IEC 61869-14:2018 provides all requirements specific to current transformers to be used in DC applications (DCCTs), whatever the technology used. The output signal can be analogue or digital. It is applicable to newly manufactured current transformers used for measuring, protection and/or control applications in DC power systems with a rated voltage above 1,5 kV. The general configuration of a single-pole low-power instrument transformer is described in Figure 601 of IEC 61869-6:2016. The DCCTs intended for current measurement in the transistor branch of the VSC valve (referred to as CT4a and CT4b in Figure 1403 and Table 1402) are not covered by this document, and will be considered in a future revision. IEC 61869-14:2018 applies to current transformers intended to be used in DC applications with at least one of the following functions: • measure DC current (with significant harmonics); • withstand DC voltage. Depending on the position on the DC system, different kinds of application exist, which are briefly described below, together with the approximate voltage or current wave shape.

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IEC 61869-15:2018 provides all requirements specific to voltage transformers to be used in DC applications (DCVTs), whatever the technology used. The output signal can be analogue or digital. It is applicable to newly manufactured voltage transformers used for measuring, protection and/or control applications in DC power systems with a rated voltage above 1,5 kV. This document covers passive voltage dividers as well as active voltage transformers, used for measurement, control and protection. The general configuration of a single-pole low-power instrument transformer is described in Figure 601 of IEC 61869-6:2016. IEC 61869-15:2018 applies to voltage transformers (VT) intended to be used in DC applications with the following functions: • measure DC voltage (with significant harmonics); • withstand DC voltage. Two main technologies of DC converters exist today: LCC and VSC • Line-commutated converters (LCC) are based on thyristor converters. They are characterized by a single direction of current flow, and a voltage polarity reversal possibility. Significant voltage and current harmonics exist up to frequencies of about 3 kHz to 4 kHz. • Voltage source converters (VSC) are based on transistor converters. They are characterized by a bi-directional current flow and a single voltage polarity. Voltage and current harmonics exist up to frequencies of about 20 kHz.

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IEC 61869-9:2016(E) is a product family standard applicable to instrument transformers with digital output. The product standard is composed of IEC 61869-1 and IEC 61869-6, in addition to this standard and the relevant product specific standards in the IEC 61869 series (Part 7, Part 8, Part 12, Part 13, Part 14, and Part 15). This standard defines requirements for digital communications of instrument transformer measurements. It is based on the IEC 61850 series, UCA international users group document Implementation guideline for digital interface to instrument transformers using IEC 61850-9-2, and the relevant parts of IEC 60044-8 that are replaced by this standard. It includes additional improvements including the IEC 61588 network based time synchronization. This first edition replaces the corresponding specific requirements previously contained in IEC 60044-8, published in 2002. This International Standard contains specific requirements for electronic low power instrument transformers (LPIT) having a digital output. However, the reader is encouraged to use its most recent edition. This publication contains an attached file in the form of a .xml file. This file is intended to be used as a complement and does not form an integral part of the publication.

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IEC 61869-10:2017 is a product standard and covers only additional requirements for low-power passive current transformers. The product standard for low-power passive current transformers comprises IEC 61869-1, together with IEC 61869-6 and this document with specific requirements. This document is applicable to newly manufactured low-power passive current transformers with analogue output for use with electrical measuring instruments or electrical protective devices having a rated frequency from 15 Hz to 100 Hz. This document covers low-power passive current transformers used for measurement or protection and multi-purpose low-power passive current transformers used for both measurement and protection. This first edition of IEC 61869-10, together with IEC 61869-1, IEC 61869-6, IEC 61869-8 and IEC 61869-9, cancels and replaces the first edition of IEC 60044-8, published in 2002. This edition constitutes a technical revision. The technical changes concern IEC TC 38's decision to restructure the whole set of stand-alone standards in the IEC 60044 series and transform it into a new set of standards composed of general requirements documents and specific requirements documents.

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IEC 61869-11:2017 is a product standard and covers only additional requirements for low-power passive voltage transformers (passive LPVT). The product standard for low-power passive voltage transformers is composed of IEC 61869-1, along with IEC 61869-6 and this document with specific requirements. This document is applicable to newly manufactured low-power passive voltage transformers with analogue output having rated frequencies from 15 Hz to 100 Hz for use with electrical measuring instruments or electrical protective devices. This document covers low-power passive voltage transformers used for measurement or protection and low-power passive voltage transformers used for both measurement and protection. Low-power passive voltage transformers have analogue output only (for digital output or for technology using any kind of active electronic components refer to future IEC 61869-7). Such low-power passive voltage transformers can include the secondary signal cable (transmitting cable). The secondary voltage of the low-power passive voltage transformer is proportional to the primary voltage. Derivative output signals are not within the scope of this document. This first edition of IEC 61869-11, together with IEC 61869-1 and IEC 61869-6, cancels and replaces the relevant clauses or subclauses of the first edition of IEC 60044-7, published in 1999 and the first edition of IEC 60044-8, published in 2002. This edition constitutes a technical revision.

