Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems - Class B shipborne equipment of the automatic identification system (AIS) - Part 1: Carrier-sense time division multiple access (CSTDMA) techniques

NEW!IEC 62287-1:2017 is available as IEC 62287-1:2017 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 62287-1:2017 specifies the minimum operational and performance requirements, methods of testing and required test results for Class B shipborne automatic identification system (AIS) equipment using carrier-sense time division multiple access (CSTDMA) techniques. This document takes into account other associated IEC International Standards and existing national standards, as applicable. It is applicable for AIS equipment used on craft that are not covered by the mandatory carriage requirement of AIS under SOLAS Chapter V. An AIS station intended to operate in receive-only mode is not considered a Class B shipborne mobile AIS station. This edition includes the following significant technical change with respect to the previous edition: in the synchronisation method, addition of a direct method for synchronisation from an internal UTC source.

Navigations- und Funkkommunikationsgeräte und -systeme für die Seeschifffahrt - Geräte der Klasse B des automatischen Identifikationssystems (AIS) für Schiffe - Teil 1: Zeitmultiplex-Vielfachzugriffstechniken mit Aktivitätserkennung (CSTDMA)

Matériels et systèmes de navigation et de radiocommunications maritimes - Transpondeur embarqué du système d'identification automatique (AIS) de classe B - Partie 1: Technique d'accès multiple par répartition dans le temps avec écoute de porteuse (CSTDMA)

NEW!IEC 62287-1:2017 est disponible sous forme de IEC 62287-1:2017 RLV qui contient la Norme internationale et sa version Redline, illustrant les modifications du contenu technique depuis l'édition précédente.

Pomorska navigacijska in radiokomunikacijska oprema in sistemi - Ladijska oprema razreda B samodejnega identifikacijskega sistema (AIS) - 1. del: Tehnike uporabniško občutljivega časovnega sodostopa (CSTDMA) (IEC 62287-1:2017)

Ta del standarda IEC 62287 določa minimalne zahteve za delovanje in zmogljivost, metode preskušanja ter zahtevane rezultate preskusov za ladijsko opremo razreda B samodejnega identifikacijskega sistema (AIS), ki uporablja tehnike uporabniško občutljivega časovnega sodostopa (CSTDMA). Ta dokument upošteva druge povezane mednarodne standarde IEC in obstoječe nacionalne standarde glede na ustreznost.
Uporablja se za opremo za samodejni identifikacijski sistem v uporabi na ladji, ki je ne zajema obvezna zahteva za prevoz za samodejne identifikacijske sisteme v 5. delu Mednarodne konvencije o varstvu človeškega življenja na morju. Postaja samodejnega identifikacijskega sistema, namenjena za delovanje samo v načinu za sprejemanje, se ne obravnava kot mobilna ladijska postaja razreda B samodejnega identifikacijskega sistema.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
27-Jul-2017
Current Stage
6060 - Document made available
Due Date
31-Oct-2017

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 62287-1:2017
01-oktober-2017
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SIST EN 62287-1:2011
SIST EN 62287-1:2011/A1:2014
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Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems - Class B

shipborne equipment of the automatic identification system (AIS) - Part 1: Carrier-sense

time division multiple access (CSTDMA) techniques (IEC 62287-1:2017)
Navigations- und Funkkommunikationsgeräte und -systeme für die Seeschifffahrt -

Geräte der Klasse B des automatischen Identifikationssystems (AIS) für Schiffe - Teil 1:

Zeitmultiplex-Vielfachzugriffstechniken mit Aktivitätserkennung (CSTDMA) (IEC 62287-

1:2017)
Matériels et systèmes de navigation et de radiocommunications maritimes -

Transpondeur embarqué du système d'identification automatique (AIS) de classe B -

Partie 1: Technique d'accès multiple par répartition dans le temps avec écoute de

porteuse (CSTDMA) (IEC 62287-1:2017)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 62287-1:2017
ICS:
47.020.70 Navigacijska in krmilna Navigation and control
oprema equipment
SIST EN 62287-1:2017 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 62287-1:2017
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 62287-1:2017
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 62287-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
July 2017
ICS 47.020.70 Supersedes EN 62287-1:2011
English Version
Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and
systems - Class B shipborne equipment of the automatic
identification system (AIS) - Part 1: Carrier-sense time division
multiple access (CSTDMA) techniques
(IEC 62287-1:2017)

Matériels et systèmes de navigation et de Navigations- und Funkkommunikationsgeräte und systeme

radiocommunications maritimes - Transpondeur embarqué für die Seeschifffahrt - Geräte der Klasse B des

du système d'identification automatique (AIS) de classe B - automatischen Identifikationssystems (AIS) für Schiffe -

