Plastics piping systems for non-pressure underground drainage and sewerage -- Structured-wall piping systems of unplasticized poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC-U), polypropylene (PP) and polyethylene (PE)

This document, together with ISO 21138‑2 and ISO 21138‑3, specifies the definitions and requirements for pipes, fittings and systems based on unplasticized poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC-U), polypropylene (PP) and polyethylene (PE) structured-wall piping systems intended to be used in non-pressure underground drainage and sewerage applications. NOTE 1 Pipes, fittings and the system complying with this document can also be used for highway drainage and surface water. This document covers a range of pipe and fitting sizes, materials, pipe constructions, nominal ring stiffnesses, and gives recommendations concerning colours. NOTE 2 It is the responsibility of the purchaser or specifier to make the appropriate selections from these aspects, taking into account their particular requirements and installation practices or codes. In conjunction with ISO 21138‑2 and ISO 21138‑3, this document is applicable to structured-wall pipes and fittings, to their joints and to joints with components of other plastics and non-plastics materials. It is applicable to structured-wall pipes and fittings with or without an integral socket with elastomeric ring seal joints as well as welded and fused joints. NOTE 3 Pipes, fittings and other components conforming to any plastics product standards referred to in the Bibliography can be used with pipes and fittings conforming to this document when they conform to the requirements for joint dimensions given in ISO 21138-2 and ISO 21138-3 and to the performance requirements given in Clause 9. NOTE 4 For dimensions larger than DN/OD 1200 or DN/ID 1200, this document can serve as a general guideline regarding appearance, colour, physical and mechanical characteristics as well as performance requirements.

Systèmes de canalisations en plastique pour les branchements et les collecteurs d'assainissement sans pression enterrés -- Systèmes de canalisations à parois structurées en poly(chlorure de vinyle) non plastifié (PVC-U), polypropylène (PP) et polyéthylène (PE)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
19-Jan-2020
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
22-Nov-2019
Completion Date
20-Jan-2020
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ISO 21138-1:2020 - Plastics piping systems for non-pressure underground drainage and sewerage -- Structured-wall piping systems of unplasticized poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC-U), polypropylene (PP) and polyethylene (PE)
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 21138-1
Second edition
2020-01
Plastics piping systems for non-
pressure underground drainage and
sewerage — Structured-wall piping
systems of unplasticized poly(vinyl
chloride) (PVC-U), polypropylene (PP)
and polyethylene (PE) —
Part 1:
Material specification and
performance criteria for pipes, fittings
and systems
Systèmes de canalisations en plastique pour les branchements et les
collecteurs d'assainissement sans pression enterrés — Systèmes de
canalisations à parois structurées en poly(chlorure de vinyle) non
plastifié (PVC-U), polypropylène (PP) et polyéthylène (PE) —
Partie 1: Spécification des matières et critères de performance des
tubes, raccords et système
Reference number
ISO 21138-1:2020(E)
ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 21138-1:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
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CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 21138-1:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms, definitions, symbols and abbreviated terms ....................................................................................................... 3

3.1 Terms and definitions ....................................................................................................................................................................... 3

3.2 Symbols ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

3.3 Abbreviated terms ............................................................................................................................................................................... 6

4 Material .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

4.2 Sealing ring retaining components ......... ............................................................................................................................... 6

4.3 Sealing rings .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

4.4 Fused or welded joints ..................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5 Designation of wall construction ......................................................................................................................................................... 6

6 Colour ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

7 Geometrical characteristics ...................................................................................................................................................................... 7

8 Types of fitting ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 7

8.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

8.2 Design length of fittings .................................................................................................................................................................. 9

9 Functional characteristics .......................................................................................................................................................................10

10 Relation between ring stiffness, installation technique and resulting deflection ........................10

Annex A (informative) General material characteristics of PVC-U, PP and PE pipes and fittings ......12

Annex B (informative) General performance characteristics of PVC-U, PP and PE ...........................................13

Annex C (informative) Structural design .......................................................................................................................................................14

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................17

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 21138-1:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 138, Plastics pipes, fittings and valves for

the transport of fluids, Subcommittee SC 1, Plastics pipes and fittings for soil, waste and drainage (including

land drainage).

