This document provides guidelines for performance evaluation methods of water reclamation systems using membrane technologies. This document provides guidance in ensuring treated wastewater quality levels at the point of exit from the membrane filtration processes. It also provides potential methods for evaluating the environmental and economic performance of membrane filtration processes in water reuse. This document helps plant designers, operators and end users to effectively design and operate the membrane-based water reclamation systems.

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This document provides a performance evaluation method of treatment technology using advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) for water reuse treatment. It introduces a system of evaluating water quality to validate AOP performance through typical parameters such as the concentration of hydroxyl radicals.

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This document provides guidelines on methods for evaluating the performance of ion exchange and electrodialysis for water reuse including ion exchange resin and ion exchange membrane.

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This document specifies principles and requirements for the determination of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from sector-specific sources such as from steel and iron, cement, aluminium, lime and ferroalloy-producing industries. This document specifies definitions and requirements valid to the sector-specific parts of ISOÂ 19694 series. It provides common methodological issues and defines the details for applying the requirements for the harmonized methods, which include: measuring, testing and quantifying methods for GHG emissions of the above-mentioned sector-specific sources in the cited standards; assessing the level of GHG emissions performance of production processes over time at production sites; establishing and providing reliable, accurate and quality information for reporting and verification purposes. The application of this document to the other sector-specific standards in the ISO 19694 series ensures accuracy, precision and reproducibility of the obtained results. For this reason, it is a generic standard.

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This document provides guidelines for performance evaluation methods of UV disinfection for full scale water reuse systems. It deals with the methods of measurement of typical parameters which indicate performance of UV disinfection systems.

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This document gives guidelines for assessing the risks related to the potential impacts of climate
change. It describes how to understand vulnerability and how to develop and implement a sound risk
assessment in the context of climate change. It can be used for assessing both present and future climate
change risks.
Risk assessment according to this document provides a basis for climate change adaptation planning,
implementation, and monitoring and evaluation for any organization, regardless of size, type and nature.

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This document gives guidelines for assessing the risks related to the potential impacts of climate change. It describes how to understand vulnerability and how to develop and implement a sound risk assessment in the context of climate change. It can be used for assessing both present and future climate change risks. Risk assessment according to this document provides a basis for climate change adaptation planning, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation for any organization, regardless of size, type and nature.

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This document provides an overview of technologies that are under development to capture carbon dioxide (CO2) that is generated during cement manufacture. This document is intended to inform users about the different technologies, including the characteristics, the maturity and the boundaries of these technologies. This document is applicable to organizations involved in the cement industry and other stakeholders (e.g. policy makers). This document addresses technologies for CO2 capture that have potential applications in the cement industry. This document does not address CO2 transport, CO2 storage or CO2 utilization.

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This document provides guidance for calculating the CO2 intensity at steel plants with all types of process routes, by defining the boundary, CO2 emission factors and the intermediate products for which upstream emissions are considered for all types of process routes. In particular, this document provides guidance applicable to the ISO 14404 series to the types of steel plants listed below. This document also includes the Universal Calculation Sheet, which covers all relevant emission sources from ISO 14404-1, ISO 14404-2 and ISO 14404-3 to assist the calculation of CO2 emissions. i. Steel plants with different process routes from ISO 14404-1, ISO 14404-2 and ISO 14404-3 (7.2.1) ii. Steel plants with more than one process route (7.2.2) iii. Steel plants purchasing pig iron from the outside (7.2.3) iv. Steel plants and rerollers purchasing part or all of crude steel from outside (7.2.4) Moreover, this document provides additional guidance to the entire ISO 14404 series for the following topics. a) Evaluation of exported slags b) Evaluation of by-product gas c) Evaluation of stock d) Selection of calorific values and emission factors for electricity and fuel Conversion to energy consumption and to consumption efficiency can be obtained using Annex A. While the use of the calculation result is outside the scope of this document, appropriate applications and inappropriate application are recommended in Annex B.

