Child care articles - Baby walking frames - Safety requirements and test methods

This document specifies safety requirements and test methods for baby walking frames into which a child is placed, and intended to be used from when the child is able to sit up by itself until the child is able to walk by itself.
This document does not apply to baby walking frames for therapeutic and curative purposes and to those baby walking frames relying on inflatable parts to support the child.
Toys (e.g. ride on toys, push-along toys, usually intended for children able to walk unaided) are not covered by this document.
If a baby walking frame has several functions or can be converted into another function the relevant European standards apply to it.

Artikel für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder - Kinderlaufhilfen - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Dieses Dokument legt die sicherheitstechnischen Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für Kinderlaufhilfen fest, die von einem Alter an verwendbar sind, in dem das Kind schon selbstständig sitzen kann, bis zu dem Alter, in dem es selbstständig laufen kann.
Dieses Dokument gilt nicht für Kinderlaufhilfen zu therapeutischen Zwecken und Heilbehandlungen und für Kinderlaufhilfen, bei denen das Kind von aufblasbaren Teilen gestützt wird.
Spielzeuge (z. B. Aufsitzspielzeuge oder Rutschspielzeuge, die gewöhnlich für Kinder zum Laufen ohne Unterstützung vorgesehen sind) werden in diesem Dokument nicht behandelt.
Wenn eine Kinderlaufhilfe mehrere Funktionen hat oder zu einer anderen Funktion umgebaut werden kann, gelten dafür die zutreffenden Europäischen Normen.

Articles de puériculture - Trotteurs - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai

Le présent document spécifie les exigences de sécurité et les méthodes d’essai applicables aux trotteurs dans lesquels un enfant est installé, qui sont destinés à être utilisés à partir du moment où l’enfant est capable de se tenir assis tout seul jusqu’au moment où il sait marcher.
Le présent document ne s’applique ni aux trotteurs à fonction thérapeutique et curative, ni à ceux dans lesquels l’enfant est soutenu par des parties gonflables.
Les jouets (par exemple les jouets à enfourcher et les jouets à pousser, habituellement destinés aux enfants en mesure de marcher tout seuls) ne sont pas couverts par le présent document.
Si un trotteur offre plusieurs fonctions ou peut être converti en une autre fonction, les Normes européennes pertinentes s’appliquent.

Izdelki za otroke - Hojce - Varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode

General Information

Status
Published
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
22-Jul-2020
Completion Date
22-Jul-2020

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SLOVENSKI SIST EN 1273
STANDARD
februar 2021
Izdelki za otroke – Hojce – Varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode
Child care articles – Baby walking frames – Safety requirements and
test methods
Articles de puériculture – Trotteurs – Exigences de sécurité et
méthodes d'essai
Artikel für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder – Kinderlaufhilfen – Sicherheitstechnische
Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren
Referenčna oznaka
ICS 97.190 SIST EN 1273:2021 ((sl)en)
Nadaljevanje na straneh od II do IV in od 1 do 59

© 2021-02. Standard je založil in izdal Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 1273 : 2021
NACIONALNI UVOD

Standard SIST EN 1273 ((sl)en), Izdelki za otroke – Hojce – Varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode,

2021, ima status slovenskega standarda in je po metodi ponatisa izvirnika z nacionalnim dodatkom

privzet evropski standard EN 1273 (en), Child care articles – Baby walking frames – Safety

requirements and test methods, 2020.
Ta slovenski standard nadomešča SIST EN 1273:2005.
NACIONALNI PREDGOVOR

Evropski standard EN 1273:2020 je pripravil tehnični odbor Evropskega komiteja za standardizacijo

CEN/TC 252 "Izdelki za otroke", katerega sekretariat vodi AFNOR.

Pripravo tega standarda sta Evropska komisija in Evropsko združenje za prosto trgovino poverila CEN z

mandatom M/264.

Odločitev za izdajo tega standarda je dne 16. decembra 2020 sprejel tehnični odbor SIST/TC OTR

Izdelki za otroke.
NACIONALNI DODATEK
Dodatek C
(normativen)
Opozorila

K preglednici C.1, ki navaja prevode opozoril, navedenih v točki 9, se dodajo slovenski prevodi:

Preglednica C.1: Prevodi opozoril
Slovenian
9.2 OPOZORILO!
[1] OPOZORILO!
[2] Preprečite otroku dostop do stopnišč, stopnic in neravnih površin
[3] Nikoli ne puščajte otroka brez nadzora
9.3 OPOZORILO!
[1] OPOZORILO!
[2] Nikoli ne puščajte otroka brez nadzora.
[3] Preprečite otroku dostop do stopnišč, stopnic in neravnih površin.
9.4 POMEMBNO! POZORNO PREBERITE NAVODILA IN JIH SHRANITE KOT
NAPOTEK ZA V PRIHODNJE.
[1] OPOZORILO!
[2] Nikoli ne puščajte otroka brez nadzora.
[3] S hojco se otrok lahko premika hitreje in tako pride dlje.
[4] Preprečite otroku dostop do stopnišč, stopnic in neravnih površin.
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 1273 : 2021
Slovenian
[5] Zavarujte dostop do ognja, grelnih in kuhalnih naprav.

