Safety of toys — Part 11: Chemical toys (sets) other than experimental sets

This document specifies requirements and test methods for the substances and materials used in chemical toys (sets) other than experimental sets. These substances and mixtures are: — those classified as dangerous by the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)[1]; — substances and mixtures which in excessive amounts could harm the health of the children using them and which are not classified as dangerous by the GHS; and — any other chemical substance(s) and mixture(s) delivered with the chemical toy. Additionally, requirements are specified for markings, warnings, safety rules, contents lists, instructions for use and first aid information. This document applies to: — plaster of Paris (gypsum) moulding sets; — oven-hardening plasticised PVC modelling clay sets; — polystyrene granules sets; — embedding sets; — adhesives, paints, lacquers, varnishes, thinners and cleaning agents (solvents) supplied or recommended in model sets.

Sécurité des jouets — Partie 11: Jouets chimiques (coffrets) autres que les coffrets d'expériences

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
02-May-2019
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
03-May-2019
Completion Date
03-May-2019
Ref Project

Buy Standard

Standard
ISO 8124-11:2019 - Safety of toys
English language
67 pages
sale 15% off
Preview
sale 15% off
Preview

Standards Content (sample)

INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 8124-11
First edition
2019-05
Safety of toys —
Part 11:
Chemical toys (sets) other than
experimental sets
Sécurité des jouets —
Partie 11: Jouets chimiques (coffrets) autres que les coffrets
d'expériences
Reference number
ISO 8124-11:2019(E)
ISO 2019
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 8124-11:2019(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2019

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 8124-11:2019(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

Introduction ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................vii

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Plaster of Paris (gypsum) moulding sets .................................................................................................................................... 3

4.1 Marking ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2 First aid information .......................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.3 Safety rules ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

5 Oven-hardening plasticised PVC modelling clay sets ..................................................................................................... 3

5.1 Chemical substances .......................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.2 Marking ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.3 First aid information .......................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.4 Safety rules ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 4

6 Moulding sets ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.1 Polystyrene granules sets .............................................................................................................................................................. 5

6.1.1 Chemical substances..................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.1.2 Marking .................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.1.3 First aid information .................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.1.4 Safety rules............................................................................................................................................................................ 5

6.2 Embedding sets ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.2.2 Packaging................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

6.2.3 Marking .................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.2.4 First aid information .................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.2.5 Safety rules............................................................................................................................................................................ 6

7 Adhesives, paints, lacquers, varnishes, thinners and cleaning agents (solvents)

supplied or recommended in model sets ................................................................................................................................... 6

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

7.2 Adhesives ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

7.2.1 Water-based adhesives ........................................................................................................................................... .... 7

7.2.2 Solvent-based adhesives ........................................................................................................................................... 9

7.3 Water-based paints or lacquers ............................................................................................................................................12

7.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................12

7.3.2 Packaging.............................................................................................................................................................................13

7.3.3 Marking .................................................................................................................................................................................13

7.3.4 First aid information .................................................................................................................................................13

7.3.5 Safety rules.........................................................................................................................................................................13

7.4 Solvent-based paints, lacquers, thinners and cleaning solvents ...............................................................14

7.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................14

7.4.2 Packaging.............................................................................................................................................................................14

7.4.3 Marking .................................................................................................................................................................................15

7.4.4 First aid information .................................................................................................................................................15

7.4.5 Safety rules.........................................................................................................................................................................15

8 Marking .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................15

8.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................15

8.2 Marking of the primary packaging......................................................................................................................................15

8.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................16

8.2.2 Manufacturer’s identification ............................................................................................................................16

8.2.3 Warning phrases ...........................................................................................................................................................16

8.3 Marking of individual containers and any packaging .........................................................................................16

© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 8124-11:2019(E)

9 Instructions for use ........................................................................................................................................................................................16

9.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................16

9.2 Contents list ............................................................................................................................................................................................16

9.3 Advice for adult supervision ....................................................................................................................................................17

9.4 Safety rules ..............................................................................................................................................................................................17

9.5 Instructions for carrying out the activities ..................................................................................................................17

9.6 Spills and disposal of chemicals ............................................................................................................................................18

10 Test methods ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................18

10.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................18

10.2 Determination of plasticisers in oven-hardening polyvinyl chloride (PVC)

modelling clay sets ...........................................................................................................................................................................18

10.2.1 Principle ...............................................................................................................................................................................18

10.2.2 Standards and reagents ..........................................................................................................................................18

10.2.3 Apparatus ............................................................................................................................................................................19

10.2.4 Preparation of standard solutions .................................................................................................................21

10.2.5 Sampling...............................................................................................................................................................................22

10.2.6 Sample preparation ....................................................................................................................................................22

10.2.7 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................22

10.2.8 Evaluation of results ..................................................................................................................................................24

10.2.9 Test report ..........................................................................................................................................................................25

10.3 Determination of the emission of benzene, toluene and xylenes from oven-

hardening plasticised PVC modelling clay sets and polystyrene granules sets ...........................26

10.3.1 Principle ...............................................................................................................................................................................26

10.3.2 Standards and reagents ..........................................................................................................................................26

10.3.3 Apparatus ............................................................................................................................................................................26

10.3.4 Preparation of standard solutions .................................................................................................................28

10.3.5 Sampling...............................................................................................................................................................................28

10.3.6 Sample preparation ....................................................................................................................................................28

10.3.7 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................29

10.3.8 Evaluation of results ..................................................................................................................................................29

10.3.9 Test report ..........................................................................................................................................................................29

