Quantities and units - Part 9: Physical chemistry and molecular physics (ISO 80000-9:2019)

This document gives names, symbols, definitions and units for quantities of physical chemistry and molecular physics. Where appropriate, conversion factors are also given.

Größen und Einheiten - Teil 9: Physikalische Chemie und Molekularphysik (ISO 80000-9:2019)

ISO 80000 9 enthält Benennungen, Formelzeichen und Definitionen für Größen und Einheiten der physikali¬schen Chemie und der Molekularphysik. Wo benötigt, sind auch Umrechnungsfaktoren aufgeführt.

Grandeurs et unités - Partie 9: Chimie physique et physique moléculaire (ISO 80000-9:2019)

Le présent document donne les noms, les symboles, les définitions et les unités des grandeurs de chimique physique et de physique moléculaire. Des facteurs de conversion sont également indiqués, s'il y a lieu.

Veličine in enote - 9. del: Fizikalna kemija in molekulska fizika (ISO 80000-9:2019)

Ta dokument podaja imena, simbole, definicije in enote za veličine s področja fizikalne kemije in molekulske fizike. Kadar je primerno, so navedeni tudi pretvorniki (pretvorni dejavniki).

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
08-Oct-2019
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
09-Oct-2019
Completion Date
09-Oct-2019

RELATIONS

Buy Standard

Standard
EN ISO 80000-9:2019
English language
25 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 80000-9:2019
01-december-2019
Nadomešča:
SIST EN ISO 80000-9:2013

Veličine in enote - 9. del: Fizikalna kemija in molekulska fizika (ISO 80000-9:2019)

Quantities and units - Part 9: Physical chemistry and molecular physics (ISO 80000-

9:2019)

Größen und Einheiten - Teil 9: Physikalische Chemie und Molekularphysik (ISO 80000-

9:2019)

Grandeurs et unités - Partie 9: Chimie physique et physique moléculaire (ISO 80000-

9:2019)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 80000-9:2019
ICS:
01.060 Veličine in enote Quantities and units
07.030 Fizika. Kemija Physics. Chemistry
SIST EN ISO 80000-9:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 80000-9:2019
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 80000-9:2019
EN ISO 80000-9
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
October 2019
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 01.060 Supersedes EN ISO 80000-9:2013
English Version
Quantities and units - Part 9: Physical chemistry and
molecular physics (ISO 80000-9:2019)

Grandeurs et unités - Partie 9: Chimie physique et Größen und Einheiten - Teil 9: Physikalische Chemie

physique moléculaire (ISO 80000-9:2019) und Molekularphysik (ISO 80000-9:2019)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 5 May 2019.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 80000-9:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 80000-9:2019
EN ISO 80000-9:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 80000-9:2019
EN ISO 80000-9:2019 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 80000-9:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 12

"Quantities and units" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/SS F02 “Units and symbols” the

secretariat of which is held by CCMC.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by April 2020, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by April 2020.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 80000-9:2013.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 80000-9:2019 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 80000-9:2019 without any

modification.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 80000-9:2019
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 80000-9:2019
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 80000-9
Second edition
2019-08
Quantities and units —
Part 9:
Physical chemistry and molecular
physics
Grandeurs et unités —
Partie 9: Chimie physique et physique moléculaire
Reference number
ISO 80000-9:2019(E)
ISO 2019
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 80000-9:2019
ISO 80000-9:2019(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2019

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 80000-9:2019
ISO 80000-9:2019(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................15

Index .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................16

© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 80000-9:2019
ISO 80000-9:2019(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www. iso. org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www. iso.o rg/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www. iso

.org/iso/foreword. html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 12, Quantities and units, in collaboration

with Technical Committee IEC/TC 25, Quantities and units.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 80000-9:2009), which has been

technically revised. It also incorporates the Amendment ISO 80000-9:2009/Amd. 1:2011.

The main changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:
— the table giving the quantities and units has been simplified;
— some definitions and the remarks have been stated physically more precisely.

A list of all parts in the ISO 80000 and IEC 80000 series can be found on the ISO and IEC websites.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www. iso. org/members. html.
iv © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 80000-9:2019
ISO 80000-9:2019(E)
Introduction

In this document, symbols for substances are shown as subscripts, for example c , w , p for substance B.

B B B

Generally, it is advisable to put symbols for substances and their states in parentheses on the same line

as the main symbol, for example c(H SO ).
2 4

In the following, the letter s is used to denote the solid state, the letter l the liquid state, and the letter g

the gaseous state.
The symbol * used as a superscript means “pure”.
The plimsoll sign is used to denote a standard in general.

