Adaptation to climate change — Requirements and guidance on adaptation planning for local governments and communities

This document specifies requirements and guidance on adaptation planning for local governments and communities. This document supports local governments and communities in adapting to climate change based on vulnerability, impacts and risk assessments. In working with relevant interested parties, it also supports the setting of priorities, and the development and subsequent updating of an adaptation plan.

Adaptation au changement climatique — Exigences et recommandations relatives à la planification de l'adaptation pour les autorités locales et les communautés

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
20-May-2020
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
24-Apr-2020
Completion Date
21-May-2020
Ref Project

Buy Standard

Technical specification
ISO/TS 14092:2020 - Adaptation to climate change -- Requirements and guidance on adaptation planning for local governments and communities
English language
41 pages
sale 15% off
Preview
sale 15% off
Preview
Technical specification
ISO/TS 14092:2020 - Adaptation to climate change -- Requirements and guidance on adaptation planning for local governments and communities
English language
41 pages
sale 15% off
Preview
sale 15% off
Preview

Standards Content (sample)

TECHNICAL ISO/TS
SPECIFICATION 14092
First edition
2020-05
Adaptation to climate change —
Requirements and guidance on
adaptation planning for local
governments and communities
Adaptation au changement climatique — Exigences et
recommandations relatives à la planification de l'adaptation pour les
autorités locales et les communautés
Reference number
ISO/TS 14092:2020(E)
ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/TS 14092:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/TS 14092:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 1 .................................................................................................................................................................

Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Principles ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.1 Accountability .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.2 Continual learning and improvement ................................................................................................................................. 5

4.3 Flexibility ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.4 Mainstreaming and embedding................................................................................................................................................ 5

4.5 Practicality .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

4.6 Prioritization ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

4.7 Proportionality ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

4.8 Relevance ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

4.9 Transparency ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

5 Pre-planning ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.2 Framing adaptation ............................................................................................................................................................................. 7

5.3 Roles, responsibilities and duties of the teams ........................................................................................................... 7

5.3.1 Core decision-making team .................................................................................................................................... 7

5.3.2 Facilitation team ...................................................................... ......................................................................................... 7

5.3.3 Interested parties ............................................................................................................................................................ 9

5.3.4 Agreement and approval ........................................................................................................................................... 9

6 Assessing climate change impacts including opportunities ................................................................................... 9

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.2 Identifying climate change.........................................................................................................................................................10

6.3 Assessing climat e change impacts ......................................................................................................................................11

6.4 Impact assessment methods ....................................................................................................................................................13

6.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................13

6.4.2 Risk assessment ...................................................................... .......................................................................................14

6.4.3 Vulnerability assessment .......................................................................................................................................14

6.4.4 Thresholds analysis ....................................................................................................................................................14

6.4.5 Defining areas and sectors where adaptation is needed............................................................15

6.5 Assessing adaptive capacity .....................................................................................................................................................15

6.6 Identifying opportunities ............................................................................................................................................................16

6.7 Identifying uncertainties .............................................................................................................................................................17

7 Formulating the adaptation plan .....................................................................................................................................................17

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................17

7.2 Planning considering the policy context ........................................................................................................................18

7.3 Identification of potential adaptation measures ....................................................................................................19

7.4 Assessment of adaptation measures .................................................................................................................................19

7.5 Decision-making .................................................................................................................................................................................20

7.5.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................20

7.5.2 Interested parties’ engagement .......................................................................................................................21

7.5.3 Selection of climate change adaptation measures ...........................................................................21

7.5.4 Short, medium and long lifespan decisions ...........................................................................................22

7.5.5 Documenting the decision ....................................................................................................................................22

7.6 Local adaptation plan .....................................................................................................................................................................23

7.6.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................23

7.6.2 Scope of the plan ...........................................................................................................................................................23

7.6.3 Boundaries of the system ......................................................................................................................................23

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/TS 14092:2020(E)

7.6.4 Formulation and presentation ..........................................................................................................................24

7.6.5 Implementation .............................................................................................................................................................25

7.6.6 Monitoring and evaluation ...................................................................................................................................25

7.6.7 Consultation on the draft adaptation plan .............................................................................................26

7.6.8 Confirmation and authorization ......................................................................................................................26

7.6.9 Publication and archive ...........................................................................................................................................26

