Components for slings - Safety - Part 1: Forged steel components, Grade 8

This Part of EN 1677 specifies general requirements for forged steel components of grade 8 up to 63 t WLL, mainly for use in:
-   chain slings according to EN 818-4;
-   steel wire rope slings according to prEN 13414-1:1999;
-   textile slings according to EN 1492-1:2000, EN 1492-2:2000
intended for lifting objects, materials or goods.
This standard does not apply to hand forged components and welded links, nor to other welded components.
The hazards covered by this Part of EN 1677 are identified in clause 4.
Annex A is informative, and gives the bases for calculation of tabulated values of mechanical properties.
Annex B is informative, and gives an example of a designation system for forged steel lifting components of grade 8.
Annex ZA gives the relationship with EU-Directives.

Einzelteile für Anschlagmittel - Sicherheit - Teil 1: Geschmiedete Einzelteile, Güteklasse 8

Dieser Teil von EN 1677 legt allgemeine Anforderungen für geschmiedete Einzelteile in Güteklasse 8 im Bereich bis 63 t Tragfähigkeit fest, die hauptsächlich Verwendung finden in:
   Anschlagketten nach EN 818-4,
   Anschlagseilen aus Stahldrahtseilen nach EN 13414-1:1999 und
   textilen Anschlagmitteln nach EN 1492-1:2000 und EN 1492-2:2000,
die zum Heben von Gegenständen, Materialien und Gütern vorgesehen sind.
Dieser Teil von EN 1677 gilt weder für handgeschmiedete Einzelteile und geschweißte Einzelglieder noch für andere geschweißte Einzelteile.
Die Gefährdungen, die durch diesen Teil von EN 1677 abgedeckt werden, sind in Abschnitt 4 aufgeführt.
Anhang A ist informativ und enthält Grundlagen für die Berechnung der Tabellenwerte für die mechanischen Eigenschaften.
Anhang B ist informativ und enthält ein Beispiel eines Bezeichnungssystems für geschmiedete Einzelteile der Güteklasse 8.
Die Anhänge ZA und ZB geben den Zusammenhang mit EG-Richtlinien an.

Accessoires pour élingues - Sécurité - Partie 1: Accessoires en acier forgé, Classe 8

La présente partie de l'EN 1677 spécifie les prescriptions générales requises pour les accessoires en acier forgé de
classe 8, de charge maximale d'utilisation inférieure ou égale à 63 t, principalement utilisés avec
— des élingues en chaînes selon l'EN 818-4 ;
— des élingues en câbles d'acier, selon !l’EN 13414-1+A2:2008" ;
— des élingues textiles selon les EN 1492-1:2000 et EN 1492-2:2000.
prévues pour le levage d'objets, de matériels ou de marchandises.
La présente norme européenne ne s'applique pas aux éléments forgés à la main, aux maillons soudés, ni aux autres
composants soudés.
Les risques couverts par la présente partie de l'EN 1677 sont identifiés dans l'article 4.
L'annexe A est informative et indique les bases de calcul des valeurs des propriétés mécaniques données dans
les tableaux.
L'annexe B est informative et donne un exemple de système de désignation des accessoires en acier forgé pour
élingues de classe 8.
!Les Annexes ZA et ZB donnent la relation avec les Directives UE."

Sestavni deli obes - Varnost - 1. del: Kovani jekleni deli, kakovostni razred 8

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
11-Nov-2008
Current Stage
9093 - Decision to confirm - Review Enquiry
Due Date
02-Dec-2018
Completion Date
03-Dec-2018

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Sestavni deli obes - Varnost - 1. del: Kovani jekleni deli, kakovostni razred 8Einzelteile für Anschlagmittel - Sicherheit - Teil 1: Geschmiedete Einzelteile, Güteklasse 8Accessoires pour élingues - Sécurité - Partie 1: Accessoires en acier forgé, Classe 8Components for slings - Safety - Part 1: Forged steel components, Grade 853.020.30Pribor za dvigalno opremoAccessories for lifting equipmentICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 1677-1:2000+A1:2008SIST EN 1677-1:2001+A1:2009en,fr,de01-januar-2009SIST EN 1677-1:2001+A1:2009SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 1677-1:2001+A1:2009
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 1677-1:2000+A1
November 2008 ICS 53.020.30 Supersedes EN 1677-1:2000 English Version
Components for slings - Safety - Part 1: Forged steel components, Grade 8

