Chimneys - Test methods for system chimneys - Part 1: General test methods

This document specifies material-independent general test methods for all system chimneys. It can be used for all flue gas carrying products.
NOTE   The thermal performance tests for the determination of the distance to combustible material for accessories (draught regulators, access components, etc.) are included in different standards of CEN/TC 166.

Abgasanlagen - Prüfverfahren für System-Abgasanlagen - Teil 1: Allgemeine Prüfverfahren

Dieses Dokument legt werkstoffunabhängige Prüfverfahren für sämtliche System-Abgasanlagen fest.
Die Prüfungen der thermischen Leistungskriterien für die Bestimmung der Entfernung zu brennbaren Stoffen in der vorliegenden Norm beziehen sich ausschließlich auf Abschnitte einer Abgasanlage.
ANMERKUNG   Die Prüfungen der thermischen Leistungskriterien für die Bestimmung der Entfernung zu brennbaren Stoffen für Zubehörteile (Nebenluftvorrichtung, Inspektionstüren usw.) werden in anderen Normen von CEN/TC 166 behandelt.

Conduits de fumée - Méthodes d'essai pour les systèmes de conduits de fumée - Partie 1 : Méthodes d'essai générales

Le présent document spécifie des méthodes d'essai générales pour les systèmes de conduits de fumée, indépendamment des matériaux utilisés.
Les essais de performance thermique de la présente norme, destinés à la détermination de la distance à respecter par rapport au matériau combustible, s’appliquent uniquement aux éléments droits de conduit de fumée.
NOTE : Les essais de performance thermique pour la détermination de la distance à respecter entre les matériaux combustibles et les accessoires (régulateurs de tirage, trappes d’inspection, etc.) sont intégrés à différentes normes du CEN/TC 166.

Dimovodne naprave - Preskusne metode za sistemske dimovodne naprave - 1. del: Splošne preskusne metode

Ta dokument določa splošne preskusne metode za vse sistemske dimovodne naprave, ne glede na material.
Toplotni delovni preskus za določanje razdalje do gorljivega materiala v tem standardu se uporabi le za dimovodne sekcije.
OPOMBA: Toplotni delovni preskus za določanje razdalje do gorljivih materialov za dodatke (regulatorji vleka, servisna vrata, itd.) je vključen v druge standarde CEN/TC 166.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
16-Apr-2019
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
17-Apr-2019
Completion Date
17-Apr-2019

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 13216-1:2019
01-julij-2019
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 13216-1:2004
Dimovodne naprave - Preskusne metode za sistemske dimovodne naprave - 1. del:
Splošne preskusne metode
Chimneys - Test methods for system chimneys - Part 1: General test methods
Abgasanlagen - Prüfverfahren für System-Abgasanlagen - Teil 1: Allgemeine
Prüfverfahren

Conduits de fumée - Méthodes d'essai pour les systèmes de conduits de fumée - Partie

1 : Méthodes d'essai générales
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 13216-1:2019
ICS:
91.060.40 Dimniki, jaški, kanali Chimneys, shafts, ducts
SIST EN 13216-1:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 13216-1:2019
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SIST EN 13216-1:2019
EN 13216-1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
April 2019
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 91.060.40 Supersedes EN 13216-1:2004
English Version
Chimneys - Test methods for system chimneys - Part 1:
General test methods

Conduits de fumée - Méthodes d'essai pour les Abgasanlagen - Prüfverfahren für System-

systèmes de conduits de fumée - Partie 1 : Méthodes Abgasanlagen - Teil 1: Allgemeine Prüfverfahren

d'essai générales
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 12 November 2018.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 13216-1:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 13216-1:2019
EN 13216-1:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 5

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 7

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 7

4 Test environment ......................................................................................................................................... 10

4.1 Location of test assembly .......................................................................................................................... 10

4.2 Conditions of the test environment ....................................................................................................... 13

