Fixed Radio Systems; Multipoint Equipment and Antennas; Part 3: Harmonized EN covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive for Multipoint Radio Antennas

REN/TM-04169-3

Fiksni radijski sistemi – Večtočkovna oprema in antene – 3. del: Harmonizirani EN, ki zajema bistvene zahteve člena 3.2 direktive R&TTE za večtočkovne radijske antene

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
23-Aug-2006
Current Stage
12 - Citation in the OJ
Due Date
03-Aug-2006
Completion Date
24-Aug-2006
Mandate

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 302 326-3 V1.1.2:2006
01-junij-2006

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Fixed Radio Systems; Multipoint Equipment and Antennas; Part 3: Harmonized EN

covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive for Multipoint

Radio Antennas
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 302 326-3 Version 1.1.2
ICS:
33.060.30 Radiorelejni in fiksni satelitski Radio relay and fixed satellite
komunikacijski sistemi communications systems
33.120.40 Antene Aerials
SIST EN 302 326-3 V1.1.2:2006 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 302 326-3 V1.1.2:2006
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 302 326-3 V1.1.2:2006
ETSI EN 302 326-3 V1.1.2 (2006-03)
Candidate Harmonized European Standard (Telecommunications series)
Fixed Radio Systems;
Multipoint Equipment and Antennas;
Part 3: Harmonized EN covering the essential requirements
of article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive
for Multipoint Radio Antennas
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 302 326-3 V1.1.2:2006
2 ETSI EN 302 326-3 V1.1.2 (2006-03)
Reference
REN/TM-04169-3
Keywords
access, antenna, DFRS, DRRS, FWA, multipoint,
radio, system
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Copyright Notification
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The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.
© European Telecommunications Standards Institute 2006.
All rights reserved.
TM TM TM

DECT , PLUGTESTS and UMTS are Trade Marks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members.

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ETSI
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SIST EN 302 326-3 V1.1.2:2006
3 ETSI EN 302 326-3 V1.1.2 (2006-03)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights................................................................................................................................5

Foreword.............................................................................................................................................................5

0 Introduction..............................................................................................................................................6

0.1 General...............................................................................................................................................................6

0.2 Applicability to the R&TTE directive................................................................................................................6

1 Scope........................................................................................................................................................9

1.1 General...............................................................................................................................................................9

1.2 Frequency ranges..............................................................................................................................................10

1.3 Profiles.............................................................................................................................................................10

1.3.1 General........................................................................................................................................................10

1.3.2 Equipment profiles......................................................................................................................................10

1.3.3 Antenna profiles..........................................................................................................................................10

1.3.4 System profiles...........................................................................................................................................11

2 References..............................................................................................................................................12

3 Definitions, symbols and abbreviations .................................................................................................12

3.1 Definitions........................................................................................................................................................12

3.2 Symbols............................................................................................................................................................16

3.3 Abbreviations...................................................................................................................................................16

4 Technical requirements specifications...................................................................................................17

4.1 Classification of antennas.................................................................................................................................17

4.2 Phenomena description.....................................................................................................................................17

4.2.1 General........................................................................................................................................................17

4.2.2 Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE)..............................................................................................................18

4.2.3 Antenna Gain..............................................................................................................................................19

4.3 Environmental specifications and test ..............................................................................................................19

4.4 Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE) requirements .............................................................................................19

4.4.1 Directional antennas (DN): co-polar and cross-polar RPEs........................................................................19

4.4.1.1 Classes defined in the present document...............................................................................................19

4.4.1.2 Directional antennas conforming to EN 302 217-4-1 and EN 302 217-4-2..........................................23

4.4.2 Sectored single beam antennas (SS) ...........................................................................................................23

4.4.2.1 Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE), azimuth: co-polar and cross-polar ................................................23

4.4.2.2 Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE), elevation .......................................................................................25

4.4.2.2.1 Symmetric elevation RPEs: co-polar and cross-polar .....................................................................25

