Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems - Class B shipborne equipment of the automatic identification system (AIS) - Part 2: Self-organising time division multiple access (SOTDMA) techniques

IEC 62287-2:2017(E) specifies operational and performance requirements, methods of testing and required test results for Class B "SO" shipborne automatic identifications system (AIS) equipment using self-organising time division multiple access (SOTDMA) techniques as described in Recommendation ITU-R M.1371. This document takes into account other associated IEC International Standards and existing national standards, as applicable. This edition includes the following significant technical change with respect to the previous edition: the introduction of transmission of Message 27 on channels 75 and 76 for the long range application by broadcast.

Navigations- und Funkkommunikationsgeräte und -systeme für die Seeschifffahrt - Geräte der Klasse B des automatischen Identifikationssystems (AIS) für Schiffe - Teil 2: Sich selbst abstimmende Zeitmehrfachzugriffstechniken (SOTDMA)

Matériels et systèmes de navigation et de radiocommunications maritimes - Transpondeur embarqué du système d'identification automatique (AIS) de classe B - Partie 2: Technique d'accès multiple par répartition dans le temps auto-adaptatif (SOTDMA)

L’IEC 62287-2:2017 spécifie les exigences opérationnelles et de performance, les méthodes d’essai et les résultats d’essai exigés pour le transpondeur embarqué du système d’identification automatique (AIS) "AO" de classe B utilisant les techniques d’accès multiple par répartition dans le temps auto-organisé (AMRTAO) telles qu’elles sont décrites dans la Recommandation UIT-R M.1371. Le présent document prend en compte d’autres Normes internationales IEC associées et des normes nationales existantes, selon le cas.

Pomorska navigacijska in radiokomunikacijska oprema in sistemi - Ladijska oprema razreda B avtomatičnega identifikacijskega sistema (AIS) - 2. del: Tehnike samoorganiziranega časovno porazdeljenega sodostopa (SOTDMA) (IEC 62287-2:2017)

Ta del standarda IEC 62287 določa zahteve za delovanje in zmogljivost, metode preskušanja ter zahtevane rezultate preskusov za ladijsko opremo razreda B avtomatičnega identifikacijskega sistema »SO« (AIS), ki uporablja tehnike samoorganiziranega časovno porazdeljenega sodostopa (SOTDMA), kakor so opisane v priporočilu ITU-R M.1371. Ta dokument upošteva druge povezane mednarodne standarde IEC in obstoječe nacionalne standarde, kakor je primerno.
Glavna razlika med enotami razreda B »CS« (IEC 62287-1) in »SO« je, da razred B »SO«:
• zajema vse 25-kHz kanale, navedene v priporočilu ITU-R M.1084-5,
• uporablja samo notranji GNSS – vhod senzorja položaja ni dovoljen,
• predvideva uporabo VDL Message 17 za popravek notranjega GNSS,
• zahteva predstavitveni vmesnik,
• vključuje dodatne intervale poročanja – najmanj 5 s,
• omogoča dve nastavitvi napajanja, pri čemer je višja 5 W, in
• omogoča zmogljivost prenosa binarnih sporočil.
Ta dokument za vso opremo avtomatičnega identifikacijskega sistema v uporabi na ladji, ki je ne zajema obvezna zahteva za prevoz za avtomatične identifikacijske sisteme v 5. delu Mednarodne konvencije o varstvu človeškega življenja na morju.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
11-May-2017
Current Stage
6060 - Document made available
Due Date
31-Oct-2017

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 62287-2:2017
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SIST EN 62287-2:2013
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Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems - Class B

shipborne equipment of the automatic identification system (AIS) - Part 2: Self-organising

time division multiple access (SOTDMA) techniques (IEC 62287-2:2017)
Navigations- und Funkkommunikationsgeräte und -systeme für die Seeschifffahrt –

Geräte der Klasse B des automatischen Identifikationssystems (AIS) für Schiffe – Teil 2:

Sich selbst abstimmende Zeitmultiplex-Vielfachzugriffstechniken (SOTDMA) (IEC 62287-

2:2017)
Matériels et systèmes de navigation et de radiocommunications maritimes -

Transpondeur embarqué du système d'identification automatique (AIS) de classe B -

Partie 2: Technique d'accès multiple par répartition dans le temps auto-adaptatif

(SOTDMA) (IEC 62287-2:2017)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 62287-2:2017
ICS:
47.020.70 Navigacijska in krmilna Navigation and control
oprema equipment
SIST EN 62287-2:2017 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 62287-2:2017
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SIST EN 62287-2:2017
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 62287-2
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
May 2017
ICS 47.020.70 Supersedes EN 62287-2:2013
English Version
Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and
systems - Class B shipborne equipment of the automatic
identification system (AIS) - Part 2: Self-organising time division
multiple access (SOTDMA) techniques
(IEC 62287-2:2017)

