This document specifies requirements and test methods for the migration of aluminium, antimony, arsenic, barium, boron, cadmium, Chromium (III), Chromium (VI), cobalt, copper, lead, manganese, mercury, nickel, selenium, strontium, tin, organic tin and zinc from toy materials and from parts of toys.
Packaging materials are not considered to be part of the toy unless they have intended play value.
NOTE 1   See the European Commission guidance document no. 12 on the application of the Directive on the safety of toys - packaging [2].
The standard contains requirements for the migration of certain elements from the following categories of toy materials:
-   Category I: Dry, brittle, powder like or pliable materials;
-   Category II: Liquid or sticky materials;
-   Category III: Scraped-off materials.
The requirements of this document do not apply to toys or parts of toys which, due to their accessibility, function, volume or mass, clearly exclude any hazard due to sucking, licking or swallowing or prolonged skin contact when the toy or part of toy is used as intended or in a foreseeable way, bearing in mind the behaviour of children.
NOTE 2   For the purposes of this document, for the following toys and parts of toys the likelihood of sucking, licking or swallowing toys is considered significant (see H.2 and H.3):
-   All toys intended to be put in the mouth or to the mouth, cosmetics toys and writing instruments categorized as toys can be considered to be sucked, licked or swallowed;
-   All the accessible parts and components of toys intended for children up to 6 years of age can be considered to come into contact with the mouth. The likelihood of mouth contact with parts of toys intended for older children is not considered significant in most cases (see H.2).

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This European Standard applies to olfactory board games, cosmetic kits, gustative games and supplementary sets. It specifies requirements on the use of substances and mixtures and in some cases on their amount and concentration in olfactory board games, cosmetic kits, gustative games and supplementary sets to such games or kits.
These substances and mixtures are:
- those classified as dangerous by the EC-legislation applying to dangerous substances , and dangerous mixtures ;
- substances and mixtures which in excessive amounts could harm the health of the children using them and which are not classified as dangerous by the above mentioned legislation; and
- any other chemical substance(s) and mixture(s) delivered with the set.
Furthermore, this European Standard specifies allergenic fragrances which are prohibited in toys, marking requirements, in particular regarding allergenic fragrances, and requirements on a contents list, instructions for use, the equipment intended to be used during the activity and the use of highly flammable liquids.
This European Standard does not apply to cosmetic toys such as play cosmetics for dolls.
NOTE The terms "substance" and "mixture" are defined in the REACH regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006  and in the CLP regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008.

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The purpose of this document is to provide replies to requests for interpretations of EN 71 1:2014+A1:2018, Safety of toys - Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties, EN 71 2:2020, Safety of toys - Part 2: Flammability, EN 71 8:2018, Safety of toys - Part 8: Activity toys for domestic use and EN 71 14:2018 and Safety of toys - Part 14: Trampolines for domestic use.

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This European Standard specifies requirements for the maximum amount and, in some cases, the maximum concentration of certain substances and mixtures used in experimental sets for chemistry and related activities.
These substances and mixtures are:
-   those classified as dangerous by the EC-legislation applying to dangerous substances [1], [2] and dangerous mixtures [2], [3];
-   substances and mixtures which in excessive amounts could harm the health of the children using them and which are not classified as dangerous by the above mentioned legislation; and
-   any other chemical substance(s) and mixture(s) delivered with the experimental set.
This standard applies to experimental sets for chemistry and related activities including crystal growing sets, carbon dioxide generating experimental sets and supplementary sets. It also covers sets for chemical experiments within the fields of mineralogy, biology, physics, microscopy and environmental science whenever they contain one or more chemical substances and/or mixtures which are classified as hazardous according to Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008/EC [2].
This standard also specifies requirements for marking, a contents list, instructions for use, eye protection and for the equipment intended for carrying out the experiments.
This standard does not apply to toys that are covered by EN 71-13 (e.g. cosmetic kits). Requirements for certain other chemical toys are given in EN 71-5.
NOTE   The terms "substance" and "preparation", as used in Directives 67/548/EEC [1] and 1999/45/EC [3], are also used in the "REACH Regulation", Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006 [4]. According to the Globally Harmonised System (GHS) of classification and labelling of chemicals, which in the European Union has been enacted by Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008 (classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures) [2], the timetable for the introduction of GHS has to be followed.
The words "preparation" and "mixture" should be considered synonymous; both are a mixture or solution of substances that do not react with each other. The old term "preparation" will be replaced by the new term "mixture" in due course. In this standard, only the term "mixture" is used.

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This Technical Report contains a compilation of national translations of warnings and instructions for use, mentioned in the EN 71 series of standards. The warnings and instructions for use need to be applied in accordance with the requirements and specifications of the EN 71 series of standards for safety of toys and these standards should always be consulted before drawing up the text of a warning or instruction for use.
The users of this document should be aware that additional markings may be required for certain toys, e.g. in non-EU countries. Local regulations should be checked.

