Space data and information transfer systems -- Space link extension -- Application program interface for transfer services -- Core specification

This document defines the Application Program Interface in terms of: the components that provide the services of the API; the functionality provided by each of the components; the interfaces provided by each of the components; and the externally visible behavior associated with the interfaces exported by the components. It does not specify: individual implementations or products; the internal design of the components; and the technology used for communications. This document defines those aspects of the Application Program Interface, which are common for all SLE service types or for a subset of the SLE service types, e.g., all return link services or all forward link services. It also defines a framework for specification of service type-specific elements of the API. Service-specific aspects of the API are defined by supplemental Recommended Practice documents for SLE return link services (references [10], [11], and [12]) and SLE forward link services (references [13] and [14]). This document for the Application Program Interface responds to the requirements imposed on such an API by the CCSDS SLE transfer service Recommended Standards that were available when this document was released.

Systèmes de transfert des informations et données spatiales -- Extension de liaisons spatiales -- Interface du programme d'application pour les services de transfert -- Spécification de base

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
29-Jun-2021
Current Stage
5060 - Close of voting Proof returned by Secretariat
Start Date
28-May-2021
Completion Date
28-May-2021
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 18441
Third edition
2021-06
Space data and information transfer
systems — Space link extension —
Application program interface for
transfer services — Core specification
Systèmes de transfert des informations et données spatiales —
Extension de liaisons spatiales — Interface du programme
d'application pour les services de transfert — Spécification de base
Reference number
ISO 18441:2021(E)
ISO 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 18441:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 18441:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national

standards bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally

carried out through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a

technical committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee.

International organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part

in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all

matters of electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for

the different types of ISO documents should be noted (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject

of patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details

of any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction

and/or on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see

www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

This document was prepared by the Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems (CCSDS) (as

CCSDS 914.0-M-2 Cor.1, August 2016) and was adopted (without modifications) by Technical

Committee ISO/TC 20, Space vehicles, Subcommittee SC 13, Space data and information transfer

systems.

This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition (ISO 18441:2016), which has been

technically revised.
The main changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:

— references CCSDS 913.1-B for one-way hash function algorithm and removes reference to Secure

Hash Algorithm standard.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body.

A complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org/members.html.
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 18441:2021(E)
API FOR SLE TRANSFER SERVICES—CORE SPECIFICATION
CONTENTS
Section Page

1 INTRODUCTION.......................................................................................................... 1-1

1.1 PURPOSE OF THIS RECOMMENDED PRACTICE .......................................... 1-1

1.2 SCOPE .................................................................................................................... 1-1

1.3 APPLICABILITY ................................................................................................... 1-2

1.4 RATIONALE.......................................................................................................... 1-3

1.5 DOCUMENT STRUCTURE ................................................................................. 1-4

1.6 DEFINITIONS ....................................................................................................... 1-7

1.7 REFERENCES ..................................................................................................... 1-10

2 DESCRIPTION OF THE SLE API ............................................................................. 2-1

2.1 INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................. 2-1

2.2 SPECIFICATION METHOD AND NOTATION ................................................. 2-2

2.3 LOGICAL VIEW ................................................................................................... 2-7

2.4 SECURITY ASPECTS OF CORE SLE API CAPABILITIES............................ 2-58

3 SPECIFICATION OF API COMPONENTS .............................................................. 3-1

3.1 INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................. 3-1

3.2 API PROXY ........................................................................................................... 3-1

3.3 API SERVICE ELEMENT ................................................................................... 3-27

3.4 SLE OPERATIONS ............................................................................................. 3-52

3.5 SLE UTILITIES ................................................................................................... 3-56

3.6 SLE APPLICATION ............................................................................................ 3-64

3.7 HANDLING OF IN PROCESS THREADS AND EXTERNAL EVENTS ........ 3-71

4 STATE TABLES ............................................................................................................ 4-1

4.1 INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................. 4-1

4.2 NOTATION ............................................................................................................ 4-1

4.3 GENERAL ERROR HANDLING CONVENTIONS ............................................ 4-2

4.4 STATE TABLE FOR ASSOCIATIONS ............................................................... 4-2

4.5 STATE TABLES FOR SERVICE INSTANCES ................................................ 4-15

ANNEX A SPECIFICATION OF COMMON INTERFACES (NORMATIVE) ...... A-1

ANNEX B RESULT CODES (NORMATIVE) ..............................................................B-1

ANNEX C STRUCTURE OF THE SERVICE INSTANCE IDENTIFIER FOR
VERSION 1 OF THE SLE SERVICES RAF, RCF, AND CLTU

(NORMATIVE) ............................................................................................. C-1

ANNEX D SIMPLE COMPONENT MODEL (NORMATIVE)................................. D-1
CCSDS 914.0-M-2 Page vi September 2015
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 18441:2021(E)
API FOR SLE TRANSFER SERVICES—CORE SPECIFICATION
CONTENTS (continued)
Section Page

ANNEX E CONFORMANCE (NORMATIVE) ............................................................E-1

ANNEX F INTERACTION OF COMPONENTS (INFORMATIVE)........................ F-1
ANNEX G INTERFACE CROSS REFERENCE (INFORMATIVE) ........................ G-1

ANNEX H INDEX TO DEFINITIONS (INFORMATIVE) ........................................ H-1

ANNEX I ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS (INFORMATIVE) ...................... I-1