10.3.10 Critical control points ...............................................................................................................................................29

10.4 Determination of styrene content in polystyrene granules ..........................................................................30

10.4.1 Principle ...............................................................................................................................................................................30

10.4.2 Standards and reagents ..........................................................................................................................................30

10.4.3 Apparatus ............................................................................................................................................................................30

10.4.4 Preparation of standard solutions .................................................................................................................31

10.4.5 Sampling...............................................................................................................................................................................31

10.4.6 Sample preparation ....................................................................................................................................................31

10.4.7 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................31

10.4.8 Evaluation of results ..................................................................................................................................................32

10.4.9 Test report ..........................................................................................................................................................................32

10.5 Determination of organic solvents ......................................................................................................................................32

10.5.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................32

10.5.2 Principle ...............................................................................................................................................................................33

10.5.3 Standards and reagents ..........................................................................................................................................34

10.5.4 Apparatus ............................................................................................................................................................................35

10.5.5 Preparation of the standard solutions .......................................................................................................37

10.5.6 Sampling...............................................................................................................................................................................44

10.5.7 Sample preparation ....................................................................................................................................................44

10.5.8 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................45

10.5.9 Evaluation of results ..................................................................................................................................................49

10.5.10 Test report ..........................................................................................................................................................................50

10.6 Combined approach for the determination of plasticisers in solvent-based
adhesives and in solvent-based paints or lacquers, film-forming agents in paints

and lacquers and modifiers in solvent-based paints or lacquers .............................................................50

10.6.1 Principle ...............................................................................................................................................................................50

10.6.2 Determination of total extract ...........................................................................................................................51

iv © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 8124-11:2019(E)

10.6.3 Identification of nitrocellulose .........................................................................................................................52

10.6.4 Determination of plasticisers.............................................................................................................................54

10.6.5 Determination of film-forming agents .......................................................................................................54

10.6.6 Determination of the modifiers .......................................................................................................................59

10.6.7 Test report ..........................................................................................................................................................................60

Annex A (normative) Environmental, health and safety precautions for using the methods

of analysis .................................................................................................................................................................................................................61

Annex B (informative) Organic solvents ........................................................................................................................................................62

Annex C (informative) Validation of test methods ..............................................................................................................................64

Annex D (informative) Rationale ...........................................................................................................................................................................65

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................67

© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO 8124-11:2019(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso

.org/iso/foreword .html.
This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 181, Safety of toys.
A list of all parts in the ISO 8124 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/members .html.
vi © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 8124-11:2019(E)
Introduction

This document is intended to reduce the risks and health hazards to children when chemical toys are

used as intended or in a foreseeable way, bearing in mind the behaviour of children.

When using these chemical toys, potential risks should be kept to a minimum by the inclusion of

appropriate information drawing attention to possible hazards, risks and other problems.

The Chemical Abstract Service Registry Numbers (CAS) and European Inventory of Existing Chemical

Substances Numbers (EINECS) given in various tables are provided for information purposes only.

Products covered by this document may be subject to legal requirements specific to the jurisdiction

in which they are sold and conformity with the requirements in this document cannot be relied on to

ensure compliance with those requirements.
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved vii
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 8124-11:2019(E)
Safety of toys —
Part 11:
Chemical toys (sets) other than experimental sets
1 Scope

This document specifies requirements and test methods for the substances and materials used in

chemical toys (sets) other than experimental sets. These substances and mixtures are:

— those classified as dangerous by the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of

[1]
Chemicals (GHS) ;

— substances and mixtures which in excessive amounts could harm the health of the children using

them and which are not classified as dangerous by the GHS; and

— any other chemical substance(s) and mixture(s) delivered with the chemical toy.

Additionally, requirements are specified for markings, warnings, safety rules, contents lists,

instructions for use and first aid information.
This document applies to:
— plaster of Paris (gypsum) moulding sets;
— oven-hardening plasticised PVC modelling clay sets;
— polystyrene granules sets;
— embedding sets;

— adhesives, paints, lacquers, varnishes, thinners and cleaning agents (solvents) supplied or

recommended in model sets.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 3104, Petroleum products — Transparent and opaque liquids — Determination of kinematic viscosity

and calculation of dynamic viscosity

ISO 3219, Plastics — Polymers/resins in the liquid state or as emulsions or dispersions — Determination of

viscosity using a rotational viscometer with defined shear rate
ISO 3696, Water for analytical laboratory use — Specification and test methods

ISO 22854, Liquid petroleum products — Determination of hydrocarbon types and oxygenates in automotive-

motor gasoline and in ethanol (E85) automotive fuel — Multidimensional gas chromatography method

3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO 8124-11:2019(E)

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https: //www .iso .org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http: //www .electropedia .org/
3.1
chemical toy

toy intended for the direct handling of chemical substances and mixtures and which is used in a manner

appropriate to a given age-group and under the supervision of an adult
[SOURCE: ISO 8124-2:2014, 3.1]
3.2
experimental set

chemical toy (3.1) in which the experimental and explorative character in playing with single chemical

substances and mixtures is guided by strict instructions that dominate over the creative ideas of the user

3.3
plaster of Paris (gypsum) moulding set

toy containing moulds into which a mixture of water and gypsum is poured and allowed to harden

Note 1 to entry: The gypsum consists predominantly of calcium sulfate hemihydrate CaSO4 · 0,5 H O.

Note 2 to entry: Plaster of Paris (gypsum) moulding sets are used, for example, for preparing figures and plates.

...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.