Partie 1: Technique d'accès multiple par répartition dans le Teil 1: Zeitmultiplex-Vielfachzugriffstechniken mit

temps avec écoute de porteuse (CSTDMA) Aktivitätserkennung (CSTDMA)
(IEC 62287-1:2017) (IEC 62287-1:2017)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2017-05-10. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC

Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden,

Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2017 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN 62287-1:2017 E
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SIST EN 62287-1:2017
EN 62287-1:2017
European foreword

The text of document 80/837/FDIS, future edition 3 of IEC 62287-1, prepared by IEC/TC 80 "Maritime

navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems" was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC

parallel vote and approved by CENELEC as EN 62287-1:2017.
The following dates are fixed:
• latest date by which the document has to be implemented at (dop) 2018-02-10
national level by publication of an identical national
standard or by endorsement
• latest date by which the national standards conflicting with (dow) 2020-05-10
the document have to be withdrawn
This document supersedes EN 62287-1:2011.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CENELEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 62287-1:2017 was approved by CENELEC as a European

Standard without any modification.

In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards indicated:

IEC 61162-450 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61162-450.
ISO 9000 NOTE Harmonized as EN ISO 9000.
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 62287-1:2017
EN 62287-1:2017
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments)

applies.

NOTE 1 When an International Publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod),

the relevant EN/HD applies.

NOTE 2 Up-to-date information on the latest versions of the European Standards listed in this annex is

available here: www.cenelec.eu.
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
IEC 60945 2002 Maritime navigation and EN 60945 2002
radiocommunication equipment and
systems - General requirements -
Methods of testing and required test
results
IEC 61108 series Maritime navigation and EN 61108 series
radiocommunication equipment and
systems - Global navigation satellite
systems (GNSS)
IEC 61162-1 - Maritime navigation and EN 61162-1 -
radiocommunication equipment and
systems - Digital interfaces - Part 1:
Single talker and multiple listeners
IEC 61993-2 - Maritime navigation and EN 61993-2 -
radiocommunication equipment and
systems - Automatic Identification
Systems (AIS) - Part 2: Class A
shipborne equipment of the automatic
identification system (AIS) - Operational
and performance requirements,
methods of test and required test results
IEC 62320-1 - Maritime navigation and EN 62320-1 -
radiocommunication equipment and
systems - Automatic identification
system (AIS) - Part 1: AIS Base
Stations - Minimum operational and
performance requirements, methods of
testing and required test results
ITU-R - Digital selective-calling system for use in - -
Recommendation the maritime mobile service
M.493
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 62287-1:2017
EN 62287-1:2017
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
ITU-R 1998 Characteristics of a transponder system - -
Recommendation using digital selective calling techniques
M.825-3 for use with vessel traffic services and
ship-to-ship identification
ITU-R 2012 Interim solutions for improved efficiency - -
Recommendation in the use of the band 156-174 MHz by
M.1084-5 stations in the maritime mobile service
ITU-R 2014 Technical characteristics for an - -
Recommendation automatic identification system using
M.1371-5 time-division multiple access in the VHF
maritime mobile band
ITU Radio 2012 Radio Regulations - -
Regulations
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 62287-1:2017
IEC 62287-1
Edition 3.0 2017-04
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
colour
inside
Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems – Class B
shipborne equipment of the automatic identification system (AIS) –
Part 1: Carrier-sense time division multiple access (CSTDMA) techniques
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
ICS 47.020.70 ISBN 978-2-8322-4152-3

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
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SIST EN 62287-1:2017
– 2 – IEC 62287-1:2017  IEC 2017
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 8

INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................... 10

1 Scope ............................................................................................................................ 11

2 Normative references .................................................................................................... 11

3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms ...................................................................... 12

3.1 Terms and definitions ............................................................................................ 12

3.2 Abbreviated terms ................................................................................................. 12

4 General requirements .................................................................................................... 13

4.1 General ................................................................................................................. 13

4.1.1 Capabilities of the Class B "CS" AIS .............................................................. 13

4.1.2 Quality assurance .......................................................................................... 13

4.1.3 Safety of operation ........................................................................................ 14

4.1.4 Additional features ......................................................................................... 14

4.1.5 Modes of operation ........................................................................................ 14

4.2 Manuals ................................................................................................................ 15

4.3 Marking and identification ..................................................................................... 15

5 Environmental, power supply, interference and safety requirements .............................. 15

6 Performance requirements............................................................................................. 16

6.1 Composition .......................................................................................................... 16

