Information technology -- Document description and processing languages -- Office Open XML File Formats

ISO/IEC 29500-1:2016 defines a set of XML vocabularies for representing word-processing documents, spreadsheets and presentations. On the one hand, the goal of ISO/IEC 29500 is to be capable of faithfully representing the pre-existing corpus of word-processing documents, spreadsheets and presentations that had been produced by the Microsoft Office applications (from Microsoft Office 97 to Microsoft Office 2008, inclusive) at the date of the creation of ISO/IEC 29500. It also specifies requirements for Office Open XML consumers and producers. On the other hand, the goal is to facilitate extensibility and interoperability by enabling implementations by multiple vendors and on multiple platforms. ISO/IEC 29500-1:2016 specifies concepts for documents and applications of both strict and transitional conformance.

Technologies de l'information -- Description des documents et langages de traitement -- Formats de fichier "Office Open XML"

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
25-Oct-2016
Current Stage
9020 - International Standard under periodical review
Start Date
15-Oct-2021
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INTERNATIONAL ISO/IEC
STANDARD 29500-1
Fourth edition
2016-11-01
Information technology — Document
description and processing
languages — Office Open XML File
Formats —
Part 1:
Fundamentals and Markup Language
Reference
Technologies de l’information — Description des documents et
langages de traitement — Formats de fichier “Office Open XML” —
Partie 1: Principes essentiels et référence de langage de balisage
Reference number
ISO/IEC 29500-1:2016(E)
ISO/IEC 2016
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ISO/IEC 29500-1:2016(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO/IEC 2016, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Ch. de Blandonnet 8 • CP 401
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO/IEC 2016 – All rights reserved
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ISO/IEC 29500-1:2016(E)
Table of Contents

Foreword .................................................................................................................................................... viii

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................. x

1. Scope ......................................................................................................................................................1

2. Conformance ..........................................................................................................................................2

2.1 Document Conformance ..............................................................................................................................2

2.2 Application Conformance ............................................................................................................................2

2.3 Application Descriptions ..............................................................................................................................3

2.4 Interoperability Guidelines ..........................................................................................................................5

3. Normative References .............................................................................................................................6

4. Terms and Definitions ........................................................................................................................... 10

5. Notational Conventions ......................................................................................................................... 13

6. Acronyms and Abbreviations ................................................................................................................. 14

7. General Description............................................................................................................................... 15

8. Overview .............................................................................................................................................. 16

8.1 Content Overview ..................................................................................................................................... 16

8.2 Packages and Parts ................................................................................................................................... 16

8.3 Consumers and Producers ........................................................................................................................ 16

8.4 WordprocessingML ................................................................................................................................... 16

8.5 SpreadsheetML ......................................................................................................................................... 18

8.6 PresentationML......................................................................................................................................... 18

8.7 Supporting MLs ......................................................................................................................................... 19

9. Packages ............................................................................................................................................... 21

9.1 Office Open XML's Use of OPC.................................................................................................................. 21

9.2 Relationships in Office Open XML ............................................................................................................ 22

10. Markup Compatibility and Extensibility .............................................................................................. 27

11. WordprocessingML ............................................................................................................................ 28

11.1 Glossary of WordprocessingML-Specific Terms .................................................................................. 28

11.2 Package Structure ................................................................................................................................ 28

11.3 Part Summary ...................................................................................................................................... 31

11.4 Document Template ............................................................................................................................ 57

11.5 Framesets ............................................................................................................................................ 58

11.6 Master Documents and Subdocuments .............................................................................................. 59

11.7 Mail Merge Data Source ...................................................................................................................... 60

11.8 Mail Merge Header Data Source ......................................................................................................... 61

11.9 XSL Transformation ............................................................................................................................. 62

12. SpreadsheetML .................................................................................................................................. 64

12.1 Glossary of SpreadsheetML-Specific Terms ........................................................................................ 64

12.2 Package Structure ................................................................................................................................ 65

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12.3 Part Summary ...................................................................................................................................... 67

12.4 External Workbooks .......................................................................................................................... 102

13. PresentationML ............................................................................................................................... 103

13.1 Glossary of PresentationML-Specific Terms ...................................................................................... 103

13.2 Package Structure .............................................................................................................................. 103

13.3 Part Summary .................................................................................................................................... 106

13.4 HTML Publish Location ...................................................................................................................... 124

13.5 Slide Synchronization Server Location .............................................................................................. 125

14. DrawingML ...................................................................................................................................... 127

14.1 Glossary of DrawingML-Specific Terms ............................................................................................. 127