[6] Odstranite vroče tekočine, električne kable in druge možne nevarnosti iz dosega

otroka.
[7] Preprečite, da bi otrok trčil v steklo v vratih, oknih in pohištvu.
ZVEZA Z NACIONALNIMI STANDARDI

S privzemom tega evropskega standarda veljajo za omejeni namen referenčnih standardov vsi

standardi, navedeni v izvirniku, razen standardov, ki so že sprejeti v nacionalno standardizacijo:

SIST EN 71-2:2011+A1:2014 Varnost igrač – 2. del: Vnetljivost (vključno z dopolnilom A1)

SIST EN 71-3 Varnost igrač – 3. del: Migracija določenih elementov
SIST EN 71-10:2006 Varnost igrač – 10. del: Organske kemijske spojine – Priprava
vzorcev in ekstrakcija
SIST EN 71-11 Varnost igrač – 11. del: Organske kemijske spojine – Analizne
metode
SIST EN 622-1 Vlaknene plošče – Specifikacije – 1. del Splošne zahteve
SIST EN 717-1 Lesne plošče – Ugotavljanje sproščanja formaldehida – 1. del:
Sproščanje formaldehida po komorni metodi

SIST EN ISO 105-A03 Tekstilije – Preskušanje barvne obstojnosti – Del A03: Siva skala za

ocenjevanje prehoda obarvanja spremljajočih tkanin (ISO 105-
A03:2019)

SIST EN ISO 14184-1 Tekstilije – Določevanje formaldehida – 1. del: Prosti in hidrolizirani

formaldehid (vodna ekstrakcija) (ISO 14184-1:2011)

SIST EN ISO 14362-1 Tekstilije – Metode za določevanje nekaterih aromatskih aminov,

izvirajočih iz azo barvil – 1. del: Zaznavanje prisotnosti določenih
azo barvil, dostopnih z ekstrahiranjem vlaken in brez njega (ISO
24362-1:2017)

SIST EN ISO 2813 Barve in laki – Ugotavljanje vrednosti sijaja pod koti 20, 60 in 85

stopinj (ISO 2813:2014)

SIST EN ISO 2439:2009 Penjeni polimerni materiali – Mehke pene – Ugotavljanje trdote

(odpornost proti vtiskovanju) (ISO 2439:2008)
OSNOVA ZA IZDAJO
– privzem standarda EN 1273:2020
PREDHODNE IZDAJE
– SIST EN 1273:2005
– SIST EN 1273:2002
III
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 1273 : 2021
OPOMBE

– Povsod, kjer se v besedilu standarda uporablja izraz “evropski standard”, v SIST EN 1273:2021

to pomeni “slovenski standard”.
– Nacionalni uvod in nacionalni predgovor nista sestavni del standarda.
– Ta nacionalni dokument je istoveten EN 1273:2020 in je objavljen z dovoljenjem
Upravni center
CEN-CENELEC
Rue de la Science 23
B-1040 Bruselj

This national document is identical with EN 1273:2020 and is published with the permission of

Upravni center
CEN-CENELEC
Rue de la Science 23
B-1040 Brussels
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 1273:2021
EN 1273
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
July 2020
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 97.190 Supersedes EN 1273:2005
English Version
Child care articles - Baby walking frames - Safety
requirements and test methods

Articles de puériculture - Trotteurs - Exigences de Artikel für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder -

sécurité et méthodes d'essai Kinderlaufhilfen - Sicherheitstechnische
Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 24 May 2020.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 1273:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 1273:2021
EN 1273:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 5

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 7

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 8

4 Test equipment ................................................................................................................................................ 8

4.1 Test masses ....................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.1.1 Test mass A ........................................................................................................................................................ 8

4.1.2 Test mass B ........................................................................................................................................................ 8

4.1.3 Test mass C ........................................................................................................................................................ 8

4.1.4 Test mass D ........................................................................................................................................................ 9

4.2 Small parts cylinder .................................................................................................................................... 10

4.3 Feeler gauge ................................................................................................................................................... 10

4.4 Test probes for finger entrapment ........................................................................................................ 11

4.4.1 Test probes with hemispherical end ..................................................................................................... 11

4.4.2 Shape assessment probe ........................................................................................................................... 12

4.5 Test platform for stability test ................................................................................................................ 12

4.6 Test equipment for dynamic stability .................................................................................................. 13

4.6.1 Test platform ................................................................................................................................................. 13

4.6.2 Spacer ............................................................................................................................................................... 13

4.7 Test equipment for prevention of fall down steps test .................................................................. 13

4.7.1 Test platform ................................................................................................................................................. 13

4.7.2 Steel cable ....................................................................................................................................................... 14

4.7.3 Pulley ................................................................................................................................................................ 14

4.7.4 Aluminium angle .......................................................................................................................................... 14

4.7.5 Rigid plate ....................................................................................................................................................... 14

4.7.6 Structural characteristics for the test equipment ............................................................................ 14

4.8 Foam.................................................................................................................................................................. 15

5 General requirements and test conditions ......................................................................................... 15

5.1 Product conditioning .................................................................................................................................. 15

5.2 Test conditions .............................................................................................................................................. 15

5.3 Application of forces ................................................................................................................................... 15

5.4 Tolerances ...................................................................................................................................................... 16

5.5 Order of tests ................................................................................................................................................. 16

6 Chemical hazards (see A.2) ....................................................................................................................... 16

6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 16

6.2 Migration of certain elements (see A.2) ............................................................................................... 16

6.3 Formaldehyde (see A.2) ............................................................................................................................. 17

6.4 Colourants (see A.2) .................................................................................................................................... 17

