Aircraft ground support equipment - General requirements - Part 4: Noise measurement methods and reduction

This document deals with noise reduction as a safety requirement. It also specifies the methods for determining the sound pressure level at workstations, other specified positions and the sound power level of GSE during intended use.
The test results are not applicable to the determination of daily exposure to noise for the operator.
This part of EN 1915 is intended to be used in conjunction with the other parts of EN 1915, and with the relevant part of EN 12312.

Luftfahrt-Bodengeräte - Allgemeine Anforderungen - Teil 4: Lärmmessverfahren und -minderung

Matériel au sol pour aéronefs - Exigences générales - Partie 4: Bruit, réduction et méthodes de mesure

Podporna oprema na tleh za letalski promet - Splošne zahteve - 4. del: Metode merjenja in zmanjševanje hrupa

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Status
Published
Publication Date
31-Mar-2009
Current Stage
9093 - Decision to confirm - Review Enquiry
Due Date
02-Sep-2017
Completion Date
06-Sep-2017

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Podporna oprema na tleh za letalski promet - Splošne zahteve - 4. del: Metode merjenja in zmanjševanje hrupaLuftfahrt-Bodengeräte - Allgemeine Anforderungen - Teil 4: Lärmmessverfahren und -minderungMatériel au sol pour aéronefs - Exigences générales - Partie 4: Bruit, réduction et méthodes de mesureAircraft ground support equipment - General requirements - Part 4: Noise measurement methods and reduction49.100Oprema za servis in vzdrževanje na tlehGround service and maintenance equipment17.140.20Emisija hrupa naprav in opremeNoise emitted by machines and equipmentICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 1915-4:2004+A1:2009SIST EN 1915-4:2005+A1:2009en,de01-junij-2009SIST EN 1915-4:2005+A1:2009SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 1915-4:2005+A1:2009
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 1915-4:2004+A1
April 2009 ICS 49.100 Supersedes EN 1915-4:2004English Version

Aircraft ground support equipment - General requirements - Part 4: Noise measurement methods and reduction

Matériel au sol pour aéronefs - Exigences générales - Partie 4: Bruit, réduction et méthodes de mesure

Luftfahrt-Bodengeräte - Allgemeine Anforderungen - Teil 4: Lärmmessverfahren und -minderung This European Standard was approved by CEN on 30 September 2004 and includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 22 February 2009.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2009 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 1915-4:2004+A1:2009: ESIST EN 1915-4:2005+A1:2009

EN 1915-4:2004+A1:2009 (E) 2 Contents page Foreword ...................................................................................................................................................................... 3 Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................. 5 1 Scope .............................................................................................................................................................. 6 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 6 4 Noise reduction .............................................................................................................................................. 6 5 Test conditions .............................................................................................................................................. 7 6 Emission sound pressure level — Operation during standstill test ........................................................ 9 7 Emission sound pressure level — Driving test ........................................................................................ 11 8 Sound power determination ....................................................................................................................... 13 9 Information to be reported .......................................................................................................................... 16 10 Declaration of noise emission .................................................................................................................... 16 11 Verification ................................................................................................................................................... 17 12 Instructions and technical documentation ............................................................................................... 17 Annex A (informative)

Overview of typical requirements for measurement of sound pressure levels ........ 18 Annex ZA (informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 98/37/EC, amended by Directive 98/79/EC ............................................ 19 Annex ZB (informative)

!Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC" ........................................................................................... 20 Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................. 21

SIST EN 1915-4:2005+A1:2009

EN 1915-4:2004+A1:2009 (E) 3 Foreword This document (EN 1915-4:2004+A1:2009) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 274 “Aircraft ground support equipment”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by September 2009, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the lat-est by December 2009. This document includes Amendment 1, approved by CEN on 2009-02-22. This document supersedes EN 1915-4:2004. The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags ! ". This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s). !For relationship with EU Directives, see informative Annexes ZA and ZB, which are integral parts of this docu-ment." EN 1915 “Aircraft ground support equipment — General requirements” consists of: Part 1: Basic safety requirements Part 2: Stability and strength requirements, calculations and test methods Part 3: Vibration measurement methods and reduction Part 4: Noise measurement methods and reduction A further European Standard (EN 12312) in several parts covering specific requirements for different aircraft ground support equipment is in preparation. The parts of EN 12312 “Aircraft ground support equipment — Specific requirements” are: Part 1: Passenger stairs Part 2: Catering vehicles Part 3: Conveyor belt vehicles Part 4: Passenger boarding bridges Part 5: Aircraft fuelling equipment Part 6: Deicers and deicing/antiicing equipment Part 7: Aircraft movement equipment Part 8: Maintenance stairs and platforms Part 9: Container/Pallet loaders Part 10: Container/Pallet transfer transporters Part 11: Container/Pallet dollies and loose load trailers Part 12: Potable water service equipment Part 13: Lavatory service equipment Part 14: Disabled/Incapacitated passenger boarding equipment Part 15: Baggage and equipment tractors Part 16: Air start equipment Part 17: Air conditioning equipment Part 18: Nitrogen or Oxygen units Part 19: Aircraft jacks, axle jacks and hydraulic tail stanchions Part 20: Ground power equipment SIST EN 1915-4:2005+A1:2009