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This European Standard specifies the categories of flammable materials which are prohibited in all toys, and requirements concerning flammability of certain toys when they are subjected to a small source of ignition.
The test methods described in Clause 5 are used for the purposes of determining the flammability of toys under the particular test conditions specified. The test results thus obtained cannot be considered as providing an overall indication of the potential fire hazard of toys or materials when subjected to other sources of ignition.
This European Standard includes general requirements relating to all toys and specific requirements and methods of test relating to the following toys, which are considered as being those presenting the greatest hazard:
—   toys to be worn on the head: beards, moustaches, wigs, etc. made from hair, pile or material with similar features; masks; hoods, head-dresses, etc.; flowing elements of toys to be worn on the head, but excluding paper novelty hats of the type usually supplied in party crackers;
—   toy disguise costumes and toys intended to be worn by a child in play;
—   toys intended to be entered by a child;
—   soft-filled toys.
NOTE   Additional requirements for flammability of electric toys are specified in EN 62115.

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This document is applicable to inflatable play equipment intended for use by children fourteen years and under, both individually and collectively.
This part of the standard specifies additional safety requirements for snappies for which the primary activities are climbing and sliding. It sets measures to address risks and also to minimize accidents to users for those involved in the design, manufacture and supply of inflatable play equipment. It specifies information to be supplied with the equipment. The requirements have been laid down bearing in mind the risk factor based on available data.
This document specifies requirements to protect a child from hazards that he or she might be unable to foresee when using the equipment as intended, or in a manner that can be reasonably anticipated.
This document is not applicable to inflatable water-borne play and leisure equipment, domestic inflatable toys, air-supported buildings, inflatables used solely for protection, inflatables used for rescue, or other types of inflatable toys where the primary activity is not bouncing or sliding.

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This part of EN 71 specifies requirements for the substances and materials used in finger paints and applies to finger paints only.
Additional requirements are specified for markings, labelling and containers.

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This part of EN 71 specifies requirements for the substances and materials used in finger paints and applies to finger paints only.
Additional requirements are specified for markings, labelling and containers.

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This document consists of a comparison of the mechanical and physical requirements covered by the following toy safety standards: a) ISO: ISO 8124‑1:2018; b) Europe (CEN): EN 71‑1:2014+A1:2018; c) USA: ASTM F963:2017.

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1.1 This document specifies maximum acceptable levels and methods of sampling, extraction and determination for the migration of the elements antimony, arsenic, barium, cadmium, chromium, lead, mercury and selenium from toy materials and from parts of toys. 1.2 Maximum acceptable levels are specified for the migration of the elements listed in 1.1 from the following toy materials: — coatings of paints, varnishes, lacquers, printing inks, polymers and similar coatings (see 9.1); — polymeric and similar material, including laminates, whether textile-reinforced or not, but excluding other textiles and non-woven textiles (see 9.2); — paper and paperboard (see 9.3); — natural, artificial or synthetic textiles (see 9.4); — glass/ceramic/metallic materials, excepting lead solder when used for electrical connections (see 9.5); — other materials, whether mass-coloured or not (e.g. wood, fibreboard, hardboard, bone and leather) (see 9.6); — materials intended to leave a trace (e.g. the graphite materials in pencils and liquid ink in pens) (see 9.7); — pliable modelling materials, including modelling clays and gels (see 9.8); — paints to be used as such in the toy, including finger paints, varnishes, lacquers, glazing powders and similar material in solid or liquid form (see 9.9). 1.3 The requirements in this document apply to the following toys and toy components of toys and toy materials (see D.2.1): — all intended food and oral contact toys, cosmetic toys and writing instruments categorized as toys, irrespective of any age grading or recommended age labelling; — all toys intended for or suitable for children under 72 months of age; — accessible coatings, irrespective of any age grading or recommended age labelling; — accessible liquids, pastes and gels (e.g. liquid paints, modelling compounds), irrespective of any age grading or recommended age labelling. 1.4 Packaging materials are not included, unless they are intended to be kept, for example boxes and containers, or unless they form part of the toy or have intended play value (see D.2.2). NOTE No requirements are given for toys and parts of toys which, due to their accessibility, function, mass, size or other characteristics, are obviously unlikely to be sucked, licked or swallowed, bearing in mind the normal and foreseeable behaviour of children (e.g. the coating on the crossbeam of a swing set, the tyres of a toy bicycle).

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EN-IEC 62115 specifies safety requirements for electric toys that have at least one function dependant on electricity, electric toys being any product designed or intended, whether or not exclusively, for use in play by children under 14 years of age. Additional requirements for experimental sets are given in Annex A. Additional requirements for electric toys incorporating optical radiation sources are given in Annex E. Measurement methods for electric toys generating electromagnetic fields (EMF) are given in Annex I. Additional requirements for the safety of remote-controls for electric ride-on toys are given in Annex J. If the packaging is intended to have play value then it is considered to be part of the electric toy. This International Standard only covers the safety aspects of electric toys that relate to an electrical function. This standard covers the safety of electric toys taking power from any source, such as batteries, transformers, solar cells and inductive connections.

