Rough-terrain trucks — Safety requirements and verification — Part 4: Additional requirements for variable-reach trucks handling freely suspended loads

ISO 10896-4:2015 specifies the additional safety requirements and means of verification for rough-terrain variable-reach trucks (hereafter referred to as trucks) fitted with a lifting attachment for handling suspended loads which can swing freely in one or more directions. It is applicable to trucks covered by ISO 10896‑1 and ISO 10896‑2. ISO 10896-4:2015 does not apply to: the lifting of suspended loads which by design of the load or the lifting attachments does not allow the load to swing freely in any direction; the handling of flexible intermediate bulk containers, as defined in ISO 21898, carried under the forks of the truck; any attachments/means used for lifting personnel; lifting accessories not included as part of the lifting attachment; freight container handling trucks. ISO 10896-4:2015 deals with significant hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events relevant to trucks handling a freely suspended load, when they are used as intended by the manufacturer. ISO 10896-4:2015 is not applicable to rough-terrain variable-reach trucks fitted with a lifting attachment for handling suspended loads manufactured before the date of its publication.

Chariots tout-terrain — Exigences de sécurité et vérification — Partie 4: Exigences additionnelles pour chariots à portée variable manipulant des charges suspendues à oscillation libre

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
05-Nov-2015
Current Stage
9092 - International Standard to be revised
Start Date
05-Nov-2018
Completion Date
05-Nov-2018
Ref Project

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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 10896-4
First edition
2015-11-01
Rough-terrain trucks — Safety
requirements and verification —
Part 4:
Additional requirements for
variable-reach trucks handling freely
suspended loads
Chariots tout-terrain — Exigences de sécurité et vérification —
Partie 4: Exigences additionnelles pour chariots à portée variable
manipulant des charges suspendues à oscillation libre
Reference number
ISO 10896-4:2015(E)
ISO 2015
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 10896-4:2015(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2015, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Ch. de Blandonnet 8 • CP 401
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 10896-4:2015(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Safety requirements and/or protective measures ............................................................................................................ 3

4.1 General requirements ....................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2 Mounting and fixing ............................................................................................................................................................................ 3

4.3 Design and strength ............................................................................................................................................................................ 4

4.3.1 Lifting attachment .......................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.3.2 Wire rope hoist attachments ................................................................................................................................. 4

4.4 Stability .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.4.1 Load chart for suspended load lifting attachment(s) ...................................................................... 5

5 Verification of the safety requirements and/or protective measures ..........................................................5

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.2 Tests for trucks fitted with lifting attachments........................................................................................................... 5

5.3 Static strength test ............................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.3.2 Test procedure ................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.3.3 Verification ............................................................................................................................................................................ 5

5.4 Dynamic structural tests ................................................................................................................................................................ 5

5.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.4.2 General test set up .......................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.4.3 Test procedure ................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.4.4 Verification ............................................................................................................................................................................ 6

5.5 Additional requirements for pick and carry .................................................................................................................. 7

5.5.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.5.2 Stability by test loading ........................................................................................................................................... ... 7

5.5.3 Requirements ..................................................................................................................................................................... 7

6 Information for use ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 7

6.1 Content requirements ....................................................................................................................................................................... 7

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

© ISO 2015 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 10896-4:2015(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical

Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 110, Industrial trucks, Subcommittee SC 4,

Rough-terrain trucks.

ISO 10896 consists of the following parts, under the general title Rough-terrain trucks — Safety

requirements and verification:
— Part 1: Variable-reach trucks
— Part 2: Slewing trucks

— Part 4: Additional requirements for variable-reach trucks handling freely suspended loads

— Part 5: Interface between rough-terrain truck and integrated personnel work platform

— Part 6: Tilting operator’s cabs
The following part is under preparation:
— Part 7: Longitudinal load moment systems

Additional user requirements for variable-reach trucks handling freely suspended loads are given

in ISO 11525-4.
iv © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 10896-4:2015(E)
Introduction

This International Standard is one of a set of standards produced by ISO/TC 110/SC 4 as part of its

program of work regarding standardization of terminology, general safety, performance and user

requirements for rough-terrain trucks (hereafter also referred to as trucks).
This document is a type C standard as stated in ISO 12100.

This document is of relevance, in particular, for the following stakeholder groups representing the

market players with regard to machinery safety:
— machine manufacturers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— health and safety bodies (regulators, accident prevention organisations, market surveillance, etc.).