4.3 Measurement of ambient air temperature and atmospheric pressure ................................... 13

4.4 Accuracy of measurement ......................................................................................................................... 13

5 Performance tests for system chimneys .............................................................................................. 13

5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 13

5.2 Abrasion resistance test ............................................................................................................................ 13

5.2.1 Test apparatus............................................................................................................................................... 13

5.2.2 Test sample .................................................................................................................................................... 14

5.2.3 Measuring parameters ............................................................................................................................... 17

5.2.4 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 17

5.2.5 Test results ..................................................................................................................................................... 17

5.3 Test of the relative movement of the flue liner in multi-wall system chimneys ................... 17

5.3.1 Test apparatus............................................................................................................................................... 17

5.3.2 Test sample .................................................................................................................................................... 17

5.3.3 Measuring parameters ............................................................................................................................... 17

5.3.4 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 17

5.3.5 Test results ..................................................................................................................................................... 17

5.4 Gas tightness test .......................................................................................................................................... 18

5.4.1 Test apparatus............................................................................................................................................... 18

5.4.2 Test sample .................................................................................................................................................... 18

5.4.3 Measuring parameters ............................................................................................................................... 20

5.4.4 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 20

5.4.5 Test results ..................................................................................................................................................... 20

5.5 Condensate penetration test (liquid phase) ....................................................................................... 20

5.5.1 Test apparatus............................................................................................................................................... 20

5.5.2 Test sample .................................................................................................................................................... 22

5.5.3 Measuring parameters ............................................................................................................................... 22

5.5.4 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 22

5.5.5 Test results ..................................................................................................................................................... 22

5.6 Condensate resistance test (vapour phase) ....................................................................................... 23

5.6.1 Test apparatus............................................................................................................................................... 23

5.6.2 Test sample .................................................................................................................................................... 23

5.6.3 Measuring parameters ............................................................................................................................... 25

5.6.4 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 26

5.6.5 Test results ..................................................................................................................................................... 27

5.7 Thermal performance test ........................................................................................................................ 27

5.7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 27

5.7.2 Test assembly ................................................................................................................................................ 28

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SIST EN 13216-1:2019
EN 13216-1:2019 (E)

5.7.3 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 38

5.7.4 Test results ...................................................................................................................................................... 40

5.8 Thermal resistance test .............................................................................................................................. 40

5.8.1 Test apparatus ............................................................................................................................................... 40

5.8.2 Test sample ..................................................................................................................................................... 42

5.8.3 Measuring parameters................................................................................................................................ 42

5.8.4 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 42

5.8.5 Test results ...................................................................................................................................................... 44

5.9 Terminal flow resistance for terminal Type I, II and III ................................................................. 44

5.9.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 44

5.9.2 Test apparatus ............................................................................................................................................... 44

5.9.3 Test sample ..................................................................................................................................................... 44

5.9.4 Measurement parameters ......................................................................................................................... 45

5.9.5 Test condition ................................................................................................................................................ 45

5.9.6 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 45

5.9.7 Test result ........................................................................................................................................................ 45

5.9.8 Flow resistance in the flue duct for terminals Type I, II and III ................................................... 48

5.9.9 Flow resistance in the air duct for terminals Type III ..................................................................... 48

5.10 Aerodynamic behaviour of terminal under wind conditions ....................................................... 49

5.10.1 For terminal Type II, test method for wind velocity pressure ..................................................... 49

5.10.2 For a terminal Type III, test method for wind velocity pressure ................................................ 51

5.10.3 For terminal Type III, test method for recirculation ....................................................................... 53

5.11 Flow resistance of the test chimney, of fittings or liners ................................................................ 55

5.11.1 Test apparatus ............................................................................................................................................... 55

5.11.2 Test sample ..................................................................................................................................................... 56

5.11.3 Measuring parameter.................................................................................................................................. 57

5.11.4 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 57

5.11.5 Test results ...................................................................................................................................................... 58

5.12 Rainwater resistance of chimney sections .......................................................................................... 59

