Electronic fee collection - Interoperability application profile for DSRC

The scope for this European Standard is limited to:
-   payment method: Central account based on EFC-DSRC;
-   physical systems: OBU, RSE and the DSRC interface between them (all functions and information flows related to these parts);
-   DSRC-link requirements;
-   EFC transactions over the DSRC interface;
-   data elements to be used by OBU and RSE used in EFC-DSRC transactions;
-   security mechanisms for OBU and RSE used in EFC-DSRC transactions.
The scope of this European Standard is illustrated in Figure 1.
It is outside the scope of this European Standard to define:
-   contractual and procedural interoperability requirements (including issues related to a Memorandum of Understanding, MoU);
-   conformance procedures and test specification (this is provided in a separate set of standards);
-   setting-up of operating organizations (e.g. toll charger, toll service provider, trusted third party, etc.);
-   legal issues;
-   other payment methods in DSRC-based EFC (e.g. on-board accounts using integrated circuit cards);
-   other basic technologies (e.g. GNSS/CN or video registration based EFC). However, this European Standard may be used for defining the DSRC-EFC parts for the use in applications that implement a mix of different technologies;
-   non-EFC transactions over the DSRC interface (e.g. CCC and LAC communication, which is defined in other standards);
-   other interfaces or functions in EFC-systems than those specified above (i.e. information flows and data exchange between operators or personalization, initialization and customization of the OBU).
Some of these issues are subject to separate standards prepared by CEN/TC 278, ISO/TC 204 or ETSI ERM.
Figure 2 shows the scope of this European Standard from a DSRC-stack perspective.

Elektronische Gebührenerhebung - Anwendungsprofil für DSRC Interoperabilität

Perception de télépéage - Profil d'application d'interopérabilité pour DSRC

Le domaine d’application de la présente Norme européenne est limité :
—   au mode de paiement : compte centralisé basé sur l’EFC-DSRC ;
—   aux systèmes physiques : OBU, RSE et l’interface DSRC qui les relie (toutes les fonctions et les flux des informations relatifs à ces parties) ;
—   aux exigences de liaison DSRC ;
—   aux transactions EFC via l’interface DSRC ;
—   aux éléments de données à utiliser par l’OBU et le RSE utilisés dans les transactions EFC-DSRC ;
—   aux mécanismes de sécurité pour l’OBU et le RSE utilisés dans les transactions EFC-DSRC.
Le domaine d'application de cette Norme européenne est illustré à la Figure 1.
La définition des points suivants est exclue du domaine d’application de la présente Norme européenne :
—   les exigences d’interopérabilité contractuelle et procédurale (y compris les questions relatives à un mémorandum d’accord, MoU) ;
—   les procédures de conformité et les spécifications d’essais (elles sont fournies dans un ensemble de normes distinct) ;
—   la mise en place d’organismes opérationnels (par exemple, opérateur de compensation, émission, tiers de confiance, etc.) ;
—   les questions légales ;
—   les autres modes de paiement EFC reposant sur des DSRC (par exemple, comptes embarqués basés sur des cartes à puce) ;
—   les autres technologies de base (par exemple, GNSS/CN ou EFC basée sur l’enregistrement vidéo). La présente Norme européenne peut cependant servir à définir les parties DSRC-EFC destinées à être utilisées dans des applications qui mettent en œuvre une combinaison de différentes technologies ;
—   les autres modes de paiement EFC reposant sur des DSRC (par exemple, comptes embarqués basés sur des cartes à puce) ;
—   des interfaces ou fonctions, incluses dans des installations EFC, autres que celles spécifiées ci-dessus (c’est-à-dire flux des informations et échanges de données entre opérateurs ou personnalisation, initialisation et adaptation de l’OBU).
Certaines de ces questions font l’objet de normes distinctes élaborées par le CEN/TC 278, l’ISO/TC 204 ou l’ETSI ERM.
La Figure 2 illustre le domaine d'application de la présente Norme européenne du point de vue de pile de protocoles DSRC.

