Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-9: Particular requirements for grills, toasters and similar portable cooking appliances

IEC 60335-2-9:2019 is available as IEC 60335-2-9:2019 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 60335-2-9:2019 deals with the safety of electric portable appliances for household and similar purposes that have a cooking function such as baking, roasting and grilling, their rated voltage being not more than 250 V.
Examples of appliances that are within the scope of this standard are:
– barbecues for indoor use;
– breadmakers;
– candy floss appliances;
– contact grills (griddles);
– cookers;
– food dehydrators;
– hotplates;
– induction wok hotplates;
– pop-corn makers;
– portable ovens;
– raclette grills;
– radiant grills;
– roasters;
– rotary grills;
– rotisseries;
– toasters;
– waffle irons;
Appliances intended for normal household and similar use and that may also be used by laymen in shops, in light industry and on farms, are within the scope of this standard. However, if the appliance is intended to be used professionally to process food for commercial consumption, the appliance is not considered to be for household and similar use only.
As far as is practicable, this standard deals with the common hazards presented by appliances that are encountered by all persons in and around the home.
However, in general, it does not take into account
– persons (including children) whose physical, sensory or mental capabilities or lack of experience and knowledge prevents them from using the appliance safely without supervision or instruction;
– children playing with the appliance.
Attention is drawn to the fact that:
– for appliances intended to be used in vehicles or on board ships or aircraft, additional requirements could be necessary;
– in many countries, additional requirements are specified by the national health authorities, the national authorities responsible for the protection of labour and similar authorities.
This standard does not apply to:
– stationary ovens and stationary grills (IEC 60335-2-6);
– warming plates (IEC 60335-2-12);
– frying pans and deep fat fryers (IEC 60335-2-13);
– microwave ovens (IEC 60335-2-25);
– barbecues for outdoor use (IEC 60335-2-78);
– appliances intended to burn charcoal or similar combustible fuels;
– appliances intended for commercial catering;
– appliances intended to be used in locations where special conditions prevail, such as the presence of a corrosive or explosive atmosphere (dust, vapour or gas).
This seventh edition cancels and replaces the sixth edition published in 2008, Amendment 1:2012 and Amendment 2:2016. This edition constitutes a technical revision.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
– aligns the text with IEC 60335-1, Ed 5, and its Amendments 1 and 2;
– revises the abnormal tests for a toaster (19.11.2, 19.102).
This part 2 is to be used in conjunction with the latest edition of IEC 60335-1 and its amendments. It was established on the basis of the fifth edition (2010) of that standard.

Appareils électrodomestiques et analogues - Sécurité - Partie 2-9: Exigences particulières pour les grils, les grille-pain et les appareils de cuisson mobiles analogues

