Intelligent transport systems - DATEX II data exchange specifications for traffic management and information - Part 5: Measured and elaborated data publications

This document is the fifth part of the DATEX II European Standard which deals with the publication sub-models within the DATEX II model that support the exchange of measured and elaborated information.
These publications are intended to support the exchange of informational content from the organization having the measured data and creating elaborated data to other organisations providing ITS services or onward information exchange. It also includes the exchange of static information about measurement sites.
This is specified in three sub-models, a DATEX II Measurement Site Table Publication sub-model, a DATEX II Measured Data Publication sub-model and a DATEX II Elaborated Data Publication sub-model.

Intelligente Transportsysteme - DATEX II Datenaustausch Spezifikationen für Verkehrsmanagement und Information - Teil 5: Publikation von gemessenen und berechneten Verkehrsdaten

Systèmes de transport intelligents - Spécifications Datex II d'échange de données pour la gestion du trafic et l'information routière - Partie 5 : Publications de données mesurées et de données calculées

Le présent document est la cinquième partie de la Norme européenne Datex II qui traite des sous-modèles de publication au sein du modèle Datex II en support de l’échange d’informations mesurées et calculées.
Ces publications visent à permettre l'échange de contenus informationnels depuis un organisme détenant des données mesurées et créant des données calculées vers d'autres organismes qui fournissent des services STI ou des échanges d'informations en aval. Il inclut également l'échange d'informations statiques sur les sites de mesures.
Ceci est spécifié dans trois sous-modèles : un sous-modèle de publication de tables de sites de mesure Datex II, un sous-modèle de publication de données mesurées Datex II et un sous-modèle de publication de données calculées Datex II.

Inteligentni transportni sistemi - Specifikacije za izmenjavo podatkov DATEX II pri upravljanju prometa in informiranju - 5. del: Merjeni in obdelani podatki za objavo

General Information

Status
Published
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
05-Aug-2020
Completion Date
05-Aug-2020

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 16157-5:2020
01-november-2020
Nadomešča:
SIST-TS CEN/TS 16157-5:2014

Inteligentni transportni sistemi - Specifikacije za izmenjavo podatkov DATEX II pri

upravljanju prometa in informiranju - 5. del: Merjeni in obdelani podatki za objavo

Intelligent transport systems - DATEX II data exchange specifications for traffic

management and information - Part 5: Measured and elaborated data publications
Intelligente Transportsysteme - DATEX II Datenaustausch Spezifikationen für

Verkehrsmanagement und Verkehrsinformation - Teil 5: Gemessene und ausgearbeitete

Datenveröffentlichungen
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 16157-5:2020
ICS:
35.240.60 Uporabniške rešitve IT v IT applications in transport
prometu
SIST EN 16157-5:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 16157-5:2020
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SIST EN 16157-5:2020
EN 16157-5
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
August 2020
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 35.240.60 Supersedes CEN/TS 16157-5:2014
English Version
Intelligent transport systems - DATEX II data exchange
specifications for traffic management and information -
Part 5: Measured and elaborated data publications

Systèmes de transport intelligents - Spécifications Intelligente Verkehrssysteme - DATEX II

Datex II d'échange de données pour la gestion du trafic Datenaustauschspezifkation für Verkehrsmanagement

et l'information routière - Partie 5 : Publications de und Verkehrsinformation - Teil 5: Gemessene und

données mesurées et de données calculées ausgearbeitete Datenveröffentlichungen
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 29 June 2020.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 16157-5:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 16157-5:2020
EN 16157-5:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 6

4 Symbols and abbreviations ......................................................................................................................... 7

5 Conformance ..................................................................................................................................................... 7

6 UML notation .................................................................................................................................................... 8

7 The “RoadTrafficData” namespace ........................................................................................................... 8

8 The measurement site table publication model .................................................................................. 9

8.1 Overview of the measurement site table publication model .......................................................... 9

8.2 The “MeasurementSiteTablePublication” package ............................................................................ 9

