ISO 27914:2017
a) establishes requirements and recommendations for the geological storage of CO2 streams, the purpose of which is to promote commercial, safe, long-term containment of carbon dioxide in a way that minimizes risk to the environment, natural resources, and human health,
b) is applicable for both onshore and offshore geological storage within permeable and porous geological strata including hydrocarbon reservoirs where a CO2 stream is not being injected for the purpose of hydrocarbon production or for storage in association with CO2-EOR,
c) includes activities associated with site screening and selection, characterization, design and development, operation of storage sites, and preparation for site closure,
d) recognizes that site selection and management are unique for each project and that intrinsic technical risk and uncertainty will be dealt with on a site-specific basis,
e) acknowledges that permitting and approval by regulatory authorities will be required throughout the project life cycle, including the closure period, although the permitting process is not included in ISO 27914:2017,
f) provides requirements and recommendations for the development of management systems, community and other stakeholder engagement, risk assessment, risk management and risk communication,
g) does not apply to, modify, interpret, or supersede any national or international regulations, treaties, protocols or instruments otherwise applicable to the activities addressed in ISO 27914:2017, and
h) does not apply to or modify any property rights or interests in the surface or the subsurface (including mineral rights), or any pre-existing commercial contract or arrangement relating to such property.
The life cycle of a CO2 geological storage project covers all aspects, periods, and stages of the project, from those that lead to the start of the project (including site screening, selection, characterization, assessment, engineering, permitting, and construction), through the start of injection and proceeding through subsequent operations until cessation of injection and culminating in the post-injection period, which includes a closure period. Figure 1 illustrates the limits of ISO 27914:2017.

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This document specifies principles and requirements for bodies performing validation and verification
of environmental information statements.
Any programme requirements related to bodies are additional to the requirements of this document.
This document is a sector application of ISO/IEC 17029:2019, which contains general principles
and requirements for the competence, consistent operation and impartiality of bodies performing
validation/verification as conformity assessment activities.
This document includes sector-specific requirements in addition to the requirements of
ISO/IEC 17029:2019.

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This document specifies a laboratory test method for determining the degree and rate of the aerobic biodegradation level of plastic materials. Biodegradation of plastic materials is determined by measuring the oxygen demand in a closed respirometer when exposed to seawater sampled from coastal areas under laboratory conditions.
The conditions described in this document might not always correspond to the optimum conditions for the maximum degree of biodegradation, however this test method is designed to give an indication of the potential biodegradability of plastic materials.
NOTE This document addresses plastic materials but can also be used for other materials.

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This document specifies the general principles and the system boundaries for the carbon and environmental footprint of biobased plastic products. It is an introduction and a guidance document to the other parts of the ISO 22526 series.
This document is applicable to plastic products and plastic materials, polymer resins, which are based from biobased or fossil-based constituents.

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This document specifies test methods for the determination of the degree of disintegration of plastic materials exposed to marine habitats under real field conditions.
The marine areas under investigation are the sandy sublittoral and the sandy eulittoral zone where plastic materials can either be placed intentionally (e.g. biodegradable fishing nets) or end up as litter due to irresponsible human behaviour. This depends on their physical characteristics, form and size of the materials, and on water currents and tidal movements.
This document specifies the general requirements of the apparatus, and the procedures for using the test methods described.
The determination of the level of disintegration of plastic materials exposed to pelagic zones such as the sea surface or the water column above the seafloor are not within the scope of this document.
This document is not suitable for the assessment of disintegration caused by heat or light exposure.
The described field test is a disintegration test and not a biodegradation test. Therefore, it cannot be used for demonstrating biodegradation or for making unqualified claims such as "biodegradable in marine environment" and similar.

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This document defines the material carbon footprint as the amount (mass) of CO2 removed from the air and incorporated into plastic, and specifies a determination method to quantify it.
This document is applicable to plastic products, plastic materials and polymer resins that are partly or wholly based on biobased constituents.

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This document specifies a laboratory test method to determine the degree and rate of aerobic biodegradation level of plastic materials. This test method can also be applied to other materials.
Biodegradation is determined by measuring the CO2 evolved by the plastic material when exposed to marine sediments sampled from a sandy tidal zone and kept wet with salt-water under laboratory conditions.
This test method is a simulation under laboratory conditions of the habitat found in sandy tidal zone that, in marine science, is called eulittoral zone.
The conditions described in this document might not always correspond to the optimum conditions for the maximum degree of biodegradation to occur.
Deviations from the test conditions described in this document are justified in the test report.

