Environmental labels and declarations - Self-declared environmental claims (Type II environmental labelling) (ISO 14021:1999)

This International Standard specifies requirements for low-pressure hose assemblies intended for use with the following medical gases: - oxygen; - nitrous oxide; - medical air; - helium; - carbon dioxide; - xenon; - specified mixtures of the gases listed above; - oxygen-enriched air; - air for driving surgical tools; - nitrogen for driving surgical tools; - vacuum. It is intended in particular to ensure gas-specificity and to prevent cross-connection between systems conveying different gases. These hose assemblies are intended for use at maximum operating pressures of less than 1 400 kPa. This International Standard specifies the allocation of (NIST), (DISS), (SIS) connectors to medical gases and specifies the dimensions of non-interchangeable screw-threaded (NIST) connectors.

Umweltkennzeichnungen und -deklarationen - Umweltbezogene Anbietererklärungen (Umweltkennzeichnung Typ II) (ISO 14021:1999)

Diese Internationale Norm legt Anforderungen an umweltbezogene Anbietererklärungen einschließlich Erklärungen, Symbolen und graphischen Darstellungen für Produkte fest. Außerdem legt sie ausgewählte, in Umweltaussagen häufig verwendete Begriffe fest und gibt Hinweise zu deren Anwendung. Diese Internationale Nomr legt auch eine allgemeine Verfahrensweise für die Bewertung und Überprüfung von umweltbezogenen Anbietererklärungen und spezifische Bewertungs- und Überprüfungsverfahren für die in dieser Norm ausgewählten Aussagen fest. Mit dieser Internationale Norm werden keine gesetzlich geforderten Umweltangaben, -aussagen oder -aufschriften oder sonstige geltende gesetzliche Anforderungen ausgeschlossen, aufgehoben oder in irgendeiner Weise verändert.

Marquages et déclarations environnementaux - Autodéclarations environnementales (Etiquetage de type II) (ISO 14021:1999)

La présente Norme internationale spécifie les exigences relatives aux autodéclarations environnementales, y compris les affirmations, symboles et graphiques qui concernent les produits. Elle décrit en outre les termes choisis, couramment utilisés dans les déclarations environnementales et donne des conditions à leur utilisation. La présente Norme internationale décrit également une méthodologie générale d'évaluation et de vérification pour les autodéclarations environnementales ainsi que des méthodes spécifiques d'évaluation et de vérification des déclarations sélectionnées. La présente Norme internationale n'empêche, n'annule ni ne modifie en aucune façon les informations, les déclarations ou l'étiquetage relatif à l'environnement ou toutes autres exigences réglementaires.

Okoljske označbe in deklaracije - Okoljsko samodeklariranje (okoljsko označevanje II. vrste) (ISO 14021:1999)

V standardu so navedeni primeri, kako označiti količino recikliranega materiala, kam naj se ta količina napiše in s katerimi besedami se lahko opiše količina recikliranega materiala, če ta količina niha.Poleg tega je v standardu SIST EN ISO 14021 tudi razloženo, kako pravilno uporabljati okoljsko označevanje, da pri tem potrošniki ne bodo zavedeni. Navedeni so najpogosteje uporabljeni stavki za okoljsko samodeklariranje in tudi zahteve, kdaj naj jih proizvajalec uporablja, ko želi sporočiti potrošnikom, da je njegov izdelek okolju prijazen. V prilogi so navedeni standardi oziroma preskusne metode, ki so lahko v pomoč pri vrednotenju določenih okoljskih stavkov.
Eden izmed znakov iz standarda je tudi Mobiusova zanka.To je splošni znak za predelavo/recikliranje in pove, da je material s to oznako del procesa recikliranja. Uporablja se samo za tiste izdelke, ki imajo na koncu življenjskega cikla določeno zbiranje in procese recikliranja in ki ne vplivajo na druge sheme recikliranja.