Elektronsko pobiranje pristojbin - Interoperabilnost profila aplikacije za DSRC

Področje uporabe tega evropskega standarda zajema le
– plačilno metodo: centralni obračun, ki temelji na posebni komunikaciji kratkega dosega za elektronsko pobiranje pristojbin (EFC-DSRC),
– fizične sisteme: OBU, RSE in vmesnik DSRC med njima (vse funkcije in informacijski tokovi, povezani s temi deli),
– zahteve za povezavo DSRC,
– transakcije EFC nad vmesnikom DSRC,
– podatkovne elemente, ki jih uporabljata sistema OBU in RSE, ki se uporabljata pri transakcijah EFC-DSRC,
– varnostne mehanizme za sistema OBU in RSE, ki se uporabljata pri transakcijah EFC-DSRC.
Področje uporabe tega evropskega standarda je prikazano na sliki 1.
Področje uporabe tega evropskega standarda ne zajema določanja
– pogodbenih in postopkovnih zahtev za medobratovalnost (vključno z vprašanji, povezanimi z memorandumom o soglasju),
– postopkov za skladnost in specifikacije preskusa (to zagotavlja ločen sklop standardov),
– vzpostavljanja obratovalnih organizacij (npr. upravljavec za poravnavo, izdajanje, zaupanja vredna tretja oseba itd.),
– pravnih vprašanj,
– drugih plačilnih metod pri elektronskem pobiranju pristojbin na podlagi DSRC (npr. obračuni pristojbin s karticami z integriranim vezjem),
– drugih osnovnih tehnologij (npr. GNSS/CN ali elektronsko pobiranje pristojbin na podlagi videobeleženja). Vendar se lahko ta evropski standard uporabi za določanje delov DSRC-EFC za uporabo v aplikacijah, v okviru katerih se izvaja skupek različnih tehnologij,
– vmesnikov ali funkcij v sistemih elektronskega pobiranja pristojbin, ki niso opredeljeni zgoraj (tj. informacijski tokovi in izmenjava podatkov med upravljavci ali personalizacija, inicializacija ter prilagoditev OBU).
Nekatera od teh vprašanj so obravnavana v ločenih standardih, ki jih je pripravil tehnični odbor CEN/TC 278, ISO/TC 204 ali ETSI ERM.
Slika 2 prikazuje področje uporabe tega evropskega standarda z vidika DSRC.
Ta evropski standard določa profil aplikacije na podlagi koncepta ISP. Osnovni standardi, na katerih temelji ta profil aplikacije, so
– EN ISO 14906 o definiciji vmesnika aplikacije elektronskega pobiranja pristojbin za DSRC (to vključuje posredna sklicevanja na standard EN ISO 14816 o strukturah oštevilčenja in podatkov),
– EN 12834: o aplikacijski plasti DSRC (L7),
– EN 13372 o profilih DSRC (to vključuje posredna sklicevanja na standarde DSRC L1, L2 in L7: EN 12253, EN 12795 in EN 12834).
Povezava in reference med osnovnimi standardi in standardom EN 15509 so prikazani na sliki 3.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
02-Sep-2014
Current Stage
9092 - Decision on results of review/2YR ENQ - revise - Review Enquiry
Due Date
02-Dec-2019
Completion Date
19-Apr-2020

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 15509:2014
01-december-2014
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 15509:2008
Elektronsko pobiranje pristojbin - Interoperabilnost profila aplikacije za DSRC
Electronic fee collection - Interoperability application profile for DSRC
Elektronische Gebührenerhebung - Interoperable Anwendungsprofile für DSRC
Perception de télépéage - Profil d'application d'interopérabilité pour DSRC
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 15509:2014
ICS:
03.220.20 Cestni transport Road transport
35.240.60 Uporabniške rešitve IT v IT applications in transport
prometu
SIST EN 15509:2014 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 15509:2014
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SIST EN 15509:2014
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 15509
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
September 2014
ICS 35.240.60 Supersedes EN 15509:2007
English Version
Electronic fee collection - Interoperability application profile for
DSRC

Perception de télépéage - Profil d'application Elektronische Gebührenerhebung - Anwendungsprofil für

d'interopérabilité pour DSRC DSRC Interoperabilität
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 18 July 2014.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same

status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United

Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2014 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 15509:2014 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 15509:2014
EN 15509:2014 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................5

Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................7

1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................9

2 Normative references ......................................................................................................................... 11

3 Terms and definitions ........................................................................................................................ 11

4 Symbols and abbreviations ............................................................................................................... 14

5 Conformance ....................................................................................................................................... 16

5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 16

5.2 Base standards ................................................................................................................................... 16

5.3 Main contents of an EFC-DSRC-IAP ................................................................................................. 17

5.4 Conformance requirements ............................................................................................................... 18

5.5 Conformation notification .................................................................................................................. 18

5.6 Conformance evaluation and testing................................................................................................ 18

5.7 Multiple IAPs ....................................................................................................................................... 18

6 Requirements for EFC-DSRC-IAP 1 .................................................................................................. 18

6.1 OBU requirements .............................................................................................................................. 18

6.1.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 18

6.1.2 DSRC requirements ............................................................................................................................ 18

6.1.3 DSRC L7 and EFC functions .............................................................................................................. 19

6.1.4 Data requirements .............................................................................................................................. 19

6.1.5 Security requirements ........................................................................................................................ 21

6.1.6 Transaction requirements .................................................................................................................. 22

6.2 RSE requirements ............................................................................................................................... 22

6.2.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 22

6.2.2 DSRC requirements ............................................................................................................................ 22

6.2.3 DSRC L7 and EFC functions .............................................................................................................. 22

6.2.4 Data requirements .............................................................................................................................. 23

6.2.5 Security requirements ........................................................................................................................ 23

6.2.6 Transaction requirements .................................................................................................................. 24

Annex A (normative) Data specification ........................................................................................................ 25