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This document specifies a laboratory test method for determining the degree and rate of the aerobic biodegradation level of plastic materials. Biodegradation is determined by measuring the CO2 evolved from plastic materials when exposed to seawater sampled from coastal areas under laboratory conditions.
The conditions described in this document might not always correspond to the optimum conditions for the maximum degree of biodegradation, however this test method is designed to give an indication of the potential biodegradability of plastic materials.
NOTE This document addresses plastic materials but can also be used for other materials.

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This document specifies requirements and guidelines for the quantification and reporting of the process carbon footprint of biobased plastics (see ISO 22526-1), being a partial carbon footprint of a bioplastic product, based on ISO 14067 and consistent with International Standards on life cycle assessment (ISO 14040 and ISO 14044).
This document is applicable to process carbon footprint studies (P-CFP) of plastic materials, being a partial carbon footprint of a product, whether or not the results are intended to be publicly available.
Requirements and guidelines for the quantification of a partial carbon footprint of a product (partial CFP) are provided in this document. The process carbon footprint study is carried out according to ISO 14067 as a partial carbon footprint, using the specific conditions and requirements specified in this document.
Where the results of a P-CFP study are reported according to this document, procedures are provided to support transparency and credibility, and also to allow for informed choices.
Offsetting is outside of the scope of this document.

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This document specifies test methods and criteria for showing intrinsic biodegradability in marine environments of virgin plastic materials and polymers without any preliminary environmental exposure or pre-treatment.
Test methods applied in this document are carried out at temperatures in the mesophilic range under aerobic conditions and are aimed to show ultimate biodegradability, i.e. conversion into carbon dioxide, water and biomass.
This document neither assesses the constituents, such as regulated metals or substances hazardous to the environment, nor potential ecotoxic effects but intrinsic biodegradability only. These aspects will be considered in a separate standard covering the overall environmental impact of products intentionally or accidentally released in the marine environment.
This document does not cover the performance of products made from biodegradable plastic materials and biodegradable polymers. Lifetime and biodegradation rates in the sea of products made with biodegradable plastic materials are generally affected by the specific environmental conditions and by thickness and shape.
Although results might indicate that the tested plastic materials and polymers biodegrade under the specified test conditions at a certain rate, the results of any laboratory exposure cannot be directly extrapolated to marine environments at the actual site of use or leakage.
This document is not applicable for "marine biodegradable" claims of biodegradable plastic materials. For such purpose, see relevant product standards, if available.
The testing scheme specified in this document does not provide sufficient information for determining the specific biodegradation rate (i.e. the rate per available surface area) of the material under testing. For such purpose, see relevant standards about specific biodegradation rate, if available.

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This document provides definitions, guidelines and supporting information for evaluating and reporting (with respect to the basic design items ongoing, and the operational results of a reference plant or unit as feedback) to ensure the (designed) performance of a PCC plant integrated with a host power plant. The PCC plant separates CO2 from the power plant flue gas in preparation for subsequent transportation and geological storage. The physical system being addressed is a single power plant, with an optional auxiliary unit to provide thermal energy required for the PCC plant, and a single PCC plant as described in ISOÂ 27919-1. The formulas and methods to assure and maintain reliable performance, presented in this document, describe issues addressed during the design and construction phases and practices that document reliability and availability during routine operation. These practices would also guide ongoing maintenance programmes. This document does not provide guidelines for benchmark, comparison or assessment studies for PCC plant operations using different capture technologies (i.e. absorbents), nor does it specify appropriate operating conditions such as temperature etc.

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This document provides guidelines for performance evaluation methods of water reclamation systems using membrane technologies. This document provides guidance in ensuring treated wastewater quality levels at the point of exit from the membrane filtration processes. It also provides potential methods for evaluating the environmental and economic performance of membrane filtration processes in water reuse. This document helps plant designers, operators and end users to effectively design and operate the membrane-based water reclamation systems.

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This document provides a performance evaluation method of treatment technology using advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) for water reuse treatment. It introduces a system of evaluating water quality to validate AOP performance through typical parameters such as the concentration of hydroxyl radicals.

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This document provides guidelines on methods for evaluating the performance of ion exchange and electrodialysis for water reuse including ion exchange resin and ion exchange membrane.

