Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-13: Particular requirements for deep fat fryers, frying pans and similar appliances

IEC 60335-2-13:2009 deals with the safety of electric deep fat fryers having a recommended maximum quantity of oil not exceeding 5 l, frying pans, woks and other appliances in which oil is used for cooking, and intended for household use and similar use, their rated voltage being not more than 250 V. The principal changes in this edition as compared with the fifth edition of IEC 60335-2-13 are as follows:
- the scope is changed to cover household and similar use;
- additional instructions are added to reflect the content of the scope (7.12).
The attention of National Committees is drawn to the fact that equipment manufacturers and testing organizations may need a transitional period following publication of a new, amended or revised IEC publication in which to make products in accordance with the new requirements and to equip themselves for conducting new or revised tests. It is the recommendation of the committee that the content of this publication be adopted for implementation nationally not earlier than 12 months or later than 36 months from the date of publication. This bilingual version (2013-07) corresponds to the monolingual English version, published in 2009-12. Key words: Appliances, deep fat fryers, frying pans
This publication is to be read in conjunction with IEC 60335-1:2010.

Appareils électrodomestiques et analogues - Sécurité - Partie 2-13: Exigences particulières pour les friteuses, les poêles à frire et appareils analogues

La CEI 60335-2-13:2009 traite de la sécurité des friteuses ayant une quantité d'huile maximale recommandée ne dépassant pas 5 l, poêles à frire, woks et autres appareils électriques dans lesquels l'huile est utilisée pour la cuisson, destinés uniquement à des usages domestiques et analogues, et dont la tension assignée n'est pas supérieure à 250 V. Par rapport à la cinquième édition de la CEI 60335-2-13, les principales modifications indiquées ci-après ont été apportées dans la présente édition:
- modification du domaine d'application pour traiter des usages domestiques et analogues,
- ajout d'instructions supplémentaires pour refléter le contenu du domaine d'application (7.12).
L'attention des Comités Nationaux est attirée sur le fait que les fabricants d'appareils et les organismes d'essai peuvent avoir besoin d'une période transitoire après la publication d'une nouvelle publication CEI, ou d'une publication amendée ou révisée, pour fabriquer des produits conformes aux nouvelles exigences et pour adapter leurs équipements aux nouveaux essais ou aux essais révisés. Le comité recommande que le contenu de cette publication soit entériné au niveau national au plus tôt 12 mois et au plus tard 36 mois après la date de publication. La présente version bilingue (2013-07) correspond à la version anglaise monolingue publiée en 2009-12. Mots-clés : appareils, poêles à frire, friteuses
Cette publication doit être lue conjointement avec la CEI 60335-1:2010.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
13-Dec-2009
Current Stage
PPUB - Publication issued
Start Date
14-Dec-2009
Completion Date
14-Dec-2009
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IEC 60335-2-13
Edition 6.0 2009-12
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Household and similar electrical appliances – Safety –
Part 2-13: Particular requirements for deep fat fryers, frying pans and similar
appliances
Appareils électrodomestiques et analogues – Sécurité –
Partie 2-13: Exigences particulières pour les friteuses, les poêles à frire et
appareils analogues
IEC 60335-2-13:2009
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
THIS PUBLICATION IS COPYRIGHT PROTECTED
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---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
IEC 60335-2-13
Edition 6.0 2009-12
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Household and similar electrical appliances – Safety –
Part 2-13: Particular requirements for deep fat fryers, frying pans and similar
appliances
Appareils électrodomestiques et analogues – Sécurité –
Partie 2-13: Exigences particulières pour les friteuses, les poêles à frire et
appareils analogues
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
PRICE CODE
INTERNATIONALE
CODE PRIX P
ICS 13.120, 97.040.50 ISBN 978-2-8322-0908-0

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
– 2 – 60335-2-13  IEC:2009
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 3

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 6

1 Scope ............................................................................................................................... 7

2 Normative references ....................................................................................................... 7

3 Definitions ........................................................................................................................ 7

4 General requirement ......................................................................................................... 8

5 General conditions for the tests ........................................................................................ 8

6 Classification .................................................................................................................... 8

7 Marking and instructions ................................................................................................... 8

8 Protection against access to live parts .............................................................................. 9

9 Starting of motor-operated appliances .............................................................................. 9

10 Power input and current ................................................................................................... 9

11 Heating ............................................................................................................................ 9

12 Void................................................................................................................................ 10

13 Leakage current and electric strength at operating temperature ...................................... 10

14 Transient overvoltages ................................................................................................... 10

15 Moisture resistance ........................................................................................................ 10