6.2 Operating frequency channels ............................................................................... 16

6.3 GNSS receiver for position reporting ..................................................................... 16

6.4 Identification ......................................................................................................... 17

6.5 AIS information ..................................................................................................... 17

6.5.1 Information content ........................................................................................ 17

6.5.2 Information reporting intervals ....................................................................... 18

6.5.3 Permissible initialisation period ...................................................................... 18

6.6 Alarms and indications, fall-back arrangements .................................................... 18

6.6.1 Integrity and protection .................................................................................. 18

6.6.2 Transmitter shutdown procedure .................................................................... 19

6.6.3 Position sensor fallback conditions ................................................................ 19

6.6.4 SOG/COG sensor fallback conditions ............................................................ 20

6.7 User interface ....................................................................................................... 20

6.7.1 Indicators and display .................................................................................... 20

6.7.2 Static data input ............................................................................................ 20

6.7.3 External interfaces ......................................................................................... 20

6.8 Protection from invalid control commands ............................................................. 21

7 Technical requirements ................................................................................................. 21

7.1 General ................................................................................................................. 21

7.2 Physical layer ....................................................................................................... 22

7.2.1 General ......................................................................................................... 22

7.2.2 Transceiver characteristics ............................................................................ 22

7.2.3 Transmitter requirements ............................................................................... 24

7.2.4 Receiver requirements ................................................................................... 24

7.3 Link layer .............................................................................................................. 25

7.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 25

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IEC 62287-1:2017  IEC 2017 – 3 –

7.3.2 Link sublayer 1: Medium access control (MAC) .............................................. 25

7.3.3 Link sublayer 2: Data Link Service (DLS) ....................................................... 28

7.3.4 Link sublayer 3: Link management entity (LME) ............................................. 33

7.4 Network layer ........................................................................................................ 41

7.4.1 General ......................................................................................................... 41

7.4.2 Dual channel operation .................................................................................. 41

7.4.3 Channel management .................................................................................... 42

7.4.4 Distribution of transmission packets ............................................................... 42

7.4.5 Data link congestion resolution ...................................................................... 42

7.5 Transport layer ..................................................................................................... 42

7.5.1 General ......................................................................................................... 42

7.5.2 Transmission packets .................................................................................... 43

7.5.3 Sequencing of data packets ........................................................................... 43

7.6 Digital selective calling (DSC) ............................................................................... 43

8 Test conditions .............................................................................................................. 43

8.1 General ................................................................................................................. 43

8.2 Normal and extreme test conditions ...................................................................... 43

8.2.1 Normal test conditions ................................................................................... 43

8.2.2 Extreme test conditions ................................................................................. 43

8.3 Test signals .......................................................................................................... 43

8.3.1 Standard test signal number 1 ....................................................................... 44

8.3.2 Standard test signal number 2 ....................................................................... 44

8.3.3 Standard test signal number 3 ....................................................................... 44

8.3.4 Standard test signal number 4 ....................................................................... 44

8.3.5 Standard test signal number 5 ....................................................................... 44

8.4 Test arrangements ................................................................................................ 45

8.4.1 Standard test environment ............................................................................. 45

8.4.2 Modes of operation of the transmitter............................................................. 46

8.4.3 Common test conditions for protection from invalid controls ........................... 46

8.4.4 Measurement uncertainties ............................................................................ 46

9 Power supply, environmental and EMC tests ................................................................. 47

9.1 Test summary ....................................................................................................... 47

9.2 Vibration/shock ..................................................................................................... 49

9.2.1 Vibration ........................................................................................................ 49

9.2.2 Shock ............................................................................................................ 49

9.3 Performance tests/checks ..................................................................................... 49

9.4 Undervoltage test (brown out) ............................................................................... 50

9.4.1 Purpose ......................................................................................................... 50

9.4.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 50

9.4.3 Required result .............................................................................................. 50

10 Operational tests ........................................................................................................... 50

10.1 General ................................................................................................................. 50

10.1.1 Quality assurance .......................................................................................... 50

10.1.2 Safety of operation ........................................................................................ 50

10.1.3 Additional features ......................................................................................... 50

10.2 Modes of operation ............................................................................................... 51

10.2.1 Autonomous mode ......................................................................................... 51

10.2.2 Assigned mode .............................................................................................. 52

10.2.3 Polled mode/interrogation response ............................................................... 53

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SIST EN 62287-1:2017
– 4 – IEC 62287-1:2017  IEC 2017

10.3 Messages extending one time period .................................................................... 54

10.3.1 Method of measurement ................................................................................ 54

10.3.2 Required results ............................................................................................ 54

10.4 Channel selection ................................................................................................. 54

