Building information models - Information delivery manual - Part 1: Methodology and format (ISO 29481-1:2016)

ISO 29481-1:2016 specifies
- a methodology that links the business processes undertaken during the construction of built facilities with the specification of information that is required by these processes, and
- a way to map and describe the information processes across the life cycle of construction works.
ISO 29481-1:2016 is intended to facilitate interoperability between software applications used during all stages of the life cycle of construction works, including briefing, design, documentation, construction, operation and maintenance, and demolition. It promotes digital collaboration between actors in the construction process and provides a basis for accurate, reliable, repeatable and high-quality information exchange.

Bauwerksinformationsmodelle - Handbuch der Informationslieferungen - Teil 1: Methodik und Format (ISO 29481-1:2016)

Modèles des informations de la construction - Protocole d’échange d’informations - Partie 1: Méthodologie et format (ISO 29481-1:2016)

L'ISO 29481-1:2016 spécifie:
- une méthodologie qui relie les processus métier employés pendant la construction d'installations à la spécification des informations requises par ces processus; et
- un moyen de cartographier et de décrire les processus d'information sur tout le cycle de vie des travaux de construction.
L'ISO 29481-1:2016 est destinée à faciliter l'interopérabilité entre les applications logicielles utilisées à toutes les étapes du cycle de vie des travaux de construction, dont la préparation, la conception, la documentation, la construction, l'exploitation et la maintenance, ainsi que la déconstruction. Elle promeut la collaboration numérique entre les acteurs du processus de construction et donne une base pour un échange d'informations précis, fiable, répétable et de haute qualité.

Informacijski modeli stavb - Priročnik z informacijami - 1. del: Metodologija in oblika (ISO 29481-1:2016)

Standard ISO 29481-1:2016 določa:
– metodologijo, ki povezuje poslovne postopke, izvedene med gradnjo obratov, z navedbo informacij, ki jo ti postopki zahtevajo, in
– način za povezovanje in opisovanje informacijskih postopkov prek celotnega izvajanja gradbenih del.
Namen standarda ISO 29481-1:2016 je poenostaviti interoperabilnost med programskimi aplikacijami, ki se uporabljajo v vseh fazah gradbenih del, vključno s poročanjem, načrtovanjem, dokumentiranjem, gradnjo, upravljanjem in vzdrževanjem ter rušenjem. Spodbuja digitalno sodelovanje med udeleženci v gradbenem postopku ter zagotavlja podlago za natančno, zanesljivo, ponovljivo in visokokakovostno izmenjavo informacij.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
10-Oct-2017
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
11-Oct-2017
Completion Date
11-Oct-2017

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 29481-1:2017
01-december-2017
,QIRUPDFLMVNLPRGHOLVWDYE3ULURþQLN]LQIRUPDFLMDPLGHO0HWRGRORJLMDLQ
REOLND ,62

Building information models - Information delivery manual - Part 1: Methodology and

format (ISO 29481-1:2016)

Bauwerks-Informations-Modelle - Informations-Lieferungs-Handbuch - Teil 1: Methodik

und Format (ISO 29481-1:2016)
Modèles des informations de la construction - Contrat d'interchange - Partie 1:
Méthodologie et format (ISO 29481-1:2016)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 29481-1:2017
ICS:
35.240.67 Uporabniške rešitve IT v IT applications in building
gradbeništvu and construction industry
91.010.01 Gradbeništvo na splošno Construction industry in
general
SIST EN ISO 29481-1:2017 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 29481-1:2017
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SIST EN ISO 29481-1:2017
EN ISO 29481-1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
October 2017
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 91.010.01
English Version
Building information models - Information delivery
manual - Part 1: Methodology and format (ISO 29481-
1:2016)

Modèles des informations de la construction - Bauwerks-Informations-Modelle - Informations-

Protocole d'échange d'informations - Partie 1: Lieferungs-Handbuch - Teil 1: Methodik und Format

Méthodologie et format (ISO 29481-1:2016) (ISO 29481-1:2016)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 24 February 2017.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2017 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 29481-1:2017 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 29481-1:2017
EN ISO 29481-1:2017 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST EN ISO 29481-1:2017
EN ISO 29481-1:2017 (E)
European foreword