8 Implementation ..................................................................................................................................................................................................26

8.1 Leadership and commitment ..................................................................................................................................................26

8.2 Preparation for implementation ...........................................................................................................................................27

8.3 Implementation plan ......................................................................................................................................................................27

9 Monitoring and evaluation......................................................................................................................................................................28

10 Reporting and communication ...........................................................................................................................................................28

Annex A (informative) Example tables of contents of local adaptation plans ........................................................30

Annex B (informative) Tools for local adaptation planning ......................................................................................................35

Annex C (informative) Indicators for monitoring and evaluation in local adaptation planning ........39

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................40

iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/TS 14092:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 207, Environmental management,

Subcommittee SC 7, Greenhouse gas management and related activities.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO/TS 14092:2020(E)
Introduction

Preparing for risks posed by climate change and planning for adaptation at local government

and community levels is essential for the safety and security of society, as well as for its economic,

environmental and social well-being. Changes in the climate are often reflected by floods, heatwaves,

droughts, coastal erosion and other impacts that have been identified across the globe, which pose

threats to life, property, economic well-being and to ecosystems. The UN Intergovernmental Panel

on Climate Change (IPCC) has projected that global warming from past anthropogenic emissions will

persist for centuries to millennia and will continue to cause further long-term changes in the climate

system such as sea level rise, with associated impacts.

This document presents guidance for local governments and communities on how to prepare for such

threats and the associated risks. The document recognizes that the impacts posed by climate change

vary widely from region to region, and directly affect communities’ well-being and local governments

including the public services they offer, as well as the safety and security of individuals within their

jurisdiction. It is the responsibility of local governments and communities to provide leadership in

planning and preparing to manage these risks.

This document also describes how to develop an adaptation plan at the local government and community

levels. The planning process details why and how to establish an appropriate (well-structured and

collaborative) governance structure and the elements of the adaptation planning and implementation

processes. These details include establishing a facilitation team, assessing risks and developing an

effective plan, monitoring the progress of adaptation implementation and evaluating its achievement

with the aim of improving the plan. The step-by-step process presented enables tailoring of the local

adaptation plan to suit the climate, environmental and societal conditions in each case. Following

this document will lead to developing a robust, effective adaptation plan that can be implemented,

promoting appropriate climate action today and in the future.

It is important to note that the climate is changing, and planning and implementing adaptation is a

continual learning and improvement process that requires sustained attention and action. This

document will help local governments and communities in taking initial action to create a safe, socially

and economically secure and sustainable society that is resilient to current and future impacts of

climate change.
vi © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO/TS 14092:2020(E)
NOTE The graph is designed to be interpreted clockwise.
Figure 1 — Logical framework of this document
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved vii
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION ISO/TS 14092:2020(E)
Adaptation to climate change — Requirements and
guidance on adaptation planning for local governments
and communities
1 Scope

This document specifies requirements and guidance on adaptation planning for local governments and

communities.

This document supports local governments and communities in adapting to climate change based

on vulnerability, impacts and risk assessments. In working with relevant interested parties, it also

supports the setting of priorities, and the development and subsequent updating of an adaptation plan.

2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www. iso. org/o bp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www.e lectropedia. org/
3.1
adaptation to climate change
climate change adaptation
process of adjustment to actual or expected climate (3.3) and its effects

Note 1 to entry: In human systems, adaptation seeks to moderate or avoid harm or exploit beneficial opportunities.

Note 2 to entry: In some natural systems, human intervention can facilitate adjustment to expected climate and

its effects.
[SOURCE: ISO 14090:2019, 3.1]
3.2
adaptive capacity

ability of systems, institutions, humans, and other organisms to adjust to potential damage, to take

advantage of opportunities, or to respond to consequences

Note 1 to entry: Coping capacity is defined as the ability of people, organizations (3.17), and systems, using

available skills, resources, and opportunities, to address, manage, and overcome adverse conditions.

[SOURCE: ISO 14090:2019, 3.2, modified — Note 1 to entry has been added.]
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO/TS 14092:2020(E)
3.3
climate

statistical description of weather in terms of the mean and variability of relevant quantities over a

period of time ranging from months to thousands or millions of years

Note 1 to entry: The classical period for averaging these variables is 30 years, as defined by the World

Meteorological Organization.