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This document specifies principles and requirements for the determination of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from sector-specific sources such as from steel and iron, cement, aluminium, lime and ferroalloy-producing industries. This document specifies definitions and requirements valid to the sector-specific parts of ISOÂ 19694 series. It provides common methodological issues and defines the details for applying the requirements for the harmonized methods, which include: measuring, testing and quantifying methods for GHG emissions of the above-mentioned sector-specific sources in the cited standards; assessing the level of GHG emissions performance of production processes over time at production sites; establishing and providing reliable, accurate and quality information for reporting and verification purposes. The application of this document to the other sector-specific standards in the ISO 19694 series ensures accuracy, precision and reproducibility of the obtained results. For this reason, it is a generic standard.

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This document provides guidelines for performance evaluation methods of UV disinfection for full scale water reuse systems. It deals with the methods of measurement of typical parameters which indicate performance of UV disinfection systems.

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This document gives guidelines for assessing the risks related to the potential impacts of climate
change. It describes how to understand vulnerability and how to develop and implement a sound risk
assessment in the context of climate change. It can be used for assessing both present and future climate
change risks.
Risk assessment according to this document provides a basis for climate change adaptation planning,
implementation, and monitoring and evaluation for any organization, regardless of size, type and nature.

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This document gives guidelines for assessing the risks related to the potential impacts of climate change. It describes how to understand vulnerability and how to develop and implement a sound risk assessment in the context of climate change. It can be used for assessing both present and future climate change risks. Risk assessment according to this document provides a basis for climate change adaptation planning, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation for any organization, regardless of size, type and nature.

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This document provides an overview of technologies that are under development to capture carbon dioxide (CO2) that is generated during cement manufacture. This document is intended to inform users about the different technologies, including the characteristics, the maturity and the boundaries of these technologies. This document is applicable to organizations involved in the cement industry and other stakeholders (e.g. policy makers). This document addresses technologies for CO2 capture that have potential applications in the cement industry. This document does not address CO2 transport, CO2 storage or CO2 utilization.

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This document provides guidance for calculating the CO2 intensity at steel plants with all types of process routes, by defining the boundary, CO2 emission factors and the intermediate products for which upstream emissions are considered for all types of process routes. In particular, this document provides guidance applicable to the ISO 14404 series to the types of steel plants listed below. This document also includes the Universal Calculation Sheet, which covers all relevant emission sources from ISO 14404-1, ISO 14404-2 and ISO 14404-3 to assist the calculation of CO2 emissions. i. Steel plants with different process routes from ISO 14404-1, ISO 14404-2 and ISO 14404-3 (7.2.1) ii. Steel plants with more than one process route (7.2.2) iii. Steel plants purchasing pig iron from the outside (7.2.3) iv. Steel plants and rerollers purchasing part or all of crude steel from outside (7.2.4) Moreover, this document provides additional guidance to the entire ISO 14404 series for the following topics. a) Evaluation of exported slags b) Evaluation of by-product gas c) Evaluation of stock d) Selection of calorific values and emission factors for electricity and fuel Conversion to energy consumption and to consumption efficiency can be obtained using Annex A. While the use of the calculation result is outside the scope of this document, appropriate applications and inappropriate application are recommended in Annex B.

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This document specifies principles and requirements for bodies performing validation and verification of environmental information statements. Any programme requirements related to bodies are additional to the requirements of this document. This document is a sector application of ISO/IEC 17029:2019, which contains general principles and requirements for the competence, consistent operation and impartiality of bodies performing validation/verification as conformity assessment activities. This document includes sector-specific requirements in addition to the requirements of ISO/IEC 17029:2019.

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This document specifies requirements and guidelines for the quantification and reporting of the process carbon footprint of biobased plastics (see ISO 22526-1), being a partial carbon footprint of a bioplastic product, based on ISO 14067 and consistent with International Standards on life cycle assessment (ISO 14040 and ISO 14044). This document is applicable to process carbon footprint studies (P-CFP) of plastic materials, being a partial carbon footprint of a product, whether or not the results are intended to be publicly available. Requirements and guidelines for the quantification of a partial carbon footprint of a product (partial CFP) are provided in this document. The process carbon footprint study is carried out according to ISO 14067 as a partial carbon footprint, using the specific conditions and requirements specified in this document. Where the results of a P-CFP study are reported according to this document, procedures are provided to support transparency and credibility, and also to allow for informed choices. Offsetting is outside of the scope of this document.