ANNEX J INFORMATIVE REFERENCES (INFORMATIVE) ............................... J-1

Figure

1-1  SLE Services and SLE API Documentation ................................................................. 1-6

2-1  UML Stereotypes Used in This Recommended Practice .............................................. 2-3

2-2  Top Level Decomposition of the API ........................................................................... 2-7

2-3  Structure of the Package API Proxy ............................................................................. 2-9

2-4  Reporting and Tracing by the Proxy ........................................................................... 2-10

2-5  Configuration Database of the Proxy.......................................................................... 2-20

2-6  Structure of the Package API Service Element .......................................................... 2-23

2-7  Reporting and Tracing by the Service Element .......................................................... 2-24

2-8  Sequential Control Interface Component Class Controlled Component .................... 2-39

2-9  Concurrent Control Interface ...................................................................................... 2-43

2-10  Structure of the Package SLE Application ................................................................. 2-44

2-11  Reporting and Tracing Interfaces Provided by the Application ................................. 2-45

2-12  Operation Objects ....................................................................................................... 2-49

2-13  Operation Object Interfaces for Common Association Management ......................... 2-53

2-14  Common SLE Operation Objects ............................................................................... 2-54

2-15  SLE Utilities ............................................................................................................... 2-56

4-1  Processing Context for the Association State Table ..................................................... 4-3

4-2  Processing Context for the Service Instance State Table ........................................... 4-16

B-1  Structure of Result Codes .............................................................................................B-1

F-1  Configuration of Components ...................................................................................... F-3

F-2  Configuration of Interfaces for Service Provisioning ................................................... F-3

F-3  Interaction of API Components .................................................................................... F-4

F-4  Initialization and Shutdown .......................................................................................... F-5

F-5  Collaboration Diagram for Use of Operation Objects .................................................. F-8

F-6  Sequence Diagram for Use of Operation Objects ......................................................... F-9

F-7  User Side Binding (User Initiated Bind)..................................................................... F-12

F-8  User Side Unbinding (User Initiated Bind) ................................................................ F-13

F-9  Provider Side Binding (User Initiated Bind) .............................................................. F-14

F-10  Provider Side Unbinding (User Initiated Bind) .......................................................... F-16

CCSDS 914.0-M-2 Page vii September 2015
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO 18441:2021(E)
API FOR SLE TRANSFER SERVICES—CORE SPECIFICATION
CONTENTS (continued)
Table Page

C-1  Identifiers and Abbreviations for Attributes .................................................................C-3

E-1  Optional Features for the API Proxy ............................................................................ E-3

E-2  Optional Features for the API Service Element ............................................................ E-6

E-3  Parameters That May Be Constrained by a Proxy ........................................................ E-9

E-4  Parameters That May Be Constrained by a Service Element ..................................... E-10

CCSDS 914.0-M-2 Page viii September 2015
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 18441:2021(E)
API FOR SLE TRANSFER SERVICES—CORE SPECIFICATION
1 INTRODUCTION
1.1 PURPOSE OF THIS RECOMMENDED PRACTICE

The purpose of this Recommended Practice is to define a C++ Application Program Interface

(API) for CCSDS Space Link Extension (SLE) Transfer Services, which is independent of

any specific technology used for communications between an SLE service user and an SLE

service provider.

This API is intended for use by application programs implementing SLE services. It can be

configured to support SLE service user applications or SLE service provider applications.

This API is also intended to simplify the implementation of gateways that are required to

achieve interoperability between SLE service provider and SLE service user applications

using different communications technologies.

Using this Application Program Interface Recommended Practice, API implementations

(software packages) able to run on specific platforms can be developed. Once developed,

such a package can be supplied to new users of SLE services for integration with their user or

production facilities, thus minimizing their investment to buy into SLE support.
1.2 SCOPE
1.2.1 ITEMS COVERED BY THIS RECOMMENDED PRACTICE
This Recommended Practice defines the Application Program Interface in terms of:
a) the components that provide the services of the API;
b) the functionality provided by each of the components;
c) the interfaces provided by each of the components; and

d) the externally visible behavior associated with the interfaces exported by the components.

It does not specify:
a) individual implementations or products;
b) the internal design of the components; and
c) the technology used for communications.

This Recommended Practice defines those aspects of the Application Program Interface,

which are common for all SLE service types or for a subset of the SLE service types, e.g., all

return link services or all forward link services. It also defines a framework for specification

of service type-specific elements of the API. Service-specific aspects of the API are defined

by supplemental Recommended Practice documents for SLE return link services (references

[10], [11], and [12]) and SLE forward link services (references [13] and [14]).
CCSDS 914.0-M-2 Page 1-1 September 2015
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO 18441:2021(E)
API FOR SLE TRANSFER SERVICES—CORE SPECIFICATION
This Recommended Practice for the Application Program Interface responds to the

requirements imposed on such an API by the CCSDS SLE transfer service Recommended

Standards that were available when this Recommended Practice was released.
1.2.2 CONFORMANCE TO CCSDS RECOMMENDED STANDARDS

This version of the SLE API Recommended Practice conforms to the CCSDS Recommended

Standards for Space Link Extension Services, referenced in 1.7, with the exception of the

following optional features:
a) The negotiation procedure for version numbers in the BIND operation is not

supported. If the responder does not support the version number identified in the

BIND Invocation, it responds with a BIND Return containing a negative result and

the diagnostic ‘version number not supported’. The responder does not propose an

alternative version number.

