Natural gas - Organic sulfur compounds used as odorants - Requirements and test methods (ISO 13734:1998)

Erdgas - Organische Schwefelverbindungen verwendet als Odoriermittel - Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren (ISO 13734:1998)

Diese Internationale Norm legt Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für organische Schwefelverbindungen fest, die sich für die Odorierung von Erdgas und Erdgasaustauschgas der öffentlichen Gasversorgung eignen und die im weiteren als Odoriermittel bezeichnet werden.

Gaz naturel - Composés organiques soufrés utilisés comme odorisants - Prescriptions et méthodes d'essai (ISO 13734:1998)

La présente norme spécifie les exigences et les méthodes d'essai applicables aux composés organiques soufrés, désignés ci-après comme odorisants, utilisés pour l'odorisation du gaz naturel et de ses substituts pour les réseaux publics d'alimentation en gaz.

Zemeljski plin - Organske žveplove spojine, uporabljene kot dišave - Zahteve in preskusne metode (ISO 13734:1998)

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
21-Mar-2000
Withdrawal Date
05-Nov-2013
Current Stage
9960 - Withdrawal effective - Withdrawal
Due Date
06-Nov-2013
Completion Date
06-Nov-2013

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 13734:2000
01-december-2000
Zemeljski plin - Organske žveplove spojine, uporabljene kot dišave - Zahteve in
preskusne metode (ISO 13734:1998)
Natural gas - Organic sulfur compounds used as odorants - Requirements and test
methods (ISO 13734:1998)
Erdgas - Organische Schwefelverbindungen verwendet als Odoriermittel -
Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren (ISO 13734:1998)

Gaz naturel - Composés organiques soufrés utilisés comme odorisants - Prescriptions et

méthodes d'essai (ISO 13734:1998)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 13734:2000
ICS:
75.060 Zemeljski plin Natural gas
SIST EN ISO 13734:2000 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 13734:2000
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SIST EN ISO 13734:2000
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SIST EN ISO 13734:2000
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SIST EN ISO 13734:2000
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SIST EN ISO 13734:2000
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SIST EN ISO 13734:2000
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 13734
First edition
1998-07-01
Natural gas — Organic sulfur compounds
used as odorants — Requirements and test
methods
Gaz naturel — Composés organiques soufrés utilisés comme odorisants —
Prescriptions et méthodes d'essai
Reference number
ISO 13734:1998(E)
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SIST EN ISO 13734:2000
ISO 13734:1998(E)
Contents Page

1 Scope ............................................................................. 1

2 Normative reference ....................................................... 1

3 Definitions ...................................................................... 1

4 Requirements ................................................................. 2

4.1 Composition ........................................................... 2

4.2 Cloud point ............................................................. 2

Boiling point ............................................................
4.3 2
4.4 Evaporation residue ................................................ 2
Insoluble matter ......................................................
4.5 2
4.6 Solubility in water (optional requirement) ................ 2
Handling and transport ...................................................
5 3

6 Tests .............................................................................. 3

6.1 Test sample ............................................................ 3
6.2 Test documentation ................................................ 3
6.3 Determination of composition ................................. 3
6.4 Determination of cloud point ................................... 3
6.5 Determination of boiling point ................................. 4
6.6 Determination of evaporation residue ..................... 5
Visual examination for solids or suspended matter
6.7 5
6.8 Determination of solubility in water ......................... 5

Marking ..........................................................................

7 6
© ISO 1998

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced

or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and

microfilm, without permission in writing from the publisher.
International Organization for Standardization
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Genève 20 • Switzerland
Internet iso@iso.ch
Printed in Switzerland
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SIST EN ISO 13734:2000
ISO ISO 13734:1998(E)
Foreword
ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide
federation of national standards bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of
preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO
technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which
a technical committee has been established has the right to be represented
on that committee. International organizations, governmental and non-
governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO
collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission
(IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.
Draft International Standards adopted by the technical committees are
circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an International
Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting
a vote.
International Standard ISO 13734 was prepared by Technical Committee
ISO/TC 193, Natural gas.
iii
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SIST EN ISO 13734:2000
ISO 13734:1998(E) ISO
Introduction

Processed natural gas received from suppliers normally has little or no odour. For safety reasons,

natural gas is therefore odorized to permit the detection by smell of the gas at very low concentrations in

air.

