Environmental management for concrete and concrete structures — Part 8: Environmental labels and declarations

This document provides a general principle, procedures and requirements for environmental labels and declarations for concrete and concrete structures. It is used for the environmental labels and declarations for concrete constituents, reinforcement, concrete, concrete products and concrete structures. NOTE This document contains more specific requirements for environmental labels and declarations for concrete and concrete structures, based on ISO 14020, ISO 14024, ISO 14025 and ISO 21930. This document includes the following phases of concrete and concrete structures: — production phase of concrete constituents, concrete and concrete products; — execution phase of concrete structures; — use phase of concrete structures; and — end-of-life phase. This document applies to the partial life cycle (certain phases of the life cycle) or the entire life cycle of concrete and concrete structures. It applies to new concrete and concrete structures as well as to existing concrete and concrete structures.

Management environnemental du béton et des structures en béton — Partie 8: Étiquettes et déclarations environnementales pour le béton

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
09-Jan-2019
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
10-Jan-2019
Completion Date
10-Jan-2019
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 13315-8
First edition
2019-01
Environmental management for
concrete and concrete structures —
Part 8:
Environmental labels and declarations
Management environnemental du béton et des structures en béton —
Partie 8: Étiquettes et déclarations environnementales pour le béton
Reference number
ISO 13315-8:2019(E)
ISO 2019
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ISO 13315-8:2019(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2019

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
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Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO 13315-8:2019(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Symbols and abbreviated terms ........................................................................................................................................................... 3

5 Objectives ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6 Common aspects in environmental labels and declarations for concrete and

concrete structures ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 4

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6.2 Environmental aspect and impact ......................................................................................................................................... 4

6.3 Product categories ............................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6.4 Life cycle phases and information modules ................................................................................................................... 5

6.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.4.2 Phase A-1 ................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

6.4.3 Phase A-1 to Phase A-2 ............................................................................................................................................... 6

6.4.4 Phase A-1 to Phase A-3 ............................................................................................................................................... 6

6.4.5 Phase A to Phase B ......................................................................................................................................................... 7

6.4.6 Phase A to Phase C .......................................................................................................................................................... 7

6.4.7 Specific phase ..................................................................................................................................................................... 7

6.5 System boundary and inventory data ................................................................................................................................. 7

6.6 Service life ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

6.7 Scenarios ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

7 Environmental labels for concrete and concrete structures .................................................................................. 9

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

7.2 Product environmental criteria .............................................................................................................................................10

7.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................10

7.2.2 Product environmental criteria for concrete constituents and

reinforcement (Phase A-1) ...................................................................................................................................10

7.2.3 Product environmental criteria for concrete and concrete products (Phase

A-1 and A-2) ......................................................................................................................................................................10

7.2.4 Product environmental criteria for concrete structure (Phase A) .....................................10

7.2.5 Product environmental criteria for concrete structure (Phase A to Phase B) .........10

7.2.6 Product environmental criteria for concrete structure (Phase A to Phase C) .........10

7.3 Verification ..............................................................................................................................................................................................11

7.4 Certification for labelling ............................................................................................................................................................12

8 Environmental declarations for concrete and concrete structures .............................................................12

8.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................12

8.2 Declared unit and functional unit ........................................................................................................................................12

8.2.1 Declared unit ....................................................................................................................................................................12

8.2.2 Functional unit................................................................................................................................................................12

8.3 Environmental data .........................................................................................................................................................................13

8.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................13

8.3.2 Data derived from LCI ..............................................................................................................................................13

8.3.3 Data derived from LCIA ...........................................................................................................................................13

8.3.4 Other data ...........................................................................................................................................................................14

8.3.5 Additional environmental information .....................................................................................................14

8.4 Technical information for scenarios ..................................................................................................................................14

8.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................14

8.4.2 Phase A-3 .............................................................................................................................................................................15

8.4.3 Phase B ..................................................................................................................................................................................15

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ISO 13315-8:2019(E)

8.4.4 Phase C ..................................................................................................................................................................................16

8.5 Verification ..............................................................................................................................................................................................16

8.6 Declaration ..............................................................................................................................................................................................16

Annex A (informative) Example of product environmental criteria for recycled concrete

aggregate ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................17

Annex B (informative) Example of product environmental criteria for ready-mixed concrete ..........19

Annex C (informative) Example product environmental criteria for a concrete structure ......................21

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................23

iv © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO 13315-8:2019(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso

.org/iso/foreword .html.