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Este documento especifica los principios y requisitos para los organismos que realizan funciones de validación y verificación de afirmaciones de información ambiental. Cualquier requisito de programa relacionado con los organismos es adicional a los requisitos de este documento. Este documento es una aplicación sectorial de la ISO/IEC 17029:2019, que contiene principios y requisitos generales para la competencia, la operación consistente y la imparcialidad de los organismos que realizan la validación/verificación como actividad de evaluación de la conformidad. Este documento incluye requisitos específicos del sector además de los nuevos requisitos de la ISO/IEC 17029:2019.

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This document specifies requirements and guidelines for the quantification and reporting of the process carbon footprint of biobased plastics (see ISO 22526-1), being a partial carbon footprint of a bioplastic product, based on ISO 14067 and consistent with International Standards on life cycle assessment (ISO 14040 and ISO 14044). This document is applicable to process carbon footprint studies (P-CFP) of plastic materials, being a partial carbon footprint of a product, whether or not the results are intended to be publicly available. Requirements and guidelines for the quantification of a partial carbon footprint of a product (partial CFP) are provided in this document. The process carbon footprint study is carried out according to ISO 14067 as a partial carbon footprint, using the specific conditions and requirements specified in this document. Where the results of a P-CFP study are reported according to this document, procedures are provided to support transparency and credibility, and also to allow for informed choices. Offsetting is outside of the scope of this document.

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This document specifies performance evaluation methods of treatment technology using ozone for water reuse systems. It deals with how to measure typical parameters which indicate performance of ozone treatment technology.

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Este documento especifica los requisitos y la orientación sobre la planificación de la adaptación para los gobiernos locales y las comunidades. Este documento apoya a los gobiernos locales y a las comunidades en la adaptación al cambio climático basado en la vulnerabilidad, los impactos y las evaluaciones de riesgos. Al trabajar con las partes interesadas pertinentes, también apoya el establecimiento de prioridades y el desarrollo y posterior actualización de un plan de adaptación.

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The primary aim of this document is to describe the main compositional characteristics of the CO2 stream downstream of the capture unit, taking into account common purification options. Accordingly, this document will characterize the different types of impurities and present examples of concentrations determined in recent capture pilot projects as well as through literature review. It identifies ranges of concentrations, giving priority to in situ measurements when available. The second aim of this document is to identify potential impacts of impurities on all components of the CCS chain, from surface installations (including transport) to the storage complex. For example, impurities can have a significant effect on the phase behaviour of CO2 streams in relation to their concentration. Chemical effects also include the corrosion of metals. The composition of the CO2 stream can also influence the injectivity and the storage capacity, due to physical effects (such as density or viscosity changes) and geochemical reactions in the reservoir. In case of a leakage, toxic and ecotoxic effects of impurities contained in the leaking CO2 stream could also impact the environment surrounding the storage complex. In order to ensure energy efficiency, proper operation of the whole CCS chain and not to affect its surrounding environment, operators usually limit the concentrations of some impurities, which can, in-turn, influence the design of the capture equipment and purification steps. Such limits are case specific and cannot be described in this report; however, some examples of CO2 stream specifications discussed in the literature are presented in Annex A. The required purity of the CO2 stream delivered from the capture plant will to a large degree depend on the impurity levels that can be accepted and managed by the transport, injection and storage operations. The capture plant operators will therefore most probably need to purify the CO2 stream to comply with the required transport, injection, storage specifications or with legal requirements. Monitoring of the CO2 stream composition plays an important role in the management of the entire CCS process. Methods of measuring the composition of the CO2 stream and in particular the concentrations of impurities are described and other parameters relevant for monitoring at the various steps of the CCS chain are described. The interplay between the set CO2 stream specifications and the efficiency of the entire CCS process is also explained. Finally, the mixing of CO2 streams coming from different sources before transport or storage is addressed, and the main benefits, risks and operational constraints are presented.