4.4.2.2.2 Asymmetric elevation RPEs: co-polar and cross-polar ...................................................................26

4.4.3 Sectored multi-beam antennas (MS)...........................................................................................................26

4.4.3.1 General..................................................................................................................................................26

4.4.3.2 Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE), azimuth: co-polar and cross-polar ................................................27

4.4.3.3 Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE), elevation: co-polar and cross-polar...............................................29

4.4.4 Omnidirectional antennas (OD)..................................................................................................................29

4.4.4.1 General..................................................................................................................................................29

4.4.4.2 Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE), azimuth .........................................................................................29

4.4.4.3 Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE), elevation .......................................................................................29

4.4.4.3.1 Symmetric elevation RPEs: co-polar and cross-polar .....................................................................29

4.4.4.3.2 Asymmetric elevation RPEs: co-polar and cross-polar ...................................................................30

4.5 Antenna gain requirements...............................................................................................................................31

4.5.1 General........................................................................................................................................................31

4.5.2 Directional antennas...................................................................................................................................31

4.5.3 Sectored single beam antennas ...................................................................................................................32

4.5.4 Sectored multi-beam antennas ....................................................................................................................32

4.5.5 Omnidirectional antennas...........................................................................................................................32

5 Testing for conformance with technical requirements ...........................................................................33

5.1 Void..................................................................................................................................................................33

5.2 Wide radio-frequency band covering antennas specification and test..............................................................33

ETSI
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SIST EN 302 326-3 V1.1.2:2006
4 ETSI EN 302 326-3 V1.1.2 (2006-03)

5.3 Environmental conditions for Testing ..............................................................................................................33

5.4 Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE) ...................................................................................................................33

5.5 Antenna gain....................................................................................................................................................33

Annex A (normative): HS Requirements and conformance Test specifications Table (HS-

RTT)................................................................................................................34

Annex B (informative): Antenna profiles.............................................................................................36

B.1 General...................................................................................................................................................36

B.2 Directional antennas...............................................................................................................................36

B.3 Sectorial and omnidirectional antennas..................................................................................................37

Annex C (informative): The EN title in the official languages ...........................................................38

Annex D (informative): Bibliography...................................................................................................39

History ..............................................................................................................................................................40

ETSI
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SIST EN 302 326-3 V1.1.2:2006
5 ETSI EN 302 326-3 V1.1.2 (2006-03)
Intellectual Property Rights

IPRs essential or potentially essential to the present document may have been declared to ETSI. The information

pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, is publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be found

in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to ETSI in

respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the ETSI Web

server (http://webapp.etsi.org/IPR/home.asp).

Pursuant to the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation, including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee

can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web

server) which are, or may be, or may become, essential to the present document.
Foreword

This Candidate Harmonized European Standard (Telecommunications series) has been produced by ETSI Technical

Committee Transmission and Multiplexing (TM).

The present document has been produced by ETSI in response to a mandate from the European Commission issued

under Council Directive 98/34/EC (as amended) laying down a procedure for the provision of information in the field of

technical standards and regulations.

The present document is intended to become a Harmonized Standard, the reference of which will be published in the

Official Journal of the European Communities referencing the Directive 1999/5/EC of the European Parliament and of

the Council of 9 March 1999 on radio equipment and telecommunications terminal equipment and the mutual

recognition of their conformity ("the R&TTE Directive" [1]).

Technical specifications relevant to Directive 1999/5/EC [1] are given in annex A.

This multi-part deliverable covers characteristics and requirements for fixed multipoint radio equipment and antennas,

using a variety of access and duplex methods and operating at a variety of bit rates in frequency bands as specified in

the present document.

The present document is part 3 of a multi-part deliverable covering the Fixed Radio Systems; Multipoint Equipment and

Antennas, as identified below:
Part 1: "Overview and Requirements for Digital Multipoint Radio Systems";

Part 2: "Harmonized EN covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive for Digital

Multipoint Radio Equipment";

Part 3: "Harmonized EN covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive for

Multipoint Radio Antennas".

