Nanotechnologies - Terminology and definitions for nano-objects - Nanoparticle, nanofibre and nanoplat (ISO/TS 27687:2008)

This Technical Specification lists terms and definitions related to particles in the field of nanotechnologies. It is intended to facilitate communications between organizations and individuals in industry and those who interact with them.

Nanotechnologien - Terminologie und Begriffe für Nanopartikel (ISO/TS 27687:2008)

In dieser Technischen Spezifikation sind eindeutige Begriffe (Benennungen und Definitionen) angeführt, die in Zusam¬menhang mit Partikeln auf dem Gebiet der Nanotechnologie stehen. Das Dokument ist dafür vorgesehen, die Kommunikation zwischen Organisationen und Einzelpersonen in der Industrie und denjenigen, die mit ihnen zusammenarbeiten, zu vereinfachen.

Nanotechnologies - Terminologie et définitions relatives aux nano-objets - Nanoparticule, nanofibre et nanoplat (ISO/TS 27687:2008)

Nanotehnologija - Terminologija in definicije za nanoobjekte - Nanodelci, nanovlakna in nanosnopi (ISO/TS 27687:2008)

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
23-Sep-2008
Withdrawal Date
10-Nov-2009
Technical Committee
Current Stage
9900 - Withdrawal (Adopted Project)
Start Date
10-Nov-2009
Due Date
03-Dec-2009
Completion Date
11-Nov-2009

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 27687:2008
01-november-2008
Nanotehnologija - Terminologija in definicije za nanoobjekte - Nanodelci,
nanovlakna in nanosnopi (ISO/TS 27687:2008)
Nanotechnologies - Terminology and definitions for nano-objects - Nanoparticle,
nanofibre and nanoplat (ISO/TS 27687:2008)

Nanotechnologien - Terminologie und Begriffe für Nanopartikel (ISO/TS 27687:2008)

Nanotechnologies - Terminologie et définitions relatives aux nano-objets - Nanoparticule,

nanofibre et nanoplat (ISO/TS 27687:2008)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: CEN ISO/TS 27687:2008
ICS:
01.040.07 Matematika. Naravoslovne Mathematics. Natural
vede (Slovarji) sciences (Vocabularies)
07.030 Fizika. Kemija Physics. Chemistry
SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 27687:2008 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 27687:2008
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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 27687:2008
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION
CEN ISO/TS 27687
SPÉCIFICATION TECHNIQUE
TECHNISCHE SPEZIFIKATION
August 2008
ICS 07.030; 01.040.07
English Version
Nanotechnologies - Terminology and definitions for nano-objects
- Nanoparticle, nanofibre and nanoplat (ISO/TS 27687:2008)

Nanotechnologies - Terminologie et définitions relatives aux Nanotechnologien - Terminologie und Begriffe für

nano-objets - Nanoparticule, nanofibre et nanoplat (ISO/TS Nanopartikel (ISO/TS 27687:2008)

27687:2008)

This Technical Specification (CEN/TS) was approved by CEN on 29 March 2008 for provisional application.

The period of validity of this CEN/TS is limited initially to three years. After two years the members of CEN will be requested to submit their

comments, particularly on the question whether the CEN/TS can be converted into a European Standard.

CEN members are required to announce the existence of this CEN/TS in the same way as for an EN and to make the CEN/TS available

promptly at national level in an appropriate form. It is permissible to keep conflicting national standards in force (in parallel to the CEN/TS)

until the final decision about the possible conversion of the CEN/TS into an EN is reached.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2008 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. CEN ISO/TS 27687:2008: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 27687:2008
CEN ISO/TS 27687:2008 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword..............................................................................................................................................................3

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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 27687:2008
CEN ISO/TS 27687:2008 (E)
Foreword

This document (CEN ISO/TS 27687:2008) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 229

"Nanotechnologies" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 352 “Nanotechnologies” the

secretariat of which is held by BSI.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to announce this Technical Specification: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain,

Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO/TS 27687:2008 has been approved by CEN as a CEN ISO/TS 27687:2008 without any

modification.
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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 27687:2008
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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 27687:2008
TECHNICAL ISO/TS
SPECIFICATION 27687
First edition
2008-08-15
Nanotechnologies — Terminology and
definitions for nano-objects —
Nanoparticle, nanofibre and nanoplate
Nanotechnologies — Terminologie et définitions relatives
aux nano-objets — Nanoparticule, nanofibre et nanoplat
Reference number
ISO/TS 27687:2008(E)
ISO 2008
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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 27687:2008
ISO/TS 27687:2008(E)
PDF disclaimer