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This document specifies test methods and criteria for showing intrinsic biodegradability in marine environments of virgin plastic materials and polymers without any preliminary environmental exposure or pre-treatment. Test methods applied in this document are carried out at temperatures in the mesophilic range under aerobic conditions and are aimed to show ultimate biodegradability, i.e. conversion into carbon dioxide, water and biomass. This document neither assesses the constituents, such as regulated metals or substances hazardous to the environment, nor potential ecotoxic effects but intrinsic biodegradability only. These aspects will be considered in a separate standard covering the overall environmental impact of products intentionally or accidentally released in the marine environment. This document does not cover the performance of products made from biodegradable plastic materials and biodegradable polymers. Lifetime and biodegradation rates in the sea of products made with biodegradable plastic materials are generally affected by the specific environmental conditions and by thickness and shape. Although results might indicate that the tested plastic materials and polymers biodegrade under the specified test conditions at a certain rate, the results of any laboratory exposure cannot be directly extrapolated to marine environments at the actual site of use or leakage. This document is not applicable for "marine biodegradable" claims of biodegradable plastic materials. For such purpose, see relevant product standards, if available. The testing scheme specified in this document does not provide sufficient information for determining the specific biodegradation rate (i.e. the rate per available surface area) of the material under testing. For such purpose, see relevant standards about specific biodegradation rate, if available.

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This document contains terms and definitions relating to oil spills and their control. This document provides standardized terminology relating to oil spill response, defined as the broad range of activities related to spill cleanup, including surveillance and assessment, containment, recovery, dispersant use, in situ burning, shoreline cleanup and disposal.

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ISO 18557 presents guidelines for sampling strategies and characterization processes to assess the contamination of soils, buildings and infrastructures, prior to remediation and/or to check that the remediation objectives have been met (final release surveys). The principles presented need to be appropriately graded as regards the specific situations concerned (size, level of contamination?). It can be used in conjunction with each country's key documentation.
ISO 18557 deals with characterization in relation to site remediation. It applies to sites contaminated after normal operation of older nuclear facilities. It could also apply to site remediation after a major accident, and in this case the input data will be linked to the accident involved.
ISO 18557 complements existing standards, notably concerning sampling, sample preservation and their transport, treatment and laboratory measurements, but also those related to in situ chemical and radiological measurements. References in the Bibliography contain links to appropriate documentation and techniques as required by individual member countries.
ISO 18557 does not apply to the following issues: execution of clean-up works, sampling and characterization of waste (conditioned or unconditioned) or to waste packages.
It does not apply to groundwater characterization (saturated zone).
Given the case-by-case nature of site remediation and decommissioning, the principles and guidance communicated in ISO 18557 are intended as general guidance only, not prescriptive requirements.

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This document defines the material carbon footprint as the amount (mass) of CO2 removed from the air and incorporated into plastic, and specifies a determination method to quantify it. This document is applicable to plastic products, plastic materials and polymer resins that are partly or wholly based on biobased constituents.

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ISO 18557 presents guidelines for sampling strategies and characterization processes to assess the contamination of soils, buildings and infrastructures, prior to remediation and/or to check that the remediation objectives have been met (final release surveys). The principles presented need to be appropriately graded as regards the specific situations concerned (size, level of contamination?). It can be used in conjunction with each country's key documentation.
ISO 18557 deals with characterization in relation to site remediation. It applies to sites contaminated after normal operation of older nuclear facilities. It could also apply to site remediation after a major accident, and in this case the input data will be linked to the accident involved.
ISO 18557 complements existing standards, notably concerning sampling, sample preservation and their transport, treatment and laboratory measurements, but also those related to in situ chemical and radiological measurements. References in the Bibliography contain links to appropriate documentation and techniques as required by individual member countries.
ISO 18557 does not apply to the following issues: execution of clean-up works, sampling and characterization of waste (conditioned or unconditioned) or to waste packages.
It does not apply to groundwater characterization (saturated zone).
Given the case-by-case nature of site remediation and decommissioning, the principles and guidance communicated in ISO 18557 are intended as general guidance only, not prescriptive requirements.

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This document specifies the general principles and the system boundaries for the carbon and environmental footprint of biobased plastic products. It is an introduction and a guidance document to the other parts of the ISO 22526 series. This document is applicable to plastic products and plastic materials, polymer resins, which are based from biobased or fossil-based constituents.

