Non-ducted air conditioners and heat pumps — Testing and rating for performance

ISO 5151:2017 specifies performance testing, the standard conditions and the test methods for determining the capacity and efficiency ratings of air-cooled air conditioners and air-to-air heat pumps. ISO 5151:2017 is applicable to the following equipment: - non-ducted air-cooled air conditioners and non-ducted air-to-air heat pumps; or - ducted air conditioners and/or ducted heat pumps rated at less than 8 kW and intended to operate at an external static pressure of less than 25 Pa. ISO 5151:2017 is limited to: - residential, commercial and industrial single-package and split-system air conditioners and heat pumps; - factory-made, electrically driven and use mechanical compression; - utilizing single, multiple and variable capacity components; - multiple split-system utilizing one or more refrigeration systems, one outdoor unit and one or more indoor units, controlled by a single thermostat/controller. The requirements of testing and rating contained in this document are based on the use of matched assemblies. ISO 5151:2017 is not applicable to the rating and testing of the following: a) water-source heat pumps or water cooled air conditioners; b) multi-split-system air conditioners and air-to-air heat pumps (follow ISO 15042 for the testing of such equipment); c) mobile (windowless) units having a condenser exhaust duct; d) individual assemblies not constituting a complete refrigeration system; e) equipment using the absorption refrigeration cycle; f) ducted equipment except for those specified in this clause (follow ISO 13253 for the testing of such equipment). ISO 5151:2017 does not cover the determination of seasonal efficiencies, which can be required in some countries because they provide a better indication of efficiency under actual operating conditions. NOTE Throughout this document, the terms "equipment" and "systems" mean "air conditioners" and/or "heat pumps".

Climatiseurs et pompes à chaleur non raccordés — Essais et détermination des caractéristiques de performance

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Status
Published
Publication Date
20-Jul-2017
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
21-Jul-2017
Completion Date
21-Jul-2017
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 5151
Third edition
2017-07
Non-ducted air conditioners and
heat pumps — Testing and rating for
performance
Climatiseurs et pompes à chaleur non raccordés — Essais et
détermination des caractéristiques de performance
Reference number
ISO 5151:2017(E)
ISO 2017
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 5151:2017(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2017, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

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ii © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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ISO 5151:2017(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Symbols .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5 Cooling tests .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

5.1 Cooling capacity test .......................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.1.1 General conditions ......................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.1.2 Temperature conditions ............................................................................................................................................ 8

5.1.3 Airflow conditions .......................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.1.4 Test conditions................................................................................................................................................................10

5.2 Maximum cooling performance test..................................................................................................................................11

5.2.1 General conditions ......................................................................................................................................................11

5.2.2 Temperature conditions .........................................................................................................................................11

5.2.3 Airflow conditions .......................................................................................................................................................11

5.2.4 Test conditions................................................................................................................................................................11

5.2.5 Performance requirements ..................................................................................................................................12

5.3 Minimum cooling, freeze-up air blockage and freeze-up drip performance tests ....................13

5.3.1 General conditions ......................................................................................................................................................13

5.3.2 Temperature conditions .........................................................................................................................................13

5.3.3 Airflow conditions .......................................................................................................................................................13

5.3.4 Test conditions................................................................................................................................................................13

5.3.5 Performance requirements ..................................................................................................................................13

5.4 Freeze-up drip performance test .........................................................................................................................................14

5.4.1 General conditions ......................................................................................................................................................14

5.4.2 Temperature conditions .........................................................................................................................................14

5.4.3 Airflow conditions .......................................................................................................................................................14

5.4.4 Performance requirements ..................................................................................................................................15

5.5 Condensate control and enclosure sweat performance test ........................................................................15

5.5.1 General conditions ......................................................................................................................................................15

5.5.2 Temperature conditions .........................................................................................................................................15

5.5.3 Airflow conditions .......................................................................................................................................................15

5.5.4 Test conditions................................................................................................................................................................15

5.5.5 Performance requirements ..................................................................................................................................15

6 Heating tests...........................................................................................................................................................................................................16

6.1 Heating capacity tests ....................................................................................................................................................................16

6.1.1 General conditions ......................................................................................................................................................16

6.1.2 Temperature conditions .........................................................................................................................................17

6.1.3 Airflow conditions .......................................................................................................................................................17

6.1.4 Defrost operation .........................................................................................................................................................18

6.1.5 Test procedure — General ....................................................................................................................................18

6.1.6 Preconditioning period ...........................................................................................................................................18

6.1.7 Equilibrium period .................. ......................................................................................................................... ...........18

6.1.8 Data collection period ..............................................................................................................................................18

6.1.9 Test procedure when a defrost cycle (whether automatically or manually

initiated) ends the preconditioning period ...........................................................................................19

6.1.10 Test procedure when a defrost cycle does not end the preconditioning period ...19

6.1.11 Test procedure for transient tests ..................................................................................................................20