EXAMPLE 1 μ (,Tp) for chemical potential of pure substance B concerning a mixture system including the

substance B.
 −−11

EXAMPLE 2 C (H O,g,298,15K)=⋅33,58 JK ⋅mol for standard molar heat capacity at constant

m,p 2
pressure.
In an expression such as
m,B
ϕ =x
∑ i m,i
where

ϕ is the volume fraction of a particular substance B in a mixture of substances A, B, C, …;

x is the amount-of-substance fraction of i; and

V is the molar volume of the pure substance i, where all the molar volumes V , V ,V , ...

m,i m,A m,B m,C
are taken at the same temperature and pressure,

the summation on the right-hand side is that over all the substances A, B, C, ... of which a mixture is

composed, so that x =1 . Throughout the document sums are running over the respective index.

∑ i

Additional qualifying information on a quantity symbol may be added as a subscript or superscript (see

e.g. item 9-21) or in parentheses after the symbol.
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 80000-9:2019
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 80000-9:2019
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 80000-9:2019(E)
Quantities and units —
Part 9:
Physical chemistry and molecular physics
1 Scope

This document gives names, symbols, definitions and units for quantities of physical chemistry and

molecular physics. Where appropriate, conversion factors are also given.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions

Names, symbols, definitions and units for quantities used in physical chemistry and molecular physics

are given in Table 1.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https: //www .iso .org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http: //www .electropedia .org/
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 80000-9:2019
ISO 80000-9:2019(E)
2 © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
Table 1 — Quantities and units used in physical chemistry and molecular physics
Item No. Quantity Unit Remarks
Name Symbol Definition

9-1 number of entities number of elementary entities of kind X in a system 1 The elementary entities must be specified

N()X ,
and can be atoms, molecules, ions, elec-
N trons, other particle, or a specified group
of such particles. It is important to always
give a precise specification of the entity
involved; this should preferably be done by
the empirical chemical formula of the mate-
rial involved.

9-2 amount of substance quotient of number N of specified elementary mol Amount of substance is one of the seven

n()X

entities of kind X (item 9-1) in a sample, and the base quantities in the International System

DEPRECATED: num-
of Quantities, ISQ (see ISO 80000-1).
Avogadro constant N (ISO 80000-1):
ber of moles
Elementary entities, such as molecules,
nN()XX= ()/N
atoms, ions, electrons, holes and other
quasi-particles, double bonds can be used.
It is necessary to specify precisely the
entity involved, e.g. atoms of hydrogen H
vs. molecules of hydrogen H , preferably by
giving the molecular chemical formula of
the material involved.
In the name “amount of substance”, the
words “of substance” could be replaced by
words specifying the substance concerned,
e.g. “amount of hydrogen chloride, HCl”, or
“amount of benzene, C H ”.
6 6
The name “number of moles” is often used
for “amount of substance”, but this is depre-
cated because the name of a quantity should
be distinguished from the name of the unit.
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 80000-9:2019
ISO 80000-9:2019(E)
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved 3
Table 1 (continued)
Item No. Quantity Unit Remarks
Name Symbol Definition

9-3 relative atomic mass quotient of the average mass (ISO 80000-4) of atom 1 A similar quantity “relative molecular

A ()X
X and the unified atomic mass (ISO 80000-10) mass” can be defined for molecules.
EXAMPLE
A ()Cl ≈35,453,
A CO ≈44.
r 2
The relative atomic or relative molecular
mass depends on the nuclidic composition.
The International Union of Pure and Applied
Chemistry (IUPAC) accepts the use of the
special names “atomic weight” and “mo-
lecular weight” for the quantities “relative
atomic mass” and “relative molecular mass”,
respectively. The use of these traditional
names is deprecated.
9-4 molar mass for a pure substance X, quotient of mass m(X) g/mol
M X
(ISO 80000-4) and amount n of substance (item
kg mol
9-2):
Mm= /n
3 −1
9-5 molar volume V for a pure substance, quotient of its volume V m mol
(ISO 80000−3) and amount n of substance (item
9-2):
VV= /n

9-6.1 molar internal U quotient of internal energy U (ISO 80000-5) and J/mol Molar quantities are normally only used with

energy amount n of substance (item 9-2): reference to pure substances.
2 −2 −1
kg m s mol
UU= /n

9-6.2 molar enthalpy H quotient of enthalpy H (ISO 80000-5) and amount J/mol Molar quantities are normally only used with

n of substance (item 9-2): reference to pure substances.
2 −2 −1
kg m s mol
HH= /n
---------------------- Page: 15 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 80000-9:2019
ISO 80000-9:2019(E)
4 © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
Table 1 (continued)
Item No. Quantity Unit Remarks
Name Symbol Definition

