Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems - Digital interfaces - Part 450: Multiple talkers and multiple listeners - Ethernet interconnection

NEW!IEC 61162-450:2018 is available as IEC 61162-450:2018 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 61162-450:2018 specifies interface requirements and methods of test for high speed communication between shipboard navigation and radiocommunication equipment as well as between such systems and other ship systems that need to communicate with navigation and radio-communication equipment. This document is based on the application of an appropriate suite of existing international standards to provide a framework for implementing data transfer between devices on a shipboard Ethernet network. This document specifies an Ethernet based bus type network where any listener can receive messages from any sender with the following properties. - This document includes provisions for multicast distribution of information formatted according to IEC 61162-1, for example position fixes and other measurements, as well as provisions for transmission of general data blocks (binary file), for example between radar and VDR, and also includes provisions for multicast distribution of information formatted according to IEC 61162-3, for example position fixes and other measurements. - This document is limited to protocols for equipment (network nodes) connected to a single Ethernet network consisting only of OSI level one or two devices and cables (Network infrastructure). - This document provides requirements only for equipment interfaces. By specifying protocols for transmission of IEC 61162-1 sentences, IEC 61162-3 PGN messages and general binary file data, these requirements will guarantee interoperability between equipment implementing this document as well as a certain level of safe behaviour of the equipment itself. - This document permits equipment using other protocols than those specified in this document to share a network infrastructure, provided that it is supplied with interfaces which satisfy the requirements described for ONF. - This document includes provisions for filtering of the network traffic in order to limit the amount of traffic to manageable level for each individual equipment. This document does not contain any system requirements other than the ones that can be inferred from the sum of individual equipment requirements. An associated standard, IEC 61162-460, further addresses system requirements. This second edition of IEC 61162-450 cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2011 and Amendment 1:2016. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: a) network traffic filtering based on IGMP snooping added; b) network traffic balancing added; c) new encapsulation of IEC 61162-3 PGNs added; d) new alternative for binary file transfer added: TCP/IP based on Annex H of IEC 62388:2007 on radars; e) general authentication tag "a:" added to support managing of cyber security risk.

Navigations- und Funkkommunikationsgeräte und -systeme für die Seeschifffahrt - Digitale Schnittstellen - Teil 450: Mehrere Datensender und mehrere Datenempfänger - Ethernet-Verbund

Matériels et systèmes de navigation et de radiocommunication maritimes - Interfaces numériques - Partie 450: Emetteurs multiples et récepteurs multiples - Interconnexion Ethernet

NEW!IEC 61162-450:2018 est disponible sous forme de IEC 61162-450:2018 RLV qui contient la Norme internationale et sa version Redline, illustrant les modifications du contenu technique depuis l'édition précédente.

Pomorska navigacijska in radiokomunikacijska oprema in sistemi - Digitalni vmesniki - 450. del: Več govorcev in poslušalcev - Povezovanje prek eterneta (IEC 61162-450:2018)

Ta del standarda IEC 61162 določa zahteve za vmesnike in metode preskušanja za visokohitrostno komunikacijo med ladijsko navigacijsko opremo in radiokomunikacijsko opremo ter med takšnimi sistemi in drugimi ladijskimi sistemi, ki morajo komunicirati z navigacijsko in radiokomunikacijsko opremo. Ta dokument temelji na uporabi ustreznega nabora obstoječih mednarodnih standardov, ki zagotavljajo okvir za izvajanje prenosa podatkov med napravami v ladijskem ethernetnem omrežju.
Ta dokument določa ethernetno omrežje z vodilom, v katerem lahko vsak poslušalec prejme sporočila od katerega koli pošiljatelja z naslednjimi lastnostmi.
• Ta dokument vsebuje določbe za distribucijo informacij več prejemnikom, oblikovanih v skladu s standardom IEC 61162-1, na primer popravki položajev in drugih meritev, ter določbe za prenos splošnih podatkovnih blokov (binarna datoteka), na primer med radarjem in VDR, vsebuje pa tudi določbe za distribucijo informacij več prejemnikom, pri čemer so informacije oblikovane v skladu s standardom IEC 61162-3, na primer popravki položajev in druge meritve.
• Ta dokument je omejen na protokole za opremo (omrežna vozlišča), ki je povezana z enim omrežjem Ethernet, ki ga sestavljajo samo naprave in kabli ravni OSI ena ali dve (omrežna infrastruktura).
• Ta dokument določa samo zahteve za vmesnike za opremo. Z določitvijo protokolov za prenos stavkov standarda IEC 61162-1, sporočil PGN standarda IEC 61162-3 in splošnih podatkov binarne datoteke, bodo te zahteve zagotovile interoperabilnost med opremo, pri kateri se uporablja ta dokument, in določeno raven varnega ravnanja same opreme.
• Ta dokument dovoljuje opremi, ki uporablja druge protokole od teh, določenih v tem dokumentu, skupno rabo omrežne infrastrukture, pod pogojem, da je opremljena z vmesniki, ki izpolnjujejo zahteve, opisane za ONF.
• Ta dokument zajema določbe za filtriranje omrežnega prometa za omejitev količine prometa na obvladljivo raven za vsako posamezno opremo.
Ta dokument ne vsebuje nobenih sistemskih zahtev razen tistih, ki jih je mogoče izpeljati iz vsote zahtev posamezne opreme. Povezani standard IEC 61162-460 natančneje obravnava sistemske zahteve.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
16-Aug-2018
Current Stage
6060 - Document made available
Due Date
25-Jun-2018