16 Leakage current and electric strength ............................................................................. 11

17 Overload protection of transformers and associated circuits ........................................... 11

18 Endurance ...................................................................................................................... 11

19 Abnormal operation ........................................................................................................ 11

20 Stability and mechanical hazards ................................................................................... 12

21 Mechanical strength ....................................................................................................... 12

22 Construction ................................................................................................................... 12

23 Internal wiring ................................................................................................................. 12

24 Components ................................................................................................................... 12

25 Supply connection and external flexible cords ................................................................ 13

26 Terminals for external conductors ................................................................................... 13

27 Provision for earthing ..................................................................................................... 13

28 Screws and connections ................................................................................................. 13

29 Clearances, creepage distances and solid insulation ...................................................... 13

30 Resistance to heat and fire ............................................................................................. 13

31 Resistance to rusting ...................................................................................................... 14

32 Radiation, toxicity and similar hazards ............................................................................ 14

Annexes ............................................................................................................................... 15

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 16

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
60335-2-13  IEC:2009 – 3 –
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
_____________
HOUSEHOLD AND SIMILAR ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES –
SAFETY –
Part 2-13: Particular requirements for deep fat fryers,
frying pans and similar appliances
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,

Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC

Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested

in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-

governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely

with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by

agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

misinterpretation by any end user.

4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications

transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence

between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in

the latter.

5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformity

assessment services and, in some areas, access to IEC marks of conformity. IEC is not responsible for any

services carried out by independent certification bodies.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

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other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC

Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 60335-2-13 has been prepared by IEC technical committee 61:

Safety of household and similar electrical appliances.

This sixth edition cancels and replaces the fifth edition published in 2004 including its

Amendment 1 (2005) and Amendment 2 (2008). It constitutes a technical revision.

The principal changes in this edition as compared with the fifth edition of IEC 60335-2-13 are

as follows (minor changes are not listed):
– the scope is changed to cover household and similar use,
– additional instructions are added to reflect the content of the scope (7.12).
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
– 4 – 60335-2-13  IEC:2009

This bilingual version (2013-07) corresponds to the monolingual English version, published in

2009-12.
The text of this standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
61/3873/FDIS 61/3925/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this standard can be found in the report on

voting indicated in the above table.
The French version of this standard has not been voted upon.

This publication has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

This part 2 is to be used in conjunction with the latest edition of IEC 60335-1 and its

amendments. It was established on the basis of the fourth edition (2001) of that standard.

NOTE 1 When “Part 1” is mentioned in this standard, it refers to IEC 60335-1.

This part 2 supplements or modifies the corresponding clauses in IEC 60335-1, so as to

convert that publication into the IEC standard: Safety requirements for deep fat fryers, frying

pans and similar appliances.

When a particular subclause of Part 1 is not mentioned in this part 2, that subclause applies

as far as is reasonable. When this standard states "addition", "modification" or "replacement",

the relevant text in Part 1 is to be adapted accordingly.
NOTE 2 The following numbering system is used:

– subclauses, tables and figures that are numbered starting from 101 are additional to those in Part 1;

– unless notes are in a new subclause or involve notes in Part 1, they are numbered starting from 101, including

those in a replaced clause or subclause;
– additional annexes are lettered AA, BB, etc.
NOTE 3 The following print types are used:
– requirements: in roman type;
– test specifications: in italic type;
– notes: in small roman type.

Words in bold in the text are defined in Clause 3. When a definition concerns an adjective, the adjective and the

associated noun are also in bold.

The committee has decided that the contents of the base publication and its amendments will

remain unchanged until the maintenance result date indicated on the IEC web site under

"http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data related to the specific publication. At this date, the

publication will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.

NOTE 4 The attention of National Committees is drawn to the fact that equipment manufacturers and testing

organizations may need a transitional period following publication of a new, amended or revised IEC publication in

which to make products in accordance with the new requirements and to equip themselves for conducting new or

revised tests.

It is the recommendation of the committee that the content of this publication be adopted for implementation

nationally not earlier than 12 months or later than 36 months from the date of publication.

---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
60335-2-13  IEC:2009 – 5 –
The following differences exist in the countries indicated below.
– 3.1.9: Normal operation is different (USA).

– 7.1: Non-immersible appliances are required to be marked with a warning against immersion (Canada and

USA).

– 7.1: Appliances are required to be marked with the identity of the appropriate connector when it incorporates

a thermostat (Canada and USA).
– 11.2: Plywood 9,5 mm thick is used for the test corner (USA).

– 11.7: Appliances are operated until a specified quantity of food is cooked (USA).

