Chimneys - Test methods for system chimneys - Part 1: General test methods
This document specifies material-independent general test methods for system chimneys.
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Standards Content (Sample)
2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.PHWRGH7&Abgasanlagen - Prüfverfahren für System-Abgasanlagen - Teil 1: Allgemeine PrüfverfahrenConduits de fumée - Méthodes d'essai des conduits systemes de fumée - Partie 1: Méthodes d'essai généralesChimneys - Test methods for system chimneys - Part 1: General test methods91.060.40Dimniki, jaški, kanaliChimneys, shafts, ductsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 13216-1:2004SIST EN 13216-1:2004en,fr,de01-oktober-2004SIST EN 13216-1:2004SLOVENSKI
SIST EN 13216-1:2004
EUROPEAN STANDARDNORME EUROPÉENNEEUROPÄISCHE NORMEN 13216-1September 2004ICS 91.060.40 English versionChimneys - Test methods for system chimneys - Part 1: Generaltest methodsConduits de fumée - Méthodes d'essai pour les systèmesde conduits de fumée - Partie 1: Méthodes d'essaigénéralesAbgasanlagen - Prüfverfahren für System-Abgasanlagen -Teil 1: Allgemeine PrüfverfahrenThis European Standard was approved by CEN on 1 April 2004.CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this EuropeanStandard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such nationalstandards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translationunder the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the officialversions.CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATIONCOMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATIONEUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNGManagement Centre: rue de Stassart, 36
B-1050 Brussels© 2004 CENAll rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reservedworldwide for CEN national Members.Ref. No. EN 13216-1:2004: ESIST EN 13216-1:2004
EN 13216-1:2004 (E) 2 Contents page Foreword.5 Introduction.6 1 Scope.7 2 Normative references.7 3 Terms and definitions.7 4 Test environment and measurement parameters.8 4.1 Location of test chimneys (see Figure 1).8 4.2 Test environment.8 4.3 Location for the measurement of ambient air condition (see Figure 1).8 4.4 Accuracy of measurement.8 5 Performance tests for system chimneys, material independent.9 5.1 General.9 5.2 Abrasion resistance test.9 5.2.1 Test apparatus.9 5.2.2 Test sample.9 5.2.3 Measuring parameters.10 5.2.4 Test procedure.10 5.2.5 Test results.10 5.3 Relative movement of the flue liner in multi-wall system chimneys.10 5.3.1 Test apparatus.10 5.3.2 Test sample.10 5.3.3 Measuring parameters.10 5.3.4 Test procedure.10 5.3.5 Test results.10 5.4 Gas tightness test.11 5.4.1 Test apparatus.11 5.4.2 Test sample.11 5.4.3 Measuring parameters.11 5.4.4 Test procedure.11 5.4.5 Test results.11 5.5 Condensate resistance test.12 5.5.1 Test apparatus.12 5.5.2 Test sample.12 5.5.3 Measuring parameters.12 5.5.4 Test procedure.13 5.5.5 Test results.13 5.6 Vapour and condensate resistance test.13 5.6.1 Test apparatus.13 5.6.2 Test sample.14 5.6.3 Measuring parameters.14 5.6.4 Test procedure.15 5.6.5 Test results.15 5.7 Thermal performance test.16 5.7.1 General.16 5.7.2 Test apparatus and test structure for thermal and thermal shock tests.16 5.7.3 Test sample.17 5.7.4
Measuring parameters.18 5.7.5 Test procedure.20 5.7.6 Test results.21 5.8 Thermal resistance test.21 SIST EN 13216-1:2004
EN 13216-1:2004 (E) 3 5.8.1 Test apparatus (see Figures 15 and 16).21 5.8.2 Test sample.22 5.8.3 Measuring parameters.22 5.8.4 Test procedure.22 5.8.5 Test results.23 5.9 Terminal flow resistance.23 5.9.1 Test apparatus.23 5.9.2 Test sample.24 5.9.3 Measuring parameters.24 5.9.4 Test procedure.24 5.9.5 Test results.24 5.10 Aerodynamic behaviour of terminal under wind conditions.25 5.10.1 Test apparatus.25 5.10.2 Test sample.25 5.10.3 Measuring parameters.25 5.10.4 Test procedure.25 5.10.5 Test results.25 5.11 Flow resistance of the test chimney, of fittings or liners.26 5.11.1 Test apparatus.26 5.11.2 Test sample.26 5.11.3 Measuring parameter.26 5.11.4 Test procedure.26 5.11.5 Test results.27 5.12 Rainwater resistance for chimney sections.28 5.12.1 Test apparatus.28 5.12.2 Test sample.28 5.12.3 Test procedure.28 5.12.4 Measuring parameters.29 5.12.5 Test results.29 5.13 Rainwater resistance for terminals.29 5.13.1 Test apparatus.29 5.13.2 Test sample.29 5.13.3 Test procedure.29 5.13.4 Measuring parameters.29 5.13.5 Test results.29 5.14 Test report.29 Annex A (informative)
Recommended test sequence.52 Annex B (normative)
