Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems - Automatic identification systems (AIS) - SAR Airborne equipment - Operational and performance requirements, methods of test and required test results

This document specifies the minimum operational and performance requirements, methods of testing and required test results as applicable for automatic identification systems (AIS) VHF data link (VDL) related parts of an AIS SAR airborne station. This document incorporates the applicable technical characteristics of AIS SAR airborne equipment included in Recommendation ITU-R M.1371 and takes into account the ITU Radio Regulations, where applicable. This document also specifies the minimum requirements for the interfaces to other equipment suitable to be used as means of input and display data. Attention is drawn on that other requirements specific for airborne equipment can exist and are beyond the scope of this document.

Navigations- und Funkkommunikationsgeräte und -systeme für die Seeschifffahrt - Automatische Identifikationssysteme (AIS) - Ausrüstung für Such- und Rettungs-Fluggeräte - Betriebs- und Leistungsanforderungen, Prüfverfahren und geforderte Prüfergebnisse

Matériels et systèmes de navigation et de radiocommunication maritimes - Systèmes d'identification automatique (AIS) - Equipement aéroporté SAR - Exigences d'exploitation et de fonctionnement, méthodes d'essai et résultats d'essai exigés

Le présent document spécifie les exigences minimales d'exploitation et de fonctionnement, les méthodes d'essai et les résultats d'essai exigés applicables aux parties de la station aérienne AIS SAR en lien avec la liaison de données VHF (VDL) des systèmes d'identification automatique (AIS). Le présent document comporte les caractéristiques techniques applicables des équipements AIS SAR aéroportés incluses dans la Recommandation UIT-R M.1371 et tient compte, le cas échéant, du Règlement des radiocommunications de l'UIT. Le présent document spécifie également les exigences minimales applicables aux interfaces des autres équipements appropriés pour entrer et afficher des données. L'attention est attirée sur le fait que d'autres exigences spécifiques aux équipements aéroportés peuvent exister et ne relèvent pas du domaine d'application du présent document.

Pomorska navigacijska in radiokomunikacijska oprema in sistemi - Sistemi za avtomatično identifikacijo (AIS) - Oprema za letala SAR - Operativne in tehnične zahteve, preskusne metode in pričakovani rezultati preskušanja (IEC 63135:2018)

Ta dokument določa minimalne zahteve glede delovanja in zmogljivosti, preskusne metode in zahtevane rezultate preskusov, ki se uporabljajo za sisteme za avtomatično identifikacijo (AIS) in s podatkovno povezavo VHF povezane dele (VDL) sistemov AIS v opremi za letala SAR. Ta dokument vključuje veljavne tehnične lastnosti opreme za letala SAR, ki je zajeta v priporočilu ITU-R M.1371 in upošteva pravilnik ITU o radiokomunikacijah, kadar je to primerno.
Dokument prav tako določa minimalne zahteve za vmesnike do druge opreme,
ki se jo lahko uporablja za vnos in prikaz podatkov.
Opozoriti je treba, da mogoče obstajajo še druge posebne zahteve za letalsko opremo, ki presegajo obseg tega dokumenta.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
10-Jan-2019
Current Stage
6060 - Document made available
Due Date
11-Jan-2019
Completion Date
11-Jan-2019

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN IEC 63135:2019
01-marec-2019
3RPRUVNDQDYLJDFLMVNDLQUDGLRNRPXQLNDFLMVNDRSUHPDLQVLVWHPL6LVWHPL]D
DYWRPDWLþQRLGHQWLILNDFLMR $,6 2SUHPD]DOHWDOD6$52SHUDWLYQHLQWHKQLþQH
]DKWHYHSUHVNXVQHPHWRGHLQSULþDNRYDQLUH]XOWDWLSUHVNXãDQMD ,(&
Maritime navigation and radio communication equipment and systems - Automatic

Identification Systems (AIS) - SAR Airborne equipment - Operational and performance

requirements, methods of test and required test results (IEC 63135:2018)
Navigations- und Funkkommunikationsgeräte und -systeme für die Seeschifffahrt -
Automatische Identifikationssysteme (AIS) - Ausrüstung für Such- und Rettungs-
Fluggeräte - Betriebs- und Leistungsanforderungen, Prüfverfahren und geforderte
Prüfergebnisse (IEC 63135:2018)

Matériels et systèmes de navigation et de radiocommunication maritimes - Systèmes

d'identification automatique (AIS) - Equipement aéroporté SAR - Exigences d'exploitation

et de fonctionnement, méthodes d'essai et résultats d'essai exigés (IEC 63135:2018)

Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN IEC 63135:2019
ICS:
47.020.70 Navigacijska in krmilna Navigation and control
oprema equipment
SIST EN IEC 63135:2019 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 63135:2019
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 63135:2019
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN IEC 63135
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
January 2019
ICS 47.020.70
English Version
Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and
systems - Automatic identification systems (AIS) - SAR Airborne
equipment - Operational and performance requirements,
methods of test and required test results
(IEC 63135:2018)