Annex B (normative) Security calculations ................................................................................................... 29

B.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 29

B.2 Attribute authenticator ....................................................................................................................... 29

B.2.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 29

B.2.2 Authenticator using the attribute Payment Means .......................................................................... 30

B.3 Access Credentials ............................................................................................................................. 32

B.3.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 32

B.3.2 The principle of Access Credentials ................................................................................................. 32

B.3.3 Calculation of Access Credentials .................................................................................................... 33

B.4 Key derivation ..................................................................................................................................... 34

B.4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 34

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SIST EN 15509:2014
EN 15509:2014 (E)

B.4.2 Calculation of derived Authentication Key ....................................................................................... 34

B.4.3 Calculation of the Access Key ........................................................................................................... 34

B.5 Transaction Counter ........................................................................................................................... 35

Annex C (normative) Implementation conformance statement proforma .................................................. 36

C.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 36

C.2 Guidance for completing the ICS proforma ...................................................................................... 36

C.2.1 Purposes and structure ...................................................................................................................... 36

C.2.2 Abbreviations and conventions ......................................................................................................... 36

C.3 Instructions for completing the ICS proforma.................................................................................. 38

C.4 ICS proforma for OBU ......................................................................................................................... 38

C.4.1 Identification implementation ............................................................................................................ 38

C.4.2 Identification of the standard ............................................................................................................. 39

C.4.3 Global statement of conformance ..................................................................................................... 39

C.4.4 ICS proforma for OBU ......................................................................................................................... 39

C.4.5 Profile requirements list for OBU ...................................................................................................... 41

C.5 ICS proforma for RSE .......................................................................................................................... 45

C.5.1 Identification implementation ............................................................................................................ 45

C.5.2 Identification of the standard ............................................................................................................. 45

C.5.3 Global statement of conformance ..................................................................................................... 45

C.5.4 ICS proforma for RSE .......................................................................................................................... 45

C.5.5 Profile requirements list for RSE ....................................................................................................... 48

Annex D (informative) IAP taxonomy and numbering ................................................................................... 52

D.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 52

D.2 Contents of an Interoperable Application Profile (IAP) ................................................................... 52

D.3 IAP referencing and numbering ......................................................................................................... 53

D.3.1 IAP numbering ..................................................................................................................................... 53

D.3.2 Security levels numbering .................................................................................................................. 53

D.3.3 Numbering and referencing examples .............................................................................................. 53

Annex E (informative) Security computation examples ................................................................................ 54

E.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 54

E.2 Computation of Attribute Authenticator ........................................................................................... 54

E.3 Computation of Access Credentials .................................................................................................. 55

E.4 Key derivation ...................................................................................................................................... 55

E.4.1 Authenticator Key ................................................................................................................................ 55

E.4.2 Access Credentials Key ...................................................................................................................... 56

Annex F (informative) Security Considerations ............................................................................................. 57

Annex G (informative) Interlayer management .............................................................................................. 58

G.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 58

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SIST EN 15509:2014
EN 15509:2014 (E)

G.2 RSE Inter Layer Management guidelines ......................................................................................... 58

G.3 OBU Inter Layer Management guidelines ........................................................................................ 58

G.4 State Transition Tables ...................................................................................................................... 58

Annex H (informative) Mounting guidelines for the OBU ............................................................................. 64

H.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 64

H.2 OBU mounting position ..................................................................................................................... 64

Annex I (informative) Use of this standard for the EETS ............................................................................. 67

I.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 67

I.2 Overall relationship between European standardization and the EETS ....................................... 67

I.3 European standardisation work supporting the EETS ................................................................... 67

I.4 Correspondence between this standard and the EETS .................................................................. 68

Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 69

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SIST EN 15509:2014
EN 15509:2014 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN 15509:2014) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 278 “Intelligent

transport systems”, the secretariat of which is held by NEN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by March 2015 and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at

the latest by March 2015.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 15509:2007.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association.

This second edition of EN 15509 incorporates the following main modifications compared to the previous one:

— amendment of terms, in order to reflect harmonization of terms across electronic fee collection (EFC)

standards;
— addition of a new clause (i.e. Clause 5) on conformance;

— amendment of the definition of vehicle licence plate number (size constraints and clarification that only

Latin alphabet coding is supported)

— revision of the informative annex on security considerations (i.e. Annex F), and reference to

CEN/TS 16439 on Electronic fee collection – Security framework;

— addition of a new informative annex (i.e. Annex I) on how to use this standard for the European electronic

toll service;

— deletion of informative Annex H, part of the first edition, on Vehicle classification data, as it was deemed

obsolete in view of EN ISO 14906:2011;

— deletion of informative Annex I, part of the first edition, on Using this European Standard for other DSRC-

based transactions, as it was deemed obsolete in view of CEN ISO/TS 12813 and CEN ISO/TS 13141;

— amendments to reflect changes to the underlying base standards, with emphasis on backward

compatibility with the first edition of this standard.