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This document specifies performance evaluation methods of treatment technology using ozone for water reuse systems. It deals with how to measure typical parameters which indicate performance of ozone treatment technology.

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This document specifies requirements and guidance on adaptation planning for local governments and communities. This document supports local governments and communities in adapting to climate change based on vulnerability, impacts and risk assessments. In working with relevant interested parties, it also supports the setting of priorities, and the development and subsequent updating of an adaptation plan.

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The primary aim of this document is to describe the main compositional characteristics of the CO2 stream downstream of the capture unit, taking into account common purification options. Accordingly, this document will characterize the different types of impurities and present examples of concentrations determined in recent capture pilot projects as well as through literature review. It identifies ranges of concentrations, giving priority to in situ measurements when available. The second aim of this document is to identify potential impacts of impurities on all components of the CCS chain, from surface installations (including transport) to the storage complex. For example, impurities can have a significant effect on the phase behaviour of CO2 streams in relation to their concentration. Chemical effects also include the corrosion of metals. The composition of the CO2 stream can also influence the injectivity and the storage capacity, due to physical effects (such as density or viscosity changes) and geochemical reactions in the reservoir. In case of a leakage, toxic and ecotoxic effects of impurities contained in the leaking CO2 stream could also impact the environment surrounding the storage complex. In order to ensure energy efficiency, proper operation of the whole CCS chain and not to affect its surrounding environment, operators usually limit the concentrations of some impurities, which can, in-turn, influence the design of the capture equipment and purification steps. Such limits are case specific and cannot be described in this report; however, some examples of CO2 stream specifications discussed in the literature are presented in Annex A. The required purity of the CO2 stream delivered from the capture plant will to a large degree depend on the impurity levels that can be accepted and managed by the transport, injection and storage operations. The capture plant operators will therefore most probably need to purify the CO2 stream to comply with the required transport, injection, storage specifications or with legal requirements. Monitoring of the CO2 stream composition plays an important role in the management of the entire CCS process. Methods of measuring the composition of the CO2 stream and in particular the concentrations of impurities are described and other parameters relevant for monitoring at the various steps of the CCS chain are described. The interplay between the set CO2 stream specifications and the efficiency of the entire CCS process is also explained. Finally, the mixing of CO2 streams coming from different sources before transport or storage is addressed, and the main benefits, risks and operational constraints are presented.

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This document specifies test methods and criteria for showing intrinsic biodegradability in marine environments of virgin plastic materials and polymers without any preliminary environmental exposure or pre-treatment. Test methods applied in this document are carried out at temperatures in the mesophilic range under aerobic conditions and are aimed to show ultimate biodegradability, i.e. conversion into carbon dioxide, water and biomass. This document neither assesses the constituents, such as regulated metals or substances hazardous to the environment, nor potential ecotoxic effects but intrinsic biodegradability only. These aspects will be considered in a separate standard covering the overall environmental impact of products intentionally or accidentally released in the marine environment. This document does not cover the performance of products made from biodegradable plastic materials and biodegradable polymers. Lifetime and biodegradation rates in the sea of products made with biodegradable plastic materials are generally affected by the specific environmental conditions and by thickness and shape. Although results might indicate that the tested plastic materials and polymers biodegrade under the specified test conditions at a certain rate, the results of any laboratory exposure cannot be directly extrapolated to marine environments at the actual site of use or leakage. This document is not applicable for "marine biodegradable" claims of biodegradable plastic materials. For such purpose, see relevant product standards, if available. The testing scheme specified in this document does not provide sufficient information for determining the specific biodegradation rate (i.e. the rate per available surface area) of the material under testing. For such purpose, see relevant standards about specific biodegradation rate, if available.

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This document contains terms and definitions relating to oil spills and their control. This document provides standardized terminology relating to oil spill response, defined as the broad range of activities related to spill cleanup, including surveillance and assessment, containment, recovery, dispersant use, in situ burning, shoreline cleanup and disposal.

