Information technology — Telecommunications and information exchange between systems — High-level data link control procedures — Description of the X.25 LAPB-compatible DTE data link procedures

Cancels and replaces the first edition (1986). Defines an application of certain HDLC standards. Also defines the structure, elements and procedures for the operation of a DTE using the X.25 LAPB protocol. The procedures are applicable to data interchange between a DTE and a DCE, or between two DTEs. The procedures are defined for use on duplex links, using synchronous transmission or start/stop transmission.

Technologies de l'information — Télécommunications et échange d'information entre systèmes — Procédures de commande de liaison de données de haut niveau — Description des procédures de liaison de données ETTD compatibles X.25 LAPB

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
21-Jun-1995
Current Stage
9093 - International Standard confirmed
Start Date
28-Jun-2001
Completion Date
28-Jun-2001
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ISO/IEC 7776:1995 - Information technology -- Telecommunications and information exchange between systems -- High-level data link control procedures -- Description of the X.25 LAPB-compatible DTE data link procedures
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INTERNATIONAL
ISO/IEC
STANDARD 7776
Second edition
1995-07-01
Information technology -
Telecommunications and information
exchange between Systems - High-level
data link control procedures - Description
of the X.25 LAPB-compatible DTE data link
procedures
Technologies de I ’informa tion - T6kcommunica tions et Gchange
d ‘in forma tion en tre sys tkmes - Prockdures de commande de liaison de
donnees de haut niveau - Description des procedures de liaison de
donnees ETTD compatibles X.25 LAPB
Reference number
ISO/1 EC 7776: 1995(E)
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISOhEC 7776 : 1995 (E)
Page
Contents
Foreword....................................................... iii

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Scope ......................................................
Normative references. .........................................
Framestructure ...............................................

Elements of procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

Description of the procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Multilink procedure (MLP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1

Conformance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

Annexes

A PICS Proforma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

B Repeated requirements from other International Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . 39

0 ISOAEC 1995

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be

reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronie or mechanical, including

photocopying and microfilm, without Permission in writing from the publisher.
ISO/IEC Copyright Office l Case Postale 56 l CH-121 1 Geneve 20 l Switzerland
Printed in Switzerland
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0 ISO/IEC
ISO/IEC 7776 : 1995 (E)
Foreword
ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (the Inter-
national Electrotechnical Commission) form the specialized System for worldwide

standardization. National bodies that are members of ISO or IEC participate in the

development of International Standards through technical committees established

by the respective organization to deal with particular fields of technical activity.

ISO and IEC technical committees collaborate in fields of mutual interest. Other
international organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with
ISO and IEC, also take part in the work.
In the field of information technology, ISO and IEC have established a joint
technical committee, ISO/IEC JTC 1. Draft International Standards adopted by the

joint technical committee arc circulated to national bodies for voting. Publication

as an International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the national
bodies casting a vote.
International Standard ISOLIEC 7776 was prepared by Joint Technical Committee
ISO/IEC JTC 1, Information technology.
This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 7776:1986), and
consolidates Amendment 1: 1992, as well as Technical Corrigenda 1, 2 and 3.
Annex A forms an i
ntegral part of this International Standard. Annex B is for
information only
. . .
111
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0 ISO/IEC
ISOIIEC 7776 : 1995 (E)
Introduction
This document provides the ISO/IEC description of the ITU-T Recornmendation X.25

LAPB interface Operation as viewed by the DTB. It is the DTE counterpart of the X.25

LAPB DCE description.

This document also provides the ISO/IEC description of how two DTEs are capable of

communicating directly with one another at the Data Link Iayer using the X.25 LAPB

procedures without an intervening public data network.
The Data Link layer provides the DTE with three basic functions:

a) link initialization: necessary for the DTE to begin communication in a known state;

b) flow control: control of the flow of frames between the DTE and the other Station

@CE or DTE) to ensure that they are not sent more quickly than they tan be
received; and
c) error control: provided in two forrns:
a cyclic redu ndancy check using a Io-bit polynomial to detect mutilated
1) OW
frames, and
2) use of sequence numbers to ensure against losing entire frames.
(The Data Link layer endeavours to ensure correct receipt of all frames by
retransmission of mutilated or missing frames.)

This International Standard repeats requirements of other International Standards. Annex B

contains a list of these repeated requirements and references to the corresponding

International Standards.