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IEC 62689-2:2016 describes electric phenomena and electric system behaviour during faults, according to the most widely diffused distribution system architecture and to fault typologies, to define the functional requirements for fault passage indicators (FPI) and distribution substation units (DSU) (including their current and/or voltage sensors), which are, respectively, a device or a device/combination of devices and/or of functions able to detect faults and provide indications about their localization. By localization of the fault is meant the fault position with respect to the FPI/DSU installation point on the network (upstream or downstream from the FPI/DSU's location) or the direction of the fault current flowing through the FPI itself. The fault localization may be obtained - directly from the FPI/DSU, or - from a central system using information from more FPIs or DSUs, considering the features and the operating conditions of the electric system where the FPIs/DSUs are installed. This part of IEC 62689 is therefore aimed at helping users in the appropriate choice of FPIs/DSUs (or of a system based on FPI/DSU information) properly operating in their networks, considering adopted solutions and operation rules (defined by tradition and/or depending on possible constraints concerning continuity and quality of voltage supply defined by a national regulator), and also taking into account complexity of the apparatus and consequent cost. This part of IEC 62689 is mainly focused on system behaviour during faults, which is the "core" of FPI/DSU fault detection capability classes described in IEC 62689-1, where all requirements are specified in detail.

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IEC 61869-6:2016(E) is a product family standard and covers only additional general requirements for low-power instrument transformers (LPIT) used for a.c. applications having rated frequencies from 15 Hz to 100 Hz covering MV, HV and EHV or used for d.c. applications. This product standard is based on IEC 61869-1:2007, in addition to the relevant product specific standard. This part of IEC 61869 does not cover the specification for the digital output format of instrument transformers. This part of IEC 61869 defines the errors in case of analogue or digital output. The other characteristics of the digital interface for instrument transformers are standardised in IEC 61869-9 as an application of the standards, the IEC 61850 series, which details layered substation communication architecture. This part of IEC 61869 considers additional requirements concerning bandwidth. General Requirements; however, the reader is encouraged to use its most recent edition. This first edition of IEC 61869-6 cancels and replaces the relevant parts of IEC 60044-7, published in 1999, and of IEC 60044-8, published in 2002. This publication is to be read in conjunction with IEC 61869-1:2007

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IEC 62689-1:2016 defines the minimum requirements (therefore performances) and consequent classification and tests (with the exception of functional and communication ones) for fault passage indicators (FPIs) and distribution substation units (DSUs) (including their current and/or voltage sensors), which are, respectively, a device or a device/combination of devices and/or functions able to detect faults and provide indications about their localization.

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IEC 61869-4:2013 applies to newly-manufactured combined transformers for use with electrical measuring instruments and electrical protective devices at frequencies from 15 Hz to 100 Hz. The requirements and tests of this standard, in addition to the requirements and tests of IEC 61869-1, IEC 61869-2 and IEC 61869-3 cover current and inductive voltage transformers that are necessary for combined instrument transformers. This standard replaces IEC 60044-3: Combined transformers.

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IEC 61869-2:2012 is applicable to newly manufactured inductive current transformers for use with electrical measuring instruments and/or electrical protective devices having rated frequencies from 15 Hz to 100 Hz. This International Standard is to be used in conjunction with, and is based on, IEC 61869-1:2007. This International Standard cancels and replaces the first edition of IEC 60044-1, published in 1996, and its Amendment 1 (2000) and Amendment 2 (2002), and the first edition of IEC 60044-6, published in 1992. Additionally it introduces technical innovations in the standardization and adaptation of the requirements for current transformers for transient performance.

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IEC 61869-3:2011 applies to new inductive voltage transformers for use with electrical measuring instruments and electrical protective devices at frequencies from 15 Hz to 100 Hz. This standard replaces IEC 60044-2: Inductive Voltage Transformers. This publication is to be read in conjunction with IEC 61869-1:2007.

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IEC 61869-5:2011 applies to new single-phase capacitor voltage transformers connected between line and ground for system voltages Um ≥ 72,5 kV at power frequencies from 15 Hz to 100 Hz. They are intended to supply a low voltage for measurement, control and protective functions. This standard replaces IEC 60044-5 regarding capacitor voltage transformers as well as IEC-PAS 60044-5 for capacitor voltage transformers. This publication is to be read in conjunction with IEC 61869-1:2007.