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN IEC 61162-450:2018
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Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems - Digital interfaces

- Part 450: Multiple talkers and multiple listeners - Ethernet interconnection (IEC 61162-

450:2018)
Navigations- und Funkkommunikationsgeräte und -systeme für die Seeschifffahrt -

Digitale Schnittstellen - Teil 450: Mehrere Datensender und mehrere Datenempfänger -

Ethernet-Verbund (IEC 61162-450:2018)

Matériels et systèmes de navigation et de radiocommunication maritimes - Interfaces

numériques - Partie 450: Emetteurs multiples et récepteurs multiples - Interconnexion

Ethernet (IEC 61162-450:2018)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN IEC 61162-450:2018
ICS:
33.060.01 Radijske komunikacije na Radiocommunications in
splošno general
47.020.70 Navigacijska in krmilna Navigation and control
oprema equipment
SIST EN IEC 61162-450:2018 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 61162-450:2018
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SIST EN IEC 61162-450:2018
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN IEC 61162-450
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
August 2018
ICS 47.020.70 Supersedes EN 61162-450:2011
English Version
Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and
systems - Digital interfaces - Part 450: Multiple talkers and
multiple listeners - Ethernet interconnection
(IEC 61162-450:2018)

Matériels et systèmes de navigation et de Navigations- und Funkkommunikationsgeräte und -systeme

radiocommunication maritimes - Interfaces numériques - für die Seeschifffahrt - Digitale Schnittstellen -

Partie 450: Emetteurs multiples et récepteurs multiples - Teil 450: Mehrere Datensender und mehrere

Interconnexion Ethernet Datenempfänger - Ethernet-Verbund
(IEC 61162-450:2018) (IEC 61162-450:2018)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2018-06-08. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC

Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden,

Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2018 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN IEC 61162-450:2018 E
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SIST EN IEC 61162-450:2018
EN IEC 61162-450:2018
European foreword
The text of document 80/880/FDIS, future edition 2 of IEC 61162-450, prepared by

IEC/TC 80 "Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems" was submitted to

the IEC-CENELEC parallel vote and approved by CENELEC as EN IEC 61162-450:2018.
The following dates are fixed:
(dop) 2019-03-08
• latest date by which the document has to be
implemented at national level by
publication of an identical national
standard or by endorsement
• latest date by which the national (dow) 2021-06-08
standards conflicting with the
document have to be withdrawn
This document supersedes EN 61162-450:2011.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CENELEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 61162-450:2018 was approved by CENELEC as a

European Standard without any modification.

In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards indicated:

IEC 60603-7 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60603-7.
IEC 60603-7-3 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60603-7-3.
IEC 60603-7-7 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60603-7-7.
IEC 61076-2-101 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61076-2-101.
IEC 61162-2 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61162-2.
IEC 61162-450:2011 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61162-450:2011 (not modified).
IEC 61162-460 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61162-460.
IEC 61174 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61174.
IEC 61754-20 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61754-20.
IEC 61996-1 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61996-1.
IEC 62388:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 62388:2008 (not modified).
Superseded by EN 62388:2013 (IEC 62388:2013).
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SIST EN IEC 61162-450:2018
EN IEC 61162-450:2018
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments)

applies.