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
31-Jul-2001
Withdrawal Date
12-Apr-2016
Current Stage
9960 - Withdrawal effective - Withdrawal
Completion Date
13-Apr-2016

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.MVNRUmweltkennzeichnungen und -deklarationen - Umweltbezogene Anbietererklärungen (Umweltkennzeichnung Typ II) (ISO 14021:1999)Marquages et déclarations environnementaux - Autodéclarations environnementales (Etiquetage de type II) (ISO 14021:1999)Environmental labels and declarations - Self-declared environmental claims (Type II environmental labelling) (ISO 14021:1999)13.020.50QDOHSNREcolabellingICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN ISO 14021:2001SIST EN ISO 14021:2002en01-december-2002SIST EN ISO 14021:2002SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 14021:2002

EUROPEAN STANDARDNORME EUROPÉENNEEUROPÄISCHE NORMEN ISO 14021August 2001ICS 13.020.50English versionEnvironmental labels and declarations - Self-declaredenvironmental claims (Type II environmental labelling) (ISO14021:1999)Marquages et déclarations environnementaux -Autodéclarations environnementales (Etiquetage de type II)(ISO 14021:1999)Umweltkennzeichnungen und -deklarationen -Umweltbezogene Anbietererklärungen(Umweltkennzeichnung Typ II) (ISO 14021:1999)This European Standard was approved by CEN on 17 June 2001.CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this EuropeanStandard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such nationalstandards may be obtained on application to the Management Centre or to any CEN member.This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translationunder the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Management Centre has the same status as the officialversions.CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATIONCOMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATIONEUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNGManagement Centre: rue de Stassart, 36

B-1050 Brussels© 2001 CENAll rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reservedworldwide for CEN national Members.Ref. No. EN ISO 14021:2001 ESIST EN ISO 14021:2002

2EN ISO 14021:2001 (E)CORRECTED

2001-09-26ForewordThe text of the International Standard from Technical Committee ISO/TC 207 "Environmentalmanagement" of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has been taken over as anEuropean Standard by CEN/CMC.This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of anidentical text or by endorsement, at the latest by February 2002, and conflicting national standardsshall be withdrawn at the latest by February 2002.According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of thefollowing countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, CzechRepublic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg,Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.Endorsement noticeThe text of the International Standard ISO 14021:1999 has been approved by CEN as a EuropeanStandard without any modification.SIST EN ISO 14021:2002

AReference numberISO 14021:1999(E)INTERNATIONALSTANDARDISO14021First edition1999-09-15Environmental labels and declarations —Self-declared environmental claims (Type IIenvironmental labelling)Marquages et déclarations environnementaux — Autodéclarationsenvironnementales (Étiquetage de type II)SIST EN ISO 14021:2002

ISO 14021:1999(E)©

ISO 1999All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronicor mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from the publisher.International Organization for StandardizationCase postale 56 · CH-1211 Genève 20 · SwitzerlandInternetiso@iso.chPrinted in SwitzerlandiiContents1 Scope........................................................................................................................................................................12 Normative references..............................................................................................................................................13 Terms and definitions..............................................................................................................................................14 Objective of self-declared environmental claims.................................................................................................35 Requirements applying to all self-declared environmental claims.....................................................................46 Evaluation and claim verification requirements...................................................................................................77 Specific requirements for selected claims............................................................................................................9Annex A (informative)

Simplified diagrammatic representation of a recycling system.....................................19Bibliography..............................................................................................................................................................20SIST EN ISO 14021:2002

© ISOISO 14021:1999(E)iiiForewordISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies (ISOmember bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO technicalcommittees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been established hasthe right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and non-governmental, inliaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the International ElectrotechnicalCommission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 3.Draft International Standards adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting.Publication as an International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.International Standard ISO 14021 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 207, Environmental management,Subcommittee SC 3, Environmental labelling.Annex A of this International Standard is for information only.SIST EN ISO 14021:2002

ISO 14021:1999(E)© ISOivIntroductionThe proliferation of environmental claims has created a need for environmental labelling standards which requirethat consideration be given to all relevant aspects of the life cycle of the product when such

claims are developed.Self-declared environmental claims may be made by manufacturers, importers, distributors, retailers or anyone elselikely to benefit from such claims. Environmental claims made in regard to products may take the form ofstatements, symbols or graphics on product or package labels, or in product literature, technical bulletins,advertising, publicity, telemarketing, as well as digital or electronic media, such as the Internet.In self-declared environmental claims, the assurance of reliability is essential. It is important that verification isproperly conducted to avoid negative market effects such as trade barriers or unfair competition, which can arisefrom unreliable and deceptive environmental claims. The evaluation methodology used by those who makeenvironmental claims should be clear, transparent, scientifically sound and documented so that those who purchaseor may potentially purchase products can be assured of the validity of the claimsSIST EN ISO 14021:2002

