This document specifies the minimum requirements necessary to maintain the authenticity, integrity and readability of documents managed by an electronic document management system. Clarifying the methods and procedures for appropriately handling electronic documents promotes the usability of the documents, in both a legal and business context. This document expresses a general business process as a document handling process. The document handling processes include receiving, processing and delivering the documents as follows: —   approving the receipt of a document in a manner that is appropriate for a work process; —   storing the formal document in the work process environment; —   delivery of the document to another organization. This document establishes the controls for execution of the work processes while maintaining the authenticity and integrity of the document received. This document establishes the policies for the storage of documents used as part of the work process. It also details the controls for performing the receipt and conversion process appropriately.

  • Standard
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  • Draft
    15 pages
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This document specifies visual diffuse transmission densities for second generation silver-gelatin and diazo microforms and projection densities for second generation vesicular microforms. It also specifies methods of measurement. It does not apply to duplicates of microforms of technical drawings and other drawing office documents.

  • Standard
    3 pages
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This document gives guidelines for a set of procedures and activities to be considered and/or performed by organizations when planning, designing and implementing various enterprise content management (ECM) technologies. The aspects or project phases range from initial business analysis through to vendor/integrator selection and technology implementation. The implementation of processes to manage electronically stored information (ESI) requires significant participation from the affected business units, if the content is stored and managed when created/received and controlled through the information life cycle following organizational policies and/or records retention and control policies are applied. As these efforts require multiple people with different disciplines, including technical teams, records managers and organizational management, this document has been prepared taking those perspectives into account. This document is applicable to both in-house and outsourced systems, including cloud solutions. It can also be useful when dealing with specialized business systems. The term "enterprise content management (ECM)" (or "document management") used throughout this document is intended as an all-encompassing term referring to capture technologies [scanning, indexing, optical character recognition (OCR), forms, digital creation, etc.], management technologies (document services, workflow and other work management tools), and storage [primarily non-alterable or write once read many (WORM) technologies]. This document provides information to users related to the technical reports, guidelines and standards that have been developed for technologies commonly available in ECM systems. This document is not intended to be an all-inclusive paper on electronic document or content management and does not attempt to influence any single technology or provide legal guidance or legal opinions. While there are storage technologies other than optical/magnetic currently available (i.e. microfilm, microfiche and hybrid storage systems) that are not included in this document, those technologies can be reviewed if determined to be appropriate by the end-user organization.

  • Technical report
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This document specifies a set of technical specifications and organizational policies to be implemented for the capture, storage and access of electronic documents. This ensures legibility, integrity and traceability of the documents for the duration of their preservation. This document is applicable to electronic documents resulting from: - the scanning of original paper or microform documents; - the conversion of analogue audio or video content; - the "native" creation by an information system application; - other sources that create digital content such as two- or three- dimensional maps, drawings or designs, digital audio/video and digital medical images. This document is not applicable to information systems in which users have the ability to substitute or alter documents after capture. This document is intended for the following users. a) Organizations implementing information systems in which: electronic documents created from scan captures are kept in an environment that ensures fidelity with regard to the original and long-term preservation; digitally born documents are kept in an environment that ensures the content integrity of the information and document legibility; traceability is ensured for all operations relating to the electronic documents. b) Organizations providing information technology services and software publishers seeking to develop information systems that ensure the fidelity and integrity of electronic documents. c) Organizations providing third-party document archiving services.

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    40 pages
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ISO/IEC 12034-1:2017 is Part 1 of a series of documents that specify a general-purpose format for the storage and/or communication of information in bulk form. The format is named the Archive eXchange Format (AXF). The format described is intended both for interchange between systems and to serve as a native format within systems. ISO/IEC 12034-1:2017 identifies two major categories of data storage media and specifies the basic structures of data stored on those Storage Media Types. It specifies a number of structural elements for use in constructing the appropriate structures for use on each of the Storage Media Types. It defines the semantics of data contained within fields specified for use in the structural elements. The structural elements themselves are documents coded in the eXtensible Markup Language (XML), and this document defines an XML Schema Description (XSD) file for use in formulating the XML documents to be used for the structural elements of AXF Objects.

