This document specifies a laboratory test method for determining the degree and rate of the aerobic biodegradation level of plastic materials. Biodegradation of plastic materials is determined by measuring the oxygen demand in a closed respirometer when exposed to seawater sampled from coastal areas under laboratory conditions.
The conditions described in this document might not always correspond to the optimum conditions for the maximum degree of biodegradation, however this test method is designed to give an indication of the potential biodegradability of plastic materials.
NOTE This document addresses plastic materials but can also be used for other materials.

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This document specifies a laboratory test method to determine the degree and rate of aerobic biodegradation level of plastic materials. This test method can also be applied to other materials.
Biodegradation is determined by measuring the CO2 evolved by the plastic material when exposed to marine sediments sampled from a sandy tidal zone and kept wet with salt-water under laboratory conditions.
This test method is a simulation under laboratory conditions of the habitat found in sandy tidal zone that, in marine science, is called eulittoral zone.
The conditions described in this document might not always correspond to the optimum conditions for the maximum degree of biodegradation to occur.
Deviations from the test conditions described in this document are justified in the test report.

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This document specifies test methods for the determination of the degree of disintegration of plastic materials exposed to marine habitats under real field conditions.
The marine areas under investigation are the sandy sublittoral and the sandy eulittoral zone where plastic materials can either be placed intentionally (e.g. biodegradable fishing nets) or end up as litter due to irresponsible human behaviour. This depends on their physical characteristics, form and size of the materials, and on water currents and tidal movements.
This document specifies the general requirements of the apparatus, and the procedures for using the test methods described.
The determination of the level of disintegration of plastic materials exposed to pelagic zones such as the sea surface or the water column above the seafloor are not within the scope of this document.
This document is not suitable for the assessment of disintegration caused by heat or light exposure.
The described field test is a disintegration test and not a biodegradation test. Therefore, it cannot be used for demonstrating biodegradation or for making unqualified claims such as "biodegradable in marine environment" and similar.

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This document specifies a laboratory test method for determining the degree and rate of the aerobic biodegradation level of plastic materials. Biodegradation is determined by measuring the CO2 evolved from plastic materials when exposed to seawater sampled from coastal areas under laboratory conditions.
The conditions described in this document might not always correspond to the optimum conditions for the maximum degree of biodegradation, however this test method is designed to give an indication of the potential biodegradability of plastic materials.
NOTE This document addresses plastic materials but can also be used for other materials.

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This document specifies requirements and guidelines for the quantification and reporting of the process carbon footprint of biobased plastics (see ISO 22526-1), being a partial carbon footprint of a bioplastic product, based on ISO 14067 and consistent with International Standards on life cycle assessment (ISO 14040 and ISO 14044).
This document is applicable to process carbon footprint studies (P-CFP) of plastic materials, being a partial carbon footprint of a product, whether or not the results are intended to be publicly available.
Requirements and guidelines for the quantification of a partial carbon footprint of a product (partial CFP) are provided in this document. The process carbon footprint study is carried out according to ISO 14067 as a partial carbon footprint, using the specific conditions and requirements specified in this document.
Where the results of a P-CFP study are reported according to this document, procedures are provided to support transparency and credibility, and also to allow for informed choices.
Offsetting is outside of the scope of this document.

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This document specifies the general principles and the system boundaries for the carbon and environmental footprint of biobased plastic products. It is an introduction and a guidance document to the other parts of the ISO 22526 series.
This document is applicable to plastic products and plastic materials, polymer resins, which are based from biobased or fossil-based constituents.

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This document defines the material carbon footprint as the amount (mass) of CO2 removed from the air and incorporated into plastic, and specifies a determination method to quantify it.
This document is applicable to plastic products, plastic materials and polymer resins that are partly or wholly based on biobased constituents.

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This document specifies test methods and criteria for showing intrinsic biodegradability in marine environments of virgin plastic materials and polymers without any preliminary environmental exposure or pre-treatment.
Test methods applied in this document are carried out at temperatures in the mesophilic range under aerobic conditions and are aimed to show ultimate biodegradability, i.e. conversion into carbon dioxide, water and biomass.
This document neither assesses the constituents, such as regulated metals or substances hazardous to the environment, nor potential ecotoxic effects but intrinsic biodegradability only. These aspects will be considered in a separate standard covering the overall environmental impact of products intentionally or accidentally released in the marine environment.
This document does not cover the performance of products made from biodegradable plastic materials and biodegradable polymers. Lifetime and biodegradation rates in the sea of products made with biodegradable plastic materials are generally affected by the specific environmental conditions and by thickness and shape.
Although results might indicate that the tested plastic materials and polymers biodegrade under the specified test conditions at a certain rate, the results of any laboratory exposure cannot be directly extrapolated to marine environments at the actual site of use or leakage.
This document is not applicable for "marine biodegradable" claims of biodegradable plastic materials. For such purpose, see relevant product standards, if available.
The testing scheme specified in this document does not provide sufficient information for determining the specific biodegradation rate (i.e. the rate per available surface area) of the material under testing. For such purpose, see relevant standards about specific biodegradation rate, if available.