To evaluate conformance of a particular implementation, it is necessary to have a Statement

of which capabilities and Options have been implemented. Such a Statement is called a

“Protocol Implementation Conformance Statement” (PICS), as defined in ISO/IEC 9646-1.

This International Standard provides such a PICS proforma in compliance with the relevant

requirements, and in accordance with the relevant guidance, given in ISO/IEC 9646-2.

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD @ ISOmC ISOhEC 7776 : 1995 (E)
Information technology - Telecommunications and
information exchange between Systems - High-level data
Description of the X.25 LAPB-
link control procedures -
compatible DTE data link procedures
1 Scope

This International Standard defines an application of the following HDLC Standards: ISO/IEC 3309, ISO/IEC 4335, ISO 7478, and ISO/IEC

7809. When there is difficulty in the interpretation of a reworded requirement from one of the other International Standards, the original

requirement of ISO/IEC 3309, ISO/IEC 4335, ISO 7478 or ISO/IEC 7809 is definitive. It also defines the structure, elements and procedures

for the Operation of a DTE using the X.25 LAPB protocol as specified in ITU-T Recommendation X.25.1) The procedures are applicable to

data interchange between a DTE and a DCE, or between two DTEs. The procedures are defined for use on duplex links, using synchronous

transmission or start/stop transmission.

Clause 3 describes two frame structures: one for basic (modulo 8) Operation and one for extended (modulo 128) Operation. Basic (modulo 8)

Operation is the ISO/IEC balanced asynchronous class of procedure with optional functions 2 and 8 (BAC, 2, 8). Extended (modulo 128)

Operation is the ISO/IEC balanced asynchronous class of procedure with optional functions 2, 8 and 10 (BAC, 2, 8, 10). For those DTE/DCE

connections that support both basic (modulo 8) Operation and extended (modulo 128) Operation, the choice is made at subscription-time only.

For those DTE/remote DTE connections that support both basic (modulo 8) Operation and extended (modulo 128) Operation, the choice is

made by bilateral agreement.

NOTE - The procedure herein described as basic (modulo 8) Operation is the only one available in all public data networks.

Clause 3 also describes two methods for encoding the frames, as sequences of bits when synchronous transmission is used, and as sequences

of octets when start/stop transmission is used. The start/stop encoding specifies optional mechanisms, for use in environments that are

sensitive to transmission of octets with values that could be interpreted as ISO/IEC 646 control characters, a.nd/or in environments that

support transfer of only seven data bits per start/stop Character. The choice of encoding is made by bilateral agreement, or other suitable

means, to suit the data transmission characteristics of the environment.

Clause 4 describes the elements of procedures. Same aspects are only operable for the basic (modulo 8) Operation and some for the extended

(modulo 128) Operation.

Clauses 5 and 6 describe the Single link procedure (SLP) which is derived fror-n the frame structure and the elements of procedures, and an

optional multilink procedure (MLP), respectively. The SLP is used for data interchange over a Single data link and the MLP is used for data

interchange over a multiple of parallel SLPs. An MLP is required if the effects of individual SLP failures are not to disrupt the higher layer

Operation. An MLP tan also be used over a Single SLP by Prior bilateral agreement. For DTE/DCE connections the choice of an MLP

Operation or not is made at subscription-time only. For DTE/remote DTE connections, the choice is made by bilateral agreement.

Where choices among alternative actions are indicated in the procedures, a recommended choice is usually indicated. Unless specifically

stated otherwise, the choice of action does not affect interoperability with other implernentations of this International Standard although

efficiency of Operation may be affected. Where such choices do affect interoperability, the procedures explicitly state that Prior bilateral

1) Future revisions of this International Standard will be made in accordance with revisions of KU-T Recommendation X.25. The pre.sent Version is based

on the 1993 ITU-T Recommendation X.25
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ISO/IEC 7776 : 1995 (E)

agreement on the choice of procedure with the remote end is needed. An attempt has been made to minimize such choices consistent with the

need to satisfy a broad range of applications. A basic requirement for all implernentations of this International Standard is that they be

capable of responding, as specified, to any actions taken at the remote end that are permitted by this International Standard (except possibly

for those procedures whose use involves Prior bilateral agreement.)

Clause 7 covers the Static Conformance requirements, the Dynamit Conformance requirements, and the Protocol Implementation

Conformance Statement (PICS).
2 Normative references.