Note 2 to entry: The relevant quantities are most often near-surface variables such as temperature, precipitation,

and wind.
[SOURCE: ISO 14090:2019, 3.4]
3.4
climate change

change in climate (3.3) that persists for an extended period, typically decades or longer

Note 1 to entry: Climate change can be identified by such means as statistical tests (e.g. on changes in the mean,

variability).

Note 2 to entry: Climate change might be due to natural processes, internal to the climate system, or external

forcings such as modulations of the solar cycles, volcanic eruptions, and persistent anthropogenic changes in the

composition of the atmosphere or in land use.
[SOURCE: ISO 14090:2019, 3.5]
3.5
climate projection

simulated response of the climate (3.3) system to a scenario of future emission or concentration of

greenhouse gases and aerosols, generally derived using climate models

Note 1 to entry: Climate projections are distinguished from climate predictions in order to emphasize that

climate projections depend upon the emission/concentration/radiative forcing scenario used, which are based

on assumptions concerning, for example, future socioeconomic and technological developments that may or may

not be realized.
[SOURCE: Adapted from IPCC, 2014]
3.6
climate scenario

plausible and often simplified representation of the future climate (3.3), based on an internally

consistent set of climatological relationships that has been constructed for explicit use in investigating

the potential consequences of anthropogenic climate change (3.4)
Note 1 to entry: Climate scenario often serves as input to impact (3.10) models.
[SOURCE: Adapted from IPCC, 2014]
3.7
community

group of people with an arrangement of responsibilities, activities, relationships and with common

interests in impacts (3.10) of climate change (3.4)

Note 1 to entry: A community can also be an organization (3.17) or institute (i.e. hospital, school, volunteer

group, etc.) comprised of a group of people living or working in the same place or having a particular

characteristic in common.
2 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO/TS 14092:2020(E)
3.8
exposure

presence of people, livelihoods, species or ecosystems, environmental functions, services, and

resources, infrastructure, or economic, social or cultural assets in places and settings that could be

affected

Note 1 to entry: Exposure can change over time, for example as a result of urban development and land use change.

[SOURCE: ISO 14090:2019, 3.6, modified — Note 1 to entry has been modified.]
3.9
hazard
potential source of harm

Note 1 to entry: The potential for harm can be in terms of loss of life, injury or other health impacts (3.10), as well

as damage and loss to property, infrastructure, livelihoods, service provision, ecosystems and environmental

resources.

Note 2 to entry: In this document, the term usually refers to climate-related physical events or trends or their

physical impacts.

Note 3 to entry: Hazard comprises slow-onset developments (e.g. rising temperatures over the long term) as well

as rapidly developing climatic extremes (e.g. a heatwave or a landslide) or increased variability.

[SOURCE: ISO 14090:2019, 3.7]
3.10
impact
effect on natural and human systems

Note 1 to entry: In the context of climate change (3.4), the term “impact” is used primarily to refer to the effects on

natural and human systems of extreme weather and climate events and of climate change. Impacts generally refer

to effects on lives, livelihoods, health, ecosystems, economies, societies, cultures, services and infrastructure

due to the interaction of climate change or hazardous (3.9) climate events occurring within a specific time period

and the vulnerability (3.21) of an exposed society or system. Impacts are also referred to as consequences and

outcomes. The impacts of climate change on geophysical systems, including floods, droughts and sea level rise,

are a subset of impacts called “physical impacts”.
[SOURCE: ISO 14090:2019, 3.8]
3.11
incremental change
small adjustments made towards a targeted result
3.12
indicator

quantitative, qualitative or binary variable that can be measured or described, in response to a defined

criterion
[SOURCE: ISO 13065:2015, 3.27]
3.13
interested party

person or organization (3.17) that can affect, be affected by, or perceive itself to be affected by a decision

or activity

EXAMPLE Communities (3.7), citizens, suppliers, customers, regulators, non-governmental organizations,

investors, employees and academia.

Note 1 to entry: To “perceive itself to be affected” means the perception has been made known to the organization.

[SOURCE: ISO 14001:2015, 3.1.6, modified — Example has been modified.]
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO/TS 14092:2020(E)
3.14
local adaptation plan

action plan identifying and addressing the impacts (3.10) of climate change (3.4) in the area of

responsibility of a local government (3.15) or community (3.7)

Note 1 to entry: Such plan of action may contain priorities and planned activities for identifying and addressing

the impacts of climate change, including those associated with climate variability and extremes. It may include a

mix of policies, projects, programmes and measures, which are updated periodically.