INTERNATIONAL STANDARD

© ISOISO 14021:1999(E)1Environmental labels and declarations — Self-declaredenvironmental claims (Type II environmental labelling)1 ScopeThis International Standard specifies requirements for self-declared environmental claims, including statements,symbols and graphics, regarding products. It further describes selected terms commonly used in environmental claimsand gives qualifications for their use. This International Standard also describes a general evaluation and verificationmethodology for self-declared environmental claims and specific evaluation and verification methods for the selectedclaims in this standard.This International Standard does not preclude, override, or in any way change, legally required environmentalinformation, claims or labelling, or any other applicable legal requirements.2 Normative referencesThe following normative documents contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of thisInternational Standard. For dated references, subsequent amendments to, or revisions of, any of these publications donot apply. However, parties to agreements based on this International Standard are encouraged to investigate thepossibility of applying the most recent editions of the normative documents indicated below. For undated references,the latest edition of the normative document referred to applies. Members of ISO and IEC maintain registers ofcurrently valid International Standards.ISO 7000, Graphical symbols for use on equipment -— Index and synopsis.ISO 14020:1998, Environmental labels and declarations — General principles.3 Terms and definitionsFor the purposes of this International Standard, the following terms and definitions apply.3.1 General terms3.1.1coproductany two or more products from the same unit process[ISO 14041:1998]3.1.2environmental aspectelement of an organization's activities or products that can interact with the environment3.1.3environmental claimstatement, symbol or graphic that indicates an environmental aspect of a product, a component or packagingNOTE

An environmental claim may be made on product or packaging labels, through product literature, technical bulletins,advertising, publicity, telemarketing, as well as through digital or electronic media such as the Internet.SIST EN ISO 14021:2002

ISO 14021:1999(E)© ISO23.1.4environmental claim verificationconfirmation of the validity of an environmental claim using specific predetermined criteria and procedures withassurance of data reliability3.1.5environmental impactany change to the environment, whether adverse or beneficial, wholly or partially resulting from an organization'sactivities or products3.1.6explanatory statementany explanation which is needed or given so that an environmental claim can be properly understood by apurchaser, potential purchaser or user of the product3.1.7functional unitquantified performance of a product system for use as a reference unit in a life cycle assessment study[ISO 14040:1997]3.1.8life cycleconsecutive and interlinked stages of a product system, from raw material acquisition or generation of naturalresources to final disposal[ISO 14040:1997]3.1.9material identificationwords, numbers or symbols used to designate composition of components of a product or packagingNOTE 1 A material identification symbol is not considered to be an environmental claim.NOTE 2 References [4] through [7] in the Bibliography give examples of International Standards, national standards andindustry publications dealing with material identification symbols.3.1.10packagingmaterial that is used to protect or contain a product during transportation, storage, marketing or useNOTE

For the purposes of this International Standard, the term "packaging" also includes any item that is physicallyattached to, or included with, a product or its container for the purpose of marketing the product or communicating informationabout the product.3.1.11productany goods or service3.1.12qualified environmental claimenvironmental claim which is accompanied by an explanatory statement that describes the limits of the claim3.1.13self-declared environmental claimenvironmental claim that is made, without independent third-party certification, by manufacturers, importers,distributors, retailers or anyone else likely to benefit from such a claimSIST EN ISO 14021:2002

© ISOISO 14021:1999(E)33.1.14upgradabilitycharacteristic of a product that allows its modules or parts to be separately upgraded or replaced without having toreplace the entire product3.1.15wasteanything for which the generator or holder has no further use and which is discarded or is released to theenvironment3.2 Selected terms commonly used in self-declared environmental claimsRequirements for the usage of the terms listed below, in the context of making an environmental claim, are given inclause 7.Compostable7.2.1Degradable 7.3.1Designed for disassembly7.4.1Extended life product7.5.1Recovered energy7.6.1Recyclable7.7.1Recycled content7.8.1.1 a)Pre-consumer material7.8.1.1 a) 1)Post-consumer material7.8.1.1.a) 2)Recycled material7.8.1.1 b)Recovered [reclaimed] material7.8.1.1 c)Reduced energy consumption7.9.1Reduced resource use7.10.1Reduced water consumption7.11.1Reusable7.12.1.1Refillable7.12.1.2Waste reduction7.13.14 Objective of self-declared environmental claimsThe overall goal of environmental labels and declarations is, through communication of verifiable, accurate information,that is not misleading, on environmental aspects of products, to encourage demand for and supply of those productsthat cause less stress on the environment, thereby stimulating the potential for market-driven continual environmentalimprovement.The objective of this International Standard is to harmonize the use of self-declared environmental claims. It isanticipated that benefits will be:a) accurate and verifiable environmental claims that are not misleading;b) increased potential for market forces to stimulate environmental improvements in

production, processes andproducts;c) prevention or minimization of unwarranted claims;d) reduction in marketplace confusion;SIST EN ISO 14021:2002