b) Provider-initiated binding, specified by CCSDS Recommended Standards for return

link services is not included in this Recommended Practice. The management

parameters that specify the bind initiative are supported to simplify addition of this

procedure in later versions.
1.3 APPLICABILITY

The Application Program Interface specified in this document supports three generations of

SLE Transfer Service specifications, namely:

a) Generation 1 covering the services RAF, RCF, and FCLTU identified by the version

number 1 in the BIND operation, as specified by references [C1], [C2], and [C3];
b) Generation 2 covering
1) the services RAF, RCF, and FCLTU identified by the version number 2 in the
BIND operation, as specified by references [J9], [J10], and [J12];
2) the services ROCF and FSP identified by the version number 1 in the BIND
operation, as specified by references [J11] and [J13];

c) Generation 3 covering the services RAF, RCF, ROCF, FCLTU, and FSP identified by

the version number 4 in the BIND operation, as specified by references [4], [5], [6],

[7], and [8].
CCSDS 914.0-M-2 Page 1-2 September 2015
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO 18441:2021(E)
API FOR SLE TRANSFER SERVICES—CORE SPECIFICATION

Support for Generation 1 and Generation 2 of these services is included for backward

compatibility purposes for a limited time and may not be continued in future versions of this

specification. Support for Generation 1 (i.e., version 1 of the RAF, RCF and CLTU services)

implies that SLE API implementations of this specification are able to interoperate with peer

SLE systems that comply with the specification of the Transport Mapping Layer (TML) in

‘Specification of a SLE API Proxy for TCP/IP and ASN.1’, ESOC, SLES-SW-API-0002-TOS-

GCI, Issue 1.1, February 2001. For Generation 2 and 3 of these services, SLE API

implementations of this specification are able to interoperate with peer SLE systems that

comply with the specification of the Transport Mapping Layer (TML) in reference [9].

Provisions within this Recommended Practice that are specific for one or more generations

are marked as follows:
– [Gn:] for provisions specific to Generation n;
– [Gn,m:] for provisions specific to Generation n and Generation m.
Provisions that apply to all generations are not marked.
1.4 RATIONALE
This Recommended Practice describes the services provided by a software package

implementing the API to application software using the API. It specifies the mapping of the

SLE Transfer Services specifications to specific functions and parameters of the SLE API. It

also specifies the distribution of responsibility for specific functions between SLE API

software and application software. The distribution of responsibility has been defined with

due consideration for reusability of software packages implementing the SLE API.

The goal of this Recommended Practice is to create a guide for interoperability between

a) software packages implementing the SLE API; and
b) application software using the SLE API.

This interoperability guide also allows exchangeability of different products implementing

the SLE API, as long as they adhere to the interface specification of this Recommended

Practice.
CCSDS 914.0-M-2 Page 1-3 September 2015
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO 18441:2021(E)
API FOR SLE TRANSFER SERVICES—CORE SPECIFICATION
1.5 DOCUMENT STRUCTURE
1.5.1 OVERVIEW
This Recommended Practice is organized in two parts and a set of annexes.
1.5.1.1 Part I—The Descriptive Part

The descriptive part presents the API Model in section 2 using the Unified Modeling

Language (UML) (see reference [J6]).
1.5.1.2 Part II—The Prescriptive Part

The prescriptive part contains the specification of the API. In case of any discrepancies

between the descriptive part and the prescriptive part, the specifications in the latter shall

apply.

Section 3 contains detailed specifications of the API components and of the interfaces that

must be provided by the application.
Section 4 defines the state tables that must be implemented by the API.
1.5.1.3 Annexes

Annex A contains the detailed declaration of the C++ interfaces, which are common for all

SLE service types.
Annex B lists the result codes that are used by the API.

[G1:] For version 1 of the services RAF, RCF, and CLTU, annex C defines a standard ASCII

representation for the service instance identifier and lists the attribute identifiers and

abbreviations that are valid for the service instance identifier.

[G2,3:] For later versions of these services and all other services, these specifications are

provided by the applicable CCSDS Recommended Standards.

Annex D describes the design patterns and conventions that shall be applied to API

components. The specifications in this annex are also relevant for the application software

using the API.

Annex E defines requirements for software products claiming conformance with this

Recommended Practice.
Annex F describes the interaction of API components, showing several use cases.
CCSDS 914.0-M-2 Page 1-4 September 2015
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---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO 18441:2021(E)
API FOR SLE TRANSFER SERVICES—CORE SPECIFICATION

Annex G provides cross-references between interfaces provided by API components and

interfaces used by API components.
Annex H contains an index to definitions.
Annex I explains all acronyms used in this Recommended Practice.
Annex J lists informative reference documents.
1.5.2 DOCUMENTATION TREE FOR SLE SERVICES AND SLE API
This Recommended Practice is based on the cross support model defined in the SLE

Reference Model (reference [3]). The SLE services constitute one of the three types of Cross

Support Services:
a) Part 1: SLE Services;
b) Part 2: Ground Domain Services; and
c) Part 3: Ground Communications Services.

The SLE services are further divided into SLE Service Management and SLE Transfer

Services.

NOTE – In reference [3], SLE transfer services are identified; however, the complete

service specifications will be provided in separate Recommended Standards.