14.2 Part Summary .................................................................................................................................... 127

15. Shared ............................................................................................................................................. 140

15.1 Glossary of Shared Terms .................................................................................................................. 140

15.2 Part Summary .................................................................................................................................... 141

15.3 Hyperlinks .......................................................................................................................................... 162

16. Part Overview .................................................................................................................................. 164

16.1 WordprocessingML Summary ........................................................................................................... 164

16.2 SpreadsheetML Summary ................................................................................................................. 164

16.3 PresentationML Summary ................................................................................................................. 165

16.4 DrawingML Summary ........................................................................................................................ 166

16.5 Shared Summary ............................................................................................................................... 166

17. WordprocessingML Reference Material ............................................................................................ 169

17.1 Table of Contents .............................................................................................................................. 169

17.2 Main Document Story........................................................................................................................ 189

17.3 Paragraphs and Rich Formatting ....................................................................................................... 195

17.4 Tables ................................................................................................................................................. 373

17.5 Custom Markup ................................................................................................................................. 485

17.6 Sections.............................................................................................................................................. 547

17.7 Styles .................................................................................................................................................. 614

17.8 Fonts .................................................................................................................................................. 670

17.9 Numbering ......................................................................................................................................... 692

17.10 Headers and Footers ......................................................................................................................... 734

17.11 Footnotes and Endnotes ................................................................................................................... 747

17.12 Glossary Document ........................................................................................................................... 780

17.13 Annotations ....................................................................................................................................... 798

17.14 Mail Merge ........................................................................................................................................ 929

17.15 Settings .............................................................................................................................................. 970

17.16 Fields and Hyperlinks ....................................................................................................................... 1158

17.17 Miscellaneous Topics ....................................................................................................................... 1293

17.18 Simple Types .................................................................................................................................... 1302

18. SpreadsheetML Reference Material ................................................................................................ 1523

18.1 Table of Contents ............................................................................................................................ 1523

18.2 Workbook ........................................................................................................................................ 1542

18.3 Worksheets ...................................................................................................................................... 1589

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18.4 Shared String Table .......................................................................................................................... 1717

18.5 Tables ............................................................................................................................................... 1726

18.6 Calculation Chain ............................................................................................................................. 1742

18.7 Comments ....................................................................................................................................... 1745

18.8 Styles ................................................................................................................................................ 1752

18.9 Metadata ......................................................................................................................................... 1801

18.10 Pivot Tables...................................................................................................................................... 1815

18.11 Shared Workbook Data ................................................................................................................... 1959

18.12 QueryTable Data .............................................................................................................................. 1988

18.13 External Data Connections .............................................................................................................. 1995

18.14 Supplementary Workbook Data ...................................................................................................... 2016

18.15 Volatile Dependencies ..................................................................................................................... 2026

18.16 Custom XML Mappings .................................................................................................................... 2031

18.17 Formulas .......................................................................................................................................... 2039

18.18 Simple Types .................................................................................................................................... 2434

19. PresentationML Reference Material ............................................................................................... 2516

19.1 Table of Contents ............................................................................................................................ 2516

19.2 Presentation .................................................................................................................................... 2522

19.3 Slides ................................................................................................................................................ 2559

19.4 Comments ....................................................................................................................................... 2597

19.5 Animation ........................................................................................................................................ 2601

19.6 Slide Synchronization Data .............................................................................................................. 2690

19.7 Simple Types .................................................................................................................................... 2691

20. DrawingML - Framework Reference Material .................................................................................. 2719

20.1 DrawingML - Main ........................................................................................................................... 2719

20.2 DrawingML - Picture ........................................................................................................................ 3087

20.3 DrawingML - Locked Canvas ............................................................................................................ 3095

20.4 DrawingML - WordprocessingML Drawing ...................................................................................... 3096

20.5 DrawingML - SpreadsheetML Drawing ............................................................................................ 3152

21. DrawingML - Components Reference Material ................................................................................ 3181

21.1 DrawingML - Main ........................................................................................................................... 3181

21.2 DrawingML - Charts ......................................................................................................................... 3361

21.3 DrawingML - Chart Drawings ........................................................................................................... 3469

21.4 DrawingML - Diagrams .................................................................................................................... 3490

22. Shared MLs Reference Material ...................................................................................................... 3599

22.1 Math ................................................................................................................................................ 3599

22.2 Extended Properties ........................................................................................................................ 3720

22.3 Custom Properties ........................................................................................................................... 3727

22.4 Variant Types ................................................................................................................................... 3729