The following Standards contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of this International Standard. At the

time of publication, the editions indicated were valid. All Standards are subject to revision, and Parties to agreements based on this

International Standard are encouraged to investigate the possibility of applying the most recent editions of the Standards listed below.

Members of IEC and ISO maintain registers of currently valid International Standards.

ISO/IEC 646: 199 1, Information technology -ISO 7-bit coded Character set for iriformation interchange.

ISOfIEC 3309: 1993, Information technology - Telecommunications and information exchange between Systems - High-level data link

control (HDLC) procedures -Frame structure.

ISO/IEC 4335: 1993, Information technology - Telecommunications and information exchange between Systems - High-level data link

control (HDLC) procedures - Elements of procedure.

ISO 7478: 1987, Information processing Systems - Data communicatiorr - Multilink procedures.

ISO/IEC 7809: 1993, Information technology - Telecommurrications and information cxchange bctween systems - High-level data link

control procedures (HDLC) - Classes of procedures.

ISO/IEC 9646- 1: 1994, Information technology - Open Systems Interconnection - Conformance testing methodology and framework -

Part 1: General concepts.

ISO/IEC 9646-2: 1994, Information technology - Open Systems Interconnection - Conformance testing methodology and framework -

Part 2: Abstract Test Suite specijication.

ITU-T Recommendation X.25, Interface between data terminal equipment (DTE) and data circuit-terminating equi ’lment (DCE) for

terminals operating in the packet nzode and connected to public duta networks by dedicated circuit.

3 Frame structure

All transmissions on a SLP are in frames conforrning to one of the fomlats of table 1 for basic (modulo 8) Operation, or altematively one of

the formats of table 2 for extended (modulo 128) Operation. The flag preceding the address Geld is defined as the opening flag. The flag

following the FCS field is defined as the closing flag.

All transmissions from the DCE/remote DTE are expected to use this frame structure.

TabIe 1 - Frame formats - Basic (nnodulo 8) Operation
Bit Order of
transmission 12345678 12345678 12345678 16to 1 12345678
Flag Address Control FCS Flag
F A C FCS F
8-bi ts 16-bits 01111110
01111110 8-bits
FCS = Frame Check Sequence
Bit Order of
transmission 12345678 12345678 12345678 16to 1 12345678
Control Information FCS Flag
Flag Address
F A C 1 FCS F
01111110 8-bits 8-bits N-bits 16-bits 01111110
FCS = Frame Check Sequence
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0 ISO/IEC ISOhEC 7776 : 1995 (E)
Table 2 - Frame formats - Extended (modulo 128) Operation
Bit Order of
transmission 12345678 12345678 1 to * 16to 1 12345678
Address Control
FCS
nag I nag 1
I I I I
/ olllF1llo / 8-tts mpmmr..h,,, 1 lZts 1 OlllF1l10 /
FCS = Frame Check Sequence
Bit Order of
transmission 12345678 12345678 12345678 16to 1 12345678
Flag Address Control Information FCS Flag
F A F
C 1 FCS
01111110 8-bits 8-bits N-bits 16-bits 01111110
FCS = Frame Check Sequence

16 for frame formats that contain sequence numbers; 8 for frame formats that do not contain sequence numtxrs.

3.1 Flag sequence

All frames shall Start and end with the flag sequence consisting of one “0” bit followed by six contiguous “1” bits and one “0” bit. The DTE

hunts continuously for this sequence on a bit-by-bit basis, and thus uses the flag sequence for frame synchronization. The DTE/DCE/remote

DTE may send one or more complete frag sequences between frames. The DTE shall only send complete eight-bit flag sequences when

sending multiple flag sequences (see 3.10). A Single flag may be used as both the closing flag for one frame and the opening flag for the next

frame.
3.2 Address field

The address field shall consist of one octet. The address field identifies the intended receiver of a command frame and the transmitter of a

response frame. The coding of the address field is described in 5.1.
3.3 Control field

For basic (modulo 8) Operation, the control field shall consist of one octet. For extended (modulo 128) Operation, the control field shall

consist of two octets for frame formats that contain sequence nurnbers, and one octet for frame formats that do not contain sequence

numbers. The content of this field is described in 4.1.
3.4 Information field

The information field of a frame, when present, follows the control Geld (see 3.3) and precedes the frame check sequence (see 3.6). (See

4.3.9 and 6.2 for the various codings and groupings of bits in the infomjation field that are defined for use in this International Standard.) The

coding and grouping of bits received from a higher layer are unrestricted, except for requirements that are imposed by the higher layer itself.