This Recommended Practice describes how the functions of an SLE transfer service provider

or user can be implemented in a software package for the purpose of providing or using one

or several SLE transfer services. It is part of a suite of documents specifying the API for

SLE transfer services:

a) Core Specification of the Application Program Interface for Transfer Services (this

Recommended Practice);
b) a set of Application Program Interfaces for specific Transfer Services; and
c) Internet Protocol for Transfer Services.
The basic organization of the SLE services and SLE API documentation is shown in
figure 1-1. The various documents are described in the following paragraphs.
CCSDS 914.0-M-2 Page 1-5 September 2015
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
ISO 18441:2021(E)
API FOR SLE TRANSFER SERVICES—CORE SPECIFICATION
Space Link Extension
Cross Support
Cross Support Concept SLE Executive
Reference Model
Part 1: SLE Services Summary
Part 1: SLE Services
SLE Transfer Services
Forward SLE Service Return SLE Service Internet Protocol for SLE Service
Specifications Specifications Transfer Services Management Suite
SLE API for Transfer Services
Core Specification Summary of
Concept and
Rationale
Forward Return
Application
SLE Service SLE Service
Programmer’s
Specifications Specifications
Guide
Recommended Recommended
Legend: Report (Green) Report (Yellow)
Standard (Blue) Practice (Magenta)
Figure 1-1: SLE Services and SLE API Documentation
a) Cross Support Reference Model—Part 1: Space Link Extension Services, a
Recommended Standard that defines the framework and terminology for the
specification of SLE services.

b) Cross Support Concept—Part 1: Space Link Extension Services, a Report introducing

the concepts of cross support and the SLE services.
c) Space Link Extension Services—Executive Summary, an Administrative Report
providing an overview of Space Link Extension (SLE) Services. It is designed to
assist readers with their review of existing and future SLE documentation.

d) Forward SLE Service Specifications, a set of Recommended Standards that provide

specifications of all forward link SLE services.

e) Return SLE Service Specifications, a set of Recommended Standards that provide

specifications of all return link SLE services.
CCSDS 914.0-M-2 Page 1-6 September 2015
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
ISO 18441:2021(E)
API FOR SLE TRANSFER SERVICES—CORE SPECIFICATION
f) Internet Protocol for Transfer Services, a Recommended Standard providing the
specification of the wire protocol used for SLE transfer services.
g) SLE Service Management Specifications, a set of Recommended Standards that
establish the basis of SLE service management.
h) Application Program Interface for Transfer Services—Core Specification, this
document.
i) Application Program Interface for Transfer Services—Summary of Concept and
Rationale, a Report describing the concept and rationale for specification and
implementation of a Application Program Interface for SLE Transfer Services.

j) Application Program Interface for Return Services, a set of Recommended Practice

documents specifying the service-type specific extensions of the API for return link

SLE services.

k) Application Program Interface for Forward Services, a set of Recommended Practice

documents specifying the service-type specific extensions of the API for forward link

SLE services.
l) Application Program Interface for Transfer Services—Application Programmer’s

Guide, a Report containing guidance material and software source code examples for

software developers using the API.
1.6 DEFINITIONS
1.6.1 DEFINITION OF TERMS USED IN THIS DOCUMENT
1.6.1.1 Definitions from the SLE Reference Model

This Recommended Practice makes use of the following terms defined in reference [3]:

a) invoker;
b) offline delivery mode;
c) online delivery mode;
d) operation;
e) performer;
f) service provider (provider);
g) service user (user);
h) SLE protocol data unit (SLE-PDU);
i) SLE transfer service instance (service instance);
j) SLE transfer service production (service production);
CCSDS 914.0-M-2 Page 1-7 September 2015
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---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
ISO 18441:2021(E)
API FOR SLE TRANSFER SERVICES—CORE SPECIFICATION
k) SLE transfer service provision (service provision);
l) SLE transfer service provision period (provision period).
1.6.1.2 Definitions from the ISO Abstract Service Definitions and Conventions

This Recommended Practice makes use of the following terms defined in reference [19]:

a) initiator;
b) responder.
1.6.1.3 Definitions from SLE Transfer Service Specifications

This Recommended Practice makes use of the following terms defined in references [4], [5],

[6], [7], and [8]:
a) association;
b) communications service;
c) confirmed operation;
d) invocation;
e) parameter (of an operation);
f) port identifier;
g) return;
h) unconfirmed operation.
1.6.1.4 Additional Definitions
1.6.1.4.1 General

For the purpose of this Recommended Practice, the following definitions also apply:

1.6.1.4.2 Component

A software module, providing a well-defined service via a set of interfaces. In this document

the term component is used only to refer to the API components defined by this
Recommended Practice.
CCSDS 914.0-M-2 Page 1-8 September 2015
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---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
ISO 18441:2021(E)
API FOR SLE TRANSFER SERVICES—CORE SPECIFICATION
1.6.1.4.3 Component Interface
An interface exported by a component.
1.6.1.4.4 Component Object

An object within a component that can be accessed by one or more interfaces exported by the

component. Objects providing more than one interface support navigation between these

interfaces.
1.6.1.4.5 Client

A software entity that uses the services of a component or of an object by invocation of the

methods of an interface provided by the component or object. In this Recommended Practice

the qualified term ‘local client’ is used to stress the difference between an interface to a

software entity on the same computer and the interface between an SLE service user and an

SLE service provider.
1.6.1.4.6 Interface

The abstraction of a service that only defines the operations supported by that service, but not

their implementations. The specification of an operation is referred to as a method.