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This document specifies various calibration strategies for physicochemical and chemical analytical methods and specifies the calculation of analytical results. It defines the general context for linear calibration so that individual standards dealing with analytical methods for the examination of water quality can make reference to it.

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IEC 60335-2-28:2021 is available as IEC 60335-2-28:2021 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 60335-2-28:2021 deals with the safety of electric sewing machines for household and similar use, their rated voltage being not more than 250 V for single-phase appliances and 480 V for other appliances, including direct current (DC) supplied appliances and battery-operated appliances.
Overlock machines and electrical sets are within the scope of this standard.
Appliances not intended for normal household use, but that nevertheless can be a source of danger to the public, such as sewing machines intended to be used by laymen in shops and in light industry, are within the scope of this standard.
As far as is practicable, this standard deals with the common hazards presented by appliances that are encountered by all persons in and around the home. However, in general, it does not take into account
- persons (including children) whose physical, sensory or mental capabilities; or lack of experience and knowledge prevents them from using the appliance safely without supervision or instruction;
- children playing with the appliance.
Attention is drawn to the fact that
- for appliances intended to be used in vehicles or on board ships or aircraft, additional requirements can be necessary;
- in many countries additional requirements are specified by the national health authorities, the national authorities responsible for the protection of labour and similar authorities.
This standard does not apply to
- appliances intended exclusively for industrial purposes;
- appliances intended to be used in locations where special conditions prevail, such as the presence of a corrosive or explosive atmosphere (dust, vapour or gas).
This fifth edition cancels and replaces the fourth edition published in 2002 and Amendment 1:2008. This edition constitutes a technical revision.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) the text has been aligned with IEC 60335-1:2020;
b) some notes have been converted to normative text (Clause 1, 11.7, 22.14, 22.101);
c) clarification of requirements for battery-operated appliances (Clause 1, 3.1.9, 11.7, B.11.1);
d) introduction of limits on the temperature rise of external accessible surfaces (Clause 11);
e) application of test probe 19 has been introduced (8.1.1, 20.2).
This Part 2 is to be used in conjunction with the latest edition of IEC 60335-1 and its amendments unless that edition precludes it; in that case, the latest edition that does not preclude it is used. It was established on the basis of the sixth edition (2020) of that standard.

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This document provides requirements and recommendations for designers of BWMS using electrolytic methods to document the risk assessment and risk reduction process over the lifecycle of the equipment, and to support its approval for use on ships by administrations and classification societies. Specifically, this document provides basic terminology, principles and a methodology to identify and subsequently minimize the risk of hazards in the design of BWMS using electrolytic methods. It specifies the procedures for risk assessment and risk reduction following the guidance in ISOÂ 12100. Risks considered include: human health and safety; marine environment related to conditions on board; and ship installation, operation, maintenance and structural integrity. This document does not address the methodology for the risk assessment of corrosion effects, toxicity and ecotoxicity of active substances, relevant chemicals and/or other chemicals generated or used by BWMS using electrolytic methods, which is evaluated by the IMO GESAMP-Ballast Water Working Group as prescribed in the document IMO GESAMP, Methodology for the Evaluation of Ballast Water Management Systems using Active Substances[26]. This document does not address risks associated with the end of life disposition of the BWMS.

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This International Standard applies to all eye protectors intended for eye protection against hazards during the
sports of Squash, Racquetball and Squash 57 and sports with similar hazards and no greater risks.
It deals with materials, construction, optical properties, testing, labelling and marking.
It applies to eye protectors that incorporate prescription lenses, but not to eye protectors designed for use
over spectacles.
Requirements for the marking of eye protectors and for information to be supplied by the manufacturer are
also specified.
Information on the selection and use of eye protectors for Squash, Racquetball and Squash 57 is given in
Annex A.
This International Standard does not apply to:
a. sports eye protectors designed for use over prescription spectacles;
b. eye protectors for occupational applications;
c. eye protectors without lenses;
d. eye protectors for sports where the hazards are unrelated to the hazards in or involve greater risks
than Squash, Racquetball and Squash 57.