Matériels et systèmes de navigation et de Navigations- und Funkkommunikationsgeräte und -systeme

radiocommunication maritimes - Systèmes d'identification für die Seeschifffahrt - Automatische Identifikationssysteme

automatique (AIS) - Equipement aéroporté SAR - (AIS) - Ausrüstung für Such- und Rettungs-Fluggeräte -

Exigences d'exploitation et de fonctionnement, méthodes Betriebs- und Leistungsanforderungen, Prüfverfahren und

d'essai et résultats d'essai exigés geforderte Prüfergebnisse
(IEC 63135:2018) (IEC 63135:2018)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2018-12-28. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC

Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden,

Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN IEC 63135:2019 E
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 63135:2019
EN IEC 63135:2019 (E)
European foreword

The text of document 80/875/CDV, future edition 1 of IEC 63135, prepared by IEC/TC 80 "Maritime

navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems" was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC

parallel vote and approved by CENELEC as EN IEC 63135:2019.
The following dates are fixed:

• latest date by which the document has to be implemented at national (dop) 2019-09-28

level by publication of an identical national standard or by endorsement

• latest date by which the national standards conflicting with the (dow) 2021-12-28

document have to be withdrawn

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CENELEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 63135:2018 was approved by CENELEC as a European

Standard without any modification.

In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards

indicated:
IEC 61097-14 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61097-14
IEC 61108-1 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61108-1
IEC 61108-2 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61108-2
IEC 61108-3 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61108-3
IEC 61162-2 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61162-2
IEC 61162-3 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61162-3
IEC 61162-450 NOTE Harmonized as EN IEC 61162-450
IEC 61162-460 NOTE Harmonized as EN IEC 61162-460
IEC 61993-2 NOTE Harmonized as EN IEC 61993-2
IEC 62287-1 NOTE Harmonized as EN 62287-1
IEC 62287-2 NOTE Harmonized as EN 62287-2
IEC 62320-1 NOTE Harmonized as EN 62320-1
IEC 62320-2 NOTE Harmonized as EN 62320-2
ISO 9000 NOTE Harmonized as EN ISO 9000
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 63135:2019
EN IEC 63135:2019 (E)
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments)

applies.

NOTE 1 Where an International Publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant

EN/HD applies.

NOTE 2 Up-to-date information on the latest versions of the European Standards listed in this annex is available here:

www.cenelec.eu.
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
IEC 61162-1 - Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment - -
and systems - Digital interfaces - Part 1: Single talker
and multiple listeners
ITU-R 2014 Technical characteristics for an automatic identification - -
Recommendation system using time-division multiple access in the VHF
M.1371-5 maritime mobile band
ITU-T - Basic parameters for the measurement of error - -
Recommendation performance at bit rates below the primary rate
O.153
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SIST EN IEC 63135:2019
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SIST EN IEC 63135:2019
IEC 63135
Edition 1.0 2018-11
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
colour
inside
Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems –
Automatic identification systems (AIS) – SAR airborne equipment – Operational
and performance requirements, methods of test and required test results
Matériels et systèmes de navigation et de radiocommunication maritimes –
Systèmes d'identification automatique (AIS) – Équipement aéroporté SAR –
Exigences d'exploitation et de fonctionnement, méthodes d'essai et résultats
d'essai exigés
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
INTERNATIONALE
ICS 47.020.70 ISBN 978-2-8322-6258-0

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
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SIST EN IEC 63135:2019
– 2 – IEC 63135:2018 © IEC 2018
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 7

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 9

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................... 9

3 Terms, definitions, symbols and abbreviated terms .......................................................... 9

3.1 Terms and definitions .............................................................................................. 9

3.2 Symbols and abbreviated terms ............................................................................ 10

4 General requirements .................................................................................................... 11

4.1 General ................................................................................................................. 11

4.1.1 Overview ....................................................................................................... 11

4.1.2 Capabilities of the AIS ................................................................................... 11

4.1.3 Transmitter shutdown procedure .................................................................... 11

4.2 Modes of operation ............................................................................................... 11

5 Performance requirements............................................................................................. 11

5.1 Composition .......................................................................................................... 11

5.2 Time and position ................................................................................................. 12

5.2.1 Source for UTC .............................................................................................. 12

5.2.2 Source for AIS position reporting ................................................................... 12

5.3 User interface ....................................................................................................... 12

5.4 Identification ......................................................................................................... 12

5.5 Information ........................................................................................................... 13