The text of ISO 29481-1:2016 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 59 “Buildings and

civil engineering works” of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and has been taken

over as EN ISO 29481-1:2017 by Technical Committee CEN/TC 442 “Building Information Modelling

(BIM)” the secretariat of which is held by SN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by April 2018, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by April 2018.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 29481-1:2016 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 29481-1:2017 without any

modification.
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SIST EN ISO 29481-1:2017
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SIST EN ISO 29481-1:2017
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 29481-1
Second edition
2016-05-01
Building information models —
Information delivery manual —
Part 1:
Methodology and format
Modèles des informations de la construction — Contrat
d’interchange —
Partie 1: Méthodologie et format
Reference number
ISO 29481-1:2016(E)
ISO 2016
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SIST EN ISO 29481-1:2017
ISO 29481-1:2016(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2016, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

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Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 29481-1:2017
ISO 29481-1:2016(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Information delivery manual .................................................................................................................................................................. 3

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2 Users of this part of ISO 29481 ................................................................................................................................................. 3

4.3 Business context .................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.4 Complete schema .................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

4.5 Breaking a complete schema to support requirements....................................................................................... 5

4.6 Supporting the building information modelling process ................................................................................... 5

4.7 Supporting the business process ............................................................................................................................................ 5

4.8 Supporting the software solution ........................................................................................................................................... 6

4.9 Content in the specific IDM .......................................................................................................................................................... 6

5 IDM Framework ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.2 Basic framework .................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.2.2 IDM component header information .................. ............................................................................................ 8

5.2.3 IDM component overview........................................................................................................................................ 9

5.3 Interaction map/transaction map .......................................................................................................................................... 9

5.4 Process maps ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

5.5 Exchange requirements ................................................................................................................................................................10

5.5.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................10

5.5.2 Information units .........................................................................................................................................................10

5.5.3 Information constraints ..........................................................................................................................................10

5.6 Technical implementation ..........................................................................................................................................................11

5.6.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................11

5.6.2 Implementation of metadata ..............................................................................................................................11

5.6.3 Interaction framework ............................................................................................................................................11

5.6.4 Model view definition (MVD) ............................................................................................................................11

Annex A (informative) IDM development process ...............................................................................................................................13

Annex B (informative) Examples of simplified IDM components ........................................................................................17

Annex C (informative) Reference life cycle stages ...............................................................................................................................22

Annex D (informative) IDM use of BPMN methods .............................................................................................................................24

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................29

© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 29481-1:2017
ISO 29481-1:2016(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical

Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 59, Buildings and civil engineering works,

Subcommittee SC 13, Organization of information about construction works.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 29481-1:2010), which has been technically

revised.

ISO 29481 consists of the following parts, under the general title Building information models —

Information delivery manual:
— Part 1: Methodology and format
— Part 2: Interaction framework
iv © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 29481-1:2017
ISO 29481-1:2016(E)
Introduction

This International Standard has undergone a major review in the light of refined approaches to the

development of information delivery manuals and their technical implementation in software readable

forms. It is important to note that these changes do not render existing information delivery manuals

(IDM) invalid.

Building information modelling provides a digital technology for describing and displaying information

required in the planning, design, construction and operation of constructed facilities. Increasingly,

this modelling approach is expanding to encompass all aspects of the built environment, including civil

infrastructure, utilities and public space. These are collectively referred to as construction processes.

This approach to managing information brings together the diverse sets of information used during

the life cycle of the built environment into a common information environment, reducing, and often

eliminating the need for the many types of paper documentation currently in use.

This approach is commonly referred to as building information modelling (BIM; reflecting its initial

application in the architectural domain), while the same acronym is used to refer to the product of the

process, the information model itself, or building information model (BIM).

Though the focus of construction processes described above is on the physical fabric of the built

environment, BIM technology can also benefit the processes associated with managing the use of

space within buildings, urban neighbourhoods and cities at the broader scale, as well as infrastructure

networks and facilities. These are referred to here as use cases.

An IDM provides help in getting the full benefit from a BIM. If the required information is available in

the BIM to support a construction process or use case, and the quality of information is satisfactory,

then the process itself will be greatly improved.