1.6.2 NOMENCLATURE
1.6.2.1 Normative Text

The following conventions apply for the normative specifications in this Recommended

Standard:
a) the words ‘shall’ and ‘must’ imply a binding and verifiable specification;
b) the word ‘should’ implies an optional, but desirable, specification;
c) the word ‘may’ implies an optional specification;
d) the words ‘is’, ‘are’, and ‘will’ imply statements of fact.

NOTE – These conventions do not imply constraints on diction in text that is clearly

informative in nature.
CCSDS 914.0-M-2 Page 1-9 September 2015
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---------------------- Page: 15 ----------------------
ISO 18441:2021(E)
API FOR SLE TRANSFER SERVICES—CORE SPECIFICATION
1.6.2.2 Informative Text

In the normative sections of this document, informative text is set off from the normative

specifications either in notes or under one of the following subsection headings:

– Overview;
– Background;
– Rationale;
– Discussion.
1.6.2.3 Use of the Term ‘Client’

In a complete SLE API, the API Proxy interacts with the API Service Element in the same

process and wi
...

INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 18441
Third edition
Space data and information transfer
systems — Space link extension —
Application program interface for
transfer services — Core specification
Systèmes de transfert des informations et données spatiales —
Extension de liaisons spatiales — Interface du programme
d'application pour les services de transfert — Spécification de base
PROOF/ÉPREUVE
Reference number
ISO 18441:2021(E)
ISO 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 18441:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 18441:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national

standards bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally

carried out through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a

technical committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee.

International organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part

in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all

matters of electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for

the different types of ISO documents should be noted (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject

of patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details

of any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction

and/or on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see

www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

This document was prepared by the Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems (CCSDS) (as

CCSDS 914.0-M-2 Cor.1, August 2016) and was adopted (without modifications) by Technical

Committee ISO/TC 20, Space vehicles, Subcommittee SC 13, Space data and information transfer

systems.

This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition (ISO 18441:2016), which has been

technically revised.
The main changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:

— references CCSDS 913.1-B for one-way hash function algorithm and removes reference to Secure

Hash Algorithm standard.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body.

A complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org/members.html.
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ISO 18441:2021(E)
API FOR SLE TRANSFER SERVICES—CORE SPECIFICATION
CONTENTS
Section Page

1 INTRODUCTION.......................................................................................................... 1-1

1.1 PURPOSE OF THIS RECOMMENDED PRACTICE .......................................... 1-1

1.2 SCOPE .................................................................................................................... 1-1

1.3 APPLICABILITY ................................................................................................... 1-2

1.4 RATIONALE.......................................................................................................... 1-3

1.5 DOCUMENT STRUCTURE ................................................................................. 1-4

1.6 DEFINITIONS ....................................................................................................... 1-7

1.7 REFERENCES ..................................................................................................... 1-10

2 DESCRIPTION OF THE SLE API ............................................................................. 2-1

2.1 INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................. 2-1

2.2 SPECIFICATION METHOD AND NOTATION ................................................. 2-2

2.3 LOGICAL VIEW ................................................................................................... 2-7

2.4 SECURITY ASPECTS OF CORE SLE API CAPABILITIES............................ 2-58

3 SPECIFICATION OF API COMPONENTS .............................................................. 3-1

3.1 INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................. 3-1

3.2 API PROXY ........................................................................................................... 3-1

3.3 API SERVICE ELEMENT ................................................................................... 3-27

3.4 SLE OPERATIONS ............................................................................................. 3-52

3.5 SLE UTILITIES ................................................................................................... 3-56

3.6 SLE APPLICATION ............................................................................................ 3-64

3.7 HANDLING OF IN PROCESS THREADS AND EXTERNAL EVENTS ........ 3-71

4 STATE TABLES ............................................................................................................ 4-1

4.1 INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................. 4-1

4.2 NOTATION ............................................................................................................ 4-1

4.3 GENERAL ERROR HANDLING CONVENTIONS ............................................ 4-2

4.4 STATE TABLE FOR ASSOCIATIONS ............................................................... 4-2

4.5 STATE TABLES FOR SERVICE INSTANCES ................................................ 4-15

ANNEX A SPECIFICATION OF COMMON INTERFACES (NORMATIVE) ...... A-1

ANNEX B RESULT CODES (NORMATIVE) ..............................................................B-1

ANNEX C STRUCTURE OF THE SERVICE INSTANCE IDENTIFIER FOR
VERSION 1 OF THE SLE SERVICES RAF, RCF, AND CLTU

(NORMATIVE) ............................................................................................. C-1

ANNEX D SIMPLE COMPONENT MODEL (NORMATIVE)................................. D-1
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API FOR SLE TRANSFER SERVICES—CORE SPECIFICATION
CONTENTS (continued)
Section Page

ANNEX E CONFORMANCE (NORMATIVE) ............................................................E-1

ANNEX F INTERACTION OF COMPONENTS (INFORMATIVE)........................ F-1
ANNEX G INTERFACE CROSS REFERENCE (INFORMATIVE) ........................ G-1

ANNEX H INDEX TO DEFINITIONS (INFORMATIVE) ........................................ H-1

ANNEX I ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS (INFORMATIVE) ...................... I-1

ANNEX J INFORMATIVE REFERENCES (INFORMATIVE) ............................... J-1

Figure

1-1  SLE Services and SLE API Documentation ................................................................. 1-6

2-1  UML Stereotypes Used in This Recommended Practice .............................................. 2-3

