Information technology -- Radio frequency identification device performance test methods -- Crypto suite

ISO/IEC 21277:2018 defines test methods to measure the performance of crypto suites of radio frequency identification (RFID) devices (tags and interrogators) for item management as specified in ISO/IEC 18000‑63 and ISO/IEC 29167 (all parts). These test methods measure the crypto suite system performance (tags and interrogators) against the crypto suite outcomes as required by the desired set of use case requirements for a specific application/service. These test methods are used as an extension of ISO/IEC 18046‑1 but can be used in a standalone manner. Crypto suite performance can vary substantially between crypto suites, implementations of a crypto suite for tags and interrogators and crypto suite outcomes in specific interrogation scenarios. Tag crypto functions require time and energy to complete successfully. The desired crypto strength and method influence the time and energy required. "Crypto suite performance" is therefore defined in this document as "the shortest time to complete a crypto outcome at a given read distance in relation to the RF power available". This document provides guidelines in the evaluation of the measurement results. The test methods do not measure crypto capabilities which include crypto strength, suitability and robustness. They neither measure random generator performance nor deal with key management.

Technologies de l'information -- Méthodes de test de performance des systèmes d'identification par radiofréquence (RFID) -- Suites cryptographiques

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
12-Feb-2018
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
01-Feb-2018
Completion Date
13-Feb-2018
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INTERNATIONAL ISO/IEC
STANDARD 21277
First edition
2018-02
Information technology — Radio
frequency identification device
performance test methods — Crypto
suite
Technologies de l'information — Méthodes de test de performance
des systèmes d'identification par radiofréquence (RFID) — Suites
cryptographiques
Reference number
ISO/IEC 21277:2018(E)
ISO/IEC 2018
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 21277:2018(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO/IEC 2018

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
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copyright@iso.org
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Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO/IEC 2018 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 21277:2018(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Symbols and abbreviated terms ........................................................................................................................................................... 2

5 Measurement context ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

6 Setup of test equipment ................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

7 System parameters ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

7.2 Crypto performance ........................................................................................................................................................................... 3

7.3 Interrogator-system architecture ........................................................................................................................................... 3

8 Measurements in scope ................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

9 Test method ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

Annex A (informative) Interrogator crypto suite implementation ....................................................................................... 7

Annex B (informative) Security suite application considerations ......................................................................................... 8

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

© ISO/IEC 2018 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO/IEC 21277:2018(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (the International Electrotechnical

Commission) form the specialized system for worldwide standardization. National bodies that are

members of ISO or IEC participate in the development of International Standards through technical

committees established by the respective organization to deal with particular fields of technical

activity. ISO and IEC technical committees collaborate in fields of mutual interest. Other international

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO and IEC, also take part in the

work. In the field of information technology, ISO and IEC have established a joint technical committee,

ISO/IEC JTC 1.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for

the different types of document should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject

of patent rights. ISO and IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights. Details of any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the

Introduction and/or on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following

URL: www .iso .org/ iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/IEC JTC 1, Information technology,

Subcommittee SC 31, Automatic identification and data capture techniques.
iv © ISO/IEC 2018 – All rights reserved
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ISO/IEC 21277:2018(E)
Introduction

ISO/IEC 18000 defines the air interfaces for radio frequency identification (RFID) devices used in item

management applications. ISO/IEC 18000-63 defines the air interface for these devices operating at

frequencies from 860 MHz to 960 MHz Type C.

ISO/IEC 29167 defines crypto suite air interfaces for ISO/IEC 18000-63 utilising on tag cryptography

functions.

This document provides test methods for performance measurement of the ISO/IEC 29167 devices.

NOTE This specification is a system measurement of tag and interrogator performance.

© ISO/IEC 2018 – All rights reserved v
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/IEC 21277:2018(E)
Information technology — Radio frequency identification
device performance test methods — Crypto suite
1 Scope

This document defines test methods to measure the performance of crypto suites of radio frequency

identification (RFID) devices (tags and interrogators) for item management as specified in

ISO/IEC 18000-63 and ISO/IEC 29167 (all parts).

These test methods measure the crypto suite system performance (tags and interrogators) against

the crypto suite outcomes as required by the desired set of use case requirements for a specific

application/service. These test methods are used as an extension of ISO/IEC 18046-1 but can be used in

a standalone manner.

Crypto suite performance can vary substantially between crypto suites, implementations of a crypto

suite for tags and interrogators and crypto suite outcomes in specific interrogation scenarios. Tag

crypto functions require time and energy to complete successfully. The desired crypto strength and

method influence the time and energy required. “Crypto suite performance” is therefore defined in this

document as “the shortest time to complete a crypto outcome at a given read distance in relation to the

RF power available”. This document provides guidelines in the evaluation of the measurement results.

The test methods do not measure crypto capabilities which include crypto strength, suitability and

robustness. They neither measure random generator performance nor deal with key management.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO/IEC 18000-63, Information technology — Radio frequency identification for item management —

Part 63: Parameters for air interface communications at 860 MHz to 960 MHz Type C

ISO/IEC 18046-1, Information technology — Radio frequency identification device performance test

methods — Part 1: Test methods for system performance

ISO/IEC 19762, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture (AIDC) techniques —

Harmonized vocabulary
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO/IEC 19762 and ISO/IEC 18000-

63 apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
© ISO/IEC 2018 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO/IEC 21277:2018(E)
4 Symbols and abbreviated terms
4.1 Symbols

For the purposes of this document, symbols given in ISO/IEC 19762 and ISO/IEC 18000-63 apply.

4.2 Abbreviated terms

For the purposes of this document, the abbreviated terms given in ISO/IEC 19762 and ISO/IEC 18000-

63 apply.
5 Measurement context

The combination of ISO/IEC 18000-63 and ISO/IEC 29167 provides a set of security outcomes by

utilising on-chip cryptography functions. The set of potential crypto functions are as follows:

1) Authentication – this method may be used where the physical interrogation environment ensures

that the risk of over the air splicing or message confusion is countered within the scope of the

overall security risk.
a) Tag – the interrogator trusts the tag.
b) Interrogator – the tag trusts the interrogator.
c) Mutual – the tag and the interrogator trust each other.
2) Communication

a) Authenticated communication – This counters over the air splicing or message confusion.

Tag => Interrogator – the interrogator trusts the message from the authenticated tag.

Interrogator => Tag – the tag trusts the message from the authenticated interrogator.

Interrogator <=> Tag – the tag and interrogator trust each other's messages.
b) Encrypted communication – This counters eavesdropping.

Tag => Interrogator – messages from the tag can only be recovered by the interrogator.

Interrogator => Tag – messages from the interrogator can only be recovered by the tag.

Interrogator <=> Tag – messages can only be recovered by the two participants.
c) Authenticated and encrypted communication (a and b).
Tag => Interrogator
Interrogator => Tag
Interrogator <=> Tag

3) Untraceability may be achieved by ensuring that the tag cannot be uniquely recognised by the

messages between the tag and the interrogator.
...

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