ISO/TC 71, Concrete, reinforced concrete and pre-stressed concrete, Subcommittee SC 8, Environmental

management for concrete and concrete structures.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/members .html.
A list of all parts in the ISO 13315 series can be found on the ISO website.
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved v
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ISO 13315-8:2019(E)
Introduction

The use of concrete in buildings and civil engineering works has a large impact on the environment

throughout the life cycle. Therefore, the designers, producers, constructors and users of concrete and

concrete structures are increasingly demanding information on the environmental performance of

concrete and concrete structures in the form of environmental labels and declarations.

This document comprehensively includes Type I environmental labelling and Type III environmental

declarations in one standard in a harmonized way. It is intended to provide the clear and scientifically

sound principles and procedures for the environmental labels and declarations for concrete and

concrete structures that are consistent with ISO 14020, ISO 14024, ISO 14025 and ISO 21930.

Figure 1 shows the relationship of this document with other International Standards.

Figure 1 — Relationship of this document with other International Standards
vi © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 13315-8:2019(E)
Environmental management for concrete and concrete
structures —
Part 8:
Environmental labels and declarations
1 Scope

This document provides a general principle, procedures and requirements for environmental labels

and declarations for concrete and concrete structures. It is used for the environmental labels and

declarations for concrete constituents, reinforcement, concrete, concrete products and concrete

structures.

NOTE This document contains more specific requirements for environmental labels and declarations for

concrete and concrete structures, based on ISO 14020, ISO 14024, ISO 14025 and ISO 21930.

This document includes the following phases of concrete and concrete structures:
— production phase of concrete constituents, concrete and concrete products;
— execution phase of concrete structures;
— use phase of concrete structures; and
— end-of-life phase.

This document applies to the partial life cycle (certain phases of the life cycle) or the entire life cycle

of concrete and concrete structures. It applies to new concrete and concrete structures as well as to

existing concrete and concrete structures.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 13315-1:2012, Environmental management for concrete and concrete structures — Part 1: General

principles

ISO 13315-2, Environmental management for concrete and concrete structures — Part 2: System boundary

and inventory data
ISO 14020, Environmental labels and declarations — General principles

ISO 14024, Environmental labels and declarations — Type I environmental labelling — Principles and

procedures

ISO 14025, Environmental labels and declarations — Type III environmental declarations — Principles and

procedures

ISO/TS 14027, Environmental labels and declarations — Development of product category rules

ISO 14040, Environmental management — Life cycle assessment — Principles and framework

ISO 14044, Environmental management — Life cycle assessment — Requirements and guidelines

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ISO 13315-8:2019(E)
ISO 16204, Durability — Service life design of concrete structures

ISO 21930, Sustainability in buildings and civil engineering works — Core rules for environmental product

declarations of construction products and services

ISO 22965-1, Concrete — Part 1: Methods of specifying and guidance for the specifier

ISO 22965-2, Concrete — Part 2: Specification of constituent materials, production of concrete and

compliance of concrete
ISO 22966, Execution of concrete structures
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https: //www .iso .org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http: //www .electropedia .org/
3.1
concrete constituent
material used to produce concrete

Note 1 to entry: The concrete constituents include cement, aggregates, additions, admixtures, water or fibres.

3.2
declared unit

quantity of a construction product for use as a reference unit in an environmental declaration (3.3),

based on life cycle assessment, for the expression of environmental information needed in information

modules (3.6)

[SOURCE: ISO 21930:2017, 3.1.11, modified — “EPD” has been changed to “environmental declaration”

and “LCA” to “life cycle assessment”.]
3.3
environmental declaration

declaration providing quantified environmental data using predetermined parameters and, where

relevant, additional environmental information

[SOURCE: ISO 14025:2006, 3.2, modified — “Type III” has been deleted from the term and “environmental

declaration” has been changed to “declaration” in the definition. The Notes to entry have been removed.]