EN 1915-4:2004+A1:2009 (E) 4

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following coun-tries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Den-mark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom. SIST EN 1915-4:2005+A1:2009

EN 1915-4:2004+A1:2009 (E) 5 Introduction The aim of this European Standard is to deal with noise as a hazard and to provide methods for the measurement and reduction of noise emission of GSE. A further aim of this European Standard is, despite the variety of GSE, to obtain representative and comparable information on the noise emissions of this category of equipment. It should be possible to determine and verify this information with justifiable effort. General standards for the determination of the noise emissions at the operator's position and of the sound power levels of machines already exist. Because of specific applications these existing standards cannot be applied directly to GSE without supplement of specific machinery and operating conditions as given in this European Standard. The idle condition is included for some machines because it is representative of those conditions in which the GSE has low noise emission as well as waiting between tasks. This European Standard is a Type C standard as stated in !EN ISO 12100". The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations and events are covered are indi-cated in the scope of this document. When provisions of this type C standard are different from those which are stated in type A or B standards, the pro-visions of this type C standard take precedence over the provisions of the other standards, for machines that have been designed and built according to the provisions of this type C standard. SIST EN 1915-4:2005+A1:2009

EN 1915-4:2004+A1:2009 (E) 6 1 Scope This document deals with noise reduction as a safety requirement. It also specifies the methods for determining the sound pressure level at workstations, other specified positions and the sound power level of GSE during intended use. The test results are not applicable to the determination of daily exposure to noise for the operator. !This part of EN 1915 is intended to be used in conjunction with the other parts of EN 1915, and with the relevant part of EN 12312." 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. !deleted text" EN 1915-1:2001, Aircraft ground support equipment — General requirements — Part 1: Basic safety requirements. EN ISO 3744:1995, Acoustics — Determination of sound power levels of noise sources using sound pressure — Engineering method in an essentially free field over a reflecting plane (ISO 3744:1994). EN ISO 4871:1996, Acoustics — Declaration and verification of noise emission values of machinery and equipment (ISO 4871:1996). EN ISO 11201:1995, Acoustics — Noise emitted by machinery and equipment — Measurement of emission sound pressure levels at a workstation and at other specified positions — Engineering method in an essentially free field over a reflecting plane (ISO 11201:1995). !EN

ISO 12100-1:2003, Safety of machinery — Basic concepts, general principles for design — Part 1: Basic terminology, methodology (ISO 12100-1:2003). EN ISO 12100-2:2003, Safety of machinery — Basic concepts, general principles for design — Part 2: Technical principles (ISO 12100-2:2003)." 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this European Standard, the terms and definitions given in !EN ISO 12100-1:2003, EN ISO 12100-2:2003", EN 1915-1:2001, EN ISO 3744:1995, EN ISO 4871:1996, and EN ISO 11201:1995 and the fol-lowing apply. 3.1 operator's position area where operators stay during normal operation, e.g. driver/co-driver seats, control panels, walkways, stairs, ladders, platforms 3.2 exterior position position for measurements located in the vicinity of the GSE 4 Noise reduction Noise emission is in general a significant hazard, which shall be reduced to the lowest level taking into account the technical progress and the available technical measures for noise control. GSE can contain many components emitting noise. Typical noise sources are: SIST EN 1915-4:2005+A1:2009

EN 1915-4:2004+A1:2009 (E) 7  propulsion- and auxiliary engines, their cooling (fans) and exhaust systems;  hydraulic systems with pumps, motors, relief valves, etc.;  heaters with their fans and exhaust systems;  rolling noise due to wheels/ground contact;  vibration and shocks between mobile mechanical parts. Likewise, components in the fluid systems (such as pumps and relief valves) and mechanical drive systems (gears, brakes, etc.) can add to the total noise emission. There is a variety of measures to reduce noise emission from the noise sources mentioned above, e.g.:  engines can be suspended in appropriate vibration dampers, their exhaust systems can be equipped with suit-able silencers and fan and intake air can be adequately ducted;  hydraulic components can, first of all, be chosen and dimensioned with this aspect in mind and the layout be made in such a way that noise emission is limited;  fan and exhaust ducts of heaters can be so designed that noise is kept to a minimum level;  reduction of operating clearances and the possibilities of shocks between elements. In addition to these measures, further noise reduction can be achieved by casing the noise emitting components with appropriate materials. NOTE The measures listed are not exhaustive, and alternative technical measures for noise control with identical or greater efficiency can be used by the manufacturer. EN ISO 11688-1 and EN ISO 11688-2 give recommended practice for the design of low noise machinery and equipment. After taking at design and manufacturing all possible general technical measures for noise reduction the instruction handbook shall, when appropriate, identify any additional noise reduction measures which can be taken by the user, and recommend organisational measures such as the use of low-noise operating modes, and/or limited time of operation. 5 Test conditions 5.1 Tests to be made Sound pressure levels shall be measured for all GSE under the common test conditions given in 5.2, the specific operating test conditions for particular types of GSE given in 5.3 and in accordance with the specifications for acoustic measurements given in Clauses 6 and 7. Where there is more than one driver or operator position, e.g. on conveyor belt vehicles and aircraft movement equipment, the measurements for the operator position shall also be carried out at this additional position. If the A-weighted emission sound pressure level exceeds !80 dB", then additionally the sound power level has to be determined in accordance with the specifications given in Clause 8. Measurements under driving conditions shall be performed only for self-propelled GSE. If, for practical reasons, it is not possible to use real driving conditions, simulated driving conditions are allowed provided that it can be shown by comparison that the results are the same as those obtained with the real driving procedure and the uncertainty remains within the requirements of 6.6, 7.6 and 8.7. If simulated driving conditions are used, the documentation shall be part of the test report. SIST EN 1915-4:2005+A1:2009