For start/stop transmission there shall be eight (8) infom-tation bits between the Start element and the stop element: the information field is

therefore constrained to be octet-aligned.
See 4.3.9 and 5.7.3 with regard to the maximum infomjation field length.
3.5 Transparency
3.5.1 Synchronous transmission

A DTE, when transmitting, shall examine the frame content between the two flag sequences including the address, control, inforrnation and

FCS fields and shall insert a “0” bit after all sequences of five contiguous ” 1” bits (including ehe last five bits of the FCS) to ensure that a flag

sequence is not simulated. A DTE, when receiving, shall exanline the frame content and shall discard any “0” bit which directly follows five

contiguous ” 1” bits.
3.5.2 Startktop transmission

Two principal levels of transparency processing are specified for use with start/stop transmission. These are seven-bit data path transparency

(SBDPT), specified in 3.5.2.1, and control-escape transparency, specified in 3.5.2.2. Control-escape transparency shall always be performed.

SBDPT is an Option, use or non-use of which is selected for a given data link by means outside the scope of this International Standard (for

example, a priori knowledge, bilateral agreement, heuristic implementation techniques). The control-escape transparency processing may

optionally be extended in its application in one of the two ways specified in 3.5.2.3; use or non-use of either of these for a given data link is

again selected by means outside the scope of this International Standard.
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ISO/IEC 7776 : 1995 (E)
3.5.2.1 Seven-bit data path transparency

When SBDPT is selected, the content of each frame - from Address f ’ield to FCS field inclusive - shall be transferred between sender and

receiver as a frame-image derived from the original frame as follows.
with

The sequence of octets making up the frame content is considered as div fided into a sequence of contiguous seven-octet Segments,

possibly a final Segment having length between one and six octets inclusive. These segm .ents are referred to as original Segments.

The frame-image consists of a sequence of image Segments defiied, in one-to-one correspondence with the original Segments, as follows:

a) image Segments occur in the same Order as the corresponding original Segments;

b) each image Segment is one octet langer than its original Segment;

c) the first part of each image Segment is a copy of its original Segment, but with the most significant bit (MSB) of each octet set to Zero;

d) the remaining, final, octet of each image Segment has its least significant bit set to the value of the MSB of the last octet of the

original Segment, its next to least significant bit set to the value of the MSB of the next to last octet (if any) of the original Segment,

and so on;

e) in the fmal octet of each image Segment, all higher Order bits for which no corresponding octet exists in the original Segment are set to

Zero.
NOTES

At the transmitter, the final octet of each image segment tan be generated by shifting left the MSB of each octet in the original Segment, in

sequence, into an initially zero octet: this achieves the correct bit-positioning both for complete Leven-octet segments and for any short segment at the end of a

frame.

2 The MSB of each image-segment octet is defined as zero only for uniqueness of the mapping: because its value is known and plays no part in the

reconstruction of the original segment at the receiver, it need not actually be transrnitted as a zero bit value. This allows image .segments to be transferred

across data paths that, for example, forte parity setting of the MSB of each octet.

3.5.2.2 Control-escape transparency

The following transparency mechanism shall be applied to each frame-image: a frame-image is as defined in 3.5.2.1 when SBDPT is

selected, and otherwise is identical to the frame content from Address field to FCS field inclusive.

The control escape octet identifies an octet occurring within a frame-image to which the following transparency procedure is applied. The

encoding of the control escape octet is:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Bit Position in octet
10111110
Low Order bit, first bit transmitted / received

The transmitter shall examine each octet of the frame-image between the two flag octets and shall:

a) upon the occurrence of the flag sequence or a control escape octet, complement the sixth bit of the octet, and

b) insert a control escape octet immediately preceding the octet resulting from the above, Prior to transmission.

examine the frame-im age between the two flag octets and shall, upon receipt of a control escape octet and Prior to FCS

The receiver shall
calculation:
a) discard the control escape octet, and
b) restore the immediately following octet by complementing its sixth bit.
Extended transparency
3.5.2.3
transparency