Accessoires pour élingues - Sécurité - Partie 1: Accessoires en acier forgé, Classe 8

Einzelteile für Anschlagmittel - Sicherheit - Teil 1: Geschmiedete Einzelteile, Güteklasse 8 This European Standard was approved by CEN on 21 May 2000 and includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 9 September 2008.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36

B-1050 Brussels © 2008 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 1677-1:2000+A1:2008: ESIST EN 1677-1:2001+A1:2009

EN 1677-1:2000+A1:2008 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword..............................................................................................................................................................3 Introduction.........................................................................................................................................................4 1 Scope......................................................................................................................................................4 2 Normative references............................................................................................................................4 3 Terms and definitions...........................................................................................................................5 4 Hazards...................................................................................................................................................6 Table 1 — Hazards and associated requirements...........................................................................................6 5 Safety requirements..............................................................................................................................7 Table 2 — Chemical composition - Alloying elements...................................................................................7 Table 3 — Sulfur and phosphorous content....................................................................................................8 Table 4 — Mechanical properties....................................................................................................................10 6 Verification of safety requirements....................................................................................................11 Table 5 — Number of components in a lot.....................................................................................................13 7 Marking.................................................................................................................................................14 8 Manufacturer's certificate...................................................................................................................14 9 Instructions for use.............................................................................................................................15 Annex A (informative)

Calculation of mechanical properties.......................................................................16 Annex B (informative)

Designation system for forged steel components - Grade 8.................................17 Annex ZA (informative)

!!!!Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 98/37/EC"""".......................................................................................18 Annex ZB (informative)

!!!!Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC""""...................................................................................19

SIST EN 1677-1:2001+A1:2009

EN 1677-1:2000+A1:2008 (E) 3 Foreword This document (EN 1677-1:2000+A1:2008) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 168 “Chains, ropes, webbing, slings and accessories - Safety”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by May 2009, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by December 2009. This document includes Amendment 1, approved by CEN on 2008-09-09. This document supersedes EN 1677-1:2000. The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags !". This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s). !For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annexes ZA and ZB, which are integral parts of this document." The other Parts of EN 1677 for components for slings are: Part 2: Forged steel lifting hooks with latch - Grade 8 Part 3: Forged steel self-locking hooks - Grade 8 Part 4: Links - Grade 8 Part 5: Forged steel lifting hooks with latch - Grade 4 Part 6: Links - Grade 4

Annexes A and B of this European standard are informative.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

SIST EN 1677-1:2001+A1:2009

EN 1677-1:2000+A1:2008 (E) 4 Introduction This European Standard has been prepared to be a harmonized standard providing one means of complying with the essential safety requirements of the Machinery Directive and associated EFTA regulations.

The components covered by this Part of EN 1677 are normally supplied to be part of a sling, but they may also be used for other applications. In such instances it is important that the component design is checked to ensure its fitness for the intended use.

The extent to which hazards are covered is indicated in the scope. In addition, lifting equipment shall conform as appropriate to EN 292 for hazards that are not covered by this standard. 1 Scope This Part of EN 1677 specifies general requirements for forged steel components of grade 8 up to 63 t WLL, mainly for use in:

 chain slings according to EN 818-4;  steel wire rope slings according to prEN 13414-1:1999;  textile slings according to EN 1492-1:2000, EN 1492-2:2000

intended for lifting objects, materials or goods.

This standard does not apply to hand forged components and welded links, nor to other welded components.

The hazards covered by this Part of EN 1677 are identified in clause 4.

Annex A is informative, and gives the bases for calculation of tabulated values of mechanical properties.

Annex B is informative, and gives an example of a designation system for forged steel lifting components of grade 8.