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 21138-1:2007), which has been

technically revised. The main changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:

— the normative references have been updated;

— references to EN test methods have been updated to ISO test methods, when applicable;

— editorial improvements have been made for clarification.
A list of all parts in the ISO 21138 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 21138-1:2020(E)
Introduction

The ISO 21138 series of standards covers plastics piping systems for non-pressure underground

drainage and sewerage, in particular thermoplastics structured-wall piping systems.

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 21138-1:2020(E)
Plastics piping systems for non-pressure underground
drainage and sewerage — Structured-wall piping
systems of unplasticized poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC-U),
polypropylene (PP) and polyethylene (PE) —
Part 1:
Material specification and performance criteria for pipes,
fittings and systems
1 Scope

This document, together with ISO 21138-2 and ISO 21138-3, specifies the definitions and requirements

for pipes, fittings and systems based on unplasticized poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC-U), polypropylene

(PP) and polyethylene (PE) structured-wall piping systems intended to be used in non-pressure

underground drainage and sewerage applications.

NOTE 1 Pipes, fittings and the system complying with this document can also be used for highway drainage

and surface water.

This document covers a range of pipe and fitting sizes, materials, pipe constructions, nominal ring

stiffnesses, and gives recommendations concerning colours.

NOTE 2 It is the responsibility of the purchaser or specifier to make the appropriate selections from these

aspects, taking into account their particular requirements and installation practices or codes.

In conjunction with ISO 21138-2 and ISO 21138-3, this document is applicable to structured-wall pipes

and fittings, to their joints and to joints with components of other plastics and non-plastics materials.

It is applicable to structured-wall pipes and fittings with or without an integral socket with elastomeric

ring seal joints as well as welded and fused joints.

NOTE 3 Pipes, fittings and other components conforming to any plastics product standards referred to in

the Bibliography can be used with pipes and fittings conforming to this document when they conform to the

requirements for joint dimensions given in ISO 21138-2 and ISO 21138-3 and to the performance requirements

given in Clause 9.

NOTE 4 For dimensions larger than DN/OD 1200 or DN/ID 1200, this document can serve as a general guideline

regarding appearance, colour, physical and mechanical characteristics as well as performance requirements.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 472, Plastics — Vocabulary

ISO 580, Plastics piping and ducting systems — Injection-moulded thermoplastics fittings — Methods for

visually assessing the effects of heating

ISO 1043-1, Plastics — Symbols and abbreviated terms — Part 1: Basic polymers and their special

characteristics
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 21138-1:2020(E)

ISO 1133-1, Plastics — Determination of the melt mass-flow rate (MFR) and melt volume-flow rate (MVR)

of thermoplastics — Part 1: Standard method

ISO 1167-1, Thermoplastics pipes, fittings and assemblies for the conveyance of fluids — Determination of

the resistance to internal pressure — Part 1: General method

ISO 1167-2, Thermoplastics pipes, fittings and assemblies for the conveyance of fluids — Determination of

the resistance to internal pressure — Part 2: Preparation of pipe test pieces

ISO 1183-1, Plastics — Methods for determining the density of non-cellular plastics — Part 1: Immersion

method, liquid pycnometer method and titration method

ISO 2505, Thermoplastics pipes — Longitudinal reversion — Test method and parameters

ISO 2507-1, Thermoplastics pipes and fittings — Vicat softening temperature — Part 1: General test method

ISO 2507-2, Thermoplastics pipes and fittings — Vicat softening temperature — Part 2: Test conditions for

unplasticized poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC-U) or chlorinated poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC-C) pipes and fittings and

for high impact resistance poly (vinyl chloride) (PVC-HI) pipes

ISO 3126, Plastics piping systems — Plastics components — Determination of dimensions

ISO 3127, Thermoplastics pipes — Determination of resistance to external blows — Round-the-clock method

ISO 9852, Unplasticized poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC-U) pipes — Dichloromethane resistance at specified

temperature (DCMT) — Test method
ISO 9967, Thermoplastics pipes — Determination of creep ratio
ISO 9969, Thermoplastics pipes — Determination of ring stiffness

ISO 11173, Thermoplastics pipes — Determination of resistance to external blows — Staircase method

