuring system
can be detected.
b) the “averaging reading” of the signal which is made
over or at the end of the integration period T depending on
4.1.9 variations of the mean value (in unsteady
the measuring system, this “averaging reading” leads
Evolution of the mean value of a
operating conditions) :
directly to the mean value of the signal.
physical quantity or of signal delivered by a measuring system,
between one reading and the next, in unsteady operating con
ditions.
4.1.11 set of readings: Group of “quasiinstantaneous”
The variations of the mean values should show a period or a readings leading to the determination of the values of the dif
pseudoperiod higher than twice the integration period T
ferent signal or physical quantities characterizing an operating
chosen to calculate the mean value. point.
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SIST EN ISO 5198:2000
ISO5198:1987 (El
4.1.12 response time of a measuring instrument: Time 4.2 Quantities, symbols and units
interval between the instant when a stimulus is subjected to a
specified abrupt change and the instant when the response
Table 1 gives concepts and some of their uses in this Inter
reaches and remains within specified limits of its final steady
national Standard, together with any associated symbols which
value.
have been allocated; it is based on IS0 31.
4.1.13 Prandtl number, Pr:
PCP The definitions, particu I arly those given for kinetic energy coef
ficient, specific energy and NPSH may not be appropriate for
pr = i
completely general use in hydrodynamics, and are for the pur
where
poses of this International Standard only.
p is the dynamic viscosity of the fluid;
A is its thermal conductivity.
Table 2 gives an alphabetical list of symbols used, and table 3
(Definition taken from IS0 31/12.) gives a list of subscripts.
List of quantities (based on IS0 3111)
Table 1 
Quantity Definition21 Symbol Dimensiod) Unit
in M
Mass
kg
Length I L m
T
Time t S
Temperature 0 0 OC
Area A L2 m2
Volume V L3 m3
Angular velocity co T1 rad/s
V LT1
Velocity m/s
Acceleration due to gravity41 LT2 m/s2
g
Number or rotations per unit time T1
Speed of rotation n s1
Density Mass per unit volume ML3 kg/m3
e
Force per unit area. Unless otherwise specified all
Pressure ML‘T2 Pa
P
pressures are gauge pressures, i.e. measured with
respect to atmospheric pressure.
(1 bar = lo5 Pa)
Kinematic viscosity V L2T1 m2/s
Specific energy Energy per unit mass E LZT2 J/kg
Power (general term) P MLZT3
W
Reynolds number Re dimensionless
D
Diameter L
Flow rates
Mass rate of flow The mass rate of flow designates the external MT’
kg/s
4,(4)
mass rate of flow of the pump, i.e. the rate of flow
discharged into the pipe from the outlet branch of
the pump.
NOTE  Losses or abstractions inherent to the
pump, i.e. :
a) discharge necessary for hydraulic balancing
of axial thrust;
b) cooling of bearings of the pump itself;
c) water seal to the packing;
d) leakage from the fittings, internal leakage,
etc.,
are not to be reckoned in the quantity delivered. On
the contrary, if they are taken at a point before the
flow measuring section, all derived quantities used
for other purposes, such as :
e) cooling of the motor bearings;
f) cooling of a gear box (bearings, oil cooler),
etc.,
should be added to the measured rate of flow.
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SIST EN ISO 5198:2000
IS0 5198 : 1987 (E)
Table 1  List of quantities (based on IS0 3111) (continued)
Quantity Definition*)
Symbol Dimensiod) Unit
Volume rate of flow The outlet volume rate of flow is given by the
L3T’ m3/s
equation
For the purposes of this international Standard, this
symbol may also designate the volume rate of flow
in a given section 5) of the pump outlet; it is the
quotient of the mass rate of flow in this section by
the density. (The section may be designated by
subscripts. )
Mean veloc :ity
The mean velocity of flow equal to the volume rate U LT1
m/s
of flow divided by the pipe crosssection5)
Local velocity Velocity of flow at any point
V LT1 m/s
Gauge pressure Any pressure used in this International Standard
ML’ T2 Pa
Pe
except atmospheric and vapour pressure; the effec
tive pressure, relative to the atmospheric pressure.
Its value is
 positive if this pressure is greater than the
atmospheric pressure;