ISO 14021:1999(E)© ISO4e) facilitation of international trade; andf) increased opportunity for purchasers, potential purchasers and users of the product to make more informedchoices.5 Requirements applying to all self-declared environmental claims5.1 GeneralThe requirements set out in clause 5 shall apply to any self-declared environmental claim made by a claimant, whetherit is one of the selected claims referred to in clause 7 or any other environmental claim.5.2 Relationship to ISO 14020In addition to the requirements of this International Standard, the principles set out in ISO 14020 shall apply. Where thisInternational Standard provides more specific requirements than ISO 14020, such specific requirements shall befollowed.5.3 Vague or non-specific claimsAn environmental claim that is vague or non-specific or which broadly implies that a product is environmentallybeneficial or environmentally benign shall not be used. Therefore, environmental claims such as "environmentallysafe", "environmentally friendly", "earth friendly", "non-polluting", "green", "nature's friend" and "ozone friendly" shall notbe used.NOTE

This list is illustrative and not exhaustive.5.4 Claims of "... free"An environmental claim of "… free" shall only be made when the level of the specified substance is no more than thatwhich would be found as an acknowledged trace contaminant or background level.NOTE

Attention is drawn to the requirements of 5.7 k) and 5.7 p).5.5 Claims of sustainabilityThe concepts involved in sustainability are highly complex and still under study. At this time there are no definitivemethods for measuring sustainability or confirming its accomplishment. Therefore, no claim of achievingsustainability shall be made.5.6 Use of explanatory statementsSelf-declared environmental claims shall be accompanied by an explanatory statement if the claim alone is likely toresult in misunderstanding. An environmental claim shall only be made without an explanatory statement if it is valid inall foreseeable circumstances with no qualifications.5.7 Specific requirementsSelf-declared environmental claims and any explanatory statements are subject to all requirements in 5.7. Such claims,including any explanatory statement:a) shall be accurate and not misleading;b) shall be substantiated and verified;c) shall be relevant to that particular product, and used only in an appropriate context or setting;d) shall be presented in a manner that clearly indicates whether the claim applies to the complete product, or onlyto a product component or packaging, or to an element of a service;SIST EN ISO 14021:2002

© ISOISO 14021:1999(E)5e) shall be specific as to the environmental aspect or environmental improvement which is claimed;f) shall not be restated using different terminology to imply multiple benefits for a single environmental change;g) shall be unlikely to result in misinterpretation;h) shall be true not only in relation to the final product but also shall take into consideration all relevant aspects ofthe product life cycle in order to identify the potential for one impact to be increased in the process of decreasinganother; NOTE

This does not necessarily mean that a life cycle assessment should be undertaken.i) shall be presented in a manner which does not imply that the product is endorsed or certified by anindependent third-party organization when it is not;j) shall not, either directly or by implication, suggest an environmental improvement which does not exist, norshall it exaggerate the environmental aspect of the product to which the claim relates;k) shall not be made if, despite the claim being literally true, it is likely to be misinterpreted by purchasers or ismisleading through the omission of relevant facts;l) shall only relate to an environmental aspect that either exists or is likely to be realized, during the life of theproduct;m) shall be presented in a manner that clearly indicates that the environmental claim and explanatory statementshould be read together. The explanatory statement shall be of reasonable size and in reasonable proximity tothe environmental claim it accompanies;n) shall, if a comparative assertion of environmental superiority or improvement is made, be specific and makeclear the basis for the comparison. In particular, the environmental claim shall be relevant in terms of howrecently any improvement was made;o) shall, if based on a pre-existing but previously undisclosed aspect, be presented in a manner that

does notlead purchasers, potential purchasers and users of the product

to believe that the claim is based on a recentproduct or process modification;p) shall not be made where they are based on the absence of ingredients or features which have never beenassociated with the product category;q) shall be reassessed and updated as necessary to reflect changes in technology, competitive products or othercircumstances that could alter the accuracy of the claim; andr) shall be relevant to the area where the corresponding environmental impact occurs. NOTE