NOTE 1 Where an International Publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant

EN/HD applies.

NOTE 2 Up-to-date information on the latest versions of the European Standards listed in this annex is available here:

www.cenelec.eu.
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
IEC 60825-2 - Safety of laser products - EN 60825-2 -
Part 2: Safety of optical fibre
communication systems (OFCS)
IEC 60945 - Maritime navigation and EN 60945 -
radiocommunication equipment and
systems - General requirements -
Methods of testing and required test results
IEC 61162-1 2016 Maritime navigation and EN 61162-1 2016
radiocommunication equipment
and systems - Digital interfaces -
Part 1: Single talker and multiple listeners
IEC 61162-3 2008 Maritime navigation and EN 61162-3 2008
radiocommunication equipment and
systems - Digital interfaces -
Part 3: Serial data instrument network
IEEE Std 802.3 2015 IEEE Standard for Ethernet - -
IETF RFC 768 - User Datagram Protocol - -
IETF RFC 791 - Internet Protocol (IP) - DARPA Internet - -
Program Protocol Specification
IETF RFC 792 - Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) - -
IETF RFC 793 1981 Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) - -
IETF RFC 826 - An Ethernet Address Resolution Protocol - -
IETF RFC 1112 - Host Extensions for IP multicasting - -
IETF RFC 1918 - Address Allocation for Private Internets - -
IETF RFC 2236 - Internet Group Management Protocol, - -
Version 2
IETF RFC 2474 - Definition of the Differentiated Services - -
Field (DS Field) in the IPv4 and IPv6
Headers
IETF RFC 3376 - Internet Group Management Protocol, - -
Version 3
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SIST EN IEC 61162-450:2018
EN IEC 61162-450:2018
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
IETF RFC 5000 - Internet Official Protocol Standards - -
IETF RFC 5227 - IPv4 Address Conflict Detection - -
IETF RFC 5424 - The Syslog Protocol - -
NMEA 0183 2008 Standard for interfacing marine electronic - -
devices, Version 4.00
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SIST EN IEC 61162-450:2018
IEC 61162-450
Edition 2.0 2018-05
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems – Digital
interfaces –
Part 450: Multiple talkers and multiple listeners – Ethernet interconnection
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
ICS 47.020.70 ISBN 978-2-8322-5636-7

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
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SIST EN IEC 61162-450:2018
– 2 – IEC 61162-450:2018 © IEC 2018
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 7

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 9

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................... 9

3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................... 10

4 General network and equipment requirements ............................................................... 14

4.1 Network topology example .................................................................................... 14

4.2 Basic requirements ............................................................................................... 15

4.2.1 Requirements for equipment to be connected to the network ......................... 15

4.2.2 Additional requirements for network infrastructure equipment ........................ 16

4.3 Network function (NF) requirements ...................................................................... 16

4.3.1 General requirements .................................................................................... 16

4.3.2 Maximum data rate requirements ................................................................... 16

4.3.3 Error logging function .................................................................................... 17

4.3.4 Provisions for network traffic filtering – IGMP ................................................ 19

4.4 System function block (SF) requirements .............................................................. 19

4.4.1 General requirements .................................................................................... 19

4.4.2 Assignment of unique system function ID (SFI) .............................................. 19

4.4.3 Implementing configurable transmission groups ............................................. 20

4.5 Serial to network gateway function (SNGF) requirements ...................................... 20

4.5.1 General requirements .................................................................................... 20

4.5.2 Serial line output buffer management ............................................................ 21

4.5.3 Datagram output requirements ....................................................................... 22

4.5.4 Multi SF serial port ........................................................................................ 22

4.5.5 Handling malformed data received on serial line ............................................ 22

4.6 PGN to network gateway function (PNGF) requirements ....................................... 23

4.6.1 General requirements .................................................................................... 23

4.6.2 Output buffer management from IEC 61162-450 network to IEC 61162-3

network.......................................................................................................... 23

4.6.3 Datagram output requirements ....................................................................... 23

4.6.4 PGN group number ........................................................................................ 23

4.7 Other network function (ONF) requirements .......................................................... 24

5 Low level network requirements ..................................................................................... 24

5.1 Electrical and mechanical requirements ................................................................ 24

5.2 Network protocol requirements.............................................................................. 25

5.3 IP address assignment for equipment ................................................................... 26

5.4 Multicast address range ........................................................................................ 26

5.5 Device address for instrument networks ................................................................ 26

6 Transport layer specification .......................................................................................... 26