10.4.1 Valid channels ............................................................................................... 54

10.4.2 Invalid channels ............................................................................................. 54

10.5 Internal GNSS receiver ......................................................................................... 54

10.6 AIS information ..................................................................................................... 55

10.6.1 Information content ........................................................................................ 55

10.6.2 Information update rates ................................................................................ 56

10.7 Initialisation period ................................................................................................ 57

10.7.1 Method of measurement ................................................................................ 57

10.7.2 Required results ............................................................................................ 57

10.8 Alarms and indications, fall-back arrangements .................................................... 57

10.8.1 Built-in integrity test ....................................................................................... 57

10.8.2 Transceiver protection ................................................................................... 58

10.8.3 Transmitter shutdown procedure .................................................................... 58

10.8.4 Position sensor fallback conditions ................................................................ 58

10.8.5 Speed sensors ............................................................................................... 59

10.9 User interface ....................................................................................................... 59

10.9.1 Display .......................................................................................................... 59

10.9.2 Message display ............................................................................................ 59

10.9.3 Static data input ............................................................................................ 60

10.9.4 External interfaces ......................................................................................... 60

11 Physical tests ................................................................................................................ 60

11.1 TDMA transmitter .................................................................................................. 60

11.1.1 Frequency error ............................................................................................. 60

11.1.2 Carrier power ................................................................................................. 61

11.1.3 Transmission spectrum .................................................................................. 61

11.1.4 Modulation accuracy ...................................................................................... 62

11.1.5 Transmitter output power versus time function ............................................... 63

11.2 TDMA receivers .................................................................................................... 64

11.2.1 Sensitivity ...................................................................................................... 64

11.2.2 Error behaviour at high input levels................................................................ 65

11.2.3 Co-channel rejection ...................................................................................... 65

11.2.4 Adjacent channel selectivity ........................................................................... 66

11.2.5 Spurious response rejection .......................................................................... 67

11.2.6 Intermodulation response rejection ................................................................ 69

11.2.7 Blocking or desensitisation ............................................................................ 70

11.3 Conducted spurious emissions .............................................................................. 71

11.3.1 Spurious emissions from the receiver ............................................................ 71

11.3.2 Spurious emissions from the transmitter ........................................................ 72

12 Specific tests of link layer .............................................................................................. 72

12.1 TDMA synchronisation .......................................................................................... 72

12.1.1 Synchronisation test sync mode 1 .................................................................. 72

12.1.2 Synchronisation test sync mode 2 .................................................................. 73

12.1.3 Synchronisation test with UTC ....................................................................... 74

12.2 Carrier-sense tests ............................................................................................... 74

12.2.1 Threshold level .............................................................................................. 74

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SIST EN 62287-1:2017
IEC 62287-1:2017  IEC 2017 – 5 –

12.2.2 Carrier-sense timing ...................................................................................... 75

12.3 VDL state/reservations .......................................................................................... 76

12.3.1 Method of measurement ................................................................................ 76

12.3.2 Required results ............................................................................................ 76

12.4 Data encoding (bit stuffing) ................................................................................... 76

12.4.1 Method of measurement ................................................................................ 76

12.4.2 Required results ............................................................................................ 76

12.5 Frame check sequence ......................................................................................... 76

12.5.1 Method of measurement ................................................................................ 76

12.5.2 Required results ............................................................................................ 76

12.6 Slot allocation (channel access protocol) .............................................................. 77

12.6.1 Autonomous mode allocation ......................................................................... 77

12.6.2 DSC listening periods .................................................................................... 77

12.7 Assigned operation ............................................................................................... 77

12.7.1 Assignment priority ........................................................................................ 77

12.7.2 Entering rate assignment ............................................................................... 78

12.7.3 Reverting from rate assignment ..................................................................... 78

12.7.4 Reverting from quiet mode ............................................................................. 78

12.7.5 Retry of interrogation response ...................................................................... 78

12.8 Message formats .................................................................................................. 79

12.8.1 Received messages ....................................................................................... 79

12.8.2 Transmitted messages ................................................................................... 79

13 Specific tests of network layer ....................................................................................... 79

13.1 Regional area designation by VDL message ......................................................... 79

13.1.1 Method of measurement ................................................................................ 79

13.1.2 Required results ............................................................................................ 80

13.2 Regional area designation by serial message or manually .................................... 80

13.2.1 Method of measurement ................................................................................ 80

13.2.2 Required result .............................................................................................. 80

13.3 Management of received regional operating settings ............................................. 80

13.3.1 Replacement or erasure of dated or remote regional operating settings ......... 80

13.3.2 Channel manageme
...

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