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COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2008

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means,

electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or

ISO's member body in the country of the requester.
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Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2008 – All rights reserved
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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 27687:2008
ISO/TS 27687:2008(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

In other circumstances, particularly when there is an urgent market requirement for such documents, a

technical committee may decide to publish other types of document:

⎯ an ISO Publicly Available Specification (ISO/PAS) represents an agreement between technical experts in

an ISO working group and is accepted for publication if it is approved by more than 50 % of the members

of the parent committee casting a vote;

⎯ an ISO Technical Specification (ISO/TS) represents an agreement between the members of a technical

committee and is accepted for publication if it is approved by 2/3 of the members of the committee casting

a vote.

An ISO/PAS or ISO/TS is reviewed after three years in order to decide whether it will be confirmed for a

further three years, revised to become an International Standard, or withdrawn. If the ISO/PAS or ISO/TS is

confirmed, it is reviewed again after a further three years, at which time it must either be transformed into an

International Standard or be withdrawn.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO/TS 27687 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 229, Nanotechnologies.
© ISO 2008 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 27687:2008
ISO/TS 27687:2008(E)
Introduction

As many authorities predict that applications of nanotechnologies will pervade all areas of life and will enable

dramatic advances to be realized in all areas of communication, health, manufacturing, materials and

knowledge-based technologies, there is an obvious need to provide industry and research with suitable tools

to aid the development and application of those technologies. It is also essential that regulators and health

and environmental protection agencies have available reliable measurement systems and evaluation

protocols supported by well-founded and robust standards.

Often in the field of nanotechnologies, researchers with the aid of microscopes name materials inspired by the

shape of objects found in everyday life although the physical size is much smaller. The prefix, nano-, is often

added to denote the small size of the object. (The prefix nano-, is also used in S.I. units to indicate 10 e.g.

1 nanometre = 10 metre.)

To create a unitary standard, this terminology and definitions document encompasses terms used in both

nanosciences and nanotechnologies concerning particles at the nano-scale. Nano-object and other new terms

are coined to allow development of a rational hierarchical system of definitions. This hierarchy will allow

systematic building of vocabulary and is contained in a larger hierarchy of terms under development for

nanotechnologies. This document provides an up-to-date listing of terms and definitions relevant to the area. It

forms one part of a projected multi-part terminology and definitions document covering the different aspects of

nanotechnologies. It is intended to facilitate communications between organizations and individuals in industry

and those who interact with them.

This document is concerned with the definition of terminology and definitions for these small objects. These

objects come in several shapes; the three basic shapes referred to in this document are illustrated in Figure 1:

a) nanoparticle b) nanorod c) nanoplate
Figure 1 — Schematic diagrams showing some shapes for nano-objects

There is a hierarchical relationship between many of the different terms in the document. Some elements of

this are shown in Figure 2 to illustrate some of the relationships that exist.
iv © ISO 2008 – All rights reserved
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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 27687:2008
ISO/TS 27687:2008(E)
Figure 2 — Fragment of hierarchy of terms related to nano-objects
© ISO 2008 – All rights reserved v
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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 27687:2008
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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 27687:2008
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION ISO/TS 27687:2008(E)
Nanotechnologies — Terminology and definitions
for nano-objects — Nanoparticle, nanofibre and
nanoplate
1 Scope

This Technical Specification lists terms and definitions related to particles in the field of nanotechnologies. It is

intended to facilitate communications between organizations and individuals in industry and those who interact

with them.
2 Core terms related to particles
2.1
nanoscale
size range from approximately 1 nm to 100 nm

NOTE 1 Properties that are not extrapolations from a larger size will typically, but not exclusively, be exhibited in this

size range. For such properties the size limits are considered approximate.

NOTE 2 The lower limit in this definition (approximately 1 nm) is introduced to avoid single and small groups of atoms

from being designated as nano-objects or elements of nanostructures, which might be implied by the absence of a lower

limit.
2.2
nano-object
material with one, two or three external dimensions in the nanoscale
NOTE Generic term for all discrete nanoscale objects.
3 Terms concerning particles and assemblies of particles
Nano-objects (for example nanoparticles, nanofibres, a
...

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