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This document specifies additional requirements for eye and face protectors designed to provide protection
for the eyes and faces of persons against occupational hazards during welding and allied processes, such as
optical radiation, impacts from flying particles and fragments, and hot solids.
This document also applies to those articles of eye- and face-protection used for occupational-type tasks but
not performed as part of an occupation, e.g. "do-it-yourself".
This document specifies materials, design, performance requirements, and marking requirements for
welding protectors which are different from and/or supplement ISO 16321-1.

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This document specifies the minimum requirements for secure remote services (e. g. via IP connections) to the following systems:
a) fire safety systems including, but not limited to, fire detection and fire alarm systems, fixed firefighting systems, smoke and heat control
systems,
b) security systems including, but not limited to, intruder and hold-up alarm systems, electronic access control systems, external perimeter security systems and video surveillance systems,
c) social alarm systems,
d) a combination of such systems
The scope doesn´t cover:
a) the alarm transmission infrastructure,
b) the use of remote access performed by end-users

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This part of IEC 60839 defines the Web services interface for electronic access control systems. This includes listing electronic access control system components, their logical composition, monitoring their states and controlling them. It also includes a mapping of mandatory and optional requirements in accordance with IEC 60839-11-1:2013, as covered by Annex B. This document applies to physical security only. Physical security prevents unauthorized personnel, attackers or accidental intruders from physically accessing a building, room, etc. Web services usage and device management functionality are outside the scope of this document. Refer to IEC 60839-11-31:2016 for more information. This document does not in any way limit a manufacturer to add other protocols or extend the protocol defined here. For rules on how to accomplish this, refer to IEC 60839-11-31:2016.

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This document contains guidance on identifying current (since 2000) reliable anthropometric and strength data sources for European population under the age of 18 years.
It is intended that this Technical Report will give guidance to the stake holders such as the standard makers, designers and manufacturers of products and environments for children on how to identify which currently available anthropometric data sources that are relevant to their needs in terms of age/gender groupings, types of anthropometric data.  This technical report can also indicate the lack of data for specific applications hence implicitly indicating caution for the stake holders
This document also provides information about the anthropometric data sources listed within it. This information includes:
-   Date of survey
-   Organisation who carried out the survey
-   Geographic limitations of the survey
-   Size and gender of the population measured or scanned
-   Types of anthropometric measurements included in them
This Technical Report has two annexes
-   Annex A: Definition of body measurements by sectors
-   Annex B: Existing data sources

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This document specifies fire testing requirements for water mist systems used for fire protection of combustion turbines in enclosures with volumes exceeding 260 m³.

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The purpose of this document is to provide the principles and guidance for the preparation of extended application documents for combined penetration seals where the systems were tested in accordance with EN 1366-1, EN 1366-2 and EN1366-3. The field of the extended application document is additional to the direct field of application given within EN 1366-1, EN 1366-2 and EN 1366-3 and may be applied on a number of tests from each standard, which provide the relevant information for the formulation of an extended application.
This EXAP is intended to allow the penetration sealing of more than one service including Ducts and Dampers in the same penetration.

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This European Standard deals with the safety of electrical appliances for heating liquids for household and similar purposes, their rated voltage being not more than 250 V.

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This document specifies fire testing requirements for water mist systems used for fire protection of combustion turbines in enclosures with volumes not exceeding 260 m³.

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This European Standard deals with the safety of electrical appliances for heating liquids for household and similar purposes, their rated voltage being not more than 250 V.

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This part 3 of EN 13138 specifies safety requirements for design, sizing, materials, strength and in-water performance as well as provisions for marking and the information supplied by the manufacturer for swim seats. It also specifies the relevant test methods. This standard is not applicable to products covered by EN 13138 1 and  2.
This part 3 of EN 13138 applies only to devices into which the user is placed and which have either inherent buoyancy or can be inflated or a combination of both. It only applies to class A devices intended to introduce the user to the water environment. These devices are only intended for children aged up to 36 months with a body mass less than or equal to 18 kg. It does not apply to class B or class C devices, to pull buoys, lifebuoys, buoyancy aids, lifejackets or aquatic toys.

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IEC 60704-1:2021 is available as IEC 60704-1:2021 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 60704-1:2021 applies to electric appliances (including their accessories or components) for household and similar use, supplied from mains or from batteries. By "similar use" is understood the use in conditions similar to those found in households, for example in inns, coffee houses, tea rooms, hotels, barber or hairdresser shops, launderettes, etc., if not otherwise specified in the IEC 60704-2 series. This document does not apply to: – appliances, equipment, or machines designed exclusively for industrial or professional purposes; – appliances that are integrated parts of a building or its installations, such as equipment for air conditioning, heating and ventilating (except household fans, cooker hoods, free-standing heating appliances, dehumidifiers, air cleaners, and stand-alone water heaters), oil burners for central heating, pumps for water supply and for sewage systems; – separate motors or generators and – appliances exclusively for outdoor use. For determining and verifying noise emission values declared in product specifications, see IEC 60704-3:2019. This fourth edition cancels and replaces the third edition published in 2010. This edition constitutes a technical revision. It includes the following significant changes with respect to the previous edition: a) update of references (especially to ISO standards); b) revision of requirements on climatic conditions; c) revision of requirements on background noise level.