For the revision of this European Standard, the following principles have been used:

— take into account the evolution of some of the underlying standards and technical specifications, i.e.

EN ISO 14906:2011, CEN/TS 16439, ISO/IEC 9797-1;
— maintain compatibility with the previous edition of this European Standard.

This European Standard defines an Application Profile based on a set of base standards according to the

concept of "International Standardised Profiles (ISP)" as defined in ISO/IEC/TR 10000-1. The objective is to

support technical interoperability between EFC DSRC-based systems in Europe. The principles of Application

Profiling and relations to underlying base standards are defined in the Introduction.

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SIST EN 15509:2014
EN 15509:2014 (E)

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece,

Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

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SIST EN 15509:2014
EN 15509:2014 (E)
Introduction

CEN/TC 278 has produced a set of standards that supports interoperable electronic fee collection (EFC)

dedicated short-range communication (DSRC)-based systems (e.g. EN ISO 14906, a “toolbox” for defining

EFC-application transactions). However, these standards are necessary but not sufficient to ensure technical

interoperability between DSRC-EFC-systems. This European Standard provides for a coherent set of

requirements of the EFC-application and that is intended to serve as a common technical platform for EFC-

interoperability.

This European Standard defines an Interoperable Application Profile for DSRC-EFC transactions. The main

objective is to support technical interoperability between EFC-systems within the scope of this European

Standard (as defined in Clause 1 below). A basic description of the EFC-service and an EFC System can be

found in ISO 17573.

This European Standard only defines a basic level of technical interoperability for EFC equipment, i.e. on-

board unit (OBU) and roadside equipment (RSE) using DSRC. It does not provide a full solution for

interoperability, and it does not define other parts of the EFC-system, other services, other technologies and

non-technical elements of interoperability.

The elaboration of this European Standard is based on the experiences from a vast number of

implementations and projects throughout Europe. The standard makes use of the results from European

projects such as CARDME, PISTA and CESARE, as they represent the fruit of European EFC harmonization

and have been used as the basis for several national implementations.

The development of a common European Electronic Toll Service (EETS) as a part of the European Directive

(2004/52/EC) also calls for the definition of an interoperable EFC-service. This European Standard provides

for effective support for the work on the definition of EETS. After publication of EN 15509:2007 an EC-decision

(2009/750/EC) on the EETS was adopted, that notes the first edition of this standard (EN 15509:2007) as a

mandatory technical reference for the EETS. This has been fully maintained in this second edition of

EN 15509.

Although there already are numerous existing base standards and specifications, there are specific needs that

motivate this Interoperable Application Profile standard:

— Definition of the necessary and sufficient EFC-DSRC requirements to support technical interoperability;

— Provision of a crucial part of the EETS and hence support for the European Directive (2004/52/EC), the

European Commission Decision (2009/750/EC of October 2009) on the definition of the European

Electronic Toll Service and its technical elements complemented by the Guide for the application of the

directive on the interoperability of electronic road toll systems;

— CARDME/PISTA/CESARE dialects are used in many countries but they need to converge, as the present

situation is not cost effective;
— Needed additional DSRC-requirements are made;
— Choice of data elements including vehicle data;

— Extended definition of the use of some data elements, including semantics and coding;

— Clear choices for security implementation;

— It facilitates a complementing test specification (with clear relations between the conformance

requirements and evaluation tests);
— Good support for procurements.
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SIST EN 15509:2014
EN 15509:2014 (E)

The Application Profile is described using the concept of "International Standardised Profiles (ISP)" as defined

in ISO/IEC/TR 10000-1. The ISP-concept is specifically suited for defining interoperability specifications where

a set of base standards can be used in different ways. This is exactly the case in EFC, where a set of base

standards allows for different choices that are not interoperable.
The principles of the ISP-concept can be summarized as follows:
— An ISP shall make references only to base standards or other ISPs;

— The profile shall restrict the choice of base standard options to the extent necessary to maximize the

probability of interoperability (e.g. chosen classes, conforming subsets, options and parameter values of

base standards);

— The ISP shall not copy content of the base standards (in order to avoid consistency problems with the

base standards);

— The profile shall not specify any requirements that would contradict or cause non-conformance to the

base standards;

— The profile may contain conformance requirements that are more specific and limited in scope than those

of the base standards;

— Conformance to a profile implies by definition conformance to a set of base standards, whereas

conformance to that set of base standards does not necessarily imply conformance to the profile.

The use of the Application Profiling concept also provides for a flexible framework towards adoption, migration

and use of this European Standard. Toll Chargers, Toll Service Providers and Manufacturers may use this

Application Profile as a basis for interoperable use of their equipment, without having to disturb or otherwise

affect any EFC-system used locally.

The general requirements of the Interoperable Application Profile are set out in Clause 5, whilst the specific

conformance requirements are given in Clause 6. To facilitate easy referencing, testing and look-up, these

specific requirements are divided into two parts; On-Board Unit (OBU) requirements and Roadside Equipment

(RSE) requirements.

