Cybersecurity aspects of devices used for power metering and monitoring, power quality monitoring, data collection and analysis

IEC TS 63383:2022 deals with cybersecurity related to measuring devices (PMD according to IEC 61557-12 and PQI according to IEC 62586-1) and devices for data collection (devices according to IEC 62974-1) that are intended to be installed in restricted access areas.
This document deals with cybersecurity aspects (e.g. device hardening or device resilience) of device(s) used for power metering and monitoring, power quality monitoring, data collection and analysis, but does not cover requirements for organisational cybersecurity (e.g. end-user security policy).
This document is a first attempt to develop awareness by manufacturers and other relevant stakeholders about cybersecurity aspects and provide basic guidance for achieving the appropriate security mitigation against vulnerabilities to security threats:
– in coherence with device/system approaches described in relevant standards such as IEC 62443 (all parts) and ISO/IEC 27001,
– based on generic system use-cases.
This document does not cover billing meters covered by the IEC 62053-2x set of standards.

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IEC TS 63383:2022 - Cybersecurity aspects of devices used for power metering and monitoring, power quality monitoring, data collection and analysis Released:11/23/2022
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IEC TS 63383 ®
Edition 1.0 2022-11
Cybersecurity aspects of devices used for power metering and monitoring,
power quality monitoring, data collection and analysis
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IEC TS 63383 ®
Edition 1.0 2022-11
Cybersecurity aspects of devices used for power metering and monitoring,

power quality monitoring, data collection and analysis

ICS 17.220.20; 29.240.01 ISBN 978-2-8322-6115-6

– 2 – IEC TS 63383:2022 © IEC 2022
1 Scope . 7
2 Normative references . 7
3 Terms, definitions, symbols and abbreviated terms . 7
3.1 Definitions related to cybersecurity . 7
3.2 Definitions related to devices . 11
3.3 Symbols and abbreviated terms . 12
4 Security objectives . 13
5 Cybersecurity risk assessment (generic approach) . 13
5.1 Risk assessment . 13
5.2 Risk management . 14
5.2.1 General . 14
5.2.2 Examples of metrics . 14
5.2.3 Examples for prioritization . 15
6 Requirements . 15
6.1 Overview. 15
6.2 Requirements for risk assessment . 16
6.3 Requirements for countermeasures . 17
6.4 Requirements for testing . 17
6.5 Requirements for lifecycle security management . 18
6.6 Requirements for instructions of use . 18
Annex A (informative) Example of generic risk assessment for PMDs, PQIs, data
gateways (DGW), energy data loggers (EDL) and energy servers (ESE) . 19
A.1 General . 19
A.2 Generic roles . 19
A.3 Generic system use-case . 19
A.4 Generic functions achieved by devices within a system . 20
A.4.1 PMD and PQI devices . 20
A.4.2 Data gateways (DGW), energy data loggers (EDL), energy servers
(ESE) . 21
A.5 Generic assessment of devices within the system . 22
A.5.1 Generic list of feared events . 22
A.5.2 Generic list of device-feared events . 23
A.5.3 Generic list of accesses allowing potential vulnerabilities . 25
A.5.4 Generic list of device accesses allowing potential vulnerabilities . 26
Annex B (informative) Example of generic countermeasures . 27
B.1 General . 27
B.2 Recommendations for manufacturers during design phase . 27
B.3 Recommendations for manufacturers during manufacturing . 27
B.4 Recommendations for manufacturers putting devices on the market . 27
B.5 Recommendations for integrators building systems within facilities . 27
B.6 Recommendations for commissioning . 27
B.7 Recommendations for facility managers operating systems within facilities . 28
B.8 Recommendations for facility managers during maintenance . 28
B.9 Recommendations for facility managers during de-commissioning . 28

B.10 Recommendations for facility managers during disposal . 28
Bibliography . 29

Figure 1 – Generic examples for classification of device(s) within an organisational
environment . 13
Figure 2 – Typical graph of acceptable and non-acceptable risks . 15
Figure 3 – Requirements in 5 phases . 16
Figure 4 – Examples of device accesses . 17
Figure A.1 – Example of generic system use-case . 20
Figure A.2 – Example of data processing within DGW, EDL and ESE . 22
Figure A.3 – Example of device assets together with its interfaces . 26

Table 1 – Example of a simple 3 × 3 risk matrix . 15
Table A.1 – Example of generic roles . 19
Table A.2 – Kind of data measured by PMD and PQI . 21
Table A.3 – Generic device feared events (potential security problems) . 23
Table A.4 – Generic device-feared events (security problems) definition . 24
Table A.5 – Generic example of device accesses . 26

– 4 – IEC TS 63383:2022 © IEC 2022

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IEC TS 63383 has been prepared by IEC technical committee 85: Measuring equipment for
electrical and electromagnetic quantities. It is a Technical Specification.
The text of this Technical Specification is based on the following documents:
Draft Report on voting
85/832/DTS 85/839/RVDTS
Full information on the voting for its approval can be found in the report on voting indicated in
the above table.
The language used for the development of this Technical Specification is English.
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