The transmitter may apply the above control-escape procedure (3.5.2.2) to octets in the groups defined below, in addition to the

and control escape octets.
fl%
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3.5.2.3.1 Flow-control transparency

The flow-control transparency Option provide transparency processing for the DCl/XON and DC3/XOFF control characters defined in ISO/

IEC 646: that is, for the octet values 1000100x and 1100100x, respectively, where the 8th bit “x” represents either “0” or “1 ”. This has the

effect of assuring that the octet stream does not contain values that could be interpreted by intermediate equipment as flow control characters

(regardless of parity).
3.5.2.3.2 Control-Character ocfet transparency

The control-Character octet transparency Option provides transparency processing for all octets in which both the 6th and 7th bit are “0” (i.e.,

xxxxxOOx, where each “x” represents either “0” or “l”), and for the DELETE Character octet (i.e., 111111 IX, where “x” represent “0”

“1 ”). This has the effect of assuring that the octet stream does not contain values that could be interpreted by intermediate equipment as the

control characters or DELETE Character defined by ISO/IEC 646 (regardless of parity).

3.6 Frame check sequence (FCS) field

The FCS field shall be a 16-bit sequence. It shall be the ones complement of the sum (modulo 2) of

a) the remainder of
+ ,II + XI0 + x9 + J+ + x ’7 + Al+ + xj + AI + xj’ + x2 + x + 1)
$(xIJ + XI4 + x*3 + x*2
divided (modulo 2) by the generator polynomial
x ’6 + XI2 + x5 + 1

where k is the number of bits in the frame existing between, but not including, the final bit of the opening flag and the first bit of the

FCS, excluding Start and stop elements (start/stop transmission) and bits (synchronous transmission) or octets (start/stop transmission)

inserted for transparency, and
b) the remainder of the division (modulo 2) by the generator polynomial
,16+-J+ +x5+ 1

of the product of x ~6 by the content of the frame existing between, but not including, the final bit of the opening flag and the first bit

of the FCS, excluding Start and stop elements (start/stop transmission) and bits (synchronous transmission) or octets (start/stop

transmission) inserted for transparency.

As a typical implementation, at the transmitter, the initial content of the register of the device computing the remainder of the division is

preset to all ones and is then modified by division by the generator polynomial (as described above) of the address, control and inforrnation

fields; the ones complement of the resulting rernainder is transmitted as the 16-bit FCS.

receiver, the ln1t1 al content remainder is preset to all ones. The fmal remainder

At the of the register of the device computing the
ication by x16 and then divisi on (modulo 2) by the generator polynomial
multipl
XI6 +x12 + x5 + 1
of the serial incoming protected bits and the FCS will be
0001110100001111 (~ ‘5 through ~8, respectively)
in the absence of transmission errors.
3.7 Transmission considerations
3.7.1 Order of bit transmission

Addresses, commands, responses and sequence numbers shall be transmitted with the low-Order bit fkst (for example, the first bit of the

sequence number that is transmitted shall have the weight 29.

The Order of transmitting bits within the information field is specified for specific information Geld formats as defmed elsewhere in this

International Standard.

The FCS shall be transmitted to the line commencing with the coefficient of the highest term, which is found in bit Position 16 of the FCS

field (see tables 1 and 2).
NOTE - The low-Order bit is defined as bit 1, as depicted in tables 1 to 8.
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ISO/IEC 7776 : 1995 (E)
0 ISO/IEC
3.7.2 Starthtop transmission

For startstop transmission, each octet is delimited by a Start element and a stop element. Mark-hold (continuous logical “1” state) is used for

inter-octet time fill if required. Typical octet transmission is as shown in Figure 1.

octet n +1 octet n + 2
octet n
Obbbbbbbbl Obbbbbbbblobbbbbbbbl
W ’[*4 1 *’ t Octetdatabit(Opr1)
Mark-hold (contmuous mark condition) as required
Stop element (logical 1: marking condition)
Data bits (low Order first transmitted)
Start element (logical0: spacing condition)
Figure 1 - Startktop transmission
3.8 Invalid frames
3.8.1 Synchronous transmission
An invalid frame is defined as one which
a) is not properly bounded by two flags;
contains fewer than 32 bits between flags;
c) contains a Frame Check Sequence (FCS) error; or
d) contains an address field encoding other than that defined in 5.1.