3.15
local government

administration of a specific local area constituting a subdivision of a major political unit (such as a

nation or state), and the services they provide (i.e. state, prefecture, province, county, district, city,

town, etc.)
3.16
national adaptation plan

national document containing adaptation priorities and planned activities (policies, projects and

programmes) including an implementation strategy for a given period (e.g. 3 to 5 years)

Note 1 to entry: The main output of the process to formulate and implement national adaptation plans (NAPs)

established under the UNFCCC in 2010 as a means to enable Parties to identify medium- and long-term adaptation

needs and develop and implement strategies and programmes to address those needs.

[SOURCE: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 2017]
3.17
organization

person or group of people that has its own functions with responsibilities, authorities and relationships

to achieve its objectives

Note 1 to entry: The concept of organization includes, but is not limited to sole-trader, company, corporation, firm,

enterprise, authority, partnership, charity or institution, or part or combination thereof, whether incorporated

or not, public or private.
[SOURCE: ISO 14001:2015, 3.1.4]
3.18
risk
effect of uncertainty

Note 1 to entry: An effect is a deviation from the expected. It can be positive, negative or both. An effect can

arise as a result of a response, or failure to respond, to an opportunity or to a threat related to achieving defined

objectives.

Note 2 to entry: Uncertainty is the state, even partial, of deficiency of information related to, understanding or

knowledge of an event, its consequence, or likelihood.

Note 3 to entry: Risk is often characterized by reference to potential “events” (as defined in ISO Guide 73:2009,

3.5.1.3) and “consequences” (as defined in ISO Guide 73:2009, 3.6.1.3), or a combination of these.

Note 4 to entry: Risk is often expressed in terms of a combination of the consequences of an event (including

changes in circumstances) and the associated “likelihood” (as defined in ISO Guide 73:2009, 3.6.1.1) of occurrence.

[SOURCE: ISO 14001:2015, 3.2.10, modified — Note 1 to entry has been modified.]
4 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
ISO/TS 14092:2020(E)
3.19
sensitivity

degree to which a system or species is affected, either adversely or beneficially, by climate (3.3)

variability or climate change (3.4)

Note 1 to entry: The effect may be direct (e.g. a change in the health and functioning of green infrastructure in

response to a change in the mean, range or variability of temperature) or indirect (e.g. damages caused by an

increase in the frequency of coastal flooding due to sea level rise).
[SOURCE: Adapted from IPCC, 2014]
3.20
transformation
change in the fundamental attributes of natural and hu
...

TECHNICAL ISO/TS
SPECIFICATION 14092
First edition
Adaptation to climate change —
Requirements and guidance on
adaptation planning for local
governments and communities
PROOF/ÉPREUVE
Reference number
ISO/TS 14092:2020(E)
ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/TS 14092:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/TS 14092:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Principles ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.1 Accountability .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.2 Continual learning and improvement ................................................................................................................................. 5

4.3 Flexibility ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.4 Mainstreaming and embedding................................................................................................................................................ 5

4.5 Practicality .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

4.6 Prioritization ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

4.7 Proportionality ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

4.8 Relevance ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

4.9 Transparency ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

5 Pre-planning ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.2 Framing adaptation ............................................................................................................................................................................. 7

5.3 Roles, responsibilities and duties of the teams ........................................................................................................... 7

5.3.1 Core decision-making team .................................................................................................................................... 7

5.3.2 Facilitation team ...................................................................... ......................................................................................... 7

5.3.3 Interested parties ............................................................................................................................................................ 9

5.3.4 Agreement and approval ........................................................................................................................................... 9

6 Assessing climate change impacts including opportunities ................................................................................... 9

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.2 Identifying climate change.........................................................................................................................................................10

6.3 Assessing climat e change impacts ......................................................................................................................................11

6.4 Impact assessment methods ....................................................................................................................................................13

6.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................13

6.4.2 Risk assessment ...................................................................... .......................................................................................14

6.4.3 Vulnerability assessment .......................................................................................................................................14

6.4.4 Thresholds analysis ....................................................................................................................................................14

6.4.5 Defining areas and sectors where adaptation is needed............................................................15