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This European Standard specifies safety requirements for construction, performance, sizing, marking and information supplied by the manufacturer for swimming aids intended to assist beginners with movement through the water while learning to swim or while learning part of a swimming stroke. It also gives methods of test for verification of these requirements.
This part 1 of prEN 13138 applies only to devices that are designed to be worn, to be securely attached to the body and which have either inherent buoyancy or can be inflated. It only applies to Class B devices intended to introduce the user to the range of swimming strokes. It does not apply to Class A or Class C devices, to pull buoys, swim rings, lifebuoys, buoyancy aids, lifejackets or aquatic toys.
This document (prEN13138-1:2018) applies only in connection with prEN 13138-4:2018.

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This European Standard deals with the safety of electric instantaneous water heaters for household and similar purposes and intended for heating water below boiling temperature, their rated voltage being not more than 250 V for single-phase appliances and 480 V for other appliances

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This European Standard specifies safety requirements for construction, performance, sizing and marking for swimming devices intended to assist users with movement through the water in the early stages of water awareness, while learning to swim or while learning part of a swimming stroke. It also gives methods of test for verification of these requirements.
This part 2 of EN 13138 applies only to class C devices that are designed to be held in the hands or by the body. Typical devices include kick boards and pull/kick boards. These devices are used to assist in learning to swim or to assist with swimming strokes and improving specific elements of the stroke, which have either inherent buoyancy or can be inflated.
It does not apply to pull buoys, swim rings, lifebuoys, buoyancy aids, lifejackets or aquatic toys.

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This European Standard deals with the safety of electric thermal-storage room heaters intended to heat the room in which they are located, their rated voltage being not more than 250 V for single phase and 480 V for other appliances.

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This document specifies a vibration test code for determining, efficiently and under standardized conditions, the magnitude of vibration at the handles of portable hand-held, internal-combustion-engine-powered forest and garden machinery, including chain-saws, brush-cutters, grass-trimmers, edgers, pole-mounted powered pruners, hedge-trimmers and garden-blowers. Although the magnitudes measured are obtained in an artificial operation, they nevertheless give an indication of the values to be found in a real work situation. Vibration test codes, as described in this document, enable the manufacturer to verify the effort regarding low vibration design.

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This European Standard deals with the safety of electrical appliances for heating liquids for household and similar purposes, their rated voltage being not more than 250 V.

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This document specifies requirements, test methods, marking and information for protective gloves and other hand protective equipment against thermal risks for professional use, consumer, domestic use. This document is also applicable to arm protective equipment. It is used for all gloves and other hand protective equipment which protect the hands or part of the hand against heat and/or fire in one or more of the following forms: flame, contact heat, convective heat, radiant heat, small splashes or large quantities of molten metal. This document is only applicable in conjunction with ISOÂ 21420:2020. This document does not apply to gloves for fire-fighters or welding that have their own standards.

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IEC 60335-2-78:2021 is available as IEC 60335-2-78:2021 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 60335-2-78:2021 deals with the safety of outdoor barbecues for household and similar use, their rated voltage being not more than 250 V.
Appliances not intended for normal household use but that nevertheless can be a source of danger to the public, such as appliances intended to be used by laymen in shops, restaurants, hotels, in light industry and on farms, are within the scope of this standard.
As far as is practicable, this standard deals with the common hazards presented by appliances that are encountered by all persons in and around the home. However, in general, it does not take into account
- persons (including children) whose physical, sensory or mental capabilities; or lack of experience and knowledge prevents them from using the appliance safely without supervision or instruction;
- children playing with the appliance.
Attention is drawn to the fact that
- for appliances intended to be used on board ships, additional requirements may be necessary;
- in many countries, additional requirements are specified by the national health authorities, the national authorities responsible for the protection of labour and similar authorities.
This standard does not apply to
- barbecues for indoor use (IEC 60335-2-9);
- appliances intended to burn charcoal or similar combustible fuels;
- appliances intended exclusively for industrial purposes;
- appliances intended to be used in locations where special conditions prevail, such as the presence of a corrosive or explosive atmosphere (dust, vapour or gas);
- battery-operated appliances.
This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2002, Amendment 1: 2008 and Amendment 2:2019. This edition constitutes a technical revision.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) the text is aligned with IEC 60335-1:2020;
b) some notes have been converted to normative text (Clause 1, 5.2, 15.101, 22.102);
c) requirements for communal use barbecues have been added (Clause 3, 7.1, 22.103, 22.104);
d) exclusion of battery-operated appliances (Clause 1);
e) clarification of the need for an RCD is added (7.12).
This part 2 is to be used in conjunction with the latest edition of IEC 60335-1 and its amendments unless that edition precludes it; in that case, the latest edition that does not preclude it is used. It was established on the basis of the sixth edition (2020) of that standard.