IEC 60335-2-9:2019 est disponible sous forme de IEC 60335-2-9:2019 RLV qui contient la Norme internationale et sa version Redline, illustrant les modifications du contenu technique depuis l'édition précédente.L'IEC 60335-2-9:2019 traite de la sécurité des appareils mobiles électriques à usages domestiques et analogues ayant une fonction de cuisson telle que cuisson au four, rôtissage et grillage, et dont la tension assignée n'est pas supérieure à 250 V.
Les appareils suivants sont des exemples d'appareils relevant du domaine d'application de la présente norme:
– les barbecues pour utilisation à l'intérieur;
– les machines à pain;
– les appareils à barbe à papa;
– les grils par contact (plaques à griller);
– les réchauds-fours;
– les déshydrateurs d'aliments;
– les réchauds;
– les réchauds wok à induction;
– les appareils à popcorn;
– les fours mobiles;
– les grils à raclette;
– les grils par rayonnement;
– les cocottes;
– les grils tournants;
– les rôtissoires;
– les grille-pain;
– les gaufriers.
Les appareils destinés à un usage domestique et analogue normal et qui peuvent également être utilisés par des utilisateurs non avertis dans des magasins, chez des artisans et dans des fermes, sont compris dans le domaine d'application de la présente norme. Toutefois, si l'appareil est destiné à être utilisé par des professionnels pour la préparation d'aliments à des fins commerciales, l'appareil n'est pas considéré comme étant uniquement à usage domestique et analogue.
Dans la mesure du possible, la présente norme traite des dangers ordinaires présentés par les appareils qui sont encourus par tous les individus à l'intérieur et autour de l'habitation. Cependant, la présente norme ne tient pas compte en général
– des personnes (y compris des enfants) dont les capacités physiques, sensorielles ou mentales ou le manque d'expérience et de connaissance les empêchent d'utiliser l'appareil en toute sécurité sans surveillance ou instruction;
– de l'utilisation de l'appareil comme jouet par des enfants.
L'attention est attirée sur le fait que:
– pour les appareils destinés à être utilisés dans des véhicules ou à bord de navires ou d'avions, des exigences supplémentaires peuvent être nécessaires;
– dans de nombreux pays, des exigences supplémentaires sont spécifiées par les organismes nationaux de la santé, par les organismes nationaux responsables de la protection des travailleurs et par des organismes similaires.
La présente norme ne s'applique pas:
– aux fours fixes et grils fixes (IEC 60335-2-6);
– aux chauffe-plats (IEC 60335-2-12);
– aux poêles à frire et aux friteuses (IEC 60335-2-13);
– aux fours à micro-ondes (IEC 60335-2-25);
– aux barbecues pour extérieur (IEC 60335-2-78);
– aux appareils destinés à brûler du charbon de bois ou des combustibles similaires;
– aux appareils à usage des collectivités;
– aux appareils destinés à être utilisés dans des locaux présentant des conditions particulières telles que la présence d'une atmosphère corrosive ou explosive (poussière, vapeur ou gaz).
Cette septième édition annule et remplace la sixième édition parue en 2008, l'Amendement 1:2012 et l'Amendement 2:2016. Cette édition constitue une révision technique.
Cette édition inclut les modifications techniques majeures suivantes par rapport à l'édition précédente:
– aligne le texte sur l'IEC 60335-1, Éd 5, et ses Amendements 1 et 2;
– révise les essais anormaux pour les grille-pain (19.11.2, 19.102).
La présente partie 2 doit être utilisée conjointement avec la dernière édition de l'IEC 60335-1 et ses amendements. Elle a été établie sur la base de la cinquième édition (2010) de cette norme.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
16-May-2019
Current Stage
PPUB - Publication issued
Completion Date
17-May-2019
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IEC 60335-2-9
Edition 7.0 2019-05
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Household and similar electrical appliances – Safety –

Part 2-9: Particular requirements for grills, toasters and similar portable cooking

appliances
Appareils électrodomestiques et analogues – Sécurité –

Partie 2-9: Exigences particulières pour les grils, les grille-pain et les appareils

de cuisson mobiles analogues
IEC 60335-2-9:2019-05(en-fr)
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
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---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
IEC 60335-2-9
Edition 7.0 2019-05
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Household and similar electrical appliances – Safety –

Part 2-9: Particular requirements for grills, toasters and similar portable cooking

appliances
Appareils électrodomestiques et analogues – Sécurité –

Partie 2-9: Exigences particulières pour les grils, les grille-pain et les appareils

de cuisson mobiles analogues
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
INTERNATIONALE
ICS 97.040.50; 13.120 ISBN 978-2-8322-6890-2

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
– 2 – IEC 60335-2-9:2019 © IEC 2019
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 4

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 7

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 8

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................... 9

3 Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................... 9

4 General requirement ...................................................................................................... 14

5 General conditions for the tests ..................................................................................... 14

6 Classification ................................................................................................................. 14

7 Marking and instructions ................................................................................................ 14

8 Protection against access to live parts ........................................................................... 16

9 Starting of motor-operated appliances ........................................................................... 17

10 Power input and current ................................................................................................. 17

11 Heating .......................................................................................................................... 17

12 Void ............................................................................................................................... 21

13 Leakage current and electric strength at operating temperature ..................................... 21

14 Transient overvoltages .................................................................................................. 22

15 Moisture resistance ....................................................................................................... 22

16 Leakage current and electric strength ............................................................................ 23

17 Overload protection of transformers and associated circuits .......................................... 24

18 Endurance ..................................................................................................................... 24

19 Abnormal operation ....................................................................................................... 24

20 Stability and mechanical hazards ................................................................................... 26

21 Mechanical strength ...................................................................................................... 26

22 Construction .................................................................................................................. 27

23 Internal wiring ................................................................................................................ 30

24 Components .................................................................................................................. 30

25 Supply connection and external flexible cords ............................................................... 31

26 Terminals for external conductors .................................................................................. 32

27 Provision for earthing .................................................................................................... 32

