This European Standard gives biological, physical and procedural containment measures for work with genetically modified plants including plants where the transferred genetic material is derived from a non-plant source. It defines measures to minimize hazards identified by risk analysis.
Containment may be provided in a greenhouse or in a growthroom, laboratory or other containment facility.
Containment of genetically modified microorganisms and/or small animals associated with plants is not included in this standard. Containment of microorganisms in laboratories is covered in EN 12128.

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This European Standard specifies performance criteria for chromatography columns used in biotechnological processes with respect to the potential risks to the worker and the environment from microorganisms in use.  This European Standard applies where the intended use of chromatography columns includes hazardous or potentially hazardous microorganisms used in biotechnological processes or where exposure of the worker or the environment to such microorganisms is restricted for reasons of safety.

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This European Standard specifies performance criteria for vessels used in biotechnological processes with respect to the potential risks to the worker and the environment from microorganisms in use.  This European Standard applies where the intended use of the equipment includes hazardous or potentially hazardous microorganisms used in biotechnological processes or where exposure of the worker or the environment to such microorganisms is restricted for reasons of safety.

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This European Standard specifies performance criteria for pressure protection devices used in biotechnological processes with respect to the potential risks to the worker and the environment from microorganisms in use.  This European Standard applies where the intended use of pressure protection devices includes hazardous or potentially hazardous microorganisms used in biotechnological processes.

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This European Standard specifies performance criteria for bioreactors used in biotechnological processes with respect to the potential risks to the worker and the environment from microorganisms in use.  This European Standard applies where the intended use of bioreactors includes hazardous or potentially hazardous microorganisms used in biotechnological processes or where exposure of the worker or the environment to such microorganisms is restricted for reasons of safety.

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This European Standard specifies performance criteria for glass pressure vessels used in biotechnological processes with respect to the potential risks to the worker and the environment from microorganisms in use.  This European Standard applies where the intended use of glass pressure vessels includes hazardous or potentially hazardous microorganisms used in biotechnological processes or where exposure of the worker or the environment to such microorganisms is restricted for reasons of safety.

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This European Standard specifies performance criteria for kill tanks used in biotechnological processes with respect to the potential risks to the worker and the environment from microorganisms in use.  This European Standard applies where the intended use of kill tanks includes hazardous or potentially hazardous microorganisms used in biotechnological processes or where exposure of the worker or the environment to such microorganisms is restricted for reasons of safety.

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This European Standard specifies performance criteria for equipment probes used in biotechnological processes with respect to the potential risks to the worker and the environment from microorganisms in use.  This European Standard applies where the intended use of the equipment probes includes hazardous or potentially hazardous microorganisms used in biotechnological processes or where exposure of the worker or the environment to such microorganisms is restricted for reasons of safety.

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This European Standard specifies performance criteria for piping and instrumentation used in biotechnological processes with respect to the potential risks to the worker and the environment from microorganisms in use.  This European Standard applies where the intended use of the equipment includes hazardous or potentially hazardous microorganisms used in biotechnological processes or where exposure of the worker or the environment to such microorganisms is restricted for reasons of safety.

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This European Standard specifies performance criteria for valves used in biotechnological processes with respect to the potential risks to the worker and the environment from microorganisms in use.  This European Standard applies where the intended use of the valve includes hazardous or potentially hazardous microorganisms used in biotechnological processes or where exposure of the worker or the environment to such microorganisms is restricted for reasons of safety.

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This European Standard specifies performance criteria for couplings used in biotechnological processes with respect to the potential risks to the worker and the environment from microorganisms in use.  This European Standard applies where the intended use of the coupling includes hazardous or potentially hazardous microorganisms used in biotechnological processes or where exposure of the worker or the environment to such microorganisms is restricted for reasons of safety.

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This European Standard specifies performance criteria for tubes and pipes used in biotechnological processes with respect to the potential risks to the worker and the environment from microorganisms in use. This European Standard applies where the intended use of the tubes and pipes includes hazardous or potentially hazardous microorganisms used in biotechnological processes or where exposure of the worker or the environment to such microorganisms is restricted for reasons of safety.

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This European Standard specifies performance criteria for sampling and inoculation devices used in biotechnological processes with respect to the potential risks to the worker and the environment from microorganisms in use.  This European Standard applies where the intended use of the sampling and inoculation device includes hazardous or potentially hazardous microorganisms used in biotechnological processes or where exposure of the worker or the environment to such microorganisms is restricted for reasons of safety.

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This European Standard specifies performance criteria for off-gas systems used in biotechnological processes with respect to the potential risks of microorganisms in use for the worker and the environment. This European Standard applies where the intended use of the off-gas system includes hazardous or potentially hazardous microorganisms used in biotechnological processes and/or where exposure of the worker or the environment to such microorganisms is restricted for reasons of safety.

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This European Standard specifies performance criteria for filter elements and filtration assemblies used in biotechnological processes with respect to the potential risks of microorganisms in use for the worker and the environment. This European Standard applies where the intended use of the filter elements or filtration assemblies includes hazardous or potentially hazardous microorganisms used in biotechnological processes and/or where exposure of the worker or the environment to such microorganisms is restricted for reasons of safety.