In addition this European Standard also includes various annexes that provide further detailed specifications

as well as background, motivation and examples for the conformance requirements. The intention is that

these enhance readability and understanding of this European Standard.

The base standard EN ISO 14906:2011 has been the subject of a revision. The revision of EN 15509 takes

into account the revision introduced in this base standard.

This European Standard is complemented by a set of standards defining Conformity Evaluation of the

Conformance Requirements.

EN 15876 defines how to evaluate on-board and roadside equipment for conformity to EN 15509 (this

European Standard). EN 15876 consists of the following parts, under the general title "Electronic fee

collection — Evaluation of on-board and roadside equipment for conformity to EN 15509":

— Part 1: Test suite structure and test purposes;
— Part 2: Abstract test suite.

NOTE EN 15786-1 and EN 15786-2 will be subject to revision to accommodate the changes introduced in this

second edition of EN 15509.
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SIST EN 15509:2014
EN 15509:2014 (E)
1 Scope
The scope for this European Standard is limited to:
— payment method: Central account based on EFC-DSRC;

— physical systems: OBU, RSE and the DSRC interface between them (all functions and information flows

related to these parts);
— DSRC-link requirements;
— EFC transactions over the DSRC interface;
— data elements to be used by OBU and RSE used in EFC-DSRC transactions;
— security mechanisms for OBU and RSE used in EFC-DSRC transactions.
The scope of this European Standard is illustrated in Figure 1.

Figure 1 — Scope for this European Standard (within the box delimited with a dotted line)

It is outside the scope of this European Standard to define:

— contractual and procedural interoperability requirements (including issues related to a Memorandum of

Understanding, MoU);

— conformance procedures and test specification (this is provided in a separate set of standards);

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SIST EN 15509:2014
EN 15509:2014 (E)

— setting-up of operating organizations (e.g. toll charger, toll service provider, trusted third party, etc.);

— legal issues;

— other payment methods in DSRC-based EFC (e.g. on-board accounts using integrated circuit cards);

— other basic technologies (e.g. GNSS/CN or video registration based EFC). However, this European

Standard may be used for defining the DSRC-EFC parts for the use in applications that implement a mix

of different technologies;

— non-EFC transactions over the DSRC interface (e.g. CCC and LAC communication, which is defined in

other standards);

— other interfaces or functions in EFC-systems than those specified above (i.e. information flows and data

exchange between operators or personalization, initialization and customization of the OBU).

Some of these issues are subject to separate standards prepared by CEN/TC 278, ISO/TC 204 or ETSI ERM.

Figure 2 shows the scope of this European Standard from a DSRC-stack perspective.

Figure 2 — Relationship between this European Standard and DSRC-stack elements
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SIST EN 15509:2014
EN 15509:2014 (E)
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references,

the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 12834:2003, Road transport and traffic telematics - Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) -

DSRC application layer

EN 13372:2004, Road Transport and Traffic Telematics (RTTT) - Dedicated short-range communication -

Profiles for RTTT applications

EN ISO 14906:2011, Electronic fee collection - Application interface definition for dedicated short-range

communication (ISO 14906:2011)

ETSI/TS 102 486-1-1 V1.1.1 (2006-03), Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM);

Road Transport and Traffic Telematics (RTTT); Test specifications for Dedicated Short Range Communication

(DSRC) transmission equipment; Part 1: DSRC data li
...

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Elektronsko pobiranje pristojbin - Medobratovalnost profila aplikacije za DSRCElektronische Gebührenerhebung - Interoperable Anwendungsprofile für DSRCPerception de télépéage - Profil d'application d'interopérabilité pour DSRCElectronic fee collection - Interoperability application profile for DSRC35.240.60Uporabniške rešitve IT v transportu in trgoviniIT applications in transport and trade03.220.20Cestni transportRoad transportICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 15509:2014SIST EN 15509:2014en,fr,de01-december-2014SIST EN 15509:2014SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 15509:20081DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 15509:2014
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 15509
September 2014 ICS 35.240.60 Supersedes EN 15509:2007English Version
Electronic fee collection - Interoperability application profile for DSRC
Perception de télépéage - Profil d'application d'interopérabilité pour DSRC

Elektronische Gebührenerhebung - Anwendungsprofil für DSRC Interoperabilität This European Standard was approved by CEN on 18 July 2014.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2014 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 15509:2014 ESIST EN 15509:2014