  • Standard
    101 pages
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ISO 11506:2017 specifies techniques for archiving electronic data to ensure their long-term integrity, accessibility, usability, readability and reliability, in order to protect the evidential value of the data. In ISO 11506:2017, long term is considered to be a period of time lasting more than a century (see ISO 18911). Black-and-white microforms processed with liquid chemicals are used in ISO 11506:2017 because the result is always an irreversible record and because of the proven quality of microforms as a long-term preservation media. ISO 11506:2017 also specifies procedures for the parallel recording, by a single production unit, of COM and COLD output from the same data. It applies to many different types of electronic data, such as text and two-dimensional graphic data which can be represented as a black-and-white image. It is not applicable to the following: - animated images or sounds; - three-dimensional images; - images in shades of grey or in colour; - X-ray images. Neither is ISO 11506:2017 applicable to microforms created from dry thermal processes, since they offer insufficient guarantees in terms of irreversibility and longevity.

  • Standard
    33 pages
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ISO 22938:2017 defines the interchange format for content/document management (CDM) data and all associated resources.

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    13 pages
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ISO/TR 15801:2017 describes the implementation and operation of information management systems that store and make available for use electronically stored information (ESI) in a trustworthy and reliable manner. Such ESI can be of any type, including "page based" information, information in databases and audio/video information. ISO/TR 15801:2017 is for use by any organization that uses systems to store trustworthy ESI over time. Such systems incorporate policies, procedures, technology and audit requirements that ensure that trustworthiness of the ESI is maintained. ISO/TR 15801:2017 does not cover processes used to evaluate whether ESI can be considered to be trustworthy prior to it being stored or imported into the system. However, it can be used to demonstrate that, once the electronic information is stored, output from the system will be a true and accurate reproduction of the ESI created and/or imported.

  • Technical report
    44 pages
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IEC TR 63020:2016(E) provides information related to digital sheet music. It starts with a brief overview of the sheet music market and then explains the use cases for traditional sheet music as well as additional use cases for digitized sheet music (digital sheet music). Finally, it shows examples of each area of technology areas.

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    13 pages
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ISO 18565:2015 specifies the AFP document architecture by defining a subset appropriate for long-term preservation and retrieval. This subset will avoid ambiguity by assuring page independence and eliminating the use of resolution dependent fonts and images, device default fonts and external resources.

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    35 pages
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ISO/TR 18159:2015 provides information about environmental laws and regulations that can affect microfilm processing laboratories. These laws and regulations control the following microfilm processing activities: - storage and disposal of effluents; - storage and disposal of hazardous waste, employee safety training; - notification of the public regarding hazardous waste incidents. NOTE This Technical Report includes in an Annex, for information purposes, a discussion of The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Guidance Manual on the Development and Implementation of Local Discharge Limitations Under Pretreatment Programme and that guidance manual's relationship with state and local requirements in the United States. Also included in this Technical Report are examples of typical discharge limitations.

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ISO 12651-2:2014 defines terms and concepts relevant to electronic document workflow management. It is intended to facilitate communication in the field of electronic document management and translation of the terms and concepts it contains into other languages. It identifies the terminology used to describe the concepts and general structure of a workflow management system for electronic images and other electronic documents, its major functional components, and their interfaces. It also provides a list of synonyms variously used within the industry as alternative terms to the preferred terminology

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    9 pages
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  • Standard
    9 pages
    French language
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ISO/TR 17797:2014 gives guidelines on a selection of the most appropriate storage media for use in long-term electronic storage solutions. It includes a discussion on magnetic, optical, and electronic storage.

  • Technical report
    26 pages
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ISO/TR 18160:2014 recommends test methods for evaluating the consistency of the digital images recorded onto black and white silver microfilm using input from both digitally born documents as well as digital documents created from document scanners. Quality control procedures to be used for optimizing and maintaining output quality onto film over time are described. ISO/TR 18160:2014 stresses the use of both commercial and ISO approved standard test targets. The test methods are based on the visual examination of the output of office document scanners and digitally born test targets on film image recorders. It is applicable to assessing the output quality of document scanners used in the office and film image recorders used to record the resultant scanned images to microfilm. Microforms can be any common formats including 16 mm, 35 mm, and 105 mm roll microfilm, as well as microfiche depending on the film image recorder capability.

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    9 pages
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ISO 12653-3:2014 specifies a test target for assessing the consistency of the output quality over time from lower resolution reflection scanning systems. It is applicable to assessing the output quality of black-and-white and colour scanners used for black-and-white or colour office documents, with or without half tone.

  • Standard
    20 pages
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ISO 12651-1:2012 defines terms and concepts relevant to electronic document management. It is intended to facilitate communication in the field of electronic document management and translation of the terms it contains into other languages. The term "electronic document management" used throughout ISO 12651-1:2012 is intended as an all-encompassing term referring to inputting technologies, management technologies and storage technologies.

  • Standard
    18 pages
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ISO 12029:2010 specifies requirements concerning the design of forms for user friendliness, with optimal machine readability for processing by electronic document management systems (EDMS). These requirements are limited to forms using roman characters.