28 Screws and connections ................................................................................................ 32

29 Clearances, creepage distances and solid insulation ..................................................... 32

30 Resistance to heat and fire ............................................................................................ 32

31 Resistance to rusting ..................................................................................................... 33

32 Radiation, toxicity and similar hazards ........................................................................... 33

Annexes ............................................................................................................................... 40

Annex C (normative) Ageing test on motors ......................................................................... 41

Annex R (normative) Software evaluation ............................................................................ 42

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 43

Figure 101 – Examples of appliances .................................................................................... 35

Figure 102 – Load for testing rotating spits ........................................................................... 36

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
IEC 60335-2-9:2019 © IEC 2019 – 3 –

Figure 103 – Vessel for testing hotplates .............................................................................. 37

Figure 104 – Vessel for testing induction hotplates ............................................................... 37

Figure 105 – Probe for measuring surface temperatures ....................................................... 38

Figure 106 – Front view of appliance with identification of excluded areas ............................ 39

Table 101 – Quantity of liquid in the vessel ........................................................................... 10

Table 102 – Temperature rises for external surfaces............................................................. 19

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
– 4 – IEC 60335-2-9:2019 © IEC 2019
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
HOUSEHOLD AND SIMILAR ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES –
SAFETY –
Part 2-9: Particular requirements for grills, toasters and
similar portable cooking appliances
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,

Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as "IEC

Publication(s)"). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested

in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-

governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely

with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by

agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

misinterpretation by any end user.

4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications

transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence

between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in

the latter.

5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformity

assessment services and, in some areas, access to IEC marks of conformity. IEC is not responsible for any

services carried out by independent certification bodies.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or

other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC

Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 60335-2-9 has been prepared by IEC technical committee 61:

Safety of household and similar electrical appliances.

This seventh edition cancels and replaces the sixth edition published in 2008, Amendment 1:

2012 and Amendment 2:2016. This edition constitutes a technical revision.

This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous

edition:
– aligns the text with IEC 60335-1, Ed 5, and its Amendments 1 and 2;
– revises the abnormal tests for a toaster (19.11.2, 19.102).
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
IEC 60335-2-9:2019 © IEC 2019 – 5 –
The text of this International Standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
61/5797/FDIS 61/5838/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this International Standard can be found in

the report on voting indicated in the above table.

This document has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

A list of all parts in the IEC 60335 series, published under the general title Household and

similar electrical appliances – Safety, can be found on the IEC website.

This part 2 is to be used in conjunction with the latest edition of IEC 60335-1 and its

amendments. It was established on the basis of the fifth edition (2010) of that standard.

NOTE 1 When "Part 1" is mentioned in this standard, it refers to IEC 60335-1.

This part 2 supplements or modifies the corresponding clauses in IEC 60335-1, so as to

convert that publication into the IEC standard: Safety requirements for grills, toasters and

similar portable cooking appliances.

When a particular subclause of Part 1 is not mentioned in this part 2, that subclause applies

as far as is reasonable. When this standard states "addition", "modification" or "replacement",

the relevant text in Part 1 is to be adapted accordingly.
NOTE 2 The following numbering system is used:

– subclauses, tables and figures that are numbered starting from 101 are additional to those in Part 1;

– unless notes are in a new subclause or involve notes in Part 1, they are numbered starting from 101, including

those in a replaced clause or subclause;
– additional annexes are lettered AA, BB, etc.
NOTE 3 The following print types are used:
– requirements: in roman type;
– test specifications: in italic type;
– notes: in small roman type.

Words in bold in the text are defined in Clause 3. When a definition concerns an adjective, the adjective and the

associated noun are also in bold.

The committee has decided that the contents of this document will remain unchanged until the

stability date indicated on the IEC website under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data related to

the specific document. At this date, the document will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.

NOTE 4 The attention of National Committees is drawn to the fact that equipment manufacturers and testing

organizations may need a transitional period following publication of a new, amended or revised IEC publication in

which to make products in accordance with the new requirements and to equip themselves for conducting new or

revised tests.

It is the recommendation of the committee that the content of this publication be adopted for implementation

nationally not earlier than 12 months nor later than 36 months from the date of its publication.

---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
– 6 – IEC 60335-2-9:2019 © IEC 2019
The following differences exist in the countries indicated below:
– 3.1.9: Different loads and test methods are used (USA).