NOTE - For those DTEs and DCEs that at-e octet-aligned, a detection of non-octet alignment may be made at the Data Link layer or in the higher layer.

Detection at the Data Link layer, while not required, is accomplished by adding a frame validity check that requires the number of bits between the opening

flag and the closing tlag, excluding bits inserted for transparency, to be an integral number of octets in length, or the frame is considered invalid.

3.8.2 Startktop transmission
An invalid frame is one:

a) containing fewer than four octets between flags, excluding octets inserted for transparency;

b) in which octet framing is violated (i.e., a “0” bit occurs where a stop element is expected); or

c) ending with a control escape - closing flag sequence.
3.9 Frame abortion
3.9.1 Synchronous transmission
“ 1” bits (with no inserted “0” bits).
Aborting a frame is performed by transmitting at least seven contiguous
3.9.2 Startktop transmission

Aborting a frame is performed by transmitting the two-octet sequence “control escape - closing flag ”.

3.10 Interframe time fill
3.10.1 Synchronous transmission

Interframe time fill is accomplished by transrnitting contiguous flags between frames (i.e., multiple IJ-bit flag sequences).

3.10.2 Startktop transmission

Interframe time fill is accomplished by transmitting either successive flags (with mark-hold for inter-octet time fill if required) or a

continuous mark condition (logical “ 1” state) between fr-armes.
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3.11 Data link channel states
3.11.1 Synchronous transmission
3.11.1.1 Active channel state

The DTE outgoing channel is in active condition when the DTE is actively transmitting a frame, an abortion sequence or interframe time fill.

The DTE incoming channel is defined to be in an active condition when the DTE is actively receiving a frame, an abortion sequence or

interframe time fill.
3.11.1.2 Idle channel state

The DTE outgoing channel is in an idle condition when the DTE Causes a continuous “1” state that persists for at least 15 bit times. The DTE

incoming channel is defined to be in an idle condition when the DTE detects that a continuous “1” state has persisted for at least 15 bit times.

The action to be taken by a DCE upon detection of the idle channel state is not defiied at this time. The DTE, upon detection of the idle

channel state, may interpret the idle condition as an indication that the DCE is not able to support set up of the data link.

NOTE - Upon detection of the idle channel state for at least T3, the DTE should consider the data link to be in the disconnected state. T3 is as defhed in

5.7.1. .3.
3.11.2 Startktop transmission
3.11.2.1 Active channel state

The DTE outgoing channel is in active condition when the DTE is actively transmitting a frame, an abortion sequence, or interframe time fill

consisting of flag octets separated by inter-octet time fill not greater than the timeout value for idle channel state (see 3.11.2.2). The DTE

incoming channel is defined to be in an active condition when the DTE is actively receiving a frame, an abortion sequence, or interframe

time fill as just specified for the outgoing channel.
3.61.2.2 Idle channel state

The DTE outgoing channel is in an idle condition when the DTE Causes a continuous ” 1” state that persists for a period of time determined

by the timeout value T5 at the DCE/remote DTE. The DTE incoming channel is defined to be in an idle condition when the DTE detects that

a continuous “1” state has persisted for a period of time exceeding the DTE timeout value T5. T5 is as defined in 5.7.1.5.

be taken by a DCE upon detection of the idle state is not defined at this time. The DTE, upon detection of the idle

The action to channel

channel state, may interpret the idle condition as an indication that the DCE is not able to support set up of the data link.

NOTE - Upon detection of the idle channel state for at least T3, the DTE should consider the data link to be in the disconnected state. T3 is as defined in

5.7.1.3.
4 Elements of procedures

The elements of procedures arc defined in terms of actions that occur at the DTE on receipt of commands from the DCE/remote DTE.

The elements of procedures speci fied below contain a selection of commands and response relevant to the data link and System configuration

described in clause 1.
4.1 Control field formats and state variables
4.1.1 Control field formats

The control field indicates the type of commands or responses, and contains sequence numbers where applicable.

Three types of control field formats are used to perform numbered information transfer (1 format), numbered supervisory functions (S

format) and unnumbered control functions (U format). The control field formats for basic (modulo 8) Operation are depicted in table 3 and

the control field fomlats for extended (modulo 128) Operation at-e depicted in table 4.

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Table 3 - Control field formats - Basic (modulo 8) Operation
Control field b
...

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