EN 302 326-2 [6] and the present document are Harmonized ENs and essential requirements are those requirements

which are essential under article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive [1].

In the above, "equipment" includes equipment with integral antennas, and "antennas" include requirements for antennas

whether they are integral or non-integral.

The present document with EN 302 326-2 [6] will replace and supersede the harmonized EN 301 753 (see bibliography)

for all Multipoint equipment and antennas under its scope.

The date of cessation of presumption of conformity to R&TTE Directive [1] with reference to EN 301 753

(see bibliography, latest version published) is proposed to be two years after the date of publication in the OJ EC of the

present document.
ETSI
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SIST EN 302 326-3 V1.1.2:2006
6 ETSI EN 302 326-3 V1.1.2 (2006-03)
National transposition dates
Date of latest announcement of this EN (doa): 30 June 2006
Date of latest publication of new National Standard
or endorsement of this EN (dop/e): 31 December 2007
Date of withdrawal of any conflicting National Standard (dow): 31 December 2007
0 Introduction
0.1 General

For the general background, rationale and structure of the present document see also the clause "Introduction" in

EN 302 326-1 [5].
0.2 Applicability to the R&TTE directive

The present document is part of a set of standards designed to fit in a modular structure to cover all radio and

telecommunications terminal equipment under the R&TTE Directive [1]. Each standard is a module in the structure.

The modular structure is shown in figure 1.
ETSI
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SIST EN 302 326-3 V1.1.2:2006
7 ETSI EN 302 326-3 V1.1.2 (2006-03)
Disability*
3.3f
Emergency*
3.3e
Fraud*
3.3d
3.3c
Privacy*
No harm to the network*
3.3b
* If needed
Scoped by
Interworking via the network*
equipment
3.3a class or type
Interworking with the network
Use of spectrum
3.2
New radio harmonized standards
Spectrum
Scoped by frequency and/or equipment type
Radio Product EMC
EN 301 489 multi-part EMC standard
3.1b
EMC
Generic and product standards also notified under EMC Directive
- If needed, new standards for human exposure to
Electromagnetic Fields,
- if needed, new standards for acoustic safety
3.1a
Standards also notified under LV Directive
Safety
Non-radio Radio (RE)
TTE Non-TTE

Figure 1: Modular structure for the various standards used under the R&TTE Directive [1]

The left hand edge of figure 1 shows the different clauses of article 3 of the R&TTE Directive [1].

For article 3.3 various horizontal boxes are shown. Dotted lines indicate that at the time of publication of the present

document essential requirements in these areas have to be adopted by the Commission. If such essential requirements

are adopted, and as far and as long as they are applicable, they will justify individual standards whose scope is likely to

be specified by function or interface type.

The vertical boxes show the standards under article 3.2 for the use of the radio spectrum by radio equipment. The

scopes of these standards are specified either by frequency (normally in the case where frequency bands are

harmonized) or by radio equipment type.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN 302 326-3 V1.1.2:2006
8 ETSI EN 302 326-3 V1.1.2 (2006-03)

For article 3.1b the diagram shows EN 301 489 (see bibliography), the multi-part product EMC standard for radio used

under the EMC Directive 89/336/EEC (see bibliography).

NOTE: For Fixed Radio Systems, EN 301 489-1 and EN 301 489-4 (see bibliography) are relevant.

For article 3.1a the diagram shows the existing safety standards currently used under the LV Directive 73/23/EEC

(see bibliography) and new standards covering human exposure to electromagnetic fields. New standards covering

acoustic safety may also be required.