6.5 Aniline (see A.2)............................................................................................................................................ 17

7 Thermal hazards (see A.3) ........................................................................................................................ 18

7.1 Requirement .................................................................................................................................................. 18

7.2 Test method ................................................................................................................................................... 18

---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 1273:2021
EN 1273:2020 (E)

8 Mechanical hazards (see A.4) ................................................................................................................... 18

8.1 Entrapment hazards (see A.4.1) .............................................................................................................. 18

8.1.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 18

8.1.2 Test methods .................................................................................................................................................. 19

8.2 Hazards due to moving parts (see A.4.2) ............................................................................................. 19

8.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 19

8.2.2 Requirements for compression points ................................................................................................. 19

8.2.3 Requirements for shear points ................................................................................................................ 19

8.3 Protective function of the seat ................................................................................................................. 19

8.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 19

8.3.2 Crotch strap .................................................................................................................................................... 19

8.3.3 Removable seats ........................................................................................................................................... 19

8.3.4 Seat height ....................................................................................................................................................... 20

8.4 Hazards due to height adjustment and folding of the product ..................................................... 20

8.4.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 20

8.4.2 Test methods for height adjustment and folding mechanisms .................................................... 21

8.5 Strangulation hazards due to cords, ribbons and similar parts (see A.4.3) ............................ 21

8.5.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 21

8.5.2 Test method .................................................................................................................................................... 22

8.6 Choking and ingestion hazard (see A.4.4) ........................................................................................... 22

8.6.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 22

8.6.2 Test methods .................................................................................................................................................. 22

8.7 Suffocation hazards from plastic packaging (see A.4.5) ................................................................. 23

8.7.1 Plastic packaging .......................................................................................................................................... 23

8.7.2 Plastic decals .................................................................................................................................................. 24

8.8 Hazards from edges, corners and protruding parts (see A.4.6)................................................... 24

8.9 Hazards from inadequate structural integrity (see A.4.7) ............................................................ 24

8.9.1 Static strength ................................................................................................................................................ 24

8.9.2 Dynamic strength ......................................................................................................................................... 25

8.10 Hazards from inadequate stability (see A.4.8)................................................................................... 25

8.10.1 Static stability ................................................................................................................................................ 25

8.10.2 Dynamic stability .......................................................................................................................................... 25

8.11 Hazards due to falling down stairs (see A.4.9) ................................................................................... 26

8.11.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 26

8.11.2 Test method .................................................................................................................................................... 26

8.11.3 Tip over test .................................................................................................................................................... 30

8.12 Parking devices ............................................................................................................................................. 31

8.12.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 31

8.12.2 Test method .................................................................................................................................................... 31

9 Product information .................................................................................................................................... 32

9.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 32

9.2 Marking of the product ............................................................................................................................... 33

9.3 Purchase information ................................................................................................................................. 33

9.4 Instructions for use ...................................................................................................................................... 34

Annex A (informative) Rationales ....................................................................................................................... 35

A.1 Introduction.................................................................................................................................................... 35

A.2 Chemical hazards (see Clause 6) ............................................................................................................. 35

A.3 Thermal hazards (see Clause 7) .............................................................................................................. 35

A.4 Mechanical hazards (see Clause 8) ......................................................................................................... 35

A.4.1 Entrapment hazards (see 8.1) .................................................................................................................. 35

---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 1273:2021
EN 1273:2020 (E)

A.4.2 Hazards due to moving parts (see 8.2) ................................................................................................. 35

A.4.3 Strangulation hazards (see 8.5) .............................................................................................................. 36

A.4.4 Choking and ingestion hazards (see 8.6) ............................................................................................. 36

A.4.5 Suffocation hazards (see 8.7) ................................................................................................................... 36

A.4.6 Hazardous edges, corners and protruding parts (see 8.8)............................................................ 36

A.4.7 Hazards from inadequate structural integrity (see 8.9) ................................................................ 36

A.4.8 Hazards from inadequate stability (see 8.10) ................................................................................... 36

A.4.9 Hazards due to falling down stairs (see 8.11).................................................................................... 36

Annex B (normative) Test platform for tip over test .................................................................................... 37

Annex C (normative) Warnings ............................................................................................................................ 38

Annex D (informative) A–deviations .................................................................................................................. 59

---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN 1273:2021
EN 1273:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 1273:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 252 “Child care

articles”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This European standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by January 2021, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by July 2021.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 1273:2005.

In comparison with the previous edition EN 1273:2005, the following major technical modifications have

been made:
— general redraft in hazard based format;
— addition of new chemical requirements based on CEN/TR 13387-2;

— general update of some mechanical requirements and test methods to the state of the art of

CEN/TR 13387-3;

— improvement of the requirements and test methods for static and dynamic strength;

— modification of the test method for prevention of falls down stairs to improve reproducibility of

results;

— update of product information section and addition of a new symbol from CEN/TR 13387-5.

This document has been prepared under Mandate M/264 given to CEN by the European Commission and

the European Free Trade Association.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia,

Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland,

Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North

Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United

Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN 1273:2021
EN 1273:2020 (E)
Introduction
The purpose of this document is to reduce the risk of accidents.

It is stressed that this document cannot eliminate all possible risks to children using such a product and

that carer control is of paramount importance. Accidents are mainly due to carer(s) not anticipating the

extra reach and speed that children can achieve in the baby walking frame.