5.5.1 Information provided by the AIS SAR airborne station .................................... 13

5.5.2 Information reporting intervals ....................................................................... 13

5.5.3 AIS station reporting capacity ........................................................................ 14

5.6 Permissible initialization period ............................................................................. 14

5.7 Technical characteristics ....................................................................................... 14

5.8 Alarms and indications, fall-back arrangements .................................................... 14

5.8.1 Built-in test equipment ................................................................................... 14

5.8.2 Alarm messages ............................................................................................ 14

5.8.3 Status messages ........................................................................................... 16

6 Technical requirements ................................................................................................. 18

6.1 General ................................................................................................................. 18

6.2 Physical layer ....................................................................................................... 19

6.2.1 General ......................................................................................................... 19

6.2.2 Transmitter parameters.................................................................................. 19

6.2.3 Receiver parameters ..................................................................................... 21

6.3 Link layer .............................................................................................................. 21

6.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 21

6.3.2 Link sublayer 1: medium access control (MAC) .............................................. 22

6.3.3 Link sublayer 2: data link service (DLS) ......................................................... 22

6.3.4 Link sublayer 3: link management entity (LME) .............................................. 22

6.4 Network layer ........................................................................................................ 24

6.4.1 General ......................................................................................................... 25

6.4.2 Setting of operating channels ........................................................................ 25

6.5 Transport layer ..................................................................................................... 25

6.6 Presentation interface ........................................................................................... 25

6.6.1 General ......................................................................................................... 25

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IEC 63135:2018 © IEC 2018 – 3 –

6.6.2 Optional automatic input of sensor data ......................................................... 26

6.6.3 High speed input/output ports ........................................................................ 27

7 Test conditions .............................................................................................................. 29

7.1 Normal and extreme test conditions ...................................................................... 29

7.1.1 Normal test conditions ................................................................................... 29

7.1.2 Extreme test conditions ................................................................................. 29

7.2 Standard test environment .................................................................................... 30

7.3 Additional test arrangements................................................................................. 30

7.3.1 Arrangements for test signals applied to the receiver input ............................ 30

7.3.2 Encoder for receiver measurements .............................................................. 30

7.3.3 Waiver for receivers ....................................................................................... 30

7.3.4 Impedance ..................................................................................................... 30

7.3.5 Artificial antenna (dummy load) ..................................................................... 31

7.3.6 Facilities for access ....................................................................................... 31

7.3.7 Modes of operation of the transmitter............................................................. 31

7.4 Common test conditions for protection from invalid controls .................................. 31

7.5 Measurement uncertainties ................................................................................... 31

8 Test signals ................................................................................................................... 32

8.1 Standard test signal number 1 .............................................................................. 32

8.2 Standard test signal number 2 (TDMA) ................................................................. 32

8.3 Standard test signal number 3 (TDMA) ................................................................. 32

8.4 Standard test signal number 4 (PRBS) .................................................................. 32

8.5 Standard test signal number 5 (PRBS) .................................................................. 32

9 Power supply, special purpose and safety tests ............................................................. 33

10 Environmental tests ....................................................................................................... 33

11 Operational tests ........................................................................................................... 33

11.1 Identification and operating modes........................................................................ 33

11.1.1 Autonomous mode ......................................................................................... 34

11.1.2 Polled mode .................................................................................................. 34

11.1.3 Addressed operation ...................................................................................... 35

11.1.4 Transmission retry ......................................................................................... 35

11.1.5 Broadcast operation....................................................................................... 36

11.1.6 Multiple slot messages .................................................................................. 37

11.2 Information ........................................................................................................... 37

11.2.1 Information provided by the AIS ..................................................................... 38

11.3 Initialization period ................................................................................................ 38

11.3.1 Method of measurement ................................................................................ 38

11.3.2 Required results ............................................................................................ 38

11.4 Transceiver protection .......................................................................................... 38

11.4.1 Method of measurement ................................................................................ 38

11.4.2 Required results ............................................................................................ 38

11.5 Alarms and indicators, fall-back arrangements ...................................................... 38

11.5.1 Monitoring of functions and integrity .............................................................. 38

11.5.2 Monitoring of sensor data .............................................................................. 39

12 Physical tests ................................................................................................................ 41

12.1 TDMA transmitter .................................................................................................. 41

12.1.1 Frequency error ............................................................................................. 41

12.1.2 Carrier power ................................................................................................. 42

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SIST EN IEC 63135:2019
– 4 – IEC 63135:2018 © IEC 2018

12.1.3 Slotted transmission spectrum ....................................................................... 42

12.1.4 Modulation accuracy ...................................................................................... 43

12.1.5 Transmitter output power characteristics........................................................ 44

12.2 TDMA receivers .................................................................................................... 44

12.2.1 Sensitivity ...................................................................................................... 44