9 The measured data publication model ................................................................................................ 12

9.1 Overview of the measured data publication model ......................................................................... 12

9.2 The “MeasuredDataPublication” package ........................................................................................... 12

10 The elaborated data publication model ............................................................................................... 13

10.1 Overview of the elaborated data publication model ....................................................................... 13

10.2 The “ElaboratedDataPublication” package ........................................................................................ 13

11 The “Classes” package................................................................................................................................. 15

11.1 Introduction ................................................................................................................................................... 15

11.2 The “PhysicalQuantity” package ............................................................................................................. 15

11.3 The “BasicData” package ........................................................................................................................... 17

11.4 The “DataValue” package .......................................................................................................................... 18

11.5 The “TrafficStatus” package ..................................................................................................................... 20

11.6 The “TravelTimeData” package .............................................................................................................. 21

11.7 The “TrafficData” package ........................................................................................................................ 22

11.8 The “WeatherData” package .................................................................................................................... 29

Annex A (normative) Data Dictionary ............................................................................................................... 33

A.1 Overview ......................................................................................................................................................... 33

A.2 Data Dictionary for “RoadTrafficData” ................................................................................................. 34

A.2.1 “BasicData” package .................................................................................................................................... 34

A.2.2 “Classes” package ......................................................................................................................................... 35

A.2.3 “DataValue” package ................................................................................................................................... 42

A.2.4 “ElaboratedDataPublication” package ................................................................................................. 43

A.2.5 “IndividualVehicleData” package ........................................................................................................... 45

A.2.6 “MeasuredDataPublication” package ................................................................................................... 47

A.2.7 “MeasurementSiteTablePublication” package .................................................................................. 48

A.2.8 “PhysicalQuantity” package...................................................................................................................... 49

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EN 16157-5:2020 (E)

A.2.9 “TrafficConcentration” package .............................................................................................................. 51

A.2.10 “TrafficData” package ................................................................................................................................. 52

A.2.11 “TrafficFlow” package ................................................................................................................................. 53

A.2.12 “TrafficGap” package ................................................................................................................................... 55

A.2.13 “TrafficHeadway” package ........................................................................................................................ 56

A.2.14 “TrafficSpeed” package ............................................................................................................................... 58

A.2.15 “TrafficStatus” package .............................................................................................................................. 60

A.2.16 “TravelTimeData” package ....................................................................................................................... 61

A.2.17 “WeatherData” package ............................................................................................................................. 63

A.3 Data Dictionary of <> for “RoadTrafficData” ......................................................... 66

A.3.1 Introduction.................................................................................................................................................... 66

A.3.2 The <> “DensityVehiclesPerKilometre” .................................................................. 66

A.3.3 The <> “PassengerCarUnitsPerHour” ....................................................................... 66

A.3.4 The <> “VehiclesPerDay” .............................................................................................. 66

A.4 Data Dictionary of <> for “RoadTrafficData” ................................................. 66

A.4.1 Introduction.................................................................................................................................................... 66

A.4.2 The <> “MeasuredOrDerivedDataTypeEnum” .............................................. 66

A.4.3 The <> “PhysicalQuantityFaultEnum” ............................................................. 68

A.4.4 The <> “TimeMeaningEnum” .............................................................................. 68

A.4.5 The <> “TrafficStatusEnum” ................................................................................ 69

A.4.6 The <> “TravelTimeTrendTypeEnum” ............................................................ 69

A.4.7 The <> “TravelTimeTypeEnum” ........................................................................ 70

Annex B (normative) Referenced XML Schema for “RoadTrafficData” .................................................. 71

B.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................................................... 71

B.2 Schema .............................................................................................................................................................. 71

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 86

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SIST EN 16157-5:2020
EN 16157-5:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 16157-5:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 278 “Intelligent

transport systems”, the secretariat of which is held by NEN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by February 2021, and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by February 2021.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes CEN/TS 16157-5:2014.