5.12.1 Test apparatus ............................................................................................................................................... 59

5.12.2 Test sample ..................................................................................................................................................... 60

5.12.3 Measuring parameters................................................................................................................................ 60

5.12.4 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 60

5.12.5 Test results ...................................................................................................................................................... 60

5.13 Freeze–thaw resistance .............................................................................................................................. 60

5.13.1 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 60

5.13.2 Test samples ................................................................................................................................................... 61

5.13.3 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 61

5.13.4 Test result ........................................................................................................................................................ 63

5.14 Rainwater ingress for terminals ............................................................................................................. 63

5.14.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 63

5.14.2 For terminal Type Ib, II and III, test method without wind ........................................................... 64

5.14.3 For terminal Type Ib, II and III, test method with wind .................................................................. 66

5.15 Icing behaviour, test method for terminal Type II and III ............................................................. 69

5.15.1 Test apparatus ............................................................................................................................................... 69

5.15.2 Test sample ..................................................................................................................................................... 69

5.15.3 Measuring parameters................................................................................................................................ 69

5.15.4 Test condition ................................................................................................................................................ 69

5.15.5 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 70

5.15.6 Test result ........................................................................................................................................................ 71

Annex A (informative) Recommended test sequence .................................................................................. 72

Annex B (normative) Basic test structure ......................................................................................................... 73

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SIST EN 13216-1:2019
EN 13216-1:2019 (E)

Annex C (normative) Method of measuring the hot gas temperature ................................................... 75

Annex D (informative) Example of a test report ............................................................................................ 77

Annex E (informative) Terminals ........................................................................................................................ 79

E.1 Characterization of a terminal ................................................................................................................ 79

E.1.1 Types of terminals ....................................................................................................................................... 79

E.1.1.1 Type I ................................................................................................................................................................ 79

E.1.1.2 Type II ............................................................................................................................................................... 79

E.1.1.3 Type III ............................................................................................................................................................. 79

E.1.2 Wind direction characteristics ................................................................................................................ 79

E.2 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................ 80

E.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 80

E.2.2 Flow resistance of terminals Type I, II and III ................................................................................... 80

E.2.3 Aerodynamic properties of terminals Type II and III ..................................................................... 80

E.2.3.1 Terminal Type II ........................................................................................................................................... 80

E.2.3.2 Terminal Type III ......................................................................................................................................... 80

E.2.4 Rain water ingress ....................................................................................................................................... 81

E.2.5 Icing behaviour ............................................................................................................................................. 81

Annex F (informative) Type of test structure ................................................................................................. 82

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SIST EN 13216-1:2019
EN 13216-1:2019 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 13216-1:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 166

“Chimneys”, the secretariat of which is held by ASI.

This document shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text

or by endorsement, at the latest by month year of October 2019, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by January 2021.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document will supersede EN 13216:2004.

System chimneys type tested prior to this revision need not be retested, if historical data covers the

intended configuration for the relevant test.
In comparison to the previous edition the following changes were made:
a) clarification of the scope;
b) revision of terms and definitions;

c) revision of the thermal test assembly and test structure to include options for alternative building

insulation levels;
d) revision of the test procedure;
e) incorporation of terminals;
f) incorporation of test for freeze–thaw resistance;
g) incorporation of testing of concentric balanced flue systems;
h) editorial changes.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 13216-1:2019
EN 13216-1:2019 (E)
Introduction

CEN/TC 166 intends to publish the test methods for system chimneys as separate parts of a series of

standards.

The first part of the series of EN 13216 includes material-independent test methods for system

chimneys.

Further parts of the multi-part standard include material-specific test methods, each material used for

the inner wall being decisive. The material-specific test methods are based on the general material-

independent test methods. Considering the various characteristics, the material tests can be carried out

on deviating specimens or can include other test procedures that however have correlation to those

given in this document.

It is intended to prepare further parts if further material-specific standards are published.