EN 15509:2014 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................5 Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................7 1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................9 2 Normative references ......................................................................................................................... 11 3 Terms and definitions ........................................................................................................................ 11 4 Symbols and abbreviations ............................................................................................................... 14 5 Conformance ....................................................................................................................................... 16 5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 16 5.2 Base standards ................................................................................................................................... 16 5.3 Main contents of an EFC-DSRC-IAP ................................................................................................. 17 5.4 Conformance requirements ............................................................................................................... 18 5.5 Conformation notification .................................................................................................................. 18 5.6 Conformance evaluation and testing................................................................................................ 18 5.7 Multiple IAPs ....................................................................................................................................... 18 6 Requirements for EFC-DSRC-IAP 1 .................................................................................................. 18 6.1 OBU requirements .............................................................................................................................. 18 6.1.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 18 6.1.2 DSRC requirements ............................................................................................................................ 18 6.1.3 DSRC L7 and EFC functions .............................................................................................................. 19 6.1.4 Data requirements .............................................................................................................................. 19 6.1.5 Security requirements ........................................................................................................................ 21 6.1.6 Transaction requirements .................................................................................................................. 22 6.2 RSE requirements ............................................................................................................................... 22 6.2.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 22 6.2.2 DSRC requirements ............................................................................................................................ 22 6.2.3 DSRC L7 and EFC functions .............................................................................................................. 22 6.2.4 Data requirements .............................................................................................................................. 23 6.2.5 Security requirements ........................................................................................................................ 23 6.2.6 Transaction requirements .................................................................................................................. 24 Annex A (normative)

Data specification ........................................................................................................ 25 Annex B (normative)

Security calculations ................................................................................................... 29 B.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 29 B.2 Attribute authenticator ....................................................................................................................... 29 B.2.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 29 B.2.2 Authenticator using the attribute Payment Means .......................................................................... 30 B.3 Access Credentials ............................................................................................................................. 32 B.3.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 32 B.3.2 The principle of Access Credentials ................................................................................................. 32 B.3.3 Calculation of Access Credentials .................................................................................................... 33 B.4 Key derivation ..................................................................................................................................... 34 B.4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 34 SIST EN 15509:2014

EN 15509:2014 (E) 3 B.4.2 Calculation of derived Authentication Key ....................................................................................... 34 B.4.3 Calculation of the Access Key ........................................................................................................... 34 B.5 Transaction Counter ........................................................................................................................... 35 Annex C (normative)

Implementation conformance statement proforma .................................................. 36 C.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 36 C.2 Guidance for completing the ICS proforma ...................................................................................... 36 C.2.1 Purposes and structure ...................................................................................................................... 36 C.2.2 Abbreviations and conventions ......................................................................................................... 36 C.3 Instructions for completing the ICS proforma.................................................................................. 38 C.4 ICS proforma for OBU ......................................................................................................................... 38 C.4.1 Identification implementation ............................................................................................................ 38 C.4.2 Identification of the standard ............................................................................................................. 39 C.4.3 Global statement of conformance ..................................................................................................... 39 C.4.4 ICS proforma for OBU ......................................................................................................................... 39 C.4.5 Profile requirements list for OBU ...................................................................................................... 41 C.5 ICS proforma for RSE .......................................................................................................................... 45 C.5.1 Identification implementation ............................................................................................................ 45 C.5.2 Identification of the standard ............................................................................................................. 45 C.5.3 Global statement of conformance ..................................................................................................... 45 C.5.4 ICS proforma for RSE .......................................................................................................................... 45 C.5.5 Profile requirements list for RSE ....................................................................................................... 48 Annex D (informative)

IAP taxonomy and numbering ................................................................................... 52 D.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 52 D.2 Contents of an Interoperable Application Profile (IAP) ................................................................... 52 D.3 IAP referencing and numbering ......................................................................................................... 53 D.3.1 IAP numbering ..................................................................................................................................... 53 D.3.2 Security levels numbering .................................................................................................................. 53 D.3.3 Numbering and referencing examples .............................................................................................. 53 Annex E (informative)

Security computation examples ................................................................................ 54 E.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 54 E.2 Computation of Attribute Authenticator ........................................................................................... 54 E.3 Computation of Access Credentials .................................................................................................. 55 E.4 Key derivation ...................................................................................................................................... 55 E.4.1 Authenticator Key ................................................................................................................................ 55 E.4.2 Access Credentials Key ...................................................................................................................... 56 Annex F (informative)

Security Considerations ............................................................................................. 57 Annex G (informative)

Interlayer management .............................................................................................. 58 G.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 58 SIST EN 15509:2014

EN 15509:2014 (E) 4 G.2 RSE Inter Layer Management guidelines ......................................................................................... 58 G.3 OBU Inter Layer Management guidelines ........................................................................................ 58 G.4 State Transition Tables ...................................................................................................................... 58 Annex H (informative)

Mounting guidelines for the OBU ............................................................................. 64 H.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 64 H.2 OBU mounting position ..................................................................................................................... 64 Annex I (informative)

Use of this standard for the EETS ............................................................................. 67 I.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 67 I.2 Overall relationship between European standardization and the EETS ....................................... 67 I.3 European standardisation work supporting the EETS ................................................................... 67 I.4 Correspondence between this standard and the EETS .................................................................. 68 Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 69