In comparison with the previous edition, the following technical modifications have been made:

— application of the modelling methodology defined in EN 16157-1,
— correction of bugs,
— addition of requested features,
— removal of redundancy between elaborated and measured data publications.
A list of all parts in the EN 16157 series can be found on the CEN website.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 16157-5:2020
EN 16157-5:2020 (E)
Introduction

The EN 16157 series defines a common set of data exchange specifications to support the vision of a

seamless interoperable exchange of traffic and travel information across boundaries, including national,

urban, interurban, road administrations, infrastructure providers and service providers.

Standardization in this context is a vital constituent to ensure interoperability, reduction of risk,

reduction of the cost base, promotion of open marketplaces and many social, economic and community

benefits to be gained from more informed travellers, network managers and transport operators.

Delivering European Transport Policy in line with the White Paper issued by the European Commission

requires co-ordination of traffic management and development of seamless pan European services.

With the aim to support sustainable mobility in Europe, the European Commission has been supporting

the development of information exchange mainly between the actors of the road traffic management

domain for a number of years. In the road sector, DATEX II has been long in fruition, with the European

Commission being fundamental to its development through an initial contract and subsequent co-

funding through the Euro-Regional projects. With this standardization of DATEX II, there is a real basis

for common exchange between the actors of the traffic and travel information sector.

EN 16157 includes the framework and context for exchanges, the modelling approach, data content,

data structure and relationships.
It supports a methodology that is extensible.

This document deals with the publication sub-models within the DATEX II model that support the

exchange of measured and elaborated information. These publications are intended to support the

exchange of information from the organization having the measured data and creating elaborated data

to other organisations providing ITS services or onward information exchange. It also includes the

exchange of static information about measurement sites.
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SIST EN 16157-5:2020
EN 16157-5:2020 (E)
1 Scope

This document is the fifth part of the DATEX II European Standard which deals with the publication

sub-models within the DATEX II model that support the exchange of measured and elaborated

information.

These publications are intended to support the exchange of informational content from the organization

having the measured data and creating elaborated data to other organisations providing ITS services or

onward information exchange. It also includes the exchange of static information about measurement

sites.

This is specified in three sub-models, a DATEX II Measurement Site Table Publication sub-model, a

DATEX II Measured Data Publication sub-model and a DATEX II Elaborated Data Publication sub-model.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 16157-1:2018, Intelligent transport systems - DATEX II data exchange specifications for traffic

management and information - Part 1: Context and framework

EN 16157-2, Intelligent transport systems - DATEX II data exchange specifications for traffic management

and information - Part 2: Location referencing

EN 16157-7:2018, Intelligent transport systems - DATEX II data exchange specifications for traffic

management and information - Part 7: Common data elements
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 16157-1, EN 16157-7,

EN 16157-2, and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp/ui
— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
3.1
elaborated data

data which is derived/computed from one or more measurements over a period of time

Note 1 to entry: It can be a current value or a forecast value predicted from historical measurements.

3.2
measured data

quantitative data measured against a quantified scale (possibly using standard units of measure)

Note 1 to entry: In comparison to elaborated data, measured data can be considered to represent more directly

observed measurements.
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SIST EN 16157-5:2020
EN 16157-5:2020 (E)
3.3
measurement site
location from where a stream of measured data can be derived

Note 1 to entry: It can be a point, a linear road section or an area. Linear sections may even be specified as

itineraries or predefined location sets, e.g. for travel time routes which comprise one or more different roads.

3.4
physical quantity
quantity used for the quantitative description of physical phenomena
3.5
site measurement
measurement data set derived from a specific measurement site
4 Symbols and abbreviations
ANPR Automatic number plate recognition
PCU Passenger car unit
SCOOT Split cycle and offset optimization technique
UML Unified Modeling Language
XML eXtensible Markup Language
5 Conformance

This document specifies a DATEX II measurement site table publication, a DATEX II measured data

publication and a DATEX II elaborated data publication, except for the elements that relate to location

information which are specified in EN 16157-2, and the common elements (i.e. shared between several

publications) which are defined in EN 16157-7.