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IEC 60335-2-52:2021 is available as IEC 60335-2-52:2021 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 60335-2-52:2021 deals with the safety of electric oral hygiene appliances for household and similar purposes, their rated voltage being not more than 250 V, including direct current (DC) supplied appliances and battery-operated appliances.
Examples of appliances that this standard is applicable to are
- oral irrigators;
- toothbrushes.
As far as is practicable, this standard deals with the common hazards presented by appliances that are encountered by all persons in and around the home. However, in general, it does not take into account
- persons (including children) whose physical, sensory or mental capabilities, or lack of experience and knowledge prevents them from using the appliance safely without supervision or instruction;
- children playing with the appliance.
Attention is drawn to the fact that
- for appliances intended to be used in vehicles or on board ships or aircraft, additional requirements can be necessary;
- in many countries additional requirements are specified by the national health authorities, the national authorities responsible for the protection of labour and similar authorities.
This standard does not apply to appliances for medical purposes (IEC 60601).
This fourth edition cancels and replaces the third edition published in 2002, Amendment 1: 2008 and Amendment 2:2017. This edition constitutes a technical revision.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) the text has been aligned with IEC 60335-1:2020;
b) some notes have been converted to normative text (Clause 1, 11.7, 22.101);
c) clarification of requirements for battery-operated appliances (Clause 1, 11.7, B.11.1);
d) application of test probe 19 has been introduced (8.1.1, 20.2);
e) the stability test has been updated to cover hand-held parts of battery-operated appliances when placed on their charging stand (20.1);
f) a drop test is introduced for hand-held parts of an appliance (21.101);
g) additional strength tests for detachable power supply parts are introduced (21.102);
h) Table B.2 and Table B.3 updated to reflect smaller cell capacities for battery-operated appliances covered by this Part 2 standard.
This Part 2 is to be used in conjunction with the latest edition of IEC 60335-1 and its amendments unless that edition precludes it; in that case, the latest edition that does not preclude it is used. It was established on the basis of the sixth edition (2020) of that standard.

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IEC 62990-2:2021 gives guidance on the selection, installation, use and maintenance of electrical equipment used for the measurement of toxic gases and vapours in workplace atmospheres. The primary purpose of such equipment is to ensure safety of personnel and property by providing an indication of the concentration of a toxic gas or vapour and warning of its presence. This document is applicable to equipment whose purpose is to provide an indication, alarm or other output function to give a warning of the presence of a toxic gas or vapour in the atmosphere and in some cases to initiate automatic or manual protective actions. It is applicable to equipment in which the sensor automatically generates an electrical signal when gas is present. For the purposes of this document, equipment includes: a) fixed equipment; b) transportable equipment, and c) portable equipment. This document is intended to cover equipment defined within IEC 62990-1, but can provide useful information for equipment not covered by that document.

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This document specifies methods for the determination of the liquid and plastic limits of a soil. These comprise two of the Atterberg limits for soils.
The liquid limit is the water content at which a soil changes from the liquid to the plastic state.
This document describes the determination of the liquid limit of a specimen of natural soil, or of a specimen of soil from which material larger than about 0,4 mm has been removed. This document describes two methods: the fall cone method and the Casagrande method.
NOTE The fall cone method in this document should not be confused with that of ISO 17892‑6.
The plastic limit of a soil is the water content at which a soil ceases to be plastic when dried further.
The determination of the plastic limit is normally made in conjunction with the determination of the liquid limit. It is recognized that the results of the test are subject to the judgement of the operator, and that some variability in results will occur.