The bottom of the figure shows the relationship of the standards to radio equipment and telecommunications terminal

equipment. A particular equipment may be radio equipment, telecommunications terminal equipment or both. A radio

spectrum standard will apply if it is radio equipment. An article 3.3 standard will apply as well only if the relevant

essential requirement under the R&TTE Directive [1] is adopted by the Commission and if the equipment in question is

covered by the scope of the corresponding standard. Thus, depending on the nature of the equipment, the essential

requirements under the R&TTE Directive [1] may be covered in a set of standards.
The modularity principle has been taken because:

• it minimizes the number of standards needed. Because equipment may, in fact, have multiple interfaces and

functions it is not practicable to produce a single standard for each possible combination of functions that may

occur in an equipment;
• it provides scope for standards to be added:
- under article 3.2 when new frequency bands are agreed; or
- under article 3.3 should the Commission take the necessary decisions
without requiring alteration of standards that are already published;

• it clarifies, simplifies and promotes the usage of Harmonized Standards as the relevant means of conformity

assessment.
ETSI
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SIST EN 302 326-3 V1.1.2:2006
9 ETSI EN 302 326-3 V1.1.2 (2006-03)
1 Scope
1.1 General

The present document is intended to cover the provisions of the R&TTE Directive [1] regarding article 3.2, which states

that "….. radio equipment shall be so constructed that it effectively uses the spectrum allocated to terrestrial/space radio

communications and orbital resources so as to avoid harmful interference".

The present document is applicable to the essential requirements of antennas (including equipment with integral

antennas) used in fixed multipoint radio systems intended for use in the frequency bands identified in EN 302 326-1 [5].

The present document together with EN 302 326-2 [6], is intended to replace and supersede, after a suitable transition

period, the harmonized EN 301 753 (see bibliography). for all multipoint equipment and antennas under its scope.

The present document and EN 302 326-2 [6] introduce rationalization among systems conforming to previous

EN 301 753 (see bibliography) referencing a number of ENs which, being developed at different times, may have

specified slightly different antenna parameters. Nevertheless, care has been taken so that such variations will not affect

any frequency planning assumption for already deployed networks. Therefore, unless specifically mentioned, these new

requirements, whenever different from those single ENs, are considered completely "equivalent". Therefore mixed use

of antennas conforming to the present document and to those previous ones will not change, in practice, any frequency

planning rule in any network.

Therefore, from a strictly technical point of view, in most cases it is expected that equipment already conforming to the

previous versions of Harmonized EN 301 753 (see bibliography), would not need re-assessment of essential

requirements according to the present document. The legal implications of the declaration of conformity and equipment

labelling are, however, outside the scope of this whole multi-part deliverable. Cases, where additional conformance

assessment is required, will be specifically mentioned in EN 302 326-2 [6] and in the present document.

A formal change in the requirements, introduced by the present document, is that the antenna manufacturer shall declare

the nominal gain and tolerance of the antenna against which the conformity assessment is done.

In addition to the present document, other ENs specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements under

other parts of article 3 of the R&TTE Directive [1] and which will apply to antennas within the scope of the present

document.

NOTE: A list of such ENs is included on the web site: http://www.newapproach.org.

In order to (technically) cover different market and network requirements, with an appropriate balance of performance

to cost and effective and appropriate use of the radio spectrum, the present document, together with EN 302 326-2 [6],

offers a number of system types and antennas alternatives, for selection by administrations, operators and manufacturers

dependent on the desired use of the radio spectrum and network/market requirements; those options include:

• channel separation alternatives (as provided by the relevant CEPT Recommendation);

• spectral efficiency class alternatives (different modulation formats provided in radio equipment standards);

• antenna sectorization alternatives and directivity classes for CS;
• antenna directivity class alternatives for TS and/or RS;
• antenna basic polarization (linear or circular).

For Digital Fixed Radio Systems (DFRS), antennas are considered "relevant components" of "radio equipment"

according the definition in article 2(c) of the R&TTE Directive [1].

More information and background on the R&TTE Directive [1] possible applicability and requirements for stand alone

DFRS antennas is found in EG 201 399 (see bibliography) and in TR 101 506 (see bibliography).