The DATEX II platform independent data model, of which these three publication sub-models are a part,

corresponds to the level A model as defined in EN 16157-1.

Conformance with this document shall require platform independent models from which platform

specific models are generated to comply with the UML modelling rules defined in EN 16157-1 and with

the following requirements of the sub-models which are expressed in this document:

— comply with all stipulated minimum and maximum multiplicity requirements for UML elements

and relationships,
— comply with all definitions, types and ordering,
— employ optional elements as specified,
— comply with all expressed constraints.

It should be noted that conformance of a publication service with all the structural requirements stated

above does not necessarily ensure that the informational content of that service will be semantically

comprehensible.
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SIST EN 16157-5:2020
EN 16157-5:2020 (E)
6 UML notation

The UML notation used in this document shall be as described in ISO/IEC 19505-1 [1].

NOTE Some introductory guides to UML 2 are provided in the Bibliography of EN 16157-1:2018.

7 The “RoadTrafficData” namespace

This namespace gathers packages and classes related to road traffic data. Figure 1 represents the

different packages and classes belonging to the “RoadTrafficData” namespace, which uses the

namespace prefix “roa”.
Figure 1 — The “RoadTrafficData” model
The “RoadTrafficData” namespace shall include the following six packages:
— ElaboratedDataPublication,
— MeasuredDataPublication,
— MeasurementSiteTablePublication,
— Classes,
— DataTypes,
— Enumerations.

The two publications “MeasuredDataPublication” and “ElaboratedDataPublication” handle similar data.

It is the responsibility of the data producer to choose the publication he/she estimates as the best to

fulfil his/her need. As guidance, “ElaboratedDataPublication” should be used where there is no defined

measurement site for each calculated value, for example in the case of data derived directly from a

probe vehicle.
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SIST EN 16157-5:2020
EN 16157-5:2020 (E)

The classes, attributes, data types and enumerations that are specific to this document are defined in

Annex A.
The XML schema corresponding to this document is provided in Annex B.
8 The measurement site table publication model
8.1 Overview of the measurement site table publication model
The measurement site table publication model comprises a top-level package,

“MeasurementSiteTablePublication” which uses some classes from the “Common” package and the

“LocationReference” package. The “MeasurementSitePublication” class is a specialization of the

“PayloadPublication” class and hence forms the top of the hierarchy of the measurement site table

publication sub-model.

The “MeasurementSiteTablePublication” package delineates measurement site tables comprising a

number of data sets, each describing the location from where a stream of measured data can be derived.

Each location is known as a “measurement site” which can be a point, a linear road section or an area.

Each “MeasurementSiteTablePublication” class instance shall contain one or more tables represented as

instances of the “MeasurementSiteTable” class, each table containing a number of measurement sites

represented by the “MeasurementSite” class. Each instance of “MeasurementSite” shall be described by

one location and specific characteristics through the class “MeasurementSpecificCharacteristics”, each

instance of which describes a specific measurement such as traffic flow, speed….
8.2 The “MeasurementSiteTablePublication” package
8.2.1 Overview of the “MeasurementSiteTablePublication” package

The “MeasurementSiteTablePublication” package shall comprise a sub-model for defining publishable

measurement site tables which comprise records defining the measurement sites. The following

Figure 2 represents the sub-model including the relationships between classes.

Each publication may contain one or more tables, allowing logical partitioning of measurement sites

information as deemed most appropriate for recipients of measured data information by the supplier

(e.g. by road designation or other geographic criteria or by type of measurement site, etc.).

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SIST EN 16157-5:2020
EN 16157-5:2020 (E)
Figure 2 — The “MeasurementSiteTablePublication” package class model
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SIST EN 16157-5:2020
EN 16157-5:2020 (E)
8.2.2 Semantics of the “MeasurementSiteTablePublication” package
8.2.2.1 “MeasurementSiteTablePublication” class

The “MeasurementSiteTablePublication” class is a specific instantiable case of the “PayloadPublication”

class. Each instance of the “MeasurementSiteTablePublication” class may contain any number of

separate measurement site tables.