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IEC 60335-2-106:2021 is available as IEC 60335-2-106:2021 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 60335-2-106:2021 deals with the safety of
- portable heated carpets;
- heated carpets and similar appliances;
- heating units to heat the room in which they are located and that are intended to be installed directly under materials used as a removable floor covering such as carpet, cushion vinyl, or loose laid laminate,
their rated voltage being not more than 250 V for single-phase installations and 480 V for other installations, including direct current (DC) supplied appliances.
Attention is drawn to the fact that
- in many countries different wiring rules apply;
- for appliances intended to be used in vehicles or on board ships or aircraft, additional requirements can be necessary;
- in many countries additional requirements are specified by the national authorities for fire protection, the national authorities for building regulations, the national health authorities, the national authorities responsible for the protection of labour and similar authorities.
This standard does not apply to
- appliances intended exclusively for industrial purposes;
- appliances intended to be used in locations where special conditions prevail, such as the presence of a corrosive or explosive atmosphere (dust, vapour or gas);
- blankets, pads and similar flexible heating appliances (IEC 60335-2-17);
- heated mats and foot warmers with an area not exceeding 0,5 m2 (IEC 60335-2-81);
- flexible sheet heating systems permanently incorporated in the floor of the building structure (IEC 60335-2-96);
- flexible heating elements incorporated in other appliances;
- battery-operated appliances.
This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2007. This edition constitutes a technical revision.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) the text has been aligned with IEC 60335-1:2020;
b) some notes have been converted to normative text (Clause 1, 5.2, 5.3, 5.6, 7.12.1, 7.101, 10.1, 18.101.1, 18.101.2, 18.102.5, 19.1, 19.103, 21.1, 21.104, 21.105, 30.102);
c) requirements for portable heated carpets have been added (Clause 1, 5.2, 5.5, 6.1, 6.2, 7.1, 7.6, 7.12, 7.14, 7.101, 11.8, 15.1, 15.101, 16.1, 16.2, 16.3, 19.101, 19.102. 19.103, 21.105, 21.106, 24.1.5, 24.2, 29.3);
d) requirements for washable portable heated carpets have been added (5.3, 7.1, 7.6, 7.12, 7.14);
e) the test of 30.102 has been updated.
This Part 2 is to be used in conjunction with the latest edition of IEC 60335-1 and its amendments unless that edition precludes it; in that case, the latest edition that does not preclude it is used. It was established on the basis of the sixth edition (2020) of that standard.

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This document gives the safety requirements and measures for numerically controlled (NC/CNC) boring machines, NC/CNC routing machines and NC/CNC boring and routing machines (as defined in 3.2, 3.3 and 3.4), capable of continuous production use, hereinafter referred to as "machines". This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events, listed in Annex A, relevant to the machines when they are operated, adjusted and maintained as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer including reasonably foreseeable misuse. Also, transport, assembly, dismantling, disabling and scrapping phases have been taken into account. This document is also applicable to machines fitted with one or more of the following devices/additional working units, whose hazards have been dealt with: —   additional working units for sawing, sanding, assembling or dowel inserting; —   fixed or movable workpiece support; —   mechanical, pneumatic, hydraulic or vacuum workpiece clamping; —   automatic tool change devices. It is also applicable to machines fitted with edge-banding equipment, even if the relevant specific hazards have not been dealt with. NOTE     For the risk assessment needed for the edge-banding equipment, ISO 19085-17 can be useful. Machines covered in this document are designed for workpieces consisting of: —   solid wood; —   material with similar physical characteristics to wood (see ISO 19085-1:2021, 3.2); —   gypsum boards, gypsum bounded fibreboards, cardboard; —   matrix engineered mineral boards, silicate boards; —   composite materials with core consisting of polyurethane or mineral material laminated with light alloy; —   polymer-matrix composite materials and reinforced thermoplastic/thermoset/elastomeric materials; —   aluminium light alloy profiles; —   aluminium light alloy plates with a maximum thickness of 10 mm; —   composite boards made from the materials listed above. This document does not deal with specific hazards related to: —   use of grinding wheels; —   ejection through openings guarded by curtains on machines where the height of the opening in the enclosure above the workpiece support exceeds 700 mm; —   ejection due to failure of milling tools with a cutting circle diameter equal to or greater than 16 mm and sawing tools not conforming to EN 847‑1:2017 and EN 847‑2:2017; —   the combination of a single machine being used with other machines (as a part of a line); —   integrated workpiece loading/unloading systems (e.g. robots). This document is not applicable to: —   single spindle hand fed or integrated fed routing machines; —   machines intended for use in potentially explosive atmosphere; —   machines manufactured prior to its publication.