6.1 General ................................................................................................................. 26

6.2 UDP messages ..................................................................................................... 27

6.2.1 UDP multicast protocol .................................................................................. 27

6.2.2 Use of multicast addresses and port numbers ................................................ 27

6.2.3 UDP checksum .............................................................................................. 29

6.2.4 Datagram size ............................................................................................... 29

7 Application layer specification ........................................................................................ 30

7.1 Datagram header .................................................................................................. 30

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IEC 61162-450:2018 © IEC 2018 – 3 –

7.1.1 Valid header .................................................................................................. 30

7.1.2 Error logging .................................................................................................. 30

7.2 General IEC 61162-1 sentence transmissions ....................................................... 30

7.2.1 Application of this protocol ............................................................................. 30

7.2.2 Types of messages for which this protocol can be used ................................. 30

7.2.3 TAG block parameters for sentences transmitted in the datagram .................. 30

7.2.4 Requirements for processing incoming datagrams ......................................... 34

7.2.5 Error logging for processing incoming datagrams .......................................... 34

7.3 Binary file transfer using UDP multicast – Single transmitter, multiple

receivers ............................................................................................................... 34

7.3.1 Application of this protocol ............................................................................. 34

7.3.2 Binary file structure........................................................................................ 35

7.3.3 61162-450 header ......................................................................................... 35

7.3.4 Binary file descriptor structure ....................................................................... 37

7.3.5 Binary file data fragment ................................................................................ 38

7.3.6 Sender process for binary file transfer ........................................................... 39

7.3.7 Receiver process for binary file transfer ......................................................... 42

7.3.8 Other requirements ........................................................................................ 44

7.3.9 Error logging .................................................................................................. 46

7.4 General IEC 61162-3 PGN message transmissions ............................................... 46

7.4.1 Message structure ......................................................................................... 46

7.4.2 Message format ............................................................................................. 47

7.4.3 Address translation requirements................................................................... 47

7.4.4 Message processing ...................................................................................... 48

7.4.5 Additional management requirements ............................................................ 48

7.5 System function ID resolution................................................................................ 48

7.5.1 General ......................................................................................................... 48

7.5.2 Transmitter functions ..................................................................................... 49

7.6 Binary file transfer using TCP point-to-point .......................................................... 49

7.6.1 Definition ....................................................................................................... 49

7.6.2 Data field structure for transfer of files ........................................................... 50

7.6.3 Structure of the transfer stream ..................................................................... 52

7.6.4 TCP port and IP addresses ............................................................................ 52

7.6.5 Implementation guidance ............................................................................... 52

8 Methods of test and required results .............................................................................. 53

8.1 Test set-up and equipment .................................................................................... 53

8.2 Basic requirements ............................................................................................... 54

8.2.1 Equipment to be connected to the network .................................................... 54

8.2.2 Network infrastructure equipment .................................................................. 54

8.2.3 Documentation .............................................................................................. 54

8.3 Network function (NF) ........................................................................................... 54

8.3.1 Maximum data rate ........................................................................................ 54

8.3.2 Error logging function .................................................................................... 55

8.4 System function block (SF) ................................................................................... 55

8.4.1 General ......................................................................................................... 55

8.4.2 Assignment of unique system function ID (SFI) .............................................. 55

8.4.3 Implementing configurable transmission groups ............................................. 55

8.5 Serial to network gateway function (SNGF) ........................................................... 55

8.5.1 General ......................................................................................................... 55

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SIST EN IEC 61162-450:2018
– 4 – IEC 61162-450:2018 © IEC 2018

8.5.2 Serial line output buffer management ............................................................ 56

8.5.3 Datagram output ............................................................................................ 56

8.5.4 Datagram output multi SF serial port .............................................................. 56

8.5.5 Handling malformed data received on serial line ............................................ 57

8.6 Other network function (ONF) ............................................................................... 58

8.7 Low level network ................................................................................................. 59

8.7.1 Electrical and mechanical requirements ......................................................... 59

8.7.2 Network protocol............................................................................................ 59

8.7.3 IP address assignment for equipment ............................................................ 59

8.7.4 Multicast address range ................................................................................. 59

8.8 Transport layer ..................................................................................................... 59

8.9 Application layer ................................................................................................... 60

