Fuel cell technologies - Part 8-102: Energy storage systems using fuel cell modules in reverse mode - Test procedures for the performance of single cells and stacks with proton exchange membranes, including reversible operation

IEC 62282-8-102:2019 deals with PEM cell/stack assembly units, testing systems, instruments and measuring methods, and test methods to test the performance of PEM cells and stacks in fuel cell mode, electrolysis and/or reversible mode.

Brennstoffzellentechnologien – Teil 8-102: Energiespeichersysteme mit Brennstoffzellenmodulen im reversiblen Betrieb – Prüfverfahren zum Leistungsverhalten von Einzelzellen und Stacks mit Protonen-Austausch-Membranen einschließlich reversiblem Betrieb

Technologies des piles à combustible - Partie 8-102: Systèmes de stockage de l'énergie utilisant des modules à piles à combustible en mode inversé - Procédures d'essai pour la performance des cellules élémentaires et des piles à membrane échangeuse de protons, comprenant le fonctionnement réversible

IEC 62282-8-102:2019 traite des entités d'assemblage de cellules/piles à membrane échangeuse de protons (PEM – proton exchange membrane), des systèmes d'essai, des instruments et méthodes de mesure, ainsi que des méthodes d'essai destinées à vérifier la performance des cellules et piles à membrane échangeuse de protons en mode pile à combustible, électrolyse et/ou réversible.

Tehnologija gorivnih celic - 8-102. del: Sistemi za shranjevanje energije, ki uporabljajo module gorivnih celic z delovanjem v obrnjeni smeri - Preskusni postopki za delovanje posameznih celic in skladišča protonske izmenjevalne membrane, vključno z obrnjenim delovanjem (IEC 62282-8-102:2019)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
05-Mar-2020
Drafting Committee
Current Stage
6060 - Document made available
Due Date
06-Mar-2020
Completion Date
06-Mar-2020

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN IEC 62282-8-102:2020
01-maj-2020
Tehnologija gorivnih celic - 8-102. del: Sistemi za shranjevanje energije, ki
uporabljajo module gorivnih celic z delovanjem v obrnjeni smeri - Preskusni
postopki za delovanje posameznih celic in skladišča protonske izmenjevalne
membrane, vključno z obrnjenim delovanjem (IEC 62282-8-102:2019)

Fuel cell technologies - Part 8-102: Energy storage systems using fuel cell modules in

reverse mode - Test procedures for the performance of single cells and stacks with

proton exchange membranes, including reversible operation (IEC 62282-8-102:2019)
Brennstoffzellentechnologien - Teil 8-102: Energiespeichersysteme mit

Brennstoffzellenmodulen im Umkehrbetrieb – Prüfverfahren zum Leistungsverhalten von

Einzelzellen und Stacks mit Protonen-Austausch-Membran, einschließlich
Umkehrbetrieb (IEC 62282-8-102:2019)

Technologies des piles à combustible - Partie 8-102: Systèmes de stockage de l'énergie

utilisant des modules à piles à combustible en mode inversé - Procédures d'essai pour la

performance des cellules élémentaires et des piles à membrane échangeuse de protons,

comprenant le fonctionnement réversible (IEC 62282-8-102:2019)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN IEC 62282-8:2020
ICS:
27.070 Gorilne celice Fuel cells
SIST EN IEC 62282-8-102:2020 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN IEC 62282-8-102:2020
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 62282-8-102:2020
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN IEC 62282-8-102
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
March 2020
ICS 27.070
English Version
Fuel cell technologies - Part 8-102: Energy storage systems
using fuel cell modules in reverse mode - Test procedures for
the performance of single cells and stacks with proton exchange
membranes, including reversible operation
(IEC 62282-8-102:2019)

Technologies des piles à combustible - Partie 8-102: Brennstoffzellentechnologien - Teil 8-102:

Systèmes de stockage de l'énergie utilisant des modules à Energiespeichersysteme mit Brennstoffzellenmodulen im

piles à combustible en mode inversé - Procédures d'essai Umkehrbetrieb - Prüfverfahren zum Leistungsverhalten von

pour la performance des cellules élémentaires et des piles Einzelzellen und Stacks mit Protonen-Austausch-Membran

à membrane échangeuse de protons, comprenant le einschließlich Umkehrbetrieb
fonctionnement réversible (IEC 62282-8-102:2019)
(IEC 62282-8-102:2019)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2020-01-17. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC

Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN IEC 62282-8-102:2020 E
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SIST EN IEC 62282-8-102:2020
EN IEC 62282-8-102:2020 (E)
European foreword

The text of document 105/763/FDIS, future edition 1 of IEC 62282-8-102, prepared by IEC/TC 105

"Fuel cell technologies" was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC parallel vote and approved by CENELEC

as EN IEC 62282-8-102:2020.
The following dates are fixed:

• latest date by which the document has to be implemented at national (dop) 2020-10-17

level by publication of an identical national standard or by endorsement

• latest date by which the national standards conflicting with the (dow) 2023-01-17

document have to be withdrawn

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CENELEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 62282-8-102:2019 was approved by CENELEC as a

European Standard without any modification.

In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards

indicated:
IEC 62282-8-101 NOTE Harmonized as EN IEC 62282-8-101
IEC 62282-8-201 NOTE Harmonized as EN IEC 62282-8-201
To be published. Stage at the time of publication: FprEN IEC 62282-8-101:2019.
To be published. Stage at the time of publication: FprEN IEC 62282-8-201:2019.
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SIST EN IEC 62282-8-102:2020
EN IEC 62282-8-102:2020 (E)
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments)

applies.

NOTE 1 Where an International Publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant

EN/HD applies.

NOTE 2 Up-to-date information on the latest versions of the European Standards listed in this annex is available here:

www.cenelec.eu.
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
IEC 60050-485 2020 International Electrotechnical Vocabulary - - -
Part 485: Fuel cell technologies
IEC/TS 62282-7-1 2017 Fuel cell technologies - Part 7-1: Test methods - -
- Single cell performance tests for polymer
electrolyte fuel cells (PEMFC)
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SIST EN IEC 62282-8-102:2020
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SIST EN IEC 62282-8-102:2020
IEC 62282-8-102
Edition 1.0 2019-12
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
colour
inside
Fuel cell technologies –
Part 8-102: Energy storage systems using fuel cell modules in reverse mode –
Test procedures for the performance of single cells and stacks with proton
exchange membranes, including reversible operation
Technologies des piles a combustible –
Partie 8-102: Systèmes de stockage de l'énergie utilisant des modules à
piles à combustible en mode inversé – Procédures d'essai pour la
performance des cellules élémentaires et des piles à membrane
échangeuse de protons, comprenant le fonctionnement réversible
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
INTERNATIONALE
ICS 27.070 ISBN 978-2-8322-7675-4

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 62282-8-102:2020
– 2 – IEC 62282-8-102:2019  IEC 2019
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 5

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 7

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 8

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................... 8

3 Terms, definitions and symbols ....................................................................................... 8

3.1 Terms and definitions.............................................................................................. 8

3.2 Symbols ................................................................................................................ 13

3.3 Standard temperature and pressure (STP) values for gas temperature and

pressure ............................................................................................................... 15

4 General safety considerations ....................................................................................... 15

5 Test environment ........................................................................................................... 16

5.1 General ................................................................................................................. 16

5.2 Reversible PEM cell/stack assembly unit .............................................................. 17

5.3 Separated reversible PEM cell/stack assembly unit ............................................... 17

5.4 Experimental set-up .............................................................................................. 17

5.4.1 General ......................................................................................................... 17

5.4.2 Fluid flow control equipment .......................................................................... 18

5.4.3 Load/power control equipment ....................................................................... 18

5.4.4 Measurement and data acquisition equipment ............................................... 18

5.4.5 Safety equipment ........................................................................................... 19

5.4.6 Mechanical load control equipment ................................................................ 19

5.4.7 Heat management equipment ........................................................................ 19

5.4.8 Gas pressure control equipment .................................................................... 19

5.4.9 Test system control equipment ...................................................................... 19

5.5 Parameter control and measurement .................................................................... 19

5.6 Measurement methods of TIPs and TOPs and control accuracy ............................ 20

6 Measurement instruments and measurement methods ................................................... 20

6.1 Instrument uncertainty .......................................................................................... 20

6.2 Recommended measurement instruments and methods ........................................ 21

6.2.1 General ......................................................................................................... 21

6.2.2 Voltage .......................................................................................................... 21

6.2.3 Current .......................................................................................................... 21