For this to happen, there needs to be a common understanding of the processes involved across the

entire life cycle development of a built environment project, including the information that is required

for and results from the execution of that process. This applies to any activity that results in an

exchange of information and may not relate directly to a BIM, e.g. the process to arrive at a work plan or

contractual agreement.

This part of ISO 29481 sets out a methodology for the provision of an integrated reference document

that describes the processes and data required in the development or management of a constructed

facility. It describes how to identify and describe the processes undertaken within that context, the

information required for their execution and the results. This part of ISO 29481 also describes in

general terms how this information can be further detailed to support solutions provided by software

developers, enabling its reuse, and configured to meet national, local and project needs.

In summary, this part of ISO 29481 provides a basis for reliable information exchange/sharing for users

so that they can be confident that the information they are receiving is accurate and sufficient for the

activities they need to perform. The development of this part of ISO 29481 has been driven by the need

of users for reliability in information exchange.
© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 29481-1:2017
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 29481-1:2016(E)
Building information models — Information delivery
manual —
Part 1:
Methodology and format
1 Scope
This part of ISO 29481 specifies

— a methodology that links the business processes undertaken during the construction of built

facilities with the specification of information that is required by these processes, and

— a way to map and describe the information processes across the life cycle of construction works.

This part of ISO 29481 is intended to facilitate interoperability between software applications used

during all stages of the life cycle of construction works, including briefing, design, documentation,

construction, operation and maintenance, and demolition. It promotes digital collaboration between

actors in the construction process and provides a basis for accurate, reliable, repeatable and high-

quality information exchange.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 6707-1, Buildings and civil engineering works — Vocabulary — Part 1: General terms

3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 6707-1 and the following apply.

3.1
actor

person, organization or organizational unit (such as a department, team, etc.) involved in a

construction process
3.2
building information modelling
BIM

use of a shared digital representation of a built object (including buildings, bridges, roads, process

plants, etc.) to facilitate design, construction and operation processes to form a reliable basis for

decisions

Note 1 to entry: The acronym BIM also stands for the shared digital representation of the physical and functional

characteristics of any construction works.
3.3
BIM software application

software application that is used to create, modify, analyze, manage, publish, share, expire, or otherwise

manipulate elements of a BIM
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SIST EN ISO 29481-1:2017
ISO 29481-1:2016(E)
3.4
business requirement

requirement that describes in business terms what needs to be delivered or accomplished

3.5
information constraint

statement that formally defines or constrains the scope of a piece of information due to some aspect of

the business, a rule under which an organisation operates or a policy or decision that influences a process

3.6
class
type or collection of things that share common attributes
3.7
construction works
everything that is constructed or results from construction operations
[SOURCE: ISO 6707-1:2014, 3.1.1]

Note 1 to entry: This can refer to a building, piece of civil infrastructure (road, bridge, pipeline, etc.) or a

landscape element and is extended to include aggregations of those elements to form an urban precinct, campus,

or other institutional facility.
3.8
construction process
process that uses construction resources to achieve construction results

Note 1 to entry: Each construction process can be split up into its component processes.

3.9
exchange requirement

defined set of information units that needs to be exchanged to support a particular business requirement

at a particular process phase (or phases)/stage (or stages)
3.10
information delivery manual
IDM

documentation which captures the business process and gives detailed specifications of the information

that a user fulfilling a particular role would need to provide at a particular point within a project

Note 1 to entry: This can be referred to as an information delivery specification (IDS).

3.11
IDM components

basic elements that form an IDM: interaction maps/transaction maps, process maps and exchange

requirements
3.12
information unit
individual information item, such as a window identifier or a room depth
3.13
interaction map
representation of the roles and transactions relevant for a defined purpose
3.14
interaction framework

formal description of the elements of interaction, including definition of roles, transactions, messages

in transaction, and data elements in messages
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SIST EN ISO 29481-1:2017
ISO 29481-1:2016(E)
3.15
model

representation of a system that allows for investigation of the properties of the system

3.16
model view definition
MVD

computer-interpretable definition of an exchange requirement, specifically bound to one or more

particular standard information schemas

Note 1 to entry: A model view definition (MVD) is also referred to as a view definition, a subset (of a schema) and

a conformance class (CC) especially in ISO 10303.
3.17
object
part of the perceivable or conceivable world

Note 1 to entry: An object is something mental or physical toward which thought, feeling, or action is directed.