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IEC 62115:2017 specifies safety requirements for electric toys that have at least one function dependant on electricity, electric toys being any product designed or intended, whether or not exclusively, for use in play by children under 14 years of age. Examples of electric toys also within the scope of this standard are: - constructional sets; - experimental sets; - functional electric toys (an electric toy that performs and is used in the same way as a product, appliance or installation intended for use by adults, and which may be a scale model of such product, appliance or installation); - electric toy computers as well as a doll's house having an interior lamp. If the packaging is intended to have play value then it is considered to be part of the electric toy. This International Standard only covers the safety aspects of electric toys that relate to an electrical function. This standard covers the safety of electric toys taking power from any source, such as batteries, transformers, solar cells and inductive connections. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2003, Amendment 1 (2004) and Amendment 2 (2010). This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: - the general conditions for tests has been rewritten and modified (Clause 5); - the criteria for reduced testing has been modified (Clause 6); - warnings for toys using button batteries or coin batteries have been added (7.3.3.2, 7.3.3.3); - warnings on ride-on toys have been added (7.5); - the requirements concerning accessibility of batteries have been updated (13.4.1 and 13.4.2); - added requirements to cover toys placed above a child (13.4.4); - added requirements to cover toys connected to other equipment (13.9); - modified the requirements for safety of toys incorporating optical radiation sources (Annex E), to include requirements for using the technical LED data sheet for checking compliance with the specified accessible emission limits (AEL); - updated the details for measurements of the optical radiation from the toy (Annex E); - introduced an informative Annex I concerning measurement methods for toys with an integrated field source generating EMF; - included a normative Annex J concerning safety of remote-controls for electric ride-on toys. The attention of National Committees is drawn to the fact that equipment manufacturers and testing organizations may need a transitional period following publication of a new, amended or revised IEC publication in which to make products in accordance with the new requirements and to equip themselves for conducting new or revised tests. It is the recommendation of the committee that the content of this publication be adopted for implementation nationally not earlier than 12 months or later than 36 months from the date of its publication. Key words: Safety, Electric Toys

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This part of EN 14960 specifies additional safety requirements for inflatable bouncing pillows intended for permanent installation.
This part of the standard is applicable to inflatable play equipment intended for use by children fourteen years and under both individually and collectively.
This part of the standard specifies safety requirements for inflatable play equipment for which the primary activity is bouncing. It sets measures to address risks and also to minimize accidents to users for those involved in the design, manufacture and supply of inflatable play equipment.
It specifies information to be supplied with the equipment. The requirements have been laid down bearing in mind the risk factor based on available data.
This part of the standard specifies the requirements that will protect a child from hazards that he or she may be unable to foresee when using the equipment as intended, or in a manner that can be reasonably anticipated.
This part of the standard is not applicable to inflatables dealt with in prEN 14960-1:2017, inflatable water-borne play and leisure equipment, domestic inflatable toys, air-supported buildings, inflatables used solely for protection, inflatables used for rescue, or other types of inflatable toys where the primary activity is not bouncing or sliding.

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This part of EN 14960 specifies additional safety requirements for inflatable bouncing pillows intended for permanent installation.
This part of EN 14960 is applicable to inflatable play equipment intended for use by children fourteen years and under, both individually and collectively.
This part of EN 14960 specifies safety requirements for inflatable play equipment for which the primary activity is bouncing. It sets measures to address risks and also to minimize accidents to users for those involved in the design, manufacture and supply of inflatable play equipment.
It specifies information to be supplied with the equipment. The requirements have been laid down bearing in mind the risk factor based on available data.
This part of EN 14960 specifies the requirements that will protect a child from hazards that he or she might be unable to foresee when using the equipment as intended, or in a manner that can be reasonably anticipated.
This part of EN 14960 is not applicable to inflatables dealt with in EN 14960 1:2019, inflatable water-borne play and leisure equipment, domestic inflatable toys, air-supported buildings, inflatables used solely for protection, inflatables used for rescue, or other types of inflatable toys where the primary activity is not bouncing or sliding.

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This European Standard is applicable to inflatable play equipment intended for use by children fourteen years and under both individually and collectively.
This standard specifies safety requirements for inflatable play equipment for which the primary activities are bouncing and sliding. It sets measures to address risks and also to minimize accidents to users for those involved in the design, manufacture and supply of inflatable play equipment. It specifies information to be supplied with the equipment. The requirements have been laid down bearing in mind the risk factor based on available data.
This standard specifies the requirements that will protect a child from hazards that he or she may be unable to foresee when using the equipment as intended, or in a manner that can be reasonably anticipated.
This standard is not applicable to inflatable water-borne play and leisure equipment, domestic inflatable toys, air-supported buildings, inflatables used solely for protection, inflatables used for rescue, or other types of inflatable toys where the primary activity is not bouncing or sliding.