Matériels et systèmes de navigation et de Navigations- und Funkkommunikationsgeräte und -systeme

radiocommunications maritimes - Transpondeur embarqué für die Seeschifffahrt - Geräte der Klasse B des

du système d'identification automatique (AIS) de classe B - automatischen Identifikationssystems (AIS) für Schiffe - Teil

Partie 2: Technique d'accès multiple par répartition dans le 2: Sich selbst abstimmende Zeitmultiplex-

temps auto-adaptatif (SOTDMA) Vielfachzugriffstechniken (SOTDMA)
(IEC 62287-2:2017) (IEC 62287-2:2017)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2017-03-14. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC

Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden,

Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2017 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN 62287-2:2017 E
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 62287-2:2017
EN 62287-2:2017
European foreword

The text of document 80/827/FDIS, future edition 2 of IEC 62287-2, prepared by IEC/TC 80 "Maritime

navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems" was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC

parallel vote and approved by CENELEC as EN 62287-2:2017.
The following dates are fixed:
(dop) 2017-12-14
• latest date by which the document has to be
implemented at national level by
publication of an identical national
standard or by endorsement
• latest date by which the national (dow) 2020-03-14
standards conflicting with the
document have to be withdrawn
This document supersedes EN 62287-2:2013.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CENELEC [and/or CEN] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such

patent rights.
Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 62287-2:2017 was approved by CENELEC as a European

Standard without any modification.

In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards indicated:

IEC 61162-3:2008 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61162-3:2008.
IEC 61162-3:2008/AMD1:2010 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61162-3:2008/A1:2010.
IEC 61162-3:2008/AMD2:2014 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61162-3:2008/A2:2014.
IEC 61924-2:2012 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61924-2:2012.
IEC 62287-1 NOTE Harmonized as EN 62287-1.
ISO 9000 (Series) NOTE Harmonized as EN ISO 9000 (Series).
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 62287-2:2017
EN 62287-2:2017
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE 1 When an International Publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant

EN/HD applies.

NOTE 2 Up-to-date information on the latest versions of the European Standards listed in this annex is available here:

www.cenelec.eu.
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
IEC 60945 2002 Maritime navigation and EN 60945 2002
radiocommunication equipment and
systems - General requirements - Methods
of testing and required test results
IEC 61108 series Maritime navigation and EN 61108 series
radiocommunication equipment and
systems - Global navigation satellite
systems (GNSS)
IEC 61108-4 - Maritime navigation and EN 61108-4 -
radiocommunication equipment and
systems - Global navigation satellite
systems (GNSS) - Part 4: Shipborne
DGPS and DGLONASS maritime radio
beacon receiver equipment - Performance
requirements, methods of testing and
required test results
IEC 61162-1 - Maritime navigation and EN 61162-1 -
radiocommunication equipment and
systems - Digital interfaces - Part 1: Single
talker and multiple listeners
IEC 61993-2 - Maritime navigation and EN 61993-2 -
radiocommunication equipment and
systems - Automatic Identification Systems
(AIS) - Part 2: Class A shipborne
equipment of the automatic identification
system (AIS) - Operational and
performance requirements, methods of test
and required test results
ITU Radio - Radio Regulations - Volume 1: Articles - -
regulations, Vol 1
ITU-R - Interim solutions for improved efficiency in - -
Recommendation the use of the band 156-174 MHz by
M.1084-5 stations in the maritime mobile service
ITU-R - Technical characteristics for an automatic - -
Recommendation identification system using time-division
M.1371-5 multiple access in the VHF maritime mobile
band
ITU-R - Characteristics of a transponder system - -
Recommendation using digital selective calling techniques for
M.825-3 use with vessel traffic services and ship-to-
ship identification
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SIST EN 62287-2:2017
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SIST EN 62287-2:2017
IEC 62287-2
Edition 2.0 2017-02
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
colour
inside
Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems – Class B
shipborne equipment of the automatic identification system (AIS) –
Part 2: Self-organising time division multiple access (SOTDMA) techniques
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
ICS 47.020.70 ISBN 978-2-8322-3906-3

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 62287-2:2017
– 2 – IEC 62287-2:2017 © IEC 2017
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 8

1 Scope ............................................................................................................................ 10

2 Normative references .................................................................................................... 10

3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms ...................................................................... 11

3.1 Terms and definitions ............................................................................................ 11

3.2 Abbreviated terms ................................................................................................. 11

4 General requirements .................................................................................................... 12

4.1 General ................................................................................................................. 12

4.1.1 Capabilities of the Class B "SO" AIS .............................................................. 12

4.1.2 Quality assurance .......................................................................................... 12

4.1.3 Safety of operation ........................................................................................ 13

4.1.4 Additional features ......................................................................................... 13

4.1.5 Functionality .................................................................................................. 13