6.1.12 Heating capacity test results .................. .............................................................................................................21

6.2 Maximum heating performance test .................................................................................................................................21

6.2.1 General conditions ......................................................................................................................................................21

6.2.2 Temperature conditions .........................................................................................................................................21

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ISO 5151:2017(E)

6.2.3 Airflow conditions .......................................................................................................................................................22

6.2.4 Test conditions................................................................................................................................................................22

6.3 Minimum heating performance test ..................................................................................................................................22

6.3.1 General conditions ......................................................................................................................................................22

6.3.2 Temperature conditions .........................................................................................................................................22

6.3.3 Airflow conditions .......................................................................................................................................................23

6.3.4 Test condition ..................................................................................................................................................................23

6.3.5 Performance requirements ..................................................................................................................................23

6.4 Automatic defrost performance test .................................................................................................................................23

6.4.1 General conditions ......................................................................................................................................................23

6.4.2 Temperature conditions .........................................................................................................................................23

6.4.3 Airflow conditions .......................................................................................................................................................23

6.4.4 Test conditions................................................................................................................................................................24

6.4.5 Performance requirements ..................................................................................................................................24

7 Test methods and uncertainties of measurements .......................................................................................................24

7.1 Test methods ..........................................................................................................................................................................................24

7.1.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................24

7.1.2 Calorimeter test method ........................................................................................................................................24

7.1.3 Indoor air enthalpy test method .....................................................................................................................24

7.1.4 Capacity tests ...................................................................................................................................................................25

7.2 Uncertainties of measurement ...............................................................................................................................................25

7.3 Test tolerances for steady-state cooling and heating tests ............................................................................26

7.4 Test tolerances for performance tests .............................................................................................................................27

8 Test results ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................27

8.1 Capacity results ...................................................................................................................................................................................27

8.1.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................27

8.1.2 Adjustments ......................................................................................................................................................................27

8.1.3 Cooling capacity calculations .............................................................................................................................28

8.1.4 Heating capacity calculations ............................................................................................................................28

8.2 Data to be recorded ..........................................................................................................................................................................29

8.3 Test report ................................................................................................................................................................................................29

8.3.1 General information ...................................................................................................................................................29

8.3.2 Capacity tests ...................................................................................................................................................................31

8.3.3 Performance tests ........................................................................................................................................................31

9 Marking provisions .........................................................................................................................................................................................32

9.1 Nameplate requirements ............................................................................................................................................................32

9.2 Nameplate information ................................................................................................................................................................32

9.3 Split systems ..........................................................................................................................................................................................32

10 Publication of ratings ...................................................................................................................................................................................33

10.1 Standard ratings .................................................................................................................................................................................33

10.2 Other ratings ..........................................................................................................................................................................................33

Annex A (normative) Test requirements ......................................................................................................................................................34

Annex B (informative) Airflow measurement ..........................................................................................................................................36

Annex C (normative) Calorimeter test method ......................................................................................................................................42

Annex D (normative) Indoor air enthalpy test method .................................................................................................................50

Annex E (informative) Refrigerant enthalpy test method ...........................................................................................................56

Annex F (informative) Outdoor air enthalpy test method ...........................................................................................................58

Annex G (informative) Indoor calorimeter confirmative test method ...........................................................................61

Annex H (informative) Outdoor calorimeter confirmative test method ......................................................................63

Annex I (informative) Balanced-type calorimeter confirmative test method ........................................................65

Annex J (informative) Cooling condensate measurements ........................................................................................................66

iv © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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ISO 5151:2017(E)

Annex K (informative) Pictorial examples of the heating capacity test procedures given in 6.1 .......67

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................74

© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved v
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ISO 5151:2017(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see the following

URL: w w w . i s o .org/ iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 86, Refrigeration and air-conditioning,

Subcommittee SC 6, Testing and rating of air-conditioners and heat pumps.

This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition (ISO 5151:2010), which has been technically

revised.
vi © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 5151:2017(E)
Non-ducted air conditioners and heat pumps — Testing
and rating for performance
1 Scope

This document specifies performance testing, the standard conditions and the test methods for

determining the capacity and efficiency ratings of air-cooled air conditioners and air-to-air heat pumps.

This document is applicable to the following equipment:

— non-ducted air-cooled air conditioners and non-ducted air-to-air heat pumps; or

— ducted air conditioners and/or ducted heat pumps rated at less than 8 kW and intended to operate

at an external static pressure of less than 25 Pa.
This document is limited to:

— residential, commercial and industrial single-package and split-system air conditioners and

heat pumps;
— factory-made, electrically driven and use mechanical compression;
— utilizing single, multiple and variable capacity components;

— multiple split-system utilizing one or more refrigeration systems, one outdoor unit and one or more

indoor units, controlled by a single thermostat/controller.