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This European Standard specifies a detailed methodology that will allow any economic operator in a biofuel or bioliquid chain to calculate the actual GHG emissions associated with its operations in a standardised and transparent manner, taking all materially relevant aspects into account. It includes all steps of the chain from biomass production to the end transport and distribution operations.
The methodology strictly follows the principles and rules stipulated in the RED and particularly its Annex V, the EC decision dated 10 June 2010 "Guideline for calculation of land carbon stocks" for the purpose of Annex V to Directive 2009/28/EC (2010/335/EU) [5] as well as any additional interpretation of the legislative text published by the EU Commission. Where appropriate these rules are clarified, explained and further elaborated. In the context of accounting for heat and electricity consumption and surpluses reference is also made to Directive 2004/8/EC [6] on "the promotion of cogeneration based on a useful heat demand in the internal energy market" and the associated EU Commission decision of 21/12/2006 "establishing harmonised efficiency reference values for separate production of electricity and heat" [7].
The main purpose of this standard is to specify a methodology to estimate GHG emissions at each step of the biofuel/bioliquid production and transport chain. The specific way in which these emissions have to be combined to establish the overall GHG balance of a biofuel or bioliquid depends on the chain of custody system in use and is not per se within the scope of this part 4 of the EN 16214 standard. Part 2 of the standard, addresses these issues in detail also in accordance with the stipulations of the RED. Nevertheless, Clause 6 of this part of the standard includes general indications and guidelines on how to integrate the different parts of the chain.

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This document specifies procedures for establishing quality assurance for automated measuring systems (AMS) installed on industrial plants for the determination of the concentration of greenhouse gases in flue and waste gas and other flue gas parameters. This part of ISO 14385 specifies the following: - a procedure to maintain and demonstrate the required quality of the measurement results during the normal operation of an AMS, by checking that the zero and span characteristics are consistent with those determined using the relevant procedure in ISO 14956; - a procedure for the annual surveillance tests (AST) of the AMS in order to evaluate a) that it functions correctly and its performance remains valid and b) that its calibration function and variability remain as previously determined. This part of ISO 14385 is designed to be used after the AMS has been accepted according to the procedures specified in ISO 14956. This part of ISO 14385 is restricted to quality assurance (QA) of the AMS and does not include QA of the data collection and recording system of the plant.

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This document specifies the procedures for establishing quality assurance for automated measuring systems (AMS) installed on industrial plants for the determination of the concentration of greenhouse gases in flue and waste gas and other flue gas parameters. This part of ISO 14385 specifies a procedure to calibrate the AMS and determine the variability of the measured values obtained by an AMS, which is suitable for the validation of an AMS following its installation. This part of ISO 14385 is designed to be used after the AMS has been accepted according to the procedures specified in ISO 14956.

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This Standard specifies principles, requirements and guidelines for adaptation to climate change. This includes the integration of adaptation within or across organizations, understanding impacts and uncertainties and how these can be used to inform decisions. This document is applicable to any organization, regardless of size, type and nature, e.g. local, regional, international, business units, conglomerates, industrial sectors, natural resource management units. This document can support the development of sector-, aspect- or element-specific climate change adaptation standards.

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This document specifies principles and requirements and provides guidance for verifying and validating
greenhouse gas (GHG) statements.
It is applicable to organization, project and product GHG statements.
The ISO 14060 family of standards is GHG programme neutral. If a GHG programme is applicable,
requirements of that GHG programme are additional to the requirements of the ISO 14060 family of
standards.

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This document provides guidelines for evaluating the performance of treatment systems on the basis of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. In order to estimate greenhouse gas emissions from a treatment system, this document covers the estimate, types of GHG emission and sources, emission factor for each GHG, and global warming potential. The weight of greenhouse gases to be used in an evaluation is equivalent to emissions during operation of a treatment system. This document also defines a method for calculating carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2eq) emission intensity, in which GHG emissions are divided by the volume of reclaimed water. It also includes a method for evaluating the performance of a treatment system using CO2eq emission intensity.

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This document specifies principles, requirements and guidelines for adaptation to climate change. This includes the integration of adaptation within or across organizations, understanding impacts and uncertainties and how these can be used to inform decisions.
This document is applicable to any organization, regardless of size, type and nature, e.g. local, regional, international, business units, conglomerates, industrial sectors, natural resource management units.
This document can support the development of sector-, aspect- or element-specific climate change adaptation standards.