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This European Standard gives guidance to the manufacturer of sampling and inoculation devices on providing instructions in the manufacturer's documentation accompanying his products in accordance with prEN 13312-3. It has the purpose of pointing out to him, which hazards can occur during operation, s so that he can take these into account in an adequate way during construction and will be in a positive to formulate information for use giving adequate consideration of safety...

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This European Standard gives guidance on methods for handling, inactivating and testing of waste containing organisms arising from biotechnology laboratory activities and processes. It is concerned with methods to reduce the risks arising from exposure to waste derived from laboratory-scale activities which contains organisms hazardous or potentially hazardous to humans, animals, plants or the environment.

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This European Standard, in order to protect the worker and/or the environment, gives guidance on minimum physical biosafety measures for the containment of animals deliberately inoculated with microorganisms, including genetically modified microorganisms, which can present a risk to human or animal health or the environment. This European Standard does not apply to the containment of animals which have not been deliberately inoculated with microorganisms.

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This European Standard gives guidance for practice for biotechnology operations in research, development and analysis laboratories of containment levels 1, 2, 3 and 4 (see EN 12128 and prEN 12738). This European Standard aims at the protection of workers from biological hazards as well as the environment including plants and animals.

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This European Standard specifies performance criteria for cell disrupters used in the biotechnological processes with respect to the potential risks of microorganisms in use for the worker or the environment. This European Standard applies where the intended use of the cell disrupter includes hazardous or potentially hazardous microorganisms used in biotechnological processes and/or where exposure of the worker or the environment to such microorganisms is restricted for reasons of safety.

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This European Standard specifies performance criteria for centrifuges used in biotechnological processes with respect to the potential risks of microorganisms in use for the worker or the environment.

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This European Standard specifies performance criteria for shaft seals in equipment used in biotechnological processes with respect to the potential risks of microorganisms in use for the worker or the environment.

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This European Standard gives guidance on assessment of technical specifications of microorganism based products (MBPs) for product quality evaluation. It is also applicable for purposes of product registration. NOTE 1: In this European Standard, the technical specifications are considered to be purity, biological activity and stability of microorganism based product. This European Standard describes criteria and factors considered for the validity of the assessment of the technical specifications.

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This European Standard provides guidance concerning the procedures for setting up a valid sampling strategy to meet the objectives of a monitoring strategy for GMMs released into the environment. Since monitoring methods of microorganisms in environmental samples usually require pretreatment of the samples, for example the extraction and isolation of GMMs and/or their nucleic acid, this is included in scope of this European Standard. The sampling is to provide material to which subsequent analytical or biological methods for monitoring of GMMs can be applied.

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This European Standard specifies performance criteria for pumps used in biotechnological processes, in which the release of microorganisms should be limited or prevented for reasons of safety. This standard applies if the intended use of the pump includes hazardous or potentially hazardous microorganisms. This standard applies to pumps with no auxiliary equipment, bordered by the connections on the unit of equipment. It also applies to pump systems equipped with all necessary auxiliary equipment necessary for operation of pumps and to accomplish cleaning and sterilization.

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This European Standard gives guidance on the steps that should be followed during the analysis of the genetic modification of interest: - to analyse and describe the genetic modification of interest as it exists in the GMO (genomic modification); - to detect and/or identify the GMO accurately. This European Standard gives guidance on the factors and criteria considered by the experimenter for the selection of the appropriate method(s) and the validity of experimental results for the analysis of the genetic modification of interest.

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This European Standard provides guidance on the design and execution of experiments for the analysis of the functional expression of the genomic modification. It gives criteria for the setup of an experimental design and the determination of the validity of its execution.

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This European Standard provides guidance for factors and criteria considered by the experimenter for the valid design, execution and evaluation of an analysis of the molecular stability of the genomic modification with respect to life cycle, heritability and external factors. It describes the steps in the characterization of a GMO that should be followed to ensure the validity of the analysis of the molecular stability of the genomic modification. The type of molecular stability analysis is dependent on the objectives of the experiment.

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This European Standard provides guidance on factors and criteria considered for the determination of the suitability and validity of the design, development and execution of a monitoring strategy for GMM. Monitoring encompasses detection of genotypic and phenotypic properties, as well as detection of viral material and/or symptoms specific for the infected host, for the identification of GMMs in an experimental release.

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This European Standard gives guidance on general testing procedures to assess the sterilizability for microorganisms of equipment (components and units of equipment) used in biotechnological processes. This European Standard gives guidance on the assessment of the sterilizability of biotechnological equipment with respect to a release of process microorganisms that can affect the safety of the worker (occupational health) and/or that can have adverse effects to the environment.

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This European Standard specifies minimum physical requirements for biological safety for laboratories at four reference physical containment levels which are appropriate for handling microorganisms of different risk groups. This European Standard primarily addresses the containment of microorganisms which can present a risk to human health. It applies to microbiology laboratories where the handling of microorganisms in bacteriology, mycology, virology, parasitology and/or genetic modification is carried out.