The “MeasurementSiteTablePublication” class is the base class for containing the published

measurement site tables.
8.2.2.2 “HeaderInformation” class

Each instance of a “MeasurementSiteTablePublication” shall have associated metadata contained in an

instance of the “HeaderInformation” class which allows the supplier of the measurement site table

publication to specify how the recipient should handle the information contained in it. This class is

defined in EN 16157-7.
8.2.2.3 “MeasurementSiteTable” class

An identifiable versioned instance of the “MeasurementSiteTable” class shall contain any logical

collection of measurement sites (class “MeasurementSite”).

A “MeasurementSiteTable” class instance may be associated with an operator whose information is

described with an “InternationalIdentifier” class.
8.2.2.4 “MeasurementSite” class

An identifiable versioned instance of the “MeasurementSite” class shall contain the characteristics

information relating to a specific measurement site.

Each instance shall be located by using an instance of the “LocationReference” class.

Each instance shall have one indexed “MeasurementSpecificCharacteristics” sub-record for containing

the characteristics of each measurement individually. The index provides the means for a measured

value (in the measured data publication) to be referenced to the corresponding instance of the

“MeasurementSpecificCharacteristics” class at the measurement site.

A “MeasurementSite” class instance may be associated with an operator whose information is described

with a “InternationalIdentifier” class.
8.2.2.5 “InternationalIdentifier” class
This class belongs to the “Common” package specified in EN 16157-7.
8.2.2.6 “LocationReference” class

Each instance of the “MeasurementSite” class shall be located by an instance of the “LocationReference”

class. This class belongs to the “LocationReferencing” package specified in EN 16157-2.

8.2.2.7 “MeasurementSpecificCharacteristics” class

An instance of the “MeasurementSpecificCharacteristics” class contains characteristics which are

specific to a measurement type (specified in a known order) at the given measurement site. Each

measurement may relate to specific vehicles which are described by the “VehicleCharacteristics” class

(see 8.2.2.8), or to a specific lane which is described by the “Lane” class (see 8.2.2.10).

8.2.2.8 “VehicleCharacteristics” class

This class describes the characteristics of a vehicle, e.g. a lorry of gross weight greater than 30 tonnes. It

is defined in the “VehicleCharacteristics” package specified in EN 16157-7.
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SIST EN 16157-5:2020
EN 16157-5:2020 (E)
8.2.2.9 “AxleCharacteristics” class

This class describes the axle characteristics of a vehicle in terms of minimum and maximum weights

when it is used for classifying axle flows.
8.2.2.10 “Lane” class
This class describes the characteristics of a lane. It is defined in the
“SupplementaryPositionalDescription” package specified in EN 16157-2.
9 The measured data publication model
9.1 Overview of the measured data publication model

The measured data publication model shall comprise a top-level package, “MeasuredDataPublication”.

The “MeasuredDataPublication” class shall be inherited from the “PayloadPublication” class and hence

shall form the top of the hierarchy in the measured data publication model.
9.2 The “MeasuredDataPublication” package
9.2.1 Overview of the “MeasuredDataPublication” package

The “MeasuredDataPublication” package shall comprise a sub-model for defining a publication

containing one or more measurement data sets, each set being composed of a number of values

measured at a single measurement site.
It is represented including the relationships between the classes in Figure 3.
Figure 3 — The “MeasuredDataPublication” package class model
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SIST EN 16157-5:2020
EN 16157-5:2020 (E)
9.2.2 Semantics of the “MeasuredDataPublication” package
9.2.2.1 “MeasuredDataPublication” class

The “MeasuredDataPublication” class shall be the only entry point of the package and shall be a specific

instantiable case of a “PayloadPublication”. Each instance of the “MeasuredDataPublication” class shall

contain one or more measurement data sets, each set being measured at a single measurement site. The

“MeasuredDataPublication” class shall be the base
...

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