It is essential that all warnings and instructions specified in this standard are clearly given by the

manufacturer, to ensure that the baby walking frame can be used safely and correctly.

---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN 1273:2021
EN 1273:2020 (E)
1 Scope

This document specifies safety requirements and test methods for baby walking frames into which a child

is placed, and intended to be used from when the child is able to sit up by itself until the child is able to

walk by itself.

This document does not apply to baby walking frames for therapeutic and curative purposes and to those

baby walking frames relying on inflatable parts to support the child.

Toys (e.g. ride on toys, push-along toys, usually intended for children able to walk unaided) are not

covered by this document.

If a baby walking frame has several functions or can be converted into another function, the relevant

European standards apply to it.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 71-2:2011+A1:2014, Safety of toys - Part 2: Flammability
EN 71-3, Safety of toys - Part 3: Migration of certain elements

EN 71-10:2005, Safety of toys - Part 10: Organic chemical compounds - Sample preparation and extraction

EN 71-11, Safety of toys - Part 11: Organic chemical compounds - Methods of analysis

EN 622-1, Fibreboards - Specifications - Part 1: General requirements

EN 717-1, Wood-based panels - Determination of formaldehyde release - Part 1: Formaldehyde emission by

the chamber method

EN ISO 105-A03, Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part A03: Grey scale for assessing staining (ISO 105-

A03

EN ISO 14184-1, Textiles - Determination of formaldehyde - Part 1: Free and hydrolysed formaldehyde

(water extraction method) (ISO 14184-1)

EN ISO 14362-1, Textiles - Methods for determination of certain aromatic amines derived from azo

colorants - Part 1: Detection of the use of certain azo colorants accessible with and without extracting the

fibres (ISO 14362-1)

EN ISO 2813, Paints and varnishes - Determination of gloss value at 20°, 60° and 85° (ISO 2813)

EN ISO 2439:2008, Flexible cellular polymeric materials - Determination of hardness (indentation

technique) (ISO 2439:2008)
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN 1273:2021
EN 1273:2020 (E)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
baby walking frame

structure with a seat in which a child is placed in a sitting or standing position, which allows a child to

move around with the aid of the support offered by the frame
3.2
crotch strap

device which passes between the child’s legs to prevent the child slipping out of the seat

3.3
base
lower part of the frame where castors or wheels may be attached
3.4
parking device
device to maintain the baby walking frame in a stationary position
4 Test equipment
4.1 Test masses
4.1.1 Test mass A

Test mass A is a rigid cylinder (160 ± 5) mm in diameter and (280 ± 5) mm in height, having a mass of

+01,

12 kg and with its centre of gravity in the centre of the cylinder. All edges shall have a radius of

(20 ± 1) mm. See Figure 1.
4.1.2 Test mass B
Test mass B is a rigid cylinder (160 ± 5) mm in diameter and (280 ± 5) mm in he
...

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Izdelki za otroke - Hojce - Varnostne zahteve in preskusne metodeArtikel für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder - Kinderlaufhilfen - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und PrüfverfahrenArticles de puériculture - Trotteurs - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essaiChild use and care articles - Baby walking frames - Safety requirements and test methods97.190Otroška opremaEquipment for childrenICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:prEN 1273oSIST prEN 1273:2019en,fr,de01-april-2019oSIST prEN 1273:2019SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
oSIST prEN 1273:2019
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
DRAFT prEN 1273
March
t r s { ICS
{ yä s { r Will supersede EN
s t y uã t r r wEnglish Version

Child use and care articles æ Baby walking frames æ Safety requirements and test methods Articles de puériculture æ Trotteurs æ Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d 5essai

Artikel für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder æ Kinderlaufhilfen æ Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiryä It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee

If this draft becomes a European Standardá CEN members are bounwhich stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three ofer language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

Recipients of this draft are invited to submitá with their commentsá notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are aware and to provide supporting documentationä

Warning ã This document is not a European Standardä It is distributed for review and commentsä It is subject to change without notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standardä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Rue de la Science 23,
B-1040 Brussels

t r s { CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä prEN

s t y uã t r s { EoSIST prEN 1273:2019

prEN 1273:2019 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ...................................................................................................................................................... 3 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 5 4 Test equipment ................................................................................................................................................ 6 5 General requirements and test conditions .......................................................................................... 12 6 Chemical hazards (see A.2) ....................................................................................................................... 12 7 Thermal hazards (see A.3) ......................................................................................................................... 14 8 Mechanical hazards (see A.4) ................................................................................................................... 15 9 Product information .................................................................................................................................... 29 Annex A (informative)

Rationales .......................................................................................................................... 32 A.1 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................... 32 A.2 Chemical hazards (see Clause 6) ............................................................................................................. 32 A.3 Thermal hazards (see Clause 7) .............................................................................................................. 32 A.4 Mechanical hazards (see Clause 8) ......................................................................................................... 32 Annex B

(normative)

Test platform for tip over test ..................................................................................... 34 Annex C (normative)

Warnings .............................................................................................................................. 35 Annex D (informative)

A-Deviation ....................................................................................................................... 36 Bibliography.................................................................................................................................................................. 37

oSIST prEN 1273:2019

prEN 1273:2019 (E) 3 European foreword This document (prEN 1273:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 252 “Child care articles”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR. This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry. This document will supersede EN 1273:2005. In comparison with the previous edition EN 1273:2005, the following major technical modifications have been made: — general redraft in hazard based format; — addition of new chemical requirements based on CEN/TR 13387-2; — general update of some mechanical requirements and test methods to the state of the art of CEN/TR 13387-3; — improvement of the requirements and test methods for static and dynamic strength; — modification of the test method for prevention of falls down stairs to improve reproducibility of results; — update of product information section and addition of a new symbol from CEN/TR 13387-5.