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ISO 18557 presents guidelines for sampling strategies and characterization processes to assess the contamination of soils, buildings and infrastructures, prior to remediation and/or to check that the remediation objectives have been met (final release surveys). The principles presented need to be appropriately graded as regards the specific situations concerned (size, level of contamination?). It can be used in conjunction with each country's key documentation.
ISO 18557 deals with characterization in relation to site remediation. It applies to sites contaminated after normal operation of older nuclear facilities. It could also apply to site remediation after a major accident, and in this case the input data will be linked to the accident involved.
ISO 18557 complements existing standards, notably concerning sampling, sample preservation and their transport, treatment and laboratory measurements, but also those related to in situ chemical and radiological measurements. References in the Bibliography contain links to appropriate documentation and techniques as required by individual member countries.
ISO 18557 does not apply to the following issues: execution of clean-up works, sampling and characterization of waste (conditioned or unconditioned) or to waste packages.
It does not apply to groundwater characterization (saturated zone).
Given the case-by-case nature of site remediation and decommissioning, the principles and guidance communicated in ISO 18557 are intended as general guidance only, not prescriptive requirements.

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This document defines the material carbon footprint as the amount (mass) of CO2 removed from the air and incorporated into plastic, and specifies a determination method to quantify it. This document is applicable to plastic products, plastic materials and polymer resins that are partly or wholly based on biobased constituents.

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ISO 18557 presents guidelines for sampling strategies and characterization processes to assess the contamination of soils, buildings and infrastructures, prior to remediation and/or to check that the remediation objectives have been met (final release surveys). The principles presented need to be appropriately graded as regards the specific situations concerned (size, level of contamination?). It can be used in conjunction with each country's key documentation.
ISO 18557 deals with characterization in relation to site remediation. It applies to sites contaminated after normal operation of older nuclear facilities. It could also apply to site remediation after a major accident, and in this case the input data will be linked to the accident involved.
ISO 18557 complements existing standards, notably concerning sampling, sample preservation and their transport, treatment and laboratory measurements, but also those related to in situ chemical and radiological measurements. References in the Bibliography contain links to appropriate documentation and techniques as required by individual member countries.
ISO 18557 does not apply to the following issues: execution of clean-up works, sampling and characterization of waste (conditioned or unconditioned) or to waste packages.
It does not apply to groundwater characterization (saturated zone).
Given the case-by-case nature of site remediation and decommissioning, the principles and guidance communicated in ISO 18557 are intended as general guidance only, not prescriptive requirements.

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This document specifies the general principles and the system boundaries for the carbon and environmental footprint of biobased plastic products. It is an introduction and a guidance document to the other parts of the ISO 22526 series. This document is applicable to plastic products and plastic materials, polymer resins, which are based from biobased or fossil-based constituents.

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This European Standard specifies a detailed methodology that will allow any economic operator in a biofuel or bioliquid chain to calculate the actual GHG emissions associated with its operations in a standardised and transparent manner, taking all materially relevant aspects into account. It includes all steps of the chain from biomass production to the end transport and distribution operations.
The methodology strictly follows the principles and rules stipulated in the RED and particularly its Annex V, the EC decision dated 10 June 2010 "Guideline for calculation of land carbon stocks" for the purpose of Annex V to Directive 2009/28/EC (2010/335/EU) [5] as well as any additional interpretation of the legislative text published by the EU Commission. Where appropriate these rules are clarified, explained and further elaborated. In the context of accounting for heat and electricity consumption and surpluses reference is also made to Directive 2004/8/EC [6] on "the promotion of cogeneration based on a useful heat demand in the internal energy market" and the associated EU Commission decision of 21/12/2006 "establishing harmonised efficiency reference values for separate production of electricity and heat" [7].
The main purpose of this standard is to specify a methodology to estimate GHG emissions at each step of the biofuel/bioliquid production and transport chain. The specific way in which these emissions have to be combined to establish the overall GHG balance of a biofuel or bioliquid depends on the chain of custody system in use and is not per se within the scope of this part 4 of the EN 16214 standard. Part 2 of the standard, addresses these issues in detail also in accordance with the stipulations of the RED. Nevertheless, Clause 6 of this part of the standard includes general indications and guidelines on how to integrate the different parts of the chain.

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This document specifies the procedures for establishing quality assurance for automated measuring systems (AMS) installed on industrial plants for the determination of the concentration of greenhouse gases in flue and waste gas and other flue gas parameters. This part of ISO 14385 specifies a procedure to calibrate the AMS and determine the variability of the measured values obtained by an AMS, which is suitable for the validation of an AMS following its installation. This part of ISO 14385 is designed to be used after the AMS has been accepted according to the procedures specified in ISO 14956.