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The purpose of this Technical Report is to provide replies to requests for interpretations of actual chemical standards in the EN 71 series:
-   EN 71 3: Migration of certain elements;
-   EN 71 4: Experimental sets for chemistry and related activities;
-   EN 71 5: Chemical toys (sets) other than experimental sets;
-   EN 71 7: Finger paints - Requirements and test methods;
-   EN 71 9: Organic chemical compounds - Requirements;
-   EN 71 10: Organic chemical compounds - Sample preparation and extraction;
-   EN 71 11: Organic chemical compounds - Methods of analysis;
-   EN 71 12: N-Nitrosamines and N-Nitrosatable substances;
-   EN 71 13: Olfactory board games, cosmetic kits and gustative games.

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This document is applicable to inflatable play equipment intended for use by children fourteen years and under both individually and collectively.
This document specifies safety requirements for inflatable play equipment for which the primary activities are bouncing and sliding. It sets measures to address risks and also to minimize accidents to users for those involved in the design, manufacture and supply of inflatable play equipment. It specifies information to be supplied with the equipment. The requirements have been laid down bearing in mind the risk factor based on available data.
This document specifies the requirements that will protect a child from hazards that he or she may be unable to foresee when using the equipment as intended, or in a manner that can be reasonably anticipated.
This document is not applicable to inflatable water-borne play and leisure equipment, domestic inflatable toys, air-supported buildings, inflatables used solely for protection, inflatables used for rescue, or other types of inflatable toys where the primary activity is not bouncing or sliding.

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This document specifies requirements and test methods for the substances and materials used in chemical toys (sets) other than experimental sets. These substances and mixtures are: — those classified as dangerous by the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)[1]; — substances and mixtures which in excessive amounts could harm the health of the children using them and which are not classified as dangerous by the GHS; and — any other chemical substance(s) and mixture(s) delivered with the chemical toy. Additionally, requirements are specified for markings, warnings, safety rules, contents lists, instructions for use and first aid information. This document applies to: — plaster of Paris (gypsum) moulding sets; — oven-hardening plasticised PVC modelling clay sets; — polystyrene granules sets; — embedding sets; — adhesives, paints, lacquers, varnishes, thinners and cleaning agents (solvents) supplied or recommended in model sets.

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This document specifies requirements for the maximum amount and, in some cases, the maximum concentration of certain substances and mixtures used in experimental sets for chemistry and related activities. These substances and mixtures are: — those classified as dangerous by the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)[1]; — substances and mixtures which in excessive amounts could harm the health of the children using them and which are not classified as dangerous by the GHS; and — any other chemical substance(s) and mixture(s) delivered with the experimental set. This document applies to experimental sets for chemistry and related activities, including crystal-growing sets, carbon-dioxide-generating experimental sets and supplementary sets. It also covers sets for chemical experiments within the fields of mineralogy, biology, physics, microscopy and environmental science, whenever they contain one or more chemical substances and/or mixtures which are classified as hazardous according to the GHS[1]. This document also specifies requirements for marking, a contents list, instructions for use, eye protection and the equipment intended for carrying out the experiments. Requirements for certain other chemical toys are given in ISO 8124-11.

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The purpose of this document is to provide replies to requests for interpretations of actual chemical standards in the EN 71 series:
-   EN 71-3: Migration of certain elements;
-   EN 71-4: Experimental sets for chemistry and related activities;
-   EN 71-5: Chemical toys (sets) other than experimental sets;
-   EN 71-7: Finger paints - Requirements and test methods;
-   EN 71-9: Organic chemical compounds - Requirements;
-   EN 71-10: Organic chemical compounds - Sample preparation and extraction;
-   EN 71-11: Organic chemical compounds - Methods of analysis;
-   EN 71-12: N-Nitrosamines and N-Nitrosatable substances;
-   EN 71-13: Olfactory board games, cosmetic kits and gustative games.

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This European Standard specifies requirements and test methods for trampolines for domestic use, their access devices and their enclosures, intended for outdoor and/or indoor use above ground level by one person at a time.
The scope of this European Standard excludes:
-    trampolines used as gymnastic equipment, covered by EN 13219;
-    floating inflatable trampolines, covered by the EN 15649 series;
-    trampolines used in public playgrounds;
-    inclined mat trampolines;
-    inflatable trampolines;
-    fitness trampolines, including trampolines for medical use;
-    trampolines with additional features, e.g. tents, basket ball hoop;
-    trampolines for domestic use buried at ground level.