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This document specifies principles, requirements and guidelines for adaptation to climate change. This includes the integration of adaptation within or across organizations, understanding impacts and uncertainties and how these can be used to inform decisions. This document is applicable to any organization, regardless of size, type and nature, e.g. local, regional, international, business units, conglomerates, industrial sectors, natural resource management units. This document can support the development of sector-, aspect- or element-specific climate change adaptation standards.

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This document gives an overview and provides guidance on the main methods available to quantify the exchanges of greenhouse gases (CO2, N2O, CH4) and ammonia (NH3) between soils and the atmosphere. It is intended to help users to select the measurement method or methods most suited to their purposes by setting out information on the application domain and the main advantages and limitations of each methods.

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This document specifies principles and requirements and provides guidance at the project level for the
quantification, monitoring and reporting of activities intended to cause greenhouse gas (GHG) emission
reductions or removal enhancements. It includes requirements for planning a GHG project, identifying
and selecting GHG sources, sinks and reservoirs (SSRs) relevant to the project and baseline scenario,
monitoring, quantifying, documenting and reporting GHG project performance and managing data
quality.
The ISO 14060 family of standards is GHG programme neutral. If a GHG programme is applicable, the
requirements of that GHG programme are additional to the requirements of the ISO 14060 family of
standards.

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This document specifies principles and requirements and provides guidance at the project level for the quantification, monitoring and reporting of activities intended to cause greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions or removal enhancements. It includes requirements for planning a GHG project, identifying and selecting GHG sources, sinks and reservoirs (SSRs) relevant to the project and baseline scenario, monitoring, quantifying, documenting and reporting GHG project performance and managing data quality.
The ISO 14060 family of standards is GHG programme neutral. If a GHG programme is applicable, the requirements of that GHG programme are additional to the requirements of the ISO 14060 family of standards.

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This document specifies principles and requirements and provides guidance for verifying and validating greenhouse gas (GHG) statements.
It is applicable to organization, project and product GHG statements.
The ISO 14060 family of standards is GHG programme neutral. If a GHG programme is applicable, requirements of that GHG programme are additional to the requirements of the ISO 14060 family of standards.

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This document specifies principles and requirements and provides guidance for verifying and validating greenhouse gas (GHG) statements. It is applicable to organization, project and product GHG statements. The ISO 14060 family of standards is GHG programme neutral. If a GHG programme is applicable, requirements of that GHG programme are additional to the requirements of the ISO 14060 family of standards.

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  • Standard
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  • Standard
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This document specifies principles and requirements and provides guidance at the project level for the quantification, monitoring and reporting of activities intended to cause greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions or removal enhancements. It includes requirements for planning a GHG project, identifying and selecting GHG sources, sinks and reservoirs (SSRs) relevant to the project and baseline scenario, monitoring, quantifying, documenting and reporting GHG project performance and managing data quality. The ISO 14060 family of standards is GHG programme neutral. If a GHG programme is applicable, the requirements of that GHG programme are additional to the requirements of the ISO 14060 family of standards.

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  • Standard
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This document specifies principles and requirements at the organization level for the quantification
and reporting of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and removals. It includes requirements for the design,
development, management, reporting and verification of an organization’s GHG inventory.
The ISO 14064 series is GHG programme neutral. If a GHG programme is applicable, requirements of
that GHG programme are additional to the requirements of the ISO 14064 series.

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This document specifies principles and requirements at the organization level for the quantification and reporting of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and removals. It includes requirements for the design, development, management, reporting and verification of an organization's GHG inventory.
The ISO 14064 series is GHG programme neutral. If a GHG programme is applicable, requirements of that GHG programme are additional to the requirements of the ISO 14064 series.