Technical specifications relevant to the R&TTE Directive [1] are summarized in annex A. For Fixed Systems, antennas

are considered "relevant components" of "radio equipment" according the definition in article 2(c) of the R&TTE

Directive [1].
ETSI
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SIST EN 302 326-3 V1.1.2:2006
10 ETSI EN 302 326-3 V1.1.2 (2006-03)
1.2 Frequency ranges

The present document is applicable to antennas (whether integral or non-integral) used in multipoint radio systems

operating in bands allocated to Fixed Service and assigned by national regulations to MP applications within the

following frequency ranges:
• 1 GHz to 3 GHz;
• 3 GHz to 5,9 GHz;
• 5,9 GHz to 8,5 GHz;
• 8,5 GHz to 11 GHz;
• 24,25 GHz to 30 GHz;
• 30 GHz to 40,5 GHz.

NOTE 1: Attention is drawn to the fact that the specific operating bands are subject of CEPT or national licensing

rules. Currently applicable Fixed Service bands and channel plans are described in EN 302 326-1 [5],

although the applicability of these Fixed Service bands is at the discretion of the national administrations.

Therefore, this EN applies only to those bands which are allocated to the Fixed Service and/or assigned

by national regulations to MP applications on the date on which the EN was published.

NOTE 2: Antenna characteristics are not specified at frequencies below 1 GHz and therefore the present document

and Harmonized EN 302 326-2 [6] can not be used for Declaration of conformity, according article 3.2 of

the R&TTE Directive [1] for non integral antennas or for equipment with integral antennas below this

limit. In this case, additional test suites for relevant antenna directional phenomena shall be produced in

accordance with a Notified Body.

NOTE 3: MWS antenna systems in the band 40,5 GHz to 43,5 GHz are not within the scope of the present

document. For these systems see EN 301 997-2 (see bibliography).
1.3 Profiles
1.3.1 General

This whole multi-part deliverable allows many distinct types of equipment, several different antenna types and several

ways in which they might be interconnected to form a network. However, the applicability is limited to certain

combinations of attributes and these combinations of attributes are called "profiles". The following clauses address:

• Equipment profiles.
• Antenna profiles.
• System profiles.
1.3.2 Equipment profiles

This whole multi-part deliverable allows alternative consistent sets of recommendations and requirements, each for

identified equipment profiles, which are defined in terms of their Equipment Classification (EqC), which classify

equipments in terms of key characteristics. The profiles (or indeed any specific equipment) within the scope of this

whole multi-part deliverable may be classified as discussed in normative annex A of EN 302 326-1 [5]. Clause 6.1 of

EN 302 326-1 [5] defines the permitted equipment profiles in terms of the various fields of EqC.

1.3.3 Antenna profiles

According to their characteristics, multipoint systems use different types of antennas. Table 1 outlines the multipoint

antenna types described in the present document.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN 302 326-3 V1.1.2:2006
11 ETSI EN 302 326-3 V1.1.2 (2006-03)
Table 1: Antenna Types
Frequency Range Types Polarization Notes
1 GHz to 3 GHz Directional Linear The sectored and omnidirectional antennas
Sectored single beam may have a symmetric or asymmetric radiation
Omnidirectional pattern in the elevation plane.
3 GHz to 11 GHz Directional Linear The sectored single and omnidirectional
Sectored single beam antennas may have a symmetric or
Sectored multi beam asymmetric radiation pattern in the elevation
(up to 5,9 GHz only) plane. The sectored multi beam antennas
Omnidirectional have a symmetric radiation pattern only.
1 GHz to 11 GHz Directional Circular The sectored and omnidirectional antennas
Sectored single beam may have a symmetric or asymmetric radiation
Omnidirectional pattern in the elevation plane.
24,25 GHz to 30 GHz Directional Linear
Sectored single beam
30 GHz to 40,5 GHz Directional Linear The omnidirectional antennas may have a
Sectored single beam symmetric or asymmetric radiation pattern in
Omnidirectional the elevation plane.

The present document is applicable to multipoint radio system antennas of both linear (single or dual) polarization and

circular (single or dual) polarization. Linear polarization antennas may support either or both of two mutually

...

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