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This document specifies requirements and test methods for trampolines for domestic use, their access devices and their enclosures, intended for outdoor and/or indoor use by one person at a time.
The scope of this document excludes:
-   trampolines used as gymnastic equipment, covered by EN 13219:2008;
-   floating inflatable trampolines, covered by the EN ISO 25649:2017 series;
-   trampolines used in public playgrounds;
-   inclined mat trampolines;
-   inflatable trampolines;
-   fitness trampolines, including trampolines for medical use;
-   trampolines with additional features, e.g. tents, basketball hoop.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of di-iso-butyl phthalate (DIBP), di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP), benzylbutyl phthalate (BBP), bis-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), di-n-octyl phthalate (DNOP), di-iso-nonylphthalate (DINP) and di-iso-decyl phthalate (DIDP) (as specified in Annex A) in toys and children's products. This document is applicable to toys and children's products which are made of plastics, textiles, coatings and liquids. This document has been validated for polyvinylchloride (PVC) plastics, polyurethane (PU) plastics and some representative paint coatings (see Annex B). It might also be applicable to other phthalate esters and other product materials provided that adequate validation is demonstrated.

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This European Standard specifies requirements and methods of tests for mechanical and physical
properties of toys.
This European Standard applies to toys for children, toys being any product or material designed or
intended, whether or not exclusively, for use in play by children of less than 14 years. It refers to new
toys taking into account the period of foreseeable and normal use, and that the toys are used as
intended or in a foreseeable way, bearing in mind the behaviour of children.
It includes specific requirements for toys intended for children under 36 months, children under 18
months and for children who are too young to sit up unaided. According to Directive 2009/48/EC
“intended for use by” means that a parent or supervisor shall reasonably be able to assume by virtue of
the functions, dimensions and characteristics of a toy that it is intended for use by children of the stated
age group. Therefore, for the purpose of this European Standard, e.g. soft-filled toys with simple features
intended for holding and cuddling are considered as toys intended for children under 36 months.
NOTE Information relating to the age grading of toys and, in particular, which toys are intended for children
under 36 months and which toys are not, can be found in !Deleted text" CEN/CENELEC Guide 11 and the
European Commission’s Guidance Documents.
This European Standard also specifies requirements for packaging, marking and labelling.
This European Standard does not cover musical instruments, sports equipment or similar items but
does include their toy counterparts.
This European Standard does not apply to the following toys:
— playground equipment intended for public use;
— automatic playing machines, whether coin operated or not, intended for public use;
— toy vehicles equipped with combustion engines (see A.2);
— toy steam engines
— toy slings and toy catapults, supplied without projectiles;
— flying toys incorporating rotor blade(s) which are capable of spinning approximately horizontally,
each blade being greater than 175 mm in length, measured from the centre of rotation to the blade
tip, and with an overall mass of the flying toy greater than 50 g.
Toy slings and toy catapults supplied with projectiles are covered by this standard.

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This European Standard specifies requirements and methods of tests for mechanical and physical
properties of toys.
This European Standard applies to toys for children, toys being any product or material designed or
intended, whether or not exclusively, for use in play by children of less than 14 years. It refers to new
toys taking into account the period of foreseeable and normal use, and that the toys are used as
intended or in a foreseeable way, bearing in mind the behaviour of children.
It includes specific requirements for toys intended for children under 36 months, children under 18
months and for children who are too young to sit up unaided. According to Directive 2009/48/EC
“intended for use by” means that a parent or supervisor shall reasonably be able to assume by virtue of
the functions, dimensions and characteristics of a toy that it is intended for use by children of the stated
age group. Therefore, for the purpose of this European Standard, e.g. soft-filled toys with simple features
intended for holding and cuddling are considered as toys intended for children under 36 months.
NOTE Information relating to the age grading of toys and, in particular, which toys are intended for children
under 36 months and which toys are not, can be found in !Deleted text" CEN/CENELEC Guide 11 and the
European Commission’s Guidance Documents.
This European Standard also specifies requirements for packaging, marking and labelling.
This European Standard does not cover musical instruments, sports equipment or similar items but
does include their toy counterparts.
This European Standard does not apply to the following toys:
— playground equipment intended for public use;
— automatic playing machines, whether coin operated or not, intended for public use;
— toy vehicles equipped with combustion engines (see A.2);
— toy steam engines
— toy slings and toy catapults, supplied without projectiles;
— flying toys incorporating rotor blade(s) which are capable of spinning approximately horizontally,
each blade being greater than 175 mm in length, measured from the centre of rotation to the blade
tip, and with an overall mass of the flying toy greater than 50 g.
Toy slings and toy catapults supplied with projectiles are covered by this standard.