A process-related claim can be made anywhere, so long as the environmental impact occurs in the area wherethe production process is located. The size of the area will be determined by the nature of the impact.5.8 Use of symbols to make environmental claims5.8.1

When a self-declared environmental claim is made, the use of a symbol is optional.5.8.2

Symbols used to make an environmental claim should be simple, easily reproducible and capable of beingpositioned and sized to suit the product to which the symbol is likely to be applied.5.8.3

Symbols used for one type of environmental claim should be easily distinguishable from other symbols,including symbols for other environmental claims.5.8.4

A symbol used to express implementation of an environmental management system shall not be used insuch a way that it could be misunderstood as an environmental symbol indicating the environmental aspects of aproduct.SIST EN ISO 14021:2002

ISO 14021:1999(E)© ISO65.8.5

Natural objects shall be used only if there is a direct and verifiable link between the object and the benefitclaimed.NOTE

There are many advantages to be gained by the use of the same symbol to denote the same environmental aspecton competing products. As new symbols are developed, claimants are encouraged to adopt a consistent approach and not todiscourage the use of the same symbol to denote the same environmental aspect by others. In selection of a new symbol, dueconsideration should be given so as not to violate the intellectual property rights (e.g. registered designs) of third parties.5.9 Other information or claims5.9.1

Words, numbers or symbols may be used in addition to environmental symbols to communicate informationsuch as material identification, disposal instructions or hazard warnings.5.9.2

Words, numbers or symbols used for non-environmental claim purposes shall not be used in a manner thatis likely to be misunderstood as making an environmental claim.5.9.3

An environmental symbol as described in 5.10 shall not be modified to relate the symbol to a specific brand,company or corporate position.5.10 Specific symbols5.10.1 GeneralThe selection of specific symbols for this International Standard is based on their existing wide use or recognition. Thisshould not be taken to imply that environmental claims represented by these symbols are superior to otherenvironmental claims. Only the Mobius loop is included at present. Other specific symbols which are not provided for inthis International Standard will be introduced at an appropriate time.5.10.2 The Mobius loop5.10.2.1

The Mobius loop is a symbol in the shape of three twisted chasing arrows forming a triangle. Whenever itis used to make an environmental claim, the design shall meet the graphical requirements for ISO 7000, SymbolNo. 1135. There should, however, be enough contrast so that the symbol is clear and distinguishable. Someexamples of the form of the Mobius loop are provided in Figure 1. Clause 7 provides detailed requirementsconcerning the use and applicability of the Mobius loop.5.10.2.2

The Mobius loop may apply to the product or the packaging. If there is any potential for confusion aboutwhether it applies to the product or the packaging, the symbol shall be accompanied by an explanatory statement.5.10.2.3

If a symbol is used for claims of recyclable or recycled content, then that symbol shall be the Mobius loopsubject to the requirements of 7.7 and 7.8.5.10.2.4

The Mobius loop shall only be used for claims of recycled content and recyclable, as described in 7.7 and7.8.Figure 1 — Examples of the Mobius loopSIST EN ISO 14021:2002

© ISOISO 14021:1999(E)76 Evaluation and claim verification requirements6.1 Responsibilities of the claimantThe claimant shall be responsible for evaluation and provision of data necessary for the verification of self-declaredenvironmental claims.6.2 Reliability of evaluation methodology6.2.1

Prior to making the claim, evaluation measures shall be implemented to achieve reliable and

reproducibleresults necessary to verify the claim.6.2.2

The evaluation shall be fully documented and the documentation retained by the claimant for the purpose ofthe information disclosure referred to in 6.5.2. This shall be for the period that the product is on the market, and for areasonable period thereafter, taking into account the life of the product.NOTE

For guidance on reproducibility and reliability, see references [8] through [11] in the Bibliography.6.3 Evaluation of comparative claims6.3.1

Comparative claims shall be evaluated against one or more of the following:a) an organization's own prior process;b) an organization's own prior product;c) another organization's process; ord) another organization's product.The comparison shall only be made:¾ using a published standard or recognized test method (as set out in 6.4); and¾ against comparable products serving similar functions, supplied by the same or another producer, currently orrecently in the same marketplace.6.3.2

Comparative claims involving the environmental aspects of the product's life cycle shall be:a) quantified and calculated using the same units of measurement;b) based on the same functional unit; andc) calculated over an appropriate time interval, typically twelve months.6.3.3