12.2.2 Error behaviour at high input levels................................................................ 45

12.2.3 Co-channel rejection ...................................................................................... 46

12.2.4 Adjacent channel selectivity ........................................................................... 46

12.2.5 Spurious response rejection .......................................................................... 47

12.2.6 Intermodulation response rejection and blocking ............................................ 49

12.2.7 Blocking or desensitisation ............................................................................ 50

12.2.8 Transmit to receive switching time ................................................................. 51

12.2.9 Immunity to out-of-band energy ..................................................................... 52

12.3 Conducted spurious emissions .............................................................................. 52

12.3.1 Spurious emissions from the transmitter ........................................................ 52

12.3.2 Spurious emissions from the receiver ............................................................ 53

13 Specific tests of Link layer ............................................................................................. 53

13.1 TDMA synchronisation .......................................................................................... 54

13.1.1 Synchronisation test using UTC ..................................................................... 54

13.1.2 Synchronisation test using UTC with repeated messages .............................. 54

13.1.3 Synchronisation test without UTC, semaphore ............................................... 55

13.1.4 Synchronisation test without UTC .................................................................. 55

13.1.5 Reception of un-synchronised messages ....................................................... 55

13.2 Synchronisation and jitter accuracy ....................................................................... 55

13.2.1 Definition ....................................................................................................... 55

13.2.2 Method of measurement ................................................................................ 56

13.2.3 Required results ............................................................................................ 56

13.3 Data encoding (bit stuffing) ................................................................................... 56

13.3.1 Method of measurement ................................................................................ 56

13.3.2 Required results ............................................................................................ 56

13.4 Frame check sequence ......................................................................................... 56

13.4.1 Method of measurement ................................................................................ 56

13.4.2 Required results ............................................................................................ 56

13.5 Slot allocation (channel access protocols) ............................................................. 56

13.5.1 Network entry ................................................................................................ 56

13.5.2 Autonomous scheduled transmissions (SOTDMA) ......................................... 57

13.5.3 Scheduling of other reporting intervals ........................................................... 57

13.5.4 Safety related/binary message transmission .................................................. 58

13.5.5 Transmission of static data with Message 24A (ITDMA) ................................. 58

13.5.6 Transmission of static data with Message 5 (ITDMA) ..................................... 59

13.5.7 Assigned operation ........................................................................................ 59

13.5.8 Group assignment ......................................................................................... 61

13.5.9 Fixed allocated transmissions (FATDMA)....................................................... 64

13.5.10 Randomisation of message transmissions ..................................................... 65

13.6 Message formats .................................................................................................. 65

13.6.1 Received messages ....................................................................................... 65

13.6.2 Transmitted messages ................................................................................... 65

14 Specific tests of Network layer ....................................................................................... 66

14.1 Dual channel operation – Alternate transmissions ................................................. 66

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SIST EN IEC 63135:2019
IEC 63135:2018 © IEC 2018 – 5 –

14.1.1 Method of measurement ................................................................................ 66

14.1.2 Required results ............................................................................................ 66

14.2 Regional area designation by serial sentence ....................................................... 66

14.2.1 Method of measurement ................................................................................ 66

14.2.2 Required results ............................................................................................ 66

14.3 Slot reuse ............................................................................................................. 66

14.3.1 Method of measurement ................................................................................ 66

14.3.2 Required results ............................................................................................ 67

15 Specific tests of Transport layer .................................................................................... 67

15.1 Behaviour of NavStatus 14 reception .................................................................... 67

15.1.1 Test of AIS SART message ........................................................................... 67

15.1.2 Test of MOB-AIS message ............................................................................. 68

15.1.3 Test of EPIRB-AIS message .......................................................................... 68

16 Specific presentation interface tests .............................................................................. 68

16.1 General ................................................................................................................. 68

16.2 Checking manufacturer's documentation ............................................................... 68

16.3 Test of sensor input .............................................................................................. 69

16.3.1 Test of GNS input .......................................................................................... 69

16.3.2 Test of RMC input .......................................................................................... 69

16.3.3 Test of DTM input .......................................................................................... 70

16.3.4 Test of GBS input .......................................................................................... 70

16.3.5 Test of VTG input .......................................................................................... 71

16.4 Test of high speed output ...................................................................................... 71

16.4.1 Method of measurement ................................................................................ 71

16.4.2 Required results ............................................................................................ 71

16.5 High speed output interface performance .............................................................. 71

16.5.1 Method of measurement ................................................................................ 71

16.5.2 Required results ............................................................................................ 71

16.6 Test of high speed input ........................................................................................ 72

16.6.1 General ......................................................................................................... 72

16.6.2 Test of VSD input sentence ........................................................................... 72

16.6.3 Test of SSD input sentence ........................................................................... 72

16.6.4 Test of EPV input sentence ........................................................................... 73

Annex A (informative) Block diagram of AIS SAR airborne station ........................................ 74

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 75

Figure 1 – OSI layer model ................................................................................................... 19

Figure 2 – Power versus time characterist
...

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