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This document specifies procedures for establishing quality assurance for automated measuring systems (AMS) installed on industrial plants for the determination of the concentration of greenhouse gases in flue and waste gas and other flue gas parameters. This part of ISO 14385 specifies the following: - a procedure to maintain and demonstrate the required quality of the measurement results during the normal operation of an AMS, by checking that the zero and span characteristics are consistent with those determined using the relevant procedure in ISO 14956; - a procedure for the annual surveillance tests (AST) of the AMS in order to evaluate a) that it functions correctly and its performance remains valid and b) that its calibration function and variability remain as previously determined. This part of ISO 14385 is designed to be used after the AMS has been accepted according to the procedures specified in ISO 14956. This part of ISO 14385 is restricted to quality assurance (QA) of the AMS and does not include QA of the data collection and recording system of the plant.

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This Standard specifies principles, requirements and guidelines for adaptation to climate change. This includes the integration of adaptation within or across organizations, understanding impacts and uncertainties and how these can be used to inform decisions. This document is applicable to any organization, regardless of size, type and nature, e.g. local, regional, international, business units, conglomerates, industrial sectors, natural resource management units. This document can support the development of sector-, aspect- or element-specific climate change adaptation standards.

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This document specifies principles and requirements and provides guidance for verifying and validating
greenhouse gas (GHG) statements.
It is applicable to organization, project and product GHG statements.
The ISO 14060 family of standards is GHG programme neutral. If a GHG programme is applicable,
requirements of that GHG programme are additional to the requirements of the ISO 14060 family of
standards.

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This document provides guidelines for evaluating the performance of treatment systems on the basis of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. In order to estimate greenhouse gas emissions from a treatment system, this document covers the estimate, types of GHG emission and sources, emission factor for each GHG, and global warming potential. The weight of greenhouse gases to be used in an evaluation is equivalent to emissions during operation of a treatment system. This document also defines a method for calculating carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2eq) emission intensity, in which GHG emissions are divided by the volume of reclaimed water. It also includes a method for evaluating the performance of a treatment system using CO2eq emission intensity.

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This document specifies principles, requirements and guidelines for adaptation to climate change. This includes the integration of adaptation within or across organizations, understanding impacts and uncertainties and how these can be used to inform decisions.
This document is applicable to any organization, regardless of size, type and nature, e.g. local, regional, international, business units, conglomerates, industrial sectors, natural resource management units.
This document can support the development of sector-, aspect- or element-specific climate change adaptation standards.

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This document specifies principles, requirements and guidelines for adaptation to climate change. This includes the integration of adaptation within or across organizations, understanding impacts and uncertainties and how these can be used to inform decisions. This document is applicable to any organization, regardless of size, type and nature, e.g. local, regional, international, business units, conglomerates, industrial sectors, natural resource management units. This document can support the development of sector-, aspect- or element-specific climate change adaptation standards.

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This document gives an overview and provides guidance on the main methods available to quantify the exchanges of greenhouse gases (CO2, N2O, CH4) and ammonia (NH3) between soils and the atmosphere. It is intended to help users to select the measurement method or methods most suited to their purposes by setting out information on the application domain and the main advantages and limitations of each methods.

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This document specifies principles and requirements and provides guidance at the project level for the
quantification, monitoring and reporting of activities intended to cause greenhouse gas (GHG) emission
reductions or removal enhancements. It includes requirements for planning a GHG project, identifying
and selecting GHG sources, sinks and reservoirs (SSRs) relevant to the project and baseline scenario,
monitoring, quantifying, documenting and reporting GHG project performance and managing data
quality.
The ISO 14060 family of standards is GHG programme neutral. If a GHG programme is applicable, the
requirements of that GHG programme are additional to the requirements of the ISO 14060 family of
standards.

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This document specifies principles and requirements and provides guidance for verifying and validating greenhouse gas (GHG) statements.
It is applicable to organization, project and product GHG statements.
The ISO 14060 family of standards is GHG programme neutral. If a GHG programme is applicable, requirements of that GHG programme are additional to the requirements of the ISO 14060 family of standards.

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This document specifies principles and requirements and provides guidance at the project level for the quantification, monitoring and reporting of activities intended to cause greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions or removal enhancements. It includes requirements for planning a GHG project, identifying and selecting GHG sources, sinks and reservoirs (SSRs) relevant to the project and baseline scenario, monitoring, quantifying, documenting and reporting GHG project performance and managing data quality.
The ISO 14060 family of standards is GHG programme neutral. If a GHG programme is applicable, the requirements of that GHG programme are additional to the requirements of the ISO 14060 family of standards.