6.2.4 Internal resistance (IR) .................................................................................. 21

6.2.5 Electrode gas flow rates ................................................................................ 22

6.2.6 Electrode gas temperature ............................................................................. 22

6.2.7 Cell/stack temperature ................................................................................... 23

6.2.8 Electrode gas pressures ................................................................................ 23

6.2.9 Electrode gas humidity .................................................................................. 23

6.2.10 Ambient conditions ........................................................................................ 23

6.3 Reference test conditions and manufacturer recommendations ............................. 24

6.3.1 Start-up and shut-down conditions ................................................................. 24

6.3.2 Range of test conditions ................................................................................ 24

6.3.3 Stabilization, initialization conditions and stable state .................................... 24

6.4 Data acquisition method........................................................................................ 24

7 Test procedures and computation of results .................................................................. 25

7.1 General ................................................................................................................. 25

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SIST EN IEC 62282-8-102:2020
IEC 62282-8-102:2019  IEC 2019 – 3 –

7.2 Current-voltage (I-V) characteristics test ............................................................... 25

7.2.1 Objective ....................................................................................................... 25

7.2.2 Test method .................................................................................................. 25

7.2.3 Data post-processing ..................................................................................... 25

7.3 Steady-state test ................................................................................................... 26

7.3.1 Objective ....................................................................................................... 26

7.3.2 Test methods ................................................................................................. 26

7.3.3 Data post-processing ..................................................................................... 26

7.4 Durability test........................................................................................................ 26

7.4.1 Objective ....................................................................................................... 26

7.4.2 Test method .................................................................................................. 26

7.4.3 Data post-processing ..................................................................................... 26

7.5 Internal resistance (IR) measurement ................................................................... 27

7.5.1 Objective ....................................................................................................... 27

7.5.2 Test methods ................................................................................................. 27

7.5.3 Data post processing ..................................................................................... 28

7.6 Current cycling durability test ................................................................................ 28

7.6.1 Objective ....................................................................................................... 28

7.6.2 Test method .................................................................................................. 28

7.6.3 Data post-processing ..................................................................................... 28

7.7 Pressurized test .................................................................................................... 29

7.7.1 Objective ....................................................................................................... 29

7.7.2 Test method .................................................................................................. 29

7.7.3 Data post-processing ..................................................................................... 29

8 Test report ..................................................................................................................... 29

8.1 General ................................................................................................................. 29

8.2 Report items ......................................................................................................... 29

8.3 Test unit data description ...................................................................................... 30

8.4 Test condition description ..................................................................................... 30

8.5 Test data description ............................................................................................ 30

8.6 Uncertainty evaluation .......................................................................................... 30

Annex A (normative) Test procedure guidelines ................................................................... 31

A.1 Test objective ....................................................................................................... 31

A.2 Test set-up ........................................................................................................... 31

A.3 Current-voltage characteristics test (7.2) .............................................................. 31

A.3.1 Test input parameters (TIPs) ......................................................................... 31

A.3.2 Test output parameters (TOPs) ...................................................................... 32

A.3.3 Derived quantities .......................................................................................... 32

A.4 Steady-state test (7.3) .......................................................................................... 33

A.4.1 Test input parameters (TIPs) ......................................................................... 33

A.4.2 Test output parameters (TOPs) ...................................................................... 34

A.4.3 Derived quantities .......................................................................................... 34

A.5 Durability test (7.4) ............................................................................................... 35

A.5.1 Test input parameters (TIPs) ......................................................................... 35

A.5.2 Test output parameters (TOPs) ...................................................................... 35

A.5.3 Derived quantities .......................................................................................... 36

A.5.4 Measurement of durability.............................................................................. 36

A.6 Current cycling durability test ................................................................................ 37

A.6.1 Test input parameters (TIPs) ......................................................................... 37

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SIST EN IEC 62282-8-102:2020
– 4 – IEC 62282-8-102:2019  IEC 2019

A.6.2 Test output parameters (TOPs) ...................................................................... 37

A.6.3 Derived quantities .......................................................................................... 38

A.6.4 Measurement of current cycling durability ...................................................... 38

A.7 Pressurized test .................................................................................................... 39

A.7.1 Test input parameters (TIPs) ......................................................................... 39

A.7.2 Test output parameters (TOPs) ...................................................................... 39

A.7.3 Derived quantities .......................................................................................... 39

A.7.4 Measurement of pressurized test ................................................................... 40

Annex B (normative) Formulary............................................................................................ 41