6.5 Assessing adaptive capacity .....................................................................................................................................................15

6.6 Identifying opportunities ............................................................................................................................................................16

6.7 Identifying uncertainties .............................................................................................................................................................17

7 Formulating the adaptation plan .....................................................................................................................................................17

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................17

7.2 Planning considering the policy context ........................................................................................................................18

7.3 Identification of potential adaptation measures ....................................................................................................19

7.4 Assessment of adaptation measures .................................................................................................................................19

7.5 Decision-making .................................................................................................................................................................................20

7.5.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................20

7.5.2 Interested parties’ engagement .......................................................................................................................21

7.5.3 Selection of climate change adaptation measures ...........................................................................21

7.5.4 Short, medium and long lifespan decisions ...........................................................................................22

7.5.5 Documenting the decision ....................................................................................................................................22

7.6 Local adaptation plan .....................................................................................................................................................................23

7.6.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................23

7.6.2 Scope of the plan ...........................................................................................................................................................23

7.6.3 Boundaries of the system ......................................................................................................................................23

7.6.4 Formulation and presentation ..........................................................................................................................24

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/TS 14092:2020(E)

7.6.5 Implementation .............................................................................................................................................................25

7.6.6 Monitoring and evaluation ...................................................................................................................................25

7.6.7 Consultation on the draft adaptation plan .............................................................................................26

7.6.8 Confirmation and authorization ......................................................................................................................26

7.6.9 Publication and archive ...........................................................................................................................................26

8 Implementation ..................................................................................................................................................................................................26

8.1 Leadership and commitment ..................................................................................................................................................26

8.2 Preparation for implementation ...........................................................................................................................................27

8.3 Implementation plan ......................................................................................................................................................................27

9 Monitoring and evaluation......................................................................................................................................................................28

10 Reporting and communication ...........................................................................................................................................................28

Annex A (informative) Example tables of contents of local adaptation plans ........................................................30

Annex B (informative) Tools for local adaptation planning ......................................................................................................35

Annex C (informative) Indicators for monitoring and evaluation in local adaptation planning ........39

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................40

iv PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/TS 14092:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 207, Environmental management,

Subcommittee SC 7, Greenhouse gas management and related activities.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO/TS 14092:2020(E)
Introduction

Preparing for risks posed by climate change and planning for adaptation at local government

and community levels is essential for the safety and security of society, as well as for its economic,

environmental and social well-being. Changes in the climate are often reflected by floods, heatwaves,

droughts, coastal erosion and other impacts that have been identified across the globe, which pose

threats to life, property, economic well-being and to ecosystems. The UN Intergovernmental Panel

on Climate Change (IPCC) has projected that global warming from past anthropogenic emissions will

persist for centuries to millennia and will continue to cause further long-term changes in the climate

system such as sea level rise, with associated impacts.

This document presents guidance for local governments and communities on how to prepare for such

threats and the associated risks. The document recognizes that the impacts posed by climate change

vary widely from region to region, and directly affect communities’ well-being and local governments

including the public services they offer, as well as the safety and security of individuals within their

jurisdiction. It is the responsibility of local governments and communities to provide leadership in

planning and preparing to manage these risks.

This document also describes how to develop an adaptation plan at the local government and community

levels. The planning process details why and how to establish an appropriate (well-structured and

collaborative) governance structure and the elements of the adaptation planning and implementation

processes. These details include establishing a facilitation team, assessing risks and developing an

effective plan, monitoring the progress of adaptation implementation and evaluating its achievement

with the aim of improving the plan. The step-by-step process presented enables tailoring of the local

adaptation plan to suit the climate, environmental and societal conditions in each case. Following

this document will lead to developing a robust, effective adaptation plan that can be implemented,

promoting appropriate climate action today and in the future.

It is important to note that the climate is changing, and planning and implementing adaptation is a

continual learning and improvement process that requires sustained attention and action. This

document will help local governments and communities in taking initial action to create a safe, socially

and economically secure and sustainable society that is resilient to current and future impacts of

climate change.
vi PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO/TS 14092:2020(E)
NOTE The graph is designed to be interpreted clockwise.
Figure 1 — Logical framework of this document
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE vii
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION ISO/TS 14092:2020(E)
Adaptation to climate change — Requirements and
guidance on adaptation planning for local governments
and communities
1 Scope

This document specifies requirements and guidance on adaptation planning for local governments and

communities.