ISO 11357-6, Plastics — Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) — Part 6: Determination of oxidation

induction time (isothermal OIT) and oxidation induction temperature (dynamic OIT)

ISO 11922-1, Thermoplastics pipes for the conveyance of fluids — Dimensions and tolerances — Part 1:

Metric series
ISO 12091, Structured-wall thermoplastics pipes — Oven test

ISO 13254, Thermoplastics piping systems for non-pressure applications — Test method for watertightness

ISO 13259, Thermoplastics piping systems for underground non-pressure applications — Test method for

leaktightness of elastomeric sealing ring type joints

ISO 13262, Thermoplastics piping systems for non-pressure underground drainage and sewerage —

Thermoplastics spirally-formed structured-wall pipes — Determination of the tensile strength of a seam

ISO 13263, Thermoplastics piping systems for non-pressure underground drainage and sewerage —

Thermoplastics fittings — Test method for impact strength

ISO 13264, Thermoplastics piping systems for non-pressure underground drainage and sewerage —

Thermoplastics fittings — Test method for mechanical strength or flexibility of fabricated fittings

ISO 13265, Thermoplastics piping systems for non-pressure underground drainage and sewerage — Joints

for buried non-pressure applications — Test method for the long-term sealing performance of joints with

elastomeric seals by estimating the sealing pressure
ISO 13967, Thermoplastics fittings — Determination of ring stiffness

ISO 13968, Plastics piping and ducting systems — Thermoplastics pipes — Determination of ring flexibility

2 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO 21138-1:2020(E)

ISO 21138-2, Plastics piping systems for non-pressure underground drainage and sewerage — Structured-

wall piping systems of unplasticized poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC-U), polypropylene (PP) and polyethylene

(PE) — Part 2: Pipes and fittings with smooth external surface, Type A

ISO 21138-3, Plastics piping systems for non-pressure underground drainage and sewerage — Structured-

wall piping systems of unplasticized poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC-U), polypropylene (PP) and polyethylene

(PE) — Part 3: Pipes and fittings with non-smooth external surface, Type B

EN 681-1, Elastomeric seals — Materials requirements for pipe joint seals used in water and drainage

applications — Part 1: Vulcanized rubber

EN 681-2, Elastomeric seals — Materials requirements for pipe joint seals used in water and drainage

applications — Part 2: Thermoplastic elastomers

EN 681-4, Elastomeric seals — Materials requirements for pipe joint seals used in water and drainage

applications — Part 4: Cast polyurethane sealing elements
3 Terms, definitions, symbols and abbreviated terms
3.1 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 472, ISO 1043-1, ISO 11922-1

and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http:// www .iso .org/ obp
3.1.1 General terms
3.1.1.1
structured-wall pipes and fittings

products that have an optimized design with regard to material usage to achieve the physical,

mechanical and performance requirements of this document

Note 1 to entry: For a description of the particular designs covered by this document, see ISO 21138-2 for Type A

and ISO 21138-3 for Type B. Type A pipes have an internal and external plain surface. Type B pipes have an

internal plain surface and a hollow spiral or annular ribbed external surface.
3.1.1.2
fabricated fitting

fitting manufactured by heat forming and/or joining more than one piece of pipe and/or moulded

component

Note 1 to entry: Sealing rings retaining components are not considered as a piece.

3.1.2 Geometrical terms
3.1.2.1
nominal size

numerical designation of the size of a component, other than a component designated by thread size,

which is approximately equal to the manufacturing dimension in millimetres

Note 1 to entry: The nominal size is either related to the outside diameter, or to the inside diameter

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO 21138-1:2020(E)
3.1.2.2
nominal diameter
specified diameter, in millimetres, assigned to a nominal size (DN/OD or DN/ID)
3.1.2.3
outside diameter

value of the measurement of the outside diameter through its cross-section at any point of a pipe or

spigot, rounded to the next greater 0,1 mm
Note 1 to entry: For Type B constructions, see ISO 21138-3.
3.1.2.4
mean outside diameter

value of the measurement of the outer circumference of a pipe or spigot in any cross-section divided by

π (= 3,142), rounded up to the nearest 0,1 mm
Note 1 to entry: For Type B constructions, see ISO 21138-3.
3.1.2.5
mean inside diameter
...

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