Document imaging applications -- Recommendations for the creation of original documents

ISO 10196:2003 provides guidance on the creation of printed documents so that they may be easily reproduced as microforms or scanned images. Although studies were based more specifically on the Latin alphabet, the general principles may be used as guidelines for the production of documents using other alphabets or ideograms. ISO 10196:2003 does not apply to technical drawings for which requirements are given in ISO 5457 and ISO 6428. It also does not apply to special micrographics or scanning-related applications (scanning of bank cheques or bar codes).

Applications en imagerie documentaire -- Recommandations pour la création des documents originaux

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Status
Published
Publication Date
05-Mar-2003
Current Stage
9060 - Close of review
Start Date
03-Sep-2020
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 10196
Second edition
2003-03-01
Document imaging applications —
Recommendations for the creation of
original documents
Applications en imagerie documentaire — Recommandations pour la
création des documents originaux
Reference number
ISO 10196:2003(E)
ISO 2003
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ISO 10196:2003(E)
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© ISO 2003

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electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or

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ii © ISO 2003 — All rights reserved
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ISO 10196:2003(E)
Contents Page

Foreword............................................................................................................................................................ iv

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ v

1 Scope...................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Normative references........................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions........................................................................................................................... 2

4 Physical characteristics of the paper ................................................................................................. 3

4.1 Sizes....................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2 Quality of paper..................................................................................................................................... 3

4.3 Colour of paper ..................................................................................................................................... 3

4.4 Translucent paper................................................................................................................................. 3

5 Printing characteristics........................................................................................................................ 3

5.1 Colour of print ....................................................................................................................................... 3

5.2 Choice of a character font.................................................................................................................... 4

5.3 Line space.............................................................................................................................................. 5

5.4 Contrast.................................................................................................................................................. 5

5.5 Print quality........................................................................................................................................... 5

5.6 Reversed print....................................................................................................................................... 5

5.7 Background tint..................................................................................................................................... 5

6 Presentation of the texts ...................................................................................................................... 6

6.1 Text arrangement.................................................................................................................................. 6

6.2 Margins................................................................................................................................................... 6

7 Information specific to scanning......................................................................................................... 6

7.1 Bar code................................................................................................................................................. 6

7.2 Continuous-tone photographs............................................................................................................ 6

7.3 Raster..................................................................................................................................................... 6

7.4 Drawings, graphics, open areas.......................................................................................................... 6

7.5 Zones to be filled in manually.............................................................................................................. 6

Annex A (informative) Method for evaluating the opacity of paper............................................................... 7

Annex B (informative) Optical class of characters.......................................................................................... 8

Annex C (informative) Quality index............................................................................................................... 10

Annex D (informative) Recommended minimal font dimensions for scanning ......................................... 11

Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 12

© ISO 2003 — All rights reserved iii
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ISO 10196:2003(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 10196 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 171, Document imaging applications,

Subcommittee SC 2, Application issues.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 10196:1990), which has been technically

revised.
iv © ISO 2003 — All rights reserved
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ISO 10196:2003(E)
Introduction

The expanding use of modern means for managing, conserving, safeguarding and exchanging documents

requires the creation of original documents of high quality. At the time of its creation, it is not always known

whether a document will be microfilmed or scanned. The requirements of this International Standard should

be taken into account in the preparation of any document, to ensure that the document is of a quality that will

reproduce well in case it has to be microfilmed or scanned.

These recommendations should be part of the current practice of companies, in particular concerning the

creation and duplication of documents.

The quality of the original document has a direct effect upon the quality of a microimage or of a scanned

image. Recording operations carried out therefore greatly depend on certain characteristics of the original

document, which are essential for the production of quality reproduction.

The progress made in the field of micrographics leads to the use of increasingly greater reduction ratios,

which correspondingly makes the creation of originals more important.

Likewise for scanning, the existence of high-performance equipment also leads to creating quality originals. In

addition, the increasing frequent use of optical character or image-recognition techniques (OCR or ICR),

demands that the text be legible in order to be efficacious.
© ISO 2003 — All rights reserved v
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 10196:2003(E)
Document imaging applications — Recommendations for the
creation of original documents
1 Scope

This International Standard provides guidance on the creation of printed documents so that they may be easily

reproduced as microforms or scanned images.

Although studies were based more specifically on the Latin alphabet, the general principles may be used as

guidelines for the production of documents using other alphabets or ideograms.

This International Standard does not apply to technical drawings for which requirements are given in ISO 5457

and ISO 6428. It also does not apply to special micrographics or scanning-related applications (scanning of

bank cheques or bar codes).
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.
ISO 5-3:1995, Photography — Density measurements — Part 3: Spectral conditions

ISO 5-4:1995, Photography — Density measurements — Part 4: Geometric conditions for reflection density

ISO 216:— , Writing paper and certain classes of printed matter — Trimmed sizes — A and B series

ISO 2470:1999, Paper, board and pulps — Measurement of diffuse blue reflectance factor (ISO brightness)

ISO 6196-1:1993, Micrographics — Vocabulary — Part 1: General terms

ISO 6196-2:1993, Micrographics — Vocabulary — Part 2: Image positions and methods of recording

ISO 6196-3:1997, Micrographics — Vocabulary — Part 3: Film processing
ISO 6196-4:1998, Micrographics — Vocabulary — Part 4: Materials and packaging

ISO 6196-5:1987, Micrographics — Vocabulary — Part 5: Quality of images, legibility, inspection

ISO 6196-6:1992, Micrographics — Vocabulary — Part 6: Equipment
ISO 12651:1999, Electronic imaging — Vocabulary
1) To be published. (Revision of ISO 216:1975)
© ISO 2003 — All rights reserved 1
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ISO 10196:2003(E)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 6196 and ISO 12651 and the

following apply.
3.1
basic detail

smallest element, whether black or white, necessary for the recognition of an individual character (see

Figure 1)

EXAMPLE width of the stroke (in particular of the upstroke), space within a symbol, separation between symbols.

Black detail White detail
Figure 1 — Example of a basic detail
3.2
document
combination of a medium and the information recorded on or in it

NOTE In this International Standard, "document" means visually readable, typewritten or handwritten texts, and

illustrations.
3.3
character font

set of characters of the same style, weight and size, in sufficient quantity to enable typographic composition

NOTE A font is characterized by its type-face family and size e.g. Univers 55, size 2,13 mm.

3.4
optical class

number, representative of the geometrical design of a type of character, used for calculating its legibility and

reproducibility limits
3.5
object-image ratio

relationship between the dimensions of the object and the corresponding dimensions of the image

EXAMPLES source document/microimage; source document/image on the screen; screen image/image reproduced

on paper
2 © ISO 2003 — All rights reserved
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ISO 10196:2003(E)
3.6
off-format document
oversized document

documents of which the length or width, or both, are greater than the format which can be scanned by the

scanner or microfilmed by the camera
4 Physical charac
...

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