2-2  Top Level Decomposition of the API ........................................................................... 2-7

2-3  Structure of the Package API Proxy ............................................................................. 2-9

2-4  Reporting and Tracing by the Proxy ........................................................................... 2-10

2-5  Configuration Database of the Proxy.......................................................................... 2-20

2-6  Structure of the Package API Service Element .......................................................... 2-23

2-7  Reporting and Tracing by the Service Element .......................................................... 2-24

2-8  Sequential Control Interface Component Class Controlled Component .................... 2-39

2-9  Concurrent Control Interface ...................................................................................... 2-43

2-10  Structure of the Package SLE Application ................................................................. 2-44

2-11  Reporting and Tracing Interfaces Provided by the Application ................................. 2-45

2-12  Operation Objects ....................................................................................................... 2-49

2-13  Operation Object Interfaces for Common Association Management ......................... 2-53

2-14  Common SLE Operation Objects ............................................................................... 2-54

2-15  SLE Utilities ............................................................................................................... 2-56

4-1  Processing Context for the Association State Table ..................................................... 4-3

4-2  Processing Context for the Service Instance State Table ........................................... 4-16

B-1  Structure of Result Codes .............................................................................................B-1

F-1  Configuration of Components ...................................................................................... F-3

F-2  Configuration of Interfaces for Service Provisioning ................................................... F-3

F-3  Interaction of API Components .................................................................................... F-4

F-4  Initialization and Shutdown .......................................................................................... F-5

F-5  Collaboration Diagram for Use of Operation Objects .................................................. F-8

F-6  Sequence Diagram for Use of Operation Objects ......................................................... F-9

F-7  User Side Binding (User Initiated Bind)..................................................................... F-12

F-8  User Side Unbinding (User Initiated Bind) ................................................................ F-13

F-9  Provider Side Binding (User Initiated Bind) .............................................................. F-14

F-10  Provider Side Unbinding (User Initiated Bind) .......................................................... F-16

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ISO 18441:2021(E)
API FOR SLE TRANSFER SERVICES—CORE SPECIFICATION
CONTENTS (continued)
Table Page

C-1  Identifiers and Abbreviations for Attributes .................................................................C-3

E-1  Optional Features for the API Proxy ............................................................................ E-3

E-2  Optional Features for the API Service Element ............................................................ E-6

E-3  Parameters That May Be Constrained by a Proxy ........................................................ E-9

E-4  Parameters That May Be Constrained by a Service Element ..................................... E-10

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ISO 18441:2021(E)
API FOR SLE TRANSFER SERVICES—CORE SPECIFICATION
1 INTRODUCTION
1.1 PURPOSE OF THIS RECOMMENDED PRACTICE

The purpose of this Recommended Practice is to define a C++ Application Program Interface

(API) for CCSDS Space Link Extension (SLE) Transfer Services, which is independent of

any specific technology used for communications between an SLE service user and an SLE

service provider.

This API is intended for use by application programs implementing SLE services. It can be

configured to support SLE service user applications or SLE service provider applications.

This API is also intended to simplify the implementation of gateways that are required to

achieve interoperability between SLE service provider and SLE service user applications

using different communications technologies.

Using this Application Program Interface Recommended Practice, API implementations

(software packages) able to run on specific platforms can be developed. Once developed,

such a package can be supplied to new users of SLE services for integration with their user or

production facilities, thus minimizing their investment to buy into SLE support.
1.2 SCOPE
1.2.1 ITEMS COVERED BY THIS RECOMMENDED PRACTICE
This Recommended Practice defines the Application Program Interface in terms of:
a) the components that provide the services of the API;
b) the functionality provided by each of the components;
c) the interfaces provided by each of the components; and

d) the externally visible behavior associated with the interfaces exported by the components.

It does not specify:
a) individual implementations or products;
b) the internal design of the components; and
c) the technology used for communications.

This Recommended Practice defines those aspects of the Application Program Interface,

which are common for all SLE service types or for a subset of the SLE service types, e.g., all

return link services or all forward link services. It also defines a framework for specification

of service type-specific elements of the API. Service-specific aspects of the API are defined

by supplemental Recommended Practice documents for SLE return link services (references

[10], [11], and [12]) and SLE forward link services (references [13] and [14]).
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ISO 18441:2021(E)
API FOR SLE TRANSFER SERVICES—CORE SPECIFICATION
This Recommended Practice for the Application Program Interface responds to the

requirements imposed on such an API by the CCSDS SLE transfer service Recommended

Standards that were available when this Recommended Practice was released.
1.2.2 CONFORMANCE TO CCSDS RECOMMENDED STANDARDS

This version of the SLE API Recommended Practice conforms to the CCSDS Recommended

Standards for Space Link Extension Services, referenced in 1.7, with the exception of the

following optional features:
a) The negotiation procedure for version numbers in the BIND operation is not

supported. If the responder does not support the version number identified in the

BIND Invocation, it responds with a BIND Return containing a negative result and

the diagnostic ‘version number not supported’. The responder does not propose an

alternative version number.

b) Provider-initiated binding, specified by CCSDS Recommended Standards for return

link services is not included in this Recommended Practice. The management

parameters that specify the bind initiative are supported to simplify addition of this

procedure in later versions.
1.3 APPLICABILITY

The Application Program Interface specified in this document supports three generations of

