Computer systems and technological equipment play one of the leading roles in building a well-functioning business structure and creating a technological base for production. Since the pace of innovative development is accelerating every day, the rules for the introduction of new devices and technologies are changing to create safety and minimize losses and prevent risks in terms of carrying out activities. In order for the system to remain structured, streamlined and consistent, special rules and regulations are created that govern the introduction of innovations at the international level. Compliance with these rules will not only significantly increase the productivity of the activities carried out, but also expand the horizons of entering new markets. Today we will talk about the most basic international standards that govern technological aspects in the transport industry. If your company operates in an industry that is related to this field of activity, we recommend that you stay aware of the latest regulations at the international level.
Electronic fee collection - Test procedures for user and fixed equipment - Part 1: Description of test procedures (ISO 14907-1:2020)
In any industry, there is a product testing stage in the manufacturing process. For the transport industry, testing is responsible not only for quality, but also for safety during the further operation of the product. One of the documents governing test methods is EN ISO 14907-1: 2020. This document specifies the test procedures of electronic fee collection (EFC) roadside equipment (RSE) and on-board equipment (OBE) with regard to the conformance to standards and requirements for type approval and acceptance testing which is within the realm of EFC application specifically. The scope of this document is restricted to systems operating within the radio emission, electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) regulations, traffic, and other regulations of the countries in which they are operated. This document identifies a set of suitable parameters and provides test procedures to enable the proof of a complete EFC system, as well as components of an EFC system, e.g. OBE, related to the defined requirements of an application. The defined parameter and tests are assigned to the following groups of parameters: — functionality; — quality; — referenced pre-tests. An overview of the tests and parameters provided by this document is given in 5.1 and 5.2. This document describes procedures, methods and tools, and a test plan which shows the relation between all tests and the sequence of these tests. It lists all tests that are required to measure the performance of EFC equipment. It describes which EFC equipment is covered by the test procedures; the values of the parameters to be tested are not included. It also describes how the tests are to be performed and which tools and prerequisites are necessary before this series of tests can be undertaken. It is assumed that the security of the system is inherent in the communications and EFC functionality tests, therefore they are not addressed here. All tests in this document provide instructions to evaluate the test results. This document defines only the tests and test procedures, not the benchmark figures that these are to be measured against. The test procedures defined in this document can be used as input, e.g. by scheme owners, for prototype testing, type approvals, tests of installations and periodic inspections. Related to a conceptual model of an EFC system, this document relates only to the equipment of the user and the service provider. Any other entities are outside the scope of document. EFC systems for dedicated short-range communication (DSRC) consist, in principle, of a group of technical components, which in combination fulfil the functions required for the collection of fees by electronic automatic means. These components comprise all, or most, of the following: — OBE within a vehicle; — OBE containing the communications and computing sub-functions; — optional integrated circuit card which may carry electronic money, service rights, and other secured information; — communication between OBE and RSE based on DSRC; — equipment for the fee collection at the RSE containing the communications and computing sub-functions; — equipment for the enforcement at the roadside; — central equipment for the administration and operation of the system. The scope of this document relates solely to OBE and RSE and the DSRC interface between OBE and RSE including its functions to perform the fee collection. All the equipment used for enforcement (e.g. detection, classification, localization, and registration) and central equipment are outside the scope of this document. Since this standard contains a set of specifications of a technological nature, we recommend that you familiarize yourself with the specifics of the standard on our website in more detail in order to avoid the wrong choice and as a consequence of the erroneous adjustment of the system.
Electronic fee collection - Security framework (ISO 19299:2020)
The issue of safety is relevant in every production and activity. Since the number of possible threats increases with the development of technologies, therefore, the regulation of this aspect becomes more stringent. To regulate the security framework, a special standard EN ISO 19299: 2020 has been created. This document defines an information security framework for all organizational and technical entities of an EFC scheme and for the related interfaces, based on the system architecture defined in ISO 17573-1. The security framework describes a set of security requirements and associated security measures. Annex D contains a list of potential threats to EFC systems and a possible relation to the defined security requirements. These threats can be used for a threat analysis to identify the relevant security requirements for an EFC system. The relevant security measures to secure EFC systems can then be derived from the identified security requirements. We recommend that you familiarize yourself with this standard and have it available, since ignoring this particular aspect in the implementation of business activities can lead to unpleasant negative consequences.