oSIST prEN 1273:2019

prEN 1273:2018 Rev (E) 4 Introduction The purpose of this European Standard is to reduce the risk of accidents. It is stressed that this European Standard cannot eliminate all possible risks to children using such a product and that carer control is of paramount importance. Accidents are mainly due to carer(s) not anticipating the extra reach and speed that children can achieve in the baby walking frame. It is essential that all warnings and instructions specified in this standard are clearly given by the manufacturer, to ensure that the baby walking frame can be used safely and correctly.

oSIST prEN 1273:2019

prEN 1273:2019 (E) 5 1 Scope This document specifies safety requirements and test methods for baby walking frames into which a child is placed, and intended to be used from when the child is able to sit up by itself until the child is able to walk by itself. This document does not apply to baby walking frames for therapeutic and curative purposes and to those baby walking frames relying on inflatable parts to support the child. Toys (e.g. ride on toys, push-along toys, usually intended for children able to walk unaided) are not covered by this document. If a baby walking frame has several functions or can be converted into another function the relevant European standards apply to it. 2 Normative references The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 71-2:2011+A1:2014, Safety of toys — Part 2: Flammability EN 71-3, Safety of toys — Part 3: Migration of certain elements EN 71-10:2005, Safety of toys — Part 10: Organic chemical compounds — Sample preparation and extraction EN 71-11, Safety of toys — Part 11: Organic chemical compounds — Methods of analysis EN 622-1, Fibreboards — Specifications — Part 1: General requirements EN 717-1, Wood-based panels — Determination of formaldehyde release — Part 1: Formaldehyde emission by the chamber method EN ISO 14184-1, Textiles — Determination of formaldehyde — Part 1: Free and hydrolysed formaldehyde (water extraction method) (ISO 14184-1:2011) EN ISO 14362-1, Textiles — Methods for determination of certain aromatic amines derived from azo colorants — Part 1: Detection of the use of certain azo colorants accessible with and without extracting the fibres (ISO 14362-1:2017) EN ISO 17234-1, Leather — Chemical tests for the determination of certain azo colorants in dyed leathers — Part 1: Determination of certain aromatic amines derived from azo colorants (ISO 17234-1:2015) ISO 2813, Paints and varnishes — Determination of gloss value at 20 degrees, 60 degrees and 85 degrees 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses: — IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/ — ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp oSIST prEN 1273:2019

prEN 1273:2018 Rev (E) 6 3.1 baby walking frame structure with a seat in which a child is placed in a sitting or standing position, which allows a child to move around with the aid of the support offered by the frame 3.2 crotch strap device which passes between the child’s legs to prevent the child slipping out of the seat 3.3 base lower part of the frame where castors or wheels may be attached 3.4 parking device device to maintain the baby walking frame in a stationary position 4 Test equipment 4.1 Test masses 4.1.1 Test mass A Test mass A is a rigid cylinder (160 ± 5) mm in diameter and (280 ± 5) mm in height, having a mass of

+01012, kg and with its centre of gravity in the centre of the cylinder. All edges shall have a radius of (20 ± 1) mm. 4.1.2 Test mass B Test mass B is a rigid cylinder (160 ± 5) mm in diameter and (280 ± 5) mm in height, having a mass of +010765,, kg and with its centre of gravity in the centre of the cylinder. All edges shall have a radius of (20 ± 1) mm. 4.1.3 Test mass C Test mass C is a rigid cylinder (160 ± 5) mm in diameter and (280 ± 5) mm in height, having a mass of +010126,, kg and with its centre of gravity in the centre of the cylinder. All edges shall have a radius of (20 ± 1) mm. 4.1.4 Test mass D Test mass D is a mass of 3,6 kg with a flat circular bottom surface. 4.2 Small parts cylinder Small parts cylinder for the assessment of small components, having dimensions in accordance with Figure 1. oSIST prEN 1273:2019

prEN 1273:2019 (E) 7 Dimension in millimetres

Figure 1 — Small parts cylinder 4.3 Feeler gauge Gauge with a thickness of (0,4 ± 0,02) mm and an insertion edge radius of (3 ± 0,5) mm (see Figure 2). Dimensions in millimetres

Figure 2 — Feeler gauge 4.4 Test probes for finger entrapment 4.4.1 Test probes with hemispherical end Probes made from plastic or other hard, smooth material of diameters −0017, mm and +01012, mm with a full hemispherical end that can be mounted on a force-measuring device, see Figure 3. Mesh probe made from plastic or other hard, smooth material as shown in Figure 4. oSIST prEN 1273:2019

prEN 1273:2018 Rev (E) 8 Dimensions in millimetres

Key Probe type 7 mm probe 12 mm probe Diameter A 0-017, +01012, Radius RB half of diameter A half of diameter A 1 Line scribed around circumference showing depth of penetration Figure 3 — Test probes with hemispherical end Dimensions in millimetres

Key Probe type Mesh probe Diameter A −0017, Diameter B −00156,, Radius RB half of diameter B Figure 4 — Test probe for mesh 4.4.2 Shape assessment probe Probe made from plastics or other hard, smooth material with the dimensions shown in Figure 5. oSIST prEN 1273:2019

prEN 1273:2019 (E) 9 Dimensions in millimetres

Key A front view B top view C side view D 3D view Figure 5 — Shape assessment probe 4.5 Test platform for stability test A sloping platform inclined at an angle of 30° to the horizontal with a 100 mm stop fitted to the lower edge of the slope (Figure 6).