– 11.8: The oil temperatures are higher (USA).
– 19.2: The test is different (USA).
– 19.13: The oil temperatures are higher (USA).
– 19.101: The test is not carried out (USA).
– 25.7: The types of cords are different (USA).
– 30.2: For frying pans, 30.2.3 applies (USA).
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
– 6 – 60335-2-13  IEC:2009
INTRODUCTION

It has been assumed in the drafting of this International Standard that the execution of its

provisions is entrusted to appropriately qualified and experienced persons.

This standard recognizes the internationally accepted level of protection against hazards such

as electrical, mechanical, thermal, fire and radiation of appliances when operated as in

normal use taking into account the manufacturer's instructions. It also covers abnormal

situations that can be expected in practice and takes into account the way in which

electromagnetic phenomena can affect the safe operation of appliances.

This standard takes into account the requirements of IEC 60364 as far as possible so that

there is compatibility with the wiring rules when the appliance is connected to the supply

mains. However, national wiring rules may differ.

If an appliance within the scope of this standard also incorporates functions that are covered

by another part 2 of IEC 60335, the relevant part 2 is applied to each function separately, as

far as is reasonable. If applicable, the influence of one function on the other is taken into

account.

When a part 2 standard does not include additional requirements to cover hazards dealt with

in Part 1, Part 1 applies.

NOTE 1 This means that the technical committees responsible for the part 2 standards have determined that it is

not necessary to specify particular requirements for the appliance in question over and above the general

requirements.

This standard is a product family standard dealing with the safety of appliances and takes

precedence over horizontal and generic standards covering the same subject.

NOTE 2 Horizontal and generic standards covering a hazard are not applicable since they have been taken into

consideration when developing the general and particular requirements for the IEC 60335 series of standards. For

example, in the case of temperature requirements for surfaces on many appliances, generic standards, such as

ISO 13732-1 for hot surfaces, are not applicable in addition to Part 1 or part 2 standards.

An appliance that complies with the text of this standard will not necessarily be considered to

comply with the safety principles of the standard if, when examined and tested, it is found to

have other features that impair the level of safety covered by these requirements.

An appliance employing materials or having forms of construction differing from those detailed

in the requirements of this standard may be examined and tested according to the intent of

the requirements and, if found to be substantially equivalent, may be considered to comply

with the standard.
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
60335-2-13  IEC:2009 – 7 –
HOUSEHOLD AND SIMILAR ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES –
SAFETY –
Part 2-13: Particular requirements for deep fat fryers,
frying pans and similar appliances
1 Scope
This clause of Part 1 is replaced by the following.

This International Standard deals with the safety of electric deep fat fryers having a

recommended maximum quantity of oil not exceeding 5 l, frying pans, woks and other

appliances in which oil is used for cooking, and intended for household use and similar use,

their rated voltage being not more than 250 V.

Appliances intended for normal household and similar use and that may also be used by

laymen in shops, in light industry and on farms are within the scope of this standard.

However, if the appliance is intended to be used professionally to process food for

commercial consumption, the appliance is not considered to be for household and similar use

only.

As far as is practicable, this standard deals with the common hazards presented by

appliances that are encountered by all persons in and around the home. However, in general,

it does not take into account
– persons (including children) whose
• physical, sensory or mental capabilities; or
• lack of experience and knowledge

prevents them from using the appliance safely without supervision or instruction;

– children playing with the appliance.
NOTE 101 Attention is drawn to the fact that

– for appliances intended to be used in vehicles or on board ships or aircraft, additional requirements may be

necessary;

– in many countries additional requirements are specified by the national health authorities, the national

authorities responsible for the protection of labour and similar authorities.
NOTE 102 This standard does not apply to
– deep fat fryers for commercial use (IEC 60335-2-37);
– commercial multi-purpose cooking pans (IEC 60335-2-39);

– appliances intended to be used in locations where special conditions prevail, such as the presence of a

corrosive or explosive atmosphere (dust, vapour or gas).
2 Normative references
This clause of Part 1 is applicable.
3 Definitions
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows.
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
– 8 – 60335-2-13  IEC:2009
3.1.9 Replacement:
normal operation
operation of the appliance under the following conditions:

Deep fat fryers are operated filled with sunflower oil to the minimum oil level marked on the

appliance.

Frying pans are operated filled with frying oil to a height of 10 mm above the highest point of

the heated surface until the temperature of the oil attains 250 °C at the centre of the heated

surface. The temperature of the oil is maintained at 250 °C ± 15 °C, or at the highest

temperature allowed by the thermostat if this is lower. If the appliance does not have a

thermostat, the temperature is maintained by switching the supply on and off.