Others can be affected by the level of machinery safety achieved with the means of the document by the

above-mentioned stakeholder groups:
— machine users/employers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— machine users/employees (e.g. trade unions, organizations for people with special needs);

— service providers, e.g. for maintenance (small, medium and large enterprises);
— consumers (in the case of machinery intended for use by consumers)

The above-mentioned stakeholder groups have been given the possibility to participate at the drafting

process of this document.

The machinery and systems concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations or

hazardous events are covered are indicated in the scope of this document.

When requirements of this type-C standard are different from those which are stated in type-A or

type-B standards, the requirements of this type-C standard take precedence over the requirements of

the other standards for machines that have been designed and built according to the requirements of

this type-C standard.
© ISO 2015 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 10896-4:2015(E)
Rough-terrain trucks — Safety requirements and
verification —
Part 4:
Additional requirements for variable-reach trucks
handling freely suspended loads
1 Scope

This part of ISO 10896 specifies the additional safety requirements and means of verification for rough-

terrain variable-reach trucks (hereafter referred to as trucks) fitted with a lifting attachment for

handling suspended loads which can swing freely in one or more directions. It is applicable to trucks

covered by ISO 10896-1 and ISO 10896-2.
This part of ISO 10896 does not apply to:

— the lifting of suspended loads which by design of the load or the lifting attachments does not allow

the load to swing freely in any direction;

— the handling of flexible intermediate bulk containers, as defined in ISO 21898, carried under the

forks of the truck;
— any attachments/means used for lifting personnel;
— lifting accessories not included as part of the lifting attachment;
— freight container handling trucks.

This part of ISO 10896 deals with significant hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events relevant

to trucks handling a freely suspended load, when they are used as intended by the manufacturer.

This part of ISO 10896 is not applicable to rough-terrain variable-reach trucks fitted with a lifting

attachment for handling suspended loads manufactured before the date of its publication.

2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 7000:2014, Graphical symbols for use on equipment — Registered symbols

ISO 10896-1:2012, Rough-terrain trucks — Safety requirements and verification — Part 1: Variable-reach

trucks

ISO 10896-2:— , Rough-terrain trucks — Safety requirements and verification — Part 2: Slewing

variable-reach trucks
ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery — General principles for design — Ri
...

DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD
ISO/DIS 10896-4
ISO/TC 110/SC 4 Secretariat: AFNOR
Voting begins on: Voting terminates on:
2014-02-17 2014-05-17
Rough-terrain trucks — Safety requirements and
verification —
Part 4:
Additional requirements for variable reach trucks
handling freely suspended loads
Chariots tout-terrain — Exigences de sécurité et vérification —

Partie 4: Exigences additionnelles pour chariots à portée variable manipulant des charges suspendues

ICS: 53.060
THIS DOCUMENT IS A DRAFT CIRCULATED
FOR COMMENT AND APPROVAL. IT IS
THEREFORE SUBJECT TO CHANGE AND MAY
NOT BE REFERRED TO AS AN INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD UNTIL PUBLISHED AS SUCH.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL,
TECHNOLOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND
USER PURPOSES, DRAFT INTERNATIONAL
STANDARDS MAY ON OCCASION HAVE TO
BE CONSIDERED IN THE LIGHT OF THEIR
POTENTIAL TO BECOME STANDARDS TO
WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
Reference number
NATIONAL REGULATIONS.
ISO/DIS 10896-4:2014(E)
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED
TO SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS,
NOTIFICATION OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT
RIGHTS OF WHICH THEY ARE AWARE AND TO
PROVIDE SUPPORTING DOCUMENTATION. ISO 2014
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 10896-4:2014(E)
Copyright notice

This ISO document is a Draft International Standard and is copyright-protected by ISO. Except as

permitted under the applicable laws of the user’s country, neither this ISO draft nor any extract

from it may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means,

electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior written permission being secured.

Requests for permission to reproduce should be addressed to either ISO at the address below or ISO’s

member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Reproduction may be subject to royalty payments or a licensing agreement.
Violators may be prosecuted.
ii © ISO 2014 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 10896-4
Contents Page

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................ iv

Introduction ......................................................................................................................................................... v

1 Scope ...................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................ 1

3 Terms and definitions ........................................................................................................................... 2

4 Safety requirements and/or protective measures .............................................................................. 3

4.1 General requirements ........................................................................................................................... 3

4.2 Mounting and fixing .............................................................................................................................. 3

4.3 Design and strength .............................................................................................................................. 3

4.3.1 Lifting attachment ................................................................................................................................. 3

4.3.2 Wire rope hoist attachments ................................................................................................................ 3