!Annexes ZA and ZB give the relationship with EU-Directives."

2 Normative references This European Standard incorporates, by dated or undated reference, provisions from other publications. These normative references are cited at appropriate places in the text and the publications are listed hereafter. For dated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publications apply to this European Standard only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. For undated references the latest edition of the publication referred to applies. EN 292-1, Safety of machinery - Basic concepts - General principles for design – Part 1: Basic terminology, methodology

EN 292-2:1991/A1:1995, Safety of machinery - Basic concepts - General principles for design – Part 2: Technical principles and specifications (Amendment 1:1995)

EN 818-4, Short-link chain for lifting purposes – Safety – Part 4: Chain slings Grade 8 SIST EN 1677-1:2001+A1:2009

EN 1677-1:2000+A1:2008 (E) 5 EN 818-6:2000, Short-link chain for lifting purposes – Safety – Part 6: Chain slings - Specification for information for use and maintenance to be provided by the manufacturer

EN 1050:1996, Safety of machinery - Principles of risk assessment

EN 1492-1:2000, Textile slings – Safety – Part 1: Flat woven webbing slings made of man-made fibres

EN 1492-2:2000, Textile slings – Safety – Part 2: Round slings made of man-made fibres

prEN 13414-1:1999, Steel wire rope slings – Safety - Part 1:Wire rope slings

EN ISO 9001, Quality systems - Model for quality assurance in design/development, production, installation and servicing

EN ISO 9002:1994, Quality systems - Model for quality assurance in production, installation and servicing

EN 10002-2:1991, Metallic materials - Tensile testing – Part 2: Verification of the force measuring system of the tensile testing machine

EN 10025:1993, Hot rolled products of non-alloy structural steels - Technical delivery conditions

EN 10228-1:1999, Non-destructive testing of steel forgings – Part 1: Magnetic particle inspection

EN 10228-2:1998, Non-destructive testing of steel forgings – Part 2: Penetrant testing

EN 45012, General criteria for certification bodies operating quality system certification

ISO 643, Steels - Micrographic determination of the ferritic or austenitic grain size

3 Terms and definitions For the purpose of this Part of EN 1677 the following definitions apply.

3.1

working load limit (WLL) Maximum mass that a component is authorized to sustain in general lifting service, expressed as a code.

NOTE This term has the same meaning as the term maximum working load used in annex A of

EN 292-2: 1991/A1: 1995. 3.2

manufacturing proof force (MPF) Force applied to the component during the manufacturing proof test.

3.3

breaking force (BF) Maximum force reached during the static tensile test of the component, at which the component fails to retain the load.

3.4

traceability code Series of letters and/or numbers marked on a component that enables its manufacturing history, including the identity of the cast of steel used, to be traced.

SIST EN 1677-1:2001+A1:2009
EN 1677-1:2000+A1:2008 (E) 6 3.5

competent person Designated person, suitably trained, qualified by knowledge and practical experience, and with the necessary instruction to enable the required test and examination to be carried out.

NOTE Clause 4.18 of EN ISO 9002:1994 gives guidance on training. 3.6

lot Specified number of components from which samples are selected for testing purposes, and that have been manufactured from the same cast of steel and subjected to the same heat treatment process.

4 Hazards Accidental release of a load, or release of a load due to failure of a component puts at risk, either directly or indirectly, the safety or health of those persons within the danger zone.

In order to provide the necessary strength and durability of components this Part of EN 1677 gives requirements for the design, manufacture and testing to ensure the specified levels of performance are met.

Since failure can be caused by the incorrect choice of grade and specification of component, this Part of EN 1677 also gives requirements for marking and the manufacturer’s certificate.

Risk of injury due to sharp edges, sharp angles or rough surfaces when handling is also covered by this Part of EN 1677.

Those aspects of safe use associated with good practice are given in EN 818-6:2000.