SLE Transfer Service specifications, namely:

a) Generation 1 covering the services RAF, RCF, and FCLTU identified by the version

number 1 in the BIND operation, as specified by references [C1], [C2], and [C3];
b) Generation 2 covering
1) the services RAF, RCF, and FCLTU identified by the version number 2 in the
BIND operation, as specified by references [J9], [J10], and [J12];
2) the services ROCF and FSP identified by the version number 1 in the BIND
operation, as specified by references [J11] and [J13];

c) Generation 3 covering the services RAF, RCF, ROCF, FCLTU, and FSP identified by

the version number 4 in the BIND operation, as specified by references [4], [5], [6],

[7], and [8].
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ISO 18441:2021(E)
API FOR SLE TRANSFER SERVICES—CORE SPECIFICATION

Support for Generation 1 and Generation 2 of these services is included for backward

compatibility purposes for a limited time and may not be continued in future versions of this

specification. Support for Generation 1 (i.e., version 1 of the RAF, RCF and CLTU services)

implies that SLE API implementations of this specification are able to interoperate with peer

SLE systems that comply with the specification of the Transport Mapping Layer (TML) in

‘Specification of a SLE API Proxy for TCP/IP and ASN.1’, ESOC, SLES-SW-API-0002-TOS-

GCI, Issue 1.1, February 2001. For Generation 2 and 3 of these services, SLE API

implementations of this specification are able to interoperate with peer SLE systems that

comply with the specification of the Transport Mapping Layer (TML) in reference [9].

Provisions within this Recommended Practice that are specific for one or more generations

are marked as follows:
– [Gn:] for provisions specific to Generation n;
– [Gn,m:] for provisions specific to Generation n and Generation m.
Provisions that apply to all generations are not marked.
1.4 RATIONALE
This Recommended Practice describes the services provided by a software package

implementing the API to application software using the API. It specifies the mapping of the

SLE Transfer Services specifications to specific functions and parameters of the SLE API. It

also specifies the distribution of responsibility for specific functions between SLE API

software and application software. The distribution of responsibility has been defined with

due consideration for reusability of software packages implementing the SLE API.

The goal of this Recommended Practice is to create a guide for interoperability between

a) software packages implementing the SLE API; and
b) application software using the SLE API.

This interoperability guide also allows exchangeability of different products implementing

the SLE API, as long as they adhere to the interface specification of this Recommended

Practice.
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ISO 18441:2021(E)
API FOR SLE TRANSFER SERVICES—CORE SPECIFICATION
1.5 DOCUMENT STRUCTURE
1.5.1 OVERVIEW
This Recommended Practice is organized in two parts and a set of annexes.
1.5.1.1 Part I—The Descriptive Part

The descriptive part presents the API Model in section 2 using the Unified Modeling

Language (UML) (see reference [J6]).
1.5.1.2 Part II—The Prescriptive Part

The prescriptive part contains the specification of the API. In case of any discrepancies

between the descriptive part and the prescriptive part, the specifications in the latter shall

apply.

Section 3 contains detailed specifications of the API components and of the interfaces that

must be provided by the application.
Section 4 defines the state tables that must be implemented by the API.
1.5.1.3 Annexes

Annex A contains the detailed declaration of the C++ interfaces, which are common for all

SLE service types.
Annex B lists the result codes that are used by the API.

[G1:] For version 1 of the services RAF, RCF, and CLTU, annex C defines a standard ASCII

representation for the service instance identifier and lists the attribute identifiers and

abbreviations that are valid for the service instance identifier.

[G2,3:] For later versions of these services and all other services, these specifications are

provided by the applicable CCSDS Recommended Standards.

Annex D describes the design patterns and conventions that shall be applied to API

components. The specifications in this annex are also relevant for the application software

using the API.

Annex E defines requirements for software products claiming conformance with this

Recommended Practice.
Annex F describes the interaction of API components, showing several use cases.
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ISO 18441:2021(E)
API FOR SLE TRANSFER SERVICES—CORE SPECIFICATION

Annex G provides cross-references between interfaces provided by API components and

interfaces used by API components.
Annex H contains an index to definitions.
Annex I explains all acronyms used in this Recommended Practice.
Annex J lists informative reference documents.
1.5.2 DOCUMENTATION TREE FOR SLE SERVICES AND SLE API
This Recommended Practice is based on the cross support model defined in the SLE

Reference Model (reference [3]). The SLE services constitute one of the three types of Cross

Support Services:
a) Part 1: SLE Services;
b) Part 2: Ground Domain Services; and
c) Part 3: Ground Communications Services.

The SLE services are further divided into SLE Service Management and SLE Transfer

Services.

NOTE – In reference [3], SLE transfer services are identified; however, the complete

service specifications will be provided in separate Recommended Standards.