4.2 Manuals ................................................................................................................ 13

4.3 Marking and identification ..................................................................................... 13

5 Environmental, power supply, interference and safety requirements .............................. 13

6 Performance requirements............................................................................................. 14

6.1 Internal processes ................................................................................................ 14

6.2 Operating frequency channels ............................................................................... 15

6.3 Internal GNSS receiver for position reporting ........................................................ 15

6.4 Identification ......................................................................................................... 15

6.5 AIS Information ..................................................................................................... 15

6.5.1 Information content ........................................................................................ 15

6.5.2 Information reporting intervals ....................................................................... 16

6.5.3 Short safety-related messages ...................................................................... 17

6.5.4 Permissible initialisation period ...................................................................... 17

6.6 Alarms and indications, fall-back arrangements .................................................... 17

6.6.1 Built-in integrity tests (BIIT) ........................................................................... 17

6.6.2 Transmitter shutdown procedure .................................................................... 18

6.6.3 Position sensor fallback conditions ................................................................ 19

6.7 User interface ....................................................................................................... 19

6.7.1 Indication and display .................................................................................... 19

6.7.2 Static data input ............................................................................................ 20

6.7.3 External interfaces ......................................................................................... 20

6.8 Protection from invalid control commands ............................................................. 20

7 Technical requirements ................................................................................................. 20

7.1 General ................................................................................................................. 20

7.2 Physical layer ....................................................................................................... 21

7.2.1 General ......................................................................................................... 21

7.2.2 Receiver characteristics................................................................................. 21

7.2.3 Other characteristics ...................................................................................... 22

7.2.4 Transmitter requirements ............................................................................... 23

7.3 Link layer .............................................................................................................. 24

7.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 24

7.3.2 Link sub-layer 1: medium access control (MAC)............................................. 24

7.3.3 Link sub-layer 2: data link service (DLS) ........................................................ 26

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SIST EN 62287-2:2017
IEC 62287-2:2017 © IEC 2017 – 3 –

7.3.4 Link sub-layer 3: link management entity (LME) ............................................. 26

7.4 Network layer ........................................................................................................ 30

7.4.1 General ......................................................................................................... 30

7.4.2 Management of regional operating settings .................................................... 30

7.4.3 Multi-channel operation ................................................................................. 31

7.5 Transport layer ..................................................................................................... 31

7.6 Presentation interface ........................................................................................... 32

7.7 DSC receive capability .......................................................................................... 32

7.8 Long-range application by broadcast ..................................................................... 32

8 Test conditions .............................................................................................................. 32

8.1 General ................................................................................................................. 32

8.2 Normal test conditions .......................................................................................... 32

8.2.1 Temperature and humidity ............................................................................. 32

8.2.2 Power supply ................................................................................................. 33

8.3 Extreme test conditions ......................................................................................... 33

8.4 Test signals .......................................................................................................... 33

8.4.1 Standard test signal number 1 ....................................................................... 33

8.4.2 Standard test signal number 2 ....................................................................... 33

8.4.3 Standard test signal number 3 ....................................................................... 33

8.4.4 Standard test signal number 4 ....................................................................... 33

8.5 Standard test environment .................................................................................... 34

8.5.1 Test setup ..................................................................................................... 34

8.5.2 Sensor test input ........................................................................................... 35

8.5.3 Synchronisation ............................................................................................. 35

8.5.4 Test signals applied to the receiver input ....................................................... 35

8.5.5 Waiver for receivers ....................................................................................... 35

8.5.6 Artificial antenna (dummy load) ..................................................................... 35

8.5.7 Modes of operation of the transmitter............................................................. 35

8.5.8 Common test conditions for protection from invalid controls ........................... 35

8.5.9 Measurement uncertainties ............................................................................ 35

9 Power supply, environmental and EMC tests ................................................................. 36

9.1 Test summary ....................................................................................................... 36

9.2 Vibration ............................................................................................................... 37

9.2.1 Purpose ......................................................................................................... 37

9.2.2 Method of measurement ................................................................................ 37

9.2.3 Required results ............................................................................................ 38

9.3 Shock ................................................................................................................... 38

9.3.1 Purpose ......................................................................................................... 38

9.3.2 Method of measurement ................................................................................ 38

9.3.3 Required result .............................................................................................. 38

9.4 Performance tests/checks ..................................................................................... 38

9.5 Under voltage test (brown out) .............................................................................. 38

9.5.1 Purpose ......................................................................................................... 38

9.5.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 38

9.5.3 Required result .............................................................................................. 39

9.6 Under voltage test (short term) ............................................................................. 39

9.6.1 Purpose ......................................................................................................... 39