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This document specifies requirements, test methods, performance criteria and manufacturers' instructions for smoke alarms that operate using scattered light, transmitted light or ionization, and are intended for household or similar residential applications. For the testing of other types of smoke alarms, or smoke alarms working on different principles, this document is recommended only as guidance. Smoke alarms with special characteristics and developed for specific risks are not covered by this document. This document allows, although it does not require, the inclusion within the smoke alarm of facilities for the following: —   visual fault condition indication; —   extended temperature-range operation; —   interconnection with other similar smoke alarms or accessories; —   temporary disablement; —   alarm silencing; —   signal frequency characteristics; —   standby power source low condition silence; —   smoke alarms with voice; —   smoke alarms using radio frequency links; —   response to slowly developing fires (drift compensation). Where such facilities are included, this document specifies applicable requirements. This document does not cover devices intended for incorporation in systems using separate control and indicating equipment. Such systems are specified in the ISO 7240 series.

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This document specifies methods for testing footwear designed as personal protective equipment.

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This European Standard defines the activities related to work on or near the railway track and the associated competence profiles of persons who carry out these activities and defines procedures for assessing the competence.

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2021-03-01 - Lack of compliance - publication on hold

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IEC 60695-7-2:2021 gives a brief summary of the test methods that are in common use in the assessment of the toxicity of fire effluent. It includes special observations on their relevance to real fire scenarios and gives recommendations on their use.
It advises which tests provide toxic potency data that are relevant to real fire scenarios, and which are suitable for use in fire hazard assessment and fire safety engineering.
The list of test methods is not to be considered exhaustive.
This summary cannot be used in place of published standards which are the only valid reference documents.
This basic safety publication is intended for use by technical committees in the preparation of standards in accordance with the principles laid down in IEC Guide 104 and ISO/IEC Guide 51.
One of the responsibilities of a technical committee is, wherever applicable, to make use of basic safety publications in the preparation of its publications. The requirements, test methods or test conditions of this basic safety publication will not apply unless specifically referred to or included in the relevant publications.
This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2011. This edition constitutes a technical revision.
The main changes with respect to the previous edition are listed below:
– New text in the introduction;
– New text in the scope;
– Clause 2 has been updated;
– Many terms and definitions in Clause 3 reproduced from ISO 13943 have been deleted. Other terms and definitions have been added.
– New text in Subclauses 4.3 and 4.4;
– New text in Subclause 6.1;
– References to IEC 60695-7-50 and -51 (now withdrawn) have been removed;
– Reference to DEF STAN 07-247 has been added;
– Details of ISO/TS 19021 have been added;
– Details of EN 17084 have been added;
– New text added concerning ISO/TS 19700;
– New text added concerning the IMO FTP toxicity test;
– New Subclause 7.1 has been added;
– The Annex in Edition1 has been replaced by new Clause 8;
– The bibliography has been updated.

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IEC 60695-2-11:2021 is available as IEC 60695-2-11:2021 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC 60695-2-11:2021 specifies a test method on an end product. It is intended to simulate the effects of thermal stresses produced by an electrically heated source to represent a fire hazard. This test method is used to check that, under defined test conditions, an end product exposed to an electrically heated source has either a limited ability to ignite or, if it ignites, a limited ability to propagate flame. However, the fire hazard analysis, the flammability aspects and the flame spreading to other products are not covered by this document. This basic safety publication focusing on safety test method(s) is primarily intended for use by technical committees in the preparation of safety publications in accordance with the principles laid down in IEC Guide 104 and ISO/IEC Guide 51. One of the responsibilities of a technical committee is, wherever applicable, to make use of basic safety publications in the preparation of its publications. This publication is to be read in conjunction with IEC 60695-2-10. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2014. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) Numerous terms and definitions relevant to this document have been added to Clause 3.

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This European Standard provides requirements and measures to deal with the significant and specific railway risks during works on or in proximity of the track and with common principles for the protection of fixed and mobile work sites with trains and/or machines circulating on the working track and trains circulating on the adjacent track(s). Railway risks and protection measures for access and egress to/from the work site are considered in the same way as railway risks and protection measures for work itself.
This European Standard is applicable to all operations related to work activities on rail guided systems. Infrastructure of metro, tram and other light rail systems is excluded from the scope ).
The following specific railway risks are taken into consideration:
—   Risk 1: Personnel being struck by a train or injured due to wind drag  from a train on open working track (safety of the worker);
NOTE 1   Risk 1 includes injuring of a worker by machines, material or equipment being struck by a train on the working track.
—   Risk 2: Personnel being struck by a train or injured due to wind drag from train on adjacent track (safety of the worker);
—   Risk 3: Personnel being struck by machine or train on blocked track (safety of the worker);
—   Risk 4: Machines, material or equipment being struck by a train on the adjacent track (safety of the operation/safety of the worker);
—   Risk 5: Personnel being electrified or electrocuted by fixed electrical equipment (safety of the worker).
NOTE 2   Risk 5 includes hazards caused by pantographs of passing trains.
This European Standard also provides requirements to the process of installing basic preventive measures when planning new infrastructure or installing corrective measures when adapting existing infrastructure.
This European Standard may be extended to third parties when it is considered appropriate and reasonable by the infrastructure manager, if one or more of the five significant risks described inside this standard, arise as a result of their activities in proximity of the track.