This Recommended Practice describes how the functions of an SLE transfer service provider

or user can be implemented in a software package for the purpose of providing or using one

or several SLE transfer services. It is part of a suite of documents specifying the API for

SLE transfer services:

a) Core Specification of the Application Program Interface for Transfer Services (this

Recommended Practice);
b) a set of Application Program Interfaces for specific Transfer Services; and
c) Internet Protocol for Transfer Services.
The basic organization of the SLE services and SLE API documentation is shown in
figure 1-1. The various documents are described in the following paragraphs.
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ISO 18441:2021(E)
API FOR SLE TRANSFER SERVICES—CORE SPECIFICATION
Space Link Extension
Cross Support
Cross Support Concept SLE Executive
Reference Model
Part 1: SLE Services Summary
Part 1: SLE Services
SLE Transfer Services
Forward SLE Service Return SLE Service Internet Protocol for SLE Service
Specifications Specifications Transfer Services Management Suite
SLE API for Transfer Services
Core Specification Summary of
Concept and
Rationale
Forward Return
Application
SLE Service SLE Service
Programmer’s
Specifications Specifications
Guide
Recommended Recommended
Legend: Report (Green) Report (Yellow)
Standard (Blue) Practice (Magenta)
Figure 1-1: SLE Services and SLE API Documentation
a) Cross Support Reference Model—Part 1: Space Link Extension Services, a
Recommended Standard that defines the framework and terminology for the
specification of SLE services.

b) Cross Support Concept—Part 1: Space Link Extension Services, a Report introducing

the concepts of cross support and the SLE services.
c) Space Link Extension Services—Executive Summary, an Administrative Report
providing an overview of Space Link Extension (SLE) Services. It is designed to
assist readers with their review of existing and future SLE documentation.

d) Forward SLE Service Specifications, a set of Recommended Standards that provide

specifications of all forward link SLE services.

e) Return SLE Service Specifications, a set of Recommended Standards that provide

specifications of all return link SLE services.
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ISO 18441:2021(E)
API FOR SLE TRANSFER SERVICES—CORE SPECIFICATION
f) Internet Protocol for Transfer Services, a Recommended Standard providing the
specification of the wire protocol used for SLE transfer services.
g) SLE Service Management Specifications, a set of Recommended Standards that
establish the basis of SLE service management.
h) Application Program Interface for Transfer Services—Core Specification, this
document.
i) Application Program Interface for Transfer Services—Summary of Concept and
Rationale, a Report describing the concept and rationale for specification and
implementation of a Application Program Interface for SLE Transfer Services.

j) Application Program Interface for Return Services, a set of Recommended Practice

documents specifying the service-type specific extensions of the API for return link

SLE services.

k) Application Program Interface for Forward Services, a set of Recommended Practice

documents specifying the service-type specific extensions of the API for forward link

SLE services.
l) Application Program Interface for Transfer Services—Application Programmer’s

Guide, a Report containing guidance material and software source code examples for

software developers using the API.
1.6 DEFINITIONS
1.6.1 DEFINITION OF TERMS USED IN THIS DOCUMENT
1.6.1.1 Definitions from the SLE Reference Model

This Recommended Practice makes use of the following terms defined in reference [3]:

a) invoker;
b) offline delivery mode;
c) online delivery mode;
d) operation;
e) performer;
f) service provider (provider);
g) service user (user);
h) SLE protocol data unit (SLE-PDU);
i) SLE transfer service instance (service instance);
j) SLE transfer service production (service production);
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ISO 18441:2021(E)
API FOR SLE TRANSFER SERVICES—CORE SPECIFICATION
k) SLE transfer service provision (service provision);
l) SLE transfer service provision period (provision period).
1.6.1.2 Definitions from the ISO Abstract Service Definitions and Conventions

This Recommended Practice makes use of the following terms defined in reference [19]:

a) initiator;
b) responder.
1.6.1.3 Definitions from SLE Transfer Service Specifications

This Recommended Practice makes use of the following terms defined in references [4], [5],

[6], [7], and [8]:
a) association;
b) communications service;
c) confirmed operation;
d) invocation;
e) parameter (of an operation);
f) port identifier;
g) return;
h) unconfirmed operation.
1.6.1.4 Additional Definitions
1.6.1.4.1 General

For the purpose of this Recommended Practice, the following definitions also apply:

1.6.1.4.2 Component

A software module, providing a well-defined service via a set of interfaces. In this document

the term component is used only to refer to the API components defined by this
Recommended Practice.
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ISO 18441:2021(E)
API FOR SLE TRANSFER SERVICES—CORE SPECIFICATION
1.6.1.4.3 Component Interface
An interface exported by a component.
1.6.1.4.4 Component Object

An object within a component that can be accessed by one or more interfaces exported by the

component. Objects providing more than one interface support navigation between these

interfaces.
1.6.1.4.5 Client

A software entity that uses the services of a component or of an object by invocation of the

methods of an interface provided by the component or object. In this Recommended Practice

the qualified term ‘local client’ is used to stress the difference between an interface to a

software entity on the same computer and the interface between an SLE service user and an

SLE service provider.
1.6.1.4.6 Interface

The abstraction of a service that only defines the operations supported by that service, but not

their implementations. The specification of an operation is referred to as a method.

1.6.2 NOMENCLATURE
1.6.2.1 Normative Text

The following conventions apply for the normative specifications in this Recommended

Standard:
a) the words ‘shall’ and ‘must’ imply a binding and verifiable specification;
b) the word ‘should’ implies an optional, but desirable, specification;
c) the word ‘may’ implies an optional specification;
d) the words ‘is’, ‘are’, and ‘will’ imply statements of fact.

NOTE – These conventions do not imply constraints on diction in text that is clearly

informative in nature.
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ISO 18441:2021(E)
API FOR SLE TRANSFER SERVICES—CORE SPECIFICATION
1.6.2.2 Informative Text

In the normative sections of this document, informative text is set off from the normative

specifications either in notes or under one of the following subsection headings:

– Overview;
– Background;
– Rationale;
– Discussion.
1.6.2.3 Use of the Term ‘Client’
In a complete SLE API, the API Proxy interacts with the API Service El
...

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