Key 1 stop 2 platform Figure 6— Static stability test 4.6 Test equipment for dynamic stability 4.6.1 Test platform The test platform of 4.7.1 with an aluminium stop with a height of 40 mm and thickness of at least 10 mm at its front edge. 4.6.2 Spacer A squared sectioned piece of aluminium 40 mm by 40 mm with a minimum length of 200 mm. oSIST prEN 1273:2019

prEN 1273:2018 Rev (E) 10 4.7 Test equipment for prevention of fall down steps test 4.7.1 Test platform A horizontal test platform as shown in Figure B.1 with a flat smooth surface made of beech wood with a minimum thickness of 18 mm. The front edge shall be straight cut, without any radius (Figure 7).

Figure 7 — Front edge of the test platform The grain of the wooden surface shall be orientated in line with the longitudinal axis of the test platform and there shall be no joints perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the test platform (see Figure 8). The top shall be pre-finished with wood floor polyurethane varnish with a nominal gloss of (75 ± 5) gloss units measured with an angle of 60° according to ISO 2813. The wooden surface shall be fixed to the frame to avoid deformation of the wooden surface during the tests. If variations in temperature and/or humidity in the laboratory cause the wooden surface to deform, the fixing shall be adjusted to ensure the wooden surface is flat.

Key 1 direction of the baby walking frame movement Figure 8 — Orientation of the wooden surface 4.7.2 Steel cable A galvanised steel cable with a nominal diameter of 2 mm ± 0,1 mm. oSIST prEN 1273:2019

prEN 1273:2019 (E) 11 4.7.3 Pulley A stainless steel ball bearing pulley with the functional diameter of 80 mm with a rounded groove suitable for the cable. The centre of the pulley is positioned at a minimum distance of 510 mm from the platform edge (see Figure B.1). The height of the pulley shall be adjustable. 4.7.4 Aluminium angle A 25 mm by 25 mm rigid aluminium angle with a thickness of (2 ± 0,5) mm and a length of 1,5 m. 4.7.5 Rigid plate A rigid plate of a dimensions of 50 mm × 50 mm. 4.7.6 Structural characteristics for the test equipment The different parts of the test equipment shall fulfil the following (see Figure 9): i. have a maximum vertical displacement of 1 mm when a force of 400 N is applied over a diameter of 100 mm flush on the centre of the front edge of the platform (point a); ii. have a maximum horizontal displacement of 1 mm when a force of 200 N is applied over a diameter of 100 mm on the edge parallel to the longitudinal axis of the platform at the following points: (b) front edge, (c) middle point, (d) rear edge; iii. have a maximum horizontal displacement of 1 mm when a force of 200 N is applied over a diameter of 100 mm in the middle of the front or rear edge along the longitudinal axis of the platform (point e); iv. have a maximum vertical displacement of 1 mm when a 20 kg mass is hung on the pulley.

Key a)
top view b)
side view a
the centre of the front edge of the platform d
rear edge b
front edge e
the longitudinal axis of the platform c
middle point
Figure 9 — Application of forces on the platform oSIST prEN 1273:2019

prEN 1273:2018 Rev (E) 12 4.8 Foam A polyurethane foam sheet with a thickness of 60 mm, a bulk density of 35 kg/m3 ± 10 % or an indentation hardness index of (170 ± 40) N in accordance with EN ISO 2439:2008, A.40. 5 General requirements and test conditions 5.1 Product conditioning Before testing, any fabrics used shall be cleaned or washed and dried twice in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. 5.2 Test conditions The tests shall be carried out in ambient conditions of (20 ± 5) °C. The tests are designed to be applied to baby walking frames that are fully assembled and ready for use in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. If the baby walking frame can be assembled or adjusted in different ways in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions, the most onerous combinations shall be used for each test, unless otherwise specified in the test method. 5.3 Application of forces The forces in the static load tests shall be applied sufficiently slowly to ensure that negligible dynamic force is applied. 5.4 Tolerances Unless otherwise stated, the accuracy of the test equipment shall be: — Forces:

± 5 % of the nominal force; — Masses:
± 0,5 % of the nominal mass; — Dimensions:
± 0,5 mm of the nominal dimension; — Angles:
± 0,5° of the nominal angle; — Duration:

± 1 s of the nominal duration. The tests are described in terms of the application of forces. Masses can however be used. The relationship 10 N = 1 kg may be used for this purpose. Unless otherwise specified, the test forces may be applied by any suitable device which does not adversely affect the results. 5.5 Order of tests Unless otherwise stated in the test methods, the tests shall be carried out on the same baby walking frame in the order listed in this standard. 6 Chemical hazards (see A.2) 6.1 General If testing is required, a separate unconditioned sample shall be used for the tests in Clause 6. oSIST prEN 1273:2019

prEN 1273:2019 (E) 13 6.2 Migration of certain elements (see A.2) The migration of elements from materials on exterior surfaces shall not exceed the limits listed in Table 1. Table 1 — Limits for heavy metals migration Element mg/kg