8.9.1 Application ..................................................................................................... 60

8.9.2 Datagram header ........................................................................................... 60

8.9.3 Types of messages ........................................................................................ 60

8.9.4 TAG block parameters ................................................................................... 60

8.9.5 General authentication ................................................................................... 61

8.10 Error logging ......................................................................................................... 62

8.11 Binary file transfer using UDP multicast – Single transmitter, multiple

receiver ................................................................................................................ 62

8.11.1 Sender process test ....................................................................................... 62

8.11.2 Receiver process test .................................................................................... 63

8.11.3 Binary file descriptor test ............................................................................... 64

8.11.4 Binary file transfer error logging ..................................................................... 64

8.11.5 Maximum outgoing rate ................................................................................. 65

8.12 PGN to network gateway function (PNGF)............................................................. 65

8.12.1 General ......................................................................................................... 65

8.12.2 Output buffer management ............................................................................ 65

8.12.3 Datagram output ............................................................................................ 65

8.12.4 PGN group .................................................................................................... 65

8.12.5 Address conflicts ........................................................................................... 65

8.13 System function ID resolution................................................................................ 65

8.14 Binary file transfer using TCP point-to-point .......................................................... 65

8.14.1 Test of transmit client .................................................................................... 66

8.14.2 Test of receiver server ................................................................................... 66

8.14.3 Maximum outgoing rate ................................................................................. 67

8.14.4 TCP port and IP addresses ............................................................................ 67

Annex A (normative) Classification of IEC 61162-1 talker identifier mnemonics and

sentences ............................................................................................................................. 68

A.1 General ................................................................................................................. 68

A.2 Talker identifier mnemonic to transmission group mapping ................................... 68

A.3 List of all sentence formatters and the sentence type ............................................ 70

Annex B (normative) TAG block definitions .......................................................................... 74

B.1 Validity .................................................................................................................. 74

B.2 Valid TAG block characters ................................................................................... 74

B.3 TAG block format .................................................................................................. 74

B.4 TAG block "hexadecimal checksum" (*hh) ............................................................. 75

B.5 TAG block "line" .................................................................................................... 75

B.6 TAG block parameter-code dictionary ................................................................... 76

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SIST EN IEC 61162-450:2018
IEC 61162-450:2018 © IEC 2018 – 5 –

Annex C (normative) Reliable transmission of command-response pair messages ............... 77

C.1 Purpose ................................................................................................................ 77

C.2 Information exchange examples ............................................................................ 77

C.3 Characteristics ...................................................................................................... 77

C.4 Requirements ....................................................................................................... 77

C.5 Data flow description ............................................................................................ 78

C.5.1 Heartbeat message ....................................................................................... 78

C.5.2 Command response pair ................................................................................ 78

Annex D (informative) Compatibility between IEC 61162-450 nodes based on
IEC 61162-450:2011 connected to network which uses methods based on IEC 61162-

450:2018 .............................................................................................................................. 79

D.1 General ................................................................................................................. 79

D.2 Alternative methods for compatibility ..................................................................... 79

D.2.1 Use of IGMP proxy node ................................................................................ 79

D.2.2 Use of virtual LAN (VLAN) ............................................................................. 79

D.2.3 Use of static multicast switch configuration .................................................... 80

Annex E (informative) Use of switch setup configuration to filter network traffic ................... 81

Annex F (normative) Sentence to support SFI collision detection ......................................... 82

F.1 General ................................................................................................................. 82

F.2 SRP – System function ID resolution protocol ....................................................... 82

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 83

Figure 1 – Network topology example ................................................................................... 15

Figure 2 – Ethernet frame example for a SBM from a rate of turn sensor .............................. 27

Figure 3 – Non re-transmittable sender process .................................................................... 40

Figure 4 – Re-transmittable sender process .......................................................................... 42

Figure 5 – Re-transmittable receive process ......................................................................... 44

Figure C.1 – Command response communications ................................................................ 77

Table 1 – Syslog message format ......................................................................................... 18

Table 2 – Syslog error message codes ................................................................................. 19

Table 3 – Interfaces, connectors and cables ......................................................................... 25

Table 4 – Destination multicast addresses and port numbers ................................................ 28

Table 5 – Destination multicast addresses and port numbers for binary data transfer............ 29

Table 6 – Destination multicast addresses and port numbers for other services .................... 29

Table 7 – Description of terms .............................................................................................

...

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