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This European Standard specifies requirements and test methods for activity toys often attached to or incorporating a crossbeam, and similar toys intended for children under 14 years to play on or in and often intended to bear the mass of one or more children.
This European Standard also specifies requirements for:
-    separately sold accessories for, and components of activity toys;
-    separately sold swing elements that are ready for use on or in combination with an activity toy;
-    construction packages for activity toys including components used to build activity toys according to a scheduled building instruction.
The scope of this European Standard excludes:
-    playground equipment intended for public use dealt with in EN 1176;
-    bow-mounted rocking activity toys such as rocking horses and similar toys are covered by specific requirements in EN 71-1;
-    toy pools with maximum depth of water over 400 mm measured, between the overflow level and the deepest point within the pool;
-    toy trampolines.
NOTE 1    Requirements for toy trampolines and non-aquatic inflatable toys are being elaborated.
NOTE 2    There is an enhanced risk of drowning in toy pools where the depth of water is in excess of 400 mm.

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The requirements in ISO 8124-1:2018 apply to all toys, i.e. any product or material designed or clearly intended for use in play by children under 14 years of age. They are applicable to a toy as it is initially received by the consumer and, in addition, they apply after a toy is subjected to reasonably foreseeable conditions of normal use and abuse unless specifically noted otherwise. The requirements of this document specify acceptable criteria for structural characteristics of toys, such as shape, size, contour, spacing (e.g. rattles, small parts, sharp points and edges, and hinge-line clearances) as well as acceptable criteria for properties peculiar to certain categories of toy (e.g. maximum kinetic energy values for non-resilient-tipped projectiles and minimum tip angles for certain ride-on toys). ISO 8124-1:2018 specifies requirements and test methods for toys intended for use by children in various age groups from birth to 14 years. The requirements vary according to the age group for which a particular toy is intended. The requirements for a particular age group reflect the nature of the hazards and the expected mental and/or physical abilities of a child to cope with them. ISO 8124-1:2018 also requires that appropriate warnings and/or instructions for use be given on certain toys or their packaging. Due to linguistic problems which may occur in different countries, the wording of these warnings and instructions is not specified but given as general information in Annex B. It should be noted that different legal requirements exist in many countries with regard to such marking. ISO 8124-1:2018 does not purport to cover or include every conceivable potential hazard of a particular toy or toy category. Except for labelling requirements indicating the functional hazards and the age range for which the toy is intended, this document has no requirements for those characteristics of toys which represent an inherent and recognized hazard which is integral to the function of the toy. EXAMPLE 1 An example of such a hazard is the sharp point necessary for the proper function of a needle. The needle is a hazard which is well understood by the purchaser of a toy sewing kit, and the functional sharp-point hazard is communicated to the user as part of the normal educational process of learning to sew as well as at the point of purchase by means of cautionary labelling on the product's packaging. EXAMPLE 2 As a further example, a two-wheeled toy scooter has inherent and recognized hazards associated with its use (e.g. instability during use, especially while learning). The potential hazards associated with its structural characteristics (sharp edges, pinch hazards, etc.) will be minimized by compliance with the requirements of this document.

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This European Standard specifies requirements and test methods for activity toys for domestic use often attached to or incorporating a crossbeam, and similar toys intended for children under 14 years to play on or in and often intended to bear the mass of one or more children.
This European Standard also specifies requirements for:
-   separately sold accessories for, and components of activity toys;
-   separately sold swing elements that are ready for use on or in combination with an activity toy;
-   construction packages for activity toys including components used to build activity toys according to a scheduled building instruction.
The scope of this European Standard excludes:
-   playground equipment intended for public use dealt with in the EN 1176 series;
-   bow-mounted rocking activity toys such as rocking horses and similar toys, which are covered by specific requirements in EN 71 1;
-   toy pools with maximum depth of water over 400 mm measured, between the overflow level and the deepest point within the pool;
NOTE 1   For information regarding the classification of pools as toys see European Commission guidance document No. 8 from Bibliographical Entry [1].
-   pools with maximum depth of water over 400 mm measured, between the overflow level and the deepest point within the pool, without play elements covered e.g. by the EN 16582 series or EN 16927.
NOTE 2   There is an enhanced risk of drowning in toy pools where the depth of water is in excess of 400 mm.
-   trampolines for domestic use dealt with in EN 71 14.
-   inflatable activity toys (except paddling pools).
See also A.1.