Calculation method to predict condensation in multi-wall chimneys for different ambient air temperatures others than the test ambient air temperature.53 B.1 Dimensions of the chimney structure type.53 B.2 Calculation of the flue gas and inner wall temperatures.53 B.2.1 Calculation without taking account of condensation heat.53 B.2.2 Calculation with taking account of condensation heat.53 B.3 Calculation of layer temperatures.53 B.4 Thermal resistance, test chimney.54 B.5 Multi-wall chimney, back ventilated.54 B.5.1 General requirement.54 B.5.2 Removed moisture flow.54 B.5.3 Penetrating moisture flow.54 B.5.4 Maximum moisture flow.54 B.5.5 Layer temperatures.55 B.5.6 Calculation of the frictional and form resistance of the ventilation ducts, from a test chimney.55 B.5.7 Moisture flow at test chimney.55 B.5.8 Expression of results.55 B.6 Multi-wall chimneys without back-ventilation, designated W.55 B.6.1 General requirement.55 B.6.2 Partial pressures.55 B.6.3 Variations in partial pressure in critical planes.55 B.6.4 Penetrating moisture flow.55 B.6.5 Condensation water penetration.56 B.6.6 Layer temperatures.56 SIST EN 13216-1:2004
EN 13216-1:2004 (E) 4 B.6.7 Calculation of the variations in partial pressure in the chimney structure, height-dependent.56 B.6.8 Expression of results.56 Annex C (informative)
Methods of determining the effects of extract and air supply provisions.57 Annex D (normative)
Method of measuring the hot gas temperature.58 Annex E (informative)
Hot gas mass flow, heat capacity of the flue gas, example of air velocity for natural gas combustion.59 Annex F (informative)
Example of a test report.65 Bibliography.66
SIST EN 13216-1:2004
EN 13216-1:2004 (E) 5 Foreword This document (EN 13216-1:2004) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 166 "Chimneys", the secretariat of which is held by UNI. This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by March 2005, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by March 2005. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom. SIST EN 13216-1:2004
EN 13216-1:2004 (E) 6
Introduction CEN/TC 166 intends to publish the test methods for system chimneys as separate parts of a series of standards. The first part of the series of EN 13216 includes material-independent test methods for system chimneys. For the purpose of this document, system chimneys are considered as kits in the meaning of Guidance Paper C (see Bibliography). Further parts of the multi-part standard include material-specific test methods, each material used for the inner wall being decisive. The material-specific test methods are based on the general material-independent test methods. Considering the various characteristics, the material tests can be carried out on deviating specimens or can include other test procedures which however have correlation to those given in this standard. It is intended to prepare further parts if further material-specific standards are published. SIST EN 13216-1:2004
EN 13216-1:2004 (E) 7 1 Scope This document specifies material-independent general test methods for system chimneys. 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 1443:2003, Chimneys – General requirements. EN 10088-1, Stainless steels – Part 1: List of stainless steels. EN 13384-1, Chimneys – Thermal and fluid dynamic calculation methods – Part 1: Chimneys serving one appliance. EN 60529, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code) (IEC 60529:1989). BS 1042-2.1, Measurement of fluid flow in closed conduits – Velocity area method – Method using Pitot static tubes. 3 Terms and definitions For the purpose of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 1443:2003 and the following apply. 3.1 test chimney assembly of representative chimney components necessary to enable the system chimney to be assessed for the performance criteria 3.2 test assembly complete assembly of all parts necessary to enable the specific performance criteria (thermal performance and others) to be assessed, comprising test chimney, test structures, and measuring equipment 3.3 test sample assembly of chimney components necessary to enable the system chimney to be assessed as defined for specific performance criteria 3.4 test structure assembly of the additional materials (non-chimney components) to enable the test sample to be assessed for the specific performance criteria 3.5 thermal shock test method to assess the sootfire resistance characteristics of the system chimney (internal to external) 3.6 thermal test method to assess the temperature characteristics of the system chimney 3.7 vapour and condensate resistance test method to assess the system chimney’s resistance to vapour and condensate SIST EN 13216-1:2004