Table 1 contains those hazards which require action to reduce risk identified by risk assessment as being specific and significant for forged steel components, Grade 8. Table 1 — Hazards and associated requirements Hazards identified in annex A of EN 1050 : 1996 Relevant clause of annex A of EN 292-2: 1991/A1: 1995 Relevant clause/subclause of this Part of EN 1677 1 Mechanical hazard due to 1.3.2 5

inadequacy of strength 4.1.2.3 5
4.1.2.5 5
4.2.4 5
1.7.3 7
1.7.4 9 1.3 Cutting hazard 1.3.4 5.3 1.8 Friction or 1.3.4 5.3
abrasion hazard
SIST EN 1677-1:2001+A1:2009

EN 1677-1:2000+A1:2008 (E) 7 5 Safety requirements 5.1 General 5.1.1 Articulation The dimensions of the forged steel components covered by this Part of EN 1677 shall be such as to ensure articulation so that the force imposed is transmitted in the intended direction. 5.1.2 Relative movement Parts of mechanical joining devices, such as pins and their securing elements, shall be so designed and manufactured that, after assembly, no unintended displacement can occur. NOTE The effects of wear, corrosion of securing elements or rough usage should be considered. 5.2 Materials and heat treatment 5.2.1 Quality of material 5.2.1.1 General Within the limitations given in 5.2.1.2 to 5.2.1.4 the manufacturer shall select the type of steel, to be used so that the finished component, when suitably heat-treated conforms to the mechanical properties specified in this Part of EN 1677. 5.2.1.2 Type of steel The steel shall be produced by an electric process or by an oxygen blown process. 5.2.1.3 Deoxidation The steel shall be fully killed as defined in EN 10025: 1993, be stabilized against strain age embrittlement, and have an austenitic grain size of 5 or finer when tested in accordance with ISO 643. This shall be accomplished by ensuring that the steel contains sufficient aluminium (minimum 0,025 %) to permit the manufacture of components stabilized against strain age embrittlement during service. 5.2.1.4 Chemical composition The steel shall contain alloying elements in sufficient quantities so that the finished component, when heat treated in accordance with 5.2.2, not only conforms to the mechanical properties specified in this Part of

EN 1677, but also possesses adequate low temperature ductility in order to work satisfactorily in the temperature range -40 °C to 400 °C. The steel shall contain at least two of the three alloying elements, in the minimum percentages shown in

table 2. Table 2 — Chemical composition - Alloying elements Element Minimum mass content as determined by cast analysis %

Nickel 0,40 Chromium 0,40 Molybdenum 0,15
SIST EN 1677-1:2001+A1:2009

EN 1677-1:2000+A1:2008 (E) 8 The steel shall contain no more sulphur and phosphorous than the limits given in table 3. Table 3 — Sulfur and phosphorous content

Maximum mass content as determined by Element Cast analysis % Check analysis % Sulfur 0,025 0,030 Phosphorus 0,025 0,030

5.2.2 Heat treatment Each component shall be hardened from a temperature above the AC3 point and tempered before being subjected to the manufacturing proof force. The tempering temperature shall be a minimum of 400 °C.

The tempering conditions shall be at least as effective as a temperature of 400 °C maintained for a period of

1 h.

NOTE A method of verification is as follows. After the components have been reheated to and maintained for 1 h at 400 °C and then cooled to room temperature; they should conform in the finished condition to columns 3 and 4 of table 4. Surface hardening shall not be permitted for load bearing parts of the component.

5.3 Manufacturing methods and workmanship 5.3.1 Manufacture Each forged part of a component shall be forged hot in one piece. Excess metal from the forging operation shall be removed cleanly leaving the surface free from sharp edges. After heat-treatment, furnace scale shall be removed.

Edges of machined surfaces shall be rounded to eliminate cutting edges and to ensure attainment of mechanical properties of the component.

Welding shall not be used during the manufacture of components unless:

a) none of the parts to be welded are load bearing; or b) the area affected by the weld is not to be subjected to load under normal operating conditions or under any foreseeable misuse of the component, and the welding is completed before heat treatment. NOTE Care should be taken during welding to ensure that the mechanical properties of any load bearing parts of the finished component are not affected. All welds shall be smoothly finished. 5.3.2 Surface finish The ‘f

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