negative if this pressure is less than the
atmospheric pressure.
Atmospheric pressure
ML’ T2 Pa
pb
(absolute)
Vapour pressure (absolute)
ML’ T2 Pa
P”
Head
The energy per unit mass of fluid divided by gravita
L m
tional acceleration.
Height
Elevation of a point above a reference plane.
2 m
If the point is below the reference plane, z is
negative.
Reference plane Any horizontal plane to be used as a datum for  
height measurement. A materialized reference plane
may be more practical than an imaginary one for
measurement purposes.
Inlet impeller height (or eye
The height of the centre of the circle described by
7 m
‘S
height) the external point of the entrance edges of the first
impeller blades. In case of double inlet pumps, z, is
the higher impeller height.
The manufacturer should indicate the position of
this point with respect to precise reference points on
the pump.
Velocity head Height of fluid corresponding to the kinetic energy
L
m
per unit mass of fluid divided by gravitational ac
celeration. Its value is given by the formula
a u*/2 g
Velocity head coefficient
A coefficient relating velocity head in the section a dimensionless
with the mean velocity in that section. It is defined
by the equation
A v3dA
s
=
a
USA
If v is constant, a = 1
Available velocity head The part of the velocity head contributing to the
L
m
total head. Its value is given by the formula
a, c/*/2 g where I< a, < a
See 8.1.1.3
Available velocity head coeff i
A coefficient relating available velocity head in a dimensionless
Qa
cient section to the mean velocity in that section.
See 8.1 .I .3
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SIST EN ISO 5198:2000
IS05198 :I987 (E)
Table 1  List of quantities (based on IS0 3111) (continued)
Quantity Definition*)
Symbol Dimensiod) Unit
Total head (in section i) Total head in a given section, i, is usually calculated L
Hi
as:
U2
Pei
Hi=zi ++a,i$
Qi g
This equation assumes that pressure varies hydro
statically in the section and that compressibility of
the liquid pumped may be neglected.
See 8.1 .I .2 concerning the correctness of this last
assumption.
Inlet total head Total head at inlet section 1
Outlet total head Total head at outlet section 2
Pump total head Algebraic difference between outlet total head H2
H
and inlet total head H, :
H=
H2  HI
Separate evaluation of H, and H2 is not always
necessary. Other methods may even be recom
mended if compressibility is to be accounted for.
See 8.1 J.2.
Loss of head at inlet The difference between the total head of the liquid L
HJ1
at the measuring point, or possibly of the liquid
without velocity in the suction chamber, and the
total head of the liquid in the inlet section of the
Pump.
Loss of head at outlet The difference between the total head of the liquid
HJ2
in the outlet section of the pump, and the total head
of the liquid at the measuring point.
Inlet total head increased by the head (in flowing
Net positive suction head; NPSH
(NPSH)
liquid) corresponding to the atmospheric pressure at
the test location and decreased by the sum of the
head corresponding to the vapour pressure of the
pump liquid at the inlet temperature and of the inlet
impeller height.
(NPSH) = H, + !k  L  z,
elg e1g
NOTES
1 To maintain consistency between precision class
and engineering classes I and II, the arbitrary defini
tion of (NPSH) is the same.
Therefore, in calculating (NPSH) values, the value
of aa is taken to be equal to unity (see velocity head
coefficient).
2 Local velocity distribution may influence (NPSH)
performance of the pump. Limitation of local veloc
ity variation is given in clause 12.
3 It is necessary to make a distinction between

the (NPSH) required at given flow and speed
of rotation for a given pump  this is specified
by the manufacturer;

the (NPSH) available for the same flow,
which is inferred from the installation;
 the cavitation test (NPSH).
Subscripts may be used to differentiate these quan
tities [for example (NPSH), when the value required
by the pump is concerned, (NPSH), when the
available value is concerned and (NPSH), when
cavitation test (NPSH) is concerned].
Critical net positive suction head Net positive suction head associated with
(NMH, L
[2 + (K/2)1 % either of head drop in the first stage
or of the efficiency drop.
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SIST EN ISO 5198:2000
ISO5198:1987 (E)
Table 1  List of quantities (based on IS0 3111) (concluded)
Quantity Def initiod Symbol Dimensiod Unit
Type number A number defined by the equation K dimensionless
2n n (q>)l/* cr) q;l/*
=
K=
,I7314
(gH’)3’4
where q; is the volume rate of flow per eye and H'
is the head of the first stage. This quantity shall be
calculated at the best efficiency point.
Pump power input Mechanical power transmitted to the pump shaft. P ML*T3 W
Driver power input Power input to driving unit. ML*T3 W
Psr
Pump power output The power transferred to the liquid at its passage ML*T3 W
pu
through the pump
pu = eqvgff = Q4VE
Pump efficiency
pu
?f=
dimensionless
ul
P
Overall efficiency
p,
dimensionless
qgr = p
%r
gr
1) Further symbols used in the thermodynamic method are given in table 9.
2) In order to avoid any error of interpretation, it is deemed desirable to reproduce the definitions of quantities and units as given in
...
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