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This document specifies principles and requirements and provides guidance for verifying and validating greenhouse gas (GHG) statements. It is applicable to organization, project and product GHG statements. The ISO 14060 family of standards is GHG programme neutral. If a GHG programme is applicable, requirements of that GHG programme are additional to the requirements of the ISO 14060 family of standards.

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This document specifies principles and requirements and provides guidance at the project level for the quantification, monitoring and reporting of activities intended to cause greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions or removal enhancements. It includes requirements for planning a GHG project, identifying and selecting GHG sources, sinks and reservoirs (SSRs) relevant to the project and baseline scenario, monitoring, quantifying, documenting and reporting GHG project performance and managing data quality. The ISO 14060 family of standards is GHG programme neutral. If a GHG programme is applicable, the requirements of that GHG programme are additional to the requirements of the ISO 14060 family of standards.

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This document specifies principles and requirements at the organization level for the quantification
and reporting of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and removals. It includes requirements for the design,
development, management, reporting and verification of an organization’s GHG inventory.
The ISO 14064 series is GHG programme neutral. If a GHG programme is applicable, requirements of
that GHG programme are additional to the requirements of the ISO 14064 series.

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This document specifies principles and requirements at the organization level for the quantification and reporting of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and removals. It includes requirements for the design, development, management, reporting and verification of an organization's GHG inventory.
The ISO 14064 series is GHG programme neutral. If a GHG programme is applicable, requirements of that GHG programme are additional to the requirements of the ISO 14064 series.

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1.1 Applicability This document applies to carbon dioxide (CO2) that is injected in enhanced recovery operations for oil and other hydrocarbons (CO2-EOR) for which quantification of CO2 that is safely stored long-term in association with the CO2-EOR project is sought. Recognizing that some CO2-EOR projects use non-anthropogenic CO2 in combination with anthropogenic CO2, the document also shows how allocation ratios could be utilized for optional calculations of the anthropogenic portion of the associated stored CO2 (see Annex B). 1.2 Non-applicability This document does not apply to quantification of CO2 injected into reservoirs where no hydrocarbon production is anticipated or occurring. Storage of CO2 in geologic formations that do not contain hydrocarbons is covered by ISO 27914 even if located above or below hydrocarbon producing reservoirs. If storage of CO2 is conducted in a reservoir from which hydrocarbons were previously produced but will no longer be produced in paying or commercial quantities, or where the intent of CO2 injection is not to enhance hydrocarbon recovery, such storage would also be subject to the requirements of ISO 27914. 1.3 Standard boundary 1.3.1 Inclusions The conceptual boundary of this document for CO2 stored in association with CO2-EOR includes: a) safe, long-term containment of CO2 within the EOR complex; b) CO2 leakage from the EOR complex through leakage pathways; and c) on-site CO2-EOR project loss of CO2 from wells, equipment or other facilities. 1.3.2 Exclusions This document does not include the following: a) lifecycle emissions, including but not limited to CO2 emissions from capture or transportation of CO2, on-site emissions from combustion or power generation, and CO2 emissions resulting from the combustion of produced hydrocarbons; b) storage of CO2 above ground; c) buffer and seasonal storage of CO2 below ground (similar to natural gas storage); d) any technique or product that does not involve injection of CO2 into the subsurface; and e) emissions of any GHGs other than CO2. NOTE Some authorities might require other GHG components of the CO2 stream to be quantified.

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This document specifies principles, requirements and guidelines for the quantification and reporting
of the carbon footprint of a product (CFP), in a manner consistent with International Standards on life
cycle assessment (LCA) (ISO 14040 and ISO 14044).
Requirements and guidelines for the quantification of a partial CFP are also specified.
This document is applicable to CFP studies, the results of which provide the basis for different
applications (see Clause 4).
This document addresses only a single impact category: climate change. Carbon offsetting and
communication of CFP or partial CFP information are outside the scope of this document.
This document does not assess any social or economic aspects or impacts, or any other environmental
aspects and related impacts potentially arising from the life cycle of a product.

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This document specifies principles and requirements at the organization level for the quantification and reporting of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and removals. It includes requirements for the design, development, management, reporting and verification of an organization's GHG inventory. The ISO 14064 series is GHG programme neutral. If a GHG programme is applicable, requirements of that GHG programme are additional to the requirements of the ISO 14064 series.

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