4.4 Stability ................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.4.1 Load chart for suspended load lifting attachment(s) ........................................................................ 4

4.4.2 Additional requirement for trucks fitted with hoists .......................................................................... 4

4.4.3 Additional requirements when travelling / pick and carry ................................................................ 4

5 Verification of the safety requirements and/or protective measures .............................................. 5

5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.2 Tests for trucks fitted with lifting attachments .................................................................................. 6

5.3 Static strength test ................................................................................................................................ 6

5.3.1 General ................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.3.2 Test Procedure ...................................................................................................................................... 6

5.3.3 Verification ............................................................................................................................................. 6

5.4 Dynamic structural and longitudinal stability tests ........................................................................... 6

5.4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.4.2 General test set up ................................................................................................................................ 6

5.4.3 Test procedure ....................................................................................................................................... 7

5.4.4 Verification ............................................................................................................................................. 7

6 Information for use ................................................................................................................................ 8

6.1 Content requirements ........................................................................................................................... 8

Bibliography ........................................................................................................................................................ 9

© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 10896-4
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 10896-4 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 110, Industrial trucks, Subcommittee SC 4,

Rough-

ISO 10896 consists of the following parts, under the general title Rough-terrain trucks — Safety requirements

and verification:
 Part 1: Variable-reach trucks
 Part 2: Slewing variable-reach trucks
 Part 3: Lorry-mounted trucks

 Part 4: Additional requirements for variable reach trucks handling freely suspended loads

 Part 5: Interface between rough-terrain truck and integrated personnel work platform

 Part 6: Elevating/tilting operator's station
 Part 7: Longitudinal load moment systems
NOTE Users requirements for freely suspended loads are given in ISO 11525-4.
iv © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 10896-4
Introduction

This International Standard is one of a set of standards produced by ISO/TC 110/SC 4 as part of its program

of work regarding standardization of terminology, general safety, performance and user requirements for

rough-terrain trucks (hereafter also referred to as trucks).
This document is a type C standard as stated in ISO 12100.

This document is of relevance, in particular, for the following stakeholder groups representing the market

players with regard to machinery safety:
— machine manufacturers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— health and safety bodies (regulators, accident prevention organisations, market surveillance, etc.).

Others can be affected by the level of machinery safety achieved with the means of the document by the

above-mentioned stakeholder groups:
— machine users/employers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— machine users/employees (e.g. trade unions, organizations for people with special needs);

— service providers, e.g. for maintenance (small, medium and large enterprises);
— consumers (in the case of machinery intended for use by consumers)

The above-mentioned stakeholder groups have been given the possibility to participate at the drafting process

of this document.

The machinery and systems concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous

events are covered are indicated in the Scope of this document.

When requirements of this type-C standard are different from those which are stated in type-A or -B standards,

the requirements of this type-C standard take precedence over the requirements of the other standards for

machines that have been designed and built according to the requirements of this type-C standard.

© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/DIS 10896-4
Rough-terrain trucks — Safety requirements and verification —
Part 4: Additional requirements for variable reach trucks
handling freely suspended loads
1 Scope

This document specifies the additional safety requirements and means of verification for rough-terrain variable

reach trucks (hereafter referred to as trucks) fitted with a lifting attachment for handling suspended loads

which could swing freely in one or more directions. It is applicable to trucks covered by ISO 10896-1 and ISO

10896-2.
This standard does not apply to:

 the lifting of suspended loads which by design of the load or the load handling means does not allow the

load to swing freely in any direction (e.g. flexible intermediate bulk containers as defined in ISO 21898

carried beneath the forks of the truck);
 any attachments/means used for lifting personnel;
 the lifting accessories not included as part of the lifting attachment;
 the freight container handling trucks.

This document deals with significant hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events relevant to trucks

with a freely suspended load, when they are used as intended by the manufacturer.

This document is not applicable to rough-terrain variable reach trucks fitted with a lifting attachment for

handling suspended loads manufactured before the date of its publication.
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 10896-1:2012, Rough-terrain trucks - Safety requirements and verification - Part 1: Variable-reach trucks

ISO/CD 10896-2 Rough-terrain trucks - Safety requirements and verification - Part 2: Slewing variable-

reach trucks

ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery — General principles for design – Risk assessment and risk reduction

ISO 22915-10:2008 Industrial trucks -- Verification of stability -- Part 10: Additional stability test for trucks

operating in the special condition of stacking with load laterally displaced by powered devices

ISO 22915-14:2010, Industrial trucks - Verifi
...

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