Virtual power plants - Part 1: Architecture and functional requirements

IEC TS 63189-1:2023 covers the terms and definitions, system composition and control modes of virtual power plant (VPP). It defines the functional requirements for VPPs, including power generation forecasting, load forecasting, generation and consumption scheduling, control and management of energy storage devices and loads, coordinated optimization of distributed energy resources, status monitoring and communication, data collection and analysis, and market transactions.
Since a virtual power plant is a cluster of dispersed energy converting installations, which are aggregated, it uses additional systems to achieve its objectives (e.g. regional energy meteorology forecasting, site specific energy management systems, SCADA and other communication systems).
Local regulations, the electricity market model and the corresponding manner of organising the market related to the utilisation of controllable DER affect the management, control and operation of VPPs.

General Information

Publication Date
Current Stage
CDTS - Circulated Draft Technical Specification
Start Date
Completion Date
Ref Project

Buy Standard

Technical specification
IEC TS 63189-1:2023 - Virtual power plants - Part 1: Architecture and functional requirements Released:26. 09. 2023
English language
24 pages
sale 15% off
sale 15% off

Standards Content (Sample)

IEC TS 63189-1

Edition 1.0 2023-09


Virtual power plants –
Part 1: Architecture and functional requirements

IEC TS 63189-1:2023-09(en)

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
Copyright © 2023 IEC, Geneva, Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form
or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from
either IEC or IEC's member National Committee in the country of the requester. If you have any questions about IEC
copyright or have an enquiry about obtaining additional rights to this publication, please contact the address below or
your local IEC member National Committee for further information.

IEC Secretariat Tel.: +41 22 919 02 11
3, rue de Varembé
CH-1211 Geneva 20

About the IEC
The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is the leading global organization that prepares and publishes
International Standards for all electrical, electronic and related technologies.

About IEC publications
The technical content of IEC publications is kept under constant review by the IEC. Please make sure that you have the
latest edition, a corrigendum or an amendment might have been published.

IEC publications search - IEC Products & Services Portal -
The advanced search enables to find IEC publications by a Discover our powerful search engine and read freely all the
variety of criteria (reference number, text, technical publications previews. With a subscription you will always have
committee, …). It also gives information on projects, replaced access to up to date content tailored to your needs.
and withdrawn publications.

Electropedia -
IEC Just Published -
The world's leading online dictionary on electrotechnology,
Stay up to date on all new IEC publications. Just Published
containing more than 22 300 terminological entries in English
details all new publications released. Available online and once
and French, with equivalent terms in 19 additional languages.
a month by email.
Also known as the International Electrotechnical Vocabulary

(IEV) online.
IEC Customer Service Centre -

If you wish to give us your feedback on this publication or need
further assistance, please contact the Customer Service

---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
IEC TS 63189-1


Edition 1.0 2023-09





Virtual power plants –

Part 1: Architecture and functional requirements




ICS 29.240.01  ISBN 978-2-8322-7575-7

  Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission

---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
– 2 – IEC TS 63189-1:2023 © IEC 2023
1 Scope . 6
2 Normative references . 6
3 Terms and definitions . 7
4 System components . 9
4.1 General . 9
4.2 Power generation units . 9
4.3 Controllable loads . 9
4.4 Energy storage . 9
4.5 Microgrids . 10
4.6 VMS . 10
5 Control mode . 10
5.1 Centralized control mode .

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.