Comparative claims may be based on:a) percentages, in which case they should be expressed as absolute differences; or

NOTE

The following example is provided to clarify how relative measurements could be handled: For a change from 10 % to 15 % recycled content, the absolute difference is 15 % 2 10 % = 5 %, in which case, a claimof an additional 5 % recycled content could be made; however, a claim of 50 % increase, while accurate, could bemisleading.b) absolute (measured) values, in which case they should be expressed as relative improvements. NOTE

The following example is provided to clarify how absolute measurements could be handled: SIST EN ISO 14021:2002

ISO 14021:1999(E)© ISO8 For an improvement that results in a product lasting 15 months instead of the previous 10 months, the relative differenceis 15101010050monthsmonthsmonths%-´= in which case, a claim of 50 % longer life could be made. If one of the values is nil, the absolute difference should beused.6.3.4

As there is a high risk of confusing an absolute claim with a relative claim, the claim should be worded to beclear that it is a claim of absolute difference and not a claim of relative difference.6.3.5

Improvements related to a product and its packaging shall be stated separately and shall not be aggregated.6.4 Selection of methodsMethods for evaluation and claim verification shall follow, in order of preference, International Standards,recognized standards that have international acceptability (these may include regional or national standards) orindustry or trade methods which have been subjected to peer review. If there are no methods already in existence,a claimant may develop a method, provided it meets the other requirements of clause 6 and is available for peerreview.NOTE

Some typical International and national standards, as well as some specific industry methods relevant to someselected claims are listed in the Bibliography (references [12] through [66]).6.5 Access to information6.5.1

A self-declared environmental claim shall only be considered verifiable if such verification can be madewithout access to confidential business information. Claims shall not be made if they can only be verified byconfidential business information.6.5.2

The claimant may voluntarily release to the public the information necessary for verification of anenvironmental claim. If not, the information necessary to verify the claim shall be disclosed, upon request, at areasonable cost (to cover administration), time and place, to any person seeking to verify the claim.6.5.3

The minimum information required to be documented and retained in accordance with 6.2 shall include thefollowing:a) identification of the standard or method used;b) documentary evidence, if verification of the claim cannot be made by testing the finished product;c) test results, where these are necessary for claim verification;d) if testing is carried out by an independent party, the name and address of the independent party;e) evidence that the claim conforms with the requirements of 5.7 h) and 5.7 r);f) if the self-declared environmental claim involves a comparison with other products, then a description of themethod used, the results of any tests of those products, and any assumptions made shall be clearly stated; NOTE

Further requirements for comparative claims are set out in 5.7.g) evidence that the claimant's evaluation gives assurance of the continuing accuracy of the self-declaredenvironmental claim during the period over which the product is on the market, and for a reasonable periodthereafter, taking into account the life of the product.SIST EN ISO 14021:2002

© ISOISO 14021:1999(E)97 Specific requirements for selected claims7.1 General7.1.1

Clause 7 provides interpretation and usage qualifications for selected terms commonly used in self-declaredenvironmental claims. The onus on a claimant to follow the principles set out in this clause shall not be diminishedby substituting like terms. Clause 7 supplements, but does not replace, the requirements in other clauses of thisInternational Standard.7.1.2

It is not intended to imply that the claims in clause 7 are superior to other environmental claims. The principalreason for their selection has been their current or potential wide use, not their environmental importance. Theseclaims can be applied, when relevant, to the stages of manufacturing and distribution, product usage and productrecovery and disposal.NOTE

The terms dealt with in clause 7 have been arranged in alphabetical order (in English), as set out below:7.2

Compostable7.3
Degradable7.4
Designed for disassembly7.5
Extended life product7.6
Recovered energy7.7
Recyclable7.8
Recycled content7.9

Reduced energy consumption7.10 Reduced resource use7.11 Reduced water consumption7.12 Reusable and refillable7.13 Waste reduction7.2 Compostable7.2.1 Usage of termA characteristic of a product, packaging or associated component that allows it to biodegrade, generating arelatively homogeneous and stable humus-like substance.7.2.2 Qualifications7.2.2.1

A compostability claim shall not be made for a product or packaging or a component of a product orpackaging that:a) negatively affects the overall value of the compost as a soil amendment;b) releases substances in concentrations harmful to the environment at any point during decomposition orsubsequent use; orc) significantly reduces the rate of composting in those systems in which the

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