9.6.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 39

9.6.3 Required result .............................................................................................. 39

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SIST EN 62287-2:2017
– 4 – IEC 62287-2:2017 © IEC 2017

10 Operational tests ........................................................................................................... 39

10.1 General ................................................................................................................. 39

10.1.1 Tests by inspection ........................................................................................ 39

10.1.2 Safety of operation ........................................................................................ 39

10.1.3 Additional features ......................................................................................... 40

10.2 Modes of operation ............................................................................................... 40

10.2.1 Autonomous mode ......................................................................................... 40

10.2.2 Single messages ........................................................................................... 42

10.2.3 Polled mode and interrogation response ........................................................ 45

10.3 Channel selection ................................................................................................. 45

10.3.1 Valid channels ............................................................................................... 46

10.3.2 Invalid channels ............................................................................................. 46

10.4 Internal GNSS receiver ......................................................................................... 46

10.5 AIS information ..................................................................................................... 46

10.5.1 Information content ........................................................................................ 46

10.5.2 Information update intervals .......................................................................... 47

10.6 Initialisation period ................................................................................................ 49

10.6.1 Purpose ......................................................................................................... 49

10.6.2 Method of measurement ................................................................................ 49

10.6.3 Required results ............................................................................................ 49

10.7 Alarms and indications, fall-back arrangements .................................................... 49

10.7.1 Built in integrity test ....................................................................................... 49

10.7.2 Transceiver protection ................................................................................... 50

10.7.3 Transmitter shutdown procedure .................................................................... 50

10.7.4 Position sensor fallback conditions ................................................................ 50

10.8 User interface ....................................................................................................... 51

10.8.1 Status indication ............................................................................................ 51

10.8.2 Message display ............................................................................................ 51

10.8.3 Static data input ............................................................................................ 52

11 Physical tests ................................................................................................................ 53

11.1 TDMA transmitter .................................................................................................. 53

11.1.1 Frequency error ............................................................................................. 53

11.1.2 Carrier power ................................................................................................. 53

11.1.3 Transmission spectrum .................................................................................. 54

11.1.4 Modulation accuracy ...................................................................................... 55

11.1.5 Transmitter output power versus time function ............................................... 56

11.2 TDMA receivers .................................................................................................... 57

11.2.1 Sensitivity ...................................................................................................... 57

11.2.2 Error behaviour at high input levels................................................................ 58

11.2.3 Co-channel rejection ...................................................................................... 58

11.2.4 Adjacent channel selectivity ........................................................................... 59

11.2.5 Spurious response rejection .......................................................................... 60

11.2.6 Intermodulation response rejection ................................................................ 62

11.2.7 Blocking or desensitisation ............................................................................ 63

11.3 Conducted spurious emissions .............................................................................. 64

11.3.1 Spurious emissions from the receiver ............................................................ 64

11.3.2 Spurious emissions from the transmitter ........................................................ 64

12 Specific tests of link layer .............................................................................................. 65

12.1 TDMA synchronisation .......................................................................................... 65

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SIST EN 62287-2:2017
IEC 62287-2:2017 © IEC 2017 – 5 –

12.1.1 Synchronisation test using UTC direct and indirect ........................................ 65

12.1.2 Synchronisation test without UTC, EUT receiving semaphore ........................ 66

12.2 Time division (frame format) ................................................................................. 66

12.2.1 Purpose ......................................................................................................... 66

12.2.2 Method of measurement ................................................................................ 66

12.2.3 Required results ............................................................................................ 66

12.3 Synchronisation jitter ............................................................................................ 66

12.3.1 Definition ....................................................................................................... 66

12.3.2 Purpose ......................................................................................................... 67

12.3.3 Method of measurement ................................................................................ 67

12.3.4 Required results ............................................................................................ 67

12.4 Data encoding (bit stuffing) ................................................................................... 67

12.4.1 Purpose ......................................................................................................... 67

12.4.2 Method of measurement ................................................................................ 67

12.4.3 Required results ............................................................................................ 67

12.5 Frame check sequence ......................................................................................... 67

12.5.1 Purpose ......................................................................................................... 67

12.5.2 Method of measurement ................................................................................ 67

12.5.3 Required results ............................................................................................ 67

12.6 Slot allocation (channel access protocols) ............................................................. 68

12.6.1 Network entry ................................................................................................ 68

12.6.2 Autonomous scheduled transmissions (SOTDMA) ......................................... 68

12.6.3 Autonomous scheduled transmissions (ITDMA) ............................................. 68

12.6.4 Transmission of Messages 24A and 24B (ITDMA) ......................................... 68

12.6.5 Assigned operation ........................................................................................ 69

12.6.6 Group assignment ......................................................................................... 71

12.6.7 Base station reservations .............................................................................. 75

12.7 Message formats .................................................................................................. 75

12.7.1 Received messages .......................................
...

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