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    17 pages
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ISO/TR 12033:2009 gives information to enable a user or electronic image management (EIM) integrator to make an informed decision on selecting compression methods for digital images of business documents. It provides technical guidance to analyse the type of documents and which compression methods are most suitable for particular documents in order to optimize their storage and use. For the user, ISO/TR 12033:2009 provides information on image compression methods incorporated in hardware or software in order to help the user during the selection of equipment in which the methods are embedded. For the equipment or software designer, ISO/TR 12033:2009 provides planning information. ISO/TR 12033:2009 is applicable only to still images in bit map mode. It only takes into account compression algorithms based on well-tested mathematical work.

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    15 pages
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ISO 29861:2009 specifies test methods for evaluating the consistency of the colour output quality over time from the colour reflection scanning of office documents. It is applicable to assessing the output quality of colour scanners used in the office. It is particularly applicable where office documents containing half-tone and/or continuous tone colour areas are being scanned. The test methods do not require specialist equipment that is not normally available in the office for the evaluation of the results. The test methods are based on the visual examination of the output of an office document scanner in comparison to the original test target. It is not applicable to black-and-white only scanners or scanners used for the scanning of transparent or translucent documents. ISO 29861:2009 is to be used in conjunction with ISO 12653, which specifies a test method for the evaluation of the quality of output from black-and-white office document scanners.

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    5 pages
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ISO 23868:2008 specifies test methods to determine the quality of data on recorded media and provides specifications enabling end-user organizations to monitor data quality and ongoing conformance with the error limits required for its class identified by the manufacturer of the drive/media. ISO 23868:2008 defines error rate monitoring capabilities and procedures associated with 130 mm optical media while being used in a production environment to ensure that data is still readable throughout the expected life of the media.

  • Standard
    7 pages
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ISO 24537:2007 covers the essential dimensions of lightweight reels, made of plastic or metal, used for the storage and retrieval of processed 16 mm and 35 mm microfilm that is used in manually threaded equipment. Reels intended for use in 16 mm automated retrieval systems are outside the scope of ISO 24537:2007. The dimensions of these reels are specified in ISO 7761. Camera spools are also frequently used for storing processed microfilm. The dimensions of these spools are outside the scope of ISO 24537:2007, but they are specified in ISO 6148.

  • Standard
    5 pages
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ISO 10594:2006 specifies a test target and a method for checking the optical and mechanical performances of rotary cameras used for producing 16 mm microfilm. This test target and method can be used for evaluating the performance of cameras (e.g. before purchase to establish initial reference), acceptance tests (e.g. confirming purchase specifications after maintenance), and routine checking (e.g. weekly or monthly). NOTE The characteristics of a rotary camera are also indicated.

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    10 pages
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ISO 3334:2006 specifies a method of determining resolution by measuring the minimum size of detail recognizable in a processed microform. It describes the test patterns and ISO resolution test chart No. 2, and gives the method of expressing resolving power. ISO resolution test chart No. 2 is designed for use as part of a test target, as required in other International Standards for micrographics. ISO 3334:2006 applies to the determination of the resolving power of a camera, film and processing combination used in a microfilming system or the resolution achieved in microforms therefrom. In this form it does not apply to the determination of the resolving power of microform readers, reader-printers or computer output microform (COM) imaging systems.

  • Standard
    8 pages
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ISO/TR 18492:2005 provides practical methodological guidance for the long-term preservation and retrieval of authentic electronic document-based information, when the retention period exceeds the expected life of the technology (hardware and software) used to create and maintain the information. It takes into account the role of technology-neutral information technology standards in supporting long-term access. This guidance also acknowledges that ensuring the long-term preservation and retrieval of authentic electronic document-based information should involve IT specialists, document managers, records managers and archivists. ISO/TR 18492:2005 does not cover processes for the creation, capture and classification of authentic electronic document-based information. This Technical Report applies to all forms of information generated by information systems and saved as evidence of business transactions and activities.

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    18 pages
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ISO 11142:2005 applies the exposure technique to the preparation of line originals and test charts, to their exposure on film including the necessary test originals and to the evaluation of test exposures on colour microfilm. In addition, ISO 11142:2005 applies to the exposure technique and the evaluation of available continuous-tone originals, ready to be microfilmed. ISO 11142:2005 is intended to contribute to a reproducible colour rendition with respect to the original. As far as process control is concerned, the film manufacturer's recommendation should be observed. ISO 11142:2005 does not take into account the influences of projection characteristics of microfilm readers on the subjective impression of projected colour microfilms.

