Road vehicles -- Braking threshold pressures for heavy commercial vehicle combinations with fully pneumatic braking systems -- Test with roller brake tester

ISO 20918:2007 describes a method to evaluate the braking threshold of heavy commercial vehicle combinations with pneumatic braking systems, by means of a roller brake tester. ISO 20918:2007 describes procedures for workshops and garages and provides a recommended pressure range of the system threshold pressure for motor vehicles and trailers, and a recommended practice for determining the system threshold pressure. ISO 20918:2007 covers neither high-pressure compatibility, including the control of the coefficient of friction between lining/pad and drum/disc, nor dynamic influences. ISO 20918:2007 is not for use at Type Approval.

Véhicules routiers -- Seuil de pressions de freinage pour les ensembles routiers lourds à systèmes de freinage uniquement pneumatiques -- Essais sur banc d'essai à rouleaux

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
08-Oct-2007
Current Stage
9093 - International Standard confirmed
Start Date
17-Jun-2021
Ref Project

Buy Standard

Standard
ISO 20918:2007 - Road vehicles -- Braking threshold pressures for heavy commercial vehicle combinations with fully pneumatic braking systems -- Test with roller brake tester
English language
8 pages
sale 15% off
Preview
sale 15% off
Preview

Standards Content (sample)

INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 20918
First edition
2007-10-15
Road vehicles — Braking threshold
pressures for heavy commercial vehicle
combinations with fully pneumatic
braking systems — Test with roller brake
tester
Véhicules routiers — Seuil de pressions de freinage pour les ensembles
routiers lourds à systèmes de freinage uniquement pneumatiques —
Essais sur banc d'essai à rouleaux
Reference number
ISO 20918:2007(E)
ISO 2007
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 20918:2007(E)
PDF disclaimer

This PDF file may contain embedded typefaces. In accordance with Adobe's licensing policy, this file may be printed or viewed but

shall not be edited unless the typefaces which are embedded are licensed to and installed on the computer performing the editing. In

downloading this file, parties accept therein the responsibility of not infringing Adobe's licensing policy. The ISO Central Secretariat

accepts no liability in this area.
Adobe is a trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated.

Details of the software products used to create this PDF file can be found in the General Info relative to the file; the PDF-creation

parameters were optimized for printing. Every care has been taken to ensure that the file is suitable for use by ISO member bodies. In

the unlikely event that a problem relating to it is found, please inform the Central Secretariat at the address given below.

COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2007

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means,

electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or

ISO's member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 20918:2007(E)
Contents Page

Foreword............................................................................................................................................................ iv

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ v

1 Scope ..................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Normative references ........................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions........................................................................................................................... 1

4 System threshold pressure recommendation ................................................................................... 2

5 Apparatus .............................................................................................................................................. 2

6 Procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 3

6.1 General................................................................................................................................................... 3

6.2 Vehicle test for truck and semi-trailer tractor.................................................................................... 3

6.3 Vehicle test for trailer ........................................................................................................................... 4

Annex A (informative) Report form for the roller brake test if printouts not available ............................... 5

Annex B (informative) Examples of roller brake test printouts for the measurement of system

threshold pressure ............................................................................................................................... 6

Bibliography ....................................................................................................................................................... 8

© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 20918:2007(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 20918 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 22, Road vehicles, Subcommittee SC 2, Braking

systems and equipment.
iv © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 20918:2007(E)
Introduction

The braking performance compatibility between motor vehicles and trailers is governed by the compatibility

bands contained in ECE Council Directive 71/320/EEC, Annex II (including ECE Commission Directive

75/524/EEC) and ECE Regulation No.13, Annex 10, and by brake force development requirements contained

in ECE Regulation No.13, Annex 10. The purpose of these compatibility bands is to maintain the stability of a

vehicle combination in all braking conditions, while the brake force development requirements are to provide a

minimum standard regarding wear balance at low braking pressure.

The compatibility between motor vehicles and trailers relates not only to stability, but also to wear balance, or

rather, to wear optimization.

Wear optimization and low adhesion utilization requires good braking balance between axles in the pressure

range up to 200 kPa . This improvement in balance is achieved by minimizing the variation in pressure when

all brakes start to develop a braking force.

This International Standard provides a best practice for determining the threshold pressure at which a brake

starts to develop a braking force. It is applicable to all vehicles equipped with a conventional braking system

and to trailers equipped with an electronic braking system (EBS) when used in conjunction with conventional

equipped vehicles, the connector being connected in accordance with ISO 7638.

For EBS equipped motor vehicles, it is intended that the default values for the threshold pressure values of the

EBS system comply with this International Standard as a minimum requirement. For EBS equipped vehicles, it

is advisable that the vehicle/system manufacturer's manual be followed in order to obtain the appropriate

threshold values.
1) 100 kPa = 1 bar.
© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 20918:2007(E)
Road vehicles — Braking threshold pressures for heavy
commercial vehicle combinations with fully pneumatic braking
systems — Test with roller brake tester
1 Scope

This International Standard describes a method to evaluate the braking threshold of heavy commercial vehicle

combinations with pneumatic braking systems, by means of a roller brake tester.

This International Standard describes procedures for workshops and garages and provides

⎯ a recommended pressure range of the system threshold pressure for motor vehicles and trailers, and

⎯ a recommended practice for determining the system threshold pressure.

NOTE Motor vehicles and trailer combinations with conventional braking systems are covered by the procedures

given in this International Standard. Motor vehicles with a conventional braking system coupled to an EBS equipped trailer

can also be tested using the procedure given in this International Standard, as the pneumatic control line is used.

This International Standard covers neither high-pressure compatibility, including the control of the coefficient

of friction between lining/pad and drum/disc, nor dynamic influences. This International Standard is not for use

at Type Approval.
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 611, Road vehicles — Braking of automotive vehicles and their trailers — Vocabulary

ISO 21069-1, Road vehicles — Test of braking systems on vehicles with a maximum authorized total mass of

over 3,5 t using a roller brake tester — Part 1: Pneumatic braking systems
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 611 and the following apply.

3.1
rolling resistance
resistance force generated by rolling causing a braking force or torque
3.2
trailer pressure
pressure at the coupling head of the control line to the trailer
© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 20918:2007(E)
3.3
brake actuator pressure
pneumatic pressure in a brake chamber of a braking system
3.4
system threshold pressure

pressure at which the braking force or torque starts to increase above the rolling resistance measured as

trailer pressure
NOTE Pressure is only to be measured with increasing pressure.
4 System threshold pressure recommendation

The recommended system threshold pressure, p , in kPa, measured as trailer pressure, p , is as follows:

t m
+10
p = 70 kPa (1)
t2−0

In the case of unladen vehicles (trailers) equipped with small size actuators (16''), it may not be possible to

achieve the above recommended value.
The following value may be accepted for N2 vehicles and O3 trailers:
+20
p = 70 kPa (2)
t2()−0

For EBS equipped motor vehicles, the default values for the threshold pressure val

...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.