– 5.101: If the appliance incorporates a motor, the motor is tested at rated voltage (USA).

– 7.12: Identification of the connector is to be marked on the appliance (USA).
– 11.2: 9,5 mm thick plywood is used for the test corner (USA).
– 11.7: The test duration is based on the quantity of food (USA).

– 11.8: A temperature rise of 100 K is allowed for the wall of the test corner (USA).

– 11.101: There are no surface temperature limits on toasters having a metallic enclosure unless they are under

cabinet or wall mounted, in which case it is allowed for the temperatures to reach 100 °C if a proper marking is

provided (USA).

– 15.2: A different solution is used and the test is not carried out on ovens, hotplates or cookers (USA).

– 15.101: Appliances are immersed to the marked level only (USA).

– 19.2: A 300 mm deep simulated cabinet is located 400 mm above the countertop (USA).

– 19.2: The test is different. Additional tests are carried out on hotplates and cookers (USA):

– 19.101: Different test methods and numbers of cycles are used (USA).

– 19.102: A combustible cloth is placed above the toaster and the residual bread is left in place (USA).

– 19.104: Disks having different sizes are used (USA).
– 20.101: The test is not carried out (USA).
– 21.101: The test is different (USA).
– 22.105: The requirement is not applicable (USA).
– 22.108: The test is different (USA).
– 22.110: The test is different (USA).
– 22.111: The test is not carried out (USA).
– 22.112: The test is not carried out (USA).
– 24.1.3: The test is not carried out (USA).
– 24.101: The test is not carried out (USA).

– 25.7: The free length of the supply cord is specified; in some cases, it is 1,8 m to 2,1 m for appliances

intended to be connected to fixed socket-outlets, while in others it is 0,6 m to 2,1 m for appliances normally

used on a table or similar surface (USA).
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
IEC 60335-2-9:2019 © IEC 2019 – 7 –
INTRODUCTION

It has been assumed in the drafting of this International Standard that the execution of its

provisions is entrusted to appropriately qualified and experienced persons.

This standard recognizes the internationally accepted level of protection against hazards such

as electrical, mechanical, thermal, fire and radiation of appliances when operated as in

normal use taking into account the manufacturer's instructions. It also covers abnormal

situations that can be expected in practice and takes into account the way in which

electromagnetic phenomena can affect the safe operation of appliances.

This standard takes into account the requirements of IEC 60364 as far as possible so that

there is compatibility with the wiring rules when the appliance is connected to the supply

mains. However, national wiring rules may differ.

If an appliance within the scope of this standard also incorporates functions that are covered

by another part 2 of IEC 60335, the relevant part 2 is applied to each function separately, as

far as is reasonable. If applicable, the influence of one function on the other is taken into

account.

When a part 2 standard does not include additional requirements to cover hazards dealt with

in Part 1, Part 1 applies.

NOTE 1 This means that the technical committees responsible for the part 2 standards have determined that it is

not necessary to specify particular requirements for the appliance in question over and above the general

requirements.

This standard is a product family standard dealing with the safety of appliances and takes

precedence over horizontal and generic standards covering the same subject.

NOTE 2 Horizontal and generic standards covering a hazard are not applicable since they have been taken into

consideration when developing the general and particular requirements for the IEC 60335 series of standards. For

example, in the case of temperature requirements for surfaces on many appliances, generic standards, such as

ISO 13732-1 for hot surfaces, are not applicable in addition to Part 1 or part 2 standards.

An appliance that complies with the text of this standard will not necessarily be considered to

comply with the safety principles of the standard if, when examined and tested, it is found to

have other features which impair the level of safety covered by these requirements.

An appliance employing materials or having forms of construction differing from those detailed

in the requirements of this standard may be examined and tested according to the intent of

the requirements and, if found to be substantially equivalent, may be considered to comply

with the standard.
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
– 8 – IEC 60335-2-9:2019 © IEC 2019
HOUSEHOLD AND SIMILAR ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES –
SAFETY –
Part 2-9: Particular requirements for grills, toasters and
similar portable cooking appliances
1 Scope
This clause of Part 1 is replaced by the following.