3.18
process map

representation of the relevant characteristics of a process associated with a defined business purpose

3.19
role
functions being performed by an actor at a point in time

Note 1 to entry: The role of an actor is determined by action and outcome and not necessarily by the profession

or trade followed by the actor.
3.20
transaction
communication event that fulfils a relationship between two roles
3.21
transaction map

representation of a set of messages that are exchanged between participating roles for a particular

purpose
4 Information delivery manual
4.1 General

This Clause describes a series of concepts and principles that inform the development of an IDM.

4.2 Users of this part of ISO 29481

The main users are expected to be the IDM developers who create interaction maps, process maps,

exchange requirements and information constraints using knowledge elicited from end users and

solution providers.

In addition, some users of specific IDMs might identify needs for new IDMs and thus become users of

this part of ISO 29481. These users include the following:
— professional IDM-developers and solution providers;

— information users, i.e. executive users and end users concerned with producing the content of the

IDMs and benefiting from the result.
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SIST EN ISO 29481-1:2017
ISO 29481-1:2016(E)

Another group of users will be those who use the documentation that results from the use of the

standard, taking note of the business process and detailed specifications of the information that a

user fulfilling a particular role would need to provide at a particular point within a project. Such users

include the following:

— project manager, responsible for organizing the business process and ensuring that the information

exchange is appropriately managed;

— BIM manager, making the necessary arrangements to support an exchange requirement;

— client, who initiates (develops) and includes an IDM in the contract;

— contractor/consultant, using the IDM to make the necessary arrangements to comply with the

required business process and to comply with the required information delivery;

— business manager, using an IDM as a template or standard to be applied in many projects within its

organization;

— construction organization, using an IDM for a specific project type as a template or standard to be

applied in the sector.
4.3 Business context

Figure 1 shows an example of a business context that requires an IDM: a client (Role 1) engages

a consultant (Role 2) to deliver some service. In such a scenario, there is a need to understand and

formalize both the collaborative and contractual aspects of their relationship and how information will

be delivered within that context. The IDM describes the information requirements associated with all

the transactions (both ways) associated with that relationship. Some of that information will be held

within a BIM, while other may originate from either party or from an external source.

Figure 1 — Example of a simple business context requiring an IDM

The first step in developing an IDM is to consider the nature or context of the information exchange.

There are two ways of looking at that, each with an associated methodology.

— Process maps are most useful when the focus is on the business processes (defined by activities

executed by actors with roles) that need to be followed to deliver a service or produce an end

product (such as a design). In this case, the information that is the focus of the IDM is associated

with a business requirement.
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SIST EN ISO 29481-1:2017
ISO 29481-1:2016(E)

— Interaction maps/transaction maps are most useful within a business process when the focus is on

the interactions between actors with roles who are to deliver a service or product and the concern

is to ensure that agreed communication protocols are in place to ensure that the project goals are

achieved. In this case, the information that is the focus of the IDM is associated with a transaction.

These are complementary approaches and are explained in further detail in later sections. Within a

given business context, it may be appropriate to use both methodologies: process mapping can be used

to clarify the details of a transaction identified in an interaction mapping exercise, while an interaction

map can be used to rigorously understand an information transaction defined in a process map.

4.4 Complete schema

Where the information requirements are satisfied by a BIM, a complete information schema that covers

all of the information required for all actors throughout the construction process will be large and

comprehensive. Such a schema is relevant in defining all of the project information needs for all business

processes at all life cycle stages, but it is not the way that project information is usually delivered.

4.5 Breaking a complete schema to support requirements

It is more usual for information to be exchanged about a particular topic and the level of detail provided

to be driven by the life cycle stage. This may be a single business process at a specific point in the

project life cycle, but commonly consists of information units that may be relevant to more than one

life cycle stage or business processes. This is commonly
...

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