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IEC 62115:2017 specifies safety requirements for electric toys that have at least one function dependant on electricity, electric toys being any product designed or intended, whether or not exclusively, for use in play by children under 14 years of age.
Examples of electric toys also within the scope of this standard are:
- constructional sets;
- experimental sets;
- functional electric toys (an electric toy that performs and is used in the same way as a product, appliance or installation intended for use by adults, and which may be a scale model of such product, appliance or installation);
- electric toy computers as well as a doll's house having an interior lamp.
If the packaging is intended to have play value then it is considered to be part of the electric toy.
This International Standard only covers the safety aspects of electric toys that relate to an electrical function.
This standard covers the safety of electric toys taking power from any source, such as batteries, transformers, solar cells and inductive connections.
This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2003, Amendment 1 (2004) and Amendment 2 (2010). This edition constitutes a technical revision.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
- the general conditions for tests has been rewritten and modified (Clause 5);
- the criteria for reduced testing has been modified (Clause 6);
- warnings for toys using button batteries or coin batteries have been added (7.3.3.2, 7.3.3.3);
- warnings on ride-on toys have been added (7.5);
- the requirements concerning accessibility of batteries have been updated (13.4.1 and 13.4.2);
- added requirements to cover toys placed above a child (13.4.4);
- added requirements to cover toys connected to other equipment (13.9);
- modified the requirements for safety of toys incorporating optical radiation sources (Annex E), to include requirements for using the technical LED data sheet for checking compliance with the specified accessible emission limits (AEL);
- updated the details for measurements of the optical radiation from the toy (Annex E);
- introduced an informative Annex I concerning measurement methods for toys with an integrated field source generating EMF;
- included a normative Annex J concerning safety of remote-controls for electric ride-on toys.
The attention of National Committees is drawn to the fact that equipment manufacturers and testing organizations may need a transitional period following publication of a new, amended or revised IEC publication in which to make products in accordance with the new requirements and to equip themselves for conducting new or revised tests.
It is the recommendation of the committee that the content of this publication be adopted for implementation nationally not earlier than 12 months or later than 36 months from the date of its publication.
Key words: Safety, Electric Toys
The contents of the corrigendum of August 2019 apply to the French text only.

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This European Standard specifies the requirements and test methods for N nitrosamines and N nitrosatable substances for:
   toys and parts of toys made from elastomers and intended for use by children under 36 months;
   toys and parts of toys made from elastomers and intended to be placed in the mouth;
   finger paints for children under 36 months.
EXAMPLES   Examples of toys made from elastomers are balloons and teethers.

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This European Standard specifies the requirements and test methods for N nitrosamines and N nitrosatable substances for:
   toys and parts of toys made from elastomers and intended for use by children under 36 months;
   toys and parts of toys made from elastomers and intended to be placed in the mouth;
   finger paints for children under 36 months.
EXAMPLES   Examples of toys made from elastomers are balloons and teethers.

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This Technical Report provides guidelines for the determination of the lowest age at which children
start playing with toys in specific toy sub-categories and is primarily directed to manufacturers and
agencies that evaluate the compliance of toys with safety standards.
This Technical Report can also be used as a reference to determine the appropriateness of toys by earliest
age, for use by distributors, institutions, and organizations involved with child play, as well as by paediatric
institutions, teachers, other professionals that use toys in their routine activities, and consumers.
The age at which children develop different abilities is unique for each individual child. These guidelines
illustrate the age ranges during which a typical child has developed certain abilities.
Although age grading has safety implications, these guidelines are not intended to address specific
safety requirements. Specific safety requirements for toys can be found in the ISO 8124 series of toy
safety standards (and in other regional toy safety standards and regulations). As an example, such
standards will restrict the presence of small parts and small balls in toys intended for certain age
groups, due to the choking hazard.
These age determination guidelines are based on the advice of experts and traditional play patterns
of children; they might differ from national or regional regulations or directives that classify a toy, or
category of toy, as being intended for a different age.
Annex B gives details on how information on electronic toys and electronics in toys was considered in
the development of these age determination guidelines.

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ISO/TR 8124-8:2016 provides guidelines for the determination of the lowest age at which children start playing with toys in specific toy sub-categories and is primarily directed to manufacturers and agencies that evaluate the compliance of toys with safety standards.
This Technical Report can also be used as a reference to determine the appropriateness of toys by earliest age, for use by distributors, institutions, and organizations involved with child play, as well as by paediatric institutions, teachers, other professionals that use toys in their routine activities, and consumers.
The age at which children develop different abilities is unique for each individual child. These guidelines illustrate the age ranges during which a typical child has developed certain abilities.
Although age grading has safety implications, these guidelines are not intended to address specific safety requirements. Specific safety requirements for toys can be found in the ISO 8124 series of toy safety standards (and in other regional toy safety standards and regulations). As an example, such standards will restrict the presence of small parts and small balls in toys intended for certain age groups, due to the choking hazard.
These age determination guidelines are based on the advice of experts and traditional play patterns of children; they might differ from national or regional regulations or directives that classify a toy, or category of toy, as being intended for a different age.
Annex B gives details on how information on electronic toys and electronics in toys was considered in the development of these age determination guidelines.

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ISO/TR 8124-8:2016 provides guidelines for the determination of the lowest age at which children start playing with toys in specific toy sub-categories and is primarily directed to manufacturers and agencies that evaluate the compliance of toys with safety standards. This Technical Report can also be used as a reference to determine the appropriateness of toys by earliest age, for use by distributors, institutions, and organizations involved with child play, as well as by paediatric institutions, teachers, other professionals that use toys in their routine activities, and consumers. The age at which children develop different abilities is unique for each individual child. These guidelines illustrate the age ranges during which a typical child has developed certain abilities. Although age grading has safety implications, these guidelines are not intended to address specific safety requirements. Specific safety requirements for toys can be found in the ISO 8124 series of toy safety standards (and in other regional toy safety standards and regulations). As an example, such standards will restrict the presence of small parts and small balls in toys intended for certain age groups, due to the choking hazard. These age determination guidelines are based on the advice of experts and traditional play patterns of children; they might differ from national or regional regulations or directives that classify a toy, or category of toy, as being intended for a different age. Annex B gives details on how information on electronic toys and electronics in toys was considered in the development of these age determination guidelines.