This International Standard deals with the safety of electric portable appliances for

household and similar purposes that have a cooking function such as baking, roasting and

grilling, their rated voltage being not more than 250 V.
NOTE 101 Examples of appliances that are within the scope of this standard are
– barbecues for indoor use;
– breadmakers;
– candy floss appliances;
– contact grills (griddles);
– cookers;
– food dehydrators;
– hotplates;
– induction wok hotplates;
– pop-corn makers;
– portable ovens;
– raclette grills;
– radiant grills;
– roasters;
– rotary grills;
– rotisseries;
– toasters;
– waffle irons;
Examples are illustrated in Figure 101.

Appliances intended for normal household and similar use and that may also be used by

laymen in shops, in light industry and on farms, are within the scope of this standard. However,

if the appliance is intended to be used professionally to process food for commercial consumption,

the appliance is not considered to be for household and similar use only.

As far as is practicable, this standard deals with the common hazards presented by

appliances that are encountered by all persons in and around the home. However, in general,

it does not take into account
– persons (including children) whose
• physical, sensory or mental capabilities; or
• lack of experience and knowledge

prevents them from using the appliance safely without supervision or instruction;

– children playing with the appliance.
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
IEC 60335-2-9:2019 © IEC 2019 – 9 –
NOTE 102 Attention is drawn to the fact that

– for appliances intended to be used in vehicles or on board ships or aircraft, additional requirements could be

necessary;

– in many countries, additional requirements are specified by the national health authorities, the national

authorities responsible for the protection of labour and similar authorities.
NOTE 103 This standard does not apply to
– stationary ovens and stationary grills (IEC 60335-2-6);
– warming plates (IEC 60335-2-12);
– frying pans and deep fat fryers (IEC 60335-2-13);
– microwave ovens (IEC 60335-2-25);
– barbecues for outdoor use (IEC 60335-2-78);
– appliances intended to burn charcoal or similar combustible fuels;
– appliances intended for commercial catering;

– appliances intended to be used in locations where special conditions prevail, such as the presence of a

corrosive or explosive atmosphere (dust, vapour or gas).
2 Normative references
This clause of part 1 is applicable except as follows.
Replacement:

IEC 60320-1:2015, Appliance couplers for household and similar general purposes – Part 1:

General requirements
Addition:

IEC 60068-2-52, Environmental testing – Part 2: Tests – Test Kb: Salt mist, cyclic (sodium

chloride solution)

IEC 60320-3, Appliance couplers for household and similar general purposes – Part 3:

Standard sheets and gauges
IEC 60584-1, Thermocouples – Part 1: EMF specifications and tolerances

ISO 3864-1, Graphical symbols – Safety colours and safety signs – Part 1: Design principles

for safety signs and safety markings
3 Terms and definitions
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows.
3.1 Definitions relating to physical characteristics
Replacement:
3.1.9
normal operation
operation of the appliance as specified in the following subclauses:

Note 1 to entry: Appliances not mentioned, but which nevertheless perform one of the functions, are operated as

specified for this function as far as possible.
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– 10 – IEC 60335-2-9:2019 © IEC 2019

3.1.9.101 Barbecues are operated with food supports in the lowest position. Controls are

adjusted to the highest setting, any covers or shields being positioned in accordance with the

instructions.

Note 1 to entry: Barbecues are operated without water even if the use of water is recommended.

3.1.9.102 Breadmakers are operated using the most unfavourable cycle and ingredients

specified in the instructions.

Note 1 to entry: The most unfavourable cycle may be for a function such as jam-making that allows the heating

element and the kneading motor to operate simultaneously.
3.1.9.103 Candy floss appliances are operated without ingredients.
3.1.9.104 Food dehydrators are operated empty.

3.1.9.105 Hotplates, other than induction hotplates, are operated with vessels containing

water. The vessels are made of unpolished commercial quality aluminium, have a flat bottom

and are covered with a lid. A suitable vessel is specified in Figure 103. Controls are adjusted

to their highest setting until the water boils and then adjusted so that the water simmers.

Water is added to maintain the level during simmering.

Induction hot plates are operated with vessels as specified in Figure 104, containing cooking

oil. Controls are adjusted to their highest setting until the oil temperature reaches

180 °C ± 4 °C, and are then adjusted so that this temperature is maintained. The oil

temperature is measured 1 cm above the centre of the bottom of the vessel. For appliances

which cannot heat the oil to 180 °C ± 4 °C, the control is maintained at its highest setting.

Induction wok hotplates are operated with a wok pan supplied by the manufacturer with the

induction wok hotplate at the point of sale.
For all hotp
...

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