Woks are filled with frying oil to a depth of 10 mm and operated as specified for frying pans.

4 General requirement
This clause of Part 1 is applicable.
5 General conditions for the tests
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows.
5.2 Addition:

NOTE 101 If the test of 15.101 has to be carried out, three additional samples are required.

5.101 Deep fat fryers that can also be used as frying pans are tested as deep fat fryers or as

frying pans, whichever is more unfavourable.

NOTE Deep fat fryers incorporating heating elements that do not project into the oil container, and are not marked

with the minimum oil level, are considered to be usable as frying pans.
6 Classification
This clause of Part 1 is applicable.
7 Marking and instructions
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows.
7.1 Addition:

Deep fat fryers shall be marked with the maximum oil level. They shall also be marked with

the minimum oil level, unless they can be used as frying pans.

Appliances intended to be partially immersed in water for cleaning shall be marked with the

maximum level of immersion and with the substance of the following:
Do not immerse beyond this level.
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
60335-2-13  IEC:2009 – 9 –
7.12 Addition:

The instructions for appliances incorporating an appliance inlet, and intended to be partially or

completely immersed in water for cleaning, shall state that the connector must be removed

before the appliance is cleaned and that the appliance inlet must be dried before the

appliance is used again.

The instructions for portable deep fat fryers and other appliances not intended to be immersed

in water for cleaning shall state that the appliance must not be immersed.

NOTE 101 Portable frying pans are considered to be appliances that are intended to be immersed in water for

cleaning.

The instructions for appliances intended to be used with a connector incorporating a

thermostat shall state that only the appropriate connector must be used.

The instructions shall include details on how to clean surfaces in contact with food or oil.

The instructions shall state that the appliance is not intended to be operated by means of an

external timer or a separate remote-control system.
The instructions shall include the substance of the following:

This appliance is intended to be used in household and similar applications such as:

– staff kitchen areas in shops, offices and other working environments;
– farm houses;
– by clients in hotels, motels and other residential type environments;
– bed and breakfast type environments.

NOTE 102 If the manufacturer wants to limit the use of the appliance to less than the above, this must be clearly

stated in the instructions.
8 Protection against access to live parts
This clause of Part 1 is applicable.
9 Starting of motor-operated appliances
This clause of Part 1 is not applicable.
10 Power input and current
This clause of Part 1 is applicable.
11 Heating
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows.
11.2 Modification:
Portable appliances are placed away from the walls of the test corner.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
– 10 – 60335-2-13  IEC:2009
11.3 Addition:

The temperature rise of the oil in deep fat fryers is determined by means of thermocouples

attached to disks of copper or brass, 15 mm in diameter and 1 mm thick.
11.7 Replacement:
Appliances are operated until steady conditions are established.
11.8 Addition:

The temperature of the oil in deep fat fryers and similar appliances is measured at least

10 mm from the wall of the container and 10 mm above the bottom. However, the temperature

is measured 10 mm above the highest point of heating elements if they are located in the

container. The temperature shall not exceed 225 °C, except that a temperature of 243 °C is

allowed for the first cycle of operation of the thermostat.

The temperature rise of parts of deep fat fryers likely to be contacted by spilt oil shall not

exceed 275 K.

When an appliance connector incorporates a thermostat, the temperature rise limit for the

pins of the inlet does not apply.
12 Void
13 Leakage current and electric strength at operating temperature
This clause of Part 1 is applicable.
14 Transient overvoltages
This clause of Part 1 is applicable.
15 Moisture resistance
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows.

15.101 Appliances intended to be partially or completely immersed in water for cleaning

shall have adequate protection against the effects of immersion.

Compliance is checked by the following tests, which are carried out on three additional

appliances.

The appliances are operated under normal operation at 1,15 times rated power input, until

the thermostat operates for the first time. Appliances without a thermostat are operated until

steady conditions are established. The appliances are disconnected from the supply, any

appliance connector being withdrawn. They are then completely immersed in water containing

approximately 1 % NaCl and having a temperature between 10 °C and 25 °C, unless they are

marked with the maximum level of immersion, in which case they are immersed 50 mm

deeper than this level.

After 1 h, the appliances are removed from the saline solution, dried and subjected to the

leakage current test of 16.2.
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
60335-2-13  IEC:2009 – 11 –

NOTE Care is to be taken to ensure that all moisture is removed from the insulation around the pins of appliance

inlets.

This test is carried out four more times, after which the appliances shall withstand

...

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