This document supports local governments and communities in adapting to climate change based

on vulnerability, impacts and risk assessments. In working with relevant interested parties, it also

supports the setting of priorities, and the development and subsequent updating of an adaptation plan.

2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
adaptation to climate change
climate change adaptation
process of adjustment to actual or expected climate (3.3) and its effects

Note 1 to entry: In human systems, adaptation seeks to moderate or avoid harm or exploit beneficial opportunities.

Note 2 to entry: In some natural systems, human intervention can facilitate adjustment to expected climate and

its effects.
[SOURCE: ISO 14090:2019, 3.1]
3.2
adaptive capacity

ability of systems, institutions, humans, and other organisms to adjust to potential damage, to take

advantage of opportunities, or to respond to consequences

Note 1 to entry: Coping capacity is defined as the ability of people, organizations (3.17), and systems, using

available skills, resources, and opportunities, to address, manage, and overcome adverse conditions.

[SOURCE: ISO 14090:2019, 3.2, modified — Note 1 to entry has been added.]
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE 1
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO/TS 14092:2020(E)
3.3
climate

statistical description of weather in terms of the mean and variability of relevant quantities over a

period of time ranging from months to thousands or millions of years

Note 1 to entry: The classical period for averaging these variables is 30 years, as defined by the World

Meteorological Organization.

Note 2 to entry: The relevant quantities are most often near-surface variables such as temperature, precipitation,

and wind.
[SOURCE: ISO 14090:2019, 3.4]
3.4
climate change

change in climate (3.3) that persists for an extended period, typically decades or longer

Note 1 to entry: Climate change can be identified by such means as statistical tests (e.g. on changes in the mean,

variability).

Note 2 to entry: Climate change might be due to natural processes, internal to the climate system, or external

forcings such as modulations of the solar cycles, volcanic eruptions, and persistent anthropogenic changes in the

composition of the atmosphere or in land use.
[SOURCE: ISO 14090:2019, 3.5]
3.5
climate projection

simulated response of the climate (3.3) system to a scenario of future emission or concentration of

greenhouse gases and aerosols, generally derived using climate models

Note 1 to entry: Climate projections are distinguished from climate predictions in order to emphasize that

climate projections depend upon the emission/concentration/radiative forcing scenario used, which are based

on assumptions concerning, for example, future socioeconomic and technological developments that may or may

not be realized.
[SOURCE: Adapted from IPCC, 2014]
3.6
climate scenario

plausible and often simplified representation of the future climate (3.3), based on an internally

consistent set of climatological relationships that has been constructed for explicit use in investigating

the potential consequences of anthropogenic climate change (3.4)
Note 1 to entry: Climate scenario often serves as input to impact (3.10) models.
[SOURCE: Adapted from IPCC, 2014]
3.7
community

group of people with an arrangement of responsibilities, activities, relationships and with common

interests in impacts (3.10) of climate change (3.4)

Note 1 to entry: A community can also be an organization (3.17) or institute (i.e. hospital, school, volunteer

group, etc.) comprised of a group of people living or working in the same place or having a particular

characteristic in common.
2 PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO/TS 14092:2020(E)
3.8
exposure

presence of people, livelihoods, species or ecosystems, environmental functions, services, and

resources, infrastructure, or economic, social or cultural assets in places and settings that could be

affected

Note 1 to entry: Exposure can change over time, for example as a result of urban development and land use change.

[SOURCE: ISO 14090:2019, 3.6, modified — Note 1 to entry has been modified.]
3.9
hazard
potential source of harm

Note 1 to entry: The potential for harm can be in terms of loss of life, injury or other health impacts (3.10), as well

as damage and loss to property, infrastructure, livelihoods, service provision, ecosystems and environmental

resources.

Note 2 to entry: In this document, the term usually refers to climate-related physical events or trends or their

physical impacts.

Note 3 to entry: Hazard comprises slow-onset developments (e.g. rising temperatures over the long term) as well

as rapidly developing climatic extremes (e.g. a heatwave or a landslide) or increased variability.