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1.1 Applicability This document applies to carbon dioxide (CO2) that is injected in enhanced recovery operations for oil and other hydrocarbons (CO2-EOR) for which quantification of CO2 that is safely stored long-term in association with the CO2-EOR project is sought. Recognizing that some CO2-EOR projects use non-anthropogenic CO2 in combination with anthropogenic CO2, the document also shows how allocation ratios could be utilized for optional calculations of the anthropogenic portion of the associated stored CO2 (see Annex B). 1.2 Non-applicability This document does not apply to quantification of CO2 injected into reservoirs where no hydrocarbon production is anticipated or occurring. Storage of CO2 in geologic formations that do not contain hydrocarbons is covered by ISO 27914 even if located above or below hydrocarbon producing reservoirs. If storage of CO2 is conducted in a reservoir from which hydrocarbons were previously produced but will no longer be produced in paying or commercial quantities, or where the intent of CO2 injection is not to enhance hydrocarbon recovery, such storage would also be subject to the requirements of ISO 27914. 1.3 Standard boundary 1.3.1 Inclusions The conceptual boundary of this document for CO2 stored in association with CO2-EOR includes: a) safe, long-term containment of CO2 within the EOR complex; b) CO2 leakage from the EOR complex through leakage pathways; and c) on-site CO2-EOR project loss of CO2 from wells, equipment or other facilities. 1.3.2 Exclusions This document does not include the following: a) lifecycle emissions, including but not limited to CO2 emissions from capture or transportation of CO2, on-site emissions from combustion or power generation, and CO2 emissions resulting from the combustion of produced hydrocarbons; b) storage of CO2 above ground; c) buffer and seasonal storage of CO2 below ground (similar to natural gas storage); d) any technique or product that does not involve injection of CO2 into the subsurface; and e) emissions of any GHGs other than CO2. NOTE Some authorities might require other GHG components of the CO2 stream to be quantified.

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This document specifies principles, requirements and guidelines for the quantification and reporting
of the carbon footprint of a product (CFP), in a manner consistent with International Standards on life
cycle assessment (LCA) (ISO 14040 and ISO 14044).
Requirements and guidelines for the quantification of a partial CFP are also specified.
This document is applicable to CFP studies, the results of which provide the basis for different
applications (see Clause 4).
This document addresses only a single impact category: climate change. Carbon offsetting and
communication of CFP or partial CFP information are outside the scope of this document.
This document does not assess any social or economic aspects or impacts, or any other environmental
aspects and related impacts potentially arising from the life cycle of a product.

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This document specifies principles and requirements at the organization level for the quantification and reporting of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and removals. It includes requirements for the design, development, management, reporting and verification of an organization's GHG inventory. The ISO 14064 series is GHG programme neutral. If a GHG programme is applicable, requirements of that GHG programme are additional to the requirements of the ISO 14064 series.

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This document specifies methods for measuring, evaluating and reporting the performance of post-combustion CO2 capture (PCC) integrated with a power plant, and which separates CO2 from the power plant flue gas in preparation for subsequent transportation and geological storage. In particular, it provides a common methodology to calculate specific key performance indicators for the PCC plant, requiring the definition of the boundaries of a typical system and the measurements needed to determine the KPIs. This document covers thermal power plants burning carbonaceous fuels, such as coal, oil, natural gas and biomass-derived fuels, which are producing CO2 from boilers or gas turbines, and are integrated with CO2 capture. The PCC technologies covered by this document are those based on chemical absorption using reactive liquids, such as aqueous amine solutions, potassium carbonate solutions, and aqueous ammonia. Other PCC concepts based on different principles (e.g. adsorption, membranes, cryogenic) are not covered. The PCC plant can be installed for treatment of the full volume of flue gas from the power plant or a fraction of the total (i.e. a slip stream). Captured CO2 is processed in a compression or liquefaction step as determined by the conditions for transportation and storage. The KPIs considered in this document are the following: a) Specific thermal energy consumption (STEC); b) Specific electrical energy consumption (SEC); c) Specific equivalent electrical energy consumption (SEEC); d) Specific reduction in CO2 emissions (SRCE); e) Specific absorbent consumption (SAC) and specific chemical consumption (SCC). The calculations are based on measurements at the boundaries of the considered system, particularly of energy and utilities consumption. The integrated system includes the definition of interfaces between the PCC plant and the power plant. This document includes the following items: — The system boundary which defines the boundaries of the PCC plant and identifies which streams of energy and mass are crossing these boundaries to help power plant operators identify the key streams that are applicable for their particular case. — Basic PCC plant performance which defines the parameters that describe the basic performance of the PCC plant. — Definition of utilities and consumption calculation which lists the utility measurements required and provides guidance on how to convert utility measurements into the values required for the KPIs. — Guiding principles - Basis for PCC plant performance assessment which describes all guidelines to prepare, set-up and conduct the tests. — Instruments and measurement methods which lists the standards available for the relevant measurements and considerations to take into account when applying measurement methods to PCC plants. — Evaluation of key performance indicators which specifies the set of KPIs to be determined and their calculation methods to provide a common way of reporting them. This document does not provide guidelines for benchmarking, comparing or assessing KPIs of different technologies or different PCC projects. NOTE For the purposes of this document, thermal energy and electric energy are expressed by the unit of "J" (Joule) and "Wh" (Watt hour) respectively unless otherwise noted, with a prefix of International System of Units (SI) if necessary. (1 J = 1 W·s, 1 Wh = 1 W·h = 3 600 J).