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SIST EN 13216-1:2019
EN 13216-1:2019 (E)
1 Scope

This document specifies material-independent general test methods for all system chimneys. It can be

used for all flue gas carrying products.

NOTE The thermal performance tests for the determination of the distance to combustible material for

accessories (draught regulators, access components, etc.) are included in different standards of CEN/TC 166.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 1443, Chimneys - General requirements
EN 10088-1, Stainless steels - Part 1: List of stainless steels

EN 13384-1:2015, Chimneys - Thermal and fluid dynamic calculation methods - Part 1: Chimneys serving

one heating appliance
EN 60529, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code) (IEC 60529)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 1443 and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
test chimney

test sample necessary to enable the system chimney to be assessed for the performance criteria defined

in the relevant product standard
3.2
test assembly

construction of all parts necessary to enable the specific performance criteria to be assessed,

comprising test sample, test structures, and measuring equipment
3.3
test sample

assembly of chimney components necessary to enable the system chimney to be assessed for specific

performance criteria
3.4
test structure

assembly of the additional materials (non-chimney components) to enable the test sample to be

assessed for the specific performance criteria
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SIST EN 13216-1:2019
EN 13216-1:2019 (E)
3.5
thermal performance test
method to assess the temperature characteristics of the system chimney
3.6
heat stress test

method to assess the temperature characteristics of the system chimney under normal operating

conditions
3.7
sootfire resistance test

method to assess the sootfire resistance characteristics of the system chimney (internal to external)

3.8
condensate resistance test (vapour phase)
method to assess the system chimney’s resistance to vapour and condensate
Note 1 to entry: This describes the vapour phase.
3.9
condensate penetration test (liquid phase)

method to assess the components or sub-assemblies of system chimney’s resistance to condensate in

the liquid phase
Note 1 to entry: This describes the liquid phase.
3.10
accuracy

ability of the measuring instruments to give response in the specified range from the true value

3.11
uncertainty of measurement

combination of all parameters to give response in the specified range from the true result

Note 1 to entry: Parameters are e.g. accuracy, human parameter, or environmental parameters.

3.12
tolerance
range in which a parameter has to be met
3.13
distance to combustible material

declared distance to combustible material verified in the thermal performance test

3.14
test apparatus
equipement used to perform a test
3.15
conditioning
stabilisation of the sample in ambient air as specified in product standard
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SIST EN 13216-1:2019
EN 13216-1:2019 (E)
3.16
pit

damage in form of superficial fault consisting of a fraction of material detached from the body of the

test-sample with a mean dimension of over 7 mm
3.17
hair crack

damage which is deemed to be harmless in form of superficial crack having a width of not more than

0,15 mm
3.18
nascent crack

damage which is deemed to be harmless in form of crack formation at the edge, only crack penetrating

slightly into the interior of the test sample
3.19
surface crack

damage caused by crack of more than 0,15 mm width which does not pass through the test sample

3.20
scaling

damage caused by surface raising, nascent chipping or crack, which initiates damage

3.21
peeling

damage characterised by the loss of part of the superficial layer of the test sample

3.22
surface damage

damage caused by breaking off (detachment) a part of the surface of the test sample; the surface area of

the test sample remains unchanged
3.23
flaking

damage characterised by a progressive loss of material affecting the whole, or part of the thickness of

the sample
3.24
structural crack

structural damage consisting of a more or less regular crack running throughout the entire thickness of

the test sample and visible to the naked eye
3.25
break

structural damage consisting of a separation of the test sample into two or more fragments

3.26
delamination
damage in the form of lamellar flaking in a succession of parallel layers
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SIST EN 13216-1:2019
EN 13216-1:2019 (E)
4 Test environment
4.1 Location of test assembly

The distance between the test assembly as shown in Figure 1 a) to 1 c) and other structures (e.g. test

room walls) shall be sufficient to not influence the test results; a distance of at least 1,0 m is deemed to

satisfy this requirement.
a) — Test assembly (schematic)
...

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