22.5 Custom XML Data Properties .......................................................................................................... 3740

22.6 Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................... 3743

22.7 Additional Characteristics ................................................................................................................ 3780

22.8 Office Document Relationships ....................................................................................................... 3784

22.9 Shared Simple Types ........................................................................................................................ 3785

23. Custom XML Schema References .................................................................................................... 3800

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23.1 Table of Contents ............................................................................................................................ 3800

23.2 Elements .......................................................................................................................................... 3800

Annex A. (normative) Schemas – W3C XML Schema .................................................................................. 3805

A.1 WordprocessingML ............................................................................................................................... 3805

A.2 SpreadsheetML ..................................................................................................................................... 3871

A.3 PresentationML..................................................................................................................................... 3955

A.4 DrawingML - Framework ...................................................................................................................... 3986

A.5 DrawingML - Components .................................................................................................................... 4054

A.6 Shared MLs............................................................................................................................................ 4105

A.7 Custom XML Schema References ......................................................................................................... 4129

Annex B. (informative) Schemas – RELAX NG ............................................................................................ 4131

B.1 WordprocessingML ............................................................................................................................... 4132

B.2 SpreadsheetML ..................................................................................................................................... 4178

B.3 PresentationML..................................................................................................................................... 4273

B.4 DrawingML - Framework ...................................................................................................................... 4298

B.5 DrawingML - Components .................................................................................................................... 4350

B.6 Shared MLs............................................................................................................................................ 4386

B.7 Custom XML Schema References ......................................................................................................... 4402

B.8 Additional Resources ............................................................................................................................ 4403

Annex C. (informative) Additional Syntax Constraints ............................................................................... 4405

Annex D. (informative) Namespace Prefix Mapping in Examples ............................................................... 4406

Annex E. (informative) WordprocessingML Custom XML Data Extraction ................................................... 4408

Annex F. (normative) WordprocessingML Page Borders ............................................................................ 4411

Annex G. (normative) Predefined SpreadsheetML Style Definitions ........................................................... 4412

G.1 Built-in Table Styles ............................................................................................................................... 4412

G.2 Built-in Cell Styles.................................................................................................................................. 4468

G.3 Built-in PivotTable AutoFormats ........................................................................................................... 4472

Annex H. (informative) Example Predefined DrawingML Shape and Text Geometries ................................ 4488

Annex I. (informative) Bidirectional Support ............................................................................................. 4489

I.1 Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 4489

I.2 Shared (WordprocessingML and DrawingML) ...................................................................................... 4489

I.3 WordprocessingML ............................................................................................................................... 4491

I.4 SpreadsheetML ..................................................................................................................................... 4494

I.5 PresentationML..................................................................................................................................... 4495

I.6 DrawingML ............................................................................................................................................ 4495

I.7 The Unicode Bidirectional Algorithm and Office Open XML ................................................................ 4495

Annex J. (informative) Accessibility Best Practices .................................................................................... 4499

J.1 The Value of Creating an Accessible Office Open XML Implementation .............................................. 4499

J.2 Needs by Type of Disability ................................................................................................................... 4500

J.3 Best Practices for Developers ............................................................................................................... 4503

J.4 Best Practices for Document and Template Authors ........................................................................... 4506

J.5 Best Practices for Customers of Office Open XML Implementations ................................................... 4519

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Annex K. (informative) Root Element Locations ........................................................................................ 4532

K.1 Grouped by Part Name ......................................................................................................................... 4532

K.2 Grouped by Schema Name ................................................................................................................... 4534

Annex L. (informative) Primer .................................................................................................................. 4538

L.1 Introduction to WordprocessingML ..................................................................................................... 4538

L.2 Introduction to SpreadsheetML............................................................................................................ 4630

L.3 Introduction to PresentationML ........................................................................................................... 4769

L.4 Introduction to DrawingML .................................................................................................................. 4801

L.5 Introduction to VML.............................................................................................................................. 4960

L.6 Introduction to Shared MLs .................................................................................................................. 4974

L.7 Miscellaneous Topics ............................................................................................................................ 5005

Annex M. (informative) Differences Between ISO/IEC 29500 and ECMA-376:2006 ..................................... 5016

M.1 WordprocessingML ............................................................................................................................... 5016

M.2 SpreadsheetML ..................................................................................................................................... 5019

M.3 PresentationML..................................................................................................................................... 5020

M.4 DrawingML ............................................................................................................................................ 5021

M.5 VML ....................................................................................................................................................... 5022

M.6 Shared ....................................
...

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