9-6.3 molar Helmholtz F quotient of the Helmholtz energy F (ISO 80000-5) J/mol Molar quantities are normally only used with

energy and amount n of substance (item 9-2): reference to pure substances.
2 −2 −1
kg m s mol
FF= /n

9-6.4 molar Gibbs energy G quotient of the Gibbs energy G (ISO 80000-5) and J/mol Molar quantities are normally only used with

amount n of substance (item 9-2): reference to pure substances.
2 −2 −1
kg m s mol
GG= /n

9-7 molar heat capacity C quotient of heat capacity C (ISO 80000-5) and J/(mol K) Conditions (constant pressure or volume etc.)

amount of substance n (item 9-2): must be specified.
2 −2 −1 −1
kg m s K mol
CC= /n

9-8 molar entropy S quotient of entropy S (ISO 80000-5) and amount n J/(mol K) Conditions (constant pressure or volume etc.)

of substance (item 9-2): must be specified.
2 −2 −1 −1
kg m s K mol
SS= /n

9-9.1 particle n, (C) quotient of number N of particles (item 9-1) and m The term “number density” is also used.

concentration volume V (ISO 80000−3):
nN= /V
9-9.2 molecular concen- C(X), C for substance X in a mixture, quotient of num- m
tration ber N of molecules of substance X and volume V
(ISO 80000−3) of the mixture:
CN= /V

9-10 mass concentration γ , (ρ ) for substance X in a mixture, quotient of mass g/l Decided by the 16 CGPM (1979), both “l” and

X X

m (ISO 80000-4) of substance X and volume V “L” are allowed for the symbols for the litre.

X −3
kg m
(ISO 80000−3) of the mixture:
γ =mV/
9-11 mass fraction w for substance X in a mixture, quotient of mass m 1
X X
(ISO 80000-4) of substance X and total mass m of
the mixture:
wm= /m
---------------------- Page: 16 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 80000-9:2019
ISO 80000-9:2019(E)
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved 5
Table 1 (continued)
Item No. Quantity Unit Remarks
Name Symbol Definition

9-12.1 amount-of-substance c for substance X in a mixture, quotient of amount mol/l In chemistry, the name “amount-of-substance

concentration n of substance (item 9-2) of X and volume V concentration” is generally abbreviated to the

X –3
mol m
(ISO 80000−3) of the mixture: single word “concentration”, it being assumed
that the adjective “amount-of-substance” is
cn= /V
intended. For this reason, however, the word
“mass” should never be omitted from the name
“mass concentration” in item 9-10.
Decided by the 16 CGPM (1979), both “l” and
“L” are allowed for the symbols for the litre.

9-12.2 standard amount-of- for substance X, one mole per litre mol/l Decided by the 16 CGPM (1979), both “l” and

c X
substance “L” are allowed for the symbols for the litre.
mol m
concentration

9-13 amount-of-substance x , y for substance X in a mixture, quotient of amount of 1 For condensed phases, x is used, and for

X X X

fraction substance n (item 9-2) of X and total amount n of gaseous mixtures y may be used.

X X
substance (item 9-2) in the mixture:
mole fraction The unsystematic name “mole fraction” is
still used. However, the use of this name is
xn= /n
deprecated.
For this quantity, the entity used to define
the amount of substance should always be
a single molecule for every species in the
mixture.

9-14 volume fraction for substance X, quotient of product of amount of ml/l Generally, the volume fraction is temperature

substance fraction x (item 9-13) of X and molar dependent.
volume V (item 9-5) of the pure substance X at
m,X th
Decided by the 16 CGPM (1979), both “l” and
the same temperature (ISO 80000-5) and pres-
“L” are allowed for the symbols for the litre.
sure(ISO 80000-4), and sum over all substances
i of products of amount-of-substance fractions x
(item 9-13) of substance i and their molar volumes
V (item 9-5):
m,i
Xm,X
ϕ =
∑ iim,
---------------------- Page: 17 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 80000-9:2019
ISO 80000-9:2019(E)
6 © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
Table 1 (continued)
Item No. Quantity Unit Remarks
Name Symbol Definition

9-15 molality b , m quotient of amount of substance (item 9-2) of solute B mol/kg The alternative symbol m should be avoid-

B B B

and mass m (ISO 80000-4) of the solvent substance A ed in situations where it might be mistaken

b = n /m for the mass of substance B. However, the
B B A
symbol m is much more commonly used
than the symbol b for molality, despite the
possible confusion with mass.
9-16 latent heat of phase C energy (ISO 80000-5) necessary to
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.