[SOURCE: ISO 14090:2019, 3.7]
3.10
impact
effect on natural and human systems

Note 1 to entry: In the context of climate change (3.4), the term “impact” is used primarily to refer to the effects on

natural and human systems of extreme weather and climate events and of climate change. Impacts generally refer

to effects on lives, livelihoods, health, ecosystems, economies, societies, cultures, services and infrastructure

due to the interaction of climate change or hazardous (3.9) climate events occurring within a specific time period

and the vulnerability (3.21) of an exposed society or system. Impacts are also referred to as consequences and

outcomes. The impacts of climate change on geophysical systems, including floods, droughts and sea level rise,

are a subset of impacts called “physical impacts”.
[SOURCE: ISO 14090:2019, 3.8]
3.11
incremental change
small adjustments made towards a targeted result
3.12
indicator

quantitative, qualitative or binary variable that can be measured or described, in response to a defined

criterion
[SOURCE: ISO 13065:2015, 3.27]
3.13
interested party

person or organization (3.17) that can affect, be affected by, or perceive itself to be affected by a decision

or activity

EXAMPLE Communities (3.7), citizens, suppliers, customers, regulators, non-governmental organizations,

investors, employees and academia.

Note 1 to entry: To “perceive itself to be affected” means the perception has been made known to the organization.

[SOURCE: ISO 14001:2015, 3.1.6, modified — Example has been modified.]
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE 3
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO/TS 14092:2020(E)
3.14
local adaptation plan

action plan identifying and addressing the impacts (3.10) of climate change (3.4) in the area of

responsibility of a local government (3.15) or community (3.7)

Note 1 to entry: Such plan of action may contain priorities and planned activities for identifying and addressing

the impacts of climate change, including those associated with climate variability and extremes. It may include a

mix of policies, projects, programmes and measures, which are updated periodically.

3.15
local government

administration of a specific local area constituting a subdivision of a major political unit (such as a

nation or state), and the services they provide (i.e. state, prefecture, province, county, district, city,

town, etc.)
3.16
national adaptation plan

national document containing adaptation priorities and planned activities (policies, projects and

programmes) including an implementation strategy for a given period (e.g. 3 to 5 years)

Note 1 to entry: The main output of the process to formulate and implement national adaptation plans (NAPs)

established under the UNFCCC in 2010 as a means to enable Parties to identify medium- and long-term adaptation

needs and develop and implement strategies and programmes to address those needs.

[SOURCE: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 2017]
3.17
organization

person or group of people that has its own functions with responsibilities, authorities and relationships

to achieve its objectives

Note 1 to entry: The concept of organization includes, but is not limited to sole-trader, company, corporation, firm,

enterprise, authority, partnership, charity or institution, or part or combination thereof, whether incorporated

or not, public or private.
[SOURCE: ISO 14001:2015, 3.1.4]
3.18
risk
effect of uncertainty

Note 1 to entry: An effect is a deviation from the expected. It can be positive, negative or both. An effect can

arise as a result of a response, or failure to respond, to an opportunity or to a threat related to achieving defined

objectives.

Note 2 to entry: Uncertainty is the state, even partial, of deficiency of information related to, understanding or

knowledge of an event, its consequence, or likelihood.

Note 3 to entry: Risk is often characterized by reference to potential “events” (as defined in ISO Guide 73:2009,

3.5.1.3) and “consequences” (as defined in ISO Guide 73:2009, 3.6.1.3), or a combination of these.

Note 4 to entry: Risk is often expressed in terms of a combination of the consequences of an event (including

changes in circumstances) and the associated “likelihood” (as defined in ISO Guide 73:2009, 3.6.1.1) of occurrence.

[SOURCE: ISO 14001:2015, 3.2.10, modified — Note 1 to entry has been modified.]
4 PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
ISO/TS 14092:2020(E)
3.19
sensitivity

degree to which a system or species is affected, either adversely or beneficially, by climate (3.3)

variability or climate change (3.4)

Note 1 to entry: The effect may be direct (e.g. a change in the health and functioning of green infrastructure in

response to a change in the mean, range or variability of temperature) or indirect (e.g. damages caused by an

increase in the frequency of coastal flooding due to sea level rise).
[SOURCE: Adapted from IPCC, 2014]
3.20
transformation
change in the fundamental attributes of natural and human systems
[SOURCE: ISO 14090:2019, 3.14]
3.21
vulnerability
propensity or predisposition to be adversely affected
Note 1 to entry: Vulnerability encompasses a variety of concepts and eleme
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.