  • Standard
    14 pages
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ISO 6199:2005 specifies procedures that enable a camera operator to produce microfilm of appropriate quality of presentation and legibility, capable of yielding scanned images of acceptable quality. ISO 6199:2005 specifies methods for microfilming documents on 16 mm and 35 mm silver-gelatin microfilm, including orientation of images on microfilm, use of non-image areas and information required to facilitate identification of the microfilm. ISO 6199:2005 applies to microfilming using rotary and planetary cameras. This International Standard does not apply to the filming of technical drawings, maps and plans and newspapers, for which specific International Standards exist.

  • Standard
    19 pages
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ISO 4087:2005 establishes general principles for microfilming printed newspapers for preservation and distribution to libraries and other documentation services. It includes requirements for targets to ensure proper bibliographic control and to verify that the film meets the requirements of International Standards applied to archival microfilming. ISO 4087:2005 is applicable only to unperforated silver microfilms that are 35 mm wide, in rolls or strips, whether first-generation (camera negatives), intermediate or distribution copies.

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    14 pages
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ISO 7761:2004 specifies the dimensions of, and gives guidance on, the physical and performance characteristics of cartridges used for storing and viewing active-use 16 mm microfilm. It includes physical and optical compatibility requirements as well as test procedures. ISO 7761:2004 does not apply to cartridges used for storing microfilm for archival purposes.

  • Standard
    20 pages
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ISO 446:2004 specifies the characteristics of the black and white ISO character and of the ISO test chart No. 1, as well as their use. It applies to the quality control of the microimages produced with a given micrographic system and the assessment of the potential legibility of the documents recorded using that system.

  • Standard
    7 pages
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ISO 9848:2003 specifies a method for determining the ISO speed and ISO average gradient of black-and-white camera negative photographic films used for first generation microfilming of source documents at exposure times typically found with tungsten sources. These source documents include any handwritten or printed alphanumeric and line documents such as books, periodicals, business correspondence, and engineering drawings. The value-rating system described in this ISO 9848:2003 is only useful to the consumer if his exposure illumination is from an incandescent tungsten source. It is not intended to include pictorial or continuous tone reproduction, computer output microfilm (COM), reversal processed or direct positive films or other films exposed by non-tungsten sources such as laser or cathode ray tube. The ISO speed and ISO average gradient values obtained by applying this ISO 9848:2003 are intended for practical use in comparing film/process combinations and for computing exposures.

  • Standard
    9 pages
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ISO 6342:2003 specifies a method of measuring the thickness of the buildup area on aperture cards (camera and copy cards) for manufacturing and inspection purposes.

  • Standard
    3 pages
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this standard is applicable to the encoding, editing and communication of relative scene radiance, wide dynamic range, extended colour gamut, and extended bit precision RGB colours as a colour space used in computer systems and similar applications by defining encoding transformations.

  • Standard
    21 pages
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ISO 3272-1:2003 specifies reduction ratios, enlargement ratios, sizes of enlargement and the resulting image sizes for recording on 35 mm unperforated microfilm technical drawings and other drawing office documents, such as architects' plans, calculation notes, specifications, vocabularies and parts lists. ISO 3272-1:2003 applies to the microfilming of documents no larger than A0 with dark lines and characters on a light background, preferably prepared in accordance with ISO 5457 and ISO 6428. It may also apply to sizes other than those specified in ISO 5457, provided they are no larger than 912 mm x 1 230 mm and can be accommodated within a single frame of 35 mm microfilm, as specified in ISO 3272-1:2003. ISO 3272-1:2003 does not apply to images created by a COM device.

  • Standard
    7 pages
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ISO 10196:2003 provides guidance on the creation of printed documents so that they may be easily reproduced as microforms or scanned images. Although studies were based more specifically on the Latin alphabet, the general principles may be used as guidelines for the production of documents using other alphabets or ideograms. ISO 10196:2003 does not apply to technical drawings for which requirements are given in ISO 5457 and ISO 6428. It also does not apply to special micrographics or scanning-related applications (scanning of bank cheques or bar codes).

  • Standard
    12 pages
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IEC 61966-2-2:2003 is applicable to the encoding, editing and communication of relative scene radiance, wide dynamic range, extended colour gamut, and extended bit precision RGB colours as a colour space used in computer systems and similar applications by defining encoding transformations. Primaries and white point values of the colour space defined in this standard are identical to CIE chromaticities for ITU-R BT.709-5 reference primaries and CIE standard illuminant D65 as its white point. The scRGB colour space is an extension of sRGB and it is considered compatible with sRGB. This bilingual version (2013-02) corresponds to the monolingual English version, published in 2003-01.