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This document specifies principles, requirements and guidelines for the quantification and reporting of the carbon footprint of a product (CFP), in a manner consistent with International Standards on life cycle assessment (LCA) (ISO 14040 and ISO 14044).
Requirements and guidelines for the quantification of a partial CFP are also specified.
This document is applicable to CFP studies, the results of which provide the basis for different applications (see Clause 4).
This document addresses only a single impact category: climate change. Carbon offsetting and communication of CFP or partial CFP information are outside the scope of this document.
This document does not assess any social or economic aspects or impacts, or any other environmental aspects and related impacts potentially arising from the life cycle of a product.

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This document specifies principles, requirements and guidelines for the quantification and reporting of the carbon footprint of a product (CFP), in a manner consistent with International Standards on life cycle assessment (LCA) (ISO 14040 and ISO 14044). Requirements and guidelines for the quantification of a partial CFP are also specified. This document is applicable to CFP studies, the results of which provide the basis for different applications (see Clause 4). This document addresses only a single impact category: climate change. Carbon offsetting and communication of CFP or partial CFP information are outside the scope of this document. This document does not assess any social or economic aspects or impacts, or any other environmental aspects and related impacts potentially arising from the life cycle of a product.

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  • Standard
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This document establishes a general framework and considerations for assessing the environmental fate of tyre tread chemical additives in cured polymer and tyre and road wear particles (TRWP) throughout a tyre lifecycle. This document is applicable to laboratory-generated TRWP from cured tread polymer of known composition. Testing strategies are described for assessing the environmental fate and transport of tyre chemicals in the following processes that can occur during the tyre lifecycle: a) transformation of chemical additives in tread during tyre curing; b) transformation of chemical additives during TRWP generation (tyre use); c) transformation of chemical additives during TRWP aging and weathering; d) leaching of chemical additives and transformation products from TRWP to water; e) availability of chemical additives and transformation products from TRWP in sediment ecosystems. Mass concentrations and fractions of chemicals released or available from TRWP for the five lifecycle steps are used to estimate a) cumulative fraction of tread chemical(s) and transformation product(s) released to water, and b) cumulative fraction tread chemical(s) and transformation products(s) environmentally available.

  • Technical specification
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This document provides a framework for the characterization of physical and chemical properties of tyre and road wear particles (TRWP) using published analytical standards. It is applicable to laboratory-generated TRWP and TRWP collected in the environment. NOTE This framework focuses primarily on published ISO standards, but includes standards published by other entities such as ASTM and AFNOR. A brief summary and justification for each standard required to characterize the physical and chemical properties of interest are provided.

  • Technical specification
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This document specifies a method for the generation of tyre and road wear particles (TRWP) in a road simulator laboratory that is representative of actual driving conditions. Guidance is provided for the road simulator system, test pavement and tyres, vacuum collection system, monitoring, and reporting. This method is applicable for the collection of TRWP from a known pavement and tyre type under realistic driving conditions without the inference of road surface contaminants (i.e. brake dust, exhaust, grease, etc.). There is a possibility that this method is not relevant for studded tyres.