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This European Standard specifies performance criteria for steam sterilizer and autoclave used for the destruction and prevention of release of microorganisms used in biotechnological processes. This European Standard applies if the intended use of steam sterilizers or autoclaves includes hazardous or potentially hazardous microorganisms used in biotechological processes or if exposure of the worker or the environment to such microorganisms is restricted for reasons of safety.

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This European Standard gives guidance on general testing procedures to assess the cleanability of equipment (components and units of equipment) used in biotechnological processes. This European Standard applies primarily if the intended use of equipment includes the use of potentially hazardous microorganisms. This European Standard also applies to non-hazardous micro- organisms and/or to residual soil which can adversely affect sterilization processes or which can cause cross-contamination of products or processes.

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This European Standard gives guidance on general testing procedures to assess the leaktightness for microorganisms of equipment (components and units of equipment) used in biotechnological processes. This European Standard gives guidance on the assessment of the leaktightness of biotechnological equipment with respect to a release of process microorganisms that can affect the safety of the worker (occupational health) and/or that can have adverse effects to the environment.

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This European Standard gives guidance on the assessment and the selection of procedures for treatment of waste process microorganisms from biotechnological plant to ensure the safety of people and environment. This European Standard applies to wastes and effluents (solid, liquid and gaseous) emitted from biotechnological processes which include traditional processes such as brewing or food processing, fermentation of pharmaceutical and chemical products as well as biotechnological processes for environmental and agricultural application.

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This European Standard gives guidance on the selection and risk analysis of biotechnological equipment and the subsequent assembly of these into a plant in order to attain the appropriate biosafety containment levels. This includes verification of installation, operation and maintenance. It also applies when a new process or significant changes are introduced into an existing plant.

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This European Standard gives guidance on factors and criteria considered for the determination of the suitability and validity of the design, development and execution of a monitoring strategy for genetically modified plants. Monitoring encompasses detection of genes and traits, as well as the identification of genetically modified plants in an experimental release. This European Standard provides the person conducting a monitoring programme with factors and criteria that should be considered in determining the validity of the proposed monitoring strategy.

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This European Standard gives guidance for setting up a valid sampling strategy to meet the objectives of a monitoring strategy for genetically modified plants. The sampling is to provide material to which subsequent analytical methods for monitoring genetically modified plants of interest can be applied. This European Standard deals only with providing statistically valid samples from the experimental field as identified in a field trial design.

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This European Standard gives guidance for good practice, procedures, training and control for the operation of large scale biotechnological processes. In addition, this European Standard gives recommendations for education and training of personnel involved in the large scale handling of microorganisms in plant building of containment levels 1, 2, 3 and 4. This European Standard aims at the protection of the workers from biological hazards as well as the environment including plants and animals.

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This European Standard provides guidance for a quality control procedure of a diagnostic kit to assure that the assay results will fulfil the intended purpose of the test by both manufacturers and users. This European Standard applies to diagnostic kits used in agriculture, plant and animal pest and disease control monitoring of feed and environmental contamination due to microorganisms.

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This European Standard describes the principles for the assessment and selection of fermentation and downstream operations so that they are carried out in a manner which ensures the safety of personnel and the environment and quality and safety of the product. It is intended for use by those designing and/or operating processes, by regulatory bodies and auditors, and by other interested parties. Unit operations are not described in detail and individual production processes can require specific equipment or unit operations which are not described here.

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This European standard gives guidance on control procedures for raw materials u used in the biotechnological processes. This European standard does not list individual materials, but provides criteria against which raw materials used in industrial biotechnology processes can be checked. This European standard is applicable to all materials used during production of products by means of a biotechnological process. It is not applicable to equipment.

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This European Standard specifies general requirements for management and organization of procedures for conservation of microorganisms used for large-scale process and production. It is intended to secure safe handling and also to ensure that reproducible results are obtained in biotechnology processes.

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This European Standard specifies design requirements for plant buildings used for the safe handling of microorganisms and the product itself if it presents a biohazard. Note 1: When applying this European Standard, attention is drawn to the existing national regulations such as regulations concerning genetic engineering, water and environmental emission concerning the design requirements.

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This CEN Report reviews the safety criteria for hosts, vectors, inserts and genetically modified microorganisms (GMM’s) used by the competent authorities of Member States of the European Union to classify GMM's as intrinsically safe, i.e. as Group I GMM’s. The report may assist both users and regulatory authorities in classifying GMM’s, including mammalian and plant cells, as safe for human health and the environment.
This CEN Report covers Group I GMM’s that are applied in research and development activities and those applied in industrial applications, which are frequently activities on a larger scale. Although most of the information available relates to GMM’s that are to be used for research and development, the safety criteria for GMM’s to be used for the latter kind of activities show much overlap. No listings of hosts and vectors are given, because such lists are readily available and are inevitably incomplete due to the continuous addition of newly classified biological agents.

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This European Standard describes the principles which guide the selection of equipment to be used in a biotechnology laboratory.

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