  • Standard
    34 pages
    English and French language
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Scope This International Standard specifies the location, size, and density of single-size image marks and small, medium, and large image marks recorded on 16 mm and 35 mm microfilm for use in image-mark retrieval systems. It applies to 16 mm and 35 mm microfilm used in a retrieval system, regardless of the method and equipment used to generate the original or duplicate microfilm.

  • Standard
    4 pages
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Migrated from Progress Sheet (TC Comment) (2000-07-10): Transferred from WI CSI03058 (P. Pieters 97-03)

  • Standard
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This part of ISO 14648 specifies the characteristics of a software test target that is electronically generated, to be used in COM recorder systems that can accept electronic forms. The components have been designed to check or test certain capabilities of the COM recorder system in order to enable image quality to be assessed and maintained. The recording method (i.e. laser scanner, cathode ray tube, light emitting diode, etc.) is not relevant in establishing the software test target components.

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    6 pages
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This part of ISO 14648 specifies methods for using the software test targets specified in ISO 14648-1.

  • Standard
    7 pages
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This part of ISO 3272 specifies the technical characteristics of tab size aperture cards, data processing type, in which the aperture does or does not contain raw microfilm. It covers tape-type and jacket-type aperture cards, including camera cards. This part of ISO 3272 does not apply to A6 aperture cards.

  • Standard
    6 pages
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This International Standard specifies the type, dimensions, and positions of the coding on aperture cards that comply with ISO 3272-3. This International Standard is applicable to OCR characters, bar codes, Hollerith, and printed Hollerith codes. It is not applicable to compressed bar codes.

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    6 pages
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This International Standard provides specifications for _ dimensions (thickness, width, length) of raw stock roll and sheet films for micrographic applications, including silver-gelatin, diazo, and vesicular films, designed for document recording, computer output microfilming (COM), and duplicating or printing. These products require wet chemical, vapour, or heat processing after an image-forming exposure with actinic radiation; _ winding requirements for roll films; _ location and width of the heading area for 105 mm wide rolls and sheets, and the width and thickness of the backing of that area; _ dimensions of spools, made either of metal or plastic, for 16 mm, 35 mm, and 105 mm microfilms; other spool materials are excluded, as well as spools that are integral components of cartridges, cassettes or magazines of microfilm-recording equipment; _ dimensions of plastic and metal cores of 16 mm, 35 mm, and 105 mm widths. Dimensions for thin-walled paper-board cores with wall thickness of 7,6 mm or less, used routinely for sensitized duplicating material, are not included in this International Standard. This International Standard is not applicable to processed-film dimensions in micrographic applications.

  • Standard
    16 pages
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This standard specifies the deviations from ISO 2707 necessary for aerospace application. It shall be applied for filming documents on 150 mm microfilm (A6 microfiche) to ensure uniform presentation of the microform for the exchange of information in the aerospace industry.

  • Standard
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This standard specifies the aperture card for 35 mm microfilm and the column allocation and data entry of the control and identification characteristics for areospace using card code A (see clause 4).

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This standard specifies the deviations from ISO 5126 necessary for aerospace application. It shall be applied for filming data (e.g. alpha-numeric data processing output) on A6 microfiche in order to ensure uniform presentation of the microform for the exchange of information in the aerospace industry.

  • Standard
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This standard specifies the requirements to be met in the filming of documents on 16 mm film and preparation to ensure uniform presentation of the microform for the exchange of information in the aerospace industry.

  • Standard
    8 pages
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This part of ISO 12653 specifies test methods for evaluating the consistency of the output quality over time from the black-and-white reflection scanning of office documents using the test target specified in ISO 12653-1 and other targets. It is applicable to assessing the output quality of black-and-white scanners used for black-and-white or colour office documents, with or without half-tone or colour. It does not apply to colour scanners or scanners used for the scanning of transparent or translucent documents.

  • Standard
    20 pages
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This part of ISO 12653 specifies a test target for use in assessing the consistency of quality of performance over time of flat-bed and rotary black-and-white reflection scanners used in electronic image management systems. The test target is designed: a) to allow routine checks of the system's performance; b) to establish the performance limits of the system. This part of ISO 12653 is applicable to assessing the output quality of black-and-white scanners used for blackand- white or colour office documents, with or without half-tone or colour. It is not applicable to colour scanners or scanners used for the scanning of transparent or translucent documents. NOTE Additional targets for assessing the output quality of black-and-white scanners using continuous tone and colour are referred to in ISO 12653-2.

  • Standard
    6 pages
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