The requirements of testing and rating contained in this document are based on the use of matched

assemblies.
This document is not applicable to the rating and testing of the following:
a) water-source heat pumps or water cooled air conditioners;

b) multi-split-system air conditioners and air-to-air heat pumps (follow ISO 15042 for the testing of

such equipment);
c) mobile (windowless) units having a condenser exhaust duct;
d) individual assemblies not constituting a complete refrigeration system;
e) equipment using the absorption refrigeration cycle;

f) ducted equipment except for those specified in this clause (follow ISO 13253 for the testing of such

equipment).

This document does not cover the determination of seasonal efficiencies, which can be required in some

countries because they provide a better indication of efficiency under actual operating conditions.

NOTE Throughout this document, the terms “equipment” and “systems” mean “air conditioners” and/or

“heat pumps”.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO 5151:2017(E)
ISO 817, Refrigerants — Designation and safety classification

ISO/IEC Guide 98-3, Uncertainty of measurement — Part 3: Guide to the expression of uncertainty in

me a s ur ement (GUM: 1995)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http:// www .iso .org/ obp
3.1
non-ducted air conditioner

encased assembly or assemblies, designed primarily to provide free delivery of conditioned air to an

enclosed space, room or zone

Note 1 to entry: It can be either single-package or split-system and comprises a primary source of refrigeration

for cooling and dehumidification. It can also include means for heating other than a heat pump, as well as means

for circulating, cleaning, humidifying, ventilating or exhausting air. Such equipment can be provided in more

than one assembly, the separated assemblies (split-systems) of which are intended to be used together.

Note 2 to entry: An enclosed space, room or zone is known as a conditioned space.

3.2
non-ducted heat pump

encased assembly or assemblies designed primarily to provide free delivery of conditioned air to an

enclosed space, room or zone and includes a prime source of refrigeration for heating

Note 1 to entry: It can be constructed to remove heat from the conditioned space and discharge it to a heat sink

if cooling and dehumidification are desired from the same equipment. It can also include means for circulating,

cleaning, humidifying, ventilating or exhausting air. Such equipment can be provided in more than one assembly;

the separated assemblies (split-systems) of which are intended to be used together.

Note 2 to entry: An enclosed space, room or zone is known as a conditioned space.

3.3
standard air

dry air at 20 °C and at a standard barometric pressure of 101,325 kPa, having a mass density of

1,204 kg/m
3.4
indoor discharge airflow
rate of flow of air from the outlet of the equipment into the conditioned space
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.
3.5
indoor intake airflow
rate of flow of air into the equipment from the conditioned space
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.
3.6
ventilation airflow
rate of flow of air introduced to the conditioned space through the equipment
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.
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ISO 5151:2017(E)
3.7
outdoor discharge airflow
discharge rate of flow of air from the equipment
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.
3.8
intake outdoor airflow
rate of flow of air into the equipment from the outdoor-side
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.
3.9
exhaust airflow

rate of flow of air from the indoor-side through the equipment to the outdoor-side

Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.
3.10
leakage airflow

rate of flow of air interchanged between the indoor-side and outdoor-side through the equipment as a

result of its construction features and sealing techniques
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.
Note 2 to entry: This is not applicable for split system products.
3.11
bypassed indoor airflow

rate of flow of conditioned air directly from the indoor-side outlet to the indoor-side inlet of the

equipment
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.
3.12
bypassed outdoor airflow

rate of flow of air directly from the outdoor-side outlet to the outdoor-side inlet of the equipment

Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.
3.13
equalizer opening airflow

rate of flow of air through the equalizer opening in the partition wall of a calorimeter

Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.
3.14
total cooling capacity

amount of sensible and latent heat that the equipment can remove from the conditioned space in a

defined interval of time
Note 1 to entry: Total cooling capacity is expressed in units of watts.
3.15
heating capacity

amount of heat that the equipment can add to the conditioned space (but not including supplementary

heat) in a defined interval of time
Note 1 to entry: Heating capacity is expressed in units of watts.
© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved 3
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ISO 5151:2017(E)
3.16
latent cooling capacity
room dehumidifying capacity

amount of latent heat that the equipment can remove from the conditioned space in a defined

interval of time

Note 1 to entry: Latent cooling capacity and room dehumidifying capacity are expressed in units of watts.

3.17
sensible cooling capacity

amount of sensible heat that the equipment can remove from the conditioned space in a defined

interval of time
Note 1 to entry: Sensible cooling capacity is expressed in units of watts.
3.18
sensible heat ratio
SHR
ratio of the sensible cooling capacity to the total cooling capacity
3.19
rated voltage
voltage shown on the nameplate of the equipment
3.20
rated frequency
frequency shown on the nameplate of the equipment
3.21
energy efficiency ratio
EER

ratio of the total cooling capacity to the effective power input to the device at any given set of rating

conditions
Note 1 to entry: Where the EE
...

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