3.4
environmental label

certified label on products indicating overall environmental preferability of a product within a

particular product category based on life cycle considerations

[SOURCE: ISO 14024:2018, 3.1, modified — “Type I” and “programme” have been deleted and “labelling”

has been changed to “label” from the term. In addition, “voluntary, multiple-criteria-based third party

programme that awards a licence which authorizes the use of environmental” has been replaced with

“certified” in the definition.]
3.5
functional unit

quantified performance of a product system for concrete and concrete structures for use as a

reference unit

[SOURCE: ISO 14040:2006, 3.20, modified — “for concrete and concrete structures” has been added to

the definition.]
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ISO 13315-8:2019(E)
3.6
information module

compilation of data to be used as a basis for environmental labels (3.4) and declarations, covering a unit

process or a combination of unit processes that are part of the life cycle of a product

[SOURCE: ISO 14025:2006, 3.13, modified — “a Type III environmental declaration” has been changed

to “environmental labels and declaration”.]
3.7
precast concrete product

product made of concrete cast and cured in a place other than the final location of use (factory produced

or site manufactured)

EXAMPLE The precast concrete product include precast concrete and concrete masonry units.

[SOURCE: ISO 22966:2009, 3.14, modified — “element” has been replaced with “product in the term and

“concrete element” has been changed to “product made of concrete” in the definition. An Example has

been added and the Note to entry has been deleted.]
3.8
product category rules
PCR

set of specific rules, requirements and guidelines for developing environmental declarations (3.3) for

one or more product categories
[SOURCE: ISO 14025:2006, 3.5, modified — “Type III” has been deleted.]
3.9
reinforcement

steel or fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) used to reinforce concrete such as reinforcing bars and

prestressing or post stressing tendons
3.10
service life

period of time after installation during which a concrete structure or its parts meet or exceed the

performance requirements

[SOURCE: ISO 15686-1:2011, 3.25, modified — “facility” has been changed to “concrete structure” and

“component” has been deleted.]
4 Symbols and abbreviated terms
Symbol Description Unit
E energy mega joule or kilowatt hour
m mass tonne (metric tonne), kilogram or gram
A area square metres
V volume cubic metres
AP acidification potential —
EP eutrophication potential —
GWP global warming potential —
LCA life cycle assessment —
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ISO 13315-8:2019(E)
LCI life cycle inventory analysis —
LCIA life cycle impact assessment —
ODP ozone depletion potential —
5 Objectives
The objectives of this document are to:

— provide environmental information to be used as performance criterion for concrete constituents,

reinforcement, concrete, concrete products and concrete structures;

— facilitate communication of the environmental information involved with production of concrete

constituents, production of concrete and concrete products, execution of concrete structures, use

of concrete structures including operation, maintenance and remedial activities, and end-of-life

activities including demolition, reuse/recycling and final disposal;

— enable producers of concrete constituents, concrete and concrete products to reduce the

environmental impact of their operations and products; and

— enable designers or constructors to reduce the environmental impact of concrete structures.

6 Common aspects in environmental labels and declarations for concrete and
concrete structures
6.1 General

Environmental performances of the concrete constituents, reinforcement, concrete, concrete products

and concrete structures shall be evaluated based on respective product environmental criteria for

environmental labels or product category rules for environmental declarations. The requirements of

ISO 14020, ISO 14024, ISO 14025, ISO/TS 14027, ISO 14040, ISO 14044 and ISO 21930 shall apply.

6.2 Environmental aspect and impact

The use of natural resources and energy, the generation of waste and the release of noise and emissions

to air, water and soil shall be considered as environmental aspects directly related to concrete

and concrete structures. These environmental aspects related to environmental impacts shall be

expressed in terms of environmental impact categories and category indicators, which are listed in

ISO 13315-1:2012, 4.3 and category indicators.

NOTE Also, see ISO 21929-1 and ISO/TS 21929-2 for indicators and impacts in buildings and civil

engineering works.

Environmental performance of concrete and concrete structures shall be evaluated in labels and

declarations in terms of environmental impact categories and category indicators.

6.3 Product categories

A product category for environmental labels and declarations for concrete and concrete structures

shall be selected from the primary categories listed in Table 1, which indicates the standard product

category on the basis of the same unit.

