Health informatics — Categorial structure for representation of traditional Chinese medicine clinical decision support system

This document specifies the categorial structure within the field of traditional Chinese medicine clinical decision support system by defining a set of domain constraints of sanctioned characteristics, each composed of a relationship and an applicable information model. This document is not applicable to Western medicine and Japanese Kampo medicine. It is not applicable to the design and management of artificial intelligence diagnosis and treatment.

Informatique de santé — Structure catégorielle pour la représentation du système d'aide à la décision clinique en médecine traditionnelle chinoise

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
01-Jun-2022
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
02-Jun-2022
Due Date
10-Sep-2023
Completion Date
02-Jun-2022
Ref Project

Buy Standard

Technical specification
ISO/TS 5346:2022 - Health informatics — Categorial structure for representation of traditional Chinese medicine clinical decision support system Released:6/2/2022
English language
7 pages
sale 15% off
Preview
sale 15% off
Preview
Technical specification
REDLINE ISO/TS 5346:2022 - Health informatics — Categorial structure for representation of traditional Chinese medicine clinical decision support system Released:4/20/2022
English language
7 pages
sale 15% off
Preview
sale 15% off
Preview
Technical specification
ISO/TS 5346:2022 - Health informatics — Categorial structure for representation of traditional Chinese medicine clinical decision support system Released:4/20/2022
English language
7 pages
sale 15% off
Preview
sale 15% off
Preview

Standards Content (sample)

TECHNICAL ISO/TS
SPECIFICATION 5346
First edition
2022-06
Health informatics — Categorial
structure for representation of
traditional Chinese medicine clinical
decision support system
Informatique de santé — Structure catégorielle pour la
représentation du système d'aide à la décision clinique en médecine
traditionnelle chinoise
Reference number
ISO/TS 5346:2022(E)
© ISO 2022
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/TS 5346:2022(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2022

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on

the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below

or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/TS 5346:2022(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.2 Characterizing categories ............................................................................................................................................................. 2

4 Categorial structure of TCM clinical decision support system ..........................................................................4

4.1 Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.2 semantic link ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 4

4.2.1 is the base of ........................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.2.2 is part of ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.2.3 produce ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.2.4 is applied with ...................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.2.5 optimize ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.2.6 affect .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

4.2.7 is processed by ..................................................................................................................................................................... 5

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 7

iii
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/TS 5346:2022(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to

the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see

www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 215, Health informatics, in collaboration

with Technical Committee ISO/TC 249, Traditional Chinese medicine.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org/members.html.
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/TS 5346:2022(E)
Introduction

The aim of traditional Chinese medicine clinical decision support systems (TCMCDSS) is to help

prescribe Chinese materia medica (CMM) and other therapies that fit the patient’s personal situation

with respect to effectiveness and toxicity of the medicine. The imbalance between supply and demand

of medical resources leads to a huge demand for TCMCDSS, through which TCM diagnosis and treatment

schemes can be optimized and the effectiveness and safety of primary medical care can be improved.

Hence the establishment of TCMCDSS is in line with clinical practice needs and it has the requirements

of real application scenarios. However, different TCMCDSS lack a unified semantic information

framework, which affects the data exchange and sharing among different institutions and databases.

In conclusion, a unified semantic classification framework will greatly enhance the completeness,

accuracy of TCMCDSS, which will establish a solid foundation for the sharing and utilization of the data

in the future.
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION ISO/TS 5346:2022(E)
Health informatics — Categorial structure for
representation of traditional Chinese medicine clinical
decision support system
1 Scope

This document specifies the categorial structure within the field of traditional Chinese medicine

clinical decision support system by defining a set of domain constraints of sanctioned characteristics,

each composed of a relationship and an applicable information model.

This document is not applicable to Western medicine and Japanese Kampo medicine. It is not applicable

to the design and management of artificial intelligence diagnosis and treatment.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminology databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at https:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1 General
3.1.1
concept
unit of knowledge created by a unique combination of characteristics
[SOURCE: ISO 1087:2019, 3.2.7, modified — Notes to entry deleted.]
3.1.2
entity
concrete or abstract thing of interest
Note 1 to e
...

ISO/TS 5346
ISO TC 215
Date: 2022-04-19
Secretariat: ANSI

Health Informatics — Categorial structure for representation of Traditional Chinese

Medicinemedicine clinical decision support system
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/TS 5346:2022(E)
Publication stage
© ISO 20142022

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or

utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying,

or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be

requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO's member body in the country of the

requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-12111214 Vernier, Geneva 20
Tel.+ Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax+ : +41 22 749 09 47
E-mailcopyrightEmail: copyright@iso.org
Webwww.iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland.
ii © ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/TS 5346:2022(E)
Contents

Foreword .......................................................................................................................................................................... 4

Introduction..................................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope ............................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions .............................................................................................................................................. 6

4 List of relationships for TCMCDSS ........................................................................................................................ 9

5 Categorial structure of TCM clinical decision support system ............................................................... 10

Bibliography .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

Foreword .......................................................................................................................................................................... 4

Introduction..................................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .......................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .......................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ......................................................................................................................................... 6

3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................................... 6

3.2 Characterizing categories .......................................................................................................................................... 7

4 Categorial structure of TCM clinical decision support system ............................................................. 9

4.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.2 semantic link ................................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.2.1 is the base of .......................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.2.2 is part of ................................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.2.3 produce ................................................................................................................................................................. 10

4.2.4 is applied with .................................................................................................................................................... 10

4.2.5 optimize ................................................................................................................................................................ 10

4.2.6 affect ....................................................................................................................................................................... 10

4.2.7 is processed by .................................................................................................................................................. 10