NOTE — It is a common requirement that natural gas in air be readily detectable by smell at a concentration of

20 % of the lower flammability limit (LFL). The LFL of natural gas is normally taken as a volume content in air of 4 %

to 5 %.

Odorants used for the odorization of natural gas need to meet several basic requirements:

a) They need to have an intense odour.

b) The odour needs to be distinctive and not confusable with other frequently occurring odours.

c) The odour needs to be unpleasant but not too obnoxious. The odour character needs to be the

same at different dilutions of natural gas with air.

d) The odorized gas must not be toxic or an irritant at the concentration levels at which the odorant is

employed and the addition of the odorant must not lead to the production of significant levels of

harmful combustion products.

e) The odorant needs to be volatile, and sufficiently stable in the gas phase and during storage. It

must not form deposits on burners and safety devices.

Experience in many countries has shown that these basic requirements are best met by organic sulfur

compounds — sulfides (thioethers) and mercaptans (thiols) — with boiling points below 130 °C. Since

primary mercaptans are easily oxidized to disulfides which have a much lower odour intensity,

mercaptan-based odorants need to predominantly contain secondary and tertiary mercaptans.

While it has been established that the above sulfur compounds fulfil the basic requirements listed above

under a) to e), the suitability of other compounds (e.g. non-sulfur compounds) should not be precluded,

provided they meet these basic requirements.
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SIST EN ISO 13734:2000
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO ISO 13734:1998(E)
Natural gas — Organic sulfur compounds used as odorants —
Requirements and test methods
1 Scope

This International Standard specifies requirements and test methods for organic sulfur compounds

suitable for odorization of natural gas and natural gas substitutes for public gas supply, hereafter

referred to as odorants.
2 Normative reference

The following standard contains provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of

this International Standard. At the time of publication, the edition indicated was valid. All standards are

subject to revision, and parties to agreements based on this International Standard are encouraged to

investigate the possibility of applying the most recent edition of the standard indicated below. Members

of IEC and ISO maintain registers of currently valid International Standards.
ISO 3015:1992, Petroleum products — Determination of cloud point.
3 Definitions

For the purposes of this International Standard, the following definitions apply.

3.1
odorant

an intensely smelling organic chemical or combination of chemicals added to natural gas at low

concentration and capable of imparting a characteristic and distinctive (usually disagreeable) warning

odour so gas leaks can be detected at concentrations below their lower flammability limit

NOTE — Currently commercially used odorants belong to the following classes of substances:

a) alkyl sulfides (alkyl thioethers)
— symmetrical sulfides, e.g. C H -S-C H
2 5 2 5
— asymmetrical sulfides, e.g. CH -S-C H
3 2 5
b) cyclic sulfides (cyclic thioethers), e.g. C H S
4 8
c) alkyl mercaptans (alkane thiols)
— primary mercaptans, e.g. C H -SH
2 5
— secondary mercaptans, e.g. (CH ) CH-SH
3 2
— tertiary mercaptans, e.g. (CH ) C-SH
3 3
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SIST EN ISO 13734:2000
ISO 13734:1998(E) ISO
3.2
diluent

an organic liquid, normally consisting of paraffinic hydrocarbons, used to reduce the concentration of an

odorant to a suitable level at which the solution may be injected into the natural gas

3.3
cloud point

the temperature at which a cloud of wax crystals first appears in a liquid when it is cooled under

specified conditions
[ISO 3015:1992]
4 Requirements
4.1 Composition
The mass content of organic sulfur compounds in
...

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