SIST EN 15509:2014

EN 15509:2014 (E) 5 Foreword This document (EN 15509:2014) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 278 “Intelligent transport systems”, the secretariat of which is held by NEN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by March 2015 and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by March 2015. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 15509:2007. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association. This second edition of EN 15509 incorporates the following main modifications compared to the previous one: — amendment of terms, in order to reflect harmonization of terms across electronic fee collection (EFC) standards; — addition of a new clause (i.e. Clause 5) on conformance; — amendment of the definition of vehicle licence plate number (size constraints and clarification that only Latin alphabet coding is supported) — revision of the informative annex on security considerations (i.e. Annex F), and reference to CEN/TS 16439 on Electronic fee collection – Security framework; — addition of a new informative annex (i.e. Annex I) on how to use this standard for the European electronic toll service; — deletion of informative Annex H, part of the first edition, on Vehicle classification data, as it was deemed obsolete in view of EN ISO 14906:2011; — deletion of informative Annex I, part of the first edition, on Using this European Standard for other DSRC-based transactions, as it was deemed obsolete in view of CEN ISO/TS 12813 and CEN ISO/TS 13141;

— amendments to reflect changes to the underlying base standards, with emphasis on backward compatibility with the first edition of this standard. For the revision of this European Standard, the following principles have been used: — take into account the evolution of some of the underlying standards and technical specifications, i.e. EN ISO 14906:2011, CEN/TS 16439, ISO/IEC 9797-1; — maintain compatibility with the previous edition of this European Standard. This European Standard defines an Application Profile based on a set of base standards according to the concept of "International Standardised Profiles (ISP)" as defined in ISO/IEC/TR 10000-1. The objective is to support technical interoperability between EFC DSRC-based systems in Europe. The principles of Application Profiling and relations to underlying base standards are defined in the Introduction. SIST EN 15509:2014

EN 15509:2014 (E) 6 According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 15509:2014

EN 15509:2014 (E) 7 Introduction CEN/TC 278 has produced a set of standards that supports interoperable electronic fee collection (EFC) dedicated short-range communication (DSRC)-based systems (e.g. EN ISO 14906, a “toolbox” for defining EFC-application transactions). However, these standards are necessary but not sufficient to ensure technical interoperability between DSRC-EFC-systems. This European Standard provides for a coherent set of requirements of the EFC-application and that is intended to serve as a common technical platform for EFC-interoperability. This European Standard defines an Interoperable Application Profile for DSRC-EFC transactions. The main objective is to support technical interoperability between EFC-systems within the scope of this European Standard (as defined in Clause 1 below). A basic description of the EFC-service and an EFC System can be found in ISO 17573. This European Standard only defines a basic level of technical interoperability for EFC equipment, i.e. on-board unit (OBU) and roadside equipment (RSE) using DSRC. It does not provide a full solution for interoperability, and it does not define other parts of the EFC-system, other services, other technologies and non-technical elements of interoperability. The elaboration of this European Standard is based on the experiences from a vast number of implementations and projects throughout Europe. The standard makes use of the results from European projects such as CARDME, PISTA and CESARE, as they represent the fruit of European EFC harmonization and have been used as the basis for several national implementations. The development of a common European Electronic Toll Service (EETS) as a part of the European Directive (2004/52/EC) also calls for the definition of an interoperable EFC-service. This European Standard provides for effective support for the work on the definition of EETS. After publication of EN 15509:2007 an EC-decision (2009/750/EC) on the EETS was adopted, that notes the first edition of this standard (EN 15509:2007) as a mandatory technical reference for the EETS. This has been fully maintained in this second edition of EN 15509. Although there already are numerous existing base standards and specifications, there are specific needs that motivate this Interoperable Application Profile standard: — Definition of the necessary and sufficient EFC-DSRC requirements to support technical interoperability; — Provision of a crucial part of the EETS and hence support for the European Directive (2004/52/EC), the European Commission Decision (2009/750/EC of October 2009) on the definition of the European Electronic Toll Service and its technical elements complemented by the Guide for the application of the directive on the interoperability of electronic road toll systems; — CARDME/PISTA/CESARE dialects are used in many countries but they need to converge, as the present situation is not cost effective; — Needed additional DSRC-requirements are made; — Choice of data elements including vehicle data; — Extended definition of the use of some data elements, including semantics and coding; — Clear choices for security implementation; — It facilitates a complementing test specification (with clear relations between the conformance requirements and evaluation tests); — Good support for procurements. SIST EN 15509:2014