Electronic invoicing - Part 3-2: Syntax binding for ISO/IEC 19845 (UBL 2.1) invoice and credit note
As noted, the diversity of technologies and industries in the transport sector requires an equally broad base of standards. International standards are even created to determine which parts are used in production and which technological connections need to be installed. One such standard is CEN / TS 16931-3-2: 2020. This document specifies the mapping between the semantic model of an electronic invoice, included in EN 16931-1 and the UBL 2.1 syntax (ISO/IEC 19845). For each element in the semantic model (including sub-elements or supplementary components such as Identification scheme identifiers) it is defined which element in the syntax is to be used to contain its information contents. Any mismatches between semantics, format, cardinality or structure are indicated. We recommend that you familiarize yourself with the detailed specifications of the standard in case your company comes into contact with the specifications described in the document.
Electronic invoicing - Part 3-3: Syntax binding for UN/CEFACT XML Industry Invoice D16B
Another document that defines the technical characteristics of the equipment and parts used is CEN / TS 16931-3-3: 2020 This document specifies the mapping between the semantic model of an electronic invoice, included in EN 16931 1 and the Cross Industry Invoice in the UN/CEFACT XML syntax. For each element in the semantic model (including sub-elements or supplementary components such as Identification scheme identifiers) it is defined which element in the syntax is to be used to contain its information contents. Any mismatches between semantics, format, cardinality or structure are indicated. Since this document is another part of the previous standard, if you cannot determine which part you need and is more applicable for business, you can contact our team, which will help you make the right choice.
Electronic invoicing - Part 3-4: Syntax binding for UN/EDIFACT INVOIC D16B
The next part of the mentioned standards is CEN / TS 16931-3-4: 2020. The set of these standards is new and contains the latest international rules that will help to significantly increase the productivity of the activities carried out taking into account new technologies. This document specifies the mapping between the semantic model of an electronic invoice, included in EN 16931 1 and the Cross Industry Invoice in the UN/CEFACT XML syntax. For each element in the semantic model (including sub-elements or supplementary components such as Identification scheme identifiers) it is defined which element in the syntax is to be used to contain its information contents. Any mismatches between semantics, format, cardinality or structure are indicated. The specificity of some documents may differ in only one or a couple of aspects, so we recommend that you clarify in more detail the features of each standard in order to carry out the most productive business activity.
Electronic invoicing - Part 7: Methodology for the development and use of EN 16931-1 compliant structured Core Invoice Usage Specifications
Each standard has specific conditions of use. In technical standards, these are mainly technological parameters. But there are also features associated with the field of activity and the methodology of its implementation. One such document is CEN / TS 16931-7: 2020 (one of the parts of the aforementioned standards). This document applies in case a CIUS is produced as a specification with the objective of registering it in the appropriate registry. This document also establishes requirements for the steps to be taken in the process of creating Core Invoice Usage Specifications (CIUS) as defined in EN 16931-1. Furthermore, this document provides guidance for the creation and implementation of a CIUS. The following points are the focus: - steps that need to be taken in consideration to avoid unnecessary proliferation and fragmentation in the use of CIUSs; - guidance on the creation and implementation of CIUSs, with a quality control objective. It should be noted that it is planned to apply the same principles and processes to extensions that are documented in a separate document. Therefore, if you have any questions regarding this document, you can follow the link to our website and clarify all the details with our team.
Compliance with international standards can be one of the key competitive advantages for your company in the international market.
The transport industry is extensive in terms of the regulation of certain aspects of production and operation. Depending on what the company does and what technologies it implements, it becomes necessary to have a certain standard. The importance of compliance with international rules is increasing every day, as the globalization of markets creates an increasing number of international relations and in order to expand the possibilities of interaction of your business with foreign partners, you need to play by the rules of the new time, which are clearly regulated by standards. You can always contact our team in order to choose the exact document that will contribute to the development of your business. Stay with iTeh and lead your industry.
- Latest News
- New Arrivals
- Services and Management
- Health Care
- Metrology and Measurement
- Mechanical Systems
- Electrical Engineering
- Information Technology
- Road Vehicles
- Railway Engineering
- Materials Handling
- Food technology
- Wood technology