EN 13216-1:2004 (E) 8 3.8 condensate resistance test method to assess the components or sub assemblies of system chimney’s resistance to condensate 3.9 thermocouple rake assembly of thermocouples used to measure the temperature distribution across a flue 3.10 accuracy ability of the measuring instruments to give response in the specified range from the true value 3.11 uncertainty of measurement combination of all parameters (i.e. accuracy, human parameter, environmental parameters) to give response in the specified range from the true result 3.12 tolerance range in which a parameter has to be met without respects to accuracy an uncertainty of measurement 4 Test environment and measurement parameters 4.1 Location of test chimneys (see Figure 1) The minimum distance between the test chimneys and building structures (i.e. walls etc.) shall be 1,0 m. 4.2 Test environment The ambient air temperature in the test room shall not vary during tests by more than 5 °C and shall remain in the temperature range of 15 °C up to 30 °C. The test room shall consist of a ventilated space not subject to air movement greater than 0,5 m/s measured at the ambient thermocouple positions. 4.3 Location for the measurement of ambient air condition (see Figure 1) The ambient air temperature and velocity shall be measured at a position: 1,5 m ± 0,1 m above the test rig floor; 1,5 m ± 0,5 m from any walls of test chimneys; at least 1,0 m from any other structures. The ambient air temperature shall be measured for a test chimney, corner installation, enclosed, see 184.108.40.206.3 additional 0,3 m ± 0,1 m below the ceiling of zone B. 4.4 Accuracy of measurement The ambient air temperature shall be measured with an accuracy of ± 0,5 °C. The velocity of the ambient air shall be measured with an accuracy of ± 0,1 m/s. SIST EN 13216-1:2004
EN 13216-1:2004 (E) 9 5 Performance tests for system chimneys, material independent 5.1 General NOTE Annex A gives a recommended test sequence. 5.2 Abrasion resistance test 5.2.1 Test apparatus A tight fitting metal sleeve attached to a guide funnel shall be fitted into the top opening of the flue of the test chimney (see Figure 2). The alternative test sample from components may be tested as shown in Figure 3. A tight fitting metal sleeve attached to a plate which has an opening matching the area of the opening to the flue shall be fitted into the bottom opening of this test sample. A bottom plate supported directly over a collection box is positioned to collect any material which is dislodged during the test, and which is sufficiently deep to allow the brush to pass through the complete length of the test sample. The brush shall be attached either to a rod or to a sweeping equipment as shown in Figure 4. Use a sweeping brush having flat spring-steel bristles of stainless steel in accordance with EN 10088-1, grade X 10 Cr Ni 18-8, steel number 1.4310, with a cross section of (2,0 ± 0,2) mm x (0,25 ± 0,05) mm with the ends cut square. The bristles shall be arranged so that there are 5 per 10 mm length of the perimeter of the plan area of the brush. The brush may be a combination of single brushes. The over-all dimension of the brush shall be (25 ± 5) mm greater than the internal dimension of a round flue or the corresponding dimension of a flue with square or rectangular cross section (see Figure 4). The brush shall be held securely between plates having a plan dimension (100 ± 5) mm less than the internal dimension of the flue. The balance to weigh the deposit shall have an accuracy of 1,0 g. 5.2.2 Test sample The test sample shall be the test chimney used for the thermal performance tests, see Figure 2 or the alternative test sample, see Figure 3, thermally conditioned to the test temperature according to the designation given in EN 1443. The test sample shall be assembled as specified in the product standards. SIST EN 13216-1:2004
EN 13216-1:2004 (E) 10
5.2.3 Measuring parameters Measure the weight of material dislodged from the inner surface of the test assembly after 100 cycles with an accuracy of 1,0 g. The area for the inner surface of the test sample, exposed to abrasion shall be calculated. 5.2.4 Test procedure The brush shall be pushed down and up through the total length of the test sample with a maximum speed of 2 m/s and this represents one cycle. A test number of 100 cycles shall be completed. Record the weight of material dislodged and the dimensions of the inner surface. 5.2.5 Test results The recorded mass of material abraded from the inner surface of the test sample over 100 sweeping cycles shall be expressed in terms of kilograms per square meter of the total exposed area of the inner surface of the flue. 5.3 Relative movement of the flue liner in multi-wall system chimneys 5.3.1 Test apparatus A test apparatus which allows the measurement of deviations in the differential movement between the flue liner and the outer wall of multi-wall-system chimneys. The accuracy shall be ± 0,001 m. 5.3.2 Test sample The test sample shall be the test chimney used for the thermal performance tests, thermally conditioned according to the designation given in EN 1443.