Element mg/kg Aluminium 70 000
Lead 23 Antimony 560
Manganese 15 000 Arsenic 47
Mercury 94 Barium 18 750
Nickel 930 Boron 15 000
Selenium 460 Cadmium 17
Strontium 56 000 Chromium (III) 460
Tin 180 000 Chromium (VI) 0,2
Organic tin 12 Cobalt 130
Zinc 46 000 Copper 7 700

When testing is performed, the method described in EN 71-3 shall be used. Components under the base (e.g. castors or wheels, braking pads, …) are excluded from these requirements. 6.3 Formaldehyde (see A.2) Accessible textile components shall not contain free and hydrolysed formaldehyde in excess of 30 mg/kg. When testing is performed, the method described in EN ISO 14184-1 shall be used. Resin-bonded wood components shall not release formaldehyde in excess of 0,124 mg/m3 (class E1 according to EN 622-1). When testing is performed, the method described in EN 717-1 shall be used. 6.4 Colorants (see A.2) When tested in accordance with EN 71-10:2005, Annex A, if the colour fastness to sweat of accessible textile components is lower than 3-4 on the grey scale as defined in EN 20105-A03, the part shall be tested for colorants with the methods described in EN 71-10 and EN 71-11 and the limits in Table 2 shall be fulfilled. Table 2 — Colourants limits CoIour Index Generic Name (CIGN) Colour Index Constitution Number (CICN) CAS Number Limit Disperse Blue 1 64500 2475–45–8 Action limit Disperse Blue 3 61505 2475–46–9 Action limit Disperse Blue 106 111935 12223–01–7 Action limit Disperse Blue 124 111938 61951–51–7 Action limit oSIST prEN 1273:2019

prEN 1273:2018 Rev (E) 14 CoIour Index Generic Name (CIGN) Colour Index Constitution Number (CICN) CAS Number Limit Disperse Yellow 3 11855 2832–40–8 Action limit Disperse Orange 3 11855 730–40–5 Action limit Disperse Orange 37/76/59 11132 12223–33–5 13301–61–6 Action limit Disperse Red 1 11110 2872–52–8 Action limit Solvent Yellow 1 11000 60–09–3 Action limit Solvent Yellow 2 11020 60–11–7 Action limit Solvent Yellow 3 11160 97–56–3 Action limit Basic Red 9 42500 569–61–9 Action limit Basic Violet 1 42535 8004–87–3 Action limit Basic Violet 3 42555 548–62–9 Action limit Acid Red 26 16150 3761–53–3 Action limit Acid Violet 49 42640 1694–09–3 Action limit

6.5 Aniline (see A.2) Aniline shall not exceed the limit of 30 mg/kg after reductive cleavage from accessible textile components. When testing is performed the method of EN ISO 14362-1 and EN ISO 17234-1, adapted as appropriate to measure aniline, shall be used. 7 Thermal hazards (see A.3) 7.1 Requirement When tested in accordance with 7.2, there shall be no surface flash and the rate of spread of flame shall not exceed 50 mm/s. A separate sample, conditioned according to 5.1, may be used for these tests. 7.2 Test method To verify the surface flash effect apply the test flame defined in EN 71-2:2011+A1:2014, 5.5 for (3 ± 0,5) s to the baby walking frame in different places likely to cause surface flash. To verify rate of spread of flame apply the test flame defined in EN 71-2:2011+A1:2014, 5.4. oSIST prEN 1273:2019

prEN 1273:2019 (E) 15 8 Mechanical hazards (see A.4) 8.1 Entrapment hazards (see A.4.1) 8.1.1 Requirements When tested in accordance with 8.1.2, there shall be no completely bounded openings between 7 mm and 12 mm unless the depth is less than 10 mm or unless the shape assessment probe (see 4.6) enters when tested in accordance with 8.1.2. When tested in accordance with 8.1.2, there shall be no openings in mesh that allow the test probe for mesh (see 4.6) to penetrate to the 7 mm diameter section. The test shall be carried out with the product in any intended position of use. This requirement does not apply to the castors, wheels, the whole base of the baby walking frame, and to any other part of the underside of the tray more than 100 mm from the vertical projection of the outer edge (see Figure 10).

Key

100 mm distance from the edge Figure 10 — Underside of the tray 8.1.2 Test methods Check whether the 7 mm probe (see 4.6), with an applied force of up to 30 N, enters 10 mm or more into any accessible completely bounded opening in any possible orientation. If the 7 mm probe enters 10 mm or more, then the 12 mm probe (see 4.6) shall also enter 10 mm or more with an applied force of up to 5 N. If the 7 mm probe enters with an applied force of up to 30 N but the 12 mm probe does not enter 10 mm or more with an applied force of up to 5 N, check whether the 12 mm shape assessment probe (see 4.6) enters 10 mm or more with an applied force of up to 5 N. Check whether the test probe for mesh (see 4.6), with an applied force of up to 30 N, penetrates accessible openings in mesh up to the 7 mm diameter section. 8.2 Hazards due to moving parts (see A.4.2) 8.2.1 General Shear and compression points which are created only when setting up or folding are acceptable as the carer can be assumed to be in control of these actions. oSIST prEN 1273:2019

prEN 1273:2018 Rev (E) 16 The castors, wheels, whole base of the baby walking frame and the underside of the tray, more than 100 mm from the vertical projection of the outer edge of the tray, are excluded from the requirements of