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IEC 60695-2-10:2021 is available as IEC 60695-2-10:2021 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 60695-2-10:2021 specifies the glow-wire apparatus and common test procedure to simulate the effects of thermal stresses which may be produced by heat sources such as glowing elements or overloaded resistors, for short periods, in order to assess the fire hazard by a simulation technique. The test procedure described in this document is a common test procedure intended for the small-scale tests in which a standardized electrically heated wire is used as a source of ignition. It is a common part of the test procedures applied to end products and to solid electrical insulating materials or other solid combustible materials. A detailed description of each particular test procedure is given in IEC 60695-2-11, IEC 60695-2-12 and IEC 60695-2-13. This basic safety publication focusing on safety test method(s) is primarily intended for use by technical committees in the preparation of safety publications in accordance with the principles laid down in IEC Guide 104 and ISO/IEC Guide 51. One of the responsibilities of a technical committee is, wherever applicable, to make use of basic safety publications in the preparation of its publications. This standard is to be used in conjunction with IEC 60695-2-11, IEC 60695-2-12, and IEC 60695-2-13. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2013. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) New terms and definitions with regards to times and durations have been added to Clause 3.
b) Previous Annex A of Equipment manufacturers and suppliers has been deleted.
c) Annex A (previous Annex B) for ignition and flaming observations has been changed from informative to normative.
d) New Annex C has been added, which visualizes times and durations, and gives examples for the behaviour of specimens, and how to evaluate them.

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This document gives guidance for leaders in smart cities and communities (from the public, private and voluntary sectors) on how to develop an open, collaborative, citizen-centric and digitally-enabled operating model for their city that puts its vision for a sustainable future into operation. This document does not describe a one-size-fits-all model for the future of cities. Rather, the focus is on the enabling processes by which innovative use of technology and data, coupled with organizational change, can help each city deliver its own specific vision for a sustainable future in more efficient, effective and agile ways. This document provides proven tools that cities can deploy when operationalizing the vision, strategy and policy agenda they have developed following the adoption of ISO 37101, the management system for sustainable development of communities. It can also be used, either in whole or in part, by cities that have not committed to deployment of the ISO 37101 management system.

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This part of IEC 60695 specifies the details of the glow-wire test to be applied to test specimens of solid electrical insulating materials or other solid materials for ignitability testing to determine the glow-wire ignition temperature (GWIT). The GWIT is the temperature which is 25 K (or 30 K) higher than the maximum test temperature, determined during this standardized procedure, at which the tested material does not ignite, or sustained flaming combustion does not occur for a time longer than 5 s for any single flame event and the specimen is not totally consumed. This test is a materials test carried out on a series of standard test specimens. The data obtained, along with data from the glow-wire flammability index (GWFI) test method for materials, IEC 60695-2-12, can then be used in a preselection process in accordance with IEC 60695-1-30 [4] to judge the ability of materials to meet the requirements of IEC 60695-2-11. NOTE As an outcome of conducting a fire hazard assessment, an appropriate series of preselection flammability and ignition tests can allow a reduction of end product testing. This basic safety publication focusing on safety test method(s) is primarily intended for use by technical committees in the preparation of safety publications in accordance with the principles laid down in IEC Guide 104 and ISO/IEC Guide 51. One of the responsibilities of a technical committee is, wherever applicable, to make use of basic safety publications in the preparation of its publications.

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This document specifies general requirements for operators' eye protectors for intense light source (ILS) equipment used on humans and animals for cosmetic and medical applications against excessive exposure to optical radiation in the spectral range 250 nm to 3 000 nm, with the exception of laser radiation. This document is applicable to devices intended for patient protection during ILS procedures, except for treatment in the periorbital area. For guidance on patient eye protection during ILS procedures, see ISO/TR 22463. For guidance on the use and selection of ILS eye protectors, see ISO 12609-2. This document does not apply to: —   laser protectors, for which ISO 19818-1 applies; —   protectors for medically prescribed applications (not occupational), e.g. eye protection for severe dry eye, tints prescribed for medical conditions; —   protectors specifically intended for protection against only solar radiation and used in non-occupational environments for which the ISO 12312 (all parts) applies; —   protectors used with tanning equipment; —   protectors intended to protect against ionizing radiation, e.g. X-rays, for which IEC 61331-3 applies.

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