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 42

Figure 1 – Schematic representation of a reversible PEM cell/stack assembly unit ............... 17

Figure 2 – Schematic representation of a separate reversible PEM cell/stack assembly unit . 17

Figure 3 – Schematic graph of a test environment for a PEM cell/stack assembly unit .......... 18

Figure 4 – Schematic diagram of PEM cell impedance .......................................................... 22

Table 1 – Symbols ................................................................................................................ 14

Table 2 – Instrument uncertainty for each quantity to be measured ....................................... 20

Table A.1 – Test input parameters (TIPs) for current-voltage characteristics test .................. 32

Table A.2 – Test output parameters (TOPs) for current-voltage characteristics test .............. 32

Table A.3 – Derived quantities for current-voltage characteristics test .................................. 33

Table A.4 – Test input parameters (TIPs) for steady state test .............................................. 33

Table A.5 – Test output parameters (TOPs) for steady state test .......................................... 34

Table A.6 – Derived quantities for steady state test .............................................................. 34

Table A.7 – Test input parameters (TIPs) for durability test ................................................... 35

Table A.8 – Test output parameters (TOPs) for durability test ............................................... 36

Table A.9 – Derived quantities for constant load durability test ............................................. 36

Table A.10 – Test input parameters (TIPs) for current cycling durability test within a

single operating mode (fuel cell or electrolysis) ..................................................................... 37

Table A.11 – Test input parameters (TIPs) for current cycling durability test covering

both operating modes (fuel cell and electrolysis) ................................................................... 37

Table A.12 – Test output parameters (TOPs) for current cycling durability test ..................... 38

Table A.13 – Derived quantities for current cycling durability test.......................................... 38

Table A.14 – Test input parameters (TIPs) for pressurized testing ........................................ 39

Table A.15 – Test output parameters (TOPs) for pressurized testing .................................... 39

Table A.16 – Derived quantities for pressurized test ............................................................. 39

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SIST EN IEC 62282-8-102:2020
IEC 62282-8-102:2019  IEC 2019 – 5 –
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES –
Part 8-102: Energy storage systems using fuel cell modules in reverse
mode – Test procedures for the performance of single cells and stacks
with proton exchange membranes, including reversible operation
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,

Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as "IEC

Publication(s)"). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested

in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-

governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely

with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by

agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

misinterpretation by any end user.

4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications

transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence

between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in

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5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformity

assessment services and, in some areas, access to IEC marks of conformity. IEC is not responsible for any

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6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or

other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC

Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 62282-8-102 has been prepared by IEC technical committee 105:

Fuel cell technologies.
The text of this International Standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
105/763/FDIS 105/776/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this International Standard can be found in

the report on voting indicated in the above table.

This document has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

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SIST EN IEC 62282-8-102:2020
– 6 – IEC 62282-8-102:2019  IEC 2019

A list of all parts in the IEC 62282 series, published under the general title Fuel cell

technologies, can be found on the IEC website.

The committee has decided that the contents of this document will remain unchanged until the

stability date indicated on the IEC website under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data related to

the specific document. At this date, the document will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.

IMPORTANT – The 'colour inside' logo on the cover page of this publication indicates

that it contains colours which are considered to be useful for the correct

understanding of its contents. Users should therefore print this document using a

colour printer.
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SIST EN IEC 62282-8-102:2020
IEC 62282-8-102:2019  IEC 2019 – 7 –
INTRODUCTION

This part of IEC 62282 describes test methods for a single cell and stack (denoted as

"cell/stack" hereafter) that are intended for use in energy storage systems that use proton

exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC) in combination with proton exchange membrane

water electrolysers (PEMWE), or directly using proton exchange membrane cells (Re-PEM).

This document is intended to be used for data exchanges in commercial transactions between

cell/stack manufacturers and system developers or for acquiring data on a cell or stack in

order to estimate the performance of a system based on it. Users of this document can

selectively execute test items suitable for their purposes from those described in this

document.
PEMFCs, PEMWEs and Re-PEMs have a broad range of geometry and size. As such, in

general, peripherals like current collectors and gas manifolds are unique to each cell or stack

and are often incorporated into a cell or stack to form one integrated unit. In addition, they

tend to have a significant effect on the power generation characteristics of the cell or stack.

This document therefore introduces as its subject "cell/stack assembly unit", which are

defined as those units containing not only a cell
...

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