If necessary, the primary product category should be sub-divided into each class of the product or

product group.
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ISO 13315-8:2019(E)
Table 1 — Product categories
Product Primary category Subcategory
Portland cement
Cement
Blended cement, alkali-activated cement, etc.
Addition Fly ash, blast furnace slag, silica fume, etc.
Water reducing/plasticizing admixtures, air
Admixture
Concrete constit-
entraining admixture, set retarding admixtures, etc.
uents
Natural aggregate, recycled aggregate, artificial
Aggregate
aggregate, etc.
Water Tap water, ground water, reclaimed water, etc.
Others Fibres, etc.
Steel reinforcement Black steel, stainless steel, coated steel, etc.
Reinforcement
FRP reinforcement FRP bars, FRP sheets, etc.
Ready-mixed concrete
Concrete
Others
Concrete masonry units
Concrete products Precast concrete
Others
Buildings
Road
Bridge
Concrete struc-
tures
Civil engineering structures Dam
Tunnel
Others

NOTE See ISO 12439:2010, A.3 on limitations on the use of water recovered from processes in the concrete

industry (or reclaimed water).
6.4 Life cycle phases and information modules
6.4.1 General

Life cycle of concrete and concrete structures shall be divided into three phases:

— production/execution phase (Phase A);
— use phase (Phase B); and
— end-of-life phase (Phase C) as shown in Figure 2.

The production and execution phase shall be further divided into three sub-phases:

— the production of concrete constituents (e.g. cement, additions and admixtures, aggregates and

water) and reinforcement (Phase A-1);
— the production of concrete and concrete products (Phase A-2); and
— the execution of concrete structures (Phase A-3).
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ISO 13315-8:2019(E)

In addition, Phase D is an optional supplementary information module which can be used to include

the potential benefits from reuse and recycling of concrete which is beyond the system boundary of

information modules of Phases A, B and C.

NOTE 1 See ISO 13315-1:2012, 4.2 for further explanation of the life-cycle phases of concrete and concrete

structures.

NOTE 2 See ISO 21930:2017, 5.2.1 for further explanation of Phase D, which is an optional supplementary

information module beyond the system boundary.

Data on environmental aspects and impacts necessary for environmental labels and declarations shall

be provided as information modules.

The environmental labels and declarations shall be made based on relevant information modules, but if

necessary, with optional information modules.

If the information modules considered in environmental labels and declarations do not cover the phase

specified in 6.4.2 to 6.4.6, it shall be stated and the reason for omission shall be clearly explained and

justified. In case certain information modules are not relevant to the environmental performance of the

product, the relevant module shall be declared as “not relevant.”
EXAMPLE A plain concrete pedestal does not include any reinforcement.

Optional information modules not included in the phase specified in 6.4.2 to 6.4.6 may be added if

necessary.

EXAMPLE Demountable concrete product is an example where the environmental impact associated with

the product includes Phase C in addition to Phase A.
6.4.2 Phase A-1

The environmental labels and declarations for concrete constituents and reinforcement shall be made

based on a relevant mandatory information module in Phase A-1.

NOTE The main organization which applies the environmental label and declaration for concrete

constituents and reinforcement is the producer.

The environmental labels and declarations for concrete constituents and reinforcement can be given

as one aggregated module or three separated modules of resource extraction, transportation of raw

materials and production using dashed boxes as shown in Figure 2.
6.4.3 Phase A-1 to Phase A-2

The environmental labels or declarations for concrete and/or concrete products shall be made based on

the relevant mandatory information modules in Phase A-1 and Phase A-2.

The environmental labels and declarations for concrete and concrete products can be given as one

aggregated module or two separated modules of transportation of concrete constituents and production

as shown using dashed boxes in Figure 2.

NOTE The main organization which applies the environmental label and declaration for concrete and/or

concrete products is the producer.
6.4.4 Phase A-1 to Phase A-3

The environmental labels and declarations for a concrete structure until the completion of construction

shall include all relevant information modules in Phase A-1, Phase A-2 and Phase A-3.

6 © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO 13315-8:2019(E)

The environmental labels and declarations for execution of concrete structures can be given as one

aggregated module or two separated modules of transportation of concrete and conc

...

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