Figure 1 — Categorial structure of representation of TCMCDSS .................................................................. 3

Bibliography .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/TS 5346:2022(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO

collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of any

patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or on

the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the World

Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see

www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 215, Health informatics.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org/members.html.
iv © ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/TS 5346:2022(E)
Introduction

The aim of Traditional Chinese Medicinemedicine clinical decision support systemsystems (TCMCDSS) is

to help prescribe the Chinese materia medica (CMM) and other therapies that fitsfit the patient’s personal

situation inwith respect ofto effectiveness and toxicity of the medicine. The imbalance between supply

and demand of medical resources leadleads to a huge demand for TCMCDSS, through which TCM

diagnosis and treatment schemes can be optimized, and the effectiveness and safety of primary medical

care can be improved. SoHence the establishment of TCMCDSS is in line with clinical practice needneeds

and it has the requirements of real application scenarios. However, different TCMCDSS lack a unified

semantic information framework, which affects the data exchange and sharing among different

institutions and databases.

In conclusion, a unified semantic classification framework will greatly enhance the completeness,

accuracy of TCMCDSS, which will establish a solid foundation for the sharing and utilization of the data

in the future.
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO/TS 5346:2022(E)

Health Informatics —informatics — Categorial structure for representation of Traditional

Chinese Medicinemedicine clinical decision support system
1 1 Scope

This document specifies the categorial structure within the subject field of TCMTraditional Chinese

medicine clinical decision support system by defining a set of domain constraints of sanctioned

characteristics, each composed of a relationship and an applicable information model in order to

represent the concept of TCM clinical decision support system. The Western medicine and Japanese

Kampo medicine are out of this scope. TCMCDSS shall not be used for these medicines. The design and

management of artificial intelligence diagnosis and treatment systems is out of the scope..

2 This document is not applicable to Western medicine and Japanese Kampo medicine. It is not applicable

to the design and management of artificial intelligence diagnosis and treatment.
2 Normative references

The following documents, are referred to in wholethe text in such a way that some or in part, are

normatively referenced inall of their content constitutes requirements of this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 17115:2020 Health informatics —Representation of categorial structures of terminology

(CatStructure)
3 3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminologicalterminology databases for use in standardization at the following

addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: http://www.iso.org/obpavailable at https://www.iso.org/obp

— IEC Electropedia: http://www.electropedia.org/available at https://www.electropedia.org/

3.1General
3.1 General
3.1.1
concept
unit of knowledge created by a unique combination of characteristics
[SOURCE: ISO 1087:2019, 3.2.7, modified notes— Notes to entry deleted].]
3.1.2
entity
any concrete or abstract thing of interest

Note 1 to entry: Some information modelling methods use entity for their main information modelling construct,

whilst others use entity type; in this part of ISO/IEC 19763 the term entity type is used in preference to entity.

[SOURCE: ISO/IEC 10746-2:2009, 6.1, modified note added.]
vi © ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO/TS 5346:2022(E)
3.1.3
relationship

association between two or more entities that is significant for some intended purpose

Note 1to 1 to entry: Can also be known as an association when the infor
...

TECHNICAL ISO/TS
SPECIFICATION 5346
First edition
Health informatics — Categorial
structure for representation of
Traditional Chinese medicine clinical
decision support system
PROOF/ÉPREUVE
Reference number
ISO/TS 5346:2022(E)
© ISO 2022
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/TS 5346:2022(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2022

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on

the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below

or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/TS 5346:2022(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.2 Characterizing categories ............................................................................................................................................................. 2

4 Categorial structure of TCM clinical decision support system ..........................................................................4

4.1 Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.2 semantic link ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 4

4.2.1 is the base of ........................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.2.2 is part of ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.2.3 produce ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.2.4 is applied with ...................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.2.5 optimize ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.2.6 affect .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

4.2.7 is processed by ..................................................................................................................................................................... 5

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 7

iii
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/TS 5346:2022(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to

the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see

www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 215, Health informatics.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org/members.html.
PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/TS 5346:2022(E)
Introduction

The aim of Traditional Chinese medicine clinical decision support systems (TCMCDSS) is to help

prescribe Chinese materia medica (CMM) and other therapies that fit the patient’s personal situation

with respect to effectiveness and toxicity of the medicine. The imbalance between supply and demand

of medical resources leads to a huge demand for TCMCDSS, through which TCM diagnosis and treatment

schemes can be optimized and the effectiveness and safety of primary medical care can be improved.

Hence the establishment of TCMCDSS is in line with clinical practice needs and it has the requirements

of real application scenarios. However, different TCMCDSS lack a unified semantic information

framework, which affects the data exchange and sharing among different institutions and databases.

In conclusion, a unified semantic classification framework will greatly enhance the completeness,

accuracy of TCMCDSS, which will establish a solid foundation for the sharing and utilization of the data

in the future.
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION ISO/TS 5346:2022(E)
Health informatics — Categorial structure for
representation of Traditional Chinese medicine clinical
decision support system
1 Scope

This document specifies the categorial structure within the field of Traditional Chinese medicine

clinical decision support system by defining a set of domain constraints of sanctioned characteristics,

each composed of a relationship and an applicable information model.

This document is not applicable to Western medicine and Japanese Kampo medicine. It is not applicable

to the design and management of artificial intelligence diagnosis and treatment.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminology databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at https:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1 General
3.1.1
concept
unit of knowledge created by a unique combination of characteristics
[SOURCE: ISO 1087:2019, 3.2.7, modified — Notes to entry deleted.]
3.1.2
entity
concrete or abstract thing of interest

Note 1 to entry: Some information modelling methods use entity for their main information modelling construct,

whilst others use entity type.
3.1.3
relationship
association between two or mo
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.