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This International Standard is applicable to newly manufactured instrument transformers with analogue or digital output for use with electrical measuring instruments or electrical protective devices having rated frequencies from 15 Hz to 100 Hz. TC 38 decided to restructure the whole set of stand-alone Standards in the IEC 60044 series and transform it into a new set of standards composed of general requirements documents and specific requirements documents. This Standard is the first issue of this new series and can be regarded as a Product Family standard. It contains the general requirements for instrument transformers and shall be read in conjunction with the relevant specific requirements standard for the instrument transformer concerned.

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IEC 61869-13:2021 is a product standard and covers only additional requirements for stand-alone merging units (SAMUs) used for AC applications having rated frequencies from 15 Hz to 100 Hz. The digital output format specification is not covered by this document; it is standardized in IEC 61869-9 as an application of IEC 61850, which specifies the power utility communication architecture. This document covers SAMUs having standardized analogue inputs (for example: 1 A, 5 A, 3,25 V / √3 or 100 V / √3) provided by instrument transformers compliant with relevant product standards (e.g. IEC 61869-2 to IEC 61869-5, IEC 61869-7, IEC 61869-8, IEC 61869-10, IEC 61869-11, IEC 60044-1 to IEC 60044-6, IEC 60185, IEC 60186, IEEE C57.13), and aims to convert them to the digital output compliant with IEC 61869-9. Other input and output types are outside the scope of this document. Appropriate SAMU functionality can be combined with switchgear controller functionality defined in IEC 62271-3 or other IED functionality defined in IEC 60255 (all parts). Cyber security requirements are outside the scope of this document and are covered by the IEC 62351 series. IEC 61869-13:2021 is to be used in conjunction with IEC 61869-9:2016, Digital interface for instrument transformers, and IEC 61869­6:2016, Additional general requirements for low-power instrument transformers, which, in turn, are based on IEC 61869-1:2007, General requirements.

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2022-01-21: TC decision (BT report of plenary October 2021) to remove the Link to LVD and harmonize against EMCD instead.

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This European Standard specifies the requirements and tests for new three-phase voltage transformers with Um up to 52 kV and frequencies from 15 Hz to 100 Hz, for use with electrical instruments or electrical protective devices. NOTE Single-phase voltage transformers connected in a three-phase bank are not covered in this document.

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This part of EN 60044 applies to new single-phase capacitor voltage transformers connected between line and ground for system voltages Um 72,5 kV at power frequencies from 15 Hz to 100 Hz. They are intended to supply a low voltage for measurement, control and protective functions. The capacitor voltage transformer can be equipped with or without carrier-frequency accessories for power line carrier-frequency (PLC) application at carrier frequencies from 30 kHz to 500 kHz.

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Covers requirements, in addition to those given in EN 60185 and 60186, for transformers with combined voltage and current in the same casing.

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Superseded by EN 61869-3:2011

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Superseded by EN 61869-2:2012

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This part of EN 60044 applies to newly manufactured electronic current transformers having an analogue voltage output or a digital output, for use with electrical measuring instruments and electrical protective devices at nominal frequencies from 15 Hz to 100 Hz.

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EN following parallel vote * Superseded by EN 61869-2:2012

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EN following parallel vote *  Superseded by EN 61869-3:2011

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Applies to newly manufactured electronic voltage transformers with analogue output, for use with electrical measuring instruments and electrical protective devices at frequencies from 15 Hz to 100 Hz. The standard covers optical arrangements with electronic components. Three-phase voltage transformers are not included, but some of the requirements apply.

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Applies to newly manufactured current transformers for use with electrical measuring instruments and electrical protective devices at frequencies from 15 Hz to 100 Hz. Applies basically to transformers with separate windings, but also to autotransformers.

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Applies to new inductive voltage transformers for use with electrical measuring instruments and electrical protective devices at frequencies from 15 to 100 Hz. This standard relates basically to transformers with separate windings, but also to autotransformers. It replaces HD 554(92) plus Amendments 1 and 2 only for inductive voltage transformers. HD 554 remains in force for capacitive voltage transformers.

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Concerns requirements and tests, in addition to those given in chapter 1 of HD 553, that are necessary when inductive current transformers are used with electrical protective schemes in which the prime requirement is the maintenance of a defined performance up to several times the rated current when the current contains an exponentially decaying d.c. component of defined time constant.

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Handled by BTTF 56-3 (disbanded) * Superseded by EN 50482:2008

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CM prepared by BTTF 56-3 * Superseded by EN 60044-2:1999 and EN 60044-5:2004

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Covers requirements, in addition to those given in HD 553 and HD 554, for transformers with combined voltage and current in the same casing.

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