EN 15509:2014 (E) 8 The Application Profile is described using the concept of "International Standardised Profiles (ISP)" as defined in ISO/IEC/TR 10000-1. The ISP-concept is specifically suited for defining interoperability specifications where a set of base standards can be used in different ways. This is exactly the case in EFC, where a set of base standards allows for different choices that are not interoperable. The principles of the ISP-concept can be summarized as follows: — An ISP shall make references only to base standards or other ISPs; — The profile shall restrict the choice of base standard options to the extent necessary to maximize the probability of interoperability (e.g. chosen classes, conforming subsets, options and parameter values of base standards); — The ISP shall not copy content of the base standards (in order to avoid consistency problems with the base standards); — The profile shall not specify any requirements that would contradict or cause non-conformance to the base standards; — The profile may contain conformance requirements that are more specific and limited in scope than those of the base standards; — Conformance to a profile implies by definition conformance to a set of base standards, whereas conformance to that set of base standards does not necessarily imply conformance to the profile. The use of the Application Profiling concept also provides for a flexible framework towards adoption, migration and use of this European Standard. Toll Chargers, Toll Service Providers and Manufacturers may use this Application Profile as a basis for interoperable use of their equipment, without having to disturb or otherwise affect any EFC-system used locally. The general requirements of the Interoperable Application Profile are set out in Clause 5, whilst the specific conformance requirements are given in Clause 6. To facilitate easy referencing, testing and look-up, these specific requirements are divided into two parts; On-Board Unit (OBU) requirements and Roadside Equipment (RSE) requirements. In addition this European Standard also includes various annexes that provide further detailed specifications as well as background, motivation and examples for the conformance requirements. The intention is that these enhance readability and understanding of this European Standard. The base standard EN ISO 14906:2011 has been the subject of a revision. The revision of EN 15509 takes into account the revision introduced in this base standard. This European Standard is complemented by a set of standards defining Conformity Evaluation of the Conformance Requirements. EN 15876 defines how to evaluate on-board and roadside equipment for conformity to EN 15509 (this European Standard). EN 15876 consists of the following parts, under the general title "Electronic fee collection — Evaluation of on-board and roadside equipment for conformity to EN 15509": — Part 1: Test suite structure and test purposes; — Part 2: Abstract test suite. NOTE

EN 15786-1 and EN 15786-2 will be subject to revision to accommodate the changes introduced in this second edition of EN 15509. SIST EN 15509:2014

EN 15509:2014 (E) 9 1 Scope The scope for this European Standard is limited to: — payment method: Central account based on EFC-DSRC; — physical systems: OBU, RSE and the DSRC interface between them (all functions and information flows related to these parts); — DSRC-link requirements; — EFC transactions over the DSRC interface; — data elements to be used by OBU and RSE used in EFC-DSRC transactions; — security mechanisms for OBU and RSE used in EFC-DSRC transactions. The scope of this European Standard is illustrated in Figure 1.

Figure 1 — Scope for this European Standard (within the box delimited with a dotted line) It is outside the scope of this European Standard to define: — contractual and procedural interoperability requirements (including issues related to a Memorandum of Understanding, MoU); — conformance procedures and test specification (this is provided in a separate set of standards); SIST EN 15509:2014

EN 15509:2014 (E) 10 — setting-up of operating organizations (e.g. toll charger, toll service provider, trusted third party, etc.); — legal issues; — other payment methods in DSRC-based EFC (e.g. on-board accounts using integrated circuit cards); — other basic technologies (e.g. GNSS/CN or video registration based EFC). However, this European Standard may be used for defining the DSRC-EFC parts for the use in applications that implement a mix of different technologies; — non-EFC transactions over the DSRC interface (e.g. CCC and LAC communication, which is defined in other standards); — other interfaces or functions in EFC-systems than those specified above (i.e. information flows and data exchange between operators or personalization, initialization and customization of the OBU). Some of these issues are subject to separate standards prepared by CEN/TC 278, ISO/TC 204 or ETSI ERM. Figure 2 shows the scope of this European Standard from a DSRC-stack perspective.

Figure 2 — Relationship between this European Standard and DSRC-stack elements SIST EN 15509:2014

EN 15509:2014 (E) 11 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 12834:2003, Road transport and traffic telematics - Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) - DSRC application layer EN 13372:2004, Road Transport and Traffic Telematics (RTTT) - Dedicated short-range communication - Profiles for RTTT applications EN ISO 14906:2011, Electronic fee collection - Application interface definition for dedicated short-range communication (ISO 14906:2011) ETSI/TS 102 486-1-1 V1.1.1 (2006-03), Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Road Transport and Traffic Telematics (RTTT); Test specifications for Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) transmission equipment; Part 1: DSRC data link layer: medium access and logical link control; Sub-Part 1: Protocol Implementation Conformance Statement (PICS) proforma specification ETSI/TS 102 486-2-1 V1.2.1 (2008-10), Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS); Road Transport and Traffic Telematics (RTTT); Test specifications for Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) transmission equipment; Part 2: DSRC application layer; Sub-Part 1: Protocol Implementation Conformance Statement (PICS) proforma specification ISO/IEC 9646-7, Information technology — Open Systems Interconnection — Conformance testing methodology and framework — Part 7: Implementation Conformance Statements ISO/IEC 9797-1:2011, Information technology — Security techniques — Message Authentication Codes (MACs) — Part 1: Mechanisms using a block cipher ISO/IEC 18033-3:2010, Information technology — Security techniques — Encryption algorithms — Part 3: Block ciphers 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 access credentials

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