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This Technical report presents the results of a European Study on "Children's mouthing behaviour in contact with toys". It provides statistical data on the duration and frequency that children under 36 months introduce toys into their mouths and estimated data on the time children under 36 months spend mouthing toys each day.
Furthermore, it provides information on
-   the literature focused on children's mouthing behaviour, including commonly used methodologies and significant results;
-   the design and methodology of the study;
-   the data on the children and toy sample;
-   the forms used in data collection.

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This Technical Report presents the results of a European Study on “Children's mouthing behaviour in contact with toys”. It provides statistical data on the duration and frequency that children under 36 months introduce toys into their mouths and estimated data on the time children under 36 months spend mouthing toys each day.
Furthermore, it provides information on:
-   the literature focused on children's mouthing behaviour, including commonly used methodologies and significant results;
-   the design and methodology of the study;
-   the data on the children and toy sample;
-   the forms used in data collection.

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This European Standard specifies requirements and test methods for the substances and materials used in chemical toys (sets) other than experimental sets. These substances and mixtures are:
   those classified as dangerous by the EC-legislation applying to dangerous substances and dangerous mixtures [5];
   substances and mixtures which in excessive amounts could harm the health of the children using them and which are not classified as dangerous by the above mentioned legislation; and
   any other chemical substance(s) and mixture(s) delivered with the chemical toy.
NOTE   The terms “substance” and “mixture” are defined in the REACH regulation No. (EC)1907/2006 and in the CLP regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008.
Additionally, requirements are specified for markings, warnings, safety rules, contents list, instructions for use and first aid information.
This Part of EN 71 applies to:
   plaster of Paris (gypsum) moulding sets;
   ceramic and vitreous enamelling materials supplied in miniature workshop sets;
   oven-hardening plasticised PVC modelling clay sets;
   plastic moulding sets;
   embedding sets;
   adhesives, paints, lacquers, varnishes, thinners and cleaning agents (solvents), supplied or recommended in model sets.

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ISO 8124-7:2015 specifies requirements for the substances and materials used in finger paints. It is applicable to finger paints only. It is not applicable to paints intended to be applied to the face or body e.g. face paints. Additional requirements are specified for markings, labelling and containers.

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This European Standard specifies requirements and test methods for the substances and materials used in chemical toys (sets) other than experimental sets. These substances and mixtures are:
   those classified as dangerous by the EC-legislation applying to dangerous substances and dangerous mixtures [5];
   substances and mixtures which in excessive amounts could harm the health of the children using them and which are not classified as dangerous by the above mentioned legislation; and
   any other chemical substance(s) and mixture(s) delivered with the chemical toy.
NOTE   The terms “substance” and “mixture” are defined in the REACH regulation No. (EC)1907/2006 and in the CLP regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008.
Additionally, requirements are specified for markings, warnings, safety rules, contents list, instructions for use and first aid information.
This Part of EN 71 applies to:
   plaster of Paris (gypsum) moulding sets;
   ceramic and vitreous enamelling materials supplied in miniature workshop sets;
   oven-hardening plasticised PVC modelling clay sets;
   plastic moulding sets;
   embedding sets;
   adhesives, paints, lacquers, varnishes, thinners and cleaning agents (solvents), supplied or recommended in model sets.

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ISO 8124-5:2015 specifies methods of sampling and digestion prior to analysis of the total concentration of the elements antimony, arsenic, barium, cadmium, chromium, lead, mercury, and selenium from toy materials and from parts of toys. Digestion methods for the elements mentioned above are specified for the following types of toy materials: coatings of paints, varnishes, lacquers, printing inks, polymers, and similar coatings; polymeric and similar materials, including laminates, whether textile-reinforced or not, but excluding other textiles; paper, paperboard, and cardboard; natural or synthetic textiles; metallic materials whether coated or not; other materials, whether mass-coloured or not (e.g. wood, fibreboard, hardboard, bone, and leather); materials intended to leave a trace (e.g. the graphite materials in pencils and liquid ink in pens); pliable modelling materials, including modelling clays and gels; paints to be used as such in the toy, including finger paints, varnishes, lacquers, and similar materials in solid or liquid form; packaging materials that form part of the toy or have intended play value.

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2013-12-16 - UAP editing allocated to aclausse@cencenelec.eu
D146/C028: NWI approved

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2013-12-16 - UAP editing allocated to aclausse@cencenelec.eu * D146/C028: NWI approved

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