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This document gives guidelines by means of a framework and principles for establishing approaches and processes to: — identify, assess and revise methodologies; — develop methodologies; — manage methodologies. This document is applicable to climate actions to address climate change, including adaptation to its impacts and greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation in support of sustainability. Such actions can be used by or for projects, organizations, jurisdictions, economic sectors, technologies and products, policies, programmes and non-government activities. This document does not create guidance for a specific methodology.

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ISO/TR 27918:2018 is designed to be an information resource for the potential future development of a standard for overall risk management for CCS projects. The risks associated with any one stage of the CCS process (capture, transportation, or storage) are assumed to be covered by specific standard(s) within ISO/TC 265 and other national and/or international standards. For example, the risks associated with CO2 transport by pipelines are covered in ISO 27913. The scope of this document is intended to address more broadly applicable lifecycle risk management issues for integrated CCS projects. Specifically, the focus of this document is on risks that affect the overarching CCS project or risks that cut across capture, transportation, and storage affecting multiple stages. It needs to be noted that environmental risks, and risks to health and safety should be very low for CCS projects provided the project is carefully designed and executed. Risk identification and management is part of the due diligence process. A list of acronyms is included in Annex A. Clause 5 includes an analysis of how a CCS standard could address aspects of risk analysis that apply to all elements of the CCS chain, such as: - risk identification (identifying the source of risk, event, and target of impact)[1]; - risk evaluation and rating; - risk treatment; - risk management strategy and reporting. Clause 6 comprises an inventory of the overarching and crosscutting risks. These include issues such as: - environmental impact assessment; - risk communication and public engagement; - integration risks between capture, storage, and transportation operators, such as risk of non-conformance of CO2 stream to required specifications; - integration risks associated with shared infrastructure (hubs of sources, common pipelines, hubs of storage sites); - risks resulting from interruption or intermittency of CO2 supply and/or CO2 in-take; - risks associated with policy uncertainty; - incidental risks from activities related to the capture, transportation or storage processes without being specifically covered in the respective standards (e.g. management or disposal of water produced as a by-product of CO2 storage). Clause 7 describes implications and considerations for a potential standard on lifecycle risks for integrated CCS projects. [1]As defined in ISO 31000.

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ISO/TS 21396:2017 specifies a method for the determination of the soil or sediment mass concentration (μg/g) of tyre and road wear particles (TRWP) in environmental samples. ISO/TS 21396:2017 establishes principles for soil or sediment sample collection, the generation of pyrolysis fragments from the sample, and the quantification of the generated polymer fragments. The quantified polymer mass is used to calculate the concentration of TRWP in soil or sediment. These quantities are expressed on a TRWP basis, which includes the mass of tyre tread and mass of road wear encrustations, and can also be expressed on a tyre rubber polymer or tyre tread basis. NOTE Tyre and road wear particles are a discrete mass of elongated particles generated at the frictional interface between the tyre and roadway surface during the service life of a tyre. The particles consist of tyre tread enriched with mineral encrustations from the roadway surface.

  • Technical specification
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ISO 27917:2017 defines a list of cross-cutting terms commonly used in the field of carbon dioxide capture, transportation and geological sub-surface storage including through storage in association with enhanced oil recovery (EOR) operations. ISO 27917:2017 only deals with CO2 geological sub-surface storage. The terms are classified as follows: - general terms and definitions relating to carbon dioxide; - general terms and definitions relating to carbon dioxide capture, transportation and storage; - general terms and definitions relating to monitoring and measuring performance in carbon dioxide capture, transportation and geological storage; - general terms and definitions relating to risk; - general terms and definitions relating to relationships with stakeholders; A list of the main acronyms used is given in Annex A.

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Clause 1 is replaced with the following:
This European Technical Specification is intended to be used in conjunction with the WEEE Treatment Standard for photovoltaic panels, FprEN 50625-2-4 and Technical Specification for de-pollution - General CLC/TS 50625-3-1:2015.

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