8.2. 8.2.2 Requirements for compression points After the baby walking frame is set up for normal use in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions there shall be no compression points which can close to less than 12 mm unless they are always less than 5 mm, through the whole range of movement. Movement due elasticity of materials shall not be considered as a compression hazard. 8.2.3 Requirements for shear points After the baby walking frame is set up for normal use in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions there shall be no shear points which can close to less than 12 mm. Movement due to play and/or elasticity of materials shall not be considered as a shearing hazard. 8.3 Protective function of the seat 8.3.1 General There shall be no harness-based restraint system. 8.3.2 Crotch strap The baby walking frame shall be fitted with a crotch strap. Where a crotch strap is made of flexible material, the width shall be at least 50 mm. Where a crotch strap is made of rigid material, the width shall be at least 20 mm. 8.3.3 Removable seats If the seat is removable, the fixing mechanism(s) to attach the seat shall be designed so as to prevent the seat from inadvertently becoming detached. This requirement is met if one of the following is fulfilled: a) the removal of the seat requires at least two independent fixing mechanisms which shall be operated simultaneously; or b) a single fixing mechanism is designed to be operated only with the use of a tool; or c) a single fixing mechanism requires a force of at least 50 N to release it; or d) two consecutive actions are required to release the fixing mechanism, the operation of the second action being dependent on the first action being carried out and maintained; or e) 3 or more independent actions (e.g. undoing a clip) are required to remove the seat. 8.3.4 Seat height 8.3.4.1 Requirement The height of the seat in the lowest position shall be at least 180 mm above the ground, when measured in accordance with 8.3.4.2. oSIST prEN 1273:2019

prEN 1273:2019 (E) 17 8.3.4.2 Test methods Place the baby walking frame on a smooth level horizontal surface. Place the test mass A (4.4.1) centrally in a vertical position on the seat of the baby walking frame (Figure 3) and leave it for 10 min before measuring. Measure the seat height from the lower surface of the test mass to the horizontal surface (see Figure 11).

Key h height of the seat in the lowest position Figure 11 — Measurement of the minimum height of adjustable seat 8.4 Hazards due to height adjustment and folding of the product 8.4.1 Requirements 8.4.1.1 General Baby walking frames which may be folded or adjusted shall be fitted with locking mechanism(s) for the folding and height adjustment system. 8.4.1.2 Incomplete deployment To avoid the hazard due to incomplete deployment, at least one locking mechanism shall engage automatically when the product is deployed for use in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions for use. 8.4.1.3 Unintentional release of locking mechanism(s) To avoid the hazards due to unintentional release, when tested in accordance with 8.4.2, the baby walking frame shall not collapse, shall remain locked in the position for use and one of the following conditions shall be fulfilled: a) there are at least two independent locking devices that shall be operated simultaneously; or b) it is designed to be operated only with the use of a tool; or c) two consecutive actions are required to release the folding mechanism, the operation of the second action being dependent on the first action being carried out and maintained. 8.4.2 Test methods for height adjustment and folding mechanisms 8.4.2.1 Durability test Release any height adjustment and/or folding mechanisms. oSIST prEN 1273:2019

prEN 1273:2018 Rev (E) 18 Completely fold the baby walking frame and erect in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. Repeat the test for a total of 100 cycles. 8.4.2.2 Strength test Set up the baby walking frame for normal use in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. Apply a force of 200 N in the direction of the folding action of the baby walking frame and maintain the force for 2 min. Apply the force 5 times in total. 8.5 Hazards from entanglement in cords, ribbons and similar parts (see A.4.3) 8.5.1 Requirements Cords, ribbons and similar parts shall have a free length not exceeding 220 mm when tested in accordance with 8.6.2. Where cords, ribbons and similar parts are attached to the baby walking frame together or within 80 mm of each other, any single cord shall have a free length not exceeding 220 mm and the combined length from one loose end to the end of another loose end shall not exceed 360 mm (see Figure 12), when tested in accordance with 8.6.2. Loops shall have a peripheral dimension not exceeding 360 mm, when tested in accordance with 8.6.2. Monofilament threads shall not be used. Dimensions in millimetres

Key L length D distance Figure 12 — Examples of measuring cords, ribbons or similar parts oSIST prEN 1273:2019

prEN 1273:2019 (E) 19 8.5.2 Test method The length of a cord, ribbon or similar part is measured from the fixing point on the baby walking frame to the free end of the cord, ribbon or similar part while a 25 N tensile force is applied. The peripheral dimension of a loop shall be measured while a 25 N tensile force is applied. 8.6 Choking and ingestion hazard (see A.4.4) 8.6.1 Requirements When tested in accordance with 8.6.2 any component or part of a component that is removed, whether intended to be removed without the use of a tool or not, shall not fit entirely within the small parts cylinder specified in 4.2. 8.6.2 Test methods 8.6.2.1 Assessment of child’s ability to grip components A component is considered to be able to be gripped by a child if it can grip the component between its thumb and forefinger or between its teeth. Where it is difficult to assess whether a child can grip a component, establish whether it can be gripped by inserting once the feeler gauge specified in 4.3 between the component and the underlying layer at an angle between 0° and 10° from the surface of the underlying layer using a force of (10 ± 1) N. If the gauge can be inserted more than 2 mm, the component is considered to be able to be gripped by the child. 8.6.2.2 Torque test Apply a torque gradually to the component within a period of 5 s in a clockwise direction until either: a) a rotation of 180° from the original position has been attai

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