EN 1915-4:2004+A1:2009 (E) 8 NOTE 1 Tests on self-propelled GSE should be performed only for vehicles which are not approved as a standard vehicle for driving on public roads according to EC Directive 92/97/EEC. NOTE 2 Where a standard automotive chassis is used for the GSE, and declaration data for noise at the driver's or opera-tor's position are given by the manufacturer, these values may form the basis for the noise declaration for the GSE provided that the application of the standard automotive chassis to the use as GSE does not imply changes in design or construction which affect the noise characteristics. For guidance, an overview of typical requirements for measurement of sound pressure levels for various types of GSE and for different modes of operation is given in Annex A. 5.2 Common test conditions 5.2.1 Test track Measurements shall be made on a level (± 2 % deviation), hard and reflective surface, e.g. tarmac, concrete at a site complying with the test environment described in EN ISO 3744 and EN ISO 11201. 5.2.2 Equipment and condition of GSE Measurements shall be made on GSE with noise emission characteristics that are representative for the specific type of GSE. The GSE selected for the noise measurement shall be equipped in the same way as typically supplied for that type of GSE. Measurements shall be made on GSE with standard equipment and with the operator present. For individual measurements and special equipment, the specific equipment shall be listed. All components of the GSE shall be at the temperature for normal operating conditions for the prevailing ambient temperature. For GSE with a driver's cabin, measurements shall be carried out with doors and windows closed. Any deviations from these conditions shall be recorded in the test report. 5.2.3 Operation of GSE The measurements shall be carried out under operating conditions corresponding to maximum sound generation representative of intended use as well as under idle conditions, if the A-weighted sound pressure level correspond-ing to idle condition exceeds 70 dB. The operating conditions used during the test shall be recorded in detail in the test report. Safety requirements and the manufacturer's information shall be observed. 5.2.4 Air conditioning and/or ventilating system(s) If more than two operating speeds are available, the air conditioning and/or ventilating system(s) shall be operated at mid-range speed or above. If only two operating speeds are available, the higher speed shall be used. If the air conditioning and/or ventilating system(s) has (have) a recirculation and outside air position, the control shall be set for outside air. Care shall be taken to ensure that airflow from the ventilating system does not produce any wind effects on the mi-crophone. SIST EN 1915-4:2005+A1:2009

EN 1915-4:2004+A1:2009 (E) 9 5.3 Specific operating conditions for particular types of GSE 5.3.1 Aircraft movement equipment according to prEN 12312-7 Measurements during standstill operation at operator and exterior work positions shall be performed and declared under idle conditions. Measurements during driving conditions at operator positions shall be performed and declared at full throttle or at full speed without load, whichever gives the highest noise emission value. Measurements during driving at exterior work positions shall be performed and declared without load. 5.3.2 Container/Pallet loaders according to prEN 12312-9 Measurements shall be performed and declared for the following conditions:  with maximum load; the measurement cycle shall consist of one lift from the lowest to the highest position and reverse;  idle. 5.3.3 Container/Pallet transporters according to prEN 12312-10 Measurements shall be performed and declared for the following conditions:  at full throttle or at full speed without load, whichever gives the highest noise emission value;  idle. 5.3.4 Baggage and equipment tractors according to prEN 12312-15 Measurements shall be performed and declared for the following conditions:  at full throttle or at speed without load, whichever gives the highest noise emission value;  idle. 5.3.5 Air start equipment according to prEN 12312-16 Measurements shall be performed and declared for the following two conditions:  idle;  maximum performance. 6 Emission sound pressure level — Operation during standstill test 6.1 Measurements at operator's positions 6.1.1 Quantities to be determined A-weighted emission sound pressure levels shall be determined according to !EN ISO 11201". If the noise is impulsive (see EN ISO 11201:1995, 10